CN108465528B - Construction waste crushing device and method with dust collection function - Google Patents

Construction waste crushing device and method with dust collection function Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108465528B
CN108465528B CN201810122324.0A CN201810122324A CN108465528B CN 108465528 B CN108465528 B CN 108465528B CN 201810122324 A CN201810122324 A CN 201810122324A CN 108465528 B CN108465528 B CN 108465528B
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China
Prior art keywords
crushing
box
construction waste
standing
plate
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CN201810122324.0A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN108465528A (en
Inventor
庄杰森
徐宏雁
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Hangzhou Yucai Foreign Language School
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Hangzhou Yucai Foreign Language School
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Priority to CN201810122324.0A priority Critical patent/CN108465528B/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/14Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within horizontal containers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/0084Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments specially adapted for disintegrating garbage, waste or sewage
    • B02C18/0092Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments specially adapted for disintegrating garbage, waste or sewage for waste water or for garbage
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/16Details
    • B02C18/24Drives
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C19/00Other disintegrating devices or methods
    • B02C19/0012Devices for disintegrating materials by collision of these materials against a breaking surface or breaking body and/or by friction between the material particles (also for grain)
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/08Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating
    • B02C23/16Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating with separator defining termination of crushing or disintegrating zone, e.g. screen denying egress of oversize material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B03SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS OR USING PNEUMATIC TABLES OR JIGS; MAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03CMAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03C3/00Separating dispersed particles from gases or vapour, e.g. air, by electrostatic effect
    • B03C3/017Combinations of electrostatic separation with other processes, not otherwise provided for
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/28Moving screens not otherwise provided for, e.g. swinging, reciprocating, rocking, tilting or wobbling screens
    • B07B1/34Moving screens not otherwise provided for, e.g. swinging, reciprocating, rocking, tilting or wobbling screens jigging or moving to-and-fro perpendicularly or approximately perpendiculary to the plane of the screen
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/42Drive mechanisms, regulating or controlling devices, or balancing devices, specially adapted for screens
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B15/00Preventing escape of dirt or fumes from the area where they are produced; Collecting or removing dirt or fumes from that area
    • B08B15/04Preventing escape of dirt or fumes from the area where they are produced; Collecting or removing dirt or fumes from that area from a small area, e.g. a tool
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/08Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating
    • B02C23/16Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating with separator defining termination of crushing or disintegrating zone, e.g. screen denying egress of oversize material
    • B02C2023/165Screen denying egress of oversize material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C2201/00Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials
    • B02C2201/06Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials for garbage, waste or sewage

Abstract

The invention discloses a construction waste crushing device with a dust absorption function and a method, wherein the crushing device comprises a supporting bottom plate, a supporting frame, a crushing box, a standing box and a dust collector, wherein a crushing assembly is movably connected in the crushing box; the crushing method comprises the following steps: (a) crushing the mixed materials; (b) oscillating and distributing materials; (c) standing for dedusting; (d) and (5) maintaining. The crushing device disclosed by the invention is simple in structure, high in crushing efficiency and good in crushing effect, and the collected construction waste particles are uniform and convenient for subsequent utilization; the crushing method is reasonable and orderly, easy to control, automatic and efficient, reduces the labor intensity of workers and prolongs the service life of equipment.

Description

Construction waste crushing device and method with dust collection function
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the field of constructional engineering, and particularly relates to a construction waste crushing device with a dust collection function and a method.
Background
The construction waste refers to residue soil, waste material, residual mud and other wastes generated in the process of construction, laying or dismantling and repairing of various buildings, structures, pipe networks and the like of construction units or personal teams, and most of the wastes in the construction waste can be reused as renewable resources after being sorted, removed or crushed.
When the existing crushing device is used for crushing the construction waste, the waste is not screened, the crushing mode is rough, the particle size of the treated waste is not suitable, and the subsequent use is not facilitated; and can produce a large amount of dusts at crushing in-process, partly can adhere on the reducing mechanism inner wall, influence reducing mechanism's life, another part can distribute everywhere when unloading, pollutes the atmosphere around, leads to the staff to inhale, endangers health.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to solve the technical problems in the prior art and provides a construction waste crushing device and a method with a dust collection function, wherein the crushing device is simple in structure, high in crushing efficiency and good in crushing effect, the collected construction waste particles are uniform, the subsequent utilization is facilitated, the utilization rate of the construction waste is improved, the waste is changed into valuable, and the economic benefit is high; the crushing method is reasonable and orderly, easy to control, automatic and efficient, reduces the labor intensity of workers, prolongs the service life of equipment, and ensures the particle state of the crushed construction waste, thereby improving the utilization rate of the construction waste.
