CN108225818B - Soil property detection and sampling device for river quay wall - Google Patents

Soil property detection and sampling device for river quay wall Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108225818B
CN108225818B CN201810003193.4A CN201810003193A CN108225818B CN 108225818 B CN108225818 B CN 108225818B CN 201810003193 A CN201810003193 A CN 201810003193A CN 108225818 B CN108225818 B CN 108225818B
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China
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sampling
fixed
transverse plate
fixing
screw shaft
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CN201810003193.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN108225818A (en
Inventor
黄欣
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Nantong Xinming Environmental Protection Technology Co., Ltd.
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Nantong Xinming Environmental Protection Technology Co Ltd
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N1/00Sampling; Preparing specimens for investigation
    • G01N1/02Devices for withdrawing samples
    • G01N1/04Devices for withdrawing samples in the solid state, e.g. by cutting
    • G01N1/08Devices for withdrawing samples in the solid state, e.g. by cutting involving an extracting tool, e.g. core bit

Abstract

The invention discloses a soil quality detection sampling device for a river quay wall, which comprises a fixed transverse plate, wherein one side of the upper end surface of the fixed transverse plate is provided with two opposite fixed upright posts, a lifting screw shaft is arranged between two fixed seats, a supporting driving block in threaded connection with the lifting screw shaft is arranged on the lifting screw shaft, a transverse sampling screw shaft is arranged on the supporting transverse plate, a connecting sleeve in threaded fit connection with the sampling screw shaft is arranged on the sampling screw shaft, the lower end of the connecting sleeve is provided with a fixed hanging rod penetrating through the supporting transverse plate, a plurality of sampling cylinder bodies which are arranged at equal intervals are arranged on the fixed hanging rod, the outer port of each sampling cylinder body is arranged in an oblique port, and a sealing cover plate in sliding connection with the outer port of each sampling cylinder body is arranged at the. The soil sampling device is simple in structure, simple and convenient to operate, stable in fixation, capable of sampling soil at different depths, convenient and fast, capable of guaranteeing structural composition integrity of the sampled soil, and high in practicability.

