CN108129029A - Snowflake glaze preparation method and relevant glaze, glaze preparation method for material, enamel frit makeing material composition knead dough glaze formula method of adjustment - Google Patents

Snowflake glaze preparation method and relevant glaze, glaze preparation method for material, enamel frit makeing material composition knead dough glaze formula method of adjustment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108129029A
CN108129029A CN201810011411.9A CN201810011411A CN108129029A CN 108129029 A CN108129029 A CN 108129029A CN 201810011411 A CN201810011411 A CN 201810011411A CN 108129029 A CN108129029 A CN 108129029A
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China
Prior art keywords
glaze
oxide
ground
snowflake
overglaze
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CN201810011411.9A
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CN108129029B (en
Inventor
林孝发
林孝山
刘中起
闵卫
汪志良
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Jomoo Kitchen and Bath Co Ltd
Jomoo Group Co Ltd
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Jomoo Group Co Ltd
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C03GLASS; MINERAL OR SLAG WOOL
    • C03CCHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF GLASSES, GLAZES OR VITREOUS ENAMELS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF GLASS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF FIBRES OR FILAMENTS MADE FROM GLASS, MINERALS OR SLAGS; JOINING GLASS TO GLASS OR OTHER MATERIALS
    • C03C8/00Enamels; Glazes; Fusion seal compositions being frit compositions having non-frit additions
    • C03C8/14Glass frit mixtures having non-frit additions, e.g. opacifiers, colorants, mill-additions
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C03GLASS; MINERAL OR SLAG WOOL
    • C03CCHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF GLASSES, GLAZES OR VITREOUS ENAMELS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF GLASS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF FIBRES OR FILAMENTS MADE FROM GLASS, MINERALS OR SLAGS; JOINING GLASS TO GLASS OR OTHER MATERIALS
    • C03C8/00Enamels; Glazes; Fusion seal compositions being frit compositions having non-frit additions
    • C03C8/14Glass frit mixtures having non-frit additions, e.g. opacifiers, colorants, mill-additions
    • C03C8/20Glass frit mixtures having non-frit additions, e.g. opacifiers, colorants, mill-additions containing titanium compounds; containing zirconium compounds
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B41/00After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone
    • C04B41/45Coating or impregnating, e.g. injection in masonry, partial coating of green or fired ceramics, organic coating compositions for adhering together two concrete elements
    • C04B41/52Multiple coating or impregnating multiple coating or impregnating with the same composition or with compositions only differing in the concentration of the constituents, is classified as single coating or impregnation
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B41/00After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone
    • C04B41/80After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone of only ceramics
    • C04B41/81Coating or impregnation
    • C04B41/89Coating or impregnation for obtaining at least two superposed coatings having different compositions

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of snowflake glaze preparation method and relevant glaze, glaze preparation method for material, enamel frit makeing material composition knead dough glaze formula methods of adjustment.It is most importantly snowflake glaze glaze in its technical solution and includes overglaze glaze and ground-coat enamel glaze, overglaze glaze is marzacotto, and ground-coat enamel glaze is milkiness white glaze material;And the initial melting temperature of overglaze glaze is less than 35 45 DEG C of the initial melting temperature of the ground-coat enamel glaze.The snowflake glaze prepared using above-mentioned technical proposal, three-dimensional sense is strong, snowflake line does not float on glaze surface, further, moreover it is possible to while the hardness on glaze surface, stain resistance, impermeability are improved, so as to be used on sanitary ware.

Description

Snowflake glaze preparation method and relevant glaze, glaze preparation method for material, the combination of enamel frit makeing material Object knead dough glaze formula method of adjustment
Technical field
The present invention relates to ceramic glaze fields, and in particular to snowflake glaze preparation method and relevant glaze, glaze preparation side Method, enamel frit makeing material composition knead dough glaze formula method of adjustment.
Background technology
One kind has been recorded in the Chinese invention patent application publication document CN104478489A announced on April 1st, 2015 The preparation method of snowflake glaze household china, it is disclosed that being used to prepare the formula and processing method of snowflake glaze, firing temperature exists 1250℃.Its snowflake glaze being burnt into is individual layer glaze, and snowflake line floats on surface, and has certain concave-convex sense.
One has been recorded in the Chinese invention patent application publication document CN106045577A announced on October 26th, 2016 Kind medium temperature snowflake glaze product and preparation method thereof, medium temperature snowflake glaze product is disposed with bottom glaze from inside to outside outside green body Material and snowflake glaze layer, firing temperature are 1100-1200 DEG C.Its snowflake line being burnt into equally floats on surface, and has certain recessed Convex sense.
One kind has been recorded in the Chinese invention patent application publication document CN103102175A announced on May 15th, 2013 Self-cleaning glaze and its application and sanitary ceramic ware are equipped with milkiness glaze layer and self-cleaning glaze layer, outside self-cleaning glaze layer surface from inside to outside It sees effect and shows the beautiful decorative pattern of flakes.Its snowflake line equally floats on self-cleaning glaze layer surface.
A kind of health has been recorded in the Chinese patent Granted publication file CN104193411B of bulletin on March 2nd, 2016 Ceramic sanitary appliance crystalline glaze and its preparation process, it is this to crystallize in glaze handicraft, crystallizing agent is sprayed on crystallization base glaze surface, after firing Crystalline pattern (also being crystallized including flakes) can be formed, firing temperature is at 1170-1230 DEG C.Its cardinal principle is that crystallizing agent is formed Nucleus, and crystallize the titanium zinc in base glaze and accelerate crystallization under nucleation.
The above-mentioned four kinds glaze paints with snowflake line, the principle for generating snowflake line is different, and snowflake line all floats on surface, stands Body-sensing is not strong, and visual effect is not good enough.
Invention content
It is an object of the invention to overcome the problems, such as drawbacks described above present in background technology or, a kind of snowflake glaze is provided and is prepared Method and relevant glaze, glaze preparation method for material, enamel frit makeing material composition knead dough glaze formula method of adjustment, by above-mentioned relevant Snowflake glaze prepared by technical solution, three-dimensional sense is strong, snowflake line does not float on glaze surface, further, moreover it is possible to while improve glaze surface Hardness, stain resistance, impermeability, so as to be used on sanitary ware.
To reach above-mentioned purpose, the present invention adopts the following technical scheme that:
First technical solution is related to snowflake glaze glaze, and including overglaze glaze and ground-coat enamel glaze, the overglaze glaze is Bright glaze, the ground-coat enamel glaze are milkiness white glaze material;The initial melting temperature of the overglaze glaze is less than the ground-coat enamel glaze 35-45 DEG C of initial melting temperature.
