CN108545666A - A kind of fork truck - Google Patents

A kind of fork truck Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108545666A
CN108545666A CN201810292460.4A CN201810292460A CN108545666A CN 108545666 A CN108545666 A CN 108545666A CN 201810292460 A CN201810292460 A CN 201810292460A CN 108545666 A CN108545666 A CN 108545666A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
fork
pallet
cylinder
fork truck
pallet fork
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201810292460.4A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
井国宁
王梦梦
王灿灿
Original Assignee
王灿灿
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 王灿灿 filed Critical 王灿灿
Priority to CN201810292460.4A priority Critical patent/CN108545666A/en
Publication of CN108545666A publication Critical patent/CN108545666A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66FHOISTING, LIFTING, HAULING OR PUSHING, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, e.g. DEVICES WHICH APPLY A LIFTING OR PUSHING FORCE DIRECTLY TO THE SURFACE OF A LOAD
    • B66F9/00Devices for lifting or lowering bulky or heavy goods for loading or unloading purposes
    • B66F9/06Devices for lifting or lowering bulky or heavy goods for loading or unloading purposes movable, with their loads, on wheels or the like, e.g. fork-lift trucks
    • B66F9/075Constructional features or details
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66FHOISTING, LIFTING, HAULING OR PUSHING, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, e.g. DEVICES WHICH APPLY A LIFTING OR PUSHING FORCE DIRECTLY TO THE SURFACE OF A LOAD
    • B66F9/00Devices for lifting or lowering bulky or heavy goods for loading or unloading purposes
    • B66F9/06Devices for lifting or lowering bulky or heavy goods for loading or unloading purposes movable, with their loads, on wheels or the like, e.g. fork-lift trucks
    • B66F9/075Constructional features or details
    • B66F9/12Platforms; Forks; Other load supporting or gripping members
    • B66F9/14Platforms; Forks; Other load supporting or gripping members laterally movable, e.g. swingable, for slewing or transverse movements
    • B66F9/142Movements of forks either individually or relative to each other
    • B66F9/144Movements of forks relative to each other - independent
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66FHOISTING, LIFTING, HAULING OR PUSHING, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, e.g. DEVICES WHICH APPLY A LIFTING OR PUSHING FORCE DIRECTLY TO THE SURFACE OF A LOAD
    • B66F9/00Devices for lifting or lowering bulky or heavy goods for loading or unloading purposes
    • B66F9/06Devices for lifting or lowering bulky or heavy goods for loading or unloading purposes movable, with their loads, on wheels or the like, e.g. fork-lift trucks
    • B66F9/075Constructional features or details
    • B66F9/20Means for actuating or controlling masts, platforms, or forks
    • B66F9/22Hydraulic devices or systems

Abstract

A kind of fork truck is mainly made of vehicle body, crane, cross slide way, longitudinal rail, laterally driven cylinder, pallet fork, zigzag tread patterns cylinder, weighing sensor, data acquisition and display system.A kind of fork truck can drive two pallet fork levels to be moved horizontally by laterally driven cylinder, the folding range of two pallet forks can be controlled by controlling laterally driven cylinder, to adapt to the carrying of different size cargos.Simultaneously, sensor on pallet fork can measure the power that each pallet fork is born, and power is shown to fork lift operators by data acquisition and display system, to help operator to judge that whether rationally the vent that rises of fork truck sets, can cargo be stablized on pallet fork, once finding that two measuring force difference are excessive, can put down cargo, driving pallet fork moves horizontally, and has readjusted vent and has set.Also, it can carry out a certain range respectively by means of two pallet fork of longitudinal rail to move up and down, the carrying requirement of special cargo increases the scope of application of fork truck.

