CN108518102A - A kind of towed multilayer automatic garage - Google Patents

A kind of towed multilayer automatic garage Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108518102A
CN108518102A CN201810305127.2A CN201810305127A CN108518102A CN 108518102 A CN108518102 A CN 108518102A CN 201810305127 A CN201810305127 A CN 201810305127A CN 108518102 A CN108518102 A CN 108518102A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
vehicle
plate
unit
parking
power
Prior art date
Application number
CN201810305127.2A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
苏伟
李晨佶
王戈舟
赵雪奇
靳君格
龚衡恒
Original Assignee
北京理工大学
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 北京理工大学 filed Critical 北京理工大学
Priority to CN201810305127.2A priority Critical patent/CN108518102A/en
Publication of CN108518102A publication Critical patent/CN108518102A/en

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H6/00Buildings for parking cars, rolling stock, aircraft, vessels or like vehicles, e.g. garages
    • E04H6/02Small garages, e.g. for one or two cars
    • E04H6/06Small garages, e.g. for one or two cars with means for shifting or lifting vehicles
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H6/00Buildings for parking cars, rolling stock, aircraft, vessels or like vehicles, e.g. garages
    • E04H6/42Devices or arrangements peculiar to garages, not covered elsewhere, e.g. securing devices, safety devices, monitoring and operating schemes; centering devices
    • E04H6/422Automatically operated car-parks

Abstract

The present invention discloses a kind of towed multilayer automatic garage, the automatic garage using towed control body movement to upper layer parking stall, it is cost-effective, control it is simple and effective.Including:Main frame, two layers or more parking unit, power and gear unit, control unit;Every layer of parking unit corresponds to a set of power and gear unit.Main frame fixes on the ground vertically, and two layers or more parking unit is arranged in parallel successively along the short transverse of main frame.Parking unit include:Vehicle-carrying plate, link mechanism and traction rope;Link mechanism is two spaces four-bar mechanism, is separately positioned on the both sides of vehicle-carrying plate length direction;In the both sides of vehicle-carrying plate length direction, respectively a piece traction rope of setting, one end of traction rope are connect with vehicle-carrying plate simultaneously, and the other end is connected with power and gear unit;When power and gear unit discharge traction rope, so that carrier vehicle plate level falls until on ground under the action of link mechanism, when power and gear unit pack up traction rope, horizontal heave vehicle-carrying plate under the action of link mechanism.

