CN108639941B - A kind of automatic place apparatus of steel construction multi-angle - Google Patents

A kind of automatic place apparatus of steel construction multi-angle Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108639941B
CN108639941B CN201810613187.0A CN201810613187A CN108639941B CN 108639941 B CN108639941 B CN 108639941B CN 201810613187 A CN201810613187 A CN 201810613187A CN 108639941 B CN108639941 B CN 108639941B
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China
Prior art keywords
plate
crawl
steel
locking
detent
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CN201810613187.0A
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CN108639941A (en
Inventor
莫小雨
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ZHENGYI GROUP Co.,Ltd.
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刘红军
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66CCRANES; LOAD-ENGAGING ELEMENTS OR DEVICES FOR CRANES, CAPSTANS, WINCHES, OR TACKLES
    • B66C1/00Load-engaging elements or devices attached to lifting or lowering gear of cranes or adapted for connection therewith for transmitting lifting forces to articles or groups of articles
    • B66C1/10Load-engaging elements or devices attached to lifting or lowering gear of cranes or adapted for connection therewith for transmitting lifting forces to articles or groups of articles by mechanical means
    • B66C1/42Gripping members engaging only the external or internal surfaces of the articles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66CCRANES; LOAD-ENGAGING ELEMENTS OR DEVICES FOR CRANES, CAPSTANS, WINCHES, OR TACKLES
    • B66C1/00Load-engaging elements or devices attached to lifting or lowering gear of cranes or adapted for connection therewith for transmitting lifting forces to articles or groups of articles
    • B66C1/10Load-engaging elements or devices attached to lifting or lowering gear of cranes or adapted for connection therewith for transmitting lifting forces to articles or groups of articles by mechanical means
    • B66C1/42Gripping members engaging only the external or internal surfaces of the articles
    • B66C1/44Gripping members engaging only the external or internal surfaces of the articles and applying frictional forces
    • B66C1/442Gripping members engaging only the external or internal surfaces of the articles and applying frictional forces actuated by lifting force

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of automatic place apparatus of steel construction multi-angle, including support baseboard, lifting device and grabbing device, lifting device is installed in the front top of the support baseboard, grabbing device is mounted on the rear end top of support baseboard;The lifting device includes lifting regulating mechanism, position-limit mechanism, fixed bottom plate, locking mechanism, the fixed branch in side and clamping mechanism;The grabbing device includes grabbing electronic sliding block, crawl telescopic mast, crawl top plate, crawl motor, crawl sliding slot, crawl slide bar, crawl support plate and grasping mechanism.Its angle can not be adjusted when the present invention is existing when can solve existing I-steel overhead hoist transport to carry out stable clamping to I-steel, I-steel handling has the hidden danger fallen, I-steel to be transmitted to installation site, I-steel transmission when can not carry out comprehensive fixation to I-steel, need when I-steel is transmitted to installation site manually the problems such as to be adjusted to its position.

Description

A kind of automatic place apparatus of steel construction multi-angle
Technical field
The present invention relates to construction steel structure technical field, in particular to a kind of automatic place apparatus of steel construction multi-angle.
Background technique
The structure that steel construction is made of steel material is one of main building construction types, and structure is mainly by fashioned iron It is widely used in greatly with the components composition such as girder steel, steel column, steel truss made of steel plate etc. because its self weight is lighter, and easy construction The fields such as type workshop, venue, Super High;Need first to build steel construction pillar and spreader, the pillar of steel construction when Construction of Steel Structure It is generally hollow square cylinder steel with spreader, then installation I-steel is set up on pillar and spreader, due to different designs I-steel is needed to may require that certain inclination angle or I-steel need the staggered installation in position when installing sometimes, this can be to I-shaped The conveyer belt of steel carrys out many problems.
The transmission of I-steel is generally completed by crane or hydraulic hoist, but the existing fixture of structure of I-steel can not Mating fixation is carried out to it, so that I-steel has security risk in transmission, specific I-steel is existing when handling transmits to be asked Topic is as follows, and I-steel is typically all rows of other side, can not stablize to it when carrying out to I-steel and grab transmission position Clamping, and I-steel handling has the hidden danger fallen, its angle can not be adjusted when I-steel needs the installation at inclination angle, It needs that its angle is adjusted by tool, and the angle after adjusting is easy to produce error, I-steel can not be to work when transmitting Word steel carries out comprehensive fixation, and I-steel transmission has security risk, and I-steel needs when being transmitted to installation site manually to it Position is adjusted.
Summary of the invention
To solve the above-mentioned problems, it the present invention provides a kind of automatic place apparatus of steel construction multi-angle, can solve existing Have it is existing when I-steel overhead hoist transport stable clamping can not be carried out to I-steel, I-steel handling has the hidden danger fallen, work I-steel can not be carried out when word steel can not be adjusted its angle when being transmitted to installation site, I-steel transmits comprehensive Fixed, I-steel transmission needs manually the difficulties such as to be adjusted to its position when having security risk, I-steel to be transmitted to installation site Topic;It may be implemented to carry out I-steel stable handling placement, comprehensive fixation carried out to I-steel, I-steel is transmitted to conjunction The function that right position is set, have I-steel can be carried out stable clamping, I-steel handling without fall hidden danger, I-steel transmission Its angle can be adjusted when to installation site, I-steel transmission when comprehensive fixation, work can be carried out to I-steel The advantages that transmission of word steel is automatically adjusted its position when being transmitted to installation site without security risk, I-steel.
To achieve the goals above, the present invention use following technical scheme, a kind of automatic place apparatus of steel construction multi-angle, Including support baseboard, lifting device and grabbing device, lifting device is installed in the front top of the support baseboard, grabs On device is mounted at the top of the rear end of support baseboard.
