CN108607671A - A kind of building waste dry type taxonomic revision method - Google Patents

A kind of building waste dry type taxonomic revision method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108607671A
CN108607671A CN201810481476.XA CN201810481476A CN108607671A CN 108607671 A CN108607671 A CN 108607671A CN 201810481476 A CN201810481476 A CN 201810481476A CN 108607671 A CN108607671 A CN 108607671A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
rubbish
light
separation
pigeonholes
sorting
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Granted
Application number
CN201810481476.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN108607671B (en
Inventor
丁春梅
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Zhejiang Shuangjin Machinery Group Co Ltd
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Zhejiang Shuangjin Machinery Group Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201810481476.XA priority Critical patent/CN108607671B/en
Publication of CN108607671A publication Critical patent/CN108607671A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C21/00Disintegrating plant with or without drying of the material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/08Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating
    • B02C23/14Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating with more than one separator
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C2201/00Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials
    • B02C2201/06Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials for garbage, waste or sewage

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of building waste dry type taxonomic revision methods, include the following steps:Feeding and small garbage separating step;Soft light rubbish separating step;Broken iron removal;Weight rubbish separating step.It the advantage is that, separation of each mechanism to different rubbish in entire method for sorting, substantially increase the efficiency of entire separation system, while secondary classification concentration is carried out to weight rubbish, reduce worker's workload.

Description

A kind of building waste dry type taxonomic revision method
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of waste treatment more particularly to a kind of building waste dry type taxonomic revision methods.
Background technology
With the fast development of urban construction, the process for reconstruction of removing brings a large amount of building waste, they are according to next Source can be divided into:Old building removes rubbish, construction site rubbish, Decoration wastes and production of construction materials rubbish, these building rubbish The type of rubbish is various including the compositions such as sandstone block, broken concrete, reinforcing bar, waste and old wood and discarded ornament materials.Due to comprising Various types of material, volume and quality are all different, and bad sieve is often encountered when being recycled to it The problem of choosing separation.
For tangling the rubbish such as the soft package material being blended in sandstone block, broken concrete and tiny plank, sort Mode is mainly selection by winnowing or wet concentration, and the separating effect of selection by winnowing is bad, and rubbish surface residual sewage after wet concentration, causes additional Sewage pollution, such as patent:Load in mixture recycling municipal solid waste processing method (publication number:CN1022319722 in), for Lightweight object, polybag, paper, wood, leather-like etc. carry out artificial separation classification reuse, and the efficiency of artificial separation is too low, work Environment is poor, and with the raising of wage for workmen, and cost is also gradually increased.Enlargement of cities speed is accelerated at present, and what is generated daily builds Building refuse is more than ten million ton, how to improve the task of top priority that the efficiency of separation is building waste processing.
Invention content
For overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, the purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of building waste dry type taxonomic revision sides Method improves refuse classification efficiency.
The purpose of the present invention adopts the following technical scheme that realization:
A kind of building waste dry type taxonomic revision method, includes the following steps:
Feeding and small garbage separating step will be placed on by pretreated rubbish on the feeding end of oscillating feeder, Simultaneously rubbish disperses and bounds forward vibrating feed machine vibration, and the small garbage being included in is filtered from small garbage separating mechanism Go out;
Soft light rubbish separating step, residual refuse fall into the first mechanism for sorting, and soft light rubbish wherein included is through cross The soft light rubbish grabbing device crawl separation being placed on the first mechanism for sorting, the light rubbish of hard and weight rubbish are through the first category set After middle mechanism categories are concentrated, the light rubbish of macrotype hard is through manually picking initial gross separation;
Broken iron removal, residual refuse is conveyed into crusher through the first transmission belt and is crushed, then from crusher Broken outlet fall into the second transmission belt, be then set iron remover in the second transmission belt and detach metal rubbish therein Rubbish;
Weight rubbish separating step falls into the second mechanism for sorting by broken rubbish, then passes through in the second category set Mechanism categories are concentrated, and light rubbish enters the secondary mechanism for sorting of light rubbish, and weight rubbish is fallen into discharging band.
Further, feeding and small garbage separating step include
Small garbage collection step:Small garbage separating mechanism includes several filter pockets being arranged in oscillating feeder end, The small garbage for being moved to oscillating feeder end enters the collecting chamber being located at below filter pocket from filter pocket, then falls into small garbage On conveyer belt, small garbage collecting bin is transported to through small garbage conveyer belt.
Further, the small garbage collection step includes
Fine metal rubbish separating step:Small garbage into collecting chamber passes through electromagnet, fine metal rubbish therein Rubbish is sucked by electromagnet, and Other Waste falls into small garbage conveyer belt, the fine metal rubbish of constant weight to be collected from collecting chamber After rubbish, oscillating feeder is stopped, and opens and opens and closes mouth, electromagnet power-off, and fine metal rubbish opens and closes mouth from mouth discharge is opened and closed It closes, oscillating feeder works on.
Further, soft light rubbish separating step includes first separating step:
It is less than 500mm by pretreated rubbish size, the first pigeonholes of the first mechanism for sorting is in the second vibrating mechanism Drive under, to thereon rubbish carry out vibration dispersion, the first pigeonholes surface it is several first separation bands rubbish is divided Every the distance between adjacent first separation band is more than 500mm, and rubbish bounds forward between the first adjacent separation band, piece Shape rubbish goes to first outlet, spherical rubbish to skip the first separation band by the first separation band blocking and along the first separation tape travel Straight ahead goes to second outlet.