In order to solve the technical problems, the invention adopts the following technical scheme:
the utility model provides a building rubbish breaker with dust absorption function which characterized in that: the crushing device comprises a supporting bottom plate, supporting frames, a crushing box, a standing box and a dust collector, wherein the standing box and the crushing box are arranged between the supporting frames, a discharge hopper is arranged between the standing box and the crushing box, the dust collector is arranged on the supporting bottom plate, dust collection pipes are arranged between the dust collector and the crushing box and between the standing box and the dust collector, a feed hopper is arranged on the crushing box, a crushing assembly is movably connected in the crushing box, a driving motor is arranged on the outer wall of the crushing box and connected with the crushing assembly, a material guide inclined plate and an oscillating mechanism are respectively arranged in the crushing box and located below the crushing assembly, the material guide inclined plate is symmetrically distributed, the oscillating mechanism comprises a T-shaped support, an oscillating rod, a driving motor, a driving block and a sliding block, one end of the T-shaped support is arranged on the inner wall of the crushing box and is respectively movably connected with one end of the oscillating rod and one end of the driving block, the transmission block is provided with a transmission pin, the swinging rod is provided with a strip-shaped groove, the transmission pin is positioned in the strip-shaped groove, the sliding block is connected to one side of the T-shaped support in a sliding manner, the sliding block is provided with a fixed pin, the fixed pin is positioned in the strip-shaped groove, a distribution sieve plate is arranged between the sliding blocks, the distribution sieve plate is positioned below the guide inclined plate, the distribution sieve plate is provided with a surrounding edge ring, the bottom of the standing box is movably connected with a baffle, the bottom surface of the standing box is movably connected with a baffle strip, and; the crushing device is simple in structure, high in crushing efficiency, good in crushing effect, even in collected construction waste particles, convenient to subsequently utilize, capable of improving the utilization rate of the construction waste, capable of changing waste into valuable and high in economic benefit
Further, broken subassembly includes the drive shaft, broken commentaries on classics board and fixed axle, broken commentaries on classics board evenly distributed is in the drive shaft, the one end of drive shaft is connected to driving motor, the fixed axle encircles and distributes between broken commentaries on classics board, be equipped with broken tooth on the fixed axle, driving motor drives the drive shaft and rotates, broken commentaries on classics board is followed to rotate, obtain the rotary force, broken commentaries on classics board drives the fixed axle and rotates, make broken epaxial broken tooth obtain the cutting force, the area of contact of broken commentaries on classics board is big, cut building rubbish into chunky by bold form, broken tooth is many with building rubbish's contact point, produce the cutting action to its many places, thereby make rubbish rapid deformation broken, the scope of cutting is big, the cutting force is strong, the crushing effect is.
Furthermore, sliding connection has the apron on the feeder hopper, and the apron covers the feed inlet of feeder hopper to prevent that the dust that produces from the feed inlet from wafting out among the crushing process, reduce the pollution to surrounding environment, still play the effect that gives sound insulation, reduce the noise that produces and outwards propagate among the crushing process.
Furthermore, the feed hopper is symmetrically provided with sliding chutes, the two sides of the cover plate are respectively provided with a sliding pin, the sliding pins are positioned in the sliding chutes, the cover plate is limited between the sliding chutes through the sliding pins and cannot be separated from the feed hopper, the horizontal sliding is smooth, and the switch is convenient.
Furthermore, the inner wall of the standing box is provided with the electrostatic dust collection sheet, and the electrostatic dust collection sheet can absorb dust generated in the garbage crushing process so as to prevent the dust from flying in the garbage unloading process, reduce the pollution to the surrounding environment, and simultaneously avoid the suction of workers and reduce the health hazard.
Furthermore, be equipped with on the inner wall of broken case and inhale the cotton layer of sound, inhale the cotton layer of sound and carry out partial absorption and consumption to the noise that the broken in-process of rubbish produced to reduce the noise pollution to the surrounding environment.
Furthermore, the standing box is provided with a transparent observation window, and the arrangement of the transparent observation window is convenient for workers to clearly see the accumulation condition of the garbage in the standing box so as to discharge the garbage in time.
Furthermore, the crushing box is provided with an access door, so that parts in the crushing box can be maintained regularly, and the surface of the material separating sieve plate is cleaned, thereby keeping efficient crushing treatment and sieving efficiency.
A crushing method of a construction waste crushing device with a dust collection function is characterized by comprising the following steps:
(a) mixing and crushing: pouring the construction waste into a crushing box from a feed hopper, starting a driving motor, driving a driving shaft to rotate by the driving motor, driving a crushing rotating plate to rotate by the driving shaft, obtaining rotary cutting force by the crushing rotating plate, cutting the construction waste, simultaneously driving a fixed shaft to rotate by the crushing rotating plate, obtaining rotary cutting force by crushing teeth on the crushing shaft, crushing the construction waste rushing into the crushing rotating plate, impacting the crushed construction waste back and forth in the crushing box, continuously damaging the crushed construction waste by the impact, and changing the construction waste into a crushed shape from a block shape and discharging the crushed construction waste downwards through a material guide inclined plate;
(b) oscillating and distributing materials: broken building rubbish falls on the distributing sieve plate, the driving motor is started to drive the transmission block to rotate, the transmission block drives the swing rod to swing through the transmission pin, the swing rod drives the sliding block to slide up and down to and fro on one side of the T-shaped support through the fixed pin, the sliding block drives the distributing sieve plate to move up and down and move back and forth, the building rubbish falling on the distributing sieve plate is continuously oscillated, the building rubbish adhered together is vibrated, the building rubbish meeting the specification of sieve meshes of the distributing sieve plate directly falls down, and the building rubbish is discharged into the standing box through the discharging hopper;
(c) standing and dedusting: controlling the residence time of the construction waste in the standing box to be 15-20 min, standing the construction waste in the standing box, standing dust at the bottom of the standing box, starting a dust collector, sucking the dust generated in the crushing process in the crushing box and the dust standing in the standing box into the dust collector through a dust suction pipe, wherein the running time of the dust collector is 5-10 min, rotating the baffle bar outwards to separate the baffle bar from the bottom surface of the baffle, and freely opening the baffle plate downwards to discharge the construction waste;
(d) maintenance: after the construction waste is discharged, the access door is opened, the construction waste adhered to the crushing assembly is picked off, and then the construction waste retained on the material distributing sieve plate is uniformly taken out and mixed into the next batch of construction waste for retreatment.
Further, in the crushing process in the step (a), the outer wall of the crushing box is knocked for 5-8 times every 10-15 min, and dust and building garbage crushed materials adhered to the inner wall of the crushing box are knocked down, so that the dust collector can absorb the dust and the building garbage conveniently, the recovery rate of the building garbage is improved, and the crushing operation is not influenced.
Due to the adoption of the technical scheme, the invention has the following beneficial effects:
building garbage is poured into a crushing box from a feeding hopper, a driving motor drives a driving shaft to rotate in the crushing box, a crushing rotating plate rotates along with the driving shaft to obtain rotary cutting force, the crushing rotating plate drives a fixed shaft to rotate to enable crushing teeth on the crushing shaft to obtain cutting force, the contact area of the crushing rotating plate is large, the building garbage is cut into small blocks from large blocks, the contact points between the crushing teeth and the building garbage are more, cutting effects are generated on multiple positions of the crushing teeth and the building garbage, the garbage is rapidly deformed and crushed, the crushed building garbage impacts back and forth in the crushing box, the structure is damaged by impact, the structure is more easily crushed, and the crushed building garbage is discharged downwards along the trend through a material guide inclined plate and falls on a material distribution sieve plate; the driving motor drives the transmission block and rotates, the transmission block drives the swinging rod through the transmission pin and swings back and forth, the spacing connection of slider is on T type support, the back and forth swing that realizes the swinging rod drives the slider and slides back and forth from top to bottom, divide the material sieve and then slide from top to bottom the slider, the building rubbish to falling on it vibrates, on the one hand shake the building rubbish that the adhesion is in the same place and loose, on the other hand makes and divides the material sieve and collide the contact with the building rubbish, do benefit to the screening with the building rubbish, the screening efficiency is improved, later stage building rubbish's treatment intensity has been reduced, the building rubbish granule of collecting is even, the follow-up utilization of being convenient for, the building rubbish after the screening.
