CN108381132B - Automatic nut feeding and locking mechanism - Google Patents

Automatic nut feeding and locking mechanism Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108381132B
CN108381132B CN201810036542.2A CN201810036542A CN108381132B CN 108381132 B CN108381132 B CN 108381132B CN 201810036542 A CN201810036542 A CN 201810036542A CN 108381132 B CN108381132 B CN 108381132B
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China
Prior art keywords
nut
sleeve
positioning
feeding
cylinder
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CN201810036542.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN108381132A (en
Inventor
张乐贡
沈强
徐苑
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Shandong Daidailiang Intelligent Control Technology Co ltd
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Shandong Daidailiang Intelligent Control Technology Co ltd
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Priority to CN201810036542.2A priority Critical patent/CN108381132B/en
Publication of CN108381132A publication Critical patent/CN108381132A/en
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Publication of CN108381132B publication Critical patent/CN108381132B/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P19/00Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes
    • B23P19/001Article feeders for assembling machines
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P19/00Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes
    • B23P19/001Article feeders for assembling machines
    • B23P19/004Feeding the articles from hoppers to machines or dispensers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P19/00Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes
    • B23P19/001Article feeders for assembling machines
    • B23P19/006Holding or positioning the article in front of the applying tool
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P19/00Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes
    • B23P19/001Article feeders for assembling machines
    • B23P19/007Picking-up and placing mechanisms
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P19/00Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes
    • B23P19/04Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes for assembling or disassembling parts
    • B23P19/06Screw or nut setting or loosening machines

Abstract

The invention discloses an automatic nut feeding and wire locking mechanism, which belongs to the field of clamp assembly and structurally comprises an automatic nut feeding mechanism, a clamp positioning and clamping mechanism, a bolt positioning mechanism and an automatic wire locking mechanism, wherein the clamp positioning and clamping mechanism and the automatic wire locking mechanism are respectively arranged along a clamp symmetrically, the bolt positioning mechanism and the clamp positioning and clamping mechanism are respectively arranged on a positioning bracket, the bolt positioning mechanism is arranged on the upper part of the positioning bracket, the two clamp positioning and clamping mechanisms are symmetrically arranged on the left side and the right side of the lower part of the positioning bracket, the automatic nut feeding mechanism and the automatic wire locking mechanism are respectively arranged on the feeding bracket, and the positioning bracket is arranged on the upper part of the feeding bracket. The nut automatic feeding and wire locking mechanism has the characteristics of replacing manual operation, realizing automatic assembly of the fire-fighting pipe fitting clamp, improving the working efficiency, reducing the labor intensity of manpower and the like.

Description

Automatic nut feeding and locking mechanism
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of clamp assembly, in particular to an automatic nut feeding and locking mechanism.
Background
At present, the assembly of the fire-fighting pipe fitting clamp is mainly assembled by manpower, the working efficiency is low, and the manual labor intensity is high.
Disclosure of Invention
The technical task of the invention is to provide the nut automatic feeding and locking mechanism aiming at the defects in the prior art, and the nut automatic feeding and locking mechanism has the characteristics of replacing manual operation, realizing automatic assembly of fire-fighting pipe clamps, improving the working efficiency and reducing the manual labor intensity.
The technical scheme adopted for solving the technical problems is as follows: the automatic nut feeding mechanism comprises a nut automatic feeding mechanism, a clamp positioning and clamping mechanism, a bolt positioning mechanism and an automatic wire locking mechanism, wherein the clamp positioning and clamping mechanism and the automatic wire locking mechanism respectively comprise two parts, the two parts are symmetrically arranged along the clamp, the bolt positioning mechanism and the clamp positioning and clamping mechanism are respectively arranged on a positioning support, the bolt positioning mechanism is arranged on the upper part of the positioning support, the two clamp positioning and clamping mechanisms are symmetrically arranged on the left side and the right side of the lower part of the positioning support, the nut automatic feeding mechanism and the automatic wire locking mechanism are respectively arranged on the feeding support, and the positioning support is arranged on the upper part of the feeding support.
The automatic nut feeding mechanism comprises a nut feeding mechanism and a nut conveying mechanism, the nut feeding mechanism comprises a vibrating disc and a feeding channel, the vibrating disc is connected with the head end of the feeding channel, the tail end of the feeding channel is connected with the nut conveying mechanism, the nut conveying mechanism comprises a nut receiving part, a nut horizontal pushing cylinder, a nut clamping jaw and a nut upper and lower cylinder, the nut receiving part is connected with the tail end of the feeding channel, the nut receiving part and the nut horizontal pushing cylinder are respectively arranged on the upper portion of a feeding support, the cylinder rod of the nut horizontal pushing cylinder is connected with the nut upper and lower cylinders, the cylinder rod of the nut upper and lower cylinders is connected with the nut clamping jaw cylinder, and the cylinder rod of the nut clamping jaw cylinder is provided with a nut clamping jaw.