Based on above-mentioned first technical solution, the second technical solution is additionally provided with, in the second technical solution, the ground-coat enamel glaze Initial melting temperature is expected between 1155-1175 DEG C, in the chemical analysis after overglaze glaze calcining, is included by weight percentage The sum of weight percent of calcium oxide 13-15% and potassium oxide and sodium oxide molybdena is less than or equal to 3%.
Based on the second technical solution, third technical solution is additionally provided with, in third technical solution, the overglaze glaze is forged Chemical analysis after burning specifically includes silica 60-65%, aluminium oxide 12-14%, potassium oxide 1- by weight percentage 2.5%th, sodium oxide molybdena 0.5-1%, calcium oxide 13-15%, magnesia 1-3%, zinc oxide 3-6%, strontium oxide strontia 0-1% and silver oxide 1-3%.
Based on second or third technical solution, the 4th technical solution is additionally provided with, in the 4th technical solution, the ground-coat enamel Glaze calcining after chemical analysis by weight percentage include silica 60-65%, aluminium oxide 9-12%, potassium oxide 2-3.5%, Sodium oxide molybdena 1-2%, calcium oxide 9-12%, magnesia 1-3%, zinc oxide 3-5% and zirconium oxide 6-8%.
Based on second or third technical solution, the 5th technical solution is additionally provided with, in the 5th technical solution, the ground-coat enamel Glaze calcining after chemical analysis by weight percentage include silica 60-65%, aluminium oxide 8-11%, potassium oxide 2-3.5%, Sodium oxide molybdena 0.5-2%, calcium oxide 10-13%, magnesia 1-3%, zinc oxide 2-4% and zirconium oxide 7-8.5%.
6th technical solution is related to snowflake glaze preparation method, includes the following steps:Step 101:By above-mentioned first to the 5th The ground-coat enamel glaze even application in snowflake glaze glaze described in any one of technical solution is on ceramic body surface to form ground-coat enamel Layer, control ground-coat enamel layer thickness are 0.5-0.7mm;Step 102:By the snow described in any one of the above-mentioned first to the 5th technical solution In the ground-coat enamel layer surface to form cover coat, control plane glazed thickness is overglaze glaze even application in fancy glaze glaze 0.1-0.15mm;Step 103:Enter klining into the control of, firing temperature at 1230-1250 DEG C, firing time 16-19h.
7th technical solution is related to the method that overglaze glaze formula is adjusted according to ground-coat enamel glaze, is used to prepare such as above-mentioned first To the snowflake glaze glaze described in any one of the 5th technical solution, specific method be by adjusting the overglaze glaze chemistry into Part in calcium oxide relative to other compositions weight ratio so that the initial melting temperature of the overglaze glaze be less than the ground-coat enamel glaze 35-45 DEG C of the initial melting temperature of material, wherein calcium oxide is higher relative to the weight ratio of other compositions in the overglaze glaze, it is described Overglaze glaze initial melting temperature it is lower.
8th technical solution is related to a kind of composition, is used to prepare the snowflake glaze glaze as described in above-mentioned third technical solution Overglaze glaze in material, component include quartz 8-15%, kaolin 3-5%, calcite 1-3%, white clouds by weight percentage Stone 1-3%, potassium feldspar 0-3%, zinc oxide 1-3%, frit 75-85% and nano silver ion antibiotic agent 1-3%;Wherein, it is described Frit formed through 1500 DEG C or more of high-temperature calcination, chemical analysis by weight percentage include silica 60-65%, oxidation Aluminium 12-14%, potassium oxide 0.5-2%, sodium oxide molybdena 0-0.5%, calcium oxide 15-18%, magnesia 1-3%, zinc oxide 3-6% and Strontium oxide strontia 0-1%.
9th technical solution is related to a kind of glaze preparation method for material, is used to prepare the snow as described in above-mentioned third technical solution Overglaze glaze in fancy glaze glaze, includes the following steps:Step 201:It weighs by weight percentage described in the 8th technical solution Composition in each component;Step 202:Each component total weight by weighing weighs water and degumming agent, wherein every 100 parts by weight Each component total weight weighs the water of 45-50 parts by weight and the degumming agent of 0.1-0.2 parts by weight;Step 203:The each group that will be weighed Part, water and degumming agent add in ball mill, are milled to out accounting of the defibrination material drawing degree below 10 μm and control more than 75%;Step 204:Cross 180 mesh sieve;Step 205:Except iron;Step 206:Adjust size performance to drying time be 8-12min, viscosity 50- 60s/200mL and yield value are 10-20dyn/cm2, so as to which overglaze glaze be made.
Tenth technical solution is related to a kind of composition, is used to prepare in the snowflake glaze glaze as described in the 4th technical solution Ground-coat enamel glaze, component include quartz 28-32%, kaolin 3-5%, calcite 12-16%, dolomite 2- by weight percentage 6%th, zinc oxide 2-5%, potassium feldspar 28-32%, zirconium silicate 9-12% and aluminium oxide 1-3%.
11st technical solution is related to a kind of composition, is used to prepare in the snowflake glaze glaze as described in the 5th technical solution Ground-coat enamel glaze, it is characterized in that, component by weight percentage include quartz 32-35%, kaolin 3-5%, calcite 14- 18%th, dolomite 4-8%, zinc oxide 1-3%, potassium feldspar 22-26%, zirconium silicate 10-12% and aluminium oxide 2-5%.
12nd technical solution is related to a kind of glaze preparation method for material, is used to prepare the 4th technical solution or the 5th technical solution Ground-coat enamel glaze in the snowflake glaze glaze, includes the following steps:Step 301:The tenth technical side is weighed by weight percentage Each component in a kind of composition described in case or the 11st technical solution;In the snowflake glaze glaze for wherein preparing the 4th technical solution Ground-coat enamel glaze when, selection weighs a kind of middle each component of composition described in the tenth technical solution, and prepares the 5th technical side During ground-coat enamel glaze in the snowflake glaze glaze described in case, selection weighs each in a kind of composition described in the 11st technical solution Component;Step 302:Each component total weight by weighing weighs water and degumming agent, wherein each component total weight of every 100 parts by weight Weigh the water of 45-50 parts by weight and the degumming agent of 0.1-0.2 parts by weight;Step 303:By each component weighed, water and degumming agent Ball mill is added in, accounting of the defibrination material granularity below 10 μm is milled to out and controls more than 70%;Step 304:Cross 180 mesh Sieve;Step 305:Except iron;Step 306:Adjust size performance to drying time be 15-25min, viscosity 80-100s/200mL And yield value is 10-20dyn/cm2, so as to which ground-coat enamel glaze be made.
