CN108005448A - A kind of lifting cross-sliding type Automated three-dimensional garage - Google Patents

A kind of lifting cross-sliding type Automated three-dimensional garage Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108005448A
CN108005448A CN201810007562.7A CN201810007562A CN108005448A CN 108005448 A CN108005448 A CN 108005448A CN 201810007562 A CN201810007562 A CN 201810007562A CN 108005448 A CN108005448 A CN 108005448A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
vehicle
carrying plate
garage
sliding type
parking
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201810007562.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陆文灏
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Suzhou Vocational Institute of Industrial Technology
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Suzhou Vocational Institute of Industrial Technology
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Suzhou Vocational Institute of Industrial Technology filed Critical Suzhou Vocational Institute of Industrial Technology
Priority to CN201810007562.7A priority Critical patent/CN108005448A/en
Publication of CN108005448A publication Critical patent/CN108005448A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H6/00Buildings for parking cars, rolling stock, aircraft, vessels or like vehicles, e.g. garages
    • E04H6/08Garages for many vehicles
    • E04H6/12Garages for many vehicles with mechanical means for shifting or lifting vehicles
    • E04H6/18Garages for many vehicles with mechanical means for shifting or lifting vehicles with means for transport in vertical direction only or independently in vertical and horizontal directions
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H6/00Buildings for parking cars, rolling stock, aircraft, vessels or like vehicles, e.g. garages
    • E04H6/08Garages for many vehicles
    • E04H6/12Garages for many vehicles with mechanical means for shifting or lifting vehicles
    • E04H6/18Garages for many vehicles with mechanical means for shifting or lifting vehicles with means for transport in vertical direction only or independently in vertical and horizontal directions
    • E04H6/24Garages for many vehicles with mechanical means for shifting or lifting vehicles with means for transport in vertical direction only or independently in vertical and horizontal directions characterised by the use of dollies for horizontal transport, i.e. cars being permanently parked on wheeled platforms
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H6/00Buildings for parking cars, rolling stock, aircraft, vessels or like vehicles, e.g. garages
    • E04H6/42Devices or arrangements peculiar to garages, not covered elsewhere, e.g. securing devices, safety devices, monitoring and operating schemes; centering devices
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H6/00Buildings for parking cars, rolling stock, aircraft, vessels or like vehicles, e.g. garages
    • E04H6/42Devices or arrangements peculiar to garages, not covered elsewhere, e.g. securing devices, safety devices, monitoring and operating schemes; centering devices
    • E04H6/422Automatically operated car-parks

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of lifting cross-sliding type Automated three-dimensional garage, including garage frame, vehicle-carrying plate system, crossing system, jacking system, control system and security protection system, multi-storied garage is divided into M layers of * N row parking spaces by the garage frame, and M and N are >=2 integer;The vehicle-carrying plate system is arranged in the garage frame, and is flexibly connected with the crossing system, and is fixedly connected with the jacking system, for carrying stock's vehicle;The crossing system is arranged at the inner side of the garage frame, is used to support the transverse shifting of the vehicle-carrying plate system;The jacking system is fixedly connected with the vehicle-carrying plate system, for moving up and down for the vehicle-carrying plate system;The set-up of control system is in the lower end of the garage frame, for controlling the transverse shifting of the crossing system and moving up and down for jacking system;The security protection system is used to stop the operation of multi-storied garage in time when multi-storied garage is abnormal situation and alarms.

Description

A kind of lifting cross-sliding type Automated three-dimensional garage
Technical field
The present invention relates to multi-storied garage field, more particularly to a kind of lifting cross-sliding type Automated three-dimensional garage.
Background technology
Multi-storied garage, and " mechanical parking equipment " can be referred to as, it is formed using mechanically and electrically system, is used for The equipment for accessing vehicle, earliest multi-storied garage appears in west American-European countries, with the fast development of China's economic, and it is small The paces that automobile enters family are accelerated, and multi-storied garage becomes the best solution for solving domestic city parking problem.
The developing history of multi-storied garage is exactly the history of an automobile industry development prosperity, and the first in the world gasoline automobile goes out Europe now, it is the crystallization of European industrial civilization development, and then, auto industry undergoes change big three times, promotes automobile The further prosperity and development of industry.
Change for the first time and appear in 1914, the automobile assembling assembly line of Ford Motor Company of U.S. installation at that time is brought First time in auto industry history is changed.
Second Revolution generation is gradually removed in 1950's, at that time Intra-European tariff barrier, makes European market It is flourishing as never before, effectively promote the development of automobile industry.
Third time, which is changed, appears in 1960's Mo, as miracle occurs in Japanese auto industry, produces thing U.S. valency Honest and clean automobile so that World Auto Industry occurs third time and changes.
