CN207288070U - A kind of groundnut cleaner - Google Patents

A kind of groundnut cleaner Download PDF

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Publication number
CN207288070U
CN207288070U CN201721101755.6U CN201721101755U CN207288070U CN 207288070 U CN207288070 U CN 207288070U CN 201721101755 U CN201721101755 U CN 201721101755U CN 207288070 U CN207288070 U CN 207288070U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
sieve plate
housing
rack
feed hopper
material toggling
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201721101755.6U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
蒋庆友
徐建国
蒋庆臣
王红梅
阮谢亭
张国浩
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Zhengyang County Yufeng Machinery Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Zhengyang County Yufeng Machinery Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Zhengyang County Yufeng Machinery Co Ltd filed Critical Zhengyang County Yufeng Machinery Co Ltd
Priority to CN201721101755.6U priority Critical patent/CN207288070U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN207288070U publication Critical patent/CN207288070U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

A kind of groundnut cleaner, including rack, upper rack is equipped with feed hopper and pneumatic separation device, central rack is equipped with device for vibration screening, rack is equipped with the conveying device positioned at device for vibration screening exit, and the exit of feed hopper is equipped with cutting agency, and cutting agency includes material toggling roller, material toggling outer surface of cylinder is provided with material toggling baffle, and each material toggling baffle outer is provided with fur layer;Device for vibration screening includes housing, the first sieve plate and the second sieve plate are arranged at intervals with housing up and down, spring is connected between the edge of first sieve plate and the second sieve plate, the rear end of housing is equipped with the first impurity discharging port, discharge gate and the second impurity discharging port, and housing sidepiece is provided with vibrating motor;Pneumatic separation device includes the self-priming wind turbine being arranged in rack.Utility model works are reliable, simple operation, screening effect is good, work efficiency is high, can effectively remove impurity in peanut material.

