CN108127502A - A kind of burr removing method of gear - Google Patents

A kind of burr removing method of gear Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108127502A
CN108127502A CN201711422143.1A CN201711422143A CN108127502A CN 108127502 A CN108127502 A CN 108127502A CN 201711422143 A CN201711422143 A CN 201711422143A CN 108127502 A CN108127502 A CN 108127502A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
gear
motor
cylinder
output terminal
slip ring
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201711422143.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN108127502B (en
Inventor
苏波
张成国
杰克斯雷丽
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Zhejiang Hongye hi tech Intelligent Equipment Co., Ltd
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苏波
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Priority to CN201711422143.1A priority Critical patent/CN108127502B/en
Publication of CN108127502A publication Critical patent/CN108127502A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN108127502B publication Critical patent/CN108127502B/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B9/00Machines or devices designed for grinding edges or bevels on work or for removing burrs; Accessories therefor
    • B24B9/02Machines or devices designed for grinding edges or bevels on work or for removing burrs; Accessories therefor characterised by a special design with respect to properties of materials specific to articles to be ground
    • B24B9/04Machines or devices designed for grinding edges or bevels on work or for removing burrs; Accessories therefor characterised by a special design with respect to properties of materials specific to articles to be ground of metal, e.g. skate blades
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B29/00Machines or devices for polishing surfaces on work by means of tools made of soft or flexible material with or without the application of solid or liquid polishing agents
    • B24B29/005Machines or devices for polishing surfaces on work by means of tools made of soft or flexible material with or without the application of solid or liquid polishing agents using brushes

Abstract

The present invention relates to field of machining,It is especially a kind of burr removing method of gear,The method is realized based on the burr remover of a gear,The burr remover of the gear includes rotating mechanism,Detent mechanism,First burring mechanism,Switching mechanism,Second burring mechanism and testing agency,The rotating mechanism includes electric rotating machine and workbench,The upper end of workbench is set there are six groove,Detent mechanism includes six positioning components,Each positioning component includes driving motor,Support tray,Mounting disc and positioning column,The middle part of Support tray is equipped with link slot,Internal thread is equipped in link slot,The lower end of positioning column is equipped with external screw thread,The middle part of mounting disc is equipped with through-hole,The side wall of through-hole is equipped with internal thread,The middle part of positioning column is equipped with the external screw thread with the internal thread thread fitting on through-hole side wall,The upper end of positioning column is equipped with pressing part,The present invention passes through six station rotaries work Gearburr removing working efficiency highers,It is and whether qualified by testing agency's detection Gearburr removing result.

Description

A kind of burr removing method of gear
Technical field
The present invention relates to field of machining, are especially a kind of burr removing method of gear.
Background technology
Burr is metal casting, milling, plating term.There are remaining bits and is known as burr in metalwork surface, and burr is more, Quality standard is lower, although this pocket-handkerchief of burr is little, but directly influences the quality of product.So recent years With the attention that every profession and trade removes burr, particularly some precision gears, if the use of gear can be seriously affected by burr, Currently on the market there are many deburring machine, however these deburring machines are required for hand fit, and deburring is less efficient, and Also no testing agency is detected the result of product deburring.
Invention content
It is mentioned above in the background art to solve the purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of burr removing method of gear Problem.
The technical scheme is that:A kind of burr removing method of gear is provided, the method is to use a gear unhairing Thorn device realizes that the Burr removal apparatus for wheel gear includes rotating mechanism, detent mechanism, the first burring mechanism, switching mechanism, the Two burring mechanisms and testing agency, the detent mechanism, the first burring mechanism, switching mechanism, the second burring mechanism and Testing agency is circumferentially distributed in the side of rotating mechanism successively, and the rotating mechanism includes electric rotating machine and rounded structure Workbench, the output terminal of the electric rotating machine set and are connect with table drive straight up, and the upper end of workbench is equipped with six A groove being circumferentially distributed, the detent mechanism include six positioning components, and six positioning components are separately mounted to six In a groove, each positioning component includes driving motor, Support tray, mounting disc and positioning column, and the driving motor is in vertical It is arranged in groove, the output terminal of driving motor is sequentially connected with Support tray, and the middle part of Support tray is equipped with link slot, in link slot Equipped with internal thread, the lower end of positioning column is equipped with the external screw thread with internal thread thread fitting, and the middle part of mounting disc is equipped with through-hole, through-hole Side wall be equipped with internal thread, the middle part of positioning column is equipped with the external screw thread with the internal thread thread fitting on through-hole side wall, described The upper end of positioning column is equipped with pressing part.