Further, soft light rubbish separating step includes hooking up step:First pigeonholes is by rubbish Separation by vibration, uniformly It is distributed between separation band, the hook section in soft light rubbish grabbing device is moved to the first pigeonholes under the transmission of conveyer belt Top hooks up the soft light rubbish between separation band, then leaves the first pigeonholes under the transmission of conveyer belt, on hook section Soft light rubbish is in the end of conveyer belt through manual cleaning or device for discharging discharging.
Further, the weight rubbish separating step includes the following steps:
It is less than 200mm through the broken rubbish size of destruction step, is fallen through the conveying of the second conveyer belt by broken rubbish On the second pigeonholes, the second pigeonholes of the second mechanism for sorting under the drive of scattered vibrating mechanism, to rubbish thereon into Several second separation bands of row vibration dispersion, the second pigeonholes surface are separated rubbish, between the adjacent second separation band Distance be more than 200mm, rubbish bounds forward between adjacent second separation band, and the light rubbish of sheet is by the second separation band blocking And along the second separation tape travel, it is gathered in light garbage outlet, weight rubbish is close to spherical shape after crushing, skips the second separation band straight line Advance, goes to discharge port.
Further, the weight rubbish separating step includes light rubbish secondary separation step:
The light rubbish of sheet enters the secondary mechanism for sorting of light rubbish from light garbage outlet, falls in tiling stage, and tiling stage is the It is vibrated under the action of four vibrating mechanisms, the light rubbish of sheet is made to be laid in tiling stage, fallen successively from the mouth that falls of tiling stage end It falls, is then dropped the blowing mouth below mouth and blows to light garbage collection storehouse, different weight, light rubbish of different shapes are blown Movement locus is different, and the spacers block of the short certain altitude being arranged in the middle part of light garbage collection storehouse of movement locus falls, movement The partition board of crossing of track length concentrates on the inside of light garbage collection storehouse.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the present invention are:
(1) oscillating feeder with small garbage separating mechanism is utilized, in uniform feeding simultaneously to being built by pretreated Building refuse realizes the separation of small garbage, improves sorting efficiency;
(2) rubbish on oscillating feeder falls into the first mechanism for sorting, wherein by soft light rubbish grasping mechanism separation Soft light rubbish, and by first classification central authority to weight rubbish carry out category set in, improve sorting efficiency;
(3) rubbish after tentatively sorting is crushed again by crusher, smaller, in transportational process behind Detach metal garbage wherein included through iron remover, then enter the second mechanism for sorting, carry out the secondary separation of weight rubbish with And the secondary sorting of light rubbish;
Separation of each mechanism to different rubbish in entire method for sorting, substantially increases the efficiency of entire separation system, Secondary classification concentration is carried out to weight rubbish simultaneously, reduces worker's workload.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram for the system that the method for the embodiment of the present invention is applied;
Fig. 2 is another angled arrangement schematic diagram for the system that the method for the embodiment of the present invention is applied;
Fig. 3 is the side structure schematic diagram of the oscillating feeder of the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram of the oscillating feeder of the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the structural schematic diagram of another angle of the oscillating feeder of the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is the positive structure schematic of the oscillating feeder of the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 7 is the overlooking structure diagram of the soft light refuse sorting table of dry type of the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 8 is the structural schematic diagram of the soft light refuse sorting table of dry type of the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 9 is the structural schematic diagram of another angle of the soft light refuse sorting table of dry type of the embodiment of the present invention;
Figure 10 is the structural schematic diagram of the embodiment of the present invention one;
Figure 11 is the structural schematic diagram of the embodiment of the present invention two;
Figure 12 is the structural schematic diagram of the embodiment of the present invention three;
Figure 13 is the structural schematic diagram of the embodiment of the present invention four;
Figure 14 is the structural schematic diagram of the hook section of the embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 15 is the structural schematic diagram of the secondary mechanism for sorting of the light rubbish of the embodiment of the present invention;
Figure 16 is the structural schematic diagram of another angle of the secondary mechanism for sorting of the light rubbish of the embodiment of the present invention;
Figure 17 is the block schematic illustration of the method for the embodiment of the present invention.
Specific implementation mode
In the following, in conjunction with attached drawing and specific implementation mode, the present invention is described further, it should be noted that not Under the premise of conflicting, new implementation can be formed between various embodiments described below or between each technical characteristic in any combination Example.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that " transverse direction ", " vertical if any term "center" for the noun of locality To ", " length ", " width ", " thickness ", "upper", "lower", "front", "rear", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "top", The indicating positions such as "bottom", "inner", "outside", " clockwise ", " counterclockwise " and position relationship are orientation based on ... shown in the drawings or position Relationship is set, the narration present invention is merely for convenience of and simplifies description, device is not indicated or implied the indicated or element is necessary It constructs and operates with specific orientation, with particular orientation, should not be understood as the specific protection domain of the limitation present invention.
In addition, being used for description purposes only if any term " first ", " second ", it is not understood to indicate or imply relatively heavy The property wanted or the quantity for implicitly indicating technical characteristic." first " is defined as a result, " second " feature can be expressed or implicit include One or more this feature, in the present description, " several " are meant that two or more, unless otherwise clearly having The restriction of body.
In the present invention, except as otherwise clear stipulaties and restriction, should make if any term " assembling ", " connected ", " connection " term Broad sense goes to understand, for example, it may be being fixedly connected, may be a detachable connection, or be integrally connected;Can also be that machinery connects It connects;It can be directly connected, can also be to be connected by intermediary, can be connected inside two elements.For ability For the those of ordinary skill of domain, the concrete meaning of above-mentioned term in the present invention can be understood as the case may be.