The appearance of multi-storied garage be after second auto industry is changed, with the flourishing as never before of European car industry and There is earliest multi-storied garage in development, Europe, and the appearance of European multi-storied garage has had the history of more than 60 years, compares automobile work The third time of industry is changed, and as miracle occurs in Japanese auto industry, multi-storied garage starts to develop in Japan afterwards, so far stereoscopic vehicle Storehouse has the developing history of more than 40 years in Japan, and contemporaneity, multi-storied garage, South Korea and China also occur in South Korea and TaiWan, China Taiwan multi-storied garage occurs being later than Japan, also there is nearly 40 years history, and storage type tridimensional garage technology comes across Europe earliest, Japan For the Technology origin of multi-storied garage in Europe, Japan is a nationality for being especially good at learning and using for reference its national successful experience, by In day local domain it is narrow and small, tower-type space garage has obtained significant progress in Japan.
After reform and opening-up, the auto industry in China starts to start to walk, and 21 century enters rapid development epoch, China's stereoscopic vehicle Storehouse industry is started late for Europe, Japan, man of South Korea, is born till now from First equipment, only nearly 20 year calendar History, in this is 20 years, early period develops slowly, until 1996, the annual sale of national mechanical stereo garage parking apparatus, peace Less than 1000 berths of loading amount.
Multi-storied garage industry is in the high-speed developing period, since two thousand eight, the increasing of continuous 4 years more than 28% It is long, it is contemplated that to remain within 2016 keep 40% or so growth, existing many multi-storied garages are all mechanical, lack intelligent pipe Reason, many times there are some inconvenience, unnecessary trouble is brought to car owner.
Multi-storied garage is the automatic storage facility parked and science is deposited for specially realizing various vehicles, with China's economy Development continuously and healthily, the continuous reinforcement that large- and-medium size cities are built, urban traffic blocking and parking are into influencing urban development Key factor, curb parking and traditional self-propelled parking storehouse have not adapted to the requirement of urban development, along with China's vapour Car ownership is continuously increased, and multi-storied garage is into inevitable approach to solve this problem.
Multi-storied garage mainly has lifting cross-sliding type, Vertical Circulating, AisleStack, vertical and round level to follow Ring type several types.Wherein, lifting cross-sliding type has the advantage such as simple in structure, easy to operate, safe and reliable, cheap, Domestic multi-storied garage in the market takes advantage.
At present, with the development of auto industry, and the economical society of country, the policy, sustainable of economizing economy Development strategy etc., determines development and the stereo parking facility problem of three-dimensional parking device.In recent years, multi-storied garage market had fast Violent momentum of development, is to realize that multi-storied garage is automatic using flexible transmission equipment and stream line and reliable control system The key of change, makes multi-storied garage management enter intelligent, scientific, the integrated intelligent management stage;Parking systems is current Gradually start to apply in many newly-built communities at home, from now on the increase of family saloon, economical and practical lifting cross-sliding type Parking systems will rise, and garage realizes that automated control is the principal direction of following garage technology development;Multi-storied garage intelligent Control system, using network as information channel, realizes the Remote Networked control to garage parking by flexible, friendly man-machine interface System and management;" garage " is the hot issue of big and medium-sized cities, and " urban garage " is classified as " recent industry skill by State Economic and Trade Commission Art development priority ", in metropolis is modernized, multi-storied garage has penetrated into each sphere of life of people, in organ, hotel Many places such as hotel, hospital and residential block, one essential infrastructure of solid parking Kucheng.
The solution of the present invention is the improvement carried out regarding to the issue above to existing parking systems.
The content of the invention
In order to overcome deficiency of the prior art, the present invention provides a kind of lifting cross-sliding type Automated three-dimensional garage, structure Simply, design is reasonable, easy to use, can realize and automatically control, improve garage safety in operation.
In order to reach foregoing invention purpose, technical solution is as follows used by solving its technical problem:
A kind of lifting cross-sliding type Automated three-dimensional garage, including garage frame, vehicle-carrying plate system, crossing system, lifting system System, control system and security protection system, wherein:
Multi-storied garage is divided into M layers of * N row parking spaces by the garage frame, and M and N are >=2 integer;
The vehicle-carrying plate system is arranged in the garage frame, and is flexibly connected with the crossing system, and with it is described Jacking system is fixedly connected, for carrying stock's vehicle;
The crossing system is arranged at the inner side of the garage frame, is used to support the horizontal shifting of the vehicle-carrying plate system It is dynamic;
The jacking system is fixedly connected with the vehicle-carrying plate system, for moving up and down for the vehicle-carrying plate system;
The set-up of control system in the lower end of the garage frame, for control the crossing system transverse shifting and Jacking system moves up and down;
The security protection system is used to stop the operation of multi-storied garage in time simultaneously when multi-storied garage is abnormal situation Alarm.
Further, the garage frame includes some crossbeams, longeron and support column, some crossbeam, longeron and branch Dagger is mutually perpendicular to be built into a cuboid formula multi-storied garage two-by-two.
Preferably, the garage frame uses steel frame construction, and the steel frame construction is using heat H profile steel, channel steel, angle steel And/or steel plate is made.
Further, the vehicle-carrying plate system includes some pieces of upper vehicle-carrying plates and lower vehicle-carrying plate, wherein:
The lower vehicle-carrying plate is arranged at the orlop of multi-storied garage, and the quantity of the lower vehicle-carrying plate is N-1;
The upper vehicle-carrying plate is arranged at two layers of multi-storied garage and with upper strata, the upper carrier vehicle of the parking space in the superiors The quantity of plate is N number of, and the quantity of the upper vehicle-carrying plate of every layer of the parking space between M-1 layers to 2 layers is N-1.
Further, the jacking system includes some motor reducers and link motion structure, wherein:
Some motor reducers are arranged in the garage frame of every piece of upper vehicle-carrying plate and lower vehicle-carrying plate side and respective Independent work;
Some link motion structures are installed on four corners of every piece of upper vehicle-carrying plate, four link motions with tetrad Structure synchronously moves up and down, for moving up and down for the upper vehicle-carrying plate.
Further, the crossing system includes some guide rails and steel wheel, wherein:
Some guide rails are symmetrically mounted on the medial surface of the longeron corresponding to each layer of parking stall two-by-two, for described The side-to-side movement of upper vehicle-carrying plate or lower vehicle-carrying plate is oriented to;
Some steel wheels are installed on the lower section surrounding of every piece of vehicle-carrying plate with tetrad, described in four steel wheels drive Upper vehicle-carrying plate or lower vehicle-carrying plate are walked in the guide rail, for the upper vehicle-carrying plate or the transverse shifting of lower vehicle-carrying plate.
Further, the control system includes parking stall execution unit, controller, state detection unit and operating platform, Wherein:
The operating platform is arranged on the support column of lowermost layer, and is bi-directionally connected with the controller, for facilitating work Make personnel and be in the manual operations under semi-automatic manual operation state in multi-storied garage;
The signal output part of the state detection unit is connected with the signal input part of the controller, for that will detect Multi-storied garage status signal be sent to the controller;
The parking stall execution unit and the controller carry out bidirectional data communication, for by parking stall execution signal send to The controller, the controller send lifting or traversing control signal to the parking stall execution unit according to the signal.
Preferably, the controller uses PLC programmable controller.
Further, the parking stall execution unit includes lifting motor driving unit and traversing electric-motor drive unit, wherein:
The lifting motor driving unit is electrically connected with every piece of upper vehicle-carrying plate, for driving the upper vehicle-carrying plate to make Move up and down;
The traversing electric-motor drive unit is electrically connected with every piece of upper vehicle-carrying plate and lower vehicle-carrying plate, described for driving Upper vehicle-carrying plate and lower vehicle-carrying plate move laterally.
Further, the security protection system includes warm smoke sensor, emergency stop switch, buting iron of holding up traffic, people's car mistake Enter detection device and falling proof device, wherein:
The temperature smoke sensor is installed in each parking space, is supervised in real time for the fire behavior to each parking space Control;
The emergency stop switch is arranged on the operating platform, for that can make parking apparatus when being abnormal situation Shut down immediately;
The buting iron of holding up traffic is arranged at the rear end of the vehicle-carrying plate, for vehicle to be parked in the suitable position of vehicle-carrying plate;
People's car is strayed into detection device and is installed in multi-storied garage, for detected when multi-storied garage operates someone or Other objects stop the running of multi-storied garage when entering garage;
The falling proof device is arranged on the top of vehicle-carrying plate, for preventing vehicle-carrying plate after vehicle-carrying plate rises to anchor point Plunk down injury people and Che for some reason.
Further, the falling proof device includes upper vehicle-carrying plate safety device and lower vehicle-carrying plate safety device, wherein:
The upper vehicle-carrying plate safety device includes upper and lower extreme limit of travel and switchs and on the longeron and upper vehicle-carrying plate Suspension mechanism between off-position, wherein:
The switch of extreme limit of travel up and down is electrically connected with the control system, for the upper vehicle-carrying plate is increased or under It is automatically stopped after dropping to position;
The suspension mechanism includes four hooks, four earrings and a calutron, and four hooks are set two-by-two In the both sides for the longeron that two are parallel to each other, four earrings are arranged on the both sides relevant position of the upper vehicle-carrying plate two-by-two Place, the calutron driving hook are inserted in the earrings;
The lower vehicle-carrying plate safety device includes left and right extreme limit of travel switch and anticollision plate, wherein:
The left and right extreme limit of travel switch is electrically connected with the control system, for making the lower vehicle-carrying plate be laterally moved to position After be automatically stopped;
The anticollision plate is used for that the lower vehicle-carrying plate is traversing to be collided people, leave luggage or during car owner pet, and cut-out is horizontal Move the power supply of electric-motor drive unit.
Further, four wheel wells, four cars are provided with every piece of upper vehicle-carrying plate and/or every piece of lower vehicle-carrying plate Wheel groove is adapted to the position of four wheels of wheel, for fixed vehicle.
The present invention is due to using above technical scheme, being allowed to compared with prior art, have the following advantages that and actively imitate Fruit:
A kind of lifting cross-sliding type Automated three-dimensional garage of the present invention is simple in structure, and design is reasonable, easy to operate, safely may be used Lean on, cheap, flexibility is good, can realize and automatically control, and improves garage safety in operation, while improves parking with carrying The speed of car, has stronger practicality, applied widely, can be widely popularized.In addition, the multi-storied garage can individually be built, Can be with the androgynous construction of skyscraper, its floor space is small, and space availability ratio is high, and it is not enough can greatly to alleviate urban parking area Phenomenon, it is safe, the security input in parking lot is alleviated, construction cost has been saved, there are good market prospects.
Brief description of the drawings
In order to illustrate the technical solution of the embodiments of the present invention more clearly, required use in being described below to embodiment Attached drawing be briefly described.It is clear that drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the present invention, for ability For field technique personnel, without creative efforts, other attached drawings can also be obtained according to these attached drawings.It is attached In figure:
Fig. 1 is a kind of overall structure diagram of lifting cross-sliding type Automated three-dimensional garage of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is first layer and second layer structure schematic diagram in a kind of lifting cross-sliding type Automated three-dimensional garage of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is garage frame structure diagram in a kind of lifting cross-sliding type Automated three-dimensional garage of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is link motion structure structure diagram in a kind of lifting cross-sliding type Automated three-dimensional garage of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the circuit theory schematic diagram of control system in a kind of lifting cross-sliding type Automated three-dimensional garage of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is falling proof device structure diagram in a kind of lifting cross-sliding type Automated three-dimensional garage of the present invention;
Fig. 7 is that PLC simplifies wiring schematic diagram in a kind of lifting cross-sliding type Automated three-dimensional garage of the present invention;
Fig. 8 is a kind of bicycle parking flow diagram of lifting cross-sliding type Automated three-dimensional garage of the present invention.
【Primary symbols explanation】
1- garage frames;
11- crossbeams;
12- longerons;
13- support columns;
2- vehicle-carrying plate systems;
The upper vehicle-carrying plates of 21-;
Vehicle-carrying plate under 22-;
3- crossing systems;
31- guide rails;
32- steel wheels;
4- jacking systems;
5- control systems;
51- parking stalls execution unit;
52- controllers;
53- state detection units;
54- operating platforms;
6- security protection systems;
7- wheel wells;
8- link motion structures;
81- chains;
82- sprocket wheels;
9- is linked up with;
10- calutrons.
Embodiment
Below with reference to the attached drawing of the present invention, clear, complete description is carried out to the technical solution in the embodiment of the present invention And discussion, it is clear that as described herein is only a part of example of the present invention, is not whole examples, based on the present invention In embodiment, the every other implementation that those of ordinary skill in the art are obtained on the premise of creative work is not made Example, belongs to protection scope of the present invention.
Up-down cross sliding type multi-storied garage refers to park cars using the lifting of vehicle-carrying plate or transverse translation access mechanical Parking apparatus.There is a vehicle-carrying plate in each parking stall of up-down cross sliding type multi-storied garage, the vehicle-carrying plate of required access vehicle by ascending, descending, Transverse motion reaches ground floor, and driver enters garage, accesses vehicle, completes access procedure.It is docked in this kind of garage floor Car is only made traversing, it is not necessary to lift, upper strata parking stall or lower floor parking stall need to by intermediate layer it is traversing go out room, vehicle-carrying plate is risen or dropped to Ground floor, driver, which can just enter in garage, drives or outputs automobile into garage.Fig. 1 is the lift-sliding of 7 parking stall of a ground Formula parking apparatus, its operation principle are:Six layers of three parking stall can lift, and two to five layers of two parking stall can lift and translate, One layer of two parking stalls can only be laterally traversing, and empty parking space borrows when declining for two to six layers of parking stall:1st, No. 2 parking stalls can be direct Storage of cars;No. 13 parking stalls need after declining storage of cars again;No. 3 parking stalls need first to move right 1, No. 2 vehicle-carrying plate, then by 3 Number vehicle-carrying plate declines;No. 4 parking stalls need first to move to right No. 2 vehicle-carrying plates, then No. 4 vehicle-carrying plates are declined;No. 5 parking stalls are needed 1,2, 3rd, No. 4 vehicle-carrying plates move to right, then No. 5 vehicle-carrying plates are declined;No. 6 parking stalls need to move to right 2, No. 4 vehicle-carrying plates, then by No. 6 vehicle-carrying plates Decline;No. 7 parking stalls need to move to right 1,2,3,4,5, No. 6 vehicle-carrying plate, then No. 7 vehicle-carrying plates are declined;No. 8 parking stalls are needed 2,4, No. 6 vehicle-carrying plates move to right, then No. 8 vehicle-carrying plates are declined;No. 9 parking stalls need to move to right 1,2,3,4,5,6,7, No. 8 vehicle-carrying plate, then will No. 9 vehicle-carrying plates decline;No. 10 parking stalls need to move to right 2,4,6, No. 8 vehicle-carrying plates, then No. 10 vehicle-carrying plates are declined;No. 11 parking stalls need 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9, No. 10 vehicle-carrying plate is moved to right, then No. 11 vehicle-carrying plates are declined;No. 12 parking stalls are needed 2,4,6, 8th, 10 vehicle-carrying plates move to right, then No. 12 vehicle-carrying plates are declined.And many residence, hotel or cells all have underground parking now , when such scheme is used for underground parking, then No. 13 parking stalls should be in bottom, and 11, No. 12 parking stalls are only traversing, and 1st, No. 2 liftables are since lifting cross sliding type parking equipment is to the adaptable of place, each mechanical part component knot of introducing system Structure and function according to different landform and space can arbitrarily combine, arranged, and scale is changeable, the requirement ratio to civil engineering It is relatively low.Therefore, using very extensive.