First burring mechanism includes the first erecting bed, the first cylinder, the first guide rail, the second motor and first mao Brush, for first guide rail in being vertically installed on the side wall of the first erecting bed, the first guide rail is equipped with the to be slidably matched with it One sliding block, the upper end of the first sliding block are fixedly connected with the output terminal of the first cylinder, and the first cylinder is fixedly mounted on the first erecting bed Side wall on and its output terminal set straight down, the second motor is in horizontally disposed and be fixedly connected with the first sliding block, the second electricity The output terminal of machine and the first hairbrush are sequentially connected.
The switching mechanism includes the second erecting bed, the second cylinder and the first gas folder, second cylinder and is mounted on second The output terminal of the upper end of erecting bed and the second cylinder is set straight down, and the first gas folder is fixedly connected with the output terminal of the second cylinder And first gas folder output terminal horizontally toward driving motor set, the first gas folder two clamps on the inside of be equipped in semicircle shape The first fixture block, be equipped with upset motor on the outside of two clamps of the first gas folder, upset motor is in horizontally disposed and it is exported Towards the first fixture block, the output terminal of two upset motors connects with two the first fixture block transmissions respectively through two clamps at end It connects.
Second burring mechanism includes third erecting bed, third cylinder, the second guide rail, third motor and second mao Brush, for second guide rail in being vertically installed on the side wall of third erecting bed, the second guide rail is equipped with the to be slidably matched with it Two sliding blocks, the upper end of the second sliding block are fixedly connected with the output terminal of third cylinder, and third cylinder is fixedly mounted on third erecting bed Side wall on and its output terminal set straight down, third motor is in horizontally disposed and be fixedly connected with the second sliding block, third electricity The output terminal of machine and the second hairbrush are sequentially connected.
The burr removing method of the gear includes the following steps:
(1)Being rotated by electric rotating machine drives workbench to rotate, to be added on workbench drive detent mechanism and detent mechanism When work gear is turned under the first burring mechanism, the second motor can be driven by the first sliding block of work of the first cylinder It is slided up and down on the first guide rail so that the first hairbrush can be rotated close to gear and under the work of the second motor to gear Carry out deburring work;
(2)It is turned to below switching mechanism by electric rotating machine band moving gear, is pressed from both sides by the first gas by the gear on detent mechanism It clamps, the second cylinder operation band moving gear rises, and two upset motors on the first gas folder work so that two the later Gear is overturn 180 degree by the rotation of one fixture block;
(3)General who has surrendered's gear is put back in positioning device under second cylinder, and gear is turned to the second deburring machine by driving motor work The lower section of structure can drive third motor to be done on the second guide rail and glide by the second sliding block of work of third cylinder It is dynamic so that the second hairbrush can be rotated close to gear and under the work of third motor to gear progress deburring work;
(4)Ultrasonic wave is occurred by ultrasonic transmitter, added reflected ultrasonic wave by ultrasonic receiver and will be received To information pass to analytical equipment, with determine Gearburr removing it is whether qualified.
After whether the determining Gearburr removing is qualified, if testing result is unqualified, by electric rotating machine band moving gear Pass through detent mechanism, the first burring mechanism, switching mechanism and the second burring mechanism successively again.