Soft light rubbish in the present invention includes plastic film, fibrous rubbish, rope form rubbish etc., and building waste generally wraps Weight rubbish and light rubbish are included, light rubbish includes rope, plastic film, useless cloth, waste wood tablet, plastic plate, cystosepiment and skin Corium etc., weight rubbish includes sandstone block, broken concrete and metal garbage etc..
A kind of building waste dry type taxonomic revision method, includes the following steps:
901, feeding and small garbage separating step will be placed on the feeding end of oscillating feeder by pretreated rubbish On, vibrating feed machine vibration and rubbish disperse and bound forward, and the small garbage being included in is from small garbage separating mechanism In filter out;
902, soft light rubbish separating step, residual refuse fall into the first mechanism for sorting, soft light rubbish wherein included Soft light rubbish grabbing device crawl separation through being horizontally placed on the first mechanism for sorting, the light rubbish of hard and weight rubbish are through first point After mechanism categories are concentrated in class set, the light rubbish of macrotype hard is through manually picking initial gross separation;
903, it is crushed iron removal, residual refuse is conveyed into crusher through the first transmission belt and is crushed, then from broken The broken outlet of broken machine is fallen into the second transmission belt, and the iron remover being then set in the second transmission belt detaches metal therein Rubbish;
904, weight rubbish separating step, the second mechanism for sorting is fallen by broken rubbish, then passes through the second classification In central authority category set, light rubbish enters the secondary mechanism for sorting of light rubbish, and weight rubbish is fallen into discharging band.
The method for separating of the present embodiment, using the oscillating feeder with small garbage separating mechanism, uniform feeding simultaneously To realizing the separation of small garbage by pretreated building waste, sorting efficiency is improved;Rubbish on oscillating feeder is fallen into First mechanism for sorting detaches soft light rubbish therein by soft light rubbish grasping mechanism, and by the first category set Mechanism carries out in category set weight rubbish, improves sorting efficiency;Rubbish after tentatively sorting is broken again by crusher It is broken, it is smaller, metal garbage wherein included is detached through iron remover in transportational process behind, then enters the second sorting Mechanism carries out the secondary separation of weight rubbish and the secondary sorting of light rubbish;Each mechanism is to difference in entire method for sorting The separation of rubbish substantially increases the efficiency of entire separation system, while carrying out secondary classification concentration to weight rubbish, reduces work People's workload.
The above method is realized based on following separation system:
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, a kind of building waste dry-type separation system, including
Oscillating feeder 1, oscillating feeder 1 are equipped with small garbage separating mechanism;
First mechanism for sorting, including the first pigeonholes 3, soft light rubbish grasping mechanism and the first classification central authority, Soft light rubbish grabbing device 2 is horizontally placed on above the first mechanism for sorting;
Crusher 5, setting are accepted by the first transmission belt 4 and are fallen on first mechanism for sorting at the first mechanism for sorting rear Rubbish, be crushed outlet lower section be equipped with the second transmission belt 41;
Iron remover 6 is arranged above the second transmission belt 41;
Second mechanism for sorting, setting is in 41 end of the second transmission belt, including the second pigeonholes 7, second classification central authority And the light secondary mechanism for sorting 8 of rubbish, the second mechanism for sorting end are connected with discharging band 42, the second classification central authority respectively with The light secondary mechanism for sorting 8 of rubbish is connected to each other with discharging band 42.
Wherein, 901, feeding and small garbage separating step include
9011, small garbage collection step:Small garbage separating mechanism includes being arranged in the several of oscillating feeder end Filter pocket, the small garbage for being moved to oscillating feeder end enter the collecting chamber being located at below filter pocket from filter pocket, then fall into thin On small rubbish conveyer belt, small garbage collecting bin is transported to through small garbage conveyer belt.
9011, small garbage collection step includes
9012, fine metal rubbish separating step:Small garbage into collecting chamber passes through electromagnet, tiny gold therein Belong to rubbish to be sucked by electromagnet, Other Waste falls into small garbage conveyer belt, the tiny gold of constant weight to be collected from collecting chamber After belonging to rubbish, oscillating feeder is stopped, and opens and opens and closes mouth, electromagnet power-off, and fine metal rubbish is opened from mouth discharge is opened and closed Silent closing, oscillating feeder work on.
More specifically, as shown in figure 3, a kind of oscillating feeder 1, including splicing platform 110 and it is arranged under splicing platform 110 The shake table 120 of side is connected with the first vibrating mechanism 130, band of the shake table 120 in the first vibrating mechanism 130 on shake table 120 Dynamic lower vibration, small garbage separating mechanism is several filter pockets 121 being arranged on shake table 120, and 121 lower section of filter pocket, which is equipped with, to be used for The collecting chamber 140 of small garbage is collected, the end of shake table 120 is discharging end.Vibrating feed platform is as entire garbage sorting system The charging equipment of system vibrates rubbish while feeding, so that the rubbish on shake table 120 is evenly distributed, passes through filter pocket When 121, small garbage therein is fallen from filter pocket 121, and bulky refuse arrives at the end blanking of shake table 120, into follow-up Equipment is sorted, simultaneously as 120 sustained vibration of shake table, small garbage is not bound to 121 inside of filter pocket and blocks filter pocket 121, enter in the collecting chamber 140 under filter pocket 121 from the small garbage fallen in filter pocket 121, carries out subsequent processing and collection. In order to facilitate feeding, rubbish is first fallen in splicing platform 110, is then slid to shake table 120 from splicing platform 110, is avoided straight It connects and is poured on shake table 120 and rubbish is caused to bounce splashing, splicing platform 110 includes splicing inclined-plane 111 and is arranged on splicing inclined-plane 111 The striker plate 112 of left and right sides and rear side, striker plate 112 are inclined outwardly setting.