The lifting device includes lifting regulating mechanism, position-limit mechanism, fixed bottom plate, locking mechanism, the fixed branch in side And clamping mechanism, lifting regulating mechanism are mounted on the top of support baseboard, are equipped with fixation on the top of lifting regulating mechanism Bottom plate, position-limit mechanism are mounted on the right end of lifting regulating mechanism, are symmetrically arranged with sliding slot on the middle part upper surface of fixed bottom plate, Locking mechanism is installed, the left and right ends of locking mechanism are mounted on a clamping mechanism, lock machine on the middle part of fixed bottom plate The front and back sides of structure are symmetrically distributed with the fixed branch in side, and the fixed branch in side is mounted on the top of fixed bottom plate, when specific works, Lifting device can carry out stable fixation to I-steel, and I-steel is adjusted to suitable position and angle, so as to I-shaped Steel is mounted on original steel construction, and lifting device can also be when I-steel be placed on lifting device to the position of I-steel It is adjusted.
The grabbing device include grab electronic sliding block, crawl telescopic mast, crawl top plate, crawl motor, crawl sliding slot, Slide bar, crawl support plate and grasping mechanism are grabbed, the electronic sliding block of crawl, crawl are symmetrically installed on the left and right ends of support baseboard Crawl telescopic mast is installed, for crawl mounting of roof plate on the top of crawl telescopic mast, crawl motor is logical on the top of electronic sliding block It crosses motor set to be mounted on the bottom of crawl top plate, grabs and crawl support plate is installed on the output shaft of motor, crawl sliding slot peace On the top of crawl support plate, grabs and be symmetrically distributed with crawl slide bar on the outside of motor, grab top and the crawl of slide bar Top plate is connected, and the bottom for grabbing slide bar is connected by way of being slidably matched with crawl sliding slot, grabs the bottom of support plate Left and right ends are mounted on a grasping mechanism, and when specific works, I-steel can be grabbed and be placed into lifting dress by grabbing device It sets, position and the height of grasping mechanism can be adjusted by grabbing electronic sliding block and grabbing telescopic mast, and crawl motor, which can be adjusted, grabs The angle for taking mechanism enables I-steel being picked up and being placed on lifting device by stable.
As a preferred technical solution of the present invention, the lifting regulating mechanism include lifting hydraulic cylinder, lifter plate, No.1 spring, No.1 adjust push rod, adjustable plate, No. two springs and No. two adjusting push rods, and lifter plate is installed by lifting hydraulic cylinder On the top of support baseboard, the top of lifter plate is connected by hinge with the bottom of adjustable plate, is passed through at the top of adjustable plate Hinge is mounted on the bottom of fixed bottom plate, and No.1 adjusts right end top and the adjustable plate that push rod is mounted on lifter plate by hinge Right end bottom between, No.1 spring is mounted at the top of the left end of lifter plate between the left end bottom of adjustable plate, No. two adjustings Push rod is mounted on front side of the front side upper surface and fixed bottom plate of adjustable plate between lower end surface by hinge, and No. two springs are mounted on tune It saves between the rear side upper surface of plate and fixed floor rear lower end surface, when specific works, lifting regulating mechanism can adjust I-shaped The front and back inclination angle and left and right inclination angle of steel, enable I-steel to adjust specified angle, increase the installation effect of I-steel.
As a preferred technical solution of the present invention, the position-limit mechanism includes space limiting side plate, limited roller, idler wheel Push rod, limit movable stand, shifting roller, mobile putter, limit push rod, push rod is won in succession and limiting buffer block, space limiting side plate installation On the right side of lifter plate, limited roller is mounted on the right side middle part of space limiting side plate by idler wheel push rod, space limiting side plate Right side front and rear sides be provided with a sliding slot, on each sliding slot of space limiting side plate setting by way of being slidably matched It is connected with a limit movable stand, limits and shifting roller is installed on the right end medial surface of movable stand, limit the middle part of movable stand It is evenly arranged with ball on medial surface, limits and is connected at the top of the outside middle portion and mobile putter of movable stand, mobile putter Bottom be mounted on the side of space limiting side plate, the top front and rear sides of space limiting side plate are mounted on a push rod and win in succession, limit Buffer stopper is mounted on the top that push rod is won in succession by limiting push rod, and the upper end of limiting buffer block is provided with damping rubber block, tool When body running, position-limit mechanism can play the role of guiding when I-steel carries out the raising of position, when preventing I-steel from increasing The deviation of appearance position, position-limit mechanism can lock the support column of steel construction, adjust the position of mobile putter, so that mobile rolling Wheel touch the lateral surface of steel construction while limiting the front and back sides that the supermedial ball of movable stand can touch steel structure supporting column, It controls idler wheel push rod and carries out stretching motion, enable limited roller to touch the medial surface of steel structure supporting column, thus position restrainer Structure can lock four sides of steel structure supporting column, enable I-steel along the Vertical Square of steel structure supporting column To ascending motion is carried out, limiting buffer block can resist steel structure support top pillar when I-steel rises to suitable position, adjust The length of limit push rod can adjust the restraining position of limiting buffer block, and the damping rubber block on limiting buffer block plays buffering Effect.
As a preferred technical solution of the present invention, the locking mechanism includes locking slide plate, locking push rod, locking Support frame, locking hydraulic cylinder, locking win in succession, turning rolls, back-up roller wheel, lock card holder and card holder adjusting rod, lock the bottom of slide plate Portion is connected by way of being slidably matched with the sliding slot on fixed bottom plate, is locked and is provided with square groove on the right end of slide plate, is locked The bottom for determining on the medial surface of square groove, to lock push rod on slide plate is mounted at the top of push rod to be mounted at the top of the right end of fixed bottom plate On, lock support frame is mounted on the top of locking slide plate, and the upper end of lock support frame is evenly arranged with square hole, lock support frame Top on be evenly arranged with latch, I-steel, and latch on lock support frame are placed on the latch of lock support top of the trellis Position and square hole the interlaced arrangement in position, locking hydraulic cylinder be uniformly mounted on locking slide plate middle part upper surface on, lock Determine locking is installed on the top of hydraulic cylinder and win in succession, locks and turning rolls is uniformly installed on the top won in succession, the position of turning rolls It is corresponded with the position of lock support frame upper aperture, back-up roller wheel, locking branch is equipped with by pin shaft on each turning rolls Locking card holder is symmetrically installed with by pin shaft in the top outer of support, the inner end downside for locking card holder is reciprocal latch structure, often The outer end of a locking card holder is provided with a card holder adjusting rod, and card holder adjusting rod is mounted on locking card holder and locking by hinge Between support frame, when specific works, locking mechanism can be when I-steel be placed on lock support frame to the left and right of I-steel Position is adjusted, adjust good position I-steel locking mechanism can by its it is stable fix, prevent I-steel from transmitting When shake, generate security risk, when I-steel needs to carry out the adjusting of position, elongation locking hydraulic cylinder, back-up roller wheel The square groove that can be passed through on locking slide plate adjusts the angle of clamping mechanism so that back-up roller wheel is slightly above the latch of lock support frame Degree shrinks locking hydraulic cylinder so that the position of I-steel or so is corrected and blocked by clamping mechanism, and I-steel can be attached to On the latch of lock support frame, the length of card holder adjusting rod is adjusted, the reciprocal latch structure of locking card holder bottom is locked The lower end of I-steel, when I-steel rises to suitable height, adjust locking push rod length be able to drive locking slide plate into Row moves left and right, so that I-steel is located at suitable installation site.