Description

A kind of fork truck
The present invention relates to a kind of goods delivery means, more particularly to a kind of fork truck.
Background technology
Fork truck is industrial transportation vehicle, refer to member pallet cargo is loaded and unloaded, stacking and short distance hauling operation Various wheeled carrying vehicles.Fork truck plays very important role in the logistics system of enterprise, is in material conveyance equipment Main force.Fork truck is widely used in port and pier, the medium-sized cargo of open depot carries promotion and container operation.
It is required for operating personnel suitably to be adjusted to pallet fork level folding range using manpower under many operating modes, with suitable Answer the carrying of different size cargos.Forklift operator work often only by virtue of experience and to estimating for cargo mass is come when operating fork truck Adjustment pallet fork plays vent and sets, and work is forked and transport with complete cargo.The vent that rises of two pallet forks is set significantly partially in many cases It from center of gravity of goods, results in cargo and places shakiness on pallet fork, in fork truck transport process, once being fluctuated by road surface, be easy It causes cargo to turn over to fall and damage.
Common fork truck, which is often two pallet forks, must keep synchronous altitude.There is no special fork truck wood composite pallet special at some Under different operating mode, by taking Fig. 5 as an example, shown cargo shape is difficult to meet two pallet forks forks requirement in sustained height.Cause to turn Fortune is difficult, transports dangerous high.In view of the above circumstances, the present invention provides a kind of fork trucks.
Invention content
The present invention in view of the above-mentioned problems existing in the prior art, proposes a kind of fork truck, and a kind of fork truck can pass through cross It drives two pallet forks to be moved horizontally to driving cylinder, so as to adjust a position for fork is played, avoids the overall movement of fork truck to just, Efficiency is improved, the using flexible of fork truck is increased.Meanwhile the folding of two pallet forks can be controlled by controlling laterally driven cylinder Range avoids the folding of manually directly mobile pallet fork, reduces staff to adapt to the carrying of different size cargos Working strength, improve work efficiency.Meanwhile the sensor on pallet fork can measure the power that each pallet fork is born, and will Power is shown to fork lift operators by data acquisition and display system, to help operator judge fork truck rise a vent set whether Rationally, can cargo be stablized on pallet fork.Operator can by drive two pallet forks move horizontally adjusted pitch position.Pole Damage risk during big reduction cargo transfer reduces hand labor intensity.Also, it can be with by means of two pallet fork of longitudinal rail A certain range is carried out respectively to move up and down, and to adapt to the carrying requirement of special cargo, is increased the scope of application of fork truck, is improved It is transported the safety of cargo.
The invention is realized by the following technical scheme:
A kind of fork truck is mainly by vehicle body, crane, cross slide way, longitudinal rail, laterally driven cylinder, pallet fork, zigzag tread patterns Cylinder, weighing sensor, data acquisition and display system composition.
The crane is mounted on fork truck vehicle body, the driving equipped with drive motor and control crane lifting in vehicle body Mechanism.
The crane tightens Guan County and cross slide way is housed, and cross slide way and two longitudinal rails match, and makes two to indulge Direction guiding rail can transversely guide rail slides respectively.The sliding of the longitudinal rail transversely guide rail drives by laterally driven cylinder.
Two pallet forks of the longitudinal rail and fork truck match, allow pallet fork respectively along respective longitudinal rail above and below It is mobile.The longitudinal movement of the pallet fork drives by zigzag tread patterns cylinder.
The lifting of the crane can drive cross slide way, longitudinal rail, laterally driven cylinder, pallet fork and zigzag tread patterns cylinder It is lifted Deng whole.
Weighing sensor is installed between the external part and pallet fork of the zigzag tread patterns cylinder.The weighing sensor can be with Measure the power that each pallet fork is undertaken in guide rail direction along longitudinal direction, and by data acquisition and display system by numerical value real-time display To fork lift operators, operator is helped to have judged that whether rationally vent sets, it is excessive whether center of gravity of goods deviates, and whether there is or not danger of tumbling Danger.Fork lift operators have once thought that vent is set unreasonable, can put down cargo at once, control laterally driven cylinder driving pallet fork Carry out lateral position adjustment.
The advantage of the invention is that:A kind of fork truck can drive two pallet fork carry out level shiftings by laterally driven cylinder It is dynamic, so as to adjust the position of fork is played, the overall movement of fork truck is avoided to just, improving efficiency, increases the using flexible of fork truck Property.Meanwhile the folding range of two pallet forks can be controlled by controlling laterally driven cylinder, to adapt to removing for different size cargos Fortune avoids the folding of manually directly mobile pallet fork, reduces the working strength of staff, improve work efficiency. Meanwhile the sensor on pallet fork can measure the power that each pallet fork is born, and power is shown by data acquisition and display system Show that, to fork lift operators, to help operator to judge that whether rationally the vent that rises of fork truck sets, can cargo be stablized on pallet fork. Operator can by drive two pallet forks move horizontally adjusted pitch position.Cargo transfer is greatly reduced to damage in the process Risk reduces hand labor intensity.Also, a certain range can be carried out respectively by means of two pallet fork of longitudinal rail to move up and down, To adapt to the carrying requirement of special cargo, the scope of application of fork truck is increased, the safety for being transported cargo is improved.
Description of the drawings
A kind of fork truck overall schematics of Fig. 1;
Fig. 2 forklift truck goods frame schematic diagrames;
The horizontal and vertical guide rail scheme of installation of Fig. 3 shelf;
The structural schematic diagram of Fig. 4 pallet forks;
A kind of cargos of Fig. 5;
Fig. 6 fork trucks fork a kind of cargo schematic diagram shown in Fig. 5;
Reference numeral:1- vehicle bodies;2- cranes;3- cross slide ways;4- longitudinal rails;The laterally driven cylinders of 5-;6- pallet forks;7- Zigzag tread patterns cylinder;8- weighing sensors;9- cargos.
Specific implementation mode
Following will be combined with the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and technical solution in the embodiment of the present invention is specifically retouched It states, embodiment as described below is only a part of the embodiment of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of fork truck is mainly by vehicle body (1), crane (2), cross slide way (3), longitudinal rail (4), cross It (is not marked in figure to driving cylinder (5), pallet fork (6), zigzag tread patterns cylinder (7), weighing sensor (8), data acquisition and display system Go out) composition.