Description

A kind of towed multilayer automatic garage
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of automatic garages, and in particular to a kind of towed multilayer automatic garage.
Background technology
With the continuous development of economic society, automobile gradually comes into huge numbers of families.As more and more families possess certainly Oneself family-sized car, community parking problem start to develop into a kind of extensive social concern.
The cell newly built often considers parking problem when building, and has parking lot or dedicated parking is set It applies, but situation is but made a world of difference in some more old residential area.Particularly with more long cell is built up, due to building the age It is early, at the beginning of construction planning the reasons such as relatively lag behind, the problem of parking difficulty, is increasingly severe in cell.There is problem in parking stall, Vehicle disorderly stops to leave about on limited vacant lot, and cell doorway has been fully parked with vehicle, not only influences city image, but also the property peace of resident It cannot also ensure entirely, this also brings great security risk to community resident.Old residential area is not pre- in construction plan Relevant place is stayed, when attempting to increase old residential area parking stall by transformation, underground garage and high-rise parking building etc. are With comparable construction difficulty.
Currently used parking stall is following several:
(1) elevator parking stall
Two layers of lifting cross sliding type are a kind of highest types of current cost performance.It not only makes full use of space, energy conservation and environmental protection, Bicycle parking goes out the features such as vehicle is convenient, and scale is changeable, flexible and changeable, is not limited by floor space and surrounding enviroment, quilt Widely use.
(2) simple parking stall
Equipment driven system uses mechanically operated mode, lithium battery power supply, direct current generator that vehicle-carrying plate is driven to rise, and declines Shi Caiyong automotive dead weights decline power generation, charge to lithium battery, reach access vehicle, heat recovery, green energy conservation purpose.
(3) stereo garage
It using single column cantilever design, is made of guide rail, moving trolley, column and vehicle-carrying plate, trolley is moved along guide rail level It is dynamic, column can relative trolley rotation, vehicle-carrying plate can be moved up and down by hoisting mechanism along column.
Since, without reserving large-scale parking space, parking bit distribution is scattered, it is difficult to right in the planning process of old residential area The parking stall of entire cell carries out the transformation of system.To execute and being effectively improved problem conscientiously, need from scattered parking stall Set about, carries out independent transformation for each parking stall, increase parking stall quantity.
The parking mode being likely to occur in the cell has vertical parking, side parking, rectangle parking.But due to old residential area Limitation, it is difficult to large stretch of place occur for vertically stopping, the mostly of appearance are that side parking is stopped with rectangle.And side is stopped, by The width occupied when it stops is small, and original street both sides is divided into parking stall, becomes " lateral parking stall ", is much being designed When do not have to be widely used in the cell on reserved parking stall.
Invention content
In view of this, the present invention provides a kind of towed multilayer automatic garage, the case where being not take up excessive exceptional space It is lower fully to use above the ground space, body movement is controlled to upper layer parking stall, cost-effective, control from side using towed It is simple and effective.
The towed multilayer automatic garage includes:Main frame, two layers or more parking unit, power and gear unit, Control unit;Every layer of parking unit corresponds to a set of power and gear unit;
The main frame fixes on the ground vertically, and two layers or more parking unit is parallel successively along the short transverse of main frame Setting;
The parking unit includes:Vehicle-carrying plate, link mechanism and traction rope;The vehicle-carrying plate is used for bearing body;It is described Link mechanism is two spaces four-bar mechanism, is separately positioned on the both sides of vehicle-carrying plate length direction;Simultaneously in vehicle-carrying plate length Respectively a piece traction rope of setting, one end of traction rope are connect with vehicle-carrying plate for the both sides in direction, the other end and power and gear unit phase Even;
When the power and gear unit discharge traction rope under the control of described control unit, the link mechanism is suitable Hour hands rotate so that the carrier vehicle plate level falls until the vehicle-carrying plate is parked on the ground, when the power and gear unit When packing up traction rope under the control of described control unit, the link mechanism rotates counterclockwise vehicle-carrying plate described in horizontal heave.
The power and gear unit include:Motor, Worm and worm-wheel gearing and main shaft, the motor is in control unit Control under forward/reverse, startup/stopping, while described control unit control motor speed;The motor passes through worm and gear Transmission mechanism draws main axis, and the axial direction of the main shaft is consistent with vehicle-carrying plate length direction;With the power and gear unit Two traction ropes of corresponding parking unit respectively bypass the both ends that main shaft is wrapped in after fixed pulley group.
Advantageous effect:
(1) automatic garage is fully transported with " lateral parking stall " for object in the case where being not take up excessive exceptional space With ground superjacent air space, body movement is controlled to upper layer parking stall from side using towed, cost-effective, control simply has Effect.
(2) this kind of automatic parking is used, it is only necessary to build corresponding ground and can complete to install, not given birth to resident Building living causes excessively to influence, and original parking stall can be made to increase significantly.
(3) movement of each carrier loader platform only has one degree of freedom, and car body is controlled from side using parallelogram mechanism Movement, it is cost-effective, control it is simple and effective.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 and Fig. 2 is the overall structure diagram of two layers of automatic garage in embodiment 1;
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram of two layers of parking unit;
Fig. 4 is space four bar linkage mechanism motion principle figure;
Fig. 5 is the overall structure diagram of three automatic garages in embodiment 2;