The pressing part includes guide rod, slip ring, terminal pad, the first motor, the first winding roll and the second winding roll, institute It states slip ring to be set on guide rod, terminal pad, the first motor, the first winding roll and the second winding roll are installed in the upper of guide rod It holds, is set on slip ring there are four the pressing item being circumferentially distributed, pressing item is hinged close to one end of slip ring with slip ring, The lower end for pressing item is equipped with several rubber convex grains, and each press is equipped with connection strap above item, and connection strap is close to slip ring One end be located at pressing item top and be hinged with slip ring, the one end of connection strap far from slip ring with pressing item middle part cut with scissors It connects, the lower end of terminal pad is fixedly connected with the upper end of guide rod, spring is equipped between terminal pad and slip ring, the upper end of spring is under End is fixedly connected respectively with terminal pad and slip ring, is set in terminal pad there are two the through hole being symmetrical set, the first motor is in Be horizontally set on the upper end of mounting disc, the output terminal of the first motor is equipped with first gear, the first winding roll and the second winding roll it Between be fixedly connected by shaft, the both ends of shaft are equipped with the mounting bracket for installing shaft, and the middle part of shaft is equipped with and the first tooth The second gear of engagement is taken turns, the coupled connecting rope in one end is equipped on the first winding roll and the second winding roll, connecting rope The other end both passes through a through hole and is fixedly connected with the upper end of slip ring.
If testing result is unqualified, by electric rotating machine band moving gear again successively by detent mechanism, detent mechanism work again When making, when gear will be placed on positioning component, be first worked by driving motor and first gear caused to drive second gear rotation, First winding roll and the second winding roll rotate so that two connecting ropes shrink and draw high slip ring upwards, by pressing item and connection Item is packed up, and the hole of gear centre is socketed on positioning column, and when needing to compress gear, driving motor rotates backward, slip ring It compresses downwards under the action of the spring, and pressing item and connection strap expansion is pressed on gear, press the rubber convex of a lower end Grain can increase the frictional force between pressing item and gear.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the testing agency includes the 4th erecting bed, ultrasonic probe, analysis dress It puts, control device and clamp assemblies, the ultrasonic probe are fixedly connected with the 4th erecting bed and positioned at the rotations of positioning component The surface of route, ultrasonic probe include ultrasonic transmitter and ultrasonic receiver, analytical equipment and the equal position of clamp assemblies In the side of the 4th erecting bed.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the clamp assemblies include the 5th erecting bed, the 4th motor, rotating arm, the Four cylinders and the second gas folder, the 4th motor is mounted on the upper end of the 5th erecting bed and the output terminal of the 4th motor is set straight up Put, the output terminal of one end of rotating arm and the 4th motor is sequentially connected, the 4th cylinder be fixedly mounted on the other end of rotating arm and The output terminal of 4th cylinder is set straight down, the rear end and the 4th cylinder of the setting straight down of the second gas folder and the second gas folder Output terminal is fixedly connected, and the second fixture block for being secured to connection is equipped on two clamps of the second gas folder.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the present invention provides a kind of burr removing method of gear herein by improving, with The prior art is compared, have the advantages that as follows improve and:The present invention is rotated by electric rotating machine drives workbench to rotate, workbench band Work gear to be added rotation on dynamic detent mechanism and detent mechanism simultaneously passes through the first burring mechanism, switching mechanism, the successively Two burring mechanisms and testing agency, complete the deburring work of gear, and six station rotaries work so that Gearburr removing work Make more efficient, reduction manual labor amount, and whether qualified by testing agency's detection Gearburr removing result, if unqualified, energy It is enough that processing one week is continued by machinery band moving gear, gear is made to remove burr completely totally.
Description of the drawings
The present invention is further explained with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples:
Fig. 1 is the vertical view of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the sectional perspective structure diagram one of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the local broken away view of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the sectional perspective structure diagram two of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the sectional perspective structure diagram three of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is the sectional perspective structure diagram four of the present invention;
Fig. 7 is the enlarged drawing at A in Fig. 6;
Fig. 8 is the sectional perspective structure diagram five of the present invention;
Fig. 9 is the sectional perspective structure diagram six of the present invention;
Figure 10 is the sectional perspective structure diagram seven of the present invention;
Reference sign:
Rotating mechanism 1, electric rotating machine 1a, workbench 1b, groove 1b1, detent mechanism 2, positioning component 2a, driving motor 2a1 are held Pallet 2a2, link slot 2a2a, mounting disc 2a3, through-hole 2a3a, positioning column 2a4, pressing part 2a5, guide rod 2a5a, slip ring 2a5b, terminal pad 2a5c, the first motor 2a5d, the first winding roll 2a5e, the second winding roll 2a5f press a 2a5g, connection strap 2a5h, spring 2a5i, first gear 2a5j, second gear 2a5k, through hole 2a5l, mounting bracket 2a5m, connecting rope 2a5n, first Burring mechanism 3, the first erecting bed 3a, the first cylinder 3b, the first guide rail 3c, the second motor 3d, the first hairbrush 3e, the first sliding block 3f, switching mechanism 4, the second erecting bed 4a, the second cylinder 4b, the first gas folder 4c, the first fixture block 4d, upset motor 4e, second goes Burr mechanism 5, third erecting bed 5a, third cylinder 5b, the second guide rail 5c, third motor 5d, the second hairbrush 5e, testing agency 6, 4th erecting bed 6a, ultrasonic probe 6b, analytical equipment 6c, clamp assemblies 6d, the 5th erecting bed 6d1, the 4th motor 6d2, rotation Pivoted arm 6d3, the 4th cylinder 6d4, the second gas folder 6d5, the second fixture block 6d6, collecting box 7.
Specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with attached drawing 1- Figure 10, the present invention is described in detail, to the technical solution in the embodiment of the present invention into Row clearly and completely describes, it is clear that described embodiment is only the reality of part of the embodiment of the present invention rather than whole Apply example.Based on the embodiments of the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art are obtained without making creative work Every other embodiment, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
The present invention provides a kind of burr removing method of gear herein by improving, and the method is to use a Gearburr removing Device is realized, as shown in Fig. 1-Figure 10, the Burr removal apparatus for wheel gear includes rotating mechanism 1, detent mechanism 2, the first deburring Mechanism 3, switching mechanism 4, the second burring mechanism 5 and testing agency 6, the detent mechanism 2, the first burring mechanism 3, overturning Mechanism 4, the second burring mechanism 5 and testing agency 6 are circumferentially distributed in the side of rotating mechanism 1, the rotating mechanism 1 successively Workbench 1b including electric rotating machine 1a and rounded structure, the output terminal of the electric rotating machine 1a is set straight up and and work Make platform 1b drive connections, the upper end of workbench 1b is set there are six the groove 1b1 being circumferentially distributed, and the detent mechanism 2 includes six A positioning component 2a, six positioning component 2a are separately mounted in six groove 1b1, and each positioning component 2a includes driving Dynamic motor 2a1, Support tray 2a2, mounting disc 2a3 and positioning column 2a4, the driving motor 2a1 are in be vertically arranged in groove 1b1 Interior, output terminal and the Support tray 2a2 of driving motor 2a1 are sequentially connected, and the middle part of Support tray 2a2 is equipped with link slot 2a2a, connection It is equipped with internal thread in slot 2a2a, the lower end of positioning column 2a4 is equipped with the external screw thread with internal thread thread fitting, in mounting disc 2a3 Portion is equipped with through-hole 2a3a, and the side wall of through-hole 2a3a is equipped with internal thread, the middle part of positioning column 2a4 be equipped with on through-hole 2a3a side walls Internal thread thread fitting external screw thread, the upper end of the positioning column 2a4 is equipped with pressing part 2a5;Turned by electric rotating machine 1a Dynamic to drive workbench 1b rotations, workbench 1b drives the work gear to be added rotation on detent mechanism 2 and detent mechanism 2 and successively Add by the first burring mechanism 3, switching mechanism 4, the second burring mechanism 5 and testing agency 6, the deburring for completing gear Work.
The pressing part 2a5 includes guide rod 2a5a, slip ring 2a5b, terminal pad 2a5c, the first motor 2a5d, the first volume Drum 2a5e and the second winding roll 2a5f, the slip ring 2a5b are set on guide rod 2a5a, terminal pad 2a5c, the first motor 2a5d, the first winding roll 2a5e and the second winding roll 2a5f are installed in the upper end of guide rod 2a5a, and slip ring 2a5b's is equipped with Four pressing 2a5g being circumferentially distributed, pressing 2a5g are hinged close to one end of slip ring 2a5b with slip ring 2a5b, The lower end for pressing a 2a5g is equipped with several rubber convex grains, and each press is equipped with connection strap 2a5h above a 2a5g, connects 2a5h is located at the top of pressing 2a5g close to one end of slip ring 2a5b and is hinged with slip ring 2a5b, and connection strap 2a5h is remote One end from slip ring 2a5b is hinged with pressing the middle part of a 2a5g, and the lower end and the upper end of guide rod 2a5a of terminal pad 2a5c are fixed Connection, is equipped with spring 2a5i between terminal pad 2a5c and slip ring 2a5b, the top and bottom of spring 2a5i respectively with terminal pad 2a5c is fixedly connected with slip ring 2a5b, sets that there are two the through hole 2a5l that is symmetrical set, the first motors on terminal pad 2a5c 2a5d is in the upper end for being horizontally set on mounting disc 2a3, and the output terminal of the first motor 2a5d is equipped with first gear 2a5j, the first spiral It is fixedly connected between disk 2a5e and the second winding roll 2a5f by shaft, the both ends of shaft are equipped with the mounting bracket for installing shaft 2a5m, the middle part of shaft are equipped with the second gear 2a5k, the first winding roll 2a5e and the second spiral that are engaged with first gear 2a5j The coupled connecting rope 2a5n in one end is equipped on disk 2a5f, the other end of connecting rope 2a5n both passes through a through hole 2a5l It is fixedly connected with the upper end of slip ring 2a5b;When gear will be placed on positioning component 2a, first made by driving motor 2a1 work It obtains first gear 2a5j and drives second gear 2a5k rotations, the first winding roll 2a5e and the second winding roll 2a5f are rotated so that two Connecting rope 2a5n shrinks and draws high slip ring 2a5b upwards, pressing 2a5g and connection strap 2a5h is packed up, by gear centre Hole be socketed on positioning column 2a4, when need compress gear when, driving motor 2a1 is rotated backward, and slip ring 2a5b is in spring It is compressed downwards under the action of 2a5i, and pressing 2a5g and connection strap 2a5h expansion is pressed on gear, pressed under a 2a5g The rubber convex grain at end can increase frictional force of the pressing between 2a5g and gear.
First burring mechanism 3 includes the first erecting bed 3a, the first cylinder 3b, the first guide rail 3c, the second motor 3d With the first hairbrush 3e, the first guide rail 3c in being vertically installed on the side wall of the first erecting bed 3a, the first guide rail 3c is equipped with The first sliding block 3f being slidably matched with it, the upper end of the first sliding block 3f are fixedly connected with the output terminal of the first cylinder 3b, the first gas Cylinder 3b is fixedly mounted on the side wall of the first erecting bed 3a and its output terminal is set straight down, and the second motor 3d is in horizontally disposed And be fixedly connected with the first sliding block 3f, the output terminal of the second motor 3d and the first hairbrush 3e are sequentially connected;Pass through the first cylinder 3b Work enable the first sliding block 3f that the second motor 3d is driven to be slided up and down on the first guide rail 3c so that the first hairbrush 3e It can be rotated close to gear and under the work of the second motor 3d to gear progress deburring work.
The switching mechanism 4 includes the second erecting bed 4a, the second cylinder 4b and the first gas folder 4c, the second cylinder 4b peaces Output terminal mounted in the upper end of the second erecting bed 4a and the second cylinder 4b is set straight down, the first gas folder 4c and the second cylinder 4b Output terminal be fixedly connected and the output terminal of the first gas folder 4c horizontally toward driving motor 2a1 is set, the first gas folder two of 4c The first fixture block 4d in semicircle shape is equipped on the inside of clamp, upset motor is equipped on the outside of two clamps of the first gas folder 4c In horizontally disposed and its output terminal towards the first fixture block 4d, the output terminal of two upset motor 4e passes through by 4e, upset motor 4e Two clamps are worn to be sequentially connected with two the first fixture block 4d respectively;4c is pressed from both sides by the first gas to clamp the gear on detent mechanism 2, Second cylinder 4b work band moving gears rise, and two upset motor 4e on the first gas folder 4c work so that two the later Gear is overturn 180 degree by one fixture block 4d rotations, and general who has surrendered's gear is put back in positioning device under the second cylinder 4b later.