By the above-mentioned description of this invention it is found that relative to the prior art, the following advantageous effect of the invention having:
1st, in the first technical solution and based in the other technologies scheme of the first technical solution, snowflake glaze glaze includes overglaze Glaze and ground-coat enamel glaze, and overglaze glaze uses marzacotto, ground-coat enamel glaze uses milkiness white glaze material, is stood in this way to be formed to have The snowflake line for not floating on surface of body-sensing provides base substance condition.What is more important, by the initial melting temperature of overglaze glaze 35-45 DEG C of the initial melting temperature of ground-coat enamel glaze is set at less than, can be caused in sintering process, the lower melting-point cover coat that begins is first It is melted in ground glaze layer, and is tightly attached at the ground-coat enamel layer surface not softened completely, and then promote the melting of ground glaze layer, reduce bottom Glaze layer side interface fusing point and viscosity, so as to which ground glaze layer be enable to carry out with cover coat the melt composition between interface in advance It exchanges, makes to form chemical analysis circle between ground-coat enamel and overglaze by exchanging chemical analysis on ground glaze layer and cover coat interface Middle layer, and during this, the quartz crystal of infusibility, crystal of zirconium oxide etc. are then in above-mentioned melt exchange process in ground glaze layer Irregular flakes is gradually showed, and continues to wedge cover coat bottom, has been eventually formed with certain relief snowflake Line, this snowflake line is located at the bottom of transparent cover coat, therefore it does not float on the surface of cover coat and glaze paint glossiness is good, reflection Light is soft, produces good visual effect.The initial melting temperature for setting overglaze glaze is less than the initial melting temperature 35- of ground-coat enamel glaze 45 DEG C, be because if initial melting temperature difference between the two is higher than 45 DEG C, then cover coat meeting burning, causes glaze paint to tarnish And easy soil pick-up;And if initial melting temperature difference between the two less than 35 DEG C, can cause snowflake line formed it is unintelligible very It can not extremely be formed.
2nd, in the second technical solution, the initial melting temperature of ground-coat enamel glaze is selected between 1155-1175 DEG C, then is burnt into temperature Degree can be controlled at 1230-1250 DEG C, and medium temperature firing can be energy saving.And by calcium oxide content control in 13-15%, by oxygen Change the control of the sum of potassium and sodium oxide content less than or equal to 3%, then with the calcium of conventional self-cleaning glaze, easy clean glaze or clear frit Content (generally in 10-12%) and potassium sodium content (generally more than 3%) are different, and main purpose is to reduce overglaze glaze The initial melting temperature of material so as to be conducive to form middle layer between cover coat bottom and ground-coat enamel layer surface, reaches to form three-dimensional sense The effect of snowflake line.And calcium oxide content and relatively low potassium oxide, sodium oxide content higher in overglaze glaze can also promote Cover coat forms more calcium and magnesium glass phases, is formed simultaneously less simple glass phase, since calcium and magnesium glass phase hardness is compared with potassium sodium Glass is mutually high, therefore makes cover coat more resistant more resistant to corrosion.It is because if oxygen that 15%, which is selected, as the upper limit of calcium oxide content Change calcium content is excessively high, and the fusing point that begins is too low, the easy burning of cover coat;Select 13% as calcium oxide content lower limit be because if Calcium oxide content is too low, and the fusing point that begins is excessively high, and the snowflake line of formation is unintelligible.
3rd, third technical solution is a preferred embodiment of the second technical solution, this preferred embodiment biggest advantage It is due to the high magnesium of high calcium, high temperature viscometrics are low at high operating temperatures and surface tension is high for overglaze, and the overglaze glaze of the embodiment melts length Up to 9-11cm, and the molten length of common overglaze glaze only has 7-8cm, and indirect reaction high temperature viscometrics are low, and simultaneously in the embodiment Overglaze frit surface tension reaches 381dyn/cm2, and the surface tension of common overglaze glaze generally only has 374dyn/cm2.Due to The high temperature viscometrics of the overglaze are low, and so that the glass that surface is formed mutually melts, effect is more preferable, and glaze paint is more flat, and the surface of glaze paint is thick Rugosity is lower, is less susceptible to pickup, and since the surface tension of the overglaze is high, the micropore formed in pyroprocess is few, The soil pick-up of glaze paint is caused to count to reduce.Meanwhile strontium oxide strontia is added in overglaze glaze, be conducive to improve the lustrous surface of glaze paint Degree.And contain silver oxide in overglaze glaze, be conducive to antibacterial.
4th, the 4th technical solution and the 5th technical solution are two of the ground-coat enamel glaze of milkiness white glaze property preferred real respectively Example is applied, wherein the ground-coat enamel glaze initial melting temperature of the 4th technical solution ground-coat enamel glaze in 1165 DEG C or so, the 5th technical solution Initial melting temperature can coordinate between 1170-1175 DEG C with overglaze glaze, form middle layer and snowflake line.
5th, the 6th technical solution discloses the preparation method of snowflake glaze, and wherein ground glaze layer thickness control is in 0.5-0.7mm, face Glazed thickness is in 0.1-0.15mm.Wherein, if overglaze layer thickness is less than 0.1mm, can cause in sintering process, ground glaze layer Cover coat is fully absorbed into melting, middle layer can not be formed and there is relief snowflake line under transparent cover coat;And If cover coat is higher than 0.15mm, it can cause cover coat that ground glaze layer is fully absorbed melting, can not also form middle layer and position There is relief snowflake line under transparent cover coat.
6th, the 7th technical solution discloses the method that overglaze formula is adjusted according to ground-coat enamel glaze.In fact, this patent Shen Please in can be can have wider range of choice as the ground-coat enamel glaze of snowflake glaze glaze, it is important to how to realize using as The overglaze glaze of marzacotto and the matching of ground-coat enamel glaze, this matched key is initial melting temperature difference, in order to reach regulation 35-45 DEG C of initial melting temperature difference, the 7th technical solution discloses the specific method for adjusting above-mentioned initial melting temperature difference, that is, adjusts The relative amount of calcium oxide in whole face glaze glaze, if calcium oxide relative amount is higher, the initial melting temperature of overglaze glaze is lower, If instead calcium oxide relative amount is lower, then the initial melting temperature of overglaze glaze is higher.Therefore, it is decided in ground-coat enamel glaze Afterwards, the specific calcium oxide relative amount adjusted in overglaze glaze can be carried out by measuring the initial melting temperature of ground-coat enamel glaze, so as to will The initial melting temperature of overglaze glaze is controlled in 35-45 DEG C of the initial melting temperature less than ground-coat enamel glaze.
7th, the 8th technical solution discloses the composition of overglaze glaze being used to prepare in third technical solution, the composition In introduce medium temperature clear frit, since sial content is high in frit, sodium content is few, therefore the beginning fusing point of frit is higher so that (- Si-O-) network structure is finer and close, improves the hardness of overglaze.