As a preferred technical solution of the present invention, the fixed branch in the side includes heel post, side spreader, side rotating plate And lateral spring, heel post are mounted on the top of fixed bottom plate, and side spreader is equipped on the inner end of heel post, heel post and side are horizontal Column is stretching structure, is equipped with side rotating plate by pin shaft on the inner end of side spreader, lateral spring is mounted on the lower end surface of side rotating plate Between the top of side spreader, when specific works, the fixed branch in side is capable of outside middle portion to I-steel and I-steel It is fixed on the inside of upper end, heel post and side spreader are able to carry out stretching motion, so that in the inner end bottom I-steel of side spreader Portion's medial surface, side rotating plate can touch automatically I-steel upper end medial surface under the action of lateral spring at this time.
As a preferred technical solution of the present invention, the clamping mechanism include detent fixture block, detent win in succession, detent Rotary column, screens spring and detent adjust push rod, and detent, which is won in succession, to be mounted on the side of lock support frame, the lateral surface that detent is won in succession Detent rotary column is equipped with by pin shaft on middle part, detent fixture block is mounted on the upper end medial surface of detent rotary column by hinge, card Position spring is located at the outside of detent fixture block, and screens spring is mounted between detent fixture block and the upper end medial surface of detent rotary column, blocks Position adjusts push rod and is mounted between the detent lateral surface upper end won in succession and the medial surface middle part of detent rotary column by hinge, detent card Block is U-shaped structure, and the inner end upper and lower side of detent fixture block is inclined surface, and when specific works, clamping mechanism can be in I-shaped Its left-right position is adjusted when steel is placed on lock support frame, adjusts the length that detent adjusts push rod, detent fixture block energy Enough block the side of I-steel, the side of detent fixture block automatic attaching I-steel under the action of screens spring, in detent fixture block End is that the U-shaped structure of inclined surface can cooperate the structure of I-steel it to be fixed detent movement.
As a preferred technical solution of the present invention, the grasping mechanism includes squeezing electronic sliding block, squeezing and stretch Column, crawl connect block, crawl rotating plate and crawl spring, squeeze electronic sliding block and are mounted on the bottom of crawl support plate, squeeze electronic Extruding telescopic mast is installed, even block is symmetrically mounted on the bottom for squeezing telescopic mast for crawl, and crawl connects block on the bottom of sliding block Inside upper and lower ends pass through pin shaft and are equipped with a crawl rotating plate, and crawl spring is mounted on medial surface and the crawl of crawl rotating plate Even between the lateral surface of block, when specific works, grasping mechanism can complete the grasping movement of I-steel, adjust and squeeze telescopic mast Length adjusts the position for squeezing electronic sliding block, makes so that even the position of block inner end is corresponding with recess in I-steel middle part for crawl The upper and lower side that rotating plate touch recess in I-steel under the buffer function of crawl spring must be grabbed, even block can block work for crawl The medial surface of recess in word steel, so that I-steel is fixed.
When work, step 1: grabbing device can by I-steel grab be placed on lifting device, grab electronic sliding block with Crawl telescopic mast can adjust position and the height of grasping mechanism, and crawl motor can adjust the angle of grasping mechanism, gripper Structure can complete the grasping movement of I-steel, adjust the length for squeezing telescopic mast, so that crawl connects position and the I-shaped of block inner end Recess is corresponding in the middle part of steel, adjusts the position for squeezing electronic sliding block, so that crawl rotating plate is under the buffer function of crawl spring The upper and lower side of recess in I-steel is touched, even block can block the medial surface of recess in I-steel for crawl, thus I-steel quilt It fixes, control grabbing device is placed on I-steel is stable on lock support frame, step 2: lifting device can be to I-shaped Steel carries out stable fixation, and I-steel is adjusted to suitable position and angle, so that I-steel is mounted on original steel knot On structure, lifting device can also be adjusted the position of I-steel when I-steel is placed on lifting device, locking mechanism The left-right position of I-steel can be adjusted when I-steel is placed on lock support frame, adjust the I-steel of good position Locking mechanism can by its it is stable fix, prevent I-steel transmission when shake, generate security risk, work as I-steel When needing to carry out the adjusting of position, elongation locking hydraulic cylinder, back-up roller wheel can pass through the square groove on locking slide plate, so that support Idler wheel is slightly above the latch of lock support frame, adjusts the length that detent on clamping mechanism adjusts push rod, and detent fixture block can block The side of I-steel, the side of detent fixture block automatic attaching I-steel under the action of screens spring, detent fixture block inner end are to incline The U-shaped structure on inclined-plane can cooperate the structure of I-steel it to be fixed detent movement, shrink locking hydraulic cylinder, I-steel energy Enough be attached on the latch of lock support frame, adjust card holder adjusting rod length, enable locking card holder bottom reciprocal latch structure The lower end of I-steel is locked, the length that detent adjusts push rod is adjusted again, clamping mechanism is enabled firmly to lock work The side of word steel, the fixed branch in side, which is capable of on the inside of the upper end of outside middle portion and I-steel to I-steel, to be fixed, side Column and side spreader are able to carry out stretching motion, so that the inner end bottom I-steel inside middle portion face of side spreader, side rotating plate at this time I-steel upper end medial surface can be touched automatically under the action of lateral spring, when I-steel rises to suitable height, adjusted The length of locking push rod is able to drive locking slide plate and is moved left and right, so that I-steel is located at suitable installation site, lifting Regulating mechanism can adjust the front and back inclination angle and left and right inclination angle of I-steel, and I-steel is enabled to adjust specified angle, increase Add the installation effect of I-steel, position-limit mechanism can play the role of guiding when I-steel carries out the raising of position, prevent work The deviation of appearance position, position-limit mechanism can lock the support column of steel construction, adjust the position of mobile putter when word steel increases, Enable shifting roller to touch the lateral surface of steel construction while limiting the supermedial ball of movable stand and touch steel structure supporting column Front and back sides, control idler wheel push rod carry out stretching motion, enable limited roller to touch the medial surface of steel structure supporting column, To which position-limit mechanism can lock four sides of steel structure supporting column, enable I-steel along steel structure support The vertical direction of column carries out ascending motion, and limiting buffer block can resist steel structure support when I-steel rises to suitable position Top pillar, the length for adjusting limit push rod can adjust the restraining position of limiting buffer block, the damping rubber block on limiting buffer block Play the role of buffering, may be implemented to carry out I-steel stable handling placement, comprehensive fixation is carried out to I-steel, by work Word steel is transmitted to the function of suitable position.