Dust suction pipes are arranged between the dust collector and the crushing box and between the dust collector and the standing box, dust generated in the crushing box and the standing box is sucked into the dust collector through the dust suction pipes, the dust is prevented from being adhered to device parts, the influence on the service life of the device parts is reduced, and the dust generated in the crushing process is removed in advance, so that the pollution of the dust to the atmosphere after the construction waste is discharged is avoided, the environment is protected, workers are prevented from sucking the dust to harm health during charging and discharging, and a protective effect is achieved; the stop strip is movably connected to the bottom surface of the standing box and is in contact with the bottom surface of the baffle, the stop strip limits the baffle to rotate freely, so that the discharge opening of the bottom of the standing box is closed by the baffle, the stop strip is rotated outwards to be not attached to the bottom surface of the baffle, the baffle can rotate downwards freely, and the bottom of the standing box is opened to facilitate discharging.
The crushing device disclosed by the invention is simple in structure, high in crushing efficiency and good in crushing effect, the collected construction waste particles are uniform, the subsequent utilization is facilitated, the utilization rate of the construction waste is improved, waste is changed into valuable, and the economic benefit is high; the crushing method is reasonable and orderly, easy to control, automatic and efficient, reduces the labor intensity of workers, prolongs the service life of equipment, and ensures the particle state of the crushed construction waste, thereby improving the utilization rate of the construction waste.
Drawings
The invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings in which:
FIG. 1 is a schematic external view of a construction waste crushing apparatus with a dust suction function according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the internal structure of a construction waste crusher with dust suction function according to the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the connection between the drive motor and the crushing assembly in accordance with the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the connection structure of the oscillating mechanism and the material distributing sieve plate in the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of the connection between the T-shaped bracket and the swing lever according to the present invention.
In the figure: 1-a support floor; 2-a support frame; 3-a crushing box; 4-standing the box; 5, a dust collector; 6-discharging hopper; 7-a dust suction pipe; 8-a feed hopper; 9-cover plate; 10-a chute; 11-a sliding pin; 12-a drive motor; 13-a drive shaft; 14-crushing rotating plate; 15-a fixed shaft; 16-crushing teeth; 17-a material guiding inclined plate; an 18-T shaped stent; 19-a swing lever; 20-a drive motor; 21-a transmission block; 22-a slide block; 23-a drive pin; 24-a strip groove; 25-a fixed pin; 26-material separating sieve plate; 27-enclosing a side retaining ring; 28-a baffle; 29-barrier strip; 30-a transparent viewing window; 31-access door.
Detailed Description
As shown in fig. 1 to 5, the construction waste crushing device with dust absorption function of the invention comprises a supporting base plate 1, a supporting frame 2, a crushing box 3, a standing box 4 and a dust collector 5, wherein the standing box 4 and the crushing box 3 are both arranged between the supporting frame 2, a discharge hopper 6 is arranged between the standing box 4 and the crushing box 3, the dust collector 5 is arranged on the supporting base plate 1, dust absorption pipes 7 are respectively arranged between the dust collector 5 and the crushing box 3 and between the standing box 4, dust generated in the crushing box 3 and the standing box 4 is absorbed into the dust collector 5 through the dust absorption pipes 7, so that the dust adhesion on device parts is reduced, the influence on the service life of the device parts is reduced, the dust generated in the crushing process is removed in advance, and the pollution of the dust to the atmosphere after the construction waste is discharged is avoided, and the device is green and environment-friendly, the dust-free automatic loading and unloading device can prevent workers from sucking dust to harm health during loading and unloading, and has a protection effect.
Be equipped with feeder hopper 8 on broken case 3, sliding connection has apron 9 on feeder hopper 8, and apron 9 covers the feed inlet of feeder hopper 8 to prevent that the dust that produces from the feed inlet from wafting out among the crushing process, reduce the pollution to the surrounding environment, still play the effect that gives sound insulation, reduce the outside transmission of noise that produces among the crushing process. The feed hopper 8 is symmetrically provided with sliding chutes 10, the two sides of the cover plate 9 are respectively provided with a sliding pin 11, the sliding pins 11 are positioned in the sliding chutes 10, the cover plate 9 is limited between the sliding chutes 10 through the sliding pins 11 and cannot be separated from the feed hopper 8, the horizontal sliding is smooth, and the opening and closing are convenient.
