CN108465528A - A kind of construction waste crushing device and method with dust-absorbing function - Google Patents

A kind of construction waste crushing device and method with dust-absorbing function Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108465528A
CN108465528A CN201810122324.0A CN201810122324A CN108465528A CN 108465528 A CN108465528 A CN 108465528A CN 201810122324 A CN201810122324 A CN 201810122324A CN 108465528 A CN108465528 A CN 108465528A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
case
broken
dust
building waste
sub
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Granted
Application number
CN201810122324.0A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN108465528B (en
Inventor
庄杰森
徐宏雁
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Hangzhou Yucai Foreign Language School
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Hangzhou Yucai Foreign Language School
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Publication of CN108465528A publication Critical patent/CN108465528A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/14Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within horizontal containers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/0084Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments specially adapted for disintegrating garbage, waste or sewage
    • B02C18/0092Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments specially adapted for disintegrating garbage, waste or sewage for waste water or for garbage
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/16Details
    • B02C18/24Drives
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C19/00Other disintegrating devices or methods
    • B02C19/0012Devices for disintegrating materials by collision of these materials against a breaking surface or breaking body and/or by friction between the material particles (also for grain)
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/08Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating
    • B02C23/16Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating with separator defining termination of crushing or disintegrating zone, e.g. screen denying egress of oversize material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B03SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS OR USING PNEUMATIC TABLES OR JIGS; MAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03CMAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03C3/00Separating dispersed particles from gases or vapour, e.g. air, by electrostatic effect
    • B03C3/017Combinations of electrostatic separation with other processes, not otherwise provided for
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/28Moving screens not otherwise provided for, e.g. swinging, reciprocating, rocking, tilting or wobbling screens
    • B07B1/34Moving screens not otherwise provided for, e.g. swinging, reciprocating, rocking, tilting or wobbling screens jigging or moving to-and-fro perpendicularly or approximately perpendiculary to the plane of the screen
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/42Drive mechanisms, regulating or controlling devices, or balancing devices, specially adapted for screens
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B15/00Preventing escape of dirt or fumes from the area where they are produced; Collecting or removing dirt or fumes from that area
    • B08B15/04Preventing escape of dirt or fumes from the area where they are produced; Collecting or removing dirt or fumes from that area from a small area, e.g. a tool
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/08Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating
    • B02C23/16Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating with separator defining termination of crushing or disintegrating zone, e.g. screen denying egress of oversize material
    • B02C2023/165Screen denying egress of oversize material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C2201/00Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials
    • B02C2201/06Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials for garbage, waste or sewage

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of construction waste crushing device and method with dust-absorbing function, breaker includes support baseboard, supporting rack, broken case, stands case and dust catcher, it is connected with disruption elements in broken case, the outer wall of broken case is equipped with driving motor, driving motor connects disruption elements, is respectively equipped with guide inclined plate and oscillating mechanism in broken case, guide inclined plate is located at the lower section of disruption elements, sub-material sieve plate is equipped between oscillating mechanism, sub-material sieve plate is located at the lower section of guide inclined plate;Breaking method includes the following steps:(a) batch mixing is broken;(b) sub-material is vibrated;(c) dedusting is stood;(d) it safeguards.Breaker is simple in structure in the present invention, and crushing efficiency is high, and crushing effect is good, and the building waste particle being collected into is uniform, is convenient for later use;Breaking method rational and orderly, it is easily controllable, it is automatical and efficient, hand labor intensity is reduced, the service life of equipment is extended.

Description

A kind of construction waste crushing device and method with dust-absorbing function
Technical field
The invention belongs to building engineering field more particularly to a kind of construction waste crushing devices and side with dust-absorbing function Method.
Background technology
Building waste refers to that construction, all kinds of buildings of unit in charge of construction or personal team, structures, pipe network etc. are built, spread If or remove, in reparative processes produced by dregs, spoir, rejected material, remaining mud and other wastes, it is many useless in building waste Gurry is sorted, reject or crush after, regenerated resources can be used as to re-use mostly.