Fig. 6 is structural schematic diagram when three layers of parking unit are in an intermediate position in embodiment 2;
Fig. 7 is in structural schematic diagram when ground for square chest frame in three layers of parking unit in embodiment 2.
Wherein:1- main frames, 2- vehicle-carrying plates, 3- link mechanisms, 4- motors, 5- main shafts, 6- bis- layers of parking unit, tri- layers of 7- Stop unit, 8- square chests frame, 9- traction ropes
Specific implementation mode
The present invention will now be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples.
Embodiment 1:
The present embodiment is to improve object with " lateral parking stall ", provides a kind of towed two layers of automatic garage, can not account for With excessive exceptional space, directly by car body from the ground moving of side parking stall side to side parking stall top.
The structure of the automatic garage is as depicted in figs. 1 and 2, including:1, two layer of parking unit of main frame, power and transmission are single Member, control unit.Wherein main frame 1 is door case type, on the ground as the installation of main bearing structure.Two layers of parking unit are located at master The middle part of frame 1, two layers parking units below region can be ground parking position or other ground installations.
Two layers parking units include:Vehicle-carrying plate 2, link mechanism 3 and traction rope, as shown in Figures 2 and 3.Vehicle-carrying plate 2 is used for Bearing body, link mechanism 3 are two four-bar mechanisms, specially:In the both sides of 2 length direction of vehicle-carrying plate, two phases are respectively set The bottom of mutually parallel connecting rod, connecting rod is hinged on the ground, and top is hinged with vehicle-carrying plate 2, so that being located at 2 side of vehicle-carrying plate Two connecting rods and the vehicle-carrying plate crossbeam that is attached thereto form the planar linkage mechanism of parallelogram, the characteristics of this mechanism One of be Jiao Wei Yi ﹑ angular speed and angular acceleration that opposite bar (vehicle-carrying plate crossbeam and ground) remains Ping Hang ﹐ and two connecting rods Also equal always.By its characteristic, the horizontal relationship between car body and ground can guarantee during the motion.To ensure the two of homonymy Root connecting rod is not interfered during the motion, when arranging connecting rod position using the form of space four bar linkage mechanism, i.e. homonymy Two connecting rods mutually stagger, make it while can meet parallelogram mechanism work, do not generate interference between connecting rod, such as Shown in Fig. 4.
It is respectively set along the both ends of vehicle-carrying plate length direction in 2 inside (i.e. the side opposite with main frame 1) upper surface of vehicle-carrying plate A towing point is set, one end of two traction ropes is connect with two towing points respectively, and the other end is connected with power and gear unit.
Power and gear unit include:Motor 4, Worm and worm-wheel gearing and main shaft 5, motor 4 are controlled by control unit, That is forward/reverse, startup/stopping under the control of the control unit, and control motor speed.Motor 4 passes through worm gear snail after starting Bar transmission mechanism draws main shaft 5 and rotates, and the latching characteristics of worm and gear can avoid falling when power-off, that is, prevent reverse drive. The axial direction of main shaft 5 is consistent with 2 length direction of vehicle-carrying plate, and two traction ropes are wrapped in main shaft 5 after respectively bypassing a fixed pulley group Both ends;When main shaft 5 rotates, by drawing two layers of parking unit of wire saws.Power and gear unit are arranged on the top of main frame 1 In portion or ground.
To ensure that vehicle-carrying plate 2 reliably falls, it is provided on main frame 1 for horizontally outward pushing the electronic of vehicle-carrying plate 2 Push rod, electric pushrod are controlled by control unit.Simultaneously in the rising terminal position (parking position) of vehicle-carrying plate 2 and Bottom Of Descent position (i.e. parking stall on ground) is respectively arranged with travel switch.
The operation principle of the automatic garage is:
When needing to park cars on the vehicle-carrying plate for stopping unit at two layers, electronic push away is started by control unit first Bar, electric pushrod horizontal direction extrapolate two layers of dynamic load sweep, make link mechanism be inclined outwardly to ground be in 5 ° of angles;Then pass through Control unit starts motor reversal, to main axis, discharges traction rope, two layers of vehicle-carrying plate decline under the effect of gravity, at this time Two layers of link mechanism rotate clockwise, and control the lower terminal-velocity of two layers of parking unit during decline by power and gear unit Degree, touches the travel switch resting on the ground when reaching ground, travel switch sends signal in place, control unit to control unit Motor stalls are controlled, two layers of vehicle-carrying plate is parked in immediately ahead of ground parking position (gets on the bus for vehicle-carrying plate in the region at this time Area), in order to wait for that parked vehicle drives into vehicle-carrying plate.After vehicle is reliably parked on two layers of vehicle-carrying plate, control unit starts Motor rotates forward, and to main axis, packs up two layers of traction rope, and then pass through two layers of traction rope pull-up, two layers of vehicle-carrying plate so that two Layer vehicle-carrying plate rises, and link mechanism rotates counterclockwise in two layers of vehicle-carrying plate uphill process.When two layers of vehicle-carrying plate rise from ground, There are dead points for starting point, can adjust motor speed by control unit at this time, two layers of sweep of load is made to pass through dead point using inertia.When Two layers of vehicle-carrying plate rise to when parking, and the travel switch for parking position sends signal in place, control unit control to control unit Motor stalls, connecting rod is perpendicular to ground at this time.
Further, whether be provided on the bottom surface of two layers of vehicle-carrying plate has vehicle, row for monitoring on ground below The monitoring sensor of people or other protrusions, during vehicle-carrying plate declines, when monitoring Sensor monitoring to two layers of vehicle-carrying plate Area get on the bus when having vehicle, pedestrian or other protrusions, alarm signal is sent to control unit, after control unit receives alarm signal Control motor stalls.
Embodiment 2:
On the basis of above-described embodiment 1, three layers of parking unit 7 are arranged in the top for the unit 6 that stops at two layers, add simultaneously The power and gear unit moved for controlling three layers of parking unit 7, forms towed three automatic garage, as shown in Figure 4-Figure 6.
Three layers parking units 7 include:Square chest frame 8, link mechanism and traction rope 9.Wherein the bottom plate of square chest frame 8 is to carry Sweep, link mechanism and traction rope 9 and two layers of parking units leading difference lies in the hinge joint of link mechanism and traction rope 9 Draw a little.The link mechanism of three layers of parking unit is also two spaces four-bar mechanism, wherein being located at vehicle-carrying plate length direction homonymy Two connecting rods 1 middle part of bottom and main frame crossbeam it is hinged, top and the crossbeam of square chest frame respective side are hinged.
Top is arranged on the outside of square chest frame in the towing point of traction rope 9 in three layers of parking unit, i.e., on the outside of square chest frame Top along each one towing point of setting in the both ends of vehicle-carrying plate length direction, one end of two traction ropes 9 respectively with two towing points Connection, the other end are connected with power and gear unit.
For controlling the power and gear unit and the power and transmission list in above-described embodiment 1 that three layers of parking unit move Meta structure is identical;The power and gear unit are arranged at the top of main frame.
The operation principle of three layers of parking unit is identical as two layers of parking operation principle of unit in above-described embodiment 1.
Interfere to avoid generating, vehicle-carrying plate length is slightly larger than the length of ground parking position in two layers of parking unit, and three layers are stopped In vehicle unit the length of square chest frame slightly larger than parking unit in vehicle-carrying plate length, it is ensured that in distraction procedure rope with other zero Part does not generate interference.
To sum up, the above is merely preferred embodiments of the present invention, it is not intended to limit the scope of the present invention.It is all Within the spirit and principles in the present invention, any modification, equivalent replacement, improvement and so on should be included in the protection of the present invention Within the scope of.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of towed multilayer automatic garage, it is characterised in that:Including:Main frame, two layers or more parking unit, power and biography Moving cell, control unit;Every layer of parking unit corresponds to a set of power and gear unit;
The main frame fixes on the ground vertically, and two layers or more parking unit parallel is successively set along the short transverse of main frame It sets;
The parking unit includes:Vehicle-carrying plate, link mechanism and traction rope;The vehicle-carrying plate is used for bearing body;The connecting rod Mechanism is two spaces four-bar mechanism, is separately positioned on the both sides of vehicle-carrying plate length direction;Simultaneously in vehicle-carrying plate length direction The each piece traction rope of setting in both sides, one end of traction rope connect with vehicle-carrying plate, and the other end is connected with power and gear unit;
When the power and gear unit discharge traction rope under the control of described control unit, the link mechanism is clockwise Rotation is so that the carrier vehicle plate level falls until the vehicle-carrying plate is parked on the ground, when the power and gear unit are in institute It states when packing up traction rope under the control of control unit, the link mechanism rotates counterclockwise vehicle-carrying plate described in horizontal heave.
2. towed multilayer automatic garage as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The power and gear unit include: Motor, Worm and worm-wheel gearing and main shaft, motor forward/reverse, startup/stopping under the control of the control unit, together When described control unit control motor speed;The motor draws main axis, the main shaft by Worm and worm-wheel gearing Axial direction it is consistent with vehicle-carrying plate length direction;It is corresponding with the power and gear unit parking unit two traction ropes respectively around It crosses after a fixed pulley group and is wrapped in the both ends of main shaft.
3. towed multilayer automatic garage as claimed in claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that:The second layer in the parking unit The bottom of the link mechanism of parking unit is hinged on the ground, and top and the vehicle-carrying plate of second layer parking unit are hinged;Its The bottom of the link mechanism of remaining parking unit is hinged on main frame, and top and the vehicle-carrying plate of corresponding parking unit are hinged.
4. towed multilayer automatic garage as claimed in claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that:The second layer in the parking unit The towing point of two traction ropes of parking unit is separately positioned on the inside upper surface at vehicle-carrying plate length direction both ends;Remaining parking Frame is provided on the vehicle-carrying plate of unit, the vehicle-carrying plate is the bottom plate of the frame, and the towing point of two traction ropes is set respectively It sets above the outside at lengths of frame direction both ends.
5. towed multilayer automatic garage as claimed in claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that:It is on the main frame and each The opposite position of vehicle-carrying plate is provided with the electric pushrod for horizontally outward pushing vehicle-carrying plate, and the electric pushrod is controlled by control Unit.
6. towed multilayer automatic garage as claimed in claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that:In the upper of each vehicle-carrying plate It rises terminal position and Bottom Of Descent position is respectively arranged with travel switch;When the travel switch detects the vehicle-carrying plate movement in place Afterwards, signal in place is sent to described control unit, control unit control power and gear unit are stopped.
7. towed multilayer automatic garage as claimed in claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that:On the bottom surface of each vehicle-carrying plate It is provided with for monitoring the monitoring sensor for whether having vehicle, pedestrian or other protrusions on ground below, the vehicle-carrying plate During decline, when monitoring sensor detects that there is protrusion on ground below, alarm signal, control are sent to control unit Unit controls power after receiving alarm signal and gear unit is stopped.
CN201810305127.2A 2018-04-08 2018-04-08 A kind of towed multilayer automatic garage CN108518102A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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CN201810305127.2A CN108518102A (en) 2018-04-08 2018-04-08 A kind of towed multilayer automatic garage