Since the number of plies is excessive, the present embodiment is with regard to only analyzing its primary structure with first layer, second layer structure chart. As shown in Fig. 2, present embodiment discloses a kind of lifting cross-sliding type Automated three-dimensional garage, including garage frame 1, vehicle-carrying plate system 2nd, crossing system 3, jacking system 4, control system 5 and security protection system 6, wherein:
Multi-storied garage is divided into M layers of * N row parking spaces by the garage frame 1, and M and N are >=2 integer;
The vehicle-carrying plate system 2 is arranged in the garage frame 1, and is flexibly connected with the crossing system 3, and with institute State jacking system 4 to be fixedly connected, for carrying stock's vehicle;
The crossing system 3 is arranged at the inner side of the garage frame 1, is used to support the transverse direction of the vehicle-carrying plate system 2 It is mobile;
The jacking system 4 is fixedly connected with the vehicle-carrying plate system 2, for moving up and down for the vehicle-carrying plate system 2;
The control system 5 is arranged at the lower end of the garage frame 1, for controlling the horizontal of the crossing system 3 to move It is dynamic and jacking system 4 to move up and down;
The security protection system 6 is used to stop the operation of multi-storied garage in time simultaneously when multi-storied garage is abnormal situation Alarm.
With continued reference to Fig. 3, the garage frame 1 includes some crossbeams 11, longeron 12 and support column 13, some crossbeams 11st, longeron 12 and support column 13 are mutually perpendicular to be built into a cuboid formula multi-storied garage two-by-two.
Preferably, the garage frame 1 uses steel frame construction, and the steel frame construction is using heat H profile steel, channel steel, angle steel And/or steel plate is made.In the present embodiment, steel are come from reliability is high, intensity is high, small, plasticity of conducting oneself with dignity using steel frame construction With good toughness, good leak tightness, manufacture is easy, the construction period is short, light and handy, beautiful and secondary can remove and install, convenient transportation etc. Feature.
With further reference to Fig. 1, the vehicle-carrying plate system 2 includes some pieces of upper vehicle-carrying plates 21 and lower vehicle-carrying plate 22, wherein:
The lower vehicle-carrying plate 22 is arranged at the orlop of multi-storied garage, and the quantity of the lower vehicle-carrying plate 22 is N-1;
The upper vehicle-carrying plate 21 is arranged at two layers of multi-storied garage and with upper strata, and the parking space in the superiors is uploaded The quantity of sweep 21 is N number of, and the quantity of the upper vehicle-carrying plate 21 of every layer of the parking space between M-1 layers to 2 layers is N-1.
In the present embodiment, since the lower vehicle-carrying plate 22 is not required to suspension chain, so in order to save material, the lower carrier vehicle Plate 22 can be shorter than the upper vehicle-carrying plate 21.In addition, the vehicle-carrying plate system has frame-type and board-splicing type two by structure type Kind.Frame is vehicle-carrying plate shaped steel and steel plate welding bearing frame, and majority uses center protrusion structure, in both sides Park Lane The steel plate of different-thickness is laid with the top surface of intermediate projections.The advantages of this vehicle-carrying plate is can to set driving channel width on demand Degree, and there is preferable import feature, it is adapted to vehicle to change more small lot production.Board-splicing type vehicle-carrying plate galvanized steel plain sheet one Secondary punching press is rolled into assembly, is assembled into vehicle-carrying plate using occlusion, is bolted connection, it is assembled before can first to component into The various surface treatments of row, such as plating, baking vanish, make vehicle-carrying plate light and handy, beautiful.
With reference to figure 4, four wheel wells 7, four institutes are provided with every piece of upper vehicle-carrying plate 21 and/or every piece of lower vehicle-carrying plate 22 The position that wheel wells 7 are stated with four wheels of wheel is adapted to, for fixed vehicle.
Further, the jacking system 4 includes some motor reducers and link motion structure 8, wherein:
Some motor reducers be arranged in the garage frame 1 of every piece of upper vehicle-carrying plate 21 and lower 22 side of vehicle-carrying plate and Respective independent work;The motor reducer is set when rotating clockwise, and the upper vehicle-carrying plate 21 or lower vehicle-carrying plate 22 rise, described When motor reducer sets rotation counterclockwise, the upper vehicle-carrying plate 21 or lower vehicle-carrying plate 22 decline.
Some link motion structures 8 are installed on four corners of every piece of upper vehicle-carrying plate with tetrad, and four chains move Mechanism 8 is synchronous to move up and down, for moving up and down for the upper vehicle-carrying plate 21.In the present embodiment, the link motion structure 8 is chain 81 and the combination of sprocket wheel 82.Driving force according to needed for vehicle-carrying plate and car weight determine chain 81, according to driving force and vehicle-carrying plate Translational speed determines power of motor, and the distance between upper and lower vehicle-carrying plate is determined according to bodywork height, and chain is determined according to this distance Length, the size of sprocket wheel 82, the form and dimension of chain link are finally determined according to driving force.
Further, the crossing system 3 includes some guide rails 31 and steel wheel 32, wherein:
Some guide rails 31 are symmetrically mounted on the medial surface of the longeron 12 corresponding to each layer of parking stall two-by-two, for pair The side-to-side movement of the upper vehicle-carrying plate 21 or lower vehicle-carrying plate 22 is oriented to;
Some steel wheels 32 are installed on the lower section surrounding of every piece of vehicle-carrying plate with tetrad, and four steel wheels 32 drive The upper vehicle-carrying plate 21 or lower vehicle-carrying plate 22 are walked in the guide rail 31, for the upper vehicle-carrying plate 21 or lower vehicle-carrying plate 22 Transverse shifting.
With reference to figure 5, the control system 5 includes parking stall execution unit 51, controller 52, state detection unit 53 and operation Platform 54, wherein:
The operating platform 54 is arranged on the support column 13 of lowermost layer, and is bi-directionally connected with the controller 52, is used for Staff is facilitated to be in the manual operations under semi-automatic manual operation state in multi-storied garage;
The signal output part of the state detection unit 53 is connected with the signal input part of the controller 52, for that will examine The multi-storied garage status signal measured is sent to the controller 52;
The parking stall execution unit 51 carries out bidirectional data communication with the controller 52, for parking stall to be performed signal hair Send to the controller 52, the controller 52 sends lifting according to the signal or traversing control signal performs list to the parking stall Member 51.
In the present embodiment, when user acts operating platform, controller 52 can receive and analyze user's operation, sentence The state of disconnected detecting element, reads the information that parking stall performs single 51, then makes rational industry control arrangement by software, and feed back Information is moved to corresponding horizontal and vertical position with dragging car position, realizes car to parking stall execution unit 51 and operating platform 52 The position movement of position, when being moved into place, the detecting system of parking stall can show that parking stall is moved by weak electricity system in operating platform 52 Dynamic state in place.
Preferably, the controller 52 uses PLC programmable controller.In the present embodiment, the PLC programmable controller Mainly there are four kinds of manual, automatic, reset, emergency stop control methods.Automatically control applied to normal operating conditions usually, manually control System resets applied to debugging, service mode and is applied to occasion of fixing a breakdown, emergency stop is applied to the urgent occasion to note abnormalities.It is right 13 listed parking space elevating cross sliding type three-dimensional parking devices, two to six layers of PLC programmable controller major control in this paper Fig. 1 The rotating of 11 lifting motors and the rotating of one to five layer of 10 traversing electric-motor drive unit.It is illustrated in figure 7 simplified PLC wiring diagrams.
Further, the parking stall execution unit 51 includes lifting motor driving unit and traversing electric-motor drive unit, institute State lifting motor driving unit to be electrically connected with upper vehicle-carrying plate 21 every piece described, moved down for driving on the work of upper vehicle-carrying plate 21 It is dynamic;The traversing electric-motor drive unit is electrically connected with upper vehicle-carrying plate 21 every piece described and lower vehicle-carrying plate 22, described for driving Upper vehicle-carrying plate 21 and lower vehicle-carrying plate 22 move laterally.
Further, the security protection system 6 includes warm smoke sensor, emergency stop switch, buting iron of holding up traffic, people's car mistake Enter detection device and falling proof device, wherein:
The temperature smoke sensor is installed in each parking space, is supervised in real time for the fire behavior to each parking space Control;
The emergency stop switch is arranged on the operating platform 54, for that can set parking when being abnormal situation It is standby to shut down immediately;
The buting iron of holding up traffic is arranged at the rear end of the vehicle-carrying plate, for vehicle to be parked in the suitable position of vehicle-carrying plate;
People's car is strayed into detection device and is installed in multi-storied garage, for detected when multi-storied garage operates someone or Other objects stop the running of multi-storied garage when entering garage, generally using infrared facility;
The falling proof device is arranged on the top of vehicle-carrying plate, for preventing vehicle-carrying plate after vehicle-carrying plate rises to anchor point Plunk down injury people and Che for some reason.