Existing grinding device does not screen waste material when being crushed to building waste, and grinding mode is coarse, Causing treated, waste granules size is unsuitable, is unfavorable for subsequently using;And will produce a large amount of dust in crushing process, one Part can be adhered on grinding device inner wall, influence the service life of grinding device, and another part can distribute everywhere in discharging, Air around polluting, causes staff to suck, harm health.
Invention content
Above-mentioned technical problem present in present invention aims to solve the prior art provides a kind of with dust-absorbing function Construction waste crushing device and method, breaker is simple in structure, and crushing efficiency is high, and crushing effect is good, the building rubbish being collected into Rubbish particle is uniform, is convenient for later use, improves the utilization rate of building waste, turn waste into wealth, high financial profit;Breaking method closes Reason is orderly, easily controllable, automatical and efficient, reduces hand labor intensity, extends the service life of equipment, ensure that building rubbish The broken graininess of rubbish, to improve its utilization rate.
In order to solve the above-mentioned technical problem, the present invention adopts the following technical scheme that:
A kind of construction waste crushing device with dust-absorbing function, it is characterised in that:Including support baseboard, supporting rack, break Broken case stands case and dust catcher, stands case and broken case and is set between supporting rack, stands and be equipped with discharging between case and broken case Bucket, dust catcher are set on support baseboard, and dust catcher and broken case stand and be equipped with sweep-up pipe between case, be crushed case be equipped with into Hopper is crushed in case and is connected with disruption elements, and the outer wall for being crushed case is equipped with driving motor, and driving motor connection is crushed group Part is crushed in case and is respectively equipped with guide inclined plate and oscillating mechanism, and guide inclined plate is located at the lower section of disruption elements, and guide inclined plate is symmetrical Distribution, oscillating mechanism include T-type holder, oscillating rod, drive motor, drive block and sliding block, and one end of T-type holder is set to broken case Inner wall on, T-type holder is movably connected with one end of oscillating rod and one end of drive block, and drive motor is set on T-type holder, Drive motor connects drive block, and drive block is equipped with trundle, and oscillating rod is equipped with bar-shaped trough, and trundle is located in bar-shaped trough, Sliding block is slidably connected at the side of T-type holder, and sliding block is equipped with fixed pin, and fixed pin is located in bar-shaped trough, is equipped between sliding block Sub-material sieve plate, sub-material sieve plate are located at the lower section of guide inclined plate, and sub-material sieve plate is equipped with enclosing flange, and the bottom activity for standing case connects It is connected to baffle, stands and is connected with blend stop on the bottom surface of case, blend stop is contacted with the bottom surface of baffle;The breaker structure letter Single, crushing efficiency is high, and crushing effect is good, and the building waste particle being collected into is uniform, is convenient for later use, improves building waste Utilization rate, turn waste into wealth, high financial profit
Further, disruption elements include that drive shaft, broken flap and fixing axle, broken flap are evenly distributed on drive shaft On, driving motor connects one end of drive shaft, and death spiral is distributed between broken flap, and fixing axle is equipped with crushing teeth, Driving motor drives drive shaft turns, is crushed flap and and then rotates, obtains rotary-cut power, is crushed flap and drives fixing axle rotation, makes Crushing teeth on broken shaft obtains cutting force, the contact area for being crushed flap is big, building waste is cut by big bulk small The contact point of bulk, crushing teeth and building waste is more, and dissection is generated to its many places, to keep rubbish rapid deformation broken, Chopping range is big, and shred-ability is strong, and crushing effect is good, improves the degree of crushing of building waste.
Further, cover board is slidably connected on feed hopper, cover board covers the feed inlet of feed hopper, to prevent being crushed The dust generated in journey is blown out from feed inlet, reduces the pollution to ambient enviroment, also acts as deadening, is reduced in shattering process The noise of generation is propagated outward.
Further, sliding slot is symmetrically distributed on feed hopper, the both sides of cover board are equipped with sliding pin, and sliding pin is located in sliding slot, lid Plate is limited by sliding pin between sliding slot, and feed hopper can not be detached from, and level sliding is smooth, and switch is convenient.
Further, the inner wall for standing case is equipped with electrostatic precipitation piece, is produced during the adsorbable refuse breaking of electrostatic precipitation piece Raw dust reduces the pollution to ambient enviroment, while avoiding staff to prevent the dust from flying in rubbish uninstall process Sucking reduces health hazard.
Further, the inner wall for being crushed case is equipped with acoustical cotton layer, noise of the acoustical cotton layer to generation during refuse breaking It is partially absorbed and is consumed, to reduce the noise pollution to ambient enviroment.
Further, it stands case and is equipped with transparent windows, the setting of transparent windows sees standing case clearly convenient for staff The accumulation situation of interior rubbish, to draw off in time.
Further, it is crushed case and is equipped with maintenance door, convenient for periodically being safeguarded to the component being crushed in case, clear up sizing screen Plate surface, to keep efficient break process and screening efficiency.
A kind of breaking method of the construction waste crushing device with dust-absorbing function, it is characterised in that include the following steps:
(a) batch mixing is broken:Building waste is poured into from feed hopper in broken case, driving motor is opened, driving motor drives Drive shaft turns, drive shaft, which drives, is crushed flap rotation, is crushed flap and obtains rotary-cut power, is cut to building waste, simultaneously Broken flap drives fixing axle rotation, and the crushing teeth on broken shaft obtains rotary-cut power, to pouring the building rubbish between broken flap Rubbish is shredded, and the building waste after chopping is hit back and forth in broken case, and constantly by impact damage, building waste is by bulk Become broken shape, through being arranged under guide inclined plate;
(b) sub-material is vibrated:The building waste of broken shape is fallen on sub-material sieve plate, and drive motor is opened, and drives drive block rotation, Drive block drives oscillating rod to swing by trundle, and oscillating rod is slidably reciprocated in T-type holder up and down by fixed pin band movable slider Side, sliding block drives sub-material sieve plate to move back and forth up and down, constantly vibrated to falling the building waste on sub-material sieve plate, will The building waste being adhered to each other shakes scattered, and the building waste for meeting the sieve pore specification of sub-material sieve plate directly falls, and is arranged through discharge bucket Enter to stand in case;
(c) dedusting is stood:It is 15~20min that building waste, which is controlled, standing the residence time in case, and building waste is quiet It sets in case and is stood, dust is staticly settled in the bottom for standing case, is then turned on dust catcher, will be in shattering process in broken case It the dust of generation and standing the dust stood in case and is sucked in dust catcher by sweep-up pipe, the run time of dust catcher is 5~ Then 10min is turned out blend stop, disengage it from the bottom surface of baffle, and baffle is freely opened downwards, and building waste is drawn off;
(d) it safeguards:After unsnatching building waste, maintenance door is opened, first the building waste being adhered on disruption elements is chosen and is fallen, Then the unified taking-up of building waste that sub-material sieve plate will be trapped in, is mixed into next group building waste and is handled again.
Further, it in step (a) in shattering process, is tapped every 10~15min and is crushed box outer wall 5~8 times, will adhered to Dust, the bat of building waste particle on broken chamber interior wall are fallen, and are absorbed convenient for dust catcher, are improved the rate of recovery of building waste, no Influence the progress for being crushed work.
The present invention is by adopting the above-described technical solution, have the advantages that:
Building waste is poured into from feed hopper in broken case, in broken case, driving motor drives drive shaft turns, is crushed Flap and then rotates, and obtains rotary-cut power, is crushed flap and drives fixing axle rotation so that the crushing teeth on broken shaft is cut Power, the contact area for being crushed flap is big, and building waste is cut into small bulk, contact of the crushing teeth with building waste by big bulk Point is more, and dissection is generated to its many places, and to keep rubbish rapid deformation broken, the building waste after chopping comes in broken case It returns and hits, structure is more prone to be chopped by impact damage, and the building waste after chopping is taken advantage of a situation lower row through guide inclined plate, is fallen On sub-material sieve plate;Drive motor drives drive block rotation, drive block to drive oscillating rod to swing back and forth by trundle, sliding block limit Position is connected on T-type holder, realizes that the band movable slider that swings back and forth of oscillating rod slidably reciprocates up and down, sub-material sieve plate is followed on sliding block Lower slider vibrates the building waste fallen on, on the one hand shakes the building waste being adhered to each other and dissipates, on the other hand So that sub-material sieve plate and building waste making contact, sieve conducive to by building waste, improve screening efficiency, reducing the later stage builds The processing intensity of building refuse, the building waste particle being collected into is uniform, is convenient for later use, and the building waste after screening is through discharging Bucket is discharged into stand in case and be stood.