Second burring mechanism 5 includes third erecting bed 5a, third cylinder 5b, the second guide rail 5c, third motor 5d With the second hairbrush 5e, the second guide rail 5c in being vertically installed on the side wall of third erecting bed 5a, the second guide rail 5c is equipped with The second sliding block being slidably matched with it, the upper end of the second sliding block are fixedly connected with the output terminal of third cylinder 5b, third cylinder 5b Be fixedly mounted on the side wall of third erecting bed 5a and its output terminal set straight down, third motor 5d in it is horizontally disposed and with Second sliding block is fixedly connected, and the output terminal of third motor 5d and the second hairbrush 5e are sequentially connected;Pass through the work of third cylinder 5b Enable the second sliding block that third motor 5d is driven to be slided up and down on the second guide rail 5c so that the second hairbrush 5e can be close to Gear is simultaneously rotated under the work of third motor 5d to gear progress deburring work.
The testing agency 6 includes the 4th erecting bed 6a, ultrasonic probe 6b, analytical equipment 6c, control device and clamping Component 6d, the ultrasonic probe 6b be fixedly connected with the 4th erecting bed 6a and positioned at positioning component 2a rotation route just on Side, ultrasonic probe 6b include ultrasonic transmitter and ultrasonic receiver, and analytical equipment 6c and clamp assemblies 6d are respectively positioned on the The side of four erecting bed 6a;Ultrasonic wave is occurred by ultrasonic transmitter, reflected ultrasound is added by ultrasonic receiver The information received is simultaneously passed to analytical equipment 6c by wave, to determine whether Gearburr removing is qualified.
The clamp assemblies 6d includes the 5th erecting bed 6d1, the 4th motor 6d2, rotating arm 6d3, the 4th cylinder 6d4 and the Two gas press from both sides 6d5, and output terminals of the 4th motor 6d2 mounted on the upper end of the 5th erecting bed 6d1 and the 4th motor 6d2 is set straight up It puts, one end of rotating arm 6d3 and the output terminal of the 4th motor 6d2 are sequentially connected, and the 4th cylinder 6d4 is fixedly mounted on rotating arm The output terminal of the other end of 6d3 and the 4th cylinder 6d4 are set straight down, and the second gas folder 6d5 is set straight down and the second gas The rear end of folder 6d5 is fixedly connected with the output terminal of the 4th cylinder 6d4, is equipped on two clamps of the second gas folder 6d5 solid with it Surely the second fixture block 6d6 connected;If Gearburr removing is qualified, the gear is clamped, and by the 4th gas by the second gas folder 6d5 Cylinder 6d4 drives the gear to rise, and the 4th motor 6d2 rotations move away gear.
The side of the second erecting bed 4a is equipped with collecting box 7;Detecting qualified gear can be by clamp assemblies 6d by the tooth Wheel is placed in collecting box 7.
The burr removing method of the gear includes the following steps:
(1)It is rotated by electric rotating machine 1a and drives workbench 1b rotations, workbench 1b drives detent mechanism 2 and detent mechanism 2 On work gear to be added when turning under the first burring mechanism 3, pass through work the first sliding block 3f energy of the first cylinder 3b The second motor 3d is enough driven to be slided up and down on the first guide rail 3c so that the first hairbrush 3e can be close to gear and in the second electricity Rotation carries out deburring work to gear under the work of machine 3d;
(2)4 lower section of switching mechanism is turned to by electric rotating machine (1a) band moving gear, 4c is pressed from both sides by detent mechanism 2 by the first gas On gear clamp, the second cylinder 4b work band moving gear rise, later positioned at the first gas folder 4c on two upset motor 4e Work is so that gear is overturn 180 degree by two the first fixture block 4d rotations;
(3)General who has surrendered's gear is put back in positioning device under second cylinder 4b, and gear is turned to the second unhairing by driving motor 2a1 work The lower section of mechanism 5 is pierced, third motor 5d can be driven in the second guide rail 5c by the second sliding block of work of third cylinder 5b On slide up and down so that the second hairbrush 5e can be rotated close to gear and under the work of third motor 5d gear is gone Burr works;
(4)Ultrasonic wave is occurred by ultrasonic transmitter, added reflected ultrasonic wave by ultrasonic receiver and will be received To information pass to analytical equipment 6c, with determine Gearburr removing it is whether qualified.