The clamp positioning and clamping mechanism comprises a clamp positioning cylinder and clamping claws, wherein the clamping claws are arranged on cylinder rods of the clamp positioning cylinder, and the clamp positioning cylinder is arranged on a positioning bracket.
The clamp positioning cylinder and the positioning bracket between be provided with clamp positioning and clamping mechanism adjusting device, clamp positioning and clamping mechanism adjusting device include adjusting bracket, fastening nut, guide post, guide slider, direction spout and guide post fixing base, the lower part of adjusting bracket be fixed with clamp positioning cylinder, the rear portion of adjusting bracket is provided with the guide spout, be provided with on the positioning bracket with guide spout matched with guide slider, the upper portion of adjusting bracket be provided with the guide post, the upper portion of guide post is fixed mutually with the guide post fixing base, the guide post fixing base is fixed in on the positioning bracket, the rear side of adjusting bracket open and to have the adjustment tank, the adjustment tank in be provided with fastening nut, adjusting bracket and positioning bracket between fix mutually through fastening nut.
The bolt positioning mechanism comprises a bolt pressing cylinder, a pressing rod connecting plate and a bolt pressing rod, wherein the bolt pressing cylinder is fixed on the positioning support, the pressing rod connecting plate is arranged on the cylinder rod of the bolt pressing cylinder, and the pressing rod is respectively arranged on the left side and the right side of the lower portion of the pressing rod connecting plate.
The bolt press lever and the locating support between be provided with down the depression bar adjustment mechanism, down the depression bar adjustment mechanism including adjusting slide rail, adjusting slide block and regulation movable plate, the adjusting slide rail transversely set up on the locating support, adjusting slide block include two, cooperate with adjusting slide rail respectively, the front side of every adjusting slide block is provided with the regulation movable plate respectively, every regulation movable plate corresponds a bolt and presses down the depression bar, the bolt presses down the depression bar and passes the regulation movable plate, adjusts and fixes mutually through adjusting bolt between movable plate and the locating support, the lower part of pressing down the depression bar connecting plate be provided with the travel groove, the top of bolt press the depression bar be located the travel groove.
The automatic wire locking mechanism comprises a sleeve, a sleeve connecting frame, a sleeve rotary driving mechanism and a sleeve lifting driving mechanism, wherein the sleeve and the sleeve rotary driving mechanism are respectively arranged on the sleeve connecting frame, the sleeve is connected with the sleeve rotary driving mechanism, the sleeve connecting frame is connected with the sleeve lifting driving mechanism, and the sleeve lifting driving mechanism is connected with the feeding bracket.
The sleeve rotary driving mechanism comprises a servo motor, a motor belt pulley, a sleeve belt pulley and a synchronous belt, wherein the motor belt pulley is arranged on a motor shaft of the servo motor, the sleeve belt pulley is arranged at the lower part of the sleeve, the motor belt pulley is connected with the sleeve belt pulley through the synchronous belt, the servo motor is fixed on a sleeve connecting frame, and the bottom of the sleeve is positioned on the sleeve connecting frame.
The sleeve lifting driving mechanism comprises a sleeve lifting cylinder, a sleeve lifting sliding block, a sleeve lifting sliding rail and a sleeve lifting sliding rail connecting plate, a cylinder rod of the sleeve lifting cylinder is connected with the lower portion of the sleeve connecting frame, the sleeve lifting sliding block is arranged on the rear side of the sleeve connecting frame, the sleeve lifting sliding block is matched with the sleeve lifting sliding rail, the sleeve lifting sliding rail is arranged on the sleeve lifting sliding rail connecting plate, and the sleeve lifting sliding rail connecting plate is connected with the feeding bracket.
The automatic feeding device is characterized in that a sleeve translation driving mechanism is arranged between the sleeve lifting driving mechanism and the feeding support, the sleeve translation driving mechanism comprises a hand wheel, a screw rod, a screw nut, a translation sliding block and a translation sliding rail, the translation sliding rail is transversely arranged on the feeding support, the translation sliding block is matched with the translation sliding rail, the translation sliding block is arranged at the rear part of the sleeve lifting sliding rail connecting plate, the screw nut is further fixed at the rear part of the sleeve lifting sliding rail connecting plate, the screw nut is matched with the screw rod, the screw rod is arranged on the feeding support through a fixing seat, and the hand wheel is arranged at the end part of the screw rod.
The translational sliding blocks and the translational sliding rails respectively comprise two translational sliding blocks and are arranged up and down, the screw nut is positioned between the two translational sliding blocks, and the screw rod is positioned between the two translational sliding rails.
The upper part of the feeding bracket is provided with a stacking and clearing mechanism.
The positioning support is provided with a lock nut station sensor, and the lock nut station sensor is positioned between the two bolt pressing rods.
Compared with the prior art, the nut automatic feeding and wire locking mechanism has the following outstanding beneficial effects: the automatic assembly of the fire-fighting pipe fitting clamp is realized instead of manual operation, the working efficiency is improved, and the manual labor intensity is reduced; the efficiency of the hoop assembly line of the automatic nut feeding and locking mechanism is 6 s/s after the hoop assembly line is assembled by the practice operator for about 12 s/s.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a working state diagram of an automatic nut feeding and locking mechanism;
FIG. 2 is a perspective view of an automatic nut feeding and locking mechanism;
FIG. 3 is a left side view of the automatic nut feeding and locking mechanism;
FIG. 4 is a top view of the automatic nut feeding and locking mechanism;
FIG. 5 is a perspective view of a nut feeding mechanism;
FIG. 6 is a perspective view of the nut automatic feeding and locking mechanism with the nut feeding mechanism removed;
FIG. 7 is a perspective view of the connection of the clamp positioning and clamping mechanism and the bolt positioning mechanism;
FIG. 8 is a second perspective view of the connection of the clamp positioning and clamping mechanism and the bolt positioning mechanism;
FIG. 9 is a third perspective view of the connection of the clamp positioning and clamping mechanism and the bolt positioning mechanism;
FIG. 10 is a perspective view of an adjustment bracket;
FIG. 11 is a second perspective view of the adjustment bracket;
FIG. 12 is a front view of the connection of the clamp positioning and clamping mechanism and the bolt positioning mechanism;
FIG. 13 is a left side view of the connection of the clamp positioning and clamping mechanism and the bolt positioning mechanism;
FIG. 14 is a perspective view of an automatic wire locking mechanism;
FIG. 15 is a second perspective view of the automatic wire locking mechanism;
FIG. 16 is a third perspective view of an automatic wire locking mechanism;
FIG. 17 is a perspective view of an automatic wire locking mechanism;
FIG. 18 is a right side view of the automatic wire locking mechanism;
reference numerals illustrate:
1. the nut automatic feeding mechanism, 11, the nut feeding mechanism, 111, the vibration disk, 112, the feeding channel, 12, the nut conveying mechanism, 121, the nut receiving piece, 122, the nut horizontal pushing cylinder, 123, the nut clamping jaw cylinder, 124, the nut clamping jaw, 125, the nut up-down cylinder,
2. the clamping mechanism comprises a clamping locating and clamping mechanism 21, a clamping locating cylinder 22, clamping claws 23, a clamping locating and clamping mechanism adjusting device 231, an adjusting bracket 232, a fastening nut 233, a guide post 234, a guide slide block 235, a guide slide groove 236, a guide post fixing seat 237 and an adjusting groove,
3. the bolt positioning mechanism 31, the bolt pressing cylinder 32, the lower pressure rod connecting plate 321, the moving groove 33, the bolt pressing rod 34, the lower pressure rod adjusting mechanism 341, the adjusting slide rail 342, the adjusting slide block 343, the adjusting moving plate 344 and the adjusting bolt,
4. the automatic wire locking mechanism, 41, the sleeve, 42, the sleeve connecting frame, 43, the sleeve rotary driving mechanism, 431, the servo motor, 432, the motor belt pulley, 433, the sleeve belt pulley, 434, the synchronous belt, 44, the sleeve lifting driving mechanism, 441, the sleeve lifting cylinder, 442, the sleeve lifting sliding block, 443, the sleeve lifting sliding rail, 444, the sleeve lifting sliding rail connecting plate, 45, the sleeve translation driving mechanism, 451, the hand wheel, 452, the screw rod, 453, the screw nut, 454, the translation sliding block, 455, the translation sliding rail,
5. the device comprises a clamp, a positioning bracket, a feeding bracket, a stacking clearing mechanism, a lock nut station sensor, a plate chain line and a plate chain line.
Detailed Description
The nut automatic feeding and locking mechanism of the present invention will be described in detail below with reference to fig. 1 to 18 of the accompanying drawings.