It is equipped with sweep-up pipe between dust catcher and broken case, standing case, broken case and the dust for standing generation in case pass through Sweep-up pipe is inhaled into dust catcher, is reduced dust and is adhered on device feature, reduces the influence to device feature service life, will The dust generated in shattering process removes in advance, environmentally protective to avoid pollution of the dust to air after building waste discharge, It avoids staff from sucking dust in charging and discharging and endangers health, play a protective role;Stand activity on the bottom surface of case It is connected with blend stop, blend stop is contacted with the bottom surface of baffle, and blend stop limitation baffle is freely rotated, to realize that baffle will stand bottom portion Discharge port be closed, be turned out blend stop, it made no longer to touch the bottom surface of baffle, baffle can be rotated down freely, stand case Bottom is opened, and is convenient for discharging.
Breaker in the present invention is simple in structure, and crushing efficiency is high, and crushing effect is good, the building waste particle being collected into Uniformly, it is convenient for later use, improves the utilization rate of building waste, turn waste into wealth, high financial profit;Broken side in the present invention Method rational and orderly, it is easily controllable, it is automatical and efficient, hand labor intensity is reduced, the service life of equipment is extended, ensure that and build The broken graininess of building refuse, to improve its utilization rate.
Description of the drawings
The invention will be further described below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings:
Fig. 1 is a kind of external structure schematic diagram of the construction waste crushing device with dust-absorbing function in the present invention;
Fig. 2 is a kind of internal structure schematic diagram of the construction waste crushing device with dust-absorbing function in the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram that driving motor is connected with disruption elements in the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram that oscillating mechanism is connected with sub-material sieve plate in the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the structural schematic diagram that T-type holder is connected with oscillating rod in the present invention.
In figure:1- support baseboards;2- supporting racks;3- is crushed case;4- stands case;5- dust catchers;6- discharge buckets;7- dust suctions Pipe;8- feed hoppers;9- cover boards;10- sliding slots;11- sliding pins;12- driving motors;13- drive shafts;14- is crushed flap;15- is fixed Axis;16- crushing teeths;17- guide inclined plates;18-T type holders;19- oscillating rods;20- drive motors;21- drive blocks;22- sliding blocks; 23- trundles;24- bar-shaped troughs;25- fixed pins;26- sub-material sieve plates;27- enclosing flanges;28- baffles;29- blend stops;30- is transparent Observation window;31- maintenance doors.
Specific implementation mode
As shown in Figures 1 to 5, it is a kind of construction waste crushing device with dust-absorbing function of the present invention, including support bottom Plate 1, broken case 3, stands case 4 and dust catcher 5 at supporting rack 2, stands case 4 and broken case 3 and is set between supporting rack 2, stands case Discharge bucket 6 is equipped between 4 and broken case 3, dust catcher 5 is set on support baseboard 1, between dust catcher 5 and broken case 3, standing case 4 It is equipped with sweep-up pipe 7, broken case 3 is inhaled by sweep-up pipe 7 in dust catcher 5 with the dust generated in case 4 is stood, and reduces dust It is adhered on device feature, reduces the influence to device feature service life, the dust generated in shattering process is removed in advance, It is environmentally protective to avoid pollution of the dust to air after building waste discharge, avoid staff from inhaling in charging and discharging Enter dust and endanger health, plays a protective role.
Broken case 3 is equipped with feed hopper 8, slidably connects cover board 9 on feed hopper 8, and cover board 9 is by the feed inlet of feed hopper 8 It covers, to prevent the dust generated in shattering process from blowing out from feed inlet, reduces the pollution to ambient enviroment, also act as sound insulation Effect reduces the noise generated in shattering process and propagates outward.Sliding slot 10 is symmetrically distributed on feed hopper 8, the both sides of cover board 9 are equal Equipped with sliding pin 11, sliding pin 11 is located in sliding slot 10, and cover board 9 is limited by sliding pin 11 between sliding slot 10, and feed hopper can not be detached from 8, level sliding is smooth, and switch is convenient.
Disruption elements are connected in broken case 3, the outer wall for being crushed case 3 is equipped with driving motor 12, disruption elements packet Drive shaft 13, broken flap 14 and fixing axle 15 are included, broken flap 14 is evenly distributed in drive shaft 13, and driving motor 12 connects One end of drive shaft 13, for fixing axle 15 around being distributed between broken flap 14, fixing axle 15 is equipped with crushing teeth 16, driving electricity Machine 12 drives drive shaft 13 to rotate, and is crushed flap 14 and and then rotates, obtains rotary-cut power, is crushed flap 14 and drives 15 turns of fixing axle It is dynamic so that the crushing teeth 16 on broken shaft obtains cutting force, and the contact area for being crushed flap 14 is big, by building waste by big blocky Frustillatum is cut, crushing teeth 16 and the contact point of building waste are more, dissection are generated to its many places, to keep rubbish quick Deformation is broken, and chopping range is big, and shred-ability is strong, and crushing effect is good, improves the degree of crushing of building waste.
It is respectively equipped with guide inclined plate 17 and oscillating mechanism in broken case 3, guide inclined plate 17 is located at the lower section of disruption elements, leads Expect that inclined plate 17 is symmetrical, oscillating mechanism includes T-type holder 18, oscillating rod 19, drive motor 20, drive block 21 and sliding block 22, T One end of type holder 18 is set on the inner wall of broken case 3, and T-type holder 18 is movably connected with one end and the drive block of oscillating rod 19 21 one end, drive motor 20 are set on T-type holder 18, and drive motor 20 connects drive block 21, and drive block 21 is equipped with transmission Pin 23, oscillating rod 19 are equipped with bar-shaped trough 24, and trundle 23 is located in bar-shaped trough 24, and sliding block 22 is slidably connected at T-type holder 18 Side, sliding block 22 is equipped with fixed pin 25, and fixed pin 25 is located in bar-shaped trough 24, equipped with sub-material sieve plate 26 between sliding block 22, Drive motor 20 drives drive block 21 to rotate, and drive block 21 drives oscillating rod 19 to swing back and forth by trundle 23, and sliding block 22 limits Position be connected on T-type holder 18, realize oscillating rod 19 swing back and forth band about 22 movable slider slidably reciprocate, sub-material sieve plate 26 with It sliding block 22 to slide up and down, the building waste fallen on is vibrated, on the one hand shake the building waste being adhered to each other It dissipates, on the other hand so that sub-material sieve plate 26 and building waste making contact, are sieved conducive to by building waste, improves screening effect Rate reduces the processing intensity of later stage building waste, and the building waste particle being collected into is uniform, is convenient for later use.Sizing screen Plate 26 is located at the lower section of guide inclined plate 17, and guide inclined plate 17 plays blocking, cushioning effect, slows down the lower terminal-velocity of building waste Degree avoids the building waste after chopping from directly falling on sub-material sieve plate 26, weakens building waste to the pressure of sub-material sieve plate 26, subtracts The screening pressure of light sub-material sieve plate 26.Sub-material sieve plate 26 is equipped with enclosing flange 27, and enclosing flange 27 plays the role of avris enclosing, Sub-material sieve plate 26 is enclosed, concentration screening is carried out conducive to the building waste of broken shape.Building waste after screening is through discharging Bucket 6 be discharged into stand case 4 in, stand case 4 play the role of filtering, stand building waste, stand case 4 in dust be able to stand, It precipitates, is siphoned away dust by dust catcher 5, the dust generated in shattering process is removed in advance, to avoid building rubbish Pollution of the dust to air after rubbish discharge.
The bottom for standing case 4 is connected with baffle 28, stands and is connected with blend stop 29, blend stop 29 on the bottom surface of case 4 It is contacted with the bottom surface of baffle 28, blend stop 29 limits baffle 28 and is freely rotated, to realize that baffle 28 will stand the discharging of 4 bottom of case Mouth is closed, and is turned out blend stop 29, it is made no longer to touch the bottom surface of baffle 28, and baffle 28 can be rotated down freely, stands case 4 Bottom is opened.The inner wall for standing case 4 is equipped with electrostatic precipitation piece, is generated during the adsorbable refuse breaking of electrostatic precipitation piece Dust reduces the pollution to ambient enviroment, while staff being avoided to inhale to prevent the dust from flying in rubbish uninstall process Enter, reduces health hazard.It stands case 4 and is equipped with transparent windows 30, the setting of transparent windows 30 is seen clearly convenient for staff The accumulation situation for standing rubbish in case 4, to draw off in time.
The inner wall of broken case 3 is equipped with acoustical cotton layer, noise carry out portion of the acoustical cotton layer to generation during refuse breaking Divide and absorbs and consume, the noise pollution to reduction to ambient enviroment.Broken case 3 is equipped with maintenance door 31, convenient for periodically to broken Component in broken case 3 is safeguarded, 26 surface of sub-material sieve plate is cleared up, to keep efficient break process and screening efficiency.
A kind of breaking method of the construction waste crushing device with dust-absorbing function, includes the following steps:
(a) batch mixing is broken:Building waste is poured into from feed hopper 8 in broken case 3, cover board 9 is closed, plays dust-break, sound insulation Effect, open driving motor 12, driving motor 12 drive drive shaft 13 rotate, drive shaft 13 drive be crushed flap 14 rotate, Broken flap 14 obtains rotary-cut power, is cut to building waste, while broken flap 14 drives fixing axle 15 to rotate, broken shaft On crushing teeth 16 obtain rotary-cut power, shredded to pouring the building waste between broken flap 14, the building rubbish after chopping Rubbish is hit back and forth in broken case 3, and constantly by impact damage, building waste becomes broken shape by bulk, through under guide inclined plate 17 Row carries out multi-faceted chopping to the building waste to come in every shape, and shredding efficiency is high, and chopping result is good;
(b) sub-material is vibrated:The building waste of broken shape is fallen on sub-material sieve plate 26, and drive motor 20 is opened, and drives drive block 21 rotations, drive block 21 drive oscillating rod 19 to swing by trundle 23, and oscillating rod 19 is by fixed pin 25 on movable slider 22 Under slidably reciprocate in the side of T-type holder 18, sliding block 22 drives about 26 sub-material sieve plate to move back and forth, constantly to falling in sizing screen Building waste on plate 26 is vibrated, and the building waste being adhered to each other is shaken scattered, and the sieve pore specification of sub-material sieve plate 26 is met Building waste directly fall, through discharge bucket 6 be discharged into stand case 4 in.
(c) dedusting is stood:It is 15~20min that building waste, which is controlled, standing the residence time in case 4, and building waste is quiet It sets in case 4 and is stood, dust is staticly settled in the bottom for standing case 4, is rationally controlled the residence time, both can guarantee that dust was quiet It sets, precipitate completely, and do not influence working hour.It is then turned on dust catcher 5, by the dust generated in shattering process in broken case 3 and quiet It sets the dust stood in case 4 to suck in dust catcher 5 by sweep-up pipe 7, the run time of dust catcher 5 is 5~10min, ensures powder Dirt absorbs completely, and discharge in time, and reduction is follow-up to clear up difficulty.Then it is turned out blend stop 29, disengages it from the bottom of baffle 28 Face, baffle 28 are freely opened downwards, draw off building waste, and building waste is taken advantage of a situation discharge under the effect of gravity, laborsaving convenient.
(d) it safeguards:After unsnatching building waste, maintenance door 31 is opened, first chooses the building waste being adhered on disruption elements It falls, building waste is avoided to be adhered on disruption elements, and influence the operation of disruption elements, the phenomenon that card machine or reduction of speed occur, prolong Its service life is grown.Then the unified taking-up of building waste that sub-material sieve plate 26 will be trapped in, prevents from being trapped in sub-material sieve plate 26 On building waste it is cumulative and influence screening effect, be mixed into next group building waste and handled again, is crushed repeatedly, Building waste is chopped into available granular size, is convenient for later use.
Building waste is poured into from feed hopper 8 in broken case 3, in broken case 3, driving motor 12 drives 13 turns of drive shaft It is dynamic, it is crushed flap 14 and and then rotates, obtain rotary-cut power, be crushed flap 14 and fixing axle 15 is driven to rotate so that is on broken shaft broken Broken tooth 16 obtains cutting force, and the contact area for being crushed flap 14 is big, and building waste is cut into small bulk, crushing teeth by big bulk 16 is more with the contact point of building waste, and dissection is generated to its many places, to keep rubbish rapid deformation broken, building after chopping Building refuse is hit back and forth in broken case 3, and structure is more prone to be chopped by impact damage, the building waste warp after chopping Guide inclined plate 17 is taken advantage of a situation lower row, is fallen on sub-material sieve plate 26;Drive motor 20 drives drive block 21 to rotate, and drive block 21 passes through biography Dynamic pin 23 drives oscillating rod 19 to swing back and forth, and the limit of sliding block 22 is connected on T-type holder 18, realizes swinging back and forth for oscillating rod 19 About 22 movable slider of band slidably reciprocates, and sub-material sieve plate 26 follows sliding block 22 to slide up and down, and is carried out to the building waste fallen on On the one hand the building waste being adhered to each other is shaken and is dissipated by oscillation, on the other hand so that sub-material sieve plate 26 connects with building waste collision It touches, is sieved conducive to by building waste, improve screening efficiency, reduce the processing intensity of later stage building waste, what is be collected into builds Building refuse particle is uniform, is convenient for later use, and the building waste after screening is discharged into stand in case 4 through discharge bucket 6 and be stood.
It is equipped with sweep-up pipe 7 between dust catcher 5 and broken case 3, standing case 4, be crushed case 3 and stands the powder of generation in case 4 Dirt is inhaled by sweep-up pipe 7 in dust catcher 5, is reduced dust and is adhered on device feature, reduces to device feature service life Influence, the dust generated in shattering process is removed in advance, to avoid building waste be discharged after pollution of the dust to air, It is environmentally protective, it avoids staff from sucking dust in charging and discharging and endangers health, play a protective role;Stand case 4 Blend stop 29 is connected on bottom surface, blend stop 29 is contacted with the bottom surface of baffle 28, and blend stop 29 limits baffle 28 and is freely rotated, to It realizes that the discharge port for standing 4 bottom of case is closed by baffle 28, is turned out blend stop 29, it is made no longer to touch the bottom surface of baffle 28, Baffle 28 can be rotated down freely, and the bottom for standing case 4 is opened, and be convenient for discharging.
Breaker in the present invention is simple in structure, and crushing efficiency is high, and crushing effect is good, the building waste particle being collected into Uniformly, it is convenient for later use, improves the utilization rate of building waste, turn waste into wealth, high financial profit;Broken side in the present invention Method rational and orderly, it is easily controllable, it is automatical and efficient, hand labor intensity is reduced, the service life of equipment is extended, ensure that and build The broken graininess of building refuse, to improve its utilization rate.
It these are only specific embodiments of the present invention, but the technical characteristic of the present invention is not limited thereto.It is any with this hair Based on bright, to solve essentially identical technical problem, essentially identical technique effect is realized, made simple change, etc. With replacement or modification etc., all it is covered by among protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of construction waste crushing device with dust-absorbing function, it is characterised in that:Including support baseboard, supporting rack, it is crushed Case stands case and dust catcher, the standings case and the broken case between support frame as described above, the standing case with it is described Discharge bucket is equipped between broken case, the dust catcher is set on the support baseboard, the dust catcher and the broken case, described Sweep-up pipe is equipped between standing case, the broken case is equipped with feed hopper, disruption elements is connected in the broken case, The outer wall of the broken case is equipped with driving motor, and the driving motor connects the disruption elements, and the broken case is interior respectively Equipped with guide inclined plate and oscillating mechanism, the guide inclined plate is located at the lower section of the disruption elements, and the guide inclined plate symmetrically divides Cloth, the oscillating mechanism include T-type holder, oscillating rod, drive motor, drive block and sliding block, and one end of the T-type holder is set to On the inner wall of the broken case, the T-type holder is movably connected with one end of one end and the drive block of the oscillating rod, The drive motor is set on the T-type holder, and the drive motor connects the drive block, and the drive block is equipped with transmission Pin, the oscillating rod are equipped with bar-shaped trough, and the trundle is located in the bar-shaped trough, and the sliding block is slidably connected at the T The side of type holder, the sliding block are equipped with fixed pin, and the fixed pin is located in the bar-shaped trough, is equipped between the sliding block Sub-material sieve plate, the sub-material sieve plate are located at the lower section of the guide inclined plate, and the sub-material sieve plate is equipped with enclosing flange, described quiet The bottom for setting case is connected with baffle, and blend stop, the blend stop and the baffle are connected on the bottom surface for standing case Bottom surface contact.
2. a kind of construction waste crushing device with dust-absorbing function according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is described broken Broken component includes that drive shaft, broken flap and fixing axle, the broken flap are evenly distributed in the drive shaft, the driving Motor connects one end of the drive shaft, and the death spiral is distributed between the broken flap, is set in the fixing axle There is crushing teeth.
3. a kind of construction waste crushing device with dust-absorbing function according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is described into Cover board is slidably connected on hopper.
4. a kind of construction waste crushing device with dust-absorbing function according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:It is described into Sliding slot is symmetrically distributed on hopper, the both sides of the cover board are equipped with sliding pin, and the sliding pin is located in the sliding slot.
5. a kind of construction waste crushing device with dust-absorbing function according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is described quiet The inner wall for setting case is equipped with electrostatic precipitation piece.
6. a kind of construction waste crushing device with dust-absorbing function according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is described broken The inner wall of broken case is equipped with acoustical cotton layer.
7. a kind of construction waste crushing device with dust-absorbing function according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is described quiet It sets case and is equipped with transparent windows.
8. a kind of construction waste crushing device with dust-absorbing function according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is described broken Broken case is equipped with maintenance door.
9. special using a kind of breaking method of the construction waste crushing device with dust-absorbing function as described in claim 1 Sign is to include the following steps:
(a) batch mixing is broken:Building waste is poured into from feed hopper in broken case, driving motor is opened, driving motor drives driving Shaft rotation is dynamic, and drive shaft, which drives, is crushed flap rotation, is crushed flap and obtains rotary-cut power, cut to building waste, is crushed simultaneously Flap drives fixing axle rotation, and the crushing teeth on broken shaft obtains rotary-cut power, to pour the building waste between broken flap into Row chopping, the building waste after chopping are hit back and forth in broken case, and constantly by impact damage, building waste is become by bulk Broken shape, through being arranged under guide inclined plate;
(b) sub-material is vibrated:The building waste of broken shape is fallen on sub-material sieve plate, and drive motor is opened, and drives drive block rotation, transmission Block drives oscillating rod to swing by trundle, and oscillating rod is slidably reciprocated the one of T-type holder by fixed pin with movable slider up and down Side, sliding block drive sub-material sieve plate to move back and forth up and down, constantly vibrate, will adhere to falling the building waste on sub-material sieve plate Building waste together shakes scattered, and the building waste for meeting the sieve pore specification of sub-material sieve plate directly falls, and is discharged into through discharge bucket quiet It sets in case;
(c) dedusting is stood:It is 15~20min that building waste, which is controlled, standing the residence time in case, and building waste is standing case It is inside stood, dust is staticly settled in the bottom for standing case, is then turned on dust catcher, will be generated in shattering process in broken case Dust and stand the dust stood in case and sucked in dust catcher by sweep-up pipe, the run time of dust catcher is 5~10min, Then it is turned out blend stop, disengages it from the bottom surface of baffle, baffle is freely opened downwards, and building waste is drawn off;
(d) it safeguards:After unsnatching building waste, maintenance door is opened, first the building waste being adhered on disruption elements is chosen and is fallen, then The unified taking-up of building waste that sub-material sieve plate will be trapped in, is mixed into next group building waste and is handled again.
10. a kind of breaking method of construction waste crushing device with dust-absorbing function according to claim 9, feature It is:In step (a) in shattering process, is tapped every 10~15min and be crushed box outer wall 5~8 times.
CN201810122324.0A 2018-02-07 2018-02-07 Construction waste crushing device and method with dust collection function Active CN108465528B (en)

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