Description

Soil property detection and sampling device for river quay wall
Technical Field
The invention relates to a sampling device, in particular to a soil property detection sampling device for a river quay wall.
Background
In recent years, with the rapid development of the economy of China, the living standard of people is gradually improved, the water environment faces more and more serious non-point source pollution, the quality of the living environment of people is influenced, water transportation and farmland drainage and irrigation are influenced, and the method is not beneficial to agricultural production
Improvement of production conditions; influences the comprehensive utilization of water resources, restricts the development of aquaculture industry and is not beneficial to the increase of economic income. Therefore, the water environment problem becomes a hot problem of people's attention, and monitoring and investigation of the water environment also become an urgent matter. Along with the improvement of the concern of people on the water environment problem, the research on the aspect of water environment pollution is gradually deepened, and the water environment pollution generally consists of agricultural surface runoff and rural domestic sewage, including the loss of nutrient salts such as nitrogen and phosphorus in farmlands, the random stacking and discharge of domestic garbage, livestock and poultry manure, domestic sewage and breeding wastewater and the like. The discharge of the non-point source pollution is basically not regular and can not be predicted and collected easily, most of the non-point source pollution is directly discharged into local water without treatment, and certain difficulty is caused in monitoring and investigation of the water supply environment. And bed mud and the water quality sample in the river course are comparatively convenient, and soil structural component on the river course bank wall also is the important part in the detection, and the soil sample on the river course bank wall is comparatively troublesome, and the sampling cylinder body suffers the immersion of rivers easily and changes the structure of sample soil or dilutes soil, greatly influences the integrality of soil property sample.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a soil property detection and sampling device for a river bank wall, which solves the problems in the background technology.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme:
a soil quality detection sampling device for a river quay wall comprises a fixed transverse plate, wherein two opposite fixed upright posts are arranged on one side of the upper end surface of the fixed transverse plate, the upper ends and the lower ends of the two fixed upright posts are connected and fixed through fixing seats, a lifting screw shaft is arranged between the two fixing seats, the lower end of the lifting screw shaft is connected with a lifting motor arranged on the fixing seats, a supporting driving block in threaded connection with the lifting screw shaft is arranged on the lifting screw shaft, a supporting transverse plate is fixedly connected to one side of the supporting driving block, two sides of the supporting transverse plate are connected with the side surfaces of the two fixed upright posts through limiting mechanisms, a transverse sampling screw shaft is arranged on the supporting transverse plate, two ends of the sampling screw shaft are fixed on the supporting transverse plate through bearing seats, one end of the sampling screw shaft is connected with a rotating motor arranged on the bearing seats, and a connecting sleeve in, the lower end of the connecting sleeve is provided with a fixed hanging rod penetrating through the supporting transverse plate, the fixed hanging rod is provided with a plurality of sampling cylinder bodies arranged at equal intervals, the outer port of each sampling cylinder body is arranged at an oblique port, the outer port of each sampling cylinder body is provided with a cover plate in sliding connection with the sampling cylinder body, the top end of each cover plate is provided with a rotating plate hinged with the cover plate, the outer side of each rotating plate is connected with the side wall of the corresponding fixed hanging rod through a spring, four corners of the lower end face of each fixed transverse plate are provided with moving rollers, the fixed transverse plate is further provided with a fixed frame, the fixed frame is provided with a rotating sleeve rotatably connected with the fixed frame, the outer side wall of the rotating sleeve is connected with a fixed motor arranged on the upper end face of the corresponding fixed transverse plate through a transmission mechanism, a fixed column, and the bottom end of the fixed column is provided with a pointed end, and the outer side wall of the fixed column is also provided with a spiral section which is in threaded fit connection with the fixed transverse plate.
As a further scheme of the invention: the limiting mechanism comprises a limiting vertical sliding groove arranged on the fixed stand column and a limiting sliding block arranged in the limiting vertical sliding groove, and one side of the limiting sliding block is fixedly connected with the side edge of the supporting transverse plate.
As a further scheme of the invention: the transmission mechanism comprises a driving gear arranged on a main shaft of the fixed motor and a driven gear arranged on the outer side wall of the rotating sleeve, and the driving gear is meshed with the driven gear.
As a still further scheme of the invention: the hydraulic cylinder fixing device is characterized in that two hydraulic cylinders are further arranged on the fixing transverse plate, the top ends of the two hydraulic cylinders are connected with the side surfaces of the two fixing stand columns through connecting mechanisms respectively, each connecting mechanism comprises a connecting chute arranged on the corresponding fixing stand column and a connecting slide block arranged in the corresponding connecting chute, the side surfaces of the connecting slide blocks are hinged to the top ends of the hydraulic cylinders, and the bottoms of the two fixing stand columns are hinged to the upper end surface of the fixing transverse plate.
As a still further scheme of the invention: and a hand push frame is further arranged on one side of the upper end face of the fixed transverse plate.
As a still further scheme of the invention: the sampling cylinder body is at least three.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that: the lifting motor drives the lifting screw shaft to rotate, the rotation of the lifting screw shaft drives the supporting transverse plate to move downwards through being in threaded fit connection with the supporting driving block, so that the fixed suspender moves downwards, the sampling cylinder body moves downwards to extend into a river, then the lifting motor is stopped, the rotating motor is started, the rotating motor drives the sampling screw shaft to rotate, the sampling screw shaft drives the fixed suspender to move rightwards through being in threaded connection with the connecting sleeve, one end of the sampling cylinder body extends into soil of a river bank wall, when the sampling cylinder body is close to the soil of the river bank wall, the bank wall pushes the rotating plate to rotate, so that the sealing plate moves upwards to drive the external port of the sampling cylinder body, so that the soil enters the sampling cylinder body, when the rotating motor rotates reversely, the sampling cylinder body is separated from the soil of the river bank wall, and the rotating plate enables the sealing plate to seal the external port of the sampling cylinder body under the action of the spring, so that water in an, ensuring the integrity of the sample. The soil sampling device is simple in structure, simple and convenient to operate, stable in fixation, capable of sampling soil at different depths, convenient and fast, capable of guaranteeing structural composition integrity of the sampled soil, and high in practicability.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a soil property detection sampling device for a river bank wall.
Fig. 2 is a schematic view of a connection structure of a fixed column in the soil texture detecting and sampling device for the river quay wall.
Fig. 3 is a partially enlarged structure diagram of the soil property detection sampling device for the river bank wall.
Wherein: the device comprises a fixed transverse plate 1, a fixed upright post 2, a supporting transverse plate 3, a fixed seat 4, a lifting screw shaft 5, a supporting driving block 6, a sampling screw shaft 7, a connecting sleeve 8, a rotating motor 9, a lifting motor 10, a fixed suspender 11, a limiting vertical chute 12, a limiting slider 13, a sampling cylinder 14, a cover plate 15, a rotating plate 16, a spring 17, a fixed frame 18, a rotating sleeve 19, a driven gear 20, a fixed motor 21, a driving gear 22, a fixed column 23, a spiral section 24, a supporting hydraulic cylinder 25, a connecting chute 26, a connecting slider 27, a movable roller 28 and a hand-push frame 29.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1 to 3, in the embodiment of the present invention, a soil quality detecting and sampling device for a river quay wall includes a fixed transverse plate 1, two opposite fixed vertical columns 2 are disposed on one side of an upper end surface of the fixed transverse plate 1, upper and lower ends of the two fixed vertical columns 2 are both connected and fixed through fixing seats 4, a lifting screw shaft 5 is disposed between the two fixing seats 4, a lower end of the lifting screw shaft 5 is connected with a lifting motor 10 disposed on the fixing seat 4, a supporting driving block 6 threaded connected with the lifting screw shaft 5 is disposed on the lifting screw shaft 5, a supporting transverse plate 3 is fixedly connected to one side of the supporting driving block 6, two sides of the supporting transverse plate 3 are connected with side surfaces of the two fixed vertical columns 2 through a limiting mechanism, the limiting mechanism includes a limiting vertical chute 12 disposed on the fixed vertical column 2 and a limiting slider 13 disposed in the limiting vertical chute 12, one side of the limiting slide block 13 is fixedly connected with the side of the supporting transverse plate 3, a transverse sampling screw shaft 7 is arranged on the supporting transverse plate 3, two ends of the sampling screw shaft 7 are fixed on the supporting transverse plate 3 through a bearing seat, one end of the sampling screw shaft 7 is connected with a rotating motor 9 arranged on the bearing seat, a connecting sleeve 8 in threaded fit connection with the sampling screw shaft 7 is arranged on the sampling screw shaft 7, a fixed suspension rod 11 penetrating through the supporting transverse plate 3 is arranged at the lower end of the connecting sleeve 8, a plurality of sampling cylinder bodies 14 which are arranged at equal intervals are arranged on the fixed suspension rod 11, at least three sampling cylinder bodies 14 are arranged, the outer end opening of each sampling cylinder body 14 is in an inclined opening arrangement, a sealing cover plate 15 in sliding connection with the outer end opening of the sampling cylinder body 14 is arranged, a rotating plate 16 hinged with the top end of the sealing cover plate 15 is arranged on the top end of the, the four corners of the lower end face of the fixed transverse plate 1 are provided with moving rollers 28 for convenient movement, the fixed transverse plate 1 is further provided with a fixed frame 18, the fixed frame 18 is provided with a rotating sleeve 19 rotationally connected with the fixed frame 18, the outer side wall of the rotating sleeve 19 is connected with a fixed motor 21 arranged on the upper end face of the fixed transverse plate 1 through a transmission mechanism, the transmission mechanism comprises a driving gear 22 arranged on the main shaft of the fixed motor 21 and a driven gear 20 arranged on the outer side wall of the rotating sleeve 19, the driving gear 22 is meshed with the driven gear 20, a fixed column 23 connected with the rotating sleeve 19 through a spline is arranged inside the rotating sleeve 19, the lower end of the fixed column 23 penetrates through the fixed transverse plate 1, the bottom end of the fixed column 23 is arranged in a pointed shape, and the outer side wall of the fixed column 23 is further provided with, still be provided with two pneumatic cylinders 25 on the fixed diaphragm 1, the top of two pneumatic cylinders 25 is connected through coupling mechanism with two fixed upright 2 sides respectively, coupling mechanism is including setting up the link chute 26 on fixed upright 2 and setting up the link block 27 in link chute 26, link block 27 side is articulated mutually with the top of pneumatic cylinder 25, and the bottom and the fixed diaphragm 1 up end of two fixed upright 2 are articulated mutually, fixed diaphragm 1 up end one side still is provided with hand push frame 29.
The working principle of the invention is as follows: firstly, the device is pushed to move to the bank side, then a fixed motor 21 is started, the fixed motor 21 drives a rotating sleeve 19 to rotate through a transmission mechanism, the rotating sleeve 19 drives a fixed column 23 to rotate, the fixed column 23 is in threaded fit connection with a fixed transverse plate 1 through a spiral section 24, so that the fixed column 23 moves downwards and extends into soil, the device is fixed firmly, then a lifting motor 10 is started, the lifting motor 10 drives a lifting screw shaft 5 to rotate, the rotation of the lifting screw shaft 5 enables a supporting transverse plate 3 to move downwards through threaded fit connection with a supporting driving block 6, so that a fixed hanging rod 11 moves downwards, a sampling cylinder 14 moves downwards and extends into a river, then the lifting motor 10 is stopped, the rotating motor 9 is started, the rotating motor 9 drives a sampling screw shaft 7 to rotate, the sampling screw shaft 7 drives the fixed hanging rod 11 to move rightwards through threaded connection with a connecting sleeve 8, one end of the sampling cylinder 14 extends into the soil on the river bank wall, when the sampling cylinder 14 is close to the soil on the river bank wall, the rotating plate 16 is pushed to rotate on the bank wall, so that the sealing cover plate 15 moves upwards to drive the outer port of the sampling cylinder 14, so that the soil enters the sampling cylinder 14, when the rotating motor 9 rotates reversely, the sampling cylinder 14 is separated from the soil on the river bank wall, the rotating plate 16 enables the sealing cover plate 15 to seal the outer port of the sampling cylinder 14 under the action of the spring 17, the water on an upstream layer is prevented from entering the sampling cylinder 14 to affect the structural components of the soil, and the hydraulic cylinder 25 is arranged to enable the fixing upright post 2 of the device to be toppled and folded, and the carrying and moving are facilitated.
It will be evident to those skilled in the art that the invention is not limited to the details of the foregoing illustrative embodiments, and that the present invention may be embodied in other specific forms without departing from the spirit or essential attributes thereof. The present embodiments are therefore to be considered in all respects as illustrative and not restrictive, the scope of the invention being indicated by the appended claims rather than by the foregoing description, and all changes which come within the meaning and range of equivalency of the claims are therefore intended to be embraced therein. Any reference sign in a claim should not be construed as limiting the claim concerned.
Furthermore, it should be understood that although the present description refers to embodiments, not every embodiment may contain only a single embodiment, and such description is for clarity only, and those skilled in the art should integrate the description, and the embodiments may be combined as appropriate to form other embodiments understood by those skilled in the art.