The nut automatic feeding and wire locking mechanism comprises a nut automatic feeding mechanism 1, a clamp positioning and clamping mechanism 2, a bolt positioning mechanism 3 and an automatic wire locking mechanism 4, wherein the clamp positioning and clamping mechanism 2 and the automatic wire locking mechanism respectively comprise two parts, the two parts are symmetrically arranged along a clamp 5, the bolt positioning mechanism 3 and the clamp positioning and clamping mechanism 2 are respectively arranged on a positioning bracket 6, the bolt positioning mechanism 3 is arranged on the upper part of the positioning bracket 6, the two clamp positioning and clamping mechanisms 2 are symmetrically arranged on the left side and the right side of the lower part of the positioning bracket 6, the nut automatic feeding mechanism 1 and the automatic wire locking mechanism 4 are respectively arranged on a feeding bracket 7, and the positioning bracket 6 is arranged on the upper part of the feeding bracket 7.
The nut automatic feeding mechanism 1 comprises a nut feeding mechanism 11 and a nut conveying mechanism 12, the nut feeding mechanism 11 comprises a vibration disc 111 and a feeding channel 112, the vibration disc 111 is connected with the head end of the feeding channel 112, the tail end of the feeding channel 112 is connected with the nut conveying mechanism 12, the nut conveying mechanism 12 comprises a nut receiving piece 121, a nut horizontal pushing cylinder 122, a nut clamping jaw cylinder 123, a nut clamping jaw 124 and a nut up-down cylinder 125, the nut receiving piece 121 is connected with the tail end of the feeding channel 112, the nut receiving piece 121 and the nut horizontal pushing cylinder 122 are respectively arranged on the upper portion of the feeding support 7, the cylinder rod of the nut horizontal pushing cylinder 122 is connected with the nut up-down cylinder 125, the cylinder rod of the nut up-down cylinder 125 is connected with the nut clamping jaw cylinder 123, and the nut clamping jaw 124 is arranged on the cylinder rod of the nut cylinder 123.
The nut is fed through the vibration disc 111, is conveyed to the nut receiving part 121 at the nut taking position through the feeding channel 112, is stable in feeding and high in feeding speed, and realizes automatic conveying of the nut through the combined action of the nut horizontal pushing cylinder 122, the nut clamping jaw cylinder 123 and the nut up-down cylinder 125, and the nut is sequentially placed in the sleeve of the automatic wire locking mechanism 4.
The clamp positioning and clamping mechanism 2 comprises a clamp positioning cylinder 21 and a clamping claw 22, wherein the clamping claw 22 is arranged on a cylinder rod of the clamp positioning cylinder 21, and the clamp positioning cylinder 21 is arranged on the positioning bracket 6.
The clamp positioning cylinder 21 and the positioning bracket 6 between be provided with clamp positioning and clamping mechanism adjusting device 23, clamp positioning and clamping mechanism adjusting device 23 include adjusting bracket 231, fastening nut 232, guide post 233, guide slider 234, guide chute 235 and guide post fixing base 236, the lower part of adjusting bracket 231 be fixed with clamp positioning cylinder 21, the rear portion of adjusting bracket 231 is provided with guide chute 235, be provided with on the positioning bracket 6 with guide chute 235 matched with guide slider 234, the upper portion of adjusting bracket 231 be provided with guide post 233, the upper portion of guide post 233 is fixed with guide post fixing base 236, guide post fixing base 236 is fixed in on the positioning bracket 6, the rear side of adjusting bracket 231 open and have adjustment groove 237, adjustment groove 237 in be provided with fastening nut 232, adjusting bracket 231 and positioning bracket 6 between fixed through fastening nut 232.
When the specifications of the clamps are different, the upper and lower positions of the clamp positioning cylinder 21 on the positioning bracket 6 are adjusted through the clamp positioning and clamping mechanism adjusting device 23, so that the clamp positioning device is suitable for positioning the clamps with different specifications.
When the clamp positioning and clamping mechanism adjusting device 23 is adjusted, the fastening nut 232 between the adjusting bracket 231 and the positioning bracket 6 is loosened, so that the adjusting bracket 231 moves upwards or downwards, the guide sliding groove 235 at the rear part of the adjusting bracket 231 moves up and down along the guide sliding block 234 to play a guiding role, and after the adjusting clamp positioning and clamping mechanism adjusting device is adjusted to a proper position, the fastening nut 232 in the adjusting groove 237 is screwed down, so that the adjusting bracket 231 is fixed on the positioning bracket 6.
The clamping claw 22 on the clamp positioning cylinder 21 is propped against the clamp through the extension of the cylinder rod of the clamp positioning cylinder 21, so that the clamp is positioned.