Small garbage in the present embodiment includes tiny stone, spare, miscellaneous soil and fine metal fragment etc..
Since shake table 120 is while accepting rubbish, vibration is kept, in order to extend the service life of shake table 120, is shaken Dynamic 120 bottom of platform is equipped with strengthening mechanism 122, and more specifically, strengthening mechanism 122 includes being arranged in 120 two bottom sides of shake table Fixed side panel 123 and I-shaped Beam 124 positioned at 120 bottom of shake table.
As shown in Fig. 3, Fig. 6, in addition, due to being provided with I-shaped Beam 124, the shake table 120 with 124 corresponding positions of I-shaped Beam Upper surface can not just process filter pocket 121, therefore, in order to ensure that all rubbish can be by filter pocket 121, in 120 upper table of shake table Face is equipped with distribution block 125 with 124 corresponding positions of I-shaped Beam, and several filter pockets 121 are disposed side by side on 125 both sides of distribution block, rubbish quilt Vibration is laid on shake table 120, when vibration is jumped at distribution block 125, is branched to both sides by distribution block 125, is passed through filter pocket 121, small garbage is isolated by filtration, and more specifically, distribution block 125 is " V " shape block, and opening is towards the end of shake table 120 End setting, the equivalent width of width and I-shaped Beam 124.
In the present embodiment, in order to ensure that the separation of small garbage is complete and stone is uniform, shake table 120 includes water The plane of oscillation 126 of the plane of oscillation 126 or angle of inclination less than 10 ° of flat setting makes it to reduce the forward speed of rubbish The time rested on the plane of oscillation 126 and filter pocket 121 is longer, while in 126 both sides of plane of oscillation setting baffle 127, by rubbish Rubbish collapses between baffle 127, and filter pocket 121 is also uniformly arranged between two baffles 127, simultaneously, it is contemplated that collecting chamber 140 Volume, 121 position of filter pocket is arranged and reaches the rubbish of end in the end of the plane of oscillation 126 and has tiled uniformly, convenient for thin Small rubbish filtering.
As shown in figure 5, it includes shock electric machine that the realization of vibration, which relies on the first vibrating mechanism 130, the first vibrating mechanism 130, 131 and the first vibrating elastic part 132 for being arranged on 120 4 jiaos of shake table, the setting of shock electric machine 131 in 120 bottom of shake table, It is connected with 120 bottom of shake table by mounting bracket 133, more specifically, is arranged in the middle part of 120 bottom of shake table, shake table Rubbish on 120 can be moved towards vibration source direction, and shock electric machine 131 has two, is separately positioned on the both sides of I-shaped Beam 124, The amplitude of shock electric machine 131 is 8mm-10mm.
As shown in Figure 4, Figure 5, collecting chamber 140 can be connected with shake table 120, be conducive to the tiny rubbish in collecting chamber 140 Rubbish is all fallen on small garbage conveyer belt 142, and in the present embodiment, collecting chamber 140 and 120 split settings of shake table are received Collect not vibrated 120 influence of chamber 140, collecting chamber 140 includes that small garbage exports 141, is equipped at small garbage outlet 141 thin Small rubbish conveyer belt 142, small garbage centralized collection is handled, while Deironing mechanism 143 is arranged in 140 bottom of collecting chamber, is received It is not affected by vibration to collect chamber 140, therefore the fine metal rubbish being adsorbed on Deironing mechanism 143 will not be fallen off by vibration, again It is mixed into small garbage, more specifically, Deironing mechanism 143 includes electromagnet 144 and opens and closes mouth 145, opens and closes mouth 145 and electromagnetism Iron 144 is associated, the second state that electromagnet 144 powers off when having first state and the unlatching of the energization of closed type electromagnet 144, Small garbage into collecting chamber 140 passes through electromagnet 144, and fine metal rubbish therein is sucked by electromagnet 144, other rubbish Rubbish falls into small garbage conveyer belt 142 from collecting chamber 140, after the fine metal rubbish for collecting constant weight, oscillating feeder 1 It is stopped, opens and open and close mouth 145, electromagnet 144 powers off, and fine metal rubbish is discharged from mouth 145 is opened and closed, and opens and closes mouth 145 and closes It closes, oscillating feeder 1 works on.It opens and closes and is equipped with containing box 146 below mouth, for storing fine metal rubbish.
Then carry out, 902, soft light rubbish separating step include
9021, first separating step:It is less than 500mm, the first sorting of the first mechanism for sorting by pretreated rubbish size Platform under the drive of the second vibrating mechanism, to thereon rubbish carry out vibration dispersion, several first points of the first pigeonholes surface Rubbish is separated from band, the distance between adjacent first separation band is more than 500mm, and rubbish is in the first adjacent separation band Between bound forward, sheet rubbish by first separation band blocking and along first separation tape travel, go to first outlet, spherical rubbish The first separation band straight ahead is skipped, second outlet is gone to.
Meanwhile 902, soft light rubbish separating step further includes
9022, step is hooked up:Rubbish Separation by vibration is evenly distributed between separation band, soft light rubbish by the first pigeonholes Hook section in rubbish grabbing device is moved under the transmission of conveyer belt above the first pigeonholes, and it is soft between to hook up separation Light rubbish then leaves the first pigeonholes under the transmission of conveyer belt, and the soft light rubbish on hook section is in the end of conveyer belt Through manual cleaning or device for discharging discharging.
Above-mentioned steps need to rely on following equipment to realize:
The end of oscillating feeder 1 is corresponding with the first mechanism for sorting, and the first mechanism for sorting includes the first pigeonholes 3, soft Light rubbish grasping mechanism and the first classification central authority, as shown in fig. 7, soft light rubbish grabbing device 2 is horizontally placed on first point 3 top of platform is picked, the second vibrating mechanism 310 for driving the vibration of the first pigeonholes 3, the first pigeonholes 3 are connected on the first pigeonholes 3 Upper surface is equipped with several the first separation bands 320 with certain altitude, the as first classification central authority, the first separation band 320 Be arranged side by side, include towards the first pigeonholes 3 side turning part 321 and be arranged to go out the first of 321 end of turning part Mouth 322,3 end of the first pigeonholes are equipped with second outlet 323.Using vibratile first pigeonholes 3 and thereon first point It from band 320, rubbish to be sorted will uniformly spread out thereon, rubbish is located between the first separation band 320, using being horizontally placed on the first sorting The soft light rubbish grabbing device 2 of 3 top of platform captures soft light rubbish therein, and different solid refuses are transported on shake table 120 Flowing mode is with shape and varies in weight and different, and for fibrous rubbish with sheet rubbish by sliding, jump amplitude is smaller, spherical Rubbish has three kinds of sliding, rolling and spring motion modes, and jump amplitude is larger, and the light rubbish in building waste is generally paper , plastic flakes, decorative cloth, plank etc., shape is close to sheet, and the jump height of the light rubbish of sheet is not high, by with one The the first separation band 320 for determining height stops, therefore advances along the first separation band 320, and the first sorting is focused on by turning part 321 The first outlet 322 of 3 side of platform, can manually be sorted, and isolate the larger light rubbish of volume, at remaining centralized collection of garbage Reason, due to pigeonholes sustained vibration under the drive of vibrating device, a large amount of rubbish are spread out, and are convenient for soft light rubbish Grabbing device captures, and also allows for worker and sorts;Heavy rubbish in building waste is generally mixed mud block, building stones etc., through pre- Size is smaller after processing, and for shape also close to spherical shape, the skip capability of spherical heavy rubbish is preferable, therefore can cross the first separation band 320 advance, and the second outlet 323 of 3 end of the first pigeonholes are focused on, to detach weight rubbish.
More specifically, as shown in fig. 7, the initial end of the first pigeonholes 3 is feeding end, the first separation band 320 is located at the The initial segment 324 of the initial end of one pigeonholes 3 is long strip block, is distributed the surface of the initiating terminal of the first pigeonholes 3 side by side, works as rubbish Into the first pigeonholes 3 initial end when, broken up and separated by the first separation band 320, then shaking in the second vibrating mechanism 310 It bounds forward under dynamic.It is directed to the concrete shape of turning part 321, as shown in fig. 7, can be block arc, be distributed in first with one heart The surface of pigeonholes 3 can also be used the straight block being obliquely installed towards 3 side of the first pigeonholes, be distributed in the first sorting side by side On the surface of platform 3.Preferably, using block arc in the present embodiment, rounding off prevents sanitary fill, and makes first point The volume for picking platform 3 is more small and exquisite, and floor space is small.
As illustrated in figs. 8-12, it is horizontally placed on the soft light rubbish grabbing device 2 of 3 top of the first pigeonholes, including a closing follows The conveyer belt 210 of ring, conveyer belt 210 rotates under the drive of rotary electric machine 211, and hooking up on 210 surface of conveyer belt is arranged Portion 220 passes through wait for garbage-sorting one by one, and being equipped between hook section 220 and conveyer belt 210 makes hook section 220 with respect to conveyer belt 210 Flexible elastic telescopic mechanism 230 is such as encountered the isometric larger rubbish of oversize rock material, then when being in contact with it, is stretched using elasticity Contracting mechanism 230 avoids, and prevents hook section 220 impaired, and therefore, hook section 220 has vertical under 230 effect of elastic telescopic mechanism The second state that first state and stress in 210 surface of conveyer belt shift.220 top of hook section is equipped with bending section 221, in order to Soft light rubbish is conveniently hooked up, the direction of advance of bending section 221 towards conveyer belt 210 is arranged, and conveyer belt 210 drives hook section During 220 advance, bending section 221 is inserted into and is waited in garbage-sorting, and soft light rubbish is hooked up.First separation band height be 5mm or so.
More specifically, as shown in figure 14, elastic telescopic mechanism 230 includes elastic component 231,231 one end of elastic component and hook Take portion 220 to be connected, the other end and 210 Joint of conveyer belt, when hook section 220 is in first state, elastic component 231 perpendicular to 210 surface of conveyer belt, when hook section 220 is in the second state, 231 stress deformation of elastic component.When 220 non-stress of hook section, bullet Property part 231 is perpendicular to 210 surface of conveyer belt, and hook section 220 is also perpendicularly to 210 surface of conveyer belt, when hook section 220 touches resistance When hindering, top stress, 231 stress deformation of elastic component, hook section 220 deviates or contraction distortion, avoids hindering, avoids hook section 220 is impaired, normally hooks up soft light rubbish.
In the present embodiment, elastic component is compressed spring, as shown in figure 14, compressed spring one end by fixed plate 232 with it is defeated Band Joint, the other end is sent to be connected with hook section by the card-bit part 223 on hook section, compression bullet is inserted into the end of hook section In spring, both sides are equipped with card-bit part 223, are embedded in the spring ring of compressed spring.In hook section when stress, compressed spring it is compressible or It is deviated to side, to drive the obstruction of hook section evacuation oversize rock material or other hard.Fixed plate 232 is screwed On the conveyor belt.