The crane (2) is mounted on fork truck vehicle body (1), and drive motor and control crane are equipped in vehicle body (1) (2) the driving mechanism (not shown) lifted;Drive motor can be oil-burning machine, can also be motor.
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2 and Figure 3, the crane (2) tightens Guan County and cross slide way (3) is housed, cross slide way (3) and Two longitudinal rails (4) match, and make two longitudinal rails (4) can transversely guide rail (3) sliding respectively.The longitudinal rail (4) transversely the sliding of guide rail drives by laterally driven cylinder (5).
The laterally driven cylinder (5) is hydraulic cylinder or electric putter.As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2 and Figure 3, the laterally driven cylinder (5) external part is connected with longitudinal rail (4), and laterally driven cylinder (5) fixing end is connected with cross slide way (3).
Two pallet forks (6) of the longitudinal rail (4) and fork truck match, and make pallet fork (6) can be respectively along respective vertical Direction guiding rail (4) moves up and down.The longitudinal movement of the pallet fork (6) drives by zigzag tread patterns cylinder (7).
The zigzag tread patterns cylinder (7) is hydraulic cylinder or electric putter.As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, the zigzag tread patterns cylinder (7) External part and pallet fork (6) fastening installation, zigzag tread patterns cylinder (7) fixing end and longitudinal rail (4) fastening installation.
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, Figure 3 and Figure 4, have on the cross slide way (3), longitudinal rail (4) and pallet fork (6) mutually The groove or tongue of slide fit.
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, the lifting of the crane (2) can drive cross slide way (3), longitudinal rail (4), transverse direction Driving cylinder (5), pallet fork (6) and zigzag tread patterns cylinder (7) etc. are integrally lifted.
As shown in Figure 1, being equipped with weighing sensor between the external part and pallet fork (6) of the zigzag tread patterns cylinder (7) (8).The weighing sensor (8) can measure the power that each pallet fork (6) is undertaken on guide rail (4) direction along longitudinal direction, and pass through Numerical value real-time display to fork lift operators, is helped operator to judge that whether rationally vent sets by data acquisition and display system, It is excessive whether center of gravity of goods deviates, and whether there is or not rollover risks.Once the force difference undertaken on two pallet forks of display (6) is not excessive, then it is assumed that It plays vent and sets unreasonable, there is risk of toppling.Operator can put down cargo at once, control laterally driven cylinder (5) driving pallet fork (6) Carry out lateral position adjustment.
As shown in figure 5, enumerating an example fork truck needs the cargo (9) transported.The cargo (9) is a desk, desk one There is drawer in side, and resulting in desk has one end height dimension of drawer big, and the side height dimension of drawer is not small, and size differs Great disparity.For the fork truck that can only be lifted simultaneously for two pallet forks, it is difficult to smoothly cargo (9) be forked and be transported.Such as Fig. 6 The type fork truck that is shown, being proposed in the present invention, two pallet forks (6) can lift respectively in a certain range, to adapt to cargo (9) Features of shape, then, by driving crane (2) to drive pallet fork (6) and cargo (9) integral elevating and transhipment.
The advantage of the invention is that:A kind of fork truck can drive two pallet forks (6) to carry out by laterally driven cylinder (5) It moves horizontally, so as to adjust the position of fork is played, avoids the overall movement of fork truck to just, improving efficiency, increase making for fork truck Use flexibility.Meanwhile the folding range of two pallet forks (6) can be controlled by controlling laterally driven cylinder (5), to adapt to different rulers The carrying of very little cargo avoids the folding of manually directly mobile pallet fork, reduces the working strength of staff, improve Working efficiency.Meanwhile the sensor (8) on pallet fork (6) can measure the power that each pallet fork (6) is born, and power is passed through into number Fork lift operators are shown to according to acquisition and display system, to help operator to judge that whether rationally the vent that rises of fork truck sets, goods Can object be stablized on pallet fork.Operator can by drive two pallet forks (6) move horizontally adjusted pitch position.Greatly Damage risk during reduction cargo transfer, reduces hand labor intensity.Also, it can by means of (4) two pallet fork (6) of longitudinal rail It is moved up and down with carrying out a certain range respectively, to adapt to the carrying requirement as shown in figure 5, special cargo, increases fork truck The scope of application improves the safety for being transported cargo.
The description of implementation is only used in the present invention to explain the present invention, however it is not limited to described implementation detail, it is every It should all be considered as protection scope of the present invention without prejudice to the modifications or substitutions under the premise of principle of the present invention.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of fork truck, which is characterized in that a kind of fork truck is mainly by vehicle body, crane, cross slide way, longitudinal rail, cross To driving cylinder, pallet fork, zigzag tread patterns cylinder, weighing sensor, data acquisition and display system composition;
The crane is mounted on fork truck vehicle body, the driving machine equipped with drive motor and control crane lifting in vehicle body Structure;
The crane tightens Guan County and cross slide way is housed, and cross slide way and root longitudinal rail match, and makes longitudinal rail can be with Transversely guide rail slides respectively, and the sliding of the longitudinal rail transversely guide rail drives by laterally driven cylinder;
Two pallet forks of the longitudinal rail and fork truck match, and allow pallet fork respectively along being moved down on respective longitudinal rail Dynamic, the longitudinal movement of the pallet fork drives by zigzag tread patterns cylinder;
The lifting of the crane can drive cross slide way, longitudinal rail, laterally driven cylinder, pallet fork and zigzag tread patterns cylinder etc. whole Body is lifted;
Weighing sensor is installed between the external part and pallet fork of the zigzag tread patterns cylinder, the weighing sensor can measure The power that each pallet fork is undertaken in guide rail direction along longitudinal direction, and by data acquisition and display system by numerical value real-time display to fork Vehicle operator.
2. a kind of fork truck according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the laterally driven cylinder is hydraulic cylinder or electric putter.
3. a kind of fork truck according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the zigzag tread patterns cylinder is hydraulic cylinder or electric putter.
4. a kind of fork truck according to claim 1, which is characterized in that on the cross slide way, longitudinal rail and pallet fork There are the groove or tongue of mutual slide fit.
CN201810292460.4A 2018-04-03 2018-04-03 A kind of fork truck Pending CN108545666A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810292460.4A CN108545666A (en) 2018-04-03 2018-04-03 A kind of fork truck