Description

A kind of groundnut cleaner
Technical field
The utility model belongs to agricultural machinery technological field, more particularly to a kind of groundnut cleaner.
Background technology
The work of cleaning of peanut there is no corresponding mechanical work at present, carries, picks, winnowing etc. per procedure It is entirely to be completed by manually, the light impurities especially mixed in peanut such as peanut vine, residual film etc., manually clean work Intensity is big, and work efficiency is low.The existing cleaning plant of in the market, structure is more complicated, and of high cost, to cleaning for peanut Efficiency is low, and it is poor to clean effect, it is difficult to meets large-scale production.
Utility model content
The utility model is in order to solve shortcoming of the prior art, there is provided a kind of reliable operation, simple operation, screening Effect is good, work efficiency is high, can effectively remove the groundnut cleaner of impurity in peanut material.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the utility model adopts the following technical solution:A kind of groundnut cleaner, including machine Frame, upper rack are equipped with feed hopper, and rack is equipped with the pneumatic separation device positioned at feed hopper side, and central rack is equipped with positioned at charging Device for vibration screening below struggling against, device for vibration screening is in closed structure, the lower end of feed hopper and the import of device for vibration screening It is connected, the top of device for vibration screening is connected with pneumatic separation device, and rack is equipped with positioned at device for vibration screening exit Conveying device, the exit of feed hopper are equipped with cutting agency, and cutting agency includes the material toggling roller being rotatably connected on feed hopper, Material toggling outer surface of cylinder is arranged at intervals with material toggling baffle along its circumferencial direction, and each material toggling baffle outer is provided with fur layer, machine Frame bottom is equipped with the power set for being used for driving material toggling roller;Device for vibration screening includes housing, is arranged at intervals up and down in housing There are the first sieve plate and the second sieve plate, the screen-aperture of the first sieve plate is more than the screen-aperture of the second sieve plate, the first sieve plate and second Sieve plate both sides are connected in housing by swing rod respectively, and spring, housing are connected between the edge of the first sieve plate and the second sieve plate Rear end be equipped with the first impurity discharging port, discharge gate and the second impurity discharging port, housing sidepiece is provided with vibrating motor;Pneumatic separation device includes setting The self-priming wind turbine in rack is put, is connected between the air inlet and case top of self-priming wind turbine by air passage, under air passage Hold towards the outlet of feed hopper.
The feed end of first sieve plate is provided with least two block brushes, and block brush one end is rotatably connected on the first sieve plate.
Conveying device includes the conveyer belt being obliquely installed obliquely and the conveying bucket set along conveyer belt length direction.
Bucket is interval with conveyer belt along its length.
The material toggling baffle forms arc structure from both sides to middle depression downward.
The housing of the device for vibration screening is equipped with the observation window positioned at feed hopper side.
The air outlet of the self-priming wind turbine is connected with refuse collecting case.
Traveling wheel is respectively equipped with four angles of bottom of the frame.
Using above-mentioned technical proposal, the utility model has the following advantages that:
1st, the utility model is provided with cutting agency in the exit of feed hopper, and peanut is falling on vibrating screen under feed hopper During in screening device, the material toggling roller of cutting agency is separated peanut by material toggling baffle, and is caused in feed hopper Peanut intermittently fall, avoid the exit of feed hopper from blocking, while control the discharge quantity and blanking velocity of peanut, So as to control breakneck acceleration, it is ensured that the normal operation of device for vibration screening, material toggling baffle edge are provided with fur layer, avoid material toggling Baffle extrudes peanut so that peanut ruptures.
2nd, the utility model carries out peanut material sizing screening using pneumatic separation device and device for vibration screening, peanut by into , will be mixed under the action of self-priming wind turbine during hopper is dropped down onto in device for vibration screening housing under being acted on through material toggling roller Light impurities in peanut material(Such as peanut vine, grass blade, stone end and fine dust)It is drawn to through air passage in refuse collecting case, Peanut is dropped down onto on the first sieve plate under entering after housing, block brush on the first sieve plate rotate so that under drop down onto peanut on the first sieve plate Tiling is come, and is uniformly distributed on the first sieve plate, improves screening efficiency and screening effect, the first sieve plate shake vibrating motor The lower vibration of action, peanut follow the vibration of the first sieve plate, can filter out big stone, rhizome etc., and make to drop down onto the under peanut Two sieve plates, big stone, rhizome are mobile to the first impurity discharging port under the effect of vibration of the first sieve plate and are discharged by the first impurity discharging port, Under the peanut that drops down onto on the second sieve plate vibrated with the second sieve plate under the action of vibrating motor, the little particle impurity in peanut is from Housing bottom is dropped down onto under in the sieve aperture of two sieve plates, the peanut filtered out moves simultaneously under the effect of vibration of the second sieve plate to discharge gate Discharged by discharge gate, under drop down onto the little particle impurity of housing bottom and discharged by the second impurity discharging port, greatly improved using above device Screening efficiency and screening effect.