Specifically, the falling proof device includes upper vehicle-carrying plate safety device and lower vehicle-carrying plate safety device, wherein:
The upper vehicle-carrying plate safety device includes upper and lower extreme limit of travel and switchs and installed in the longeron 12 and upper vehicle-carrying plate Suspension mechanism on 21 between off-position, wherein:The switch of extreme limit of travel up and down is electrically connected with the control system 5, is used for The upper vehicle-carrying plate 21 is risen or fallen to be automatically stopped afterwards in place;As shown in fig. 6, the suspension mechanism include four hook 9, Four earrings and a calutron 10, the both sides that four hooks 9 are arranged on two longerons being parallel to each other 12 two-by-two, four A earrings is arranged on the both sides corresponding position of the upper vehicle-carrying plate 21 two-by-two, and the calutron 10 drives the hook 9 are inserted in the earrings.After the upper vehicle-carrying plate 21 rises in place, four hooks 9 below the longeron 12 just cover automatically Enter in four earrings, after preventing lifting motor normally engaged brake On The Drug Release, the upper vehicle-carrying plate 21 is in automobile and vehicle-carrying plate sheet Slowly glide under the gravity of body, damage lower floor's automobile by pressure.Once be in addition also prevented from brake failure, the upper vehicle-carrying plate 21 from Upper parking stall is fallen, and smashes lower floor's automobile.
The lower vehicle-carrying plate safety device includes left and right extreme limit of travel switch and anticollision plate, wherein:The left and right stroke Limit switch is electrically connected with the control system 5, for making the lower vehicle-carrying plate 22 is traversing to be automatically stopped afterwards in place;It is described anti- Impingement plate is used for that the lower vehicle-carrying plate 22 is traversing to be collided people, leave luggage or during car owner pet, and it is single to cut off traversing motor driving The power supply of member.
Fig. 8 is a kind of bicycle parking flow diagram of lifting cross-sliding type Automated three-dimensional garage of the present embodiment.
The foregoing is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, but protection scope of the present invention be not limited thereto, Any one skilled in the art the invention discloses technical scope in, the change or replacement that can readily occur in, It should be covered by the protection scope of the present invention.Therefore, protection scope of the present invention should be with scope of the claims Subject to.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of lifting cross-sliding type Automated three-dimensional garage, it is characterised in that including garage frame, vehicle-carrying plate system, traversing system System, jacking system, control system and security protection system, wherein:
Multi-storied garage is divided into M layers of * N row parking spaces by the garage frame, and M and N are >=2 integer;
The vehicle-carrying plate system is arranged in the garage frame, and is flexibly connected with the crossing system, and with the lifting System is fixedly connected, for carrying stock's vehicle;
The crossing system is arranged at the inner side of the garage frame, is used to support the transverse shifting of the vehicle-carrying plate system;
The jacking system is fixedly connected with the vehicle-carrying plate system, for moving up and down for the vehicle-carrying plate system;
The set-up of control system is in the lower end of the garage frame, for controlling transverse shifting and the lifting of the crossing system System moves up and down;
The security protection system is used for operation and the progress for stopping multi-storied garage in time when multi-storied garage is abnormal situation Alarm.
A kind of 2. lifting cross-sliding type Automated three-dimensional garage according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the garage frame Including some crossbeams, longeron and support column, some crossbeam, longeron and support columns are mutually perpendicular to be built into a cuboid two-by-two Formula multi-storied garage.
A kind of 3. lifting cross-sliding type Automated three-dimensional garage according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the vehicle-carrying plate system System includes some pieces of upper vehicle-carrying plates and lower vehicle-carrying plate, wherein:
The lower vehicle-carrying plate is arranged at the orlop of multi-storied garage, and the quantity of the lower vehicle-carrying plate is N-1;
The upper vehicle-carrying plate is arranged at two layers of multi-storied garage and with upper strata, the upper vehicle-carrying plate of the parking space in the superiors Quantity is N number of, and the quantity of the upper vehicle-carrying plate of every layer of the parking space between M-1 layers to 2 layers is N-1.
A kind of 4. lifting cross-sliding type Automated three-dimensional garage according to claim 3, it is characterised in that the jacking system Including some motor reducers and link motion structure, wherein:
Some motor reducers are arranged in the garage frame of vehicle-carrying plate and lower vehicle-carrying plate side and each independent on every piece Running;
Some link motion structures are installed on four corners of every piece of upper vehicle-carrying plate with tetrad, and four link motion structures are same Step moves up and down, for moving up and down for the upper vehicle-carrying plate.
A kind of 5. lifting cross-sliding type Automated three-dimensional garage according to claim 3, it is characterised in that the crossing system Including some guide rails and steel wheel, wherein:
Some guide rails are symmetrically mounted on the medial surface of the longeron corresponding to each layer of parking stall two-by-two, for being uploaded to described The side-to-side movement of sweep or lower vehicle-carrying plate is oriented to;
Some steel wheels are installed on the lower section surrounding of every piece of vehicle-carrying plate with tetrad, are uploaded described in four steel wheels drives Sweep or lower vehicle-carrying plate are walked in the guide rail, for the upper vehicle-carrying plate or the transverse shifting of lower vehicle-carrying plate.
A kind of 6. lifting cross-sliding type Automated three-dimensional garage according to claim 3, it is characterised in that the control system Including parking stall execution unit, controller, state detection unit and operating platform, wherein:
The operating platform is arranged on the support column of lowermost layer, and is bi-directionally connected with the controller, for the convenient people that works Member is in the manual operations under semi-automatic manual operation state in multi-storied garage;
The signal output part of the state detection unit is connected with the signal input part of the controller, for vertical by what is detected Body garage status signal is sent to the controller;
The parking stall execution unit carries out bidirectional data communication with the controller, for sending parking stall execution signal to described Controller, the controller send lifting or traversing control signal to the parking stall execution unit according to the signal;
The controller uses PLC programmable controller.