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810292460.4A CN108545666A (en) 2018-04-03 2018-04-03 A kind of fork truck

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN108545666A true CN108545666A (en) 2018-09-18

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201810292460.4A Pending CN108545666A (en) 2018-04-03 2018-04-03 A kind of fork truck

Country Status (1)

Country Link
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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109319699A (en) * 2018-11-18 2019-02-12 大连四达高技术发展有限公司 Portable electric fork lift truck
CN110626998A (en) * 2019-10-12 2019-12-31 徐州宏嵩机电设备有限公司 Space-saving high-position forklift
CN110817751A (en) * 2019-11-27 2020-02-21 衡阳市利美电瓶车制造有限责任公司 Explosion-proof forklift
CN111908384A (en) * 2019-05-07 2020-11-10 丰田自动车株式会社 Forklift device
CN112537735A (en) * 2019-09-20 2021-03-23 沈阳新松机器人自动化股份有限公司 Cargo carrying table with fork lifting function

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102730601A (en) * 2012-06-29 2012-10-17 安徽德摩新能源叉车股份有限公司 Electric forklift truck
CN202671130U (en) * 2012-06-12 2013-01-16 山东省特种设备检验研究院济宁分院 Anti-overload and anti-rollover forklift with alarm function
CN103171997A (en) * 2011-12-20 2013-06-26 曾卫东 Floating-beam-type weighing forklift
CN105752892A (en) * 2016-05-10 2016-07-13 姜义强 Electric forklift
CN206553150U (en) * 2017-03-21 2017-10-13 河北工业大学 It is a kind of to count weight forklift device with identification function

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103171997A (en) * 2011-12-20 2013-06-26 曾卫东 Floating-beam-type weighing forklift
CN202671130U (en) * 2012-06-12 2013-01-16 山东省特种设备检验研究院济宁分院 Anti-overload and anti-rollover forklift with alarm function
CN102730601A (en) * 2012-06-29 2012-10-17 安徽德摩新能源叉车股份有限公司 Electric forklift truck
CN105752892A (en) * 2016-05-10 2016-07-13 姜义强 Electric forklift
CN206553150U (en) * 2017-03-21 2017-10-13 河北工业大学 It is a kind of to count weight forklift device with identification function

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109319699A (en) * 2018-11-18 2019-02-12 大连四达高技术发展有限公司 Portable electric fork lift truck
CN111908384A (en) * 2019-05-07 2020-11-10 丰田自动车株式会社 Forklift device
CN112537735A (en) * 2019-09-20 2021-03-23 沈阳新松机器人自动化股份有限公司 Cargo carrying table with fork lifting function
CN110626998A (en) * 2019-10-12 2019-12-31 徐州宏嵩机电设备有限公司 Space-saving high-position forklift
CN110817751A (en) * 2019-11-27 2020-02-21 衡阳市利美电瓶车制造有限责任公司 Explosion-proof forklift

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Application publication date: 20180918