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810305127.2A CN108518102A (en) 2018-04-08 2018-04-08 A kind of towed multilayer automatic garage

Publications (1)

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CN108518102A true CN108518102A (en) 2018-09-11

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Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH1162295A (en) * 1997-08-11 1999-03-05 Kai Kogyosho:Kk Two-stage parking equipment
KR20040095069A (en) * 2003-05-06 2004-11-12 주식회사 삼동하이테크 Two-stage parking device
CN201574602U (en) * 2009-12-10 2010-09-08 李广乔 Air parking kiosk
CN202370278U (en) * 2011-12-22 2012-08-08 林建国 Simple lifting parking desk
CN202441090U (en) * 2011-10-08 2012-09-19 赵健身 Double-floor vehicle stereo parking device
CN103031967A (en) * 2011-10-08 2013-04-10 赵健身 Three-dimensional parking device of double-deck vehicle
CN105155883A (en) * 2015-07-30 2015-12-16 河北创联机械制造有限公司 Double-layered three-dimensional parking device
CN205875840U (en) * 2015-12-30 2017-01-11 敖爱东 Pendulum that goes up and down moves formula stereo garage
CN106930578A (en) * 2015-12-30 2017-07-07 敖爱东 One kind lifting swinging moving multi-storied garage

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH1162295A (en) * 1997-08-11 1999-03-05 Kai Kogyosho:Kk Two-stage parking equipment
KR20040095069A (en) * 2003-05-06 2004-11-12 주식회사 삼동하이테크 Two-stage parking device
CN201574602U (en) * 2009-12-10 2010-09-08 李广乔 Air parking kiosk
CN202441090U (en) * 2011-10-08 2012-09-19 赵健身 Double-floor vehicle stereo parking device
CN103031967A (en) * 2011-10-08 2013-04-10 赵健身 Three-dimensional parking device of double-deck vehicle
CN202370278U (en) * 2011-12-22 2012-08-08 林建国 Simple lifting parking desk
CN105155883A (en) * 2015-07-30 2015-12-16 河北创联机械制造有限公司 Double-layered three-dimensional parking device
CN205875840U (en) * 2015-12-30 2017-01-11 敖爱东 Pendulum that goes up and down moves formula stereo garage
CN106930578A (en) * 2015-12-30 2017-07-07 敖爱东 One kind lifting swinging moving multi-storied garage

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