The crushing box 3 is internally and movably connected with a crushing component, the outer wall of the crushing box 3 is provided with a driving motor 12, the crushing component comprises a driving shaft 13, a crushing rotating plate 14 and a fixing shaft 15, the crushing rotating plate 14 is uniformly distributed on the driving shaft 13, the driving motor 12 is connected with one end of the driving shaft 13, the fixing shaft 15 is distributed among the crushing rotating plates 14 in a surrounding manner, the fixing shaft 15 is provided with crushing teeth 16, the driving motor 12 drives the driving shaft 13 to rotate, the crushing rotating plates 14 rotate to obtain rotary cutting force, the crushing rotating plates 14 drive the fixing shaft 15 to rotate, so that the crushing teeth 16 on the crushing shaft obtain cutting force, the contact area of the crushing rotating plates 14 is large, the construction waste is cut into small blocks from large blocks, the contact points between the crushing teeth 16 and the construction waste are more, cutting effects are generated at multiple positions of the crushing teeth, the waste is rapidly deformed and crushed, the crushing range is, the crushing degree of the construction waste is improved.
The crushing box 3 is internally provided with a material guide sloping plate 17 and an oscillating mechanism respectively, the material guide sloping plate 17 is positioned below the crushing assembly, the material guide sloping plate 17 is symmetrically distributed, the oscillating mechanism comprises a T-shaped support 18, an oscillating rod 19, a driving motor 20, a driving block 21 and a sliding block 22, one end of the T-shaped support 18 is arranged on the inner wall of the crushing box 3, the T-shaped support 18 is movably connected with one end of the oscillating rod 19 and one end of the driving block 21 respectively, the driving motor 20 is arranged on the T-shaped support 18, the driving motor 20 is connected with the driving block 21, the driving block 21 is provided with a driving pin 23, the oscillating rod 19 is provided with a strip-shaped groove 24, the driving pin 23 is positioned in the strip-shaped groove 24, the sliding block 22 is connected with one side of the T-shaped support 18 in a sliding manner, the sliding block 22 is provided with a fixing pin 25, the fixing pin 25 is positioned in the strip-shaped groove 24, a material separating sieve plate 26, spacing connection of slider 22 is on T type support 18, the back and forth swing that realizes swinging arms 19 drives slider 22 and makes a round trip to slide from top to bottom, divide material sieve 26 to follow slider 22 and slide from top to bottom, the building rubbish to falling on it vibrates, on the one hand shake the building rubbish that the adhesion is in the same place and looses, on the other hand makes and divides material sieve 26 and building rubbish collision contact, do benefit to the screening with building rubbish, the screening efficiency has been improved, the processing strength of later stage building rubbish has been reduced, the building rubbish granule of collecting is even, the subsequent utilization of being convenient for. The material distributing sieve plate 26 is positioned below the material guiding sloping plate 17, the material guiding sloping plate 17 plays a role in blocking and buffering, the falling speed of the construction waste is slowed down, the situation that the chopped construction waste directly falls on the material distributing sieve plate 26 is avoided, the pressure of the construction waste on the material distributing sieve plate 26 is weakened, and the screening pressure of the material distributing sieve plate 26 is relieved. Divide to be equipped with on the material sieve 26 and enclose fender border 27, enclose fender border 27 and play the avris and enclose the fender effect, will divide material sieve 26 to enclose and close, do benefit to and concentrate the screening to the building rubbish of garrulous form. Construction waste after the screening is discharged into the case 4 that stews through the play hopper 6, and the case 4 that stews plays the effect of filtering, the construction waste that stews, and the dust can stew, deposit in the case 4 that stews, siphons away the dust through dust catcher 5, gets rid of the dust that produces in the crushing process in advance to avoid construction waste discharge back dust to atmospheric pollution.
The bottom of the standing box 4 is movably connected with a baffle 28, the bottom surface of the standing box 4 is movably connected with a baffle strip 29, the baffle strip 29 is in contact with the bottom surface of the baffle 28, the baffle strip 29 limits the baffle 28 to rotate freely, so that the baffle 28 closes a discharge opening at the bottom of the standing box 4, the baffle strip 29 is rotated outwards to be not attached to the bottom surface of the baffle 28 any more, the baffle 28 can rotate downwards freely, and the bottom of the standing box 4 is opened. The inner wall of the standing box 4 is provided with the electrostatic dust collection sheet, and the electrostatic dust collection sheet can absorb dust generated in the garbage crushing process so as to prevent the dust from flying in the garbage unloading process, reduce the pollution to the surrounding environment, simultaneously avoid the suction of workers and reduce the health hazard. The standing box 4 is provided with a transparent observation window 30, and the arrangement of the transparent observation window 30 is convenient for workers to clearly see the accumulation condition of the garbage in the standing box 4 so as to discharge the garbage in time.