7. a kind of lifting cross-sliding type Automated three-dimensional garage according to claim 6, it is characterised in that the parking stall performs Unit includes lifting motor driving unit and traversing electric-motor drive unit, wherein:
The lifting motor driving unit is electrically connected with every piece of upper vehicle-carrying plate, for driving the upper vehicle-carrying plate to make up and down It is mobile;
The traversing electric-motor drive unit is electrically connected with every piece of upper vehicle-carrying plate and lower vehicle-carrying plate, for driving described upload Sweep and lower vehicle-carrying plate move laterally.
A kind of 8. lifting cross-sliding type Automated three-dimensional garage according to claim 6, it is characterised in that the security protection System is strayed into detection device and falling proof device including warm smoke sensor, emergency stop switch, buting iron of holding up traffic, people's car, wherein:
The temperature smoke sensor is installed in each parking space, for being monitored in real time to the fire behavior of each parking space;
The emergency stop switch is arranged on the operating platform, for that can make parking apparatus immediately when being abnormal situation Shut down;
The buting iron of holding up traffic is arranged at the rear end of the vehicle-carrying plate, for vehicle to be parked in the suitable position of vehicle-carrying plate;
People's car is strayed into detection device and is installed in multi-storied garage, for detecting someone or other when multi-storied garage operates Object stops the running of multi-storied garage when entering garage;
The falling proof device is arranged on the top of vehicle-carrying plate, for preventing vehicle-carrying plate for some reason after vehicle-carrying plate rises to anchor point Plunk down injury people and Che.
A kind of 9. lifting cross-sliding type Automated three-dimensional garage according to claim 8, it is characterised in that the fall arrest dress Put including upper vehicle-carrying plate safety device and lower vehicle-carrying plate safety device, wherein:
The upper vehicle-carrying plate safety device includes upper and lower extreme limit of travel and switchs and installed in the longeron and off-position on upper vehicle-carrying plate Between suspension mechanism, wherein:
The switch of extreme limit of travel up and down is electrically connected with the control system, for being raised or lowered to the upper vehicle-carrying plate It is automatically stopped behind position;
The suspension mechanism includes four hooks, four earrings and a calutron, and four hooks are arranged on two two-by-two The both sides for the longeron that root is parallel to each other, four earrings are arranged on the both sides corresponding position of the upper vehicle-carrying plate, institute two-by-two The calutron driving hook is stated to be inserted in the earrings;
The lower vehicle-carrying plate safety device includes left and right extreme limit of travel switch and anticollision plate, wherein:
The left and right extreme limit of travel switch is electrically connected with the control system, for making the lower vehicle-carrying plate be laterally moved to behind position certainly It is dynamic to stop;
The anticollision plate is used for that the lower vehicle-carrying plate is traversing to be collided people, leave luggage or during car owner pet, cuts off traversing electricity The power supply of machine driving unit.
A kind of 10. lifting cross-sliding type Automated three-dimensional garage according to claim 3, it is characterised in that every piece of upper carrier vehicle Four wheel wells, the position of four wheels of four wheel wells and wheel are provided with plate and/or every piece of lower vehicle-carrying plate Put and be adapted to, for fixed vehicle.
CN201810007562.7A 2018-01-04 2018-01-04 A kind of lifting cross-sliding type Automated three-dimensional garage Pending CN108005448A (en)

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Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108681303A (en) * 2018-05-22 2018-10-19 东北大学 Based on driving intelligent garage control system and design method certainly
CN109085792A (en) * 2018-09-28 2018-12-25 山东九路泊车设备股份有限公司 A kind of stereo garage gravity measurement safety detecting system
CN109577708A (en) * 2018-12-25 2019-04-05 浙江双金机械集团股份有限公司 Parking systems
CN111236719A (en) * 2019-12-31 2020-06-05 江苏谦益实业有限公司 Control system of lifting and horizontal moving type mechanical stereo garage
CN113309395A (en) * 2020-10-21 2021-08-27 广州盛建科技产业园有限公司 Intelligent operation system of stereo garage

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108681303A (en) * 2018-05-22 2018-10-19 东北大学 Based on driving intelligent garage control system and design method certainly
CN109085792A (en) * 2018-09-28 2018-12-25 山东九路泊车设备股份有限公司 A kind of stereo garage gravity measurement safety detecting system
CN109577708A (en) * 2018-12-25 2019-04-05 浙江双金机械集团股份有限公司 Parking systems
CN111236719A (en) * 2019-12-31 2020-06-05 江苏谦益实业有限公司 Control system of lifting and horizontal moving type mechanical stereo garage
CN113309395A (en) * 2020-10-21 2021-08-27 广州盛建科技产业园有限公司 Intelligent operation system of stereo garage

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