8th, the 9th technical solution discloses the method for overglaze glaze being used to prepare in third technical solution, in this method, Ball milling is going out accounting control of the defibrination material granularity below 10 μm more than 75%, increases the specific surface area of overglaze glaze, makes It obtains in sintering process, overglaze glaze absorbs the ability enhancing of heat, can reduce the initial melting temperature of overglaze glaze.
9th, the tenth technical solution and the 11st technical solution individually disclose and are used to prepare the 4th technical solution and the 5th skill The composition of ground-coat enamel glaze in art scheme snowflake glaze glaze, ground-coat enamel glaze is prepared by using the method for the 12nd technical solution Material, disclosure satisfy that in the second technical solution to the initial melting temperature requirement of ground-coat enamel glaze.
Description of the drawings
In order to illustrate the technical solution of the embodiments of the present invention more clearly, below to needed in embodiment description Attached drawing is briefly described, it should be apparent that, the accompanying drawings in the following description is some embodiments of the present invention, for this field For those of ordinary skill, without creative efforts, other attached drawings are can also be obtained according to these attached drawings.
Fig. 1 is the photo of snowflake glaze prepared by embodiment one;
Fig. 2 is the photo of snowflake glaze prepared by embodiment two;
Fig. 3 is the photo of snowflake glaze prepared by embodiment three;
Fig. 4 is the photo of snowflake glaze prepared by example IV;
Fig. 5 is the photo of snowflake glaze prepared by embodiment five;
Fig. 6 is the photo of snowflake glaze prepared by embodiment six;
Fig. 7 is the photo of snowflake glaze prepared by embodiment seven;
Fig. 8 is the photo of glaze paint prepared by comparative example one;
Fig. 9 is the photo of glaze paint prepared by comparative example two;
Figure 10 is the photo of glaze paint prepared by comparative example three;
Figure 11 is the photo of glaze paint prepared by comparative example four;
Figure 12 is the photo of glaze paint prepared by comparative example five.
Specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with the attached drawing in the embodiment of the present invention, the technical solution in the embodiment of the present invention is carried out clear, complete Site preparation describes.Obviously, described embodiment is the preferred embodiment of the present invention, and is not to be seen as the row to other embodiment It removes.Based on the embodiment of the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art are obtained all under the premise of creative work is not made Other embodiment shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
In claims of the present invention, specification and above-mentioned attached drawing, unless otherwise specifically limited, such as using term " the One ", " second " or " third " etc. are provided to distinguish different objects rather than for describing particular order.
In claims of the present invention, specification and above-mentioned attached drawing, such as using term " comprising ", " having " and they Deformation, it is intended that " including but not limited to ".
Hereinafter, illustrate technical scheme of the present invention and technique effect by two experiments
In experiment one, the experiment condition of four embodiments and three comparative examples, four embodiments and three comparative examples is introduced It is as follows:
Embodiment one:
It is used to prepare in the composition of ground-coat enamel glaze, each component percentage is quartz 30%, kaolin 3.5%, calcite 15%th, dolomite 4.5%, zinc oxide 4%, potassium feldspar 31%, zirconium silicate 10% and aluminium oxide 2%;
When preparing ground-coat enamel glaze, the first step weighs each component in above-mentioned composition by weight percentage;Second step, by title The each component total weight taken weighs water and degumming agent, and in the present embodiment one, each component total weight of every 100 parts by weight weighs 47 The degumming agent of the water of parts by weight and 0.15 parts by weight;Third walks, and each component weighed, water and degumming agent are added in ball mill, ball Accounting of the defibrination material granularity below 10 μm is milled to out to control 72%;4th step will go out defibrination material and cross 180 mesh sieve;5th step, Iron is removed with electromagnet;6th, size performance is adjusted to drying time by state of the art such as CMC, degumming agent and water For 5-25min, viscosity be 80-100s/200mL and yield value is 10-20dyn/cm2, so as to which ground-coat enamel glaze be made.Here dry The dry time refers to the time being dehydrated completely in diameter 40mm rings in billet surface, 5mL glaze.
The ground-coat enamel glaze being prepared, chemical analysis verify as silica 62.5%, aluminium oxide 10%, oxygen after calcining Change potassium 2.5%, sodium oxide molybdena 1.5%, calcium oxide 10.5%, magnesia 2%, zinc oxide 4% and zirconium oxide 7%.
It is used to prepare in the composition of overglaze glaze, each component percentage is:Quartz 10%, kaolin 6%, dolomite 1%th, potassium feldspar 3%, zinc oxide 2%, frit 77% and nano silver ion antibiotic agent 1%, wherein frit are forged through 1500 DEG C of high temperature It burns, frit chemical analysis is through verifying as silica 62.5%, aluminium oxide 13%, potassium oxide 2%, sodium oxide molybdena 0.5%, oxidation Calcium 15.5%, magnesia 1.5%, zinc oxide 4% and strontium oxide strontia 1%, in this patent used in each embodiment or comparative example Frit is this kind of frit, is not repeated below.
When preparing overglaze glaze, the first step weighs each component in above-mentioned composition by weight percentage;Second step, by title The each component total weight taken weighs water and degumming agent, and in the present embodiment one, each component total weight of every 100 parts by weight weighs 47 The degumming agent of the water of parts by weight and 0.15 parts by weight;Third walks, and each component weighed, water and degumming agent are added in ball mill, ball Accounting of the defibrination material granularity below 10 μm is milled to out to control 77%;4th step will go out defibrination material and cross 180 mesh sieve;5th step, Iron is removed with electromagnet;6th, size performance is adjusted to drying time by state of the art such as CMC, degumming agent and water For 8-12min, viscosity be 50-60s/200mL and yield value is 10-20dyn/cm2, so as to which overglaze glaze be made.
The overglaze glaze being prepared, chemical analysis verify as silica 64%, aluminium oxide 13%, oxidation after calcining Potassium 2%, sodium oxide molybdena 0.5%, calcium oxide 13%, magnesia 1.5%, zinc oxide 4.5%, strontium oxide strontia 0.5% and silver oxide 1%.
When preparing snowflake glaze, ground-coat enamel glaze even application obtained above is first formed into ground glaze layer on ceramic body surface, Ground-coat enamel layer thickness is 0.6mm;Again by overglaze glaze even application obtained above in ground-coat enamel layer surface, spray parameters are spat for glaze Output 35s/200mL, glaze atomization air pressure 0.5Mpa, overglaze layer thickness are 0.13mm;The green body of upper complete glaze is finally entered into klining Into firing temperature is controlled at 1250 DEG C, firing time 18h, and the snowflake glaze of embodiment one is made.