Be equipped with on the inner wall of broken case 3 and inhale the cotton layer of sound, inhale the cotton layer of sound and carry out partial absorption and consumption to the noise that the broken in-process of rubbish produced to reduce the noise pollution to the surrounding environment. Be equipped with access door 31 on crushing case 3, be convenient for regularly maintain the part in the crushing case 3, the clearance divides the material sieve 26 surface to keep efficient crushing treatment and screening efficiency.
A crushing method of a construction waste crushing device with a dust collection function comprises the following steps:
(a) mixing and crushing: building garbage is poured into the crushing box 3 from the feeding hopper 8, the cover plate 9 is closed to play a role in dust blocking and sound insulation, the driving motor 12 is started, the driving shaft 13 is driven by the driving motor 12 to rotate, the crushing rotating plate 14 is driven by the driving shaft 13 to rotate, the crushing rotating plate 14 obtains rotary cutting force to cut the building garbage, meanwhile, the crushing rotating plate 14 drives the fixed shaft 15 to rotate, the crushing teeth 16 on the crushing shaft obtain rotary cutting force to crush the building garbage rushed between the crushing rotating plates 14, the crushed building garbage is impacted back and forth in the crushing box 3 and is continuously damaged by impact, the building garbage is changed into a crushed shape from a block shape, the building garbage is discharged downwards through the material guide inclined plate 17 to crush the building garbage with different shapes in multiple directions, the crushing efficiency is high, and the crushing effect is good;
(b) oscillating and distributing materials: garrulous form building rubbish falls on dividing material sieve 26, driving motor 20 opens, it rotates to drive transmission block 21, transmission block 21 drives the swing rod 19 swing through driving pin 23, swing rod 19 drives slider 22 through fixed pin 25 and makes a round trip to slide in one side of T type support 18 from top to bottom, slider 22 drives and divides material sieve 26 back and forth movement from top to bottom, constantly oscillate the building rubbish that falls on dividing material sieve 26, the building rubbish that will adhere together shakes and looses, accord with the direct whereabouts of building rubbish of the sieve mesh specification of dividing material sieve 26, arrange into through play hopper 6 and stew in the case 4.
(c) Standing and dedusting: the standing time of the construction waste in the standing box 4 is controlled to be 15-20 min, the construction waste can stand in the standing box 4, dust is settled at the bottom of the standing box 4, the standing time is reasonably controlled, the dust can be guaranteed to stand and settle completely, and working hours are not affected. And then starting a dust collector 5, sucking dust generated in the crushing process in the crushing box 3 and dust standing in the standing box 4 into the dust collector 5 through a dust suction pipe 7, wherein the running time of the dust collector 5 is 5-10 min, so that the dust is completely absorbed and is discharged in time, and the subsequent cleaning difficulty is reduced. Then the stop strip 29 is rotated outwards to be separated from the bottom surface of the baffle 28, the baffle 28 is freely opened downwards, the construction waste is discharged out, and the construction waste is discharged under the action of gravity, so that the labor is saved and the convenience is realized.
(d) Maintenance: after the construction waste is discharged, the access door 31 is opened, the construction waste adhered to the crushing assembly is picked off, the construction waste is prevented from being adhered to the crushing assembly, the operation of the crushing assembly is influenced, the phenomenon of blocking or reducing speed occurs, and the service life of the crushing assembly is prolonged. Then the construction waste detained on the material distributing sieve plate 26 is uniformly taken out, the influence on the sieving effect caused by the more construction waste detained on the material distributing sieve plate 26 is prevented, the construction waste is mixed into the next batch of construction waste for retreatment and is repeatedly crushed, and the construction waste is cut into the available particle size, so that the subsequent utilization is facilitated.
Building garbage is poured into the crushing box 3 from the feeding hopper 8, in the crushing box 3, the driving motor 12 drives the driving shaft 13 to rotate, the crushing rotating plate 14 rotates along with the crushing rotating plate to obtain rotary cutting force, the crushing rotating plate 14 drives the fixed shaft 15 to rotate, so that the crushing teeth 16 on the crushing shaft obtain cutting force, the contact area of the crushing rotating plate 14 is large, the building garbage is cut into small blocks from large blocks, the contact points between the crushing teeth 16 and the building garbage are more, cutting action is generated on multiple positions of the crushing teeth 16, the garbage is rapidly deformed and crushed, the crushed building garbage impacts back and forth in the crushing box 3, the structure is damaged by impact and is more easily crushed, and the crushed building garbage is discharged downwards along the trend through the material guide inclined plate 17 and falls on the material distribution sieve plate 26; drive motor 20 drives transmission block 21 and rotates, transmission block 21 drives swinging arms 19 round trip swing through drive pin 23, the spacing connection of slider 22 is on T type support 18, the round trip swing that realizes swinging arms 19 drives slider 22 and makes a round trip to slide from top to bottom, divide material sieve 26 to follow slider 22 and slide from top to bottom, the building rubbish to falling on it vibrates, on the one hand shake the adhesion building rubbish together and loose, on the other hand makes and divides material sieve 26 and building rubbish collision contact, do benefit to the building rubbish screening, the screening efficiency is improved, the treatment intensity of later stage building rubbish is reduced, the building rubbish granule of collecting is even, be convenient for subsequent utilization, the building rubbish after the screening is discharged through play hopper 6 and is stood in the case 4 that stews.
Dust suction pipes 7 are arranged between the dust collector 5 and the crushing box 3 and between the dust collector and the standing box 4, dust generated in the crushing box 3 and the standing box 4 is sucked into the dust collector 5 through the dust suction pipes 7, dust adhesion to device parts is reduced, influence on service life of the device parts is reduced, and dust generated in the crushing process is removed in advance, so that pollution of dust to the atmosphere after construction waste is discharged is avoided, the environment is protected, workers are prevented from sucking dust to harm health during charging and discharging, and a protection effect is achieved; the bottom surface of the standing box 4 is movably connected with a barrier strip 29, the barrier strip 29 is in contact with the bottom surface of the baffle 28, and the barrier strip 29 limits the free rotation of the baffle 28, so that the baffle 28 closes the discharge opening at the bottom of the standing box 4, the barrier strip 29 is rotated outwards to be not attached to the bottom surface of the baffle 28, the baffle 28 can rotate downwards freely, and the bottom of the standing box 4 is opened to facilitate discharging.
The crushing device disclosed by the invention is simple in structure, high in crushing efficiency and good in crushing effect, the collected construction waste particles are uniform, the subsequent utilization is facilitated, the utilization rate of the construction waste is improved, waste is changed into valuable, and the economic benefit is high; the crushing method is reasonable and orderly, easy to control, automatic and efficient, reduces the labor intensity of workers, prolongs the service life of equipment, and ensures the particle state of the crushed construction waste, thereby improving the utilization rate of the construction waste.
The above is only a specific embodiment of the present invention, but the technical features of the present invention are not limited thereto. Any simple changes, equivalent substitutions or modifications made based on the present invention to solve the same technical problems and achieve the same technical effects are within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. The utility model provides a building rubbish breaker with dust absorption function which characterized in that: comprises a supporting bottom plate, a supporting frame, a crushing box, a standing box and a dust collector, wherein the standing box and the crushing box are arranged between the supporting frame, a discharge hopper is arranged between the standing box and the crushing box, the dust collector is arranged on the supporting bottom plate, dust collection pipes are arranged between the dust collector and the crushing box and between the dust collector and the standing box, a feed hopper is arranged on the crushing box, a crushing assembly is movably connected in the crushing box, a driving motor is arranged on the outer wall of the crushing box and connected with the crushing assembly, a material guide inclined plate and an oscillating mechanism are respectively arranged in the crushing box, the material guide inclined plate is positioned below the crushing assembly and symmetrically distributed, the oscillating mechanism comprises a T-shaped support, an oscillating rod, a driving motor, a transmission block and a sliding block, one end of the T-shaped support is arranged on the inner wall of the crushing box, the T-shaped support is respectively movably connected with one end of the swinging rod and one end of the transmission block, the driving motor is arranged on the T-shaped support, the driving motor is connected with the transmission block, the transmission block is provided with a transmission pin, the swinging rod is provided with a strip-shaped groove, the transmission pin is positioned in the strip-shaped groove, the slide block is slidably connected with one side of the T-shaped support, the slide block is provided with a fixed pin, the fixed pin is positioned in the strip-shaped groove, a material distributing sieve plate is arranged between the slide blocks and positioned below the material guide inclined plate, a blocking edge ring is arranged on the material distributing sieve plate, the bottom of the standing box is movably connected with a baffle plate, the bottom surface of the standing box is movably connected with a blocking strip, the blocking strip is contacted with the bottom surface of the baffle plate, the crushing box is provided with an access door, and the inner wall of the, the inner wall of the crushing box is provided with a sound absorption cotton layer, and the standing box is provided with a transparent observation window.
