CN101066893A - Medium temperature alabastrine galze and its pren process - Google Patents

Medium temperature alabastrine galze and its pren process Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101066893A
CN101066893A CNA2007100351332A CN200710035133A CN101066893A CN 101066893 A CN101066893 A CN 101066893A CN A2007100351332 A CNA2007100351332 A CN A2007100351332A CN 200710035133 A CN200710035133 A CN 200710035133A CN 101066893 A CN101066893 A CN 101066893A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
glaze
parts
coat enamel
snowflake
ground
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CNA2007100351332A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
邹建华
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
HUNAN HUALIAN YIBAILI CERAMIC INDUSTRY Co Ltd
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HUNAN HUALIAN YIBAILI CERAMIC INDUSTRY Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Publication date
Application filed by HUNAN HUALIAN YIBAILI CERAMIC INDUSTRY Co Ltd filed Critical HUNAN HUALIAN YIBAILI CERAMIC INDUSTRY Co Ltd
Priority to CNA2007100351332A priority Critical patent/CN101066893A/en
Publication of CN101066893A publication Critical patent/CN101066893A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C03GLASS; MINERAL OR SLAG WOOL
    • C03CCHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF GLASSES, GLAZES OR VITREOUS ENAMELS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF GLASS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF FIBRES OR FILAMENTS MADE FROM GLASS, MINERALS OR SLAGS; JOINING GLASS TO GLASS OR OTHER MATERIALS
    • C03C3/00Glass compositions
    • C03C3/04Glass compositions containing silica
    • C03C3/076Glass compositions containing silica with 40% to 90% silica, by weight
    • C03C3/083Glass compositions containing silica with 40% to 90% silica, by weight containing aluminium oxide or an iron compound
    • C03C3/085Glass compositions containing silica with 40% to 90% silica, by weight containing aluminium oxide or an iron compound containing an oxide of a divalent metal
    • C03C3/087Glass compositions containing silica with 40% to 90% silica, by weight containing aluminium oxide or an iron compound containing an oxide of a divalent metal containing calcium oxide, e.g. common sheet or container glass
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C03GLASS; MINERAL OR SLAG WOOL
    • C03CCHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF GLASSES, GLAZES OR VITREOUS ENAMELS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF GLASS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF FIBRES OR FILAMENTS MADE FROM GLASS, MINERALS OR SLAGS; JOINING GLASS TO GLASS OR OTHER MATERIALS
    • C03C3/00Glass compositions
    • C03C3/04Glass compositions containing silica
    • C03C3/062Glass compositions containing silica with less than 40% silica by weight
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C03GLASS; MINERAL OR SLAG WOOL
    • C03CCHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF GLASSES, GLAZES OR VITREOUS ENAMELS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF GLASS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF FIBRES OR FILAMENTS MADE FROM GLASS, MINERALS OR SLAGS; JOINING GLASS TO GLASS OR OTHER MATERIALS
    • C03C3/00Glass compositions
    • C03C3/04Glass compositions containing silica
    • C03C3/062Glass compositions containing silica with less than 40% silica by weight
    • C03C3/064Glass compositions containing silica with less than 40% silica by weight containing boron
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C03GLASS; MINERAL OR SLAG WOOL
    • C03CCHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF GLASSES, GLAZES OR VITREOUS ENAMELS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF GLASS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF FIBRES OR FILAMENTS MADE FROM GLASS, MINERALS OR SLAGS; JOINING GLASS TO GLASS OR OTHER MATERIALS
    • C03C8/00Enamels; Glazes; Fusion seal compositions being frit compositions having non-frit additions

Abstract

The present invention is one kind of medium temperature alabastrine glaze including priming glaze and overglaze and its preparation process. The medium temperature alabastrine glaze is prepared with crystallizing agent of TiO2 and ZnO, crystallizing assistant MgO, CaO, Li2O, etc, borax for regulating crystal shape and glaze viscosity. The preparation process includes the following steps: milling the material in a ball mill for 24 hr, 320 mesh sieving, diluting with water to 48-50 Be deg, 120 mesh sieving the glaze sluury, applying priming glaze and applying overglaze, and sintering at 1230- 1280 deg.c in a kiln to form the alabastrine glaze.