Embodiment two:
In embodiment two, it is used to prepare the composition of ground-coat enamel glaze, the method for preparing ground-coat enamel glaze, the ground-coat enamel being prepared The chemical analysis of glaze, the method for preparing overglaze glaze and prepare snowflake glaze method it is identical with embodiment one, it is different It is:
In embodiment two, being used to prepare each component percentage in the composition of overglaze glaze is:Quartz 8%, kaolin 4%th, calcite 1.5%, dolomite 1%, zinc oxide 1.5%, frit 83% and nano silver ion antibiotic agent 1%.
In embodiment two, the overglaze glaze that is prepared, chemical analysis verifies as silica 63.5%, oxygen after calcining Change aluminium 12.5%, potassium oxide 2%, sodium oxide molybdena 0.5%, calcium oxide 14%, magnesia 1.5%, zinc oxide 4.5%, strontium oxide strontia 0.5% and silver oxide 1%.
Embodiment three:
In embodiment three, it is used to prepare the composition of ground-coat enamel glaze, the method for preparing ground-coat enamel glaze, the ground-coat enamel being prepared The chemical analysis of glaze, the method for preparing overglaze glaze and prepare snowflake glaze method it is identical with embodiment one, it is different It is:
In embodiment three, being used to prepare each component percentage in the composition of overglaze glaze is:Quartz 8%, kaolin 4%th, calcite 2.5%, dolomite 2%, zinc oxide 1.5%, frit 81% and nano silver ion antibiotic agent 1%.
In embodiment three, the overglaze glaze that is prepared, chemical analysis verifies as silica 62.5%, oxygen after calcining Change aluminium 12.5%, potassium oxide 2%, sodium oxide molybdena 0.5%, calcium oxide 15%, magnesia 1.5%, zinc oxide 4.5%, strontium oxide strontia 0.5% and silver oxide 1%.
Example IV:
In example IV, it is used to prepare the method for ground-coat enamel glaze, the composition for preparing overglaze glaze, prepares overglaze glaze Method, the overglaze glaze being prepared chemical analysis and prepare snowflake glaze method it is identical with embodiment one, except that:
In example IV, being used to prepare each component percentage in the composition of ground-coat enamel glaze is:Quartz 34%, kaolin 4%th, calcite 15%, dolomite 4%, zinc oxide 3.5%, potassium feldspar 25%, zirconium silicate 10.5% and aluminium oxide 4%.
In example IV, the ground-coat enamel glaze that is prepared, chemical analysis verifies as silica 64%, oxidation after calcining Aluminium 8.5%, potassium oxide 2.5%, sodium oxide molybdena 1%, calcium oxide 11.5%, magnesia 2%, zinc oxide 3% and zirconium oxide 7.5%.
Comparative example one:
In comparative example one, it is used to prepare the composition of ground-coat enamel glaze, the method for preparing ground-coat enamel glaze, the ground-coat enamel being prepared The chemical analysis of glaze, the method for preparing overglaze glaze and prepare snowflake glaze method it is identical with embodiment one, it is different It is:
In comparative example one, being used to prepare each component percentage in the composition of overglaze glaze is:Quartz 10%, kaolin 2.3%th, dolomite 2.2%, potassium feldspar 20%, zinc oxide 3.5%, frit 61% and nano silver ion antibiotic agent 1%.
In comparative example one, the overglaze glaze that is prepared, chemical analysis verifies as silica 64.5%, oxygen after calcining Change aluminium 12.5%, potassium oxide 3%, sodium oxide molybdena 1.5%, calcium oxide 10%, magnesia 1.5%, zinc oxide 5.5%, strontium oxide strontia 0.5% and silver oxide 1%.
Comparative example two:
In comparative example two, it is used to prepare the composition of ground-coat enamel glaze, the method for preparing ground-coat enamel glaze, the ground-coat enamel being prepared The chemical analysis of glaze, the method for preparing overglaze glaze and prepare snowflake glaze method it is identical with embodiment one, it is different It is:
In comparative example two, being used to prepare each component percentage in the composition of overglaze glaze is:Quartz 11%, kaolin 6.5%th, dolomite 3.3%, potassium feldspar 10%, zinc oxide 2.2%, frit 66% and nano silver ion antibiotic agent 1%.
In comparative example two, the overglaze glaze that is prepared, chemical analysis verifies as silica 64%, oxidation after calcining Aluminium 13%, potassium oxide 2.5%, sodium oxide molybdena 0.5%, calcium oxide 12%, magnesia 2%, zinc oxide 4.5%, 0.5% and of strontium oxide strontia Silver oxide 1%.
Comparative example three:
In comparative example three, it is used to prepare the composition of ground-coat enamel glaze, the method for preparing ground-coat enamel glaze, the ground-coat enamel being prepared The chemical analysis of glaze, the method for preparing overglaze glaze and prepare snowflake glaze method it is identical with embodiment one, it is different It is:
In comparative example three, being used to prepare each component percentage in the composition of overglaze glaze is:Quartz 7.5%, kaolin 3.5%th, calcite 4.5%, dolomite 2.5%, potassium feldspar 3.5%, zinc oxide 1.5%, frit 76% and nano-silver ionic resist Microbial inoculum 1%.
In comparative example three, the overglaze glaze that is prepared, chemical analysis verifies as silica 61.5%, oxygen after calcining Change aluminium 12.5%, potassium oxide 2%, sodium oxide molybdena 0.5%, calcium oxide 16%, magnesia 2%, zinc oxide 4%, 0.5% and of strontium oxide strontia Silver oxide 1%.
After the snowflake glaze of obtained four embodiments and the glaze paint of three comparative examples, we also measure in each embodiment respectively The beginning melting temperature of overglaze glaze, the beginning melting temperature of ground-coat enamel glaze, glaze surface roughness, hardness and to snowflake line thereon It is observed with glaze paint.
Wherein, the results are shown in Figure 1 for the glaze paint observation of the embodiment one of snowflake glaze, and the glaze paint of the embodiment two of snowflake glaze is seen Examine that the results are shown in Figure 2, the results are shown in Figure 3 for the glaze paint observation of the embodiment three of snowflake glaze, the glaze of the example IV of snowflake glaze The results are shown in Figure 4 for face observation, and the results are shown in Figure 8 for the glaze paint observation of comparative example one, and the glaze paint observation result of comparative example two is such as Shown in Fig. 9, the results are shown in Figure 10 for the glaze paint observation of comparative example three.
We are by four embodiments and three comparative examples, calcium oxide, potassium oxide, sodium oxide molybdena in overglaze glaze chemical analysis Content and above-mentioned measurement result and observation result together with table 1 is made.
Table 1:Overglaze glaze part chemical analysis and relevant measurement result and sight in the embodiment and comparative example of experiment one Examine result
Experiment two:
In experiment two, the experiment condition of three embodiments and two comparative examples, three embodiments and three comparative examples is introduced It is as follows:
Embodiment five:Experiment condition is identical with embodiment two in experiment one.
Embodiment six:Experiment condition is controlled except overglaze glazed thickness in addition to 0.1mm, other are identical with embodiment five.
Embodiment seven:Experiment condition is controlled except overglaze glazed thickness in addition to 0.15mm, other are identical with embodiment five.
Comparative example four:Experiment condition is controlled except overglaze glazed thickness in addition to 0.08mm, other are identical with embodiment five.
Comparative example five:Experiment condition is controlled except overglaze glazed thickness in addition to 0.18mm, other are identical with embodiment five.
After the snowflake glaze of obtained three embodiments and the glaze paint of two comparative examples, we see snowflake line thereon It examines, wherein the results are shown in Figure 5 for the glaze paint observation of the embodiment five of snowflake glaze, the glaze paint observation result of the embodiment six of snowflake glaze As shown in fig. 6, the results are shown in Figure 7 for the glaze paint observation of the embodiment seven of snowflake glaze, the glaze paint observation result of comparative example four is as schemed Shown in 11, the glaze paint observation result of comparative example five is as shown in figure 12, and observation result is recorded in table 2 by us.
Table 2:The embodiment of experiment two and the relationship of comparative example overglaze glazed thickness and snowflake line
From experiment one above and experiment two:
First, overglaze initial melting temperature and the difference of ground-coat enamel initial melting temperature are to form the key factor of snowflake line.Begin in overglaze molten When temperature is less than 35-45 DEG C of ground-coat enamel initial melting temperature, ideal snowflake line, if difference is too small, snowflake line can be formed It can not be formed or unobvious, if difference is excessive, the easy burning of cover coat.
It, can be with this is because the initial melting temperature of overglaze glaze to be set at less than to 35-45 DEG C of the initial melting temperature of ground-coat enamel glaze So that in sintering process, the lower melting-point cover coat that begins melts, and be tightly attached at the bottom not softened completely prior to ground glaze layer Glaze layer surface, and then promote the melting of ground glaze layer, fusing point and viscosity of the ground glaze layer side in interface are reduced, so as to make ground-coat enamel The melt composition that layer can in advance carry out between interface with cover coat exchanges, and makes on ground glaze layer and cover coat interface by exchanging chemistry Composition forms middle layer of chemical analysis circle between ground-coat enamel and overglaze, and during this, the quartz of infusibility in ground glaze layer Crystal, crystal of zirconium oxide etc. then gradually show irregular flakes, and continue wedging surface in above-mentioned melt exchange process Glaze layer bottom has eventually formed and has been located at the bottom of transparent cover coat with centainly relief snowflake line, this snowflake line, therefore It does not float on the surface of cover coat and glaze paint glossiness is good, and reflection light is soft, produces good visual effect.Set overglaze The initial melting temperature of glaze is less than 35-45 DEG C of the initial melting temperature of ground-coat enamel glaze, is the initial melting temperature difference because if between the two Higher than 45 DEG C, then cover coat can burning, glaze paint is caused to tarnish and easy soil pick-up;And if initial melting temperature between the two is poor Value can then cause snowflake line to be formed unintelligible or even can not be formed less than 35 DEG C.
2nd, in the case where meeting above-mentioned condition, the content by adjusting calcium oxide in overglaze glaze can adjust overglaze The initial melting temperature of glaze, calcium oxide content is higher, and the initial melting temperature of overglaze glaze is lower.Potassium oxide and sodium oxide molybdena should be contained simultaneously Amount control is below 3%.
By calcium oxide content control in 13-15%, by the control of the sum of potassium oxide and sodium oxide content less than or equal to 3%, then the calcium content (generally in 10-12%) and potassium sodium content with conventional self-cleaning glaze, easy clean glaze or clear frit (generally exist More than 3%) different, main purpose is the initial melting temperature in order to reduce overglaze glaze, so as to be conducive in cover coat bottom Middle layer is formed between ground-coat enamel layer surface, achievees the effect that form three-dimensional sense snowflake line.And 15% is selected to contain as calcium oxide The upper limit of amount is because if calcium oxide content is excessively high, and the fusing point that begins is too low, the easy burning of cover coat;13% is selected as calcium oxide The lower limit of content is because if calcium oxide content is too low, and the fusing point that begins is excessively high, and the snowflake line of formation is unintelligible.
3rd, the overglaze glaze composition selection of the low sodium of the low potassium of high calcium can improve overglaze hardness, reduce roughness.Meanwhile Strontium oxide strontia is added in overglaze glaze, is conducive to improve the surface gloss of glaze paint.And contain silver oxide in overglaze glaze, favorably In antibacterial.
This is because calcium oxide content and relatively low potassium oxide, sodium oxide content higher in overglaze glaze can also promote Cover coat forms more calcium and magnesium glass phases, is formed simultaneously less simple glass phase, since calcium and magnesium glass is mutually hard high compared with potassium sodium Glass is mutually high, therefore makes cover coat more resistant more resistant to corrosion.
Due to the high magnesium of high calcium, high temperature viscometrics are low at high operating temperatures and surface tension is high for overglaze, the overglaze glaze of the embodiment Material is molten up to 9-11cm, and the molten length of common overglaze glaze only has 7-8cm, and indirect reaction high temperature viscometrics are low, and the reality simultaneously It applies overglaze frit surface tension in example and reaches 381dyn/cm2, and the surface tension of common overglaze glaze generally only has 374dyn/ cm2.Since the high temperature viscometrics of the overglaze are low, so that the glass that surface is formed mutually melts, effect is more preferable, and glaze paint is more flat, glaze paint Surface roughness it is lower, be less susceptible to pickup, and since the surface tension of the overglaze is high, what is formed in pyroprocess is micro- Pore is few, and the soil pick-up of glaze paint is caused to count and is reduced.
4th, the thickness of cover coat can determine size and the gap of snowflake line, in order to avoid snowflake line it is excessive and without apparent Gap or snowflake line are too small, should be by cover coat thickness control in 0.1mm-0.15mm.If it will be seen that cover coat Thickness is less than 0.1mm, then can cause in sintering process, cover coat is fully absorbed melting by ground glaze layer, can not form middle layer There is relief snowflake line under transparent cover coat;And if cover coat is higher than 0.15mm, cover coat can be caused Ground glaze layer is fully absorbed into melting, can not also form middle layer and there is relief snowflake line under transparent cover coat.
5th, by using frit, since sial content is high in frit, sodium content is few, therefore the beginning fusing point of frit is higher, makes It is finer and close to obtain (- Si-O-) network structure, improves the hardness of overglaze.
6th, in overglaze glaze preparation method for material, ball milling go out defibrination material granularity below 10 μm accounting control 75% with On, increase the specific surface area of overglaze glaze so that in sintering process, overglaze glaze absorbs the ability enhancing of heat, can Reduce the initial melting temperature of overglaze glaze.