3rd, it is connected with spring between the edge of the first sieve plate and the second sieve plate so that the first sieve plate and the second sieve plate are vibrating During avoid colliding, and limit the amplitude of vibration, improve the stability of screening, screening effect greatly improves.
4th, in the bucket by dropping down onto conveying device under the peanut after the screening of discharge gate discharge, conveyed by conveyer belt To specified region, the bucket in conveying device separates the peanut filtered out, quantitative conveying is carried out, so as to improve defeated Send efficiency.
5th, material toggling baffle forms arc structure from both sides to middle depression downward, the peanut that will preferably fall from feed hopper Separate, avoid blocking;The housing of device for vibration screening is equipped with the observation window positioned at feed hopper side, can clearly see Examine the screening situation of device for vibration screening;Traveling wheel is respectively equipped with four angles of bottom of the frame so that whole device movement side Just.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the main structure diagram of the utility model;
Fig. 2 is the side structure schematic view of the utility model;
Fig. 3 is the structure diagram of conveying device in the utility model;
Fig. 4 is the structure diagram of material toggling roller in the utility model;
Fig. 5 is the structure diagram of device for vibration screening in the utility model;
Fig. 6 is the structure diagram of the first sieve plate in the utility model.
Embodiment
As shown in figures 1 to 6, the utility model in order to solve the above technical problems, the utility model uses following technical side Case:A kind of groundnut cleaner, including rack 1,1 top of rack are equipped with feed hopper 2, and rack 1 is equipped with positioned at 2 side of feed hopper Pneumatic separation device, the middle part of rack 1 are equipped with the device for vibration screening positioned at the lower section of feed hopper 2, and device for vibration screening is in closed structure, into The lower end of hopper 2 is connected with the import of device for vibration screening, and the top of device for vibration screening is connected with pneumatic separation device, rack 1 is equipped with the conveying device positioned at device for vibration screening exit, and conveying device is obliquely installed obliquely, the outlet of feed hopper 2 Place is equipped with cutting agency 3, and cutting agency 3 includes the material toggling roller 4 being rotatably connected on feed hopper 2,4 outer surface edge of material toggling roller Its circumferencial direction is arranged at intervals with material toggling baffle 5, and each material toggling baffle 5 is set along the axis direction of material toggling roller 4, each group Expect equal length of the length with material toggling roller 4 of baffle 5, the spacing between two neighboring material toggling baffle 5 is equal, each material toggling 5 outer of baffle is provided with fur layer 6, and 1 bottom of rack is equipped with the power set 7 for being used for driving material toggling roller 4;Device for vibration screening Including housing 8, the first sieve plate 9 and the second sieve plate 10 are arranged at intervals with up and down in housing 8, the screen-aperture of the first sieve plate 9 is more than The screen-aperture of second sieve plate 10, the first sieve plate 9 and 10 both sides of the second sieve plate are connected in housing 8 by swing rod 11 respectively, the One sieve plate 9 and the second sieve plate 10 before it is high after low dip set and be parallel to each other, the edge of the first sieve plate 9 and the second sieve plate 10 it Between be connected with spring 12, the rear end of housing 8 is equipped with the first impurity discharging port 13,14 and second impurity discharging port 15 of discharge gate, the first sieve plate 9 Discharge end is connected with the first impurity discharging port 13, and the discharge end of the second sieve plate 10 is connected with discharge gate 14, and 8 sidepiece of housing is provided with Vibrating motor 16;Pneumatic separation device includes the self-priming wind turbine 17 being arranged in rack 1, the air inlet and housing of self-priming wind turbine 17 It is connected between 8 tops by air passage 18,18 lower end of air passage is towards the outlet of feed hopper 2.
The feed end of first sieve plate 9 is provided with least two block brushes 19, and 19 one end of block brush is rotatably connected on the first sieve On plate 9.
Conveying device includes the conveyer belt 20 being obliquely installed obliquely and the conveying set along 20 length direction of conveyer belt Bucket 21.
Bucket 22 is interval with conveyer belt 20 along its length.
The material toggling baffle 5 forms arc structure from both sides to middle depression downward.
The housing 8 of the device for vibration screening is equipped with the observation window 23 positioned at 2 side of feed hopper.
The air outlet of the self-priming wind turbine 17 is connected with refuse collecting case 24.
Traveling wheel 25 is respectively equipped with four angles of 1 bottom of rack.
The utility model is in work in use, driving material toggling roller 4 to rotate by power set 7, and start self-priming Wind turbine 17 and vibrating motor 16, peanut to be cleaned is poured into feed hopper 2, and peanut is falling on vibration screening under feed hopper 2 During in device, material toggling roller 4 is separated peanut by material toggling baffle 5, and causes the peanut interval in feed hopper 2 Fall to property, avoid the exit of feed hopper 2 from blocking, while control the discharge quantity and blanking velocity of peanut, so as to control Breakneck acceleration, it is ensured that the normal operation of device for vibration screening, 5 edge of material toggling baffle are provided with fur layer 6, avoid material toggling baffle 5 Peanut is extruded so that peanut ruptures, and peanut is acted on down by feed hopper 2 through material toggling roller 4 drops down onto vibration screening dress During putting in housing 8, under the action of self-priming wind turbine 17, the light impurities in peanut material will be mixed in(As peanut vine, Grass blade, stone end and fine dust)Be drawn to through air passage 18 in refuse collecting case 24, peanut enter housing 8 after under drop down onto the first sieve On plate 9, the peanut