Description

Warm snowflake glaze and preparation method thereof in a kind of
Technical field:
The invention belongs to glaze of a kind of pottery and preparation method thereof, refer in particular to glaze preparation of a kind of domestic ceramics and the new fancy glaze of display art porcelain and preparation method thereof.The type fancy glaze outward appearance is a flakes, between oyster white and transparent glass form and aspect, the flow liner of many beauties is arranged, and belongs to the ceramic glaze preparation field.The glaze that is used for domestic ceramics and furnishings pottery is decorated.
Technical background:
Fancy glaze is the colorful decoration glaze of porcelain, is one of traditional glaze kind of Ancient Times in China, and it has broken through the unicolor limitation of coloured glaze, forms changeable mobile line in sintering process.The Tang Dynasty just occurs, and prevails in the Song dynasty, the famous rose violet that an ancient unit of weight kiln in the Northern Song Dynasty is arranged, Vermilion etc.Each Dai Douyou fires later on.The fancy glaze porcelain is to be decorated with sky blue or bluish white color spot on black glaze, yellow glaze, yellowish-brown glaze, sky blue glaze or tea dust.Fancy glaze adopts two kinds of colorants to decorate, and first last layer ground-coat enamel mostly is chocolate, and sprinkle or smear another colorant is more often done milky whitely or light blue, goes into klining, is color and luster contrast intensive patch fancy glaze.Fancy glaze can divide two kinds: (1) imposes two or more glaze on porcelain, and the trickling of giving free rein at a certain temperature forms bright and colourful glaze colours, claims fancy glaze, also is the transmutation fancy glaze.High temperature fancy glaze such as flame are red, flame green grass or young crops; Low temperature fancy glaze such as stove equalization.(2) refer to two color glaze that the Tang Dynasty north kiln is produced.On black glaze, yellow glaze, glaze such as sky blue, be decorated with different color glaze such as bluish white, arrange arbitrarily or regularly, form color and luster contrast intensive patch shape fancy glaze, wherein famous with Lushan, Henan flower porcelain.But yet there are no report at the mature technology aspect the white fancy glaze.Fancy glaze decoration of porcelain method is many to be mixed by two or more glaze, when glazing, needs rest several times; Have plenty of to divide and be suspended to certain thickness several times, have plenty of and execute earlier after one deck ground-coat enamel, hang other toner or color glaze more in the above with a kind of color glaze.Be used for the porcelain that fancy glaze is decorated, the glaze layer is thick with fixed attention, presents the green grass or young crops that intermeshes, indigo plant, purple, brown Huang, multiple color such as bluish white in the glaze, and needle-like, radial luminous point, piece spot or crystallization are arranged, and glaze has the glass texture of light in addition, so glaze colours is resplendent.But present fancy glaze product major part is ornamental ceramic product, how to apply it on the domestic porcelain, particularly tableware for daily use, and is still unresolved always, therefore necessary this improved.
Summary of the invention:
The objective of the invention is to increase the fancy glaze kind and promote the ripe production technology of fancy glaze, a kind of snowflake glaze of suitable batch process is provided.
Another object of the present invention is to provide a kind of making method of above-mentioned snowflake glaze.
The objective of the invention is to be achieved through the following technical solutions.A kind of snowflake glaze comprises ground-coat enamel and cover-coat enamel, adopts titanium-zinc-boron to bind the technology of closing, and utilizes titanium, zinc xln to cooperate with boron compound again, and the shape of the viscosity of free adjustment glaze and snowflake is fit to various types in ground-coat enamel and cover-coat enamel.Its crystallizing agent is by TiO 2, ZnO introduces auxiliary MgO, CaO, Li 2O, etc. the crystallization in motion agent crystal growth is grown, borax is made frit, the viscosity of crystal shape and glaze etc. is regulated in the introducing of boron.
Concrete glaze formulation is as follows:
Ground-coat enamel: 15 parts in 55 parts of calcites of 100 parts of quartz of feldspar
Titanium dioxide 8-15 part is burnt talcum: 6 parts of triphane 20-40 parts
15 parts of zinc oxide (calcining) 10-30 part kaolin
Cover-coat enamel: 20 parts of quartzy 15-30 parts of 100 parts of calcites of boron frit
Kaolin 5-20 part
According to the desirable chemical ingredients of the glaze of mentioned component assembly be:
Ground-coat enamel: SiO 236-45% AL 2O 38-12% CaO 5-8%
TiO 2?4-6% ZnO 10-25% Li 2O 1-1.5%
All the other are impurity for MgO 0.5-1.5%.
Cover-coat enamel: B 2O 38-15% SiO 220-38% K 2O 5-15%
All the other are impurity for CaO 5-10%.
The main raw material(s) chemical ingredients:
Complete processing of the present invention is:
Take by weighing raw material according to the prescription demand and add the ball mill ball milling, the ratio of material, ball, water is 1: 1.5-1.8: 0.6, and the ball milling time is 24 hours, cross 320 mesh screen residue 0.06-0.1%, thin up becomes 48-50Be °, and glaze slip is crossed 120 mesh sieves, executes ground-coat enamel earlier and evenly sprays one deck cover-coat enamel then.After the secondary glazing, base substrate to be sent into kiln form the snowflake glaze at 1230-1280 ℃, the firing time is the same with the conventional firing time.
Its advantage of the present invention is:
1, easy and simple to handle, press ordinary process production and get final product, there is not particular requirement.
2, glaze effect stability, modest viscosity, glaze and outer glaze are used in can doing.
3, be fit to base substrates such as Shi porcelain and fine porcelain.
Embodiment
The invention will be further described below in conjunction with specific embodiment.
Embodiment one
A kind of snowflake glaze comprises ground-coat enamel and cover-coat enamel, adopts titanium-zinc-boron to bind the technology of closing, and utilizes titanium, zinc xln to cooperate with boron compound again, and the shape of the viscosity of free adjustment glaze and glaze flower is fit to various types in ground-coat enamel and cover-coat enamel.Its crystallizing agent is introduced by TiO2, ZnO, auxiliary MgO, CaO, Li2O, etc. the crystallization in motion agent crystal growth is grown, borax is made frit, the viscosity of crystal shape and glaze etc. is regulated in the introducing of boron.
Concrete glaze formulation is as follows:
Ground-coat enamel: 15 parts in 55 parts of calcites of 100 parts of quartz of feldspar
8 parts of titanium dioxides burn talcum: 20 parts of 6 parts of triphanes
15 parts of 10 parts of kaolin of zinc oxide (calcining)
Cover-coat enamel: 15 parts in 20 parts of quartz of 100 parts of calcites of boron frit
5 parts of kaolin
The manufacture craft of snowflake glaze is: take by weighing raw material according to the prescription demand and add the ball mill ball milling, the ratio of material, ball, water is 1: 1.5-1.8: 0.6, the ball milling time is 24 hours, cross 320 mesh screen residue 0.06-0.1%, thin up becomes 48-50Be °, glaze slip is crossed 120 mesh sieves, executes ground-coat enamel earlier and evenly sprays one deck cover-coat enamel then.After the secondary glazing, base substrate to be sent into kiln form the snowflake glaze at 1230-1280 ℃, the firing time is the same with the conventional firing time.
Embodiment two
The glaze principle of embodiment two is the same with manufacture craft with embodiment one, mainly is that batching is different with embodiment one, and concrete glaze formulation is as follows:
Ground-coat enamel: 15 parts in 55 parts of calcites of 100 parts of quartz of feldspar
Titanium dioxide burns 40 parts of 6 parts of triphanes of talcum for 15 parts
15 parts of 30 parts of kaolin of zinc oxide (calcining)
Cover-coat enamel: 30 parts in 20 parts of quartz of 100 parts of calcites of boron frit
20 parts of kaolin
According to the desirable chemical ingredients of the glaze of the foregoing description one and the assembly of embodiment binary be:
Ground-coat enamel: SiO 236-45% AL 2O 38-12% CaO 5-8%
TiO 2?4-6% ZnO 10-25% Li 2O?1-1.5%
All the other are impurity for MgO 0.5-1.5%.
Cover-coat enamel: B 2O 38-15% SiO 220-38% K 2O 5-15%
All the other are impurity for CaO 5-10%.

Claims (6)

1, warm snowflake glaze in a kind of, comprise ground-coat enamel and cover-coat enamel, it is characterized in that: adopt titanium-zinc-boron to bind the technology of closing, utilize titanium, zinc xln to cooperate with boron compound again, the shape of the viscosity of free adjustment glaze and snowflake is fit to various types in ground-coat enamel and cover-coat enamel; Contain TiO in its glaze 2, crystallizing agent such as ZnO, auxiliary MgO, CaO, Li 2O, etc. the crystallization in motion agent crystal growth is grown, contain the borax of the viscosity of regulating crystal shape and glaze in addition, borax need be made frit and could use.
2, warm snowflake glaze in as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: the ground-coat enamel prescription of described glaze is as being: 100 parts of feldspars; Quartzy 55 parts; 15 parts in calcite; 8 parts of titanium dioxides; Burn talcum: 6 parts; Triphane: 20 parts; Zinc oxide (calcining): 10 parts; Kaolin: 15 parts.
3, warm snowflake glaze in as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: the prescription of the cover-coat enamel of described glaze is as being: 100 parts of boron frits; 20 parts in calcite; Quartzy 15 parts; 5 parts of kaolin.
4, warm snowflake glaze in as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: the desirable chemical ingredients of the glaze of the ground-coat enamel of described glaze is: SiO 236-45%; AL 2O 38-12%; CaO 5-8%; TiO 24-6%; ZnO 10-25%; Li 2O 1-1.5%; MgO 0.5-1.5%; All the other are impurity.
5, warm snowflake glaze in as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: the desirable chemical ingredients of the cover-coat enamel of described glaze is: B 2O 38-15%; SiO 220-38%; K 2O 5-15%; CaO 5-10%; All the other are impurity.
6, a kind of making method of the glaze of snowflake according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the manufacture craft of snowflake glaze is: take by weighing raw material according to the prescription demand and add the ball mill ball milling, the ratio of material, ball, water is 1: 1.5-1.8: 0.6, the ball milling time is 24 hours, cross 320 mesh screen residue 0.06-0.1%, thin up becomes 48-50Be °, and glaze slip is crossed 120 mesh sieves, executes ground-coat enamel earlier and evenly sprays one deck cover-coat enamel then.After the secondary glazing, idiosome to be sent into kiln form the snowflake glaze at 1230-1280 ℃, the firing time is the same with the conventional firing time.
CNA2007100351332A 2007-06-14 2007-06-14 Medium temperature alabastrine galze and its pren process Pending CN101066893A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101306958B (en) * 2008-07-03 2011-04-20 湖南省醴陵市楚华陶瓷实业有限公司 Method of making crystal fancy glaze
CN102249738A (en) * 2011-05-23 2011-11-23 福建省佳美集团公司 Furnace transmutation glaze dolomitic pottery and preparation technique thereof
CN102584346A (en) * 2012-01-19 2012-07-18 星谊精密陶瓷科技(昆山)有限公司 Titanium-containing zirconium white frit and manufacturing method thereof
CN101838138B (en) * 2009-03-18 2012-10-24 温克仁 Novel transparent high-level porcelain mud material and porcelain product thereof
CN103110313A (en) * 2013-03-13 2013-05-22 徐剑海 Snow-shaped enamel tea set
CN103159506A (en) * 2013-03-23 2013-06-19 景德镇陶瓷学院 High-temperature ceramic grisaille painting decorating method
CN103864462A (en) * 2014-01-26 2014-06-18 陕西科技大学 Preparation method of moon white glaze of Yaozhou Kiln under oxidization atmosphere
CN104529393A (en) * 2014-12-04 2015-04-22 宋展泓 Method fro producing low-cost high-whiteness sanitary ceramic with clay tailings
CN105036811A (en) * 2015-07-24 2015-11-11 郏县神前传奇陶瓷钧瓷厂 White-ground red-spot composite tangjun glaze and process of preparing jun porcelain with same
CN106083215A (en) * 2016-06-22 2016-11-09 宜兴市金鱼陶瓷有限公司 The preparation method of speckle fancy glaze pottery
CN107021629A (en) * 2017-06-02 2017-08-08 合肥华盖生物科技有限公司 One kind is resistance to fall blue or green glaze ceramic bowl of shadow and preparation method thereof
CN108129029A (en) * 2018-01-05 2018-06-08 九牧厨卫股份有限公司 Snowflake glaze preparation method and relevant glaze, glaze preparation method for material, enamel frit makeing material composition knead dough glaze formula method of adjustment
CN108821798A (en) * 2018-06-14 2018-11-16 江西嘉顺瓷业有限公司 A kind of medical stone snowflake glaze heat resisting porcelain and preparation method thereof
CN110423142A (en) * 2019-09-06 2019-11-08 济源市坤彤陶瓷科技开发有限公司 A kind of silver figure glaze ceramic process
CN112340990A (en) * 2020-11-25 2021-02-09 珠海市白兔陶瓷有限公司 Antiskid brick and production process thereof

Cited By (20)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101306958B (en) * 2008-07-03 2011-04-20 湖南省醴陵市楚华陶瓷实业有限公司 Method of making crystal fancy glaze
CN101838138B (en) * 2009-03-18 2012-10-24 温克仁 Novel transparent high-level porcelain mud material and porcelain product thereof
CN102249738A (en) * 2011-05-23 2011-11-23 福建省佳美集团公司 Furnace transmutation glaze dolomitic pottery and preparation technique thereof
CN102249738B (en) * 2011-05-23 2013-03-20 福建省佳美集团公司 Furnace transmutation glaze dolomitic pottery and preparation technique thereof
CN102584346A (en) * 2012-01-19 2012-07-18 星谊精密陶瓷科技(昆山)有限公司 Titanium-containing zirconium white frit and manufacturing method thereof
CN103110313A (en) * 2013-03-13 2013-05-22 徐剑海 Snow-shaped enamel tea set
CN103159506A (en) * 2013-03-23 2013-06-19 景德镇陶瓷学院 High-temperature ceramic grisaille painting decorating method
CN103159506B (en) * 2013-03-23 2014-05-14 景德镇陶瓷学院 High-temperature ceramic grisaille painting decorating method
CN103864462A (en) * 2014-01-26 2014-06-18 陕西科技大学 Preparation method of moon white glaze of Yaozhou Kiln under oxidization atmosphere
CN103864462B (en) * 2014-01-26 2015-09-23 陕西科技大学 The preparation method of Yao county kiln moon white glaze is imitated under a kind of oxidizing atmosphere
CN104529393A (en) * 2014-12-04 2015-04-22 宋展泓 Method fro producing low-cost high-whiteness sanitary ceramic with clay tailings
CN104529393B (en) * 2014-12-04 2016-05-11 宋展泓 A kind of method that adopts the high whiteness sanitary ceramics of clay tailing production low cost
CN105036811A (en) * 2015-07-24 2015-11-11 郏县神前传奇陶瓷钧瓷厂 White-ground red-spot composite tangjun glaze and process of preparing jun porcelain with same
CN106083215A (en) * 2016-06-22 2016-11-09 宜兴市金鱼陶瓷有限公司 The preparation method of speckle fancy glaze pottery
CN107021629A (en) * 2017-06-02 2017-08-08 合肥华盖生物科技有限公司 One kind is resistance to fall blue or green glaze ceramic bowl of shadow and preparation method thereof
CN108129029A (en) * 2018-01-05 2018-06-08 九牧厨卫股份有限公司 Snowflake glaze preparation method and relevant glaze, glaze preparation method for material, enamel frit makeing material composition knead dough glaze formula method of adjustment
CN108129029B (en) * 2018-01-05 2020-10-27 九牧厨卫股份有限公司 Snowflake glaze material and related preparation method and overglaze formula adjustment method
CN108821798A (en) * 2018-06-14 2018-11-16 江西嘉顺瓷业有限公司 A kind of medical stone snowflake glaze heat resisting porcelain and preparation method thereof
CN110423142A (en) * 2019-09-06 2019-11-08 济源市坤彤陶瓷科技开发有限公司 A kind of silver figure glaze ceramic process
CN112340990A (en) * 2020-11-25 2021-02-09 珠海市白兔陶瓷有限公司 Antiskid brick and production process thereof

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