CN108553771B - Fire rescue method - Google Patents

Fire rescue method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108553771B
CN108553771B CN201810339950.5A CN201810339950A CN108553771B CN 108553771 B CN108553771 B CN 108553771B CN 201810339950 A CN201810339950 A CN 201810339950A CN 108553771 B CN108553771 B CN 108553771B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
rescue
aerial vehicle
unmanned aerial
camera
rod
Prior art date
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Active
Application number
CN201810339950.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN108553771A (en
Inventor
钱文娟
韦眀典
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shaoxing Keqiao Sun Zhen Chemical Fiber Co.,Ltd.
Original Assignee
Shaoxing Keqiao Sun Zhen Chemical Fiber Co ltd
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Application filed by Shaoxing Keqiao Sun Zhen Chemical Fiber Co ltd filed Critical Shaoxing Keqiao Sun Zhen Chemical Fiber Co ltd
Priority to CN201810339950.5A priority Critical patent/CN108553771B/en
Publication of CN108553771A publication Critical patent/CN108553771A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN108553771B publication Critical patent/CN108553771B/en
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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A62LIFE-SAVING; FIRE-FIGHTING
    • A62CFIRE-FIGHTING
    • A62C3/00Fire prevention, containment or extinguishing specially adapted for particular objects or places
    • A62C3/02Fire prevention, containment or extinguishing specially adapted for particular objects or places for area conflagrations, e.g. forest fires, subterranean fires
    • A62C3/0228Fire prevention, containment or extinguishing specially adapted for particular objects or places for area conflagrations, e.g. forest fires, subterranean fires with delivery of fire extinguishing material by air or aircraft
    • A62C3/0242Fire prevention, containment or extinguishing specially adapted for particular objects or places for area conflagrations, e.g. forest fires, subterranean fires with delivery of fire extinguishing material by air or aircraft by spraying extinguishants from the aircraft
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A62LIFE-SAVING; FIRE-FIGHTING
    • A62CFIRE-FIGHTING
    • A62C31/00Delivery of fire-extinguishing material
    • A62C31/02Nozzles specially adapted for fire-extinguishing
    • A62C31/12Nozzles specially adapted for fire-extinguishing for delivering foam or atomised foam
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B1/00Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools, brushes, or analogous members
    • B08B1/001Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools, brushes, or analogous members characterised by the type of cleaning tool
    • B08B1/002Brushes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B1/00Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools, brushes, or analogous members
    • B08B1/02Cleaning travelling work, e.g. a web, articles on a conveyor
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B5/00Cleaning by methods involving the use of air flow or gas flow
    • B08B5/02Cleaning by the force of jets, e.g. blowing-out cavities
    • B08B5/023Cleaning travelling work
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B64AIRCRAFT; AVIATION; COSMONAUTICS
    • B64CAEROPLANES; HELICOPTERS
    • B64C27/00Rotorcraft; Rotors peculiar thereto
    • B64C27/006Safety devices
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B64AIRCRAFT; AVIATION; COSMONAUTICS
    • B64DEQUIPMENT FOR FITTING IN OR TO AIRCRAFT; FLYING SUITS; PARACHUTES; ARRANGEMENTS OR MOUNTING OF POWER PLANTS OR PROPULSION TRANSMISSIONS IN AIRCRAFT
    • B64D1/00Dropping, ejecting, releasing, or receiving articles, liquids, or the like, in flight
    • B64D1/02Dropping, ejecting, or releasing articles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B64AIRCRAFT; AVIATION; COSMONAUTICS
    • B64DEQUIPMENT FOR FITTING IN OR TO AIRCRAFT; FLYING SUITS; PARACHUTES; ARRANGEMENTS OR MOUNTING OF POWER PLANTS OR PROPULSION TRANSMISSIONS IN AIRCRAFT
    • B64D1/00Dropping, ejecting, releasing, or receiving articles, liquids, or the like, in flight
    • B64D1/16Dropping or releasing powdered, liquid, or gaseous matter, e.g. for fire-fighting
    • B64D1/18Dropping or releasing powdered, liquid, or gaseous matter, e.g. for fire-fighting by spraying, e.g. insecticides
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B64AIRCRAFT; AVIATION; COSMONAUTICS
    • B64DEQUIPMENT FOR FITTING IN OR TO AIRCRAFT; FLYING SUITS; PARACHUTES; ARRANGEMENTS OR MOUNTING OF POWER PLANTS OR PROPULSION TRANSMISSIONS IN AIRCRAFT
    • B64D47/00Equipment not otherwise provided for
    • B64D47/08Arrangements of cameras
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66CCRANES; LOAD-ENGAGING ELEMENTS OR DEVICES FOR CRANES, CAPSTANS, WINCHES, OR TACKLES
    • B66C1/00Load-engaging elements or devices attached to lifting or lowering gear of cranes or adapted for connection therewith for transmitting lifting forces to articles or groups of articles
    • B66C1/10Load-engaging elements or devices attached to lifting or lowering gear of cranes or adapted for connection therewith for transmitting lifting forces to articles or groups of articles by mechanical means
    • B66C1/42Gripping members engaging only the external or internal surfaces of the articles
    • B66C1/44Gripping members engaging only the external or internal surfaces of the articles and applying frictional forces
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66DCAPSTANS; WINCHES; TACKLES, e.g. PULLEY BLOCKS; HOISTS
    • B66D1/00Rope, cable, or chain winding mechanisms; Capstans
    • B66D1/60Rope, cable, or chain winding mechanisms; Capstans adapted for special purposes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B64AIRCRAFT; AVIATION; COSMONAUTICS
    • B64CAEROPLANES; HELICOPTERS
    • B64C2201/00Unmanned aerial vehicles; Equipment therefor
    • B64C2201/02Unmanned aerial vehicles; Equipment therefor characterized by type of aircraft
    • B64C2201/024Helicopters, or autogiros
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B64AIRCRAFT; AVIATION; COSMONAUTICS
    • B64CAEROPLANES; HELICOPTERS
    • B64C2201/00Unmanned aerial vehicles; Equipment therefor
    • B64C2201/12Unmanned aerial vehicles; Equipment therefor adapted for particular use

Abstract

The invention relates to the field of fire rescue, in particular to a fire rescue method, which comprises the following steps: placing rescue goods on a rescue unmanned aerial vehicle; the ground console remotely controls the rescue unmanned aerial vehicle to carry rescue materials to enter a fire scene; the rescue personnel use a camera carried by the rescue unmanned aerial vehicle to search for trapped personnel; after the trapped people are found, the rescue unmanned aerial vehicle approaches the trapped people and delivers rescue goods to the trapped people, and meanwhile, the rescue unmanned aerial vehicle sends position information to the ground control console; and the rescue personnel enter the rescue site according to the position information to rescue the trapped personnel. Rescue unmanned aerial vehicle equipped rescue equipment integrated mechanism can some required goods and materials of integrated package rescue, and fixed establishment can fix the camera, but the outside dust of camera is cleared up to clearance mechanism, and slewing mechanism can make the camera rotatory. The method can realize the reasonable rescue of the trapped people, greatly improve the rescue efficiency and ensure the personal safety of the rescuers.

Description

Fire rescue method
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of fire rescue, in particular to a fire rescue method.
Background
Along with science and technology is popularized, unmanned aerial vehicle also gets into everybody's field of vision gradually, wherein industrial unmanned aerial vehicle also uses gradually in the middle of each field, plays the effect of oneself, especially uses the fire control as the high-risk field of leading, utilizes unmanned aerial vehicle to replace partial manpower action, to the fire prevention trade, its importance is self-evident, combines the actual combat demand of fire control army, and unmanned aerial vehicle can realize the disaster spy in the middle of the fire control army, and the control is tracked etc.
The traditional rescue method is that rescue workers directly enter a rescue site for rescue, and the rescue mode has low efficiency and poor search and rescue effect and has great threat to the personal safety of the rescue workers; meanwhile, the best rescue opportunity is often missed because the rescue cannot be timely achieved. In view of this, in order to improve rescue efficiency, the inventor combines modern science and technology, utilizes unmanned aerial vehicle to carry out the search work of stranded personnel, has replaced traditional personnel to search, has improved rescue efficiency greatly, has strived for a large amount of time for rescue work.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the problems in the prior art, the invention provides a fire rescue method, the unmanned aerial vehicle adopted by the method can drive the whole body to move through the wings of the unmanned aerial vehicle, the rescue equipment collecting mechanism can collect some materials required for rescue, the fixing mechanism can fix the camera, the cleaning mechanism can clean dust on the outer side of the camera, and the rotating mechanism can rotate the camera; the protective cylinder is matched with the filter screen to protect the fins, so that impurities generated by fire can be effectively prevented from entering the fins, the fins are effectively protected, and the service life of the unmanned aerial vehicle is prolonged; the rescue equipment assembling mechanism is additionally arranged, the goods and the materials can be fixed by the clamping mechanism, the goods and the materials can be lifted by the lifting rigid rope matched with the winding machine, so that the goods and the materials can enter the hands of rescued people when necessary, convenience is provided for rescue, and meanwhile, in order to avoid the rescue goods and the materials being damaged, the fire can be extinguished in a mode of spraying foam by the high-pressure spray head; utilize fixed establishment can be to different shapes and equidimension the camera is fixed, is convenient for go on simple to operate simultaneously in the replacement of camera cooperates simultaneously clearance mechanism can be right the dust on camera surface with the mode that the fan blows with the mode that the brush brushed is right the surface of camera is cleared up, ensures to make a video recording clearly, facilitates for the fire rescue.
The technical scheme adopted by the invention for solving the technical problems is as follows: a fire rescue method comprises the following steps:
firstly, placing rescue goods on a rescue unmanned aerial vehicle;
secondly, remotely controlling the rescue unmanned aerial vehicle in the first step by the ground console to carry rescue materials to enter a fire scene;
thirdly, the rescue workers use a camera carried by the rescue unmanned aerial vehicle to search for trapped people;
step four, after the trapped people are found in the step three, the rescue unmanned aerial vehicle approaches the trapped people and delivers rescue goods to the trapped people, and meanwhile, the rescue unmanned aerial vehicle sends position information to the ground console;
step five, the rescue workers enter a rescue site according to the position information in the step four to rescue the trapped people;
the rescue unmanned aerial vehicle adopted in the method comprises unmanned aerial vehicle wings, an unmanned aerial vehicle body, a rescue equipment assembling mechanism, a fixing mechanism, a cleaning mechanism, a camera and a rotating mechanism, wherein the unmanned aerial vehicle wings with protection functions are fixed on two sides of the unmanned aerial vehicle body, and the bottom of the unmanned aerial vehicle body is connected with the rotating mechanism; the bottom of the rotating mechanism fixes the camera through the fixing mechanism, and the cleaning mechanism for cleaning the camera is arranged between the camera and the fixing mechanism; the lateral part of unmanned aerial vehicle organism is equipped with rescue equipment integrated equipment constructs.
Specifically, the unmanned aerial vehicle wing comprises a filter screen, a through hole, a wing and a protective cylinder, the protective cylinder is fixed on the side part of the unmanned aerial vehicle body, and the filter screen is arranged inside the protective cylinder; the surface of the protection cylinder is provided with the through hole, the fin is arranged in the protection cylinder, when the protection cylinder is used, the fin rotates at a high speed, the produced pressure difference enables the unmanned aerial vehicle to ascend, the filter screen can effectively block, and various impurities generated by fire disasters are prevented from causing damage to the fin.
Specifically, cylindrical structure the top and the bottom of a protection section of thick bamboo are all fixed the filter screen, just a protection section of thick bamboo's surperficial equidistance is equipped with a plurality of the through-hole is in order to avoid dispelling the heat to inside, increases the air volume.
Specifically, the rescue equipment container mechanism comprises a winding machine, a lifting rigid rope, a support rod and a clamping mechanism, wherein the support rod is fixed on two sides of the unmanned aerial vehicle body, and the winding machine is fixed on the side part of the support rod; the surface of the winding machine is wound with the lifting rigid rope, and the bottom of the lifting rigid rope is fixed with the clamping mechanism; the surface of the supporting rod is provided with a sliding groove, rescue goods and materials can be clamped and fixed in the clamping mechanism, then the clamping mechanism is moved to a fire place by using an unmanned aerial vehicle, the winding machine is rotated, the lifting steel rope is loosened, the clamping mechanism slides downwards along with the supporting rod, and the rescue goods and materials are delivered to hands of people needing rescue goods and materials.
Specifically, the clamping mechanism comprises a spring, a collecting cavity, a high-pressure spray head, a supporting plate, an insertion rod, a rubber block and a supporting seat, the inside of the sliding chute is connected with the supporting plate in a sliding mode, and the inside of the supporting plate is connected with the insertion rod through the spring; the rubber block is fixed on the side part of the inserted rod, and the supporting seat is fixed at the bottom of the inserted rod; the inside of layer board forms the collection dress chamber, just the bottom in collection dress chamber communicates the high pressure nozzle, when carrying out rescue goods and materials's fixed, the pull the inserted bar makes the spring stretched, utilizes the strength that the spring kick-backed makes the inserted bar fix the goods and materials.
Specifically, the inserted link adopts an L-shaped structure, and the bottom of the inserted link is bonded with the rubber block; the rubber block is of an arc-shaped structure, the side part of the rubber block is of a tooth-shaped structure, and materials are fixed by the aid of the rubber block, so that the materials are prevented from falling off.
Specifically, the rotating mechanism comprises a connecting box, a first motor, a rotating shaft, a second motor and a connecting block, the connecting box is fixed at the bottom of the unmanned aerial vehicle body, and the first motor is arranged inside the connecting box; the rotating shaft is fixed at the bottom of the first motor, and the connecting block is arranged at the bottom of the rotating shaft; and the second motor is arranged on the side part of the connecting block.
Specifically, the fixing mechanism comprises a first clamping plate, a limiting plate, a screw, a second clamping plate and an illuminating lamp, the first clamping plate is rotatably connected with the connecting block, and one end of the first clamping plate is connected with the second motor; the bottom of the first clamping plate is connected with the second clamping plate through the screw rod, and the illuminating lamp is arranged at the bottom of the second clamping plate; first splint with the lateral part of second splint is equipped with the limiting plate, will the camera is located first splint with the inside of second splint can realize right the camera is fixed, the limiting plate is spacing to the camera, avoids the landing of camera, the light can be convenient for by the personnel of rescuing can seek fast and discover unmanned aerial vehicle.
Specifically, the middle of the first clamping plate is of a semicircular structure, the first clamping plate and the second clamping plate are identical in structure and are arranged oppositely, and the cameras in different shapes are fixed.
Specifically, the cleaning mechanism comprises a connecting rod, an electric push rod, a back plate, a brush and a fan, the connecting rod is fixed on the side part of the connecting box, and the electric push rod is arranged at the bottom of the connecting rod; the bottom of the electric push rod is fixed with the back plate, and the side part of the back plate is provided with the hairbrush; the lateral part of first splint is fixed the fan, electric putter can promote the backplate gliding makes under the brush with the camera is on a water flat line, can utilize the brush pairing rotation the camera is cleared up, can be right through the fan the floating dust on camera surface is cleared up.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
(1) according to the fire rescue method, the protective cylinder is matched with the filter screen to protect the fins, so that impurities generated by fire can be effectively prevented from entering the fins, the fins are effectively protected, and the service life of the unmanned aerial vehicle is prolonged.
(2) According to the fire-fighting rescue method, the rescue equipment assembling mechanism is additionally arranged, materials can be fixed by the clamping mechanism, the lifting rigid rope is matched with the winding machine to lift the materials, so that the materials can enter the hands of rescued people when necessary, convenience is provided for rescue, and meanwhile, in order to avoid damage to the rescue materials, the high-pressure spray head can spray foam to extinguish fire.
(3) According to the fire rescue method, the cameras with different shapes and sizes can be fixed by the fixing mechanism, replacement and installation of the cameras are facilitated, and meanwhile, the cleaning mechanism is matched to clean dust on the surfaces of the cameras in a fan blowing mode and a brush brushing mode, so that clear shooting is guaranteed, and convenience is brought to fire rescue.
Drawings
The invention is further illustrated with reference to the following figures and examples.
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of an unmanned aerial vehicle adopted in the method;
fig. 2 is a schematic structural view of the wing of the drone shown in fig. 1;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the clamping mechanism shown in FIG. 1;
FIG. 4 is an enlarged view of the structure at A shown in FIG. 3;
fig. 5 is a schematic view of a connection structure of the fixing mechanism, the cleaning mechanism, the camera and the rotating mechanism.
In the figure: 1. unmanned aerial vehicle wing, 11, the filter screen, 12, the through-hole, 13, the fin, 14, a protection section of thick bamboo, 2, the unmanned aerial vehicle organism, 3, rescue equipment integrated package mechanism, 31, the coiling machine, 32, promote just rope, 33, the bracing piece, 331, the spout, 34, clamping mechanism, 341, the spring, 342, the collection dress chamber, 343, high pressure nozzle, 344, the layer board, 345, the inserted bar, 346, the rubber block, 347, the supporting seat, 4, fixed establishment, 41, first splint, 42, the limiting plate, 43, the screw rod, 44, the second splint, 45, the light, 5, clearance mechanism, 51, the connecting rod, 52, electric putter, 53, the backplate, 54, the brush, 55, the fan, 6, the camera, 7, slewing mechanism, 71, the connecting box, 72, first motor, 73, the pivot, 74, the second motor, 75, the connecting block.
Detailed Description
In order to make the technical means, the creation characteristics, the achievement purposes and the effects of the invention easy to understand, the invention is further described with the specific embodiments.
As shown in fig. 1, the fire rescue method of the present invention includes the following steps:
firstly, placing rescue goods on a rescue unmanned aerial vehicle;
secondly, remotely controlling the rescue unmanned aerial vehicle in the first step by the ground console to carry rescue materials to enter a fire scene;
thirdly, the rescue workers use a camera carried by the rescue unmanned aerial vehicle to search for trapped people;
step four, after the trapped people are found in the step three, the rescue unmanned aerial vehicle approaches the trapped people and delivers rescue goods to the trapped people, and meanwhile, the rescue unmanned aerial vehicle sends position information to the ground console;
step five, the rescue workers enter a rescue site according to the position information in the step four to rescue the trapped people;
the rescue unmanned aerial vehicle adopted in the method comprises an unmanned aerial vehicle wing 1, an unmanned aerial vehicle body 2, a rescue equipment assembling mechanism 3, a fixing mechanism 4, a cleaning mechanism 5, a camera 6 and a rotating mechanism 7, wherein the unmanned aerial vehicle wing 1 with a protection effect is fixed on two sides of the unmanned aerial vehicle body 2, and the bottom of the unmanned aerial vehicle body 2 is connected with the rotating mechanism 7; the bottom of the rotating mechanism 7 fixes the camera 6 through the fixing mechanism 4, and the cleaning mechanism 5 for cleaning the camera 6 is arranged between the camera 6 and the fixing mechanism 4; the lateral part of unmanned aerial vehicle organism 2 is equipped with rescue equipment integrated mechanism 3.
Specifically, as shown in fig. 1 and 2, the unmanned aerial vehicle wing 1 includes a filter screen 11, a through hole 12, a wing 13 and a protective cylinder 14, the protective cylinder 14 is fixed to a side portion of the unmanned aerial vehicle body 2, and the filter screen 11 is arranged inside the protective cylinder 14; the through hole 12 is opened on the surface of the protection cylinder 14, the fin 13 is arranged in the protection cylinder 14, when the unmanned aerial vehicle protection device is used, the fin 13 rotates at a high speed, the pressure difference generated enables the unmanned aerial vehicle to ascend, the filter screen 11 can effectively block, and damage to the fin 13 caused by various impurities generated by fire is avoided.
Specifically, as shown in fig. 1 and 2, the top end and the bottom end of the protection cylinder 14 of the cylindrical structure are both fixed to the filter screen 11, and the surface of the protection cylinder 14 is provided with a plurality of equidistant through holes 12, so as to avoid heat dissipation to the inside and increase the ventilation volume.
Specifically, as shown in fig. 1, the rescue equipment assembling mechanism 3 includes a winding machine 31, a lifting rigid rope 32, a support rod 33 and a clamping mechanism 34, the support rod 33 is fixed at two sides of the unmanned aerial vehicle body 2, and the winding machine 31 is fixed at the side of the support rod 33; the surface of the winding machine 31 is wound with the lifting steel rope 32, and the bottom of the lifting steel rope 32 is fixed with the clamping mechanism 34; the surface of the supporting rod 33 is provided with a sliding groove 331, so that rescue goods can be clamped and fixed in the clamping mechanism 34, and then the clamping mechanism is moved to a fire place by using an unmanned aerial vehicle, the winding machine 31 is rotated, the lifting rigid rope 32 is loosened, the clamping mechanism 34 slides downwards along with the supporting rod 33, and the rescue goods are delivered to the hands of people needing rescue goods.
Specifically, as shown in fig. 3 and 4, the clamping mechanism 34 includes a spring 341, a containing cavity 342, a high pressure nozzle 343, a supporting plate 344, an inserting rod 345, a rubber block 346 and a supporting seat 347, the inside of the sliding groove 331 is slidably connected with the supporting plate 344, and the inside of the supporting plate 344 is connected with the inserting rod 345 through the spring 341; the side part of the plug rod 345 fixes the rubber block 346, and the bottom part of the plug rod 345 fixes the supporting seat 347; the assembly cavity 342 is formed inside the supporting plate 344, and the bottom of the assembly cavity 342 is communicated with the high pressure nozzle 343, so that when the rescue material is fixed, the inserting rod 345 is pulled to stretch the spring 341, and the material is fixed by the inserting rod 345 by the resilience force of the spring 341.
Specifically, as shown in fig. 3 and 4, the plug rod 345 adopts an L-shaped structure, and the bottom of the plug rod 345 is bonded with the rubber block 346; the rubber block 346 is of an arc-shaped structure, the side portion of the rubber block 346 is of a tooth-shaped structure, and materials are fixed by the rubber block 346, so that the materials are prevented from falling off.
Specifically, as shown in fig. 1 and 5, the rotating mechanism 7 includes a connecting box 71, a first motor 72, a rotating shaft 73, a second motor 74 and a connecting block 75, the connecting box 71 is fixed at the bottom of the unmanned aerial vehicle body 2, and the first motor 72 is arranged inside the connecting box 71; the rotating shaft 73 is fixed at the bottom of the first motor 72, and the connecting block 75 is arranged at the bottom of the rotating shaft 73; the second motor 74 is disposed at a side of the connection block 75, the first motor 72 drives the rotation shaft 73 to rotate, so that the camera 6 can rotate in a horizontal direction, and the second motor 74 rotates to rotate the camera 6 in a vertical direction.
Specifically, as shown in fig. 1 and 5, the fixing mechanism 4 includes a first clamping plate 41, a limiting plate 42, a screw 43, a second clamping plate 44 and an illuminating lamp 45, the first clamping plate 41 is rotatably connected to the connecting block 75, and one end of the first clamping plate 41 is connected to the second motor 74; the bottom of the first clamping plate 41 is connected with the second clamping plate 44 through the screw 43, and the illuminating lamp 45 is arranged at the bottom of the second clamping plate 44; first splint 41 with the lateral part of second splint 44 is equipped with limiting plate 42 will camera 6 is located first splint 41 with the inside of second splint 44 can realize right camera 6 is fixed, limiting plate 42 is spacing to the camera, avoids camera 6's landing, the personnel that can be convenient for to be rescued of light 45 can seek fast and discover unmanned aerial vehicle.
Specifically, as shown in fig. 1 and 5, a semicircular structure is adopted in the middle of the first clamping plate 41, and the first clamping plate 41 and the second clamping plate 44 are identical in structure and are oppositely arranged, so as to fix the cameras 6 with different shapes.
Specifically, as shown in fig. 1 and 5, the cleaning mechanism 5 includes a connecting rod 51, an electric push rod 52, a back plate 53, a brush 54 and a fan 55, the connecting rod 51 is fixed to a side portion of the connecting box 71, and the electric push rod 52 is arranged at the bottom of the connecting rod 51; the bottom of the electric push rod 52 is fixed with the back plate 53, and the side part of the back plate 53 is provided with the brush 54; the fan 55 is fixed to the side of the first clamping plate 41, the electric push rod 52 can push the back plate 53 to slide downwards, so that the brush 54 and the camera 6 are on the same horizontal line, the brush 54 can be used for cleaning the camera 6 rotating, and floating dust on the surface of the camera 6 can be cleaned through the fan 55.
The unmanned aerial vehicle wing 1 can drive the whole to move, the rescue equipment collecting mechanism 3 can collect some materials required for rescue, the fixing mechanism 4 can fix the camera 6, the cleaning mechanism 5 can clean dust on the outer side of the camera 6, and the rotating mechanism 7 can enable the camera 6 to rotate; the method specifically comprises the following steps:
(1) can be fixed in rescue goods and materials centre gripping clamping mechanism 34's inside, when carrying out rescue goods and materials fixed, the pull the inserted bar 345 makes spring 341 is stretched, utilizes the strength that spring 341 kick-backs makes inserted bar 345 fixes the goods and materials, selects suitably camera 6 will camera 6 locates first splint 41 with the inside of second splint 44, can realize right camera 6 fixes, limiting plate 42 is right camera 6 carries on spacingly, avoids camera 6's landing.
(2) Then starting the unmanned aerial vehicle, entering a fire area in a remote control mode, moving the unmanned aerial vehicle to a fire place, driving the rotating shaft 73 to rotate by using the first motor 72 when shooting, so that the camera 6 can rotate in the horizontal direction, and rotating the camera 6 in the vertical direction by using the rotation of the second motor 74; when the materials need to be lowered for rescue, the winding machine 31 is rotated, the lifting rigid rope 32 is loosened, the clamping mechanism 34 slides downwards along with the supporting rod 33, the rescue materials are delivered to the hands of the people needing rescue, and the high-pressure nozzle 343 can be opened to spray the fire extinguishing foam in the collecting cavity 342 for fire extinguishing if necessary, so that the materials are prevented from being damaged.
(3) If the camera 6 needs to be cleaned, the electric push rod 52 can push the back plate 53 to slide downwards, so that the lower part of the brush 54 and the camera 6 are on the same horizontal line, the brush 54 can be used for cleaning the rotating camera 6, and floating dust on the surface of the camera 6 can be cleaned through the fan 55.
According to the unmanned aerial vehicle for fire rescue, the wing pieces 13 are protected in a mode that the protective cylinder 14 is matched with the filter screen 11, so that impurities generated by fire can be effectively prevented from entering the wing pieces 13, the wing pieces 13 are effectively protected, and the service life of the unmanned aerial vehicle is prolonged; the rescue equipment assembling mechanism 3 is additionally arranged, the goods and materials can be fixed by the clamping mechanism 34, the goods and materials can be lifted by the lifting rigid rope 32 and the winding machine 31, so that the goods and materials can enter the hands of rescued people when necessary, convenience is provided for rescue, and meanwhile, in order to avoid the situation that the rescue goods and materials are damaged, the high-pressure spray head 343 can spray foam to extinguish fire; utilize fixed establishment 4 can be to different shapes and equidimension camera 6 is fixed, is convenient for go on camera 6's replacement is simple to operate simultaneously, cooperates simultaneously clearance mechanism 5 can be right the dust on camera 6 surface with the mode that fan 55 blew and the mode that brush 54 brushed is right camera 6's surface is cleared up, ensures to make a video recording clearly, facilitates for the fire rescue.
The foregoing illustrates and describes the principles, general features, and advantages of the present invention. It will be understood by those skilled in the art that the present invention is not limited to the embodiments described above, and the embodiments and descriptions given above are only illustrative of the principles of the present invention, and various changes and modifications may be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention, which fall within the scope of the claims. The scope of the invention is defined by the appended claims and equivalents thereof.

Claims (2)

1. A fire rescue method is characterized by comprising the following steps:
firstly, placing rescue goods on a rescue unmanned aerial vehicle;
secondly, remotely controlling the rescue unmanned aerial vehicle in the first step by the ground console to carry rescue materials to enter a fire scene;
thirdly, the rescue workers use a camera carried by the rescue unmanned aerial vehicle to search for trapped people;
step four, after the trapped people are found in the step three, the rescue unmanned aerial vehicle approaches the trapped people and delivers rescue goods to the trapped people, and meanwhile, the rescue unmanned aerial vehicle sends position information to the ground console;
step five, the rescue workers enter a rescue site according to the position information in the step four to rescue the trapped people;
the rescue unmanned aerial vehicle adopted in the method comprises unmanned aerial vehicle wings (1), an unmanned aerial vehicle body (2), a rescue equipment assembling mechanism (3), a fixing mechanism (4), a cleaning mechanism (5), a camera (6) and a rotating mechanism (7), wherein the unmanned aerial vehicle wings (1) with a protection effect are fixed on two sides of the unmanned aerial vehicle body (2), and the bottom of the unmanned aerial vehicle body (2) is connected with the rotating mechanism (7); the bottom of the rotating mechanism (7) is used for fixing the camera (6) through the fixing mechanism (4), and the cleaning mechanism (5) used for cleaning the camera (6) is arranged between the camera (6) and the fixing mechanism (4); the rescue equipment assembling mechanism (3) is arranged on the side part of the unmanned aerial vehicle body (2);
the unmanned aerial vehicle wing (1) comprises a filter screen (11), through holes (12), fins (13) and a protective cylinder (14), the protective cylinder (14) is fixed on the side part of the unmanned aerial vehicle body (2), and the filter screen (11) is arranged inside the protective cylinder (14); the through hole (12) is formed in the surface of the protective cylinder (14), and the fin (13) is arranged in the protective cylinder (14);
the filter screen (11) is fixed at the top end and the bottom end of the protective cylinder (14) of the cylindrical structure, and a plurality of through holes (12) are arranged on the surface of the protective cylinder (14) at equal intervals;
the rescue equipment assembling mechanism (3) comprises a winding machine (31), a lifting rigid rope (32), a support rod (33) and a clamping mechanism (34), the support rod (33) is fixed on two sides of the unmanned aerial vehicle body (2), and the side part of the support rod (33) is fixed on the winding machine (31); the surface of the winding machine (31) is wound with the lifting steel rope (32), and the bottom of the lifting steel rope (32) is fixed with the clamping mechanism (34); a sliding groove (331) is formed in the surface of the supporting rod (33);