After whether the determining Gearburr removing is qualified, if testing result is unqualified, by electric rotating machine (1a) band moving gear Pass through detent mechanism successively again(2), the first burring mechanism (3), switching mechanism (4) and the second burring mechanism (5).
If testing result is unqualified, detent mechanism is passed through by electric rotating machine (1a) band moving gear successively again(2), localization machine Structure(2)When working again, when gear will be placed on positioning component (2a), first worked by driving motor (2a1) so that the first tooth Taking turns (2a5j) drives second gear (2a5k) to rotate, and the first winding roll (2a5e) and the second winding roll (2a5f) are rotated so that two Connecting rope 2a5n shrinks and draws high slip ring 2a5b upwards, pressing 2a5g and connection strap 2a5h is packed up, by gear centre Hole be socketed on positioning column 2a4, when need compress gear when, driving motor 2a1 is rotated backward, and slip ring 2a5b is in spring It is compressed downwards under the action of 2a5i, and pressing 2a5g and connection strap 2a5h expansion is pressed on gear, pressed under a 2a5g The rubber convex grain at end can increase frictional force of the pressing between 2a5g and gear.
The operation principle of the present invention:
It is rotated by electric rotating machine 1a and drives workbench 1b rotations, workbench 1b is driven on detent mechanism 2 and detent mechanism 2 It, being capable of band by the first sliding block of work 3f of the first cylinder 3b when work gear to be added is turned under the first burring mechanism 3 Dynamic second motor 3d is slided up and down on the first guide rail 3c so that the first hairbrush 3e can be close to gear and in the second motor 3d Work under rotation deburring work is carried out to gear, then the lower section of switching mechanism 4 is turned to by electric rotating machine 1a band moving gears, 4c is pressed from both sides by the first gas to clamp the gear on detent mechanism 2, the second cylinder 4b work band moving gears rise, later positioned at first Two upset motor 4e on gas folder 4c, which work, causes two the first fixture block 4d are rotated gear is overturn 180 degree, later the second gas General who has surrendered's gear is put back in positioning device under cylinder 4b, and driving motor 2a1 work turns to gear under the second burring mechanism 5 Side, can drive third motor 5d to be done on the second guide rail 5c and glide by the second sliding block of work of third cylinder 5b It is dynamic so that the second hairbrush 5e can be rotated close to gear and under the work of third motor 5d to gear progress deburring work, Later, ultrasonic wave is occurred by ultrasonic transmitter, is added reflected ultrasonic wave by ultrasonic receiver and will be received Information pass to analytical equipment 6c, with determine Gearburr removing it is whether qualified, if Gearburr removing is qualified, by the second gas folder 6d5 clamps the gear, and the gear is driven to rise by the 4th cylinder 6d4, and gear is transferred to receipts by the 4th motor 6d2 rotations In header 7, if testing result is unqualified, by electric rotating machine 1a bands moving gear again successively by detent mechanism 2, the first deburring Mechanism 3,4 and second burring mechanism 5 of switching mechanism;When detent mechanism 2 works again, when gear will be placed on positioning component 2a When, it is first worked by driving motor 2a1 so that first gear 2a5j drives second gear 2a5k rotation, the first winding roll 2a5e and the Two winding roll 2a5f are rotated so that two connecting rope 2a5n shrink and draw high slip ring 2a5b upwards, by pressing 2a5g and company Narrow bars 2a5h is packed up, and the hole of gear centre is socketed on positioning column 2a4, and when needing to compress gear, driving motor 2a1 is reversed Rotation, slip ring 2a5b are compressed downwards under the action of spring 2a5i, and pressing 2a5g and connection strap 2a5h expansion is compressed On gear, the rubber convex grain of pressing 2a5g lower ends can increase frictional force of the pressing between 2a5g and gear.