tiling that the rotation of block brush 19 on the first sieve plate 9 is dropped down onto under causing on the first sieve plate 9 is come, and in the first sieve plate It is uniformly distributed on 9, improves screening efficiency and screening effect, the first sieve plate 9 vibrate under the effect of vibration of vibrating motor 16, peanut Follow the first sieve plate 9 to vibrate, big stone, rhizome etc. can be filtered out, and make to drop down onto the second sieve plate 10, big stone under peanut Block, rhizome are moved to the first impurity discharging port 13 under the effect of vibration of the first sieve plate 9 and discharged by the first impurity discharging port 13, under drop down onto Peanut on two sieve plates 10 is vibrated with the second sieve plate 10 under the action of vibrating motor 16, and the little particle impurity in peanut is from second 8 bottom of housing is dropped down onto under in the sieve aperture of sieve plate 10, the peanut filtered out is under the effect of vibration of the second sieve plate 10 to discharge gate 14 It is mobile simultaneously to be discharged by discharge gate 14, under drop down onto the little particle impurity of 8 bottom of housing and discharged by the second impurity discharging port 15, by discharge gate 14 Dropped down onto under peanut after the screening of discharge in the bucket 22 of conveying device, specified region is delivered to by conveyer belt 20, it is defeated Send the bucket 22 on device to separate the peanut filtered out, quantitative conveying is carried out, so as to improve transfer efficiency.
Limitation of the present embodiment not to works such as the shape of the utility model, material, structures in any form, every foundation Any simple modification, equivalent change and modification that the technical essence of the utility model makees above example, belongs to this reality With the protection domain of new technique scheme.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of groundnut cleaner, including rack, upper rack is equipped with feed hopper, it is characterised in that:Rack be equipped be located at into The pneumatic separation device of hopper side, central rack are equipped with the device for vibration screening below feed hopper, and device for vibration screening is in close Structure is closed, the lower end of feed hopper is connected with the import of device for vibration screening, top and the pneumatic separation device phase of device for vibration screening Connection, rack are equipped with the conveying device positioned at device for vibration screening exit, and the exit of feed hopper is equipped with cutting agency, under Material mechanism includes the material toggling roller being rotatably connected on feed hopper, and material toggling outer surface of cylinder is arranged at intervals with along its circumferencial direction and dials Expect baffle, each material toggling baffle outer is provided with fur layer, and bottom of the frame is equipped with the power set for being used for driving material toggling roller;Shake Dynamic screening plant includes housing, and the first sieve plate and the second sieve plate, the screen-aperture of the first sieve plate are arranged at intervals with up and down in housing More than the screen-aperture of the second sieve plate, the first sieve plate and the second sieve plate both sides are connected in housing by swing rod respectively, the first sieve Spring is connected between the edge of plate and the second sieve plate, the rear end of housing is equipped with the first impurity discharging port, discharge gate and the second impurity discharging port, Housing sidepiece is provided with vibrating motor;Pneumatic separation device includes the self-priming wind turbine being arranged in rack, the inlet air of self-priming wind turbine Mouthful it is connected between case top by air passage, air passage lower end is towards the outlet of feed hopper.
2. groundnut cleaner according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The feed end of first sieve plate is provided with least Two block brushes, block brush one end are rotatably connected on the first sieve plate.
3. groundnut cleaner according to claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that:Conveying device includes being obliquely installed obliquely Conveyer belt and along conveyer belt length direction set conveying bucket.
4. groundnut cleaner according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:Sheng is interval with conveyer belt along its length Hopper.
5. groundnut cleaner according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The material toggling baffle is from both sides to centre towards recessed Fall into and form arc structure.
6. groundnut cleaner according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The housing of the device for vibration screening is equipped with position Observation window in feed hopper side.
7. groundnut cleaner according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The air outlet of the self-priming wind turbine is connected with miscellaneous Thing collecting box.
8. groundnut cleaner according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Walking is respectively equipped with four angles of bottom of the frame Wheel.
CN201721101755.6U 2017-08-31 2017-08-31 A kind of groundnut cleaner Expired - Fee Related CN207288070U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721101755.6U CN207288070U (en) 2017-08-31 2017-08-31 A kind of groundnut cleaner

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721101755.6U CN207288070U (en) 2017-08-31 2017-08-31 A kind of groundnut cleaner

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN207288070U true CN207288070U (en) 2018-05-01

Family

ID=62438105

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201721101755.6U Expired - Fee Related CN207288070U (en) 2017-08-31 2017-08-31 A kind of groundnut cleaner

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN207288070U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107321621A (en) * 2017-08-31 2017-11-07 正阳县豫丰机械有限公司 A kind of groundnut cleaner

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107321621A (en) * 2017-08-31 2017-11-07 正阳县豫丰机械有限公司 A kind of groundnut cleaner

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GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20180501

Termination date: 20210831

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee