CN105541373A - High-strength and permeable concrete brick - Google Patents

High-strength and permeable concrete brick Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105541373A
CN105541373A CN201610115297.5A CN201610115297A CN105541373A CN 105541373 A CN105541373 A CN 105541373A CN 201610115297 A CN201610115297 A CN 201610115297A CN 105541373 A CN105541373 A CN 105541373A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
layer
parts
strength
concrete brick
pervious concrete
Prior art date
Application number
CN201610115297.5A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王卫东
庄志坚
于四青
刘志强
Original Assignee
江苏万特福建筑构件有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 江苏万特福建筑构件有限公司 filed Critical 江苏万特福建筑构件有限公司
Priority to CN201610115297.5A priority Critical patent/CN105541373A/en
Publication of CN105541373A publication Critical patent/CN105541373A/en

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Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B20/00Use of materials as fillers for mortars, concrete or artificial stone according to more than one of groups C04B14/00 - C04B18/00 and characterised by shape or grain distribution; Treatment of materials according to more than one of the groups C04B14/00 - C04B18/00 specially adapted to enhance their filling properties in mortars, concrete or artificial stone; Expanding or defibrillating materials
    • C04B20/0076Use of materials as fillers for mortars, concrete or artificial stone according to more than one of groups C04B14/00 - C04B18/00 and characterised by shape or grain distribution; Treatment of materials according to more than one of the groups C04B14/00 - C04B18/00 specially adapted to enhance their filling properties in mortars, concrete or artificial stone; Expanding or defibrillating materials characterised by the grain distribution
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B28/00Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements
    • C04B28/02Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements containing hydraulic cements other than calcium sulfates
    • C04B28/04Portland cements
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2111/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone or mixtures to prepare them, characterised by specific function, property or use
    • C04B2111/00241Physical properties of the materials not provided for elsewhere in C04B2111/00
    • C04B2111/00284Materials permeable to liquids
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2111/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone or mixtures to prepare them, characterised by specific function, property or use
    • C04B2111/40Porous or lightweight materials

Abstract

The invention discloses a high-strength and permeable concrete brick. The high-strength and permeable concrete brick comprises a surface layer and a bottom layer, wherein the surface layer and the bottom layer are porous concrete prepared from cementing materials such as portland cement and the like and aggregate, and the surface layer and the bottom layer are connected into a whole by the aid of ambient pressure, the binding force of the cementing material and the interlocking force of connecting surfaces. The high-strength and permeable concrete brick has the advantages as follows: the porous concrete prepared from different aggregates is taken as the surface layer and the bottom layer for mutual composition, the problem that the strength and the permeability performance of the porous concrete prepared from a single aggregate are contradictory is solved, and the permeable concrete brick prepared from a raw material adopting the aggregate with appropriate particle sizes has the advantages of high strength, good water permeability, good wear resistance, long service life and the like and has wide application prospect.

