CN108566153B - Photovoltaic power plant is from cleaning device - Google Patents

Photovoltaic power plant is from cleaning device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108566153B
CN108566153B CN201810354542.7A CN201810354542A CN108566153B CN 108566153 B CN108566153 B CN 108566153B CN 201810354542 A CN201810354542 A CN 201810354542A CN 108566153 B CN108566153 B CN 108566153B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
gear
cleaning
cleaning device
chamber
air pipe
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Application number
CN201810354542.7A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN108566153A (en
Inventor
谭俊毅
陈祥花
陈志�
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
JIANGSU TONGGUANG CHANGLONG ELECTRIC POWER ENERGY Co.,Ltd.
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Wuhu Tengfei Information Technology Co ltd
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Priority to CN201810354542.7A priority Critical patent/CN108566153B/en
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRARED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S40/00Components or accessories in combination with PV modules, not provided for in groups H02S10/00 - H02S30/00
    • H02S40/10Cleaning arrangements
    • B08B1/143
    • B08B1/30
    • B08B1/32
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B3/00Cleaning by methods involving the use or presence of liquid or steam
    • B08B3/02Cleaning by the force of jets or sprays
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B5/00Cleaning by methods involving the use of air flow or gas flow
    • B08B5/02Cleaning by the force of jets, e.g. blowing-out cavities
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

The invention discloses a photovoltaic power station self-cleaning device which comprises a side shell, wherein the side shell divides the inner space of a cleaning device into a driving chamber, a first cleaning chamber and a second cleaning chamber through a first partition plate and a second partition plate, an upper sealing shell is arranged on the side shell, and a solar cell panel is arranged on the upper sealing shell; a water pipe and a high-pressure air pipe are arranged in the first cleaning chamber, one end of the high-pressure air pipe is connected with an air blower, and the air blower is arranged in the driving chamber; and a cleaning roller is arranged in the second cleaning chamber, the cleaning roller is driven by a servo motor, the servo motor is arranged in a driving chamber, and a storage battery is arranged in the driving chamber. The photovoltaic module cleaning device can automatically clean the photovoltaic module according to whether the working state is switched by rainfall, manual nursing is not needed, a large amount of labor force is saved, the photovoltaic module cleaning device is smooth to operate and not easy to block during working, an external power supply is not needed during working, power is supplied through the solar cell carried by the photovoltaic module cleaning device, and energy is saved.

Description

Photovoltaic power plant is from cleaning device
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of photovoltaic module cleaning, and particularly relates to a photovoltaic power station self-cleaning device.
Background
Solar energy is an inexhaustible clean energy, a photovoltaic module is a device for directly converting the solar energy into electric energy, and as the photovoltaic module does not produce any pollution in the power generation process and is a renewable resource, the application of the solar energy is gradually valued by people nowadays due to the lack of resources, so that the solar power generation technology is also applied in many fields, and meanwhile, in order to improve the conversion efficiency of the photovoltaic module to the solar energy, people move farther and farther on the road of the photovoltaic power generation technology, and the solar power generation technology is also rapidly developed.
The conversion efficiency is the one of the major standards for judging the performance of the photovoltaic module, but as the photovoltaic module is exposed to the outside all the year round, dirt such as dust and bird droppings are easily accumulated, the light transmittance of a panel of the photovoltaic module is easily reduced due to accumulation of the dust and the bird droppings, so that the conversion efficiency of the photovoltaic module is reduced, and a facula effect is caused in severe cases, so that the result that the shielded part consumes electric power and the temperature quickly rises is caused, the conversion efficiency of the photovoltaic module is reduced, and even the photovoltaic module is burnt, so that the photovoltaic module needs to be cleaned regularly in time, and in order to solve the problem, the invention provides the following technical scheme.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a self-cleaning device for a photovoltaic power station.
The purpose of the invention can be realized by the following technical scheme:
a self-cleaning device of a photovoltaic power station comprises a side shell, wherein the side shell divides the inner space of the cleaning device into a driving chamber, a first cleaning chamber and a second cleaning chamber through a first partition plate and a second partition plate, an upper sealing shell is arranged on the side shell, and a solar cell panel is arranged on the upper sealing shell;
a water pipe and a high-pressure air pipe are arranged in the first cleaning chamber, the water pipe is connected with a water inlet, a water spraying port is formed in the water pipe, one end of the high-pressure air pipe is connected with an air blower, the air blower is arranged in the driving chamber, and an air spraying port is formed in the high-pressure air pipe;
be provided with the cleaning roller in the clean room of second, cleaning roller cup joints in the pivot, and the one end of pivot is passed through gear structure and is connected with servo motor, and servo motor installs in the drive chamber, installs the battery in the drive chamber, and the battery respectively with servo motor, solar cell panel and air-blower electric connection, servo motor passes through gear structure and is connected with the pulley lever, and the both ends of pulley lever are connected with the pulley.
As a further scheme of the invention, the high-pressure gas pipe is communicated with a branch pipe, the branch pipe extends out of the side shell through a branch pipe notch, the branch pipe and the high-pressure gas pipe form an obtuse angle, and the branch pipe is provided with a gas nozzle.
As a further scheme of the present invention, the servo motor is connected to a first gear through a gear rod, the gear rod is connected to a second gear through gear teeth, the second gear is sleeved on the pulley rod, the first gear is connected to a gear protrusion through the gear teeth, and the gear protrusion is installed at one end of the rotating shaft.
As a further aspect of the present invention, a tip circle diameter of the first gear is larger than tip circle diameters of the gear boss and the gear rod.
As a further aspect of the present invention, the addendum circle diameter of the gear rod is smaller than the addendum circle diameter of the second gear.
As a further scheme of the invention, a reinforcing plate is arranged at one end of the driving chamber of the side shell, the reinforcing plate is of a right-angle structure, one end of the reinforcing plate is fixed on the side shell, and a supporting wheel is arranged on one surface of the reinforcing plate.
As a further aspect of the present invention, the side casing is provided with a scraping rubber on (one surface of) the second cleaning chamber, and one end of the scraping rubber is fixed to the bottom of the surface of the side casing and forms an angle of 30 ° to 60 ° with the surface.
The invention has the beneficial effects that: the photovoltaic module cleaning device can automatically clean the photovoltaic module according to whether the working state is switched by rainfall, manual nursing is not needed, a large amount of labor force is saved, the photovoltaic module cleaning device is smooth to operate and not easy to block during working, an external power supply is not needed during working, power is supplied through the solar cell carried by the photovoltaic module cleaning device, and energy is saved.
Drawings
The invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings.
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the frame construction of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a top view of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural view of the gear structure of the present invention;
fig. 5 is a view showing the effect of the installation of the present invention.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
A self-cleaning device for a photovoltaic power station is shown in figures 1 and 2 and comprises a side shell 1, the inside of the side shell 1 is divided into a driving chamber 11, a first cleaning chamber 19 and a second cleaning chamber 12 through a first partition plate 13 and a second partition plate 14, an upper sealing shell 16 is installed on the side shell 1, and a solar cell panel 17 is installed on the upper sealing shell 16.