Based on above-mentioned all embodiments, we can also be seen that:If the chemical analysis after the calcining of overglaze glaze includes oxygen SiClx 60-65%, aluminium oxide 12-14%, potassium oxide 1-2.5%, sodium oxide molybdena 0.5-1%, calcium oxide 13-15%, magnesia 1- 3%th, when zinc oxide 3-6%, strontium oxide strontia 0-1% and silver oxide 1-3%, the ground-coat enamel glaze of two schemes is all qualified:
Ground-coat enamel glaze one:Chemical analysis after calcining includes silica 60-65%, aluminium oxide 9-12%, potassium oxide 2- 3.5%th, sodium oxide molybdena 1-2%, calcium oxide 9-12%, magnesia 1-3%, zinc oxide 3-5% and zirconium oxide 6-8%;
Ground-coat enamel glaze two:Chemical analysis after calcining includes silica 60-65%, aluminium oxide 8-11%, potassium oxide 2- 3.5%th, sodium oxide molybdena 0.5-2%, calcium oxide 10-13%, magnesia 1-3%, zinc oxide 2-4% and zirconium oxide 7-8.5%.
It can be obtained by summarizing, meet initial melting temperature when between 1155-1175 DEG C in ground-coat enamel glaze, after the calcining of overglaze glaze Chemical analysis include at least calcium oxide 13-15%, and the sum of weight percent of potassium oxide and sodium oxide molybdena by weight percentage Less than or equal to 3%, the snowflake glaze for meeting the object of the invention can be obtained.
And will fundamentally, the condition that the snowflake glaze that generation meets the object of the invention generates can be determined as overglaze glaze and be Bright glaze, ground-coat enamel glaze are milkiness white glaze material;The initial melting temperature of overglaze glaze is less than 35-45 DEG C of the initial melting temperature of ground-coat enamel glaze.
From above-described embodiment, we can also obtain, when preparing snowflake glaze, it is also necessary to follow the steps below:
Step 101:Ground-coat enamel glaze even application in snowflake glaze glaze described in any one of claim 1-5 is being made pottery For porcelain billet surface to form ground glaze layer, control ground-coat enamel layer thickness is 0.5-0.7mm;
Step 102:By the overglaze glaze even application in the snowflake glaze glaze described in any one of claim 1-5 in institute The ground-coat enamel layer surface stated to form cover coat, control plane glazed thickness is 0.1-0.15mm, glaze discharge-amount 30-40s/200mL, Glaze atomization air pressure 0.45-0.5MPa;
Step 103:Enter klining into the control of, firing temperature at 1230-1250 DEG C, firing time 16-19h.
And in above-described embodiment, overglaze glaze is prepared using following compositions, and component is by weight percentage in the composition Including quartzy 8-15%, kaolin 3-6%, calcite 0-3%, dolomite 1-3%, potassium feldspar 0-3%, zinc oxide 1-3%, melt Block 75-85% and nano silver ion antibiotic agent 1-3%;Wherein, the frit is formed through 1500 DEG C or more of high-temperature calcination, Chemical analysis includes silica 60-65%, aluminium oxide 12-14%, potassium oxide 0.5-2%, sodium oxide molybdena 0- by weight percentage 0.5%th, calcium oxide 15-18%, magnesia 1-3%, zinc oxide 3-6% and strontium oxide strontia 0-1%.
Overglaze glaze preparation process carries out as follows:
Step 201:Each component in a kind of above-mentioned composition is weighed by weight percentage;
Step 202:Each component total weight by weighing weighs water and degumming agent, wherein each component of every 100 parts by weight is total Weight weighs the water of 45-50 parts by weight and the degumming agent of 0.1-0.2 parts by weight;
Step 203:The each component weighed, water and degumming agent are added in into ball mill, are milled to out defibrination material granularity at 10 μm Following accounting is controlled more than 75%;
Step 204:Cross 180 mesh sieve;
Step 205:Except iron;
Step 206:Adjustment size performance to drying time is 8-12min, viscosity is 50-60s/200mL and yield value is 10-20dyn/cm2, so as to which overglaze glaze be made.
Ground-coat enamel glaze one is prepared using following compositions, and component includes quartz 28- by weight percentage in the composition 32%th, kaolin 3-5%, calcite 12-16%, dolomite 2-6%, zinc oxide 2-5%, potassium feldspar 28-32%, zirconium silicate 9- 12% and aluminium oxide 1-3%.
Second ground-coat enamel glaze is prepared using following compositions, component includes quartz 32- by weight percentage in the composition 35%th, kaolin 3-5%, calcite 14-18%, dolomite 4-8%, zinc oxide 1-3%, potassium feldspar 22-26%, zirconium silicate 10-12% and aluminium oxide 2-5%.
Ground-coat enamel glaze preparation process carries out as follows:
Step 301:Weigh each component in corresponding composition;
Step 302:Each component total weight by weighing weighs water and degumming agent, wherein each component of every 100 parts by weight is total Weight weighs the water of 45-50 parts by weight and the degumming agent of 0.1-0.2 parts by weight;
Step 303:The each component weighed, water and degumming agent are added in into ball mill, are milled to out defibrination material granularity at 10 μm Following accounting is controlled more than 70%;
Step 304:Cross 180 mesh sieve;
Step 305:Except iron;
Step 306:Adjustment size performance to drying time is 15-25min, viscosity is 80-100s/200mL and yield value For 10-20dyn/cm2, so as to which ground-coat enamel glaze be made.
The description of description above and embodiment for explaining the scope of the present invention, but does not form and the present invention is protected Protect the restriction of range.By the enlightenment of the present invention or above-described embodiment, those of ordinary skill in the art combine common knowledge, ability The ordinary technical knowledge and/or the prior art in domain, it is available right by logical analysis, reasoning or limited experiment Modification, equivalent replacement or the other improvements of the embodiment of the present invention or a portion technical characteristic should be included in the present invention's Within protection domain.

Claims (12)

1. snowflake glaze glaze, including overglaze glaze and ground-coat enamel glaze, it is characterized in that, the overglaze glaze is marzacotto, institute The ground-coat enamel glaze stated is milkiness white glaze material;The initial melting temperature of the overglaze glaze is less than the initial melting temperature of the ground-coat enamel glaze 35-45℃。
2. snowflake glaze glaze as described in claim 1, it is characterized in that, the ground-coat enamel glaze initial melting temperature is in 1155-1175 Between DEG C, in the chemical analysis after overglaze glaze calcining, by weight percentage including at least calcium oxide 13-15% and oxygen Change the sum of weight percent of potassium and sodium oxide molybdena and be less than or equal to 3%.