Description

A kind of high strength pervious concrete brick
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of material of construction, particularly a kind of high strength pervious concrete brick.
Background technology
Along with concrete technology continually develops lifting, concrete product there has also been increasing function, pervious concrete brick can allow rainwater flow into underground, effective recharge of groundwater, alleviate the ground water table in city sharply to decline etc. some Urban Environmental Problems, and effectively can eliminate the harm of the environmental pollutions such as ground oil compounds.
At present, pervious concrete generally adopts without the preparation of (lacking) sand cellular concrete, pervious concrete brick on the market, material is single coarse aggregate, and surfaceness is high, and intensity is low, easily peel off by top layer aggregate during external force, and permeable hole is easily by blockings such as earth.
Summary of the invention
Goal of the invention: for the problems referred to above, the object of this invention is to provide that a kind of intensity is high, good water permeability, wear-resisting concrete brick.
Technical scheme: a kind of high strength pervious concrete brick, comprise surface layer and bottom, described surface layer and described bottom are all the cellular concretes prepared by the gelling material such as silicate cement and aggregate, are connected between described surface layer and described bottom by the snap-in force between the cohesive force of ambient pressure, dependence gelling material and joint face.
The thickness proportion of described surface layer and described bottom is 3: 7 ~ 4: 6.
The material of described surface layer comprises the component of following weight part: cement 300 ~ 400 parts, toughener 10 ~ 20 parts, 1300 ~ 1500 parts, water reducer 2 ~ 4 part, meter sand, 90 ~ 110 parts, water.
The material of described bottom comprises the component of following weight part: cement 300 ~ 350 parts, toughener 15 ~ 25 parts, water reducer 1.5 ~ 3.5 parts, 0 ~ 200 part, sand, melon seeds sheet 1350 ~ 1600 parts, 80 ~ 100 parts, water.
The particle diameter of described rice sand is 1.18 ~ 2.36mm.
The particle diameter of described melon seeds sheet is 5 ~ 10mm.
Prepare the cellular concrete material of described surface layer and described bottom by a layer-by-layer distribution compression moulding.
Be 80 ~ 100kN by the pressure that surface layer and bottom compression moulding are integrated.
Beneficial effect: compared with prior art, advantage of the present invention is: the cellular concrete prepared using different aggregate is as surface layer and the mutual compound of bottom, solve cellular concrete intensity and the conflicting problem of water permeability prepared by single aggregate, select appropriate particle size aggregate to be that the pervious concrete brick that raw material is prepared from has the advantages such as intensity is high, good water permeability, wear resistance are good, long service life, be with a wide range of applications.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Accompanying drawing is product profile of the present invention.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, illustrate the present invention further, these embodiments should be understood only be not used in for illustration of the present invention and limit the scope of the invention, after having read the present invention, the amendment of those skilled in the art to the various equivalent form of value of the present invention has all fallen within the application's claims limited range.
Embodiment 1
As shown in drawings, a kind of high strength pervious concrete brick, comprise surface layer 1 and bottom 2, surface layer and bottom are all the cellular concrete prepared by the gelling material such as silicate cement and aggregate respectively, the thickness proportion of surface layer and bottom is 3: 7, by the ambient pressure of 80kN between surface layer and bottom, rely on the snap-in force between the cohesive force of gelling material and coarse joint face to be connected simultaneously.
Although surface layer and bottom are all the cellular concrete prepared by the gelling material such as silicate cement and aggregate respectively, but respective component and content exist difference: the water-permeable of surface layer is better than bottom, comprise cement 300 parts, toughener 10 parts, 1300 parts, water reducer 2 part, meter sand, 90 parts, water; The intensity of bottom is better than surface layer, comprises cement 300 parts, toughener 15 parts, water reducer 1.5 parts, 0 part, sand, melon seeds sheet 1350 parts, 80 parts, water; More than be weight part.Wherein the particle diameter of rice sand is 1.18 ~ 2.36mm, and the particle diameter of melon seeds sheet is 5 ~ 10mm.
During preparation product of the present invention, the cellular concrete material of surface layer and bottom is prepared respectively, in a mold, by layer-by-layer distribution, first cloth underlying material, rear cloth cover layered material, a compression moulding.
Embodiment 2
Be with the difference of embodiment 1: the thickness proportion of surface layer and bottom is 4: 6, by an ambient pressure compression moulding of 100kN between surface layer and bottom; Surface layer comprises cement 400 parts, toughener 20 parts, 1500 parts, water reducer 4 part, meter sand, 110 parts, water; Bottom comprises cement 350 parts, toughener 25 parts, water reducer 3.5 parts, 200 parts, sand, melon seeds sheet 1600 parts, 100 parts, water; More than be weight part.
Embodiment 3
Be with the difference of embodiment 1: the thickness proportion of surface layer and bottom is 4: 6, by an ambient pressure compression moulding of 90kN between surface layer and bottom; Surface layer comprises cement 320 parts, toughener 14 parts, 1400 parts, water reducer 2 part, meter sand, 95 parts, water; Bottom comprises cement 340 parts, toughener 23 parts, water reducer 2 parts, 150 parts, sand, melon seeds sheet 1470 parts, 90 parts, water; More than be weight part.
Embodiment 4
Be with the difference of embodiment 1: the thickness proportion of surface layer and bottom is 3: 7, by an ambient pressure compression moulding of 95kN between surface layer and bottom; Surface layer comprises cement 360 parts, toughener 18 parts, 1480 parts, water reducer 3 part, meter sand, 100 parts, water; Bottom comprises cement 330 parts, toughener 20 parts, water reducer 2.7 parts, 14 parts, sand, melon seeds sheet 1530 parts, 95 parts, water; More than be weight part.