The beneficial effects of the present invention are:
One, the present invention can solve existing when existing I-steel overhead hoist transport can not carry out stable folder to I-steel It takes, its angle can not be adjusted when I-steel handling has the hidden danger fallen, I-steel to be transmitted to installation site, I-steel passes Comprehensive fixation can not be carried out when sending to I-steel, I-steel transmits when having security risk, I-steel to be transmitted to installation site It needs manually the problems such as to be adjusted to its position;May be implemented to carry out I-steel stable handling place, to I-steel into I-steel, is transmitted to the function of suitable position by the comprehensive fixation of row, and stable clamping, I-shaped can be carried out to I-steel by having Steel handling can be adjusted its angle when being transmitted to installation site without the hidden danger that falls, I-steel, I-steel transmission when can To carry out comprehensive fixation to I-steel, it is automatically right when I-steel transmission is transmitted to installation site without security risk, I-steel The advantages that its position is adjusted;
Two, lifting regulating mechanism is provided on lifting device of the present invention, lifting regulating mechanism can be to the installation of I-steel Angle is adjusted, and lifting regulating mechanism can also control I-steel and carry out vertical motion;
Three, limited position mechanism is set on lifting device of the present invention, and position-limit mechanism can be by the support column of steel construction to work The transmission of word steel limits, and increases I-steel and transmits precision;
Four, it is provided with locking mechanism and clamping mechanism on lifting device of the present invention, locking mechanism is matched with clamping mechanism Its position can be adjusted when I-steel is placed on lock support frame, while can also be when I-steel is transmitted to it Carry out comprehensive locking;
Five, the present invention is provided with grabbing device, and I-steel can be carried out stable crawl by grabbing device, and by I-steel It is placed on lifting device after carrying out the adjusting of angle.
Detailed description of the invention
Present invention will be further explained below with reference to the attached drawings and examples.
Fig. 1 is structural schematic diagram of the invention;
Fig. 2 is that grabbing device removal of the present invention grabs electronic sliding block and grabs the structural schematic diagram after telescopic mast;
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram of position-limit mechanism of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram between the fixed bottom plate of the present invention, locking mechanism, the fixed branch in side and clamping mechanism;
Fig. 5 is the structural schematic diagram of the fixed branch in side of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is the structural schematic diagram between the fixed bottom plate of the present invention and locking mechanism.
Specific embodiment
In order to be easy to understand the technical means, the creative features, the aims and the efficiencies achieved by the present invention, tie below Conjunction is specifically illustrating, and the present invention is further explained.It should be noted that in the absence of conflict, embodiment in the application and Feature in embodiment can be combined with each other.
As shown in Figures 1 to 6, a kind of automatic place apparatus of steel construction multi-angle, including support baseboard 1,2 and of lifting device Grabbing device 3 is equipped with lifting device 2 in the front top of the support baseboard 1, and grabbing device 3 is mounted on support baseboard 1 Rear end at the top of on.
The lifting device 2 includes lifting regulating mechanism 21, position-limit mechanism 22, fixed bottom plate 23, locking mechanism 24, side Fixed branch 25 and clamping mechanism 26, lifting regulating mechanism 21 are mounted on the top of support baseboard 1, lifting regulating mechanism 21 Fixed bottom plate 23 is installed, position-limit mechanism 22 is mounted on the right end of lifting regulating mechanism 21, in fixed bottom plate 23 on top It is symmetrically arranged with sliding slot on portion upper surface, locking mechanism 24, the left and right of locking mechanism 24 are installed on the middle part of fixed bottom plate 23 Both ends are mounted on a clamping mechanism 26, and the front and back sides of locking mechanism 24 are symmetrically distributed with the fixed branch 25 in side, and side is fixed Branch 25 is mounted on the top of fixed bottom plate 23, and when specific works, lifting device 2 can carry out stable consolidate to I-steel It is fixed, and I-steel is adjusted to suitable position and angle, so that I-steel is mounted on original steel construction, lifting device 2 The position of I-steel can also be adjusted when I-steel is placed on lifting device 2.