The bolt positioning mechanism 3 comprises a bolt pressing cylinder 31, a pressing rod connecting plate 32 and a bolt pressing rod 33, wherein the bolt pressing cylinder 31 is fixed on the positioning bracket 6, the pressing rod connecting plate 32 is arranged on the cylinder rod of the bolt pressing cylinder 31, and the pressing rods 33 are respectively arranged on the left side and the right side of the lower part of the pressing rod connecting plate 32.
The bolt depression bar 33 and the locating support 6 between be provided with depression bar adjustment mechanism 34, depression bar adjustment mechanism 34 include adjust slide rail 341, adjust slider 342 and adjust movable plate 343, adjust slide rail 341 transversely set up on locating support 6, adjust slider 342 include two, cooperate with adjust slide rail 341 respectively, the front side of every adjust slider 342 is provided with the adjust movable plate 343 respectively, every adjust movable plate 343 corresponds a bolt depression bar 33, bolt depression bar 33 passes adjust movable plate 343 to can follow adjust movable plate 343 and reciprocate, adjust movable plate 343 plays the guide effect, adjust movable plate 343 and locating support 6 between be fixed through adjusting bolt 344, the lower part of depression bar connecting plate 32 be provided with the travel groove 321, the top of bolt depression bar 33 be located the travel groove 321.
When the specifications of the clamps are different, the left and right positions of the pressing rods 33 of the bolts 344 are adjusted through the pressing rod adjusting mechanism 34, so that the positioning of the clamps with different specifications is adapted.
When the lower pressure lever adjusting mechanism 34 is adjusted, the adjusting bolt 344 between the adjusting moving plate 343 and the positioning bracket 6 is loosened, the adjusting moving plate 343 can move left and right along the adjusting slide rail 341 through the adjusting slide block 342, so as to drive the bolt lower pressure lever 33 on the adjusting moving plate 343 to move left and right, the top of the bolt lower pressure lever 33 moves along the moving groove 321 on the lower pressure lever connecting plate 32, and after moving to a proper position, the adjusting bolt 344 is fastened, so that the horizontal direction position of the bolt lower pressure lever 33 is fixed.
The bolt pressing rod 33 is made to prop against the bolt on the clamp through the extension of the cylinder rod of the bolt pressing cylinder 31, so that the positioning of the bolt is realized.
The automatic wire locking mechanism 4 comprises a sleeve 41, a sleeve connecting frame 42, a sleeve rotary driving mechanism 43 and a sleeve lifting driving mechanism 44, wherein the sleeve 41 and the sleeve rotary driving mechanism 43 are respectively arranged on the sleeve connecting frame 42, the sleeve 41 is connected with the sleeve rotary driving mechanism 43, the sleeve connecting frame 42 is connected with the sleeve lifting driving mechanism 44, and the sleeve lifting driving mechanism 44 is connected with the feeding bracket 7.
The sleeve rotary driving mechanism 43 comprises a servo motor 431, a motor pulley 432, a sleeve pulley 433 and a synchronous belt 434, wherein the motor pulley 432 is arranged on a motor shaft of the servo motor 431, the sleeve pulley 433 is arranged at the lower part of the sleeve 41, the motor pulley 432 is connected with the sleeve pulley 433 through the synchronous belt 434, the servo motor 431 is fixed on the sleeve connecting frame 42, and the bottom of the sleeve 41 is positioned on the sleeve connecting frame 42.
The sleeve 41 is driven to rotate by the sleeve rotation driving mechanism 43, the servo motor 431 is started, a motor pulley 432 on a motor shaft of the servo motor 431 rotates, the sleeve pulley 433 is driven to rotate by the synchronous belt 434, and the sleeve pulley 433 rotates to drive the sleeve 41 to rotate.
The sleeve lifting driving mechanism 44 comprises a sleeve lifting cylinder 441, a sleeve lifting sliding block 442, a sleeve lifting sliding rail 443 and a sleeve lifting sliding rail connecting plate 444, a cylinder rod of the sleeve lifting cylinder 441 is connected with the lower portion of the sleeve connecting frame 42, the sleeve lifting sliding block 442 is arranged on the rear side of the sleeve connecting frame 42, the sleeve lifting sliding block 442 is matched with the sleeve lifting sliding rail 443, the sleeve lifting sliding rail 443 is arranged on the sleeve lifting sliding rail connecting plate 444, and the sleeve lifting sliding rail connecting plate 444 is connected with the feeding bracket 7.
When the sleeve 41 is lifted, the sleeve lifting driving mechanism 44 drives the sleeve lifting cylinder 441 to start, and the sleeve lifting cylinder 441 drives the sleeve connecting frame 42 to lift, so that the sleeve 41 on the upper part of the sleeve connecting frame 42 is driven to lift, and the sleeve connecting frame 42 is guided by the cooperation of the sleeve lifting sliding block 442 on the rear part and the sleeve lifting sliding rail 443.
Sleeve lift actuating mechanism 44 and material loading support 7 between be provided with sleeve translation actuating mechanism 45, sleeve translation actuating mechanism 45 include hand wheel 451, lead screw 452, nut 453, translation slider 454 and translation slide rail 455, translation slide rail 455 transversely set up on material loading support 7, translation slider 454 and translation slide rail 455 cooperate, translation slider 454 set up the rear portion at sleeve lift slide rail connecting plate 444, sleeve lift slide rail connecting plate 444's rear portion still be fixed with nut 453, nut 453 cooperates with lead screw 452, lead screw 452 set up on material loading support 7 through the fixing base, the tip of lead screw 452 is provided with hand wheel 451.
When the specifications of the clips are different, the left and right positions of the sleeve 41 are adjusted through the sleeve translation driving mechanism 45, so that the clips with different specifications are adapted.
When the sleeve 41 is adjusted by the sleeve translational driving mechanism 45, the hand wheel 451 is rotated, the screw rod 452 is simultaneously rotated, the screw 453 on the screw rod 452 is moved left and right, the sleeve lifting slide rail connecting plate 444 fixed with the screw 453 is simultaneously moved left and right, the sleeve lifting slide rail connecting plate 444 drives the sleeve 41 thereon to simultaneously move left and right, and the sleeve government office in feudal China is moved left and right while the translational slide block 454 at the rear part of the sleeve lifting slide rail connecting plate is matched with the translational slide rail 455 to move left and right, so that the guiding function is realized.
The translation sliding blocks 454 and the translation sliding rails 455 respectively comprise two, are arranged up and down, the screw 453 is arranged between the two translation sliding blocks 454, and the screw 452 is arranged between the two translation sliding rails 455.
The automatic wire locking mechanism 4 drives the sleeve 41 to rotate and lift to lock wires through the sleeve rotation driving mechanism 43 and the sleeve lifting driving mechanism 44, so that nuts can be stably loaded on bolts.
The upper part of the feeding bracket 7 is provided with a stacking and clearing mechanism 8.
The stacking and cleaning mechanism 8 comprises a blowing port, and the blowing port is connected with the ventilation device. If the locking wire is not completed due to the problem of matching of the bolts and the nuts, the nuts are reserved in the sleeve 41, and the second clamp is conveyed to feed the nuts, so that the two nuts on the sleeve 41 are overlapped, and the upper end overlapped nuts are removed by ventilation of the blowing port.
The positioning bracket 6 is provided with a lock nut station sensor 9, and the lock nut station sensor 9 is positioned between two bolt pressing rods 33.
The clamp with the bolts automatically penetrating is conveyed to a nut locking station through the plate chain line 10, the nut locking station sensor 9 on the positioning support 6 detects that the clamp is in place and then performs positioning and clamping operation on the clamp, the clamp positioning and clamping mechanism 2 and the clamp positioning cylinder 21 drive the clamping claw 22 to perform positioning and clamping on the clamp, the bolt pressing cylinder 31 of the bolt positioning mechanism 3 descends through the bolt pressing rod 33 to position the bolts, the nut clamping jaw cylinder 123 of the nut conveying mechanism 12 drives the nut clamping jaw 124 to clamp the nuts, the nuts are conveyed to the upper part of the sleeve 41 of the automatic thread locking mechanism 4 through the nut horizontal pushing cylinder 122, the nut clamping jaw 124 releases the nuts, the nuts fall into the sleeve 41, the nut upper and lower cylinders 125 ascend, the nut horizontal pushing cylinder 122 returns to the original position, and the nut upper and lower cylinders 125 descend to clamp the nuts. The automatic wire locking mechanism 4 drives the sleeve 41 to rotate and lift to lock wires through the sleeve rotation driving mechanism 43 and the sleeve lifting driving mechanism 44, and the whole mechanism cooperates to ensure that the nuts can be stably loaded on the bolts. The sleeve 41 is replaceable in size to accommodate nuts of different sizes. The clamp positioning and clamping mechanism 2, the bolt positioning mechanism 3 and the automatic wire locking mechanism 4 are all adjustable, and can be compatible with clamps of various specifications.
The automatic locking device is suitable for automatic assembly of the fire-fighting pipe fitting clamp, and can ensure stable nut feeding and reliability of a locking mechanism for automatic locking. The automatic feeding and wire locking mechanism mainly aims at the problem of unstable wire locking, and is reasonable in planning, a set of reasonable automatic nut feeding and wire locking mechanism is designed, so that the stability of wire locking is ensured, and the qualification rate is improved.
The above-mentioned embodiments are only for understanding the present invention, and are not intended to limit the technical solutions described in the present invention, and a person skilled in the relevant art may make various changes or modifications based on the technical solutions described in the claims, and all equivalent changes or modifications are intended to be included in the scope of the claims of the present invention. The present invention is not described in detail in the present application, and is well known to those skilled in the art.

Claims (7)

1. Nut automatic feeding lock silk mechanism, characterized by: the automatic nut feeding mechanism comprises a nut automatic feeding mechanism, a clamp positioning and clamping mechanism, a bolt positioning mechanism and an automatic wire locking mechanism, wherein the clamp positioning and clamping mechanism and the automatic wire locking mechanism are respectively arranged along the clamp symmetrically, the bolt positioning mechanism and the clamp positioning and clamping mechanism are respectively arranged on a positioning bracket, the bolt positioning mechanism is arranged on the upper part of the positioning bracket, the two clamp positioning and clamping mechanisms are symmetrically arranged on the left side and the right side of the lower part of the positioning bracket, the nut automatic feeding mechanism and the automatic wire locking mechanism are respectively arranged on the feeding bracket, and the positioning bracket is arranged on the upper part of the feeding bracket;
the clamp positioning and clamping mechanism comprises a clamp positioning cylinder and a clamping claw, wherein the clamping claw is arranged on a cylinder rod of the clamp positioning cylinder, and the clamp positioning cylinder is arranged on a positioning bracket;
the clamp positioning cylinder is provided with a clamp positioning and clamping mechanism adjusting device between the clamp positioning cylinder and the positioning bracket, the clamp positioning and clamping mechanism adjusting device comprises an adjusting bracket, a fastening nut, a guide post, a guide sliding block, a guide sliding groove and a guide post fixing seat, the lower part of the adjusting bracket is fixedly provided with the clamp positioning cylinder, the rear part of the adjusting bracket is provided with the guide sliding groove, the positioning bracket is provided with the guide sliding block matched with the guide sliding groove, the upper part of the adjusting bracket is provided with the guide post, the upper part of the guide post is fixed with the guide post fixing seat, the guide post fixing seat is fixed on the positioning bracket, the rear side of the adjusting bracket is provided with the adjusting groove, the fastening nut is arranged in the adjusting groove, and the adjusting bracket is fixed with the positioning bracket through the fastening nut;
the bolt positioning mechanism comprises a bolt pressing cylinder, a pressing rod connecting plate and a bolt pressing rod, wherein the bolt pressing cylinder is fixed on the positioning support, the pressing rod connecting plate is arranged on the cylinder rod of the bolt pressing cylinder, and the pressing rod is respectively arranged on the left side and the right side of the lower portion of the pressing rod connecting plate.
2. The automatic nut feeding and locking mechanism according to claim 1, wherein: the automatic nut feeding mechanism comprises a nut feeding mechanism and a nut conveying mechanism, the nut feeding mechanism comprises a vibrating disc and a feeding channel, the vibrating disc is connected with the head end of the feeding channel, the tail end of the feeding channel is connected with the nut conveying mechanism, the nut conveying mechanism comprises a nut receiving part, a nut horizontal pushing cylinder, a nut clamping jaw and a nut upper and lower cylinder, the nut receiving part is connected with the tail end of the feeding channel, the nut receiving part and the nut horizontal pushing cylinder are respectively arranged on the upper portion of a feeding support, the cylinder rod of the nut horizontal pushing cylinder is connected with the nut upper and lower cylinders, the cylinder rod of the nut upper and lower cylinders is connected with the nut clamping jaw cylinder, and the cylinder rod of the nut clamping jaw cylinder is provided with a nut clamping jaw.
3. The automatic nut feeding and locking mechanism according to claim 1, wherein: the bolt press lever and the locating support between be provided with down the depression bar adjustment mechanism, down the depression bar adjustment mechanism including adjusting slide rail, adjusting slide block and regulation movable plate, the adjusting slide rail transversely set up on the locating support, adjusting slide block include two, cooperate with adjusting slide rail respectively, the front side of every adjusting slide block is provided with the regulation movable plate respectively, every regulation movable plate corresponds a bolt and presses down the depression bar, the bolt presses down the depression bar and passes the regulation movable plate, adjusts and fixes mutually through adjusting bolt between movable plate and the locating support, the lower part of pressing down the depression bar connecting plate be provided with the travel groove, the top of bolt press the depression bar be located the travel groove.
4. The automatic nut feeding and locking mechanism according to claim 1, wherein: the automatic wire locking mechanism comprises a sleeve, a sleeve connecting frame, a sleeve rotary driving mechanism and a sleeve lifting driving mechanism, wherein the sleeve and the sleeve rotary driving mechanism are respectively arranged on the sleeve connecting frame, the sleeve is connected with the sleeve rotary driving mechanism, the sleeve connecting frame is connected with the sleeve lifting driving mechanism, and the sleeve lifting driving mechanism is connected with the feeding bracket.
5. The automatic nut feeding and locking mechanism according to claim 4, wherein: the sleeve rotary driving mechanism comprises a servo motor, a motor belt pulley, a sleeve belt pulley and a synchronous belt, wherein the motor belt pulley is arranged on a motor shaft of the servo motor, the sleeve belt pulley is arranged at the lower part of the sleeve, the motor belt pulley is connected with the sleeve belt pulley through the synchronous belt, the servo motor is fixed on a sleeve connecting frame, and the bottom of the sleeve is positioned on the sleeve connecting frame.
6. The automatic nut feeding and locking mechanism according to claim 4, wherein: the sleeve lifting driving mechanism comprises a sleeve lifting cylinder, a sleeve lifting sliding block, a sleeve lifting sliding rail and a sleeve lifting sliding rail connecting plate, a cylinder rod of the sleeve lifting cylinder is connected with the lower portion of the sleeve connecting frame, the sleeve lifting sliding block is arranged on the rear side of the sleeve connecting frame, the sleeve lifting sliding block is matched with the sleeve lifting sliding rail, the sleeve lifting sliding rail is arranged on the sleeve lifting sliding rail connecting plate, and the sleeve lifting sliding rail connecting plate is connected with the feeding bracket.
7. The automatic nut feeding and locking mechanism according to claim 4, wherein: the automatic feeding device is characterized in that a sleeve translation driving mechanism is arranged between the sleeve lifting driving mechanism and the feeding support, the sleeve translation driving mechanism comprises a hand wheel, a screw rod, a screw nut, a translation sliding block and a translation sliding rail, the translation sliding rail is transversely arranged on the feeding support, the translation sliding block is matched with the translation sliding rail, the translation sliding block is arranged at the rear part of the sleeve lifting sliding rail connecting plate, the screw nut is further fixed at the rear part of the sleeve lifting sliding rail connecting plate, the screw nut is matched with the screw rod, the screw rod is arranged on the feeding support through a fixing seat, and the hand wheel is arranged at the end part of the screw rod.
CN201810036542.2A 2018-01-15 2018-01-15 Automatic nut feeding and locking mechanism Active CN108381132B (en)

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Families Citing this family (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110202363B (en) * 2019-07-04 2024-02-13 无锡丰力弹簧有限公司 Clamp screw locking machine for water inlet and outlet pipe of washing machine
CN110961871B (en) * 2019-12-23 2021-05-04 温州市瑞泰紧固件有限公司 Nut machining process
CN113070676B (en) * 2021-04-13 2022-12-02 青岛海德锻造有限公司 Automatic nut mounting device
CN113482543A (en) * 2021-06-30 2021-10-08 保利长大海外工程有限公司 Automatic mounting equipment for suspension parts
CN114918636A (en) * 2022-05-23 2022-08-19 博众精工科技股份有限公司 Nut assembling system

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JPH09174354A (en) * 1995-12-26 1997-07-08 Nitto Seiko Co Ltd Automatic screw fastener
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CN206415859U (en) * 2016-12-15 2017-08-18 湖南中财化学建材有限公司 A kind of pipe clamp automatic lock screw device
CN107350762A (en) * 2017-05-19 2017-11-17 耐世特凌云驱动系统(芜湖)有限公司 Drive shaft pad clip clamping device
CN207982690U (en) * 2018-01-15 2018-10-19 山东代代良智能控制科技有限公司 Nut automatic charging Suo Si mechanisms

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JPH09174354A (en) * 1995-12-26 1997-07-08 Nitto Seiko Co Ltd Automatic screw fastener
CN206415859U (en) * 2016-12-15 2017-08-18 湖南中财化学建材有限公司 A kind of pipe clamp automatic lock screw device
CN106956124A (en) * 2017-04-28 2017-07-18 浙江大学台州研究院 Pipe clamp automatic assembling machine
CN107350762A (en) * 2017-05-19 2017-11-17 耐世特凌云驱动系统(芜湖)有限公司 Drive shaft pad clip clamping device
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