Claims (8)

1. a high strength pervious concrete brick, it is characterized in that: comprise surface layer and bottom, described surface layer and described bottom are all the cellular concretes prepared by the gelling material such as silicate cement and aggregate, are connected between described surface layer and described bottom by the snap-in force between the cohesive force of ambient pressure, dependence gelling material and joint face.
2. a kind of high strength pervious concrete brick according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the thickness proportion of described surface layer and described bottom is 3: 7 ~ 4: 6.
3. a kind of high strength pervious concrete brick according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the material of described surface layer comprises the component of following weight part: cement 300 ~ 400 parts, toughener 10 ~ 20 parts, 1300 ~ 1500 parts, water reducer 2 ~ 4 part, meter sand, 90 ~ 110 parts, water.
4. a kind of high strength pervious concrete brick according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the material of described bottom comprises the component of following weight part: cement 300 ~ 350 parts, toughener 15 ~ 25 parts, water reducer 1.5 ~ 3.5 parts, 0 ~ 200 part, sand, melon seeds sheet 1350 ~ 1600 parts, 80 ~ 100 parts, water.
5. a kind of high strength pervious concrete brick according to claim 3, is characterized in that: the particle diameter of described rice sand is 1.18 ~ 2.36mm.
6. a kind of high strength pervious concrete brick according to claim 4, is characterized in that: the particle diameter of described melon seeds sheet is 5 ~ 10mm.
7. a kind of high strength pervious concrete brick according to claim 1, is characterized in that: prepare the cellular concrete material of described surface layer and described bottom by a layer-by-layer distribution compression moulding.
8. a kind of high strength pervious concrete brick according to claim 1 or 7, is characterized in that: the pressure of compression moulding is 80 ~ 100kN.
CN201610115297.5A 2016-03-01 2016-03-01 High-strength and permeable concrete brick CN105541373A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610115297.5A CN105541373A (en) 2016-03-01 2016-03-01 High-strength and permeable concrete brick

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610115297.5A CN105541373A (en) 2016-03-01 2016-03-01 High-strength and permeable concrete brick

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN105541373A true CN105541373A (en) 2016-05-04

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CN201610115297.5A CN105541373A (en) 2016-03-01 2016-03-01 High-strength and permeable concrete brick

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106045416A (en) * 2016-05-30 2016-10-26 山东金艺园林股份有限公司 Environment-friendly high-strength permeable brick
CN106478023A (en) * 2016-10-13 2017-03-08 上海玖鼎环保科技有限公司 Inorganic system permeable pavement material and preparation method thereof
CN107311540A (en) * 2017-07-06 2017-11-03 四川福星银通管业有限公司 A kind of water permeating board and preparation method thereof
CN108675719A (en) * 2018-06-01 2018-10-19 浙江寰龙环境科技有限公司 A kind of water-permeable brick and its preparation process of the infiltration of high intensity height
CN108818912A (en) * 2018-05-31 2018-11-16 姬永生 Prefabricated guide hole pervious concrete road pavement brick and its production system and technique
CN108947384A (en) * 2018-06-27 2018-12-07 湖北宇声环保科技有限公司 A kind of ecological permeable bricks and preparation method thereof

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1626472A (en) * 2003-12-12 2005-06-15 沈礼群 Environmental protection color pavement bricks
JP2012144432A (en) * 2008-12-12 2012-08-02 Kankyo Shizai Kk Concrete or mortar

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1626472A (en) * 2003-12-12 2005-06-15 沈礼群 Environmental protection color pavement bricks
JP2012144432A (en) * 2008-12-12 2012-08-02 Kankyo Shizai Kk Concrete or mortar

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
欧小燕等: ""彩色再生骨料透水路面砖的研究"", 《福建建材》 *

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106045416A (en) * 2016-05-30 2016-10-26 山东金艺园林股份有限公司 Environment-friendly high-strength permeable brick
CN106045416B (en) * 2016-05-30 2018-04-06 山东金艺城建股份有限公司 A kind of green high-strength water-permeable brick
CN106478023A (en) * 2016-10-13 2017-03-08 上海玖鼎环保科技有限公司 Inorganic system permeable pavement material and preparation method thereof
CN106478023B (en) * 2016-10-13 2019-07-05 上海玖鼎环保科技有限公司 Inorganic system's permeable pavement material and preparation method thereof
CN107311540A (en) * 2017-07-06 2017-11-03 四川福星银通管业有限公司 A kind of water permeating board and preparation method thereof
CN108818912A (en) * 2018-05-31 2018-11-16 姬永生 Prefabricated guide hole pervious concrete road pavement brick and its production system and technique
CN108675719A (en) * 2018-06-01 2018-10-19 浙江寰龙环境科技有限公司 A kind of water-permeable brick and its preparation process of the infiltration of high intensity height
CN108947384A (en) * 2018-06-27 2018-12-07 湖北宇声环保科技有限公司 A kind of ecological permeable bricks and preparation method thereof

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Application publication date: 20160504