Simultaneously as being provided with the first separation band 320 with certain altitude on the first pigeonholes 3, hook section is not avoided 220 bump against the first separation band 320 during exercise, and cause to hook up failure, and the second vibrating mechanism 310 is matched with the linkage of conveyer belt 210 It closes, hook section 220 is located between two first separation bands 320 when the first pigeonholes 3 being made to bounce.Specifically, by adjusting the The distribution of the vibration frequency of two vibrating mechanisms 310 and the movement velocity and hook section 220 of conveyer belt 210 on conveyer belt 210 Distance, when the first pigeonholes 3 bounces under the action of the second vibrating mechanism 310, the top of hook section 220 is located at adjacent the Between one separation band 320, is contacted with the rubbish between band 320 is detached positioned at two first, hook up soft light rubbish therein, and The first pigeonholes 3 is left under the transmission of conveyer belt 210 afterwards.
As figs 11-13, the initiating terminal of conveyer belt 210 is grasping end 212, and end is delivery end 213, the mode of discharging There are many, automatic discharging or manual cleaning can be used, therefore delivery end 213 is equipped with device for discharging 240 or is equipped with manual cleaning's work Position.
In embodiment two as shown in figure 11, device for discharging 240 include positioned at 210 end of conveyer belt tilt down unload Material strip 241, hook section 220 is sent to when unloading material strip 241, and bending section 221 tilts down, using gravity make soft light rubbish with it is curved Pars convoluta 221 detaches, and falls.In order to further increase unloading efficiency, device for discharging 240 includes being arranged unloading below material strip 241 The air-out direction of wind turbine 242, wind turbine 242 is consistent with the inclined direction of bending section 221, and material strip 241 is unloaded when hook section 220 is sent to When, hook soft light rubbish on bending section 221 is blown by wind turbine 242 to fall off, and is then detached with bending section 221, falls and concentrate.Separately Outside, hook section 220 includes bending section 221 and straight portion 222, and the angle between bending section 221 and straight portion 222 is more than 90 °, makes bending Inclination angle bigger when portion 221 is downwardly inclined, soft light rubbish are more easy to fall.
In embodiment three as shown in figure 12, device for discharging 240 includes being arranged to unload material wheel 243 in 210 end of conveyer belt, Unload material wheel 243 be equipped with discharging crochet hook 244, discharging crochet hook 244 rotation when enter hook section 220 between to obtain soft light rubbish Rubbish, discharging crochet hook 244 are equipped with discharging hook portion 245, the bending direction of discharging hook portion 245 and the rotation direction one for unloading material wheel 243 It causes.Hook section 220 with soft light rubbish is gone to when unloading 243 place orientation of material wheel, and discharging crochet hook 244 enters several hook sections Between 220, discharging hook portion 245 catches on soft light rubbish, then unloads material wheel 243 and is rotated further, and discharging hook portion 245 is taken away soft light Rubbish, after 180 ° of rotation, downward, soft light rubbish is fallen discharging hook portion 245.When setting, if unloading the steering and conveying of material wheel 243 With 210 steering on the contrary, when then hook section 220 is interfered with discharging crochet hook 244, the direction of bending section 221 and discharging hook portion 245 is equal For upward;If the steering for unloading material wheel 243 is identical with the steering of conveyer belt 210, when hook section 220 is interfered with discharging crochet hook 244, Upward, discharging hook portion 245 is downward for bending section 221.As shown in figure 12, the steering of material wheel 243 and the steering phase of conveyer belt 210 are unloaded Instead, discharging is accelerated in the top for 245 side directed downwardly of discharging hook portion that discharging wind turbine 246 is arranged on unloading material wheel 243.
In addition, since dry type sorter is constantly in vibrational state, it is susceptible to airborne dust, working environment is polluted, influences work The health of people, therefore, the present embodiment include humidification mechanism 250, generate spraying, are humidified to integrated environment, and airborne dust is reduced. In order to improve the success rate for hooking up soft light rubbish, bending section 221 can be made to keep moistening, conveniently cling the light rubbish of plastic film Therefore rubbish as shown in figure 13, is equipped with humidification mechanism 250, the water jet of humidification mechanism 250 above the initiating terminal of conveyer belt 210 251 are arranged towards the first pigeonholes, and the water jet 251 of humidification mechanism 250 sprays humidification spraying, and bending section 221 is made to hook up preceding place In moisture state, and it is unlikely to generate excess moisture, causes sewage pollution, while avoiding airborne dust.In addition, at the second pigeonholes Humidification mechanism can be set.
As shown in figure 9, the second vibrating mechanism 310 include vibrating motor 311 and be arranged on 3 four jiaos of the first pigeonholes the Two vibrating elastic parts 312, vibrating motor 311 are arranged in the middle part of 3 bottom surface of the first pigeonholes, are sorted by mounting bracket 133 and first Platform 3 is connected.More specifically, vibrating motor 311 is arranged in the middle part of 3 bottom of the first pigeonholes, the rubbish on the first pigeonholes 3 It can be moved towards vibration source direction, in addition, the first pigeonholes 3 also keeps vibrating while carrying rubbish, in order to extend first The service life of pigeonholes 3,3 bottom of the first pigeonholes are equipped with reinforcement assembly 313, and reinforcement assembly 313 includes being arranged at first point The reinforcing side plate 314 and the reinforcement 315 among 3 bottom of the first pigeonholes, two vibrating motors 311 for picking 3 both sides of platform divide It is not arranged in 315 both sides of reinforcement, the amplitude of vibrating motor 311 is 5mm-10mm.