the clamping mechanism (34) comprises a spring (341), a container cavity (342), a high-pressure sprayer (343), a supporting plate (344), an insert rod (345), a rubber block (346) and a supporting seat (347), the inner part of the sliding groove (331) is connected with the supporting plate (344) in a sliding mode, and the inner part of the supporting plate (344) is connected with the insert rod (345) through the spring (341); the side part of the plug rod (345) fixes the rubber block (346), and the bottom part of the plug rod (345) fixes the supporting seat (347); the inner part of the supporting plate (344) forms the assembly cavity (342), and the bottom of the assembly cavity (342) is communicated with the high-pressure spray head (343);
the plug rod (345) adopts an L-shaped structure, and the bottom of the plug rod (345) is bonded with the rubber block (346); the rubber block (346) adopts an arc-shaped structure, and the side part of the rubber block (346) adopts a tooth-shaped structure;
the rotating mechanism (7) comprises a connecting box (71), a first motor (72), a rotating shaft (73), a second motor (74) and a connecting block (75), the connecting box (71) is fixed at the bottom of the unmanned aerial vehicle body (2), and the first motor (72) is arranged inside the connecting box (71); the rotating shaft (73) is fixed at the bottom of the first motor (72), and the connecting block (75) is arranged at the bottom of the rotating shaft (73); the second motor (74) is arranged on the side of the connecting block (75);
the fixing mechanism (4) comprises a first clamping plate (41), a limiting plate (42), a screw (43), a second clamping plate (44) and an illuminating lamp (45), the first clamping plate (41) is rotatably connected with the connecting block (75), and one end of the first clamping plate (41) is connected with the second motor (74); the bottom of the first clamping plate (41) is connected with the second clamping plate (44) through the screw rod (43), and the bottom of the second clamping plate (44) is provided with the illuminating lamp (45); the limiting plates (42) are arranged on the side parts of the first clamping plate (41) and the second clamping plate (44);
the middle of the first clamping plate (41) adopts a semicircular structure, and the first clamping plate (41) and the second clamping plate (44) have the same structure and are oppositely arranged;
when the device works, rescue goods and materials can be clamped and fixed in the clamping mechanism (34), when the rescue goods and materials are fixed, the inserting rod (345) is pulled and pulled, the spring (341) is stretched, the inserting rod (345) is used for fixing the goods and materials by utilizing the resilience force of the spring (341), the proper camera (6) is selected, the camera (6) is arranged in the first clamping plate (41) and the second clamping plate (44), the camera (6) can be fixed, and the limiting plate (42) limits the camera (6) to avoid the camera (6) from sliding down;
then starting the unmanned aerial vehicle, enabling the unmanned aerial vehicle to enter a fire area in a remote control mode, moving the unmanned aerial vehicle to a fire place by using the unmanned aerial vehicle, driving the rotating shaft (73) to rotate by using the first motor (72) when shooting, enabling the camera (6) to rotate in the horizontal direction, and enabling the camera (6) to rotate in the vertical direction by using the rotation of the second motor (74); when the materials need to be lowered for rescue, the winding machine (31) is rotated, the lifting rigid rope (32) is loosened, the clamping mechanism (34) slides downwards along with the supporting rod (33) to deliver the rescue materials to the hands of the people needing rescue, and the high-pressure spray head (343) can be opened to spray the fire extinguishing foam in the collecting cavity (342) to extinguish fire if necessary, so that the materials are prevented from being damaged;
if need carry out the clearance of camera (6), then electric putter (52) can promote backplate (53) gliding, make under brush (54) with camera (6) are on a water flat line, can utilize brush (54) to the pairing rotation camera (6) clear up, can be right through fan (55) the dust superficial on camera (6) surface is cleared up.
2. A fire rescue method as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the cleaning mechanism (5) comprises a connecting rod (51), an electric push rod (52), a back plate (53), a brush (54) and a fan (55), the connecting rod (51) is fixed on the side of the connecting box (71), and the electric push rod (52) is arranged at the bottom of the connecting rod (51); the bottom of the electric push rod (52) is fixed with the back plate (53), and the side part of the back plate (53) is provided with the hairbrush (54); the fan (55) is fixed on the side of the first clamping plate (41).
CN201810339950.5A 2018-04-16 2018-04-16 Fire rescue method Active CN108553771B (en)

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CN109701178B (en) * 2019-01-14 2020-12-29 四川江州建筑劳务有限公司 Water cannon jet type rescue method and system for unmanned aerial vehicle patrol around building monitoring
CN109795706A (en) * 2019-01-15 2019-05-24 广州市欧伊若科技有限公司 A kind of flight instruments for photography of taking photo by plane with dust reduction capability
CN110104193A (en) * 2019-05-21 2019-08-09 河南大域航空科技有限公司 Unmanned plane fire-fighting emergent total system
CN209823879U (en) * 2019-07-30 2019-12-20 苏州领速电子科技有限公司 Camera lens of racing unmanned aerial vehicle

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