The first cleaning chamber 19 is internally provided with a water pipe 5, one end of the water pipe 5 far away from the driving chamber 11 is connected with a water inlet 51, the water pipe 5 is provided with a row of water spraying ports 52 in the axial direction of a pipe body, the water spraying ports 52 face to one side far away from the second cleaning chamber 12, when the cleaning device works, the water inlet 51 is externally connected with a water source, and cleaning water is uniformly sprayed on a photovoltaic panel, the first cleaning chamber 19 is also internally provided with a high-pressure air pipe 31, the high-pressure air pipe 31 is provided with a closed end, the other end of the high-pressure air pipe 31 is connected with a blower 3, the blower 3 is arranged in the driving chamber 11, the high-pressure air pipe 31 is provided with a row of air spraying ports 33 in the axial direction of the pipe body, as a further proposal of the invention, the high-pressure air pipe 31 is connected with a branch air pipe 32, the branch air pipe 32 extends out, one end of the branch air pipe 32 is communicated with the high-pressure air pipe 31, the other end of the branch air pipe 32 is sealed, a row of air nozzles 33 are formed in the branch air pipe 32, air is blown into the high-pressure air pipe 31 and the branch air pipe 32 through the air blower 3 during work, air is sprayed out of the air nozzles 33 at a certain speed, and accordingly garbage with a certain volume, such as leaves on a battery panel, is blown away, and is prevented from being drawn into the self-cleaning device, and the smooth operation of the device is affected.
A cleaning roller 6 is arranged in the second cleaning chamber 12, the cleaning roller 6 is sleeved on a rotating shaft 61, the rotating shaft 61 is rotatably installed on the side shell 1 and the second partition plate 14 through a bearing, one end of the rotating shaft 61 is connected with the servo motor 2 through a gear structure, the servo motor 2 is installed in the driving chamber 11, a storage battery 4 is further installed in the driving chamber 11, the storage battery 4 is respectively and electrically connected with the servo motor 2, the solar cell panel 17 and the air blower 3, the servo motor 2 is connected with a pulley lever 81 through a gear structure, and two ends of the pulley lever 81 are connected with pulleys 82;
as shown in fig. 4, the servo motor 2 is connected with a first gear 22 through a gear rod 21, the gear rod 21 is connected with a second gear 83 through gear teeth, the second gear 83 is sleeved on a pulley rod 81, the first gear 22 is connected with a gear protrusion 62 through gear teeth, the gear protrusion 62 is installed at one end of a rotating shaft 61, wherein the diameter of the addendum circle of the first gear 22 is larger than the diameter of the addendum circle of the gear protrusion 62 and the gear rod 21, the diameter of the addendum circle of the gear rod 21 is smaller than the diameter of the addendum circle of the second gear 83, and the diameter of the addendum circle between the first gear 22, the gear protrusion 62, the gear rod 21 and the second gear 83 is determined according to a specific working environment, and the structure can ensure the slow moving position of the whole device in the process of fast rotating and.
As shown in fig. 2 and 3, the side casing 1 is provided with a scraping rubber 18 on one surface of the second cleaning chamber 12, one end of the scraping rubber 18 is fixed at the bottom of the surface of the side casing 1 and forms an angle of 30-60 degrees with the surface for scraping water in the cleaning process and discharging the water along the inclined direction of the photovoltaic module, and the side casing 1 is provided with a reinforcing plate 7 at one end of the driving chamber 11;
the reinforcing plate 7 is of a right-angle structure, one end of the reinforcing plate 7 is fixed on the side shell 1, and one face of the reinforcing plate 7 is provided with a supporting wheel 71.
As shown in fig. 5, the self-cleaning device for the photovoltaic power station of the present invention is disposed on a photovoltaic module 91, the photovoltaic module 91 is mounted on a fixing frame 9, a wheel groove 92 is formed on the fixing frame 9, the cleaning device of the present invention moves on the fixing frame 9 through the pulley 82 and the wheel groove 92, and the reinforcing plate 7 is used to eliminate the influence of gravity on the pulley 82, so that the movement of the cleaning device is smoother.
Under the condition of not having the rainfall for a long time, through the external water source of water inlet 51, the during operation blows off large-scale debris through high-pressurepipe 31, and rethread water pipe 5 sprays water to photovoltaic module 91's surface, cleans through wash cylinder 6 at last, can effectively detach most dust debris, and under the rainfall condition, direct opening device does not receive the water source outward, closes air-blower 3, directly cleans photovoltaic module 91's surface through wash cylinder 6. The solar photovoltaic cleaning device does not need an external power supply during working, and supplies power through the solar cell carried by the solar photovoltaic cleaning device, so that energy is saved, the photovoltaic assembly is automatically cleaned, and a large amount of labor force is saved.
The preferred embodiments of the invention disclosed above are intended to be illustrative only. The preferred embodiments are not intended to be exhaustive or to limit the invention to the precise embodiments disclosed. Obviously, many modifications and variations are possible in light of the above teaching. The embodiments were chosen and described in order to best explain the principles of the invention and the practical application, to thereby enable others skilled in the art to best utilize the invention. The invention is limited only by the claims and their full scope and equivalents.

Claims (4)

1. A self-cleaning device for a photovoltaic power station is characterized by comprising a side shell (1), wherein the side shell (1) divides the inner space of the cleaning device into a driving chamber (11), a first cleaning chamber (19) and a second cleaning chamber (12) through a first partition plate (13) and a second partition plate (14), an upper sealing shell (16) is installed on the side shell (1), and a solar cell panel (17) is installed on the upper sealing shell (16);
a water pipe (5) and a high-pressure air pipe (31) are arranged in the first cleaning chamber (19), the water pipe (5) is connected with a water inlet (51), a water spraying opening (52) is formed in the water pipe (5), one end of the high-pressure air pipe (31) is connected with an air blower (3), the air blower (3) is arranged in the driving chamber (11), an air spraying opening (33) is formed in the high-pressure air pipe (31), the high-pressure air pipe (31) is communicated with a branch air pipe (32), the branch air pipe (32) extends out of the side shell (1) through a branch pipe notch (15), the branch air pipe (32) and the high-pressure air pipe (31) form an obtuse angle, and the branch air pipe (32) is provided;
a cleaning roller (6) is arranged in the second cleaning chamber (12), the cleaning roller (6) is sleeved on a rotating shaft (61), one end of the rotating shaft (61) is connected with a servo motor (2) through a gear structure, the servo motor (2) is arranged in a driving chamber (11), a storage battery (4) is arranged in the driving chamber (11), the storage battery (4) is respectively and electrically connected with the servo motor (2), a solar cell panel (17) and an air blower (3), the servo motor (2) is connected with a pulley lever (81) through a gear structure, and two ends of the pulley lever (81) are connected with pulleys (82);
the servo motor (2) is connected with a first gear (22) through a gear rod (21), the gear rod (21) is connected with a second gear (83) through gear teeth, the second gear (83) is sleeved on a pulley rod (81), the first gear (22) is connected with a gear bulge (62) through the gear teeth, and the gear bulge (62) is installed at one end of a rotating shaft (61);
one side of the side shell (1) in the second cleaning chamber (12) is provided with a scraping rubber (18), and one end of the scraping rubber (18) is fixed at the bottom of the side shell (1) and forms an angle of 30-60 degrees with the side shell.
2. Self-cleaning device for photovoltaic power plants according to claim 1, characterized in that the diameter of the addendum circle of said first toothed wheel (22) is greater than the diameter of the addendum circle of the toothed wheel protrusion (62) and the toothed wheel shaft (21).
3. Self-cleaning device for photovoltaic power plants according to claim 1, characterized in that the diameter of the addendum circle of the gear rod (21) is smaller than the diameter of the addendum circle of the second gear (83).
4. A photovoltaic power plant self-cleaning device as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that the side casing (1) is provided with a reinforcing plate (7) at one end of the driving chamber (11), the reinforcing plate (7) is of a right-angle structure, one end of the reinforcing plate (7) is fixed on the side casing (1), and a supporting wheel (71) is arranged on one surface of the reinforcing plate (7).
CN201810354542.7A 2018-04-19 2018-04-19 Photovoltaic power plant is from cleaning device Active CN108566153B (en)

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CN108566153B true CN108566153B (en) 2020-06-26

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110176902A (en) * 2019-05-27 2019-08-27 合肥华盖光伏科技有限公司 A kind of photovoltaic panel installation frame with automatic cleaning function
CN111760836A (en) * 2020-05-27 2020-10-13 深圳怪虫机器人有限公司 Method for cleaning photovoltaic panel in solar photovoltaic array

Citations (1)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2017157269A1 (en) * 2016-03-14 2017-09-21 汤耀庆 Fully-automatic track-type trolley for cleaning photovoltaic assembly and cleaning method therefor

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN204523690U (en) * 2015-03-24 2015-08-05 宁夏大学 Large-sized photovoltaic power station photovoltaic module automatic rinser
CN206392457U (en) * 2016-12-20 2017-08-11 华夏聚光(内蒙古)光伏电力有限公司 A kind of solar energy photovoltaic panel automatic flushing device
CN206701783U (en) * 2017-03-15 2017-12-05 江苏华源新能源科技有限公司 A kind of photovoltaic plant solar panel cleaning device
CN206794184U (en) * 2017-03-20 2017-12-26 迎辉电气集团有限公司 A kind of solar panel with cleaning device
CN207188411U (en) * 2017-07-28 2018-04-06 国网河南省电力公司社旗县供电公司 solar panel cleaning device

Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2017157269A1 (en) * 2016-03-14 2017-09-21 汤耀庆 Fully-automatic track-type trolley for cleaning photovoltaic assembly and cleaning method therefor

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Inventor after: Tan Junyi

Inventor after: Chen Xianghua

Inventor after: Chen Zhi

Inventor before: Chen Xianghua

Inventor before: Chen Zhi

CB03 Change of inventor or designer information
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Effective date of registration: 20200601

Address after: 241000 front of the attached room 8-10, building 4, Wandong community, Wuwei County, Wuhu City, Anhui Province

Applicant after: WUHU TENGFEI INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY Co.,Ltd.

Address before: 232101 north side of Fung Huai highway, Lun Tong community, Huainan Economic Development Zone, Anhui

Applicant before: ANHUI LIUHE TONGXIN WIND ENERGY EQUIPMENT Co.,Ltd.

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Effective date of registration: 20201113

Address after: 226100 186 East Jiefang Road, Haimen street, Haimen, Nantong, Jiangsu

Patentee after: JIANGSU TONGGUANG CHANGLONG ELECTRIC POWER ENERGY Co.,Ltd.

Address before: 241000 front of the attached room 8-10, building 4, Wandong community, Wuwei County, Wuhu City, Anhui Province

Patentee before: WUHU TENGFEI INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY Co.,Ltd.

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