Meanwhile such as Fig. 7,3 end of the first pigeonholes is equipped with the first transmission belt 4, and second outlet 323 is equipped with for by rubbish Guiding is to the guiding groove 325 in the first transmission belt 4, the building waste for including most of weight rubbish that will be concentrated by preliminary screening From the guiding to the first transmission belt 4 of guiding groove 325 in second outlet 323, continue follow-up separation operation.Guiding groove 325 and One pigeonholes 3 is connected, and part is wider, and the part for being located at 4 top of the first transmission belt is relatively narrow, and rubbish aggregation is made to fall in the first transmission On band 4, convenience in transport.
Then, rubbish enters 903, broken iron removal, and the crusher 5 in the present embodiment is jaw crusher 5, and removes iron Device 6 is the prior art, therefore is not described in detail herein, in addition, as shown in Figure 1, the first transmission belt 4, the second transmission belt 41 And the rubbish that the discharging band 42 being arranged after the second mechanism for sorting is obliquely installed upwards, and is fallen from the first mechanism for sorting Volume is larger, therefore, as shown in Fig. 2, the first transmission belt 4 is equipped with brake pad 43, the friction for increasing rubbish and transmission belt Power.
Then, enter 904, weight rubbish separating step by broken rubbish.
904, weight rubbish separating step includes the following steps:
9041, secondary separation step is less than 200mm, by broken rubbish through the broken rubbish size of destruction step It is fallen on the second pigeonholes through the conveying of the second conveyer belt, the drive of the second pigeonholes of the second mechanism for sorting in scattered vibrating mechanism Under, vibration dispersion is carried out to rubbish thereon, several second separation bands on the second pigeonholes surface are separated rubbish, adjacent The distance between the second separation band be more than 200mm, rubbish bounds forward between adjacent second separation band, the light rubbish of sheet By the second separation band blocking and along the second separation tape travel, it is gathered in light garbage outlet, weight rubbish is close to spherical shape after crushing, jumps The second separation band straight ahead is crossed, discharge port is gone to.
The rubbish transmitted through the first transmission belt 4 enters jaw crusher 5 and is crushed again, and size reduces again, through broken Broken rubbish is fallen in the second transmission belt 41, after iron remover 6 isolates metal garbage, is then sent to the second mechanism for sorting, It is transferred into and is less than 200mm through the broken rubbish size of destruction step, the setting of the second mechanism for sorting is at 41 end of the second transmission belt End, including the second pigeonholes 7, second classification central authority and the secondary mechanism for sorting 8 of light rubbish, the second pigeonholes 7 and first The structure of pigeonholes 3 is identical, and the second classification central authority is identical as the first classification structure of central authority, that is, the second pigeonholes 7 On be connected with drive the second pigeonholes 7 vibration third vibrating mechanism 713, second classification central authority include be arranged at second point Several second separation bands 710 with certain altitude on 7 surface of platform are picked, the second separation band 710 is arranged side by side, including direction second The light garbage outlet 711 of 7 side of pigeonholes and discharge port 712 towards 7 end of the second pigeonholes, the principle in category set Identical as the first pigeonholes 3, several second separation bands 710 on 7 surface of the second pigeonholes are separated rubbish, and adjacent second It detaches the distance between band 710 and is more than 200mm, rubbish bounds forward between the second adjacent separation band 710, the light rubbish of sheet Advance by the second separation band 710 blocking and along the second separation band 710, be gathered in light garbage outlet 711, weight rubbish connects after crushing It is subsphaeroidal, skip 710 straight ahead of the second separation band, go to discharge port 712, fall into output and take, be transferred to elsewhere into Row subsequent processing.
Meanwhile 904, the weight rubbish separating step includes
9042, light rubbish secondary separation step:The light rubbish of sheet enters the secondary mechanism for sorting of light rubbish from light garbage outlet, It falls in tiling stage, tiling stage is vibrated under the action of four vibrating mechanisms, so that the light rubbish of sheet is laid in tiling stage, successively It is fallen from the mouth that falls of tiling stage end, is then dropped the blowing mouth below mouth and blows to light garbage collection storehouse, different weight, no The movement locus that the light rubbish of similar shape is blown is different, the short certain height being arranged in the middle part of light garbage collection storehouse of movement locus The spacers block of degree falls, and the partition board of crossing of movement locus length concentrates on the inside of light garbage collection storehouse.
As shown in Figure 15, Figure 16, it is equipped with the secondary mechanism for sorting 8 of light rubbish in the side of the second pigeonholes 7, light rubbish is secondary Mechanism for sorting 8 is docked with light garbage outlet 711, including tiling stage 810 and the 4th vibrating mechanism for driving the vibration of tiling stage 810 811,810 end of tiling stage is equipped with falls mouth 812 for what light rubbish was fallen, and the rear for falling mouth 812 is equipped with light garbage collection Storehouse 813,810 end of tiling stage lower section are equipped with blowing mouth 814, and the blowing direction of blowing mouth 814 is set towards light garbage collection storehouse 813 It sets, 813 middle part of light garbage collection storehouse is equipped with the partition board 815 with certain altitude of the light rubbish for detaching different quality.Collection In light garbage outlet 711 the light rubbish of sheet from light garbage outlet 711 enter the secondary mechanism for sorting 8 of light rubbish, fall and tiling On platform 810, tiling stage 810 is vibrated under the action of the 4th vibrating mechanism 811, and the light rubbish of sheet is made to be laid in tiling stage 810, It is fallen successively from the mouth 812 that falls of 810 end of tiling stage, the blowing mouth 814 for being then dropped 812 lower section of mouth blows to light rubbish receipts Collect storehouse 813, the movement locus that different weight, light rubbish of different shapes are blown is different, and movement locus is short to be received by light rubbish The blocking of partition board 815 for collecting the certain altitude that 813 middle part of storehouse is arranged is fallen, and the partition board 815 of crossing of movement locus length concentrates on light rubbish 813 inside of rubbish collecting bin.As shown in figure 16, blowing mouth 814 is connected with classification wind turbine 816, and classification wind turbine 816 is to blowing mouth It blows in 814.