Claims (6)

1. A soil quality detection and sampling device for a river quay wall comprises a fixed transverse plate (1), and is characterized in that two opposite fixed upright posts (2) are arranged on one side of the upper end face of the fixed transverse plate (1), the upper ends and the lower ends of the two fixed upright posts (2) are connected and fixed through fixing seats (4), a lifting screw shaft (5) is arranged between the two fixing seats (4), the lower end of the lifting screw shaft (5) is connected with a lifting motor (10) arranged on the fixing seats (4), a supporting driving block (6) in threaded connection with the lifting screw shaft (5) is arranged on the lifting screw shaft (5), a supporting transverse plate (3) is fixedly connected to one side of the supporting driving block (6), two sides of the supporting transverse plate (3) are connected with the side faces of the two fixed upright posts (2) through limiting mechanisms, and a transverse sampling screw shaft (7) is arranged on the supporting transverse plate (3), the two ends of a sampling screw rod shaft (7) are fixed on a supporting transverse plate (3) through bearing seats, one end of the sampling screw rod shaft (7) is connected with a rotating motor (9) arranged on the bearing seats, a connecting sleeve (8) in threaded fit connection with the sampling screw rod shaft (7) is arranged on the sampling screw rod shaft, a fixed hanging rod (11) penetrating through the supporting transverse plate (3) is arranged at the lower end of the connecting sleeve (8), a plurality of sampling cylinder bodies (14) which are arranged at equal intervals are arranged on the fixed hanging rod (11), the outer end opening of each sampling cylinder body (14) is arranged in an inclined opening manner, a sealing cover plate (15) in sliding connection with the sampling cylinder body is arranged at the outer end opening of each sampling cylinder body (14), a rotating plate (16) hinged with the sealing cover plate is arranged at the top end of each sealing cover plate (15), the outer side of each rotating plate (16) is connected with the side wall of the corresponding fixed hanging rod (11) through, the fixing device is characterized in that a fixing frame (18) is further arranged on the fixing transverse plate (1), a rotating sleeve (19) rotatably connected with the fixing frame (18) is arranged on the fixing frame (18), the outer side wall of the rotating sleeve (19) is connected with a fixing motor (21) arranged on the upper end face of the fixing transverse plate (1) through a transmission mechanism, a fixing column (23) connected with the rotating sleeve (19) through a spline is arranged inside the rotating sleeve (19), the lower end of the fixing column (23) penetrates through the fixing transverse plate (1), the bottom end of the fixing column (23) is arranged in a pointed end mode, and a spiral section (24) in threaded fit connection with the fixing transverse plate (1) is further arranged on the outer side.
2. The soil property detection and sampling device for the river quay wall is characterized in that the limiting mechanism comprises a limiting vertical sliding groove (12) arranged on the fixed upright post (2) and a limiting sliding block (13) arranged in the limiting vertical sliding groove (12), and one side of the limiting sliding block (13) is fixedly connected with the side of the supporting transverse plate (3).
3. The soil texture detecting and sampling device for river quay walls as claimed in claim 2, wherein the transmission mechanism comprises a driving gear (22) arranged on a main shaft of the fixed motor (21) and a driven gear (20) arranged on the outer side wall of the rotating sleeve (19), and the driving gear (22) is meshed with the driven gear (20).
4. The soil property detection and sampling device for the river quay wall is characterized in that two hydraulic cylinders (25) are further arranged on the fixed transverse plate (1), the top ends of the two hydraulic cylinders (25) are respectively connected with the side surfaces of the two fixed upright posts (2) through a connecting mechanism, the connecting mechanism comprises connecting chutes (26) arranged on the fixed upright posts (2) and connecting sliding blocks (27) arranged in the connecting chutes (26), the side surfaces of the connecting sliding blocks (27) are hinged with the top ends of the hydraulic cylinders (25), and the bottoms of the two fixed upright posts (2) are hinged with the upper end surface of the fixed transverse plate (1).
5. The soil property detection and sampling device for the river quay wall according to claim 1, wherein a hand-push frame (29) is further arranged on one side of the upper end face of the fixed transverse plate (1).
6. The soil property detection and sampling device for river quay walls according to claim 1, wherein the number of the sampling cylinders (14) is at least three.
CN201810003193.4A 2018-01-03 2018-01-03 Soil property detection and sampling device for river quay wall Active CN108225818B (en)

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CN109459267A (en) * 2019-01-16 2019-03-12 河海大学 A kind of hydrogeology sampler
CN110595827B (en) * 2019-10-17 2020-11-06 明光市众建市政工程有限公司 Ground soil property classification detection sampling device before building engineering construction

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