2. The construction waste crushing device with the dust suction function as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the crushing assembly comprises a driving shaft, crushing rotating plates and a fixing shaft, the crushing rotating plates are evenly distributed on the driving shaft, the driving motor is connected with one end of the driving shaft, the fixing shaft is distributed around the crushing rotating plates, and crushing teeth are arranged on the fixing shaft.
3. The construction waste crushing device with the dust suction function as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the feed hopper is connected with a cover plate in a sliding mode.
4. The construction waste crushing device with the dust suction function as claimed in claim 3, wherein: the feed hopper is symmetrically provided with sliding chutes, and two sides of the cover plate are respectively provided with a sliding pin which is positioned in the sliding chutes.
5. The crushing method using the construction waste crushing device with the dust suction function according to claim 1, characterized by comprising the steps of:
(a) mixing and crushing: pouring the construction waste into a crushing box from a feed hopper, starting a driving motor, driving a driving shaft to rotate by the driving motor, driving a crushing rotating plate to rotate by the driving shaft, obtaining rotary cutting force by the crushing rotating plate, cutting the construction waste, simultaneously driving a fixed shaft to rotate by the crushing rotating plate, obtaining rotary cutting force by crushing teeth on the crushing shaft, crushing the construction waste rushing into the crushing rotating plate, impacting the crushed construction waste back and forth in the crushing box, continuously damaging the crushed construction waste by the impact, and changing the construction waste into a crushed shape from a block shape and discharging the crushed construction waste downwards through a material guide inclined plate;
(b) oscillating and distributing materials: broken building rubbish falls on the distributing sieve plate, the driving motor is started to drive the transmission block to rotate, the transmission block drives the swing rod to swing through the transmission pin, the swing rod drives the sliding block to slide up and down to and fro on one side of the T-shaped support through the fixed pin, the sliding block drives the distributing sieve plate to move up and down and move back and forth, the building rubbish falling on the distributing sieve plate is continuously oscillated, the building rubbish adhered together is vibrated, the building rubbish meeting the specification of sieve meshes of the distributing sieve plate directly falls down, and the building rubbish is discharged into the standing box through the discharging hopper;
(c) standing and dedusting: controlling the residence time of the construction waste in the standing box to be 15-20 min, standing the construction waste in the standing box, standing dust at the bottom of the standing box, starting a dust collector, sucking the dust generated in the crushing process in the crushing box and the dust standing in the standing box into the dust collector through a dust suction pipe, wherein the running time of the dust collector is 5-10 min, rotating the baffle bar outwards to separate the baffle bar from the bottom surface of the baffle, and freely opening the baffle plate downwards to discharge the construction waste;
(d) maintenance: after the construction waste is discharged, the access door is opened, the construction waste adhered to the crushing assembly is picked off, and then the construction waste retained on the material distributing sieve plate is uniformly taken out and mixed into the next batch of construction waste for retreatment.
6. The crushing method of the construction waste crushing device with the dust suction function according to claim 5, wherein the crushing method comprises the following steps: in the step (a), in the crushing process, knocking the outer wall of the crushing box 5-8 times every 10-15 min.
CN201810122324.0A 2018-02-07 2018-02-07 Construction waste crushing device and method with dust collection function Active CN108465528B (en)

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CN111111900A (en) * 2019-12-03 2020-05-08 杭州宝力体育设施工程有限公司 Building rubbish breaker for building engineering
CN111686915A (en) * 2020-06-09 2020-09-22 扬州康业环境工程技术有限公司 Make things convenient for breaker for refuse treatment of material loading and unloading

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