3. snowflake glaze glaze as claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that, the chemical analysis after overglaze glaze calcining is by weight It measures percentage and specifically includes silica 60-65%, aluminium oxide 12-14%, potassium oxide 1-2.5%, sodium oxide molybdena 0.5-1%, oxygen Change calcium 13-15%, magnesia 1-3%, zinc oxide 3-6%, strontium oxide strontia 0-1% and silver oxide 1-3%.
4. snowflake glaze glaze as claimed in claim 2 or claim 3, it is characterized in that, the chemical analysis after ground-coat enamel glaze calcining Include silica 60-65%, aluminium oxide 9-12%, potassium oxide 2-3.5%, sodium oxide molybdena 1-2%, calcium oxide 9- by weight percentage 12%th, magnesia 1-3%, zinc oxide 3-5% and zirconium oxide 6-8%.
5. snowflake glaze as claimed in claim 2 or claim 3, it is characterized in that, the chemical analysis after ground-coat enamel glaze calcining is pressed Weight percent includes silica 60-65%, aluminium oxide 8-11%, potassium oxide 2-3.5%, sodium oxide molybdena 0.5-2%, calcium oxide 10-13%, magnesia 1-3%, zinc oxide 2-4% and zirconium oxide 7-8.5%.
6. snowflake glaze preparation method, it is characterized in that, include the following steps:
Step 101:By the ground-coat enamel glaze even application in the snowflake glaze glaze described in any one of claim 1-5 in ceramic blank To form ground glaze layer, control ground-coat enamel layer thickness is 0.5-0.7mm in body surface face;
Step 102:By the overglaze glaze even application in the snowflake glaze glaze described in any one of claim 1-5 described Ground-coat enamel layer surface is to form cover coat, and control plane glazed thickness is 0.1-0.15mm, glaze discharge-amount 30-40s/200mL, glaze Atomization air pressure 0.45-0.5MPa;
Step 103:Enter klining into the control of, firing temperature at 1230-1250 DEG C, firing time 16-19h.
7. adjusting the method for overglaze glaze formula according to ground-coat enamel glaze, it is used to prepare as described in any one of claim 1-5 Snowflake glaze glaze, it is characterized in that:By adjusting calcium oxide in the overglaze glaze chemical analysis relative to the weight of other compositions Ratio is measured, so that the initial melting temperature of the overglaze glaze is less than 35-45 DEG C of the initial melting temperature of the ground-coat enamel glaze, wherein described Overglaze glaze in calcium oxide it is higher relative to the weight ratio of other compositions, the initial melting temperature of the overglaze glaze is lower.
8. a kind of composition, the overglaze glaze being used to prepare in snowflake glaze glaze as claimed in claim 3, it is characterized in that, Component includes quartz 8-15%, kaolin 3-6%, calcite 0-3%, dolomite 1-3%, potassium feldspar 0- by weight percentage 3%th, zinc oxide 1-3%, frit 75-85% and nano silver ion antibiotic agent 1-3%;Wherein, the frit through 1500 DEG C with On high-temperature calcination form, chemical analysis by weight percentage include silica 60-65%, aluminium oxide 12-14%, potassium oxide 0.5-2%, sodium oxide molybdena 0-0.5%, calcium oxide 15-18%, magnesia 1-3%, zinc oxide 3-6% and strontium oxide strontia 0-1%.
9. a kind of glaze preparation method for material, the overglaze glaze being used to prepare in snowflake glaze glaze as claimed in claim 3, feature It is to include the following steps:
Step 201:Each component in a kind of composition according to any one of claims 8 is weighed by weight percentage;
Step 202:Each component total weight by weighing weighs water and degumming agent, wherein each component total weight of every 100 parts by weight Weigh the water of 45-50 parts by weight and the degumming agent of 0.1-0.2 parts by weight;
Step 203:The each component weighed, water and degumming agent are added in into ball mill, are milled to out defibrination material granularity below 10 μm Accounting control more than 75%;
Step 204:Cross 180 mesh sieve;
Step 205:Except iron;
Step 206:Adjustment size performance to drying time is 8-12min, viscosity is 50-60s/200mL and yield value is 10- 20dyn/cm2, so as to which overglaze glaze be made.
10. a kind of composition, the ground-coat enamel glaze being used to prepare in snowflake glaze glaze as claimed in claim 4, it is characterized in that, Component includes quartz 28-32%, kaolin 3-5%, calcite 12-16%, dolomite 2-6%, zinc oxide by weight percentage 2-5%, potassium feldspar 28-32%, zirconium silicate 9-12% and aluminium oxide 1-3%.
11. a kind of composition, the ground-coat enamel glaze being used to prepare in snowflake glaze glaze as claimed in claim 5, it is characterized in that, Component includes quartz 32-35%, kaolin 3-5%, calcite 14-18%, dolomite 4-8%, zinc oxide by weight percentage 1-3%, potassium feldspar 22-26%, zirconium silicate 10-12% and aluminium oxide 2-5%.
12. a kind of glaze preparation method for material, the ground-coat enamel glaze being used to prepare in snowflake glaze glaze as described in claim 4 or 5, It is characterized in, includes the following steps:
Step 301:Each component in a kind of composition described in claim 10 or 11 is weighed by weight percentage;Wherein prepare as During ground-coat enamel glaze in the snowflake glaze glaze described in claim 4, selection weighs a kind of composition according to any one of claims 10 Middle each component, and when preparing the ground-coat enamel glaze in snowflake glaze glaze as claimed in claim 5, selection weighs claim 11 institute Each component in a kind of composition stated;
Step 302:Each component total weight by weighing weighs water and degumming agent, wherein each component total weight of every 100 parts by weight Weigh the water of 45-50 parts by weight and the degumming agent of 0.1-0.2 parts by weight;
Step 303:The each component weighed, water and degumming agent are added in into ball mill, are milled to out defibrination material granularity below 10 μm Accounting control more than 70%;
Step 304:Cross 180 mesh sieve;
Step 305:Except iron;
Step 306:Adjustment size performance to drying time is 15-25min, viscosity is 80-100s/200mL and yield value is 10- 20dyn/cm2, so as to which ground-coat enamel glaze be made.
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CN203833839U (en) * 2014-05-15 2014-09-17 新嘉理(江苏)陶瓷有限公司 Earthenware slab with concave-convex glaze
CN106747296A (en) * 2017-02-13 2017-05-31 景德镇陶瓷大学 A kind of utilization rare earth tailings prepares the super flat method for throwing glaze Ceramic Tiles
CN107500543A (en) * 2017-09-29 2017-12-22 禹州市大龙山钧瓷文化有限公司 A kind of snowflake blue glaze and preparation method thereof

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108975709A (en) * 2018-09-28 2018-12-11 湖南益嘉瓷业有限公司 ice silk glaze and preparation method thereof

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