The grabbing device 3 include grab electronic sliding block 31, crawl telescopic mast 32, crawl top plate 33, crawl motor 34, Sliding slot 35, crawl slide bar 36, crawl support plate 37 and grasping mechanism 38 are grabbed, is symmetrically installed on the left and right ends of support baseboard 1 There is the electronic sliding block 31 of crawl, grab and crawl telescopic mast 32 is installed on the top of electronic sliding block 31, crawl top plate 33, which is mounted on, grabs On the top for taking telescopic mast 32, crawl motor 34 is mounted on the bottom of crawl top plate 33 by motor set, crawl motor 34 Crawl support plate 37 is installed, crawl sliding slot 35 is mounted on the top of crawl support plate 37, crawl motor 34 on output shaft Outside is symmetrically distributed with crawl slide bar 36, and the top for grabbing slide bar 36 is connected with crawl top plate 33, grabs the bottom of slide bar 36 It is connected by way of being slidably matched with crawl sliding slot 35, the bottom left and right ends of crawl support plate 37 are mounted on one and grab Take mechanism 38, when specific works, I-steel can be grabbed and is placed on lifting device 2 by grabbing device 3, grab electronic sliding block 31 Position and the height of grasping mechanism 38 can be adjusted with crawl telescopic mast 32, crawl motor 34 can adjust the angle of grasping mechanism 38 Degree, enables I-steel being picked up and being placed on lifting device 2 by stable.
The lifting regulating mechanism 21 includes lifting hydraulic cylinder 211, lifter plate 212, No.1 spring 213, No.1 adjusting Push rod 214,215, No. two springs 216 of adjustable plate and No. two adjusting push rods 217, lifter plate 212 are installed by lifting hydraulic cylinder 211 On the top of support baseboard 1, the top of lifter plate 212 is connected by hinge with the bottom of adjustable plate 215, adjustable plate 215 Top be mounted on by hinge on the bottom of fixed bottom plate 23, No.1 adjusts push rod 214 and by hinge is mounted on lifter plate 212 Right end at the top of between the right end bottom of adjustable plate 215, No.1 spring 213 is mounted at the top of the left end of lifter plate 212 and adjusts Between the left end bottom for saving plate 215, No. two adjust push rods 217 and are mounted on the front side upper surface of adjustable plate 215 by hinge and consolidate Determine between 23 front side lower end surface of bottom plate, No. two springs 216 are mounted on 23 rear side of rear side upper surface and fixed bottom plate of adjustable plate 215 Between lower end surface, when specific works, lifting regulating mechanism 21 can adjust the front and back inclination angle and left and right inclination angle of I-steel, so that work Word steel can adjust specified angle, increase the installation effect of I-steel.
The position-limit mechanism 22 includes space limiting side plate 221, limited roller 222, idler wheel push rod 223, limit movable stand 224, shifting roller 225, mobile putter 226, limit push rod 227, push rod are won in succession 228 and limiting buffer block 229, space limiting side plate 221 are mounted on the right side of lifter plate 212, and limited roller 222 is mounted on the right side of space limiting side plate 221 by idler wheel push rod 223 On in the middle part of end face, the right side front and rear sides of space limiting side plate 221 are provided with each of a sliding slot, the setting of space limiting side plate 221 A limit movable stand 224 is connected on sliding slot by way of being slidably matched, on the right end medial surface for limiting movable stand 224 Shifting roller 225 is installed, limits and is evenly arranged with ball on the inside middle portion face of movable stand 224, is limited in movable stand 224 Portion's lateral surface is connected with the top of mobile putter 226, and the bottom of mobile putter 226 is mounted on the side of space limiting side plate 221, The top front and rear sides of space limiting side plate 221 are mounted on a push rod and win 228 in succession, and limiting buffer block 229 passes through limit push rod 227 Be mounted on push rod win in succession 228 top on, the upper end of limiting buffer block 229 is provided with damping rubber block, when specific works, limit Mechanism 22 can play the role of guiding when I-steel carries out the raising of position, and appearance position is inclined when preventing I-steel from increasing Difference, position-limit mechanism 22 can lock the support column of steel construction, adjust the position of mobile putter 226, so that shifting roller 225 is pasted Firmly the lateral surface of steel construction limits the front and back sides that the supermedial ball of movable stand 224 can touch steel structure supporting column simultaneously, It controls idler wheel push rod 223 and carries out stretching motion, limited roller 222 is enabled to touch the medial surface of steel structure supporting column, thus Position-limit mechanism 22 can lock four sides of steel structure supporting column, enable I-steel along steel structure supporting column Vertical direction carry out ascending motion, limiting buffer block 229 can resist steel construction branch when I-steel rises to suitable position Support column, the length for adjusting limit push rod 227 can adjust the restraining position of limiting buffer block 229, on limiting buffer block 229 Damping rubber block plays the role of buffering.
The locking mechanism 24 includes locking slide plate 241, locking push rod 242, lock support frame 243, locking hydraulic cylinder 244,245, turning rolls 246 of winning in succession, back-up roller wheel 247, locking card holder 248 and card holder adjusting rod 249 are locked, slide plate 241 is locked Bottom be connected by way of being slidably matched with the sliding slot on fixed bottom plate 23, lock and be provided on the right end of slide plate 241 Square groove, the top of locking push rod 242, which is mounted on, determines on slide plate 241 on the medial surface of square groove, and the bottom of locking push rod 242 is mounted on On at the top of the right end of fixed bottom plate 23, lock support frame 243 is mounted on the top of locking slide plate 241, lock support frame 243 Upper end is evenly arranged with square hole, and latch, the card at 243 top of lock support frame are evenly arranged on the top of lock support frame 243 It is placed with I-steel on tooth, and the interlaced arrangement in the position of latch and the position of square hole on lock support frame 243, locks hydraulic Cylinder 244 is uniformly mounted on the middle part upper surface of locking slide plate 241, is equipped with locking on the top of locking hydraulic cylinder 244 and is won in succession 245, locking win in succession 245 top on turning rolls 246 is uniformly installed, 243 top of position and lock support frame of turning rolls 246 The position in hole corresponds, and is equipped with back-up roller wheel 247, the top of lock support frame 243 by pin shaft on each turning rolls 246 Locking card holder 248 is symmetrically installed with by pin shaft on the outside of portion, the inner end downside of locking card holder 248 is reciprocal latch structure, each The outer end of locking card holder 248 is provided with a card holder adjusting rod 249, and card holder adjusting rod 249 is mounted on locking card by hinge Between frame 248 and lock support frame 243, when specific works, locking mechanism 24 can be placed into lock support frame 243 in I-steel The left-right position of I-steel was adjusted when upper, the I-steel locking mechanism 24 for adjusting good position can be by its stable fixation Firmly, it prevents I-steel from shaking in transmission, generates security risk, when I-steel needs to carry out the adjusting of position, elongation Hydraulic cylinder 244 is locked, back-up roller wheel 247 can pass through the square groove on locking slide plate 241, so that back-up roller wheel 247 is slightly above locked Determine the latch of support frame 243, the angle of clamping mechanism 26 is adjusted, so that the position of I-steel or so is corrected and by detent machine Structure 26 blocks, and shrinks locking hydraulic cylinder 244, and I-steel can be attached on the latch of lock support frame 243, adjusts card holder adjusting rod 249 length enables the reciprocal latch structure of locking 248 bottom of card holder to lock the lower end of I-steel, when I-steel rises to When suitable height, the length for adjusting locking push rod 242 is able to drive locking slide plate 241 and is moved left and right, so that I-steel Positioned at suitable installation site.
The fixed branch 25 in the side includes heel post 251, side spreader 252, side rotating plate 253 and lateral spring 254, heel post 251 are mounted on the top of fixed bottom plate 23, and side spreader 252 is equipped on the inner end of heel post 251, and heel post 251 and side are horizontal Column 252 is stretching structure, is equipped with side rotating plate 253 by pin shaft on the inner end of side spreader 252, lateral spring 254 is mounted on side Between the lower end surface of rotating plate 253 and the top of side spreader 252, when specific works, the fixed branch 25 in side can be in I-steel It is fixed on the inside of the upper end of portion's lateral surface and I-steel, heel post 251 and side spreader 252 are able to carry out stretching motion, make The inner end bottom I-steel inside middle portion face of side spreader 252 is obtained, side rotating plate 253 can be under the action of lateral spring 254 certainly at this time It is dynamic to touch I-steel upper end medial surface.
The clamping mechanism 26 includes that detent fixture block 261, detent are won in succession 262, detent rotary column 263,264 and of screens spring Detent adjusts push rod 265, and detent, which is won in succession, 262 to be mounted on the side of lock support frame 243, detent win in succession 262 lateral surface in Detent rotary column 263 is equipped with by pin shaft in portion, detent fixture block 261 is mounted on the inside of the upper end of detent rotary column 263 by hinge On face, screens spring 264 is located at the outside of detent fixture block 261, and screens spring 264 is mounted on detent fixture block 261 and detent rotary column Between 263 upper end medial surface, detent adjust push rod 265 by hinge be mounted on detent win in succession 262 lateral surface upper end with block Between in the middle part of the medial surface of position rotary column 263, detent fixture block 261 is U-shaped structure, and the inner end upper and lower side of detent fixture block 261 is equal For inclined surface, when specific works, clamping mechanism 26 can be when I-steel be placed on lock support frame 243 to its left-right position It is adjusted, adjusts the length that detent adjusts push rod 265, detent fixture block 261 can block the side of I-steel, detent fixture block 261 under the action of screens spring 264 automatic attaching I-steel side, 261 inner end of detent fixture block be inclined surface U-shaped structure The structure of I-steel can be cooperated it to be fixed detent movement.
The grasping mechanism 38 includes the electronic sliding block 381 of extruding, squeezes telescopic mast 382, crawl even block 383, crawl turn Plate 384 and crawl spring 385, squeeze electronic sliding block 381 and are mounted on the bottom of crawl support plate 37, squeeze electronic sliding block 381 Bottom on be equipped with squeeze telescopic mast 382, crawl even block 383 be symmetrically mounted on squeeze telescopic mast 382 bottom on, crawl connect The inside upper and lower ends of block 383 pass through pin shaft and are equipped with a crawl rotating plate 384, and crawl spring 385 is mounted on crawl rotating plate 384 medial surface and crawl be even between the lateral surface of block 383, and when specific works, grasping mechanism 38 can complete grabbing for I-steel Movement is taken, the length for squeezing telescopic mast 382 is adjusted, so that crawl connects recess phase in the middle part of the position and I-steel of 383 inner end of block It is corresponding, the position for squeezing electronic sliding block 381 is adjusted, so that crawl rotating plate 384 touch work under the buffer function of crawl spring 385 The upper and lower side of recess in word steel, even block 383 can block the medial surface of recess in I-steel for crawl, so that I-steel is fixed Firmly.
When work, it is placed on lifting device 2 step 1: grabbing device 3 can grab I-steel, grabs electronic sliding block 31 can adjust position and the height of grasping mechanism 38 with crawl telescopic mast 32, and crawl motor 34 can adjust grasping mechanism 38 Angle, grasping mechanism 38 can complete the grasping movement of I-steel, adjust the length for squeezing telescopic mast 382, so that crawl connects block The position of 383 inner ends is corresponding with recess in I-steel middle part, adjusts the position for squeezing electronic sliding block 381, so that crawl rotating plate 384 touch the upper and lower side of recess in I-steel under the buffer function of crawl spring 385, and even block 383 can block work for crawl The medial surface of recess in word steel, so that I-steel is fixed, stable being placed on of I-steel is locked branch by control grabbing device 3 On support 243, step 2: lifting device 2 can carry out stable fixation to I-steel, and I-steel is adjusted to suitable position It sets and angle, so that I-steel is mounted on original steel construction, lifting device 2 can also be placed on lifting device in I-steel The position of I-steel is adjusted when on 2, locking mechanism 24 can be when I-steel be placed on lock support frame 243 to work The left-right position of word steel is adjusted, adjust good position I-steel locking mechanism 24 can by its it is stable fix, prevent I-steel shakes in transmission, generates security risk, and when I-steel needs to carry out the adjusting of position, elongation locking is hydraulic Cylinder 244, back-up roller wheel 247 can pass through the square groove on locking slide plate 241, so that back-up roller wheel 247 is slightly above lock support frame 243 latch, adjusts the length that detent on clamping mechanism 26 adjusts push rod 265, and detent fixture block 261 can block the side of I-steel Face, the side of automatic attaching I-steel under the action of screens spring 264 of detent fixture block 261,261 inner end of detent fixture block are inclination The U-shaped structure in face can cooperate the structure of I-steel it to be fixed detent movement, shrink locking hydraulic cylinder 244, I-steel It can be attached on the latch of lock support frame 243, adjust the length of card holder adjusting rod 249, so that the card of locking 248 bottom of card holder Toothing can lock the lower end of I-steel, adjust the length that detent adjusts push rod 265 again, enable clamping mechanism 26 Firmly lock the side of I-steel, the fixed branch 25 in side is capable of the upper end of outside middle portion and I-steel to I-steel Inside is fixed, and heel post 251 and side spreader 252 are able to carry out stretching motion, so that the inner end bottom I-shaped of side spreader 252 Steel inside middle portion face, side rotating plate 253 can touch automatically I-steel upper end medial surface under the action of lateral spring 254 at this time, when When I-steel rises to suitable height, the length for adjusting locking push rod 242 is able to drive locking slide plate 241 and carries out left and right shifting Dynamic, so that I-steel is located at suitable installation site, lifting regulating mechanism 21 can adjust the front and back inclination angle and left and right of I-steel Inclination angle enables I-steel to adjust specified angle, increases the installation effect of I-steel, and position-limit mechanism 22 can be in I-shaped Steel carries out playing the role of guiding when the raising of position, the deviation of appearance position when preventing I-steel from increasing, 22 energy of position-limit mechanism The support column of steel construction is enough locked, the position of mobile putter 226 is adjusted, so that shifting roller 225 touch the outside of steel construction Face limits the front and back sides that the supermedial ball of movable stand 224 can touch steel structure supporting column simultaneously, controls idler wheel push rod 223 Stretching motion is carried out, limited roller 222 is enabled to touch the medial surface of steel structure supporting column, so that position-limit mechanism 22 can incite somebody to action Four sides of steel structure supporting column are locked, and I-steel is carried out along the vertical direction of steel structure supporting column Elevator is dynamic, and limiting buffer block 229 can resist steel structure support top pillar when I-steel rises to suitable position, adjusts limit and pushes away The length of bar 227 can adjust the restraining position of limiting buffer block 229, and the damping rubber block on limiting buffer block 229 plays slow The effect of punching may be implemented to carry out I-steel stable handling placement, carry out comprehensive fixation to I-steel, I-steel is passed It is sent to the function of suitable position, solve existing when existing I-steel overhead hoist transport can not carry out stable folder to I-steel It takes, its angle can not be adjusted when I-steel handling has the hidden danger fallen, I-steel to be transmitted to installation site, I-steel passes Comprehensive fixation can not be carried out when sending to I-steel, I-steel transmits when having security risk, I-steel to be transmitted to installation site It needs manually the problems such as to be adjusted to its position, has reached purpose.
The basic principles, main features and advantages of the invention have been shown and described above.The technical staff of the industry should Understand, the present invention is not limited to the above embodiments, and only illustrating for the description in above embodiments and description is of the invention Principle, without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, various changes and improvements may be made to the invention, these change and change Into all fall within the protetion scope of the claimed invention.The claimed scope of the invention is by appended claims and its equivalent It defines.

Claims (3)

1. a kind of automatic place apparatus of steel construction multi-angle, including support baseboard (1), lifting device (2) and grabbing device (3), It is characterized by: being equipped with lifting device (2) in the front top of the support baseboard (1), grabbing device (3) is mounted on branch It supports at the top of the rear end of bottom plate (1);Wherein:
The lifting device (2) includes lifting regulating mechanism (21), position-limit mechanism (22), fixed bottom plate (23), locking mechanism (24), side fixed branch (25) and clamping mechanism (26), lifting regulating mechanism (21) are mounted on the top of support baseboard (1), It is equipped on the top of lifting regulating mechanism (21) fixed bottom plate (23), position-limit mechanism (22) is mounted on lifting regulating mechanism (21) Right end on, sliding slot is symmetrically arranged on the middle part upper surface of fixed bottom plate (23), is equipped on the middle part of fixed bottom plate (23) Locking mechanism (24), the left and right ends of locking mechanism (24) are mounted on a clamping mechanism (26), before locking mechanism (24) Trailing flank is symmetrically distributed with side and fixes branch (25), and side fixed branch (25) are mounted on the top of fixed bottom plate (23);
The grabbing device (3) includes grabbing electronic sliding block (31), crawl telescopic mast (32), crawl top plate (33), crawl electricity Machine (34), crawl sliding slot (35), crawl slide bar (36), crawl support plate (37) and grasping mechanism (38), a left side for support baseboard (1) It is symmetrically installed with the electronic sliding block (31) of crawl on right both ends, grabs and crawl telescopic mast is installed on the top of electronic sliding block (31) (32), crawl top plate (33) is mounted on the top of crawl telescopic mast (32), and crawl motor (34) is mounted on by motor set grabs On the bottom for taking top plate (33), grabs and crawl support plate (37) is installed on the output shaft of motor (34), crawl sliding slot (35) peace On the top of crawl support plate (37), it is symmetrically distributed with crawl slide bar (36) on the outside of crawl motor (34), grabs slide bar (36) top with crawl top plate (33) be connected, grab slide bar (36) bottom by way of being slidably matched with crawl sliding slot (35) it is connected, the bottom left and right ends of crawl support plate (37) are mounted on a grasping mechanism (38);
The lifting regulating mechanism (21) includes lifting hydraulic cylinder (211), lifter plate (212), No.1 spring (213), No.1 It adjusts push rod (214), adjustable plate (215), No. two springs (216) and No. two adjusting push rods (217), lifter plate (212) and passes through liter Descending liquid cylinder pressure (211) is mounted on the top of support baseboard (1), and the top of lifter plate (212) passes through hinge and adjustable plate (215) Bottom be connected, the top of adjustable plate (215) is mounted on the bottom of fixed bottom plate (23) by hinge, No.1 adjust push rod (214) it is mounted on by hinge at the top of the right end of lifter plate (212) between the right end bottom of adjustable plate (215), No.1 spring (213) it is mounted at the top of the left end of lifter plate (212) between the left end bottom of adjustable plate (215), No. two adjusting push rods (217) It is mounted on front side of the front side upper surface and fixed bottom plate (23) of adjustable plate (215) between lower end surface by hinge, No. two springs (216) it is mounted on rear side of the rear side upper surface and fixed bottom plate (23) of adjustable plate (215) between lower end surface;
The position-limit mechanism (22) includes space limiting side plate (221), limited roller (222), idler wheel push rod (223), limit movement Frame (224), shifting roller (225), mobile putter (226), limit push rod (227), push rod are won in succession (228) and limiting buffer block (229), space limiting side plate (221) is mounted on the right side of lifter plate (212), and limited roller (222) passes through idler wheel push rod (223) On being mounted in the middle part of the right side of space limiting side plate (221), the right side front and rear sides of space limiting side plate (221) are provided with a cunning Slot, space limiting side plate (221) setting each sliding slot on a limit movable stand is connected with by way of being slidably matched (224), it limits and is equipped with shifting roller (225) on the right end medial surface of movable stand (224), limit the middle part of movable stand (224) Ball is evenly arranged on medial surface, the outside middle portion of limit movable stand (224) is connected with the top of mobile putter (226) It connects, the bottom of mobile putter (226) is mounted on the side of space limiting side plate (221), the top front and rear sides of space limiting side plate (221) It is mounted on a push rod to win in succession (228), limiting buffer block (229) is mounted on push rod by limit push rod (227) and wins (228) in succession Top on, the upper end of limiting buffer block (229) is provided with damping rubber block;
The locking mechanism (24) includes locking slide plate (241), locking push rod (242), lock support frame (243), locking liquid Cylinder pressure (244), locking win in succession (245), turning rolls (246), back-up roller wheel (247), lock card holder (248) and card holder adjusting rod (249), the bottom for locking slide plate (241) is connected by way of being slidably matched with the sliding slot on fixed bottom plate (23), is locked It is provided with square groove on the right end of slide plate (241), is mounted on the inside for determining square groove on slide plate (241) at the top of locking push rod (242) On face, the bottom of locking push rod (242) is mounted on the right end top of fixed bottom plate (23), and lock support frame (243) is mounted on On the top for locking slide plate (241), the upper end of lock support frame (243) is evenly arranged with square hole, the top of lock support frame (243) Latch is evenly arranged in portion, and on lock support frame (243) position and square hole of latch the interlaced arrangement in position, locking Hydraulic cylinder (244) is uniformly mounted on the middle part upper surface of locking slide plate (241), is locked and is installed on the top of hydraulic cylinder (244) There is locking to win in succession (245), locking win in succession (245) top on be uniformly equipped with turning rolls (246), the position of turning rolls (246) It is corresponded with the position of lock support frame (243) upper aperture, back-up roller is equipped with by pin shaft on each turning rolls (246) It takes turns (247), locking card holder (248) is symmetrically installed with by pin shaft in the top outer of lock support frame (243), lock card holder (248) inner end downside is reciprocal latch structure, and the outer end of each locking card holder (248) is provided with a card holder adjusting rod (249), card holder adjusting rod (249) is mounted between locking card holder (248) and lock support frame (243) by hinge;
The clamping mechanism (26) include detent fixture block (261), detent win in succession (262), detent rotary column (263), screens spring (264) and detent adjust push rod (265), detent win in succession (262) be mounted on the side of lock support frame (243), detent is won in succession (262) it is equipped with detent rotary column (263) in the middle part of lateral surface by pin shaft, detent fixture block (261) is mounted on card by hinge On the upper end medial surface of position rotary column (263), screens spring (264) is located at the outside of detent fixture block (261), screens spring (264) It is mounted between detent fixture block (261) and the upper end medial surface of detent rotary column (263), detent adjusts push rod (265) and passes through hinge It is mounted on detent to win in succession between the lateral surface upper end of (262) and the medial surface middle part of detent rotary column (263), detent fixture block (261) For U-shaped structure, and the inner end upper and lower side of detent fixture block (261) is inclined surface.
2. a kind of automatic place apparatus of steel construction multi-angle according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the side is fixed Branch (25) includes heel post (251), side spreader (252), side rotating plate (253) and lateral spring (254), heel post (251) installation It on the top of fixed bottom plate (23), is equipped on the inner end of heel post (251) side spreader (252), heel post (251) and side are horizontal Column (252) is stretching structure, is equipped with side rotating plate (253) on the inner end of side spreader (252) by pin shaft, lateral spring (254) It is mounted between the lower end surface of side rotating plate (253) and the top of side spreader (252).
3. a kind of automatic place apparatus of steel construction multi-angle according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the gripper Structure (38) includes squeezing electronic sliding block (381), squeezing telescopic mast (382), the company of crawl block (383), crawl rotating plate (384) and grab Spring (385) squeezes electronic sliding block (381) and is symmetrically mounted on the bottom of crawl support plate (37), squeezes electronic sliding block (381) Bottom on be equipped with squeeze telescopic mast (382), crawl even block (383) be mounted on squeeze telescopic mast (382) bottom on, crawl The inside upper and lower ends for connecting block (383) pass through pin shaft and are equipped with a crawl rotating plate (384), and crawl spring (385) is mounted on The medial surface and crawl for grabbing rotating plate (384) connect between the lateral surface of block (383).
CN201810613187.0A 2018-06-14 2018-06-14 A kind of automatic place apparatus of steel construction multi-angle Active CN108639941B (en)

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CN111151948A (en) * 2020-01-08 2020-05-15 程笔云 Steel construction concatenation is welded and is adorned preparation frock clamp

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CN110965641A (en) * 2019-11-25 2020-04-07 张美姣 Installation and construction method of prefabricated steel structural component of fabricated building
CN110965641B (en) * 2019-11-25 2021-02-12 广东省城规建设监理有限公司 Installation and construction method of prefabricated steel structural component of fabricated building
CN111151948A (en) * 2020-01-08 2020-05-15 程笔云 Steel construction concatenation is welded and is adorned preparation frock clamp
CN111151948B (en) * 2020-01-08 2021-08-13 山东卢氏钢结构工程有限公司 Steel construction concatenation is welded and is adorned preparation frock clamp

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