The above embodiment is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention, and the scope of protection of the present invention is not limited thereto, The variation and replacement for any unsubstantiality that those skilled in the art is done on the basis of the present invention belong to institute of the present invention Claimed range.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of building waste dry type taxonomic revision method, which is characterized in that include the following steps:
Feeding and small garbage separating step will be placed on the feeding end of oscillating feeder by pretreated rubbish, vibrate Simultaneously rubbish disperses and bounds forward feed machine vibration, and the small garbage being included in is filtered out from small garbage separating mechanism;
Soft light rubbish separating step, residual refuse fall into the first mechanism for sorting, and soft light rubbish wherein included is through being horizontally placed on Soft light rubbish grabbing device crawl separation on first mechanism for sorting, the light rubbish of hard and weight rubbish are through the first classification concentrator After in structure category set, the light rubbish of macrotype hard is through manually picking initial gross separation;
Broken iron removal, residual refuse are conveyed into crusher through the first transmission belt and are crushed, then from the broken of crusher Broken outlet is fallen into the second transmission belt, and the iron remover being then set in the second transmission belt detaches metal garbage therein;
Weight rubbish separating step, the second mechanism for sorting is fallen by broken rubbish, then passes through the second classification central authority In category set, light rubbish enters the secondary mechanism for sorting of light rubbish, and weight rubbish is fallen into discharging band.
2. building waste dry type taxonomic revision method as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that feeding and small garbage separation Step includes
Small garbage collection step:Small garbage separating mechanism includes several filter pockets being arranged in oscillating feeder end, mobile Enter the collecting chamber being located at below filter pocket to the small garbage of oscillating feeder end from filter pocket, then falls into small garbage conveying It takes, small garbage collecting bin is transported to through small garbage conveyer belt.
3. building waste dry type taxonomic revision method as claimed in claim 2, which is characterized in that the small garbage collects step Suddenly include
Fine metal rubbish separating step:Small garbage into collecting chamber passes through electromagnet, fine metal rubbish quilt therein Electromagnet is sucked, and Other Waste falls into small garbage conveyer belt from collecting chamber, after the fine metal rubbish for collecting constant weight, Oscillating feeder is stopped, and opens and opens and closes mouth, electromagnet power-off, and fine metal rubbish opens and closes mouth and close from mouth discharge is opened and closed, Oscillating feeder works on.
4. building waste dry type taxonomic revision method as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that soft light rubbish separating step Including first separating step:
It is less than 500mm, the band of the first pigeonholes of the first mechanism for sorting in the second vibrating mechanism by pretreated rubbish size Under dynamic, vibration dispersion is carried out to rubbish thereon, several first separation bands on the first pigeonholes surface are separated rubbish, phase The distance between first adjacent separation band is more than 500mm, and rubbish bounds forward between the first adjacent separation band, sheet rubbish By the first separation band blocking and along the first separation tape travel, before going to first outlet, spherical rubbish to skip the first separation band straight line Into going to second outlet.
5. building waste dry type taxonomic revision method as claimed in claim 4, which is characterized in that soft light rubbish separating step Including hooking up step:Rubbish Separation by vibration is evenly distributed between separation band, soft light rubbish grabbing device by the first pigeonholes In hook section be moved under the transmission of conveyer belt above the first pigeonholes, hook up separation band between soft light rubbish, and The first pigeonholes is left under the transmission of conveyer belt afterwards, the soft light rubbish on hook section is in the end of conveyer belt through manual cleaning Or device for discharging discharging.
6. the building waste dry type taxonomic revision method as described in claim 1-5 any bars, which is characterized in that the weight rubbish Rubbish separating step includes the following steps:
It is less than 200mm through the broken rubbish size of destruction step, is fallen the through the conveying of the second conveyer belt by broken rubbish On two pigeonholes, the second pigeonholes of the second mechanism for sorting shakes to rubbish thereon under the drive of scattered vibrating mechanism Several second separation bands of dynamic dispersion, the second pigeonholes surface are separated rubbish, between the adjacent second separation band away from From more than 200mm, rubbish bounds forward between the second adjacent separation band, and the light rubbish of sheet is by the second separation band blocking and edge Second separation tape travel, is gathered in light garbage outlet, and weight rubbish is close to spherical shape after crushing, before skipping the second separation band straight line Into going to discharge port.
7. building waste dry type taxonomic revision method as claimed in claim 6, which is characterized in that the weight rubbish separation step Suddenly include light rubbish secondary separation step:
The light rubbish of sheet enters the secondary mechanism for sorting of light rubbish from light garbage outlet, falls in tiling stage, tiling stage is shaken the 4th It is vibrated under the action of motivation structure, the light rubbish of sheet is made to be laid in tiling stage, fallen successively from the mouth that falls of tiling stage end, and It is dropped the blowing mouth below mouth afterwards and blows to light garbage collection storehouse, the movement that different weight, light rubbish of different shapes are blown Track is different, and the spacers block of the short certain altitude being arranged in the middle part of light garbage collection storehouse of movement locus falls, movement locus Long partition board of crossing concentrates on the inside of light garbage collection storehouse.
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