The foregoing description of the disclosed embodiments enables professional and technical personnel in the field to realize or use the present invention. A variety of modifications of these embodiments will be apparent for those skilled in the art, it is as defined herein General Principle can be realized in other embodiments without departing from the spirit or scope of the present invention.Therefore, it is of the invention The embodiments shown herein is not intended to be limited to, and is to fit to and the principles and novel features disclosed herein phase one The most wide range caused.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of burr removing method of gear, the method is realized using a Burr removal apparatus for wheel gear, it is characterised in that:It is described Burr removal apparatus for wheel gear includes rotating mechanism(1), detent mechanism(2), the first burring mechanism(3), switching mechanism(4), second Burring mechanism(5)And testing agency(6), the detent mechanism(2), the first burring mechanism(3), switching mechanism(4), second Burring mechanism(5)And testing agency(6)It is circumferentially distributed in rotating mechanism successively(1)Side, the rotating mechanism(1)Packet Include electric rotating machine(1a)With the workbench of rounded structure(1b), the electric rotating machine(1a)Output terminal set straight up and With workbench(1b)It is sequentially connected, workbench(1b)Upper end set that there are six the grooves that are circumferentially distributed(1b1), the localization machine Structure(2)Including six positioning components(2a), six positioning components(2a)It is separately mounted to six grooves(1b1)It is interior, each Positioning component(2a)Include driving motor(2a1), Support tray(2a2), mounting disc(2a3)And positioning column(2a4), the driving Motor(2a1)In being vertically arranged in groove(1b1)It is interior, driving motor(2a1)Output terminal and Support tray(2a2)It is sequentially connected, Support tray(2a2)Middle part be equipped with link slot(2a2a), link slot(2a2a)It is interior to be equipped with internal thread, positioning column(2a4)Lower end Equipped with the external screw thread with internal thread thread fitting, mounting disc(2a3)Middle part be equipped with through-hole(2a3a), through-hole(2a3a)Side wall It is equipped with internal thread, positioning column(2a4)Middle part be equipped with and through-hole(2a3a)The external screw thread of internal thread thread fitting on side wall, The positioning column(2a4)Upper end be equipped with pressing part(2a5);
First burring mechanism(3)Including the first erecting bed(3a), the first cylinder(3b), the first guide rail(3c), second electricity Machine(3d)With the first hairbrush(3e), first guide rail(3c)In being vertically installed at the first erecting bed(3a)Side wall on, first Guide rail(3c)It is equipped with the first sliding block being slidably matched with it(3f), the first sliding block(3f)Upper end and the first cylinder(3b)It is defeated Outlet is fixedly connected, the first cylinder(3b)It is fixedly mounted on the first erecting bed(3a)Side wall on and its output terminal set straight down It puts, the second motor(3d)In it is horizontally disposed and with the first sliding block(3f)It is fixedly connected, the second motor(3d)Output terminal and first Hairbrush(3e)It is sequentially connected;
The switching mechanism(4)Including the second erecting bed(4a), the second cylinder(4b)It is pressed from both sides with the first gas(4c), second cylinder (4b)Mounted on the second erecting bed(4a)Upper end and the second cylinder(4b)Output terminal set straight down, the first gas folder(4c) With the second cylinder(4b)Output terminal be fixedly connected and the first gas press from both sides(4c)Output terminal horizontally toward driving motor(2a1)If It puts, the first gas folder(4c)Two clamps on the inside of be equipped with the first fixture block in semicircle shape(4d), the first gas folder(4c)Two Upset motor is equipped on the outside of a clamp(4e), upset motor(4e)In horizontally disposed and its output terminal towards the first fixture block (4d), two upset motors(4e)Output terminal through two clamps respectively with two the first fixture blocks(4d)It is sequentially connected;
Second burring mechanism(5)Including third erecting bed(5a), third cylinder(5b), the second guide rail(5c), third electricity Machine(5d)With the second hairbrush(5e), second guide rail(5c)In being vertically installed at third erecting bed(5a)Side wall on, second Guide rail(5c)It is equipped with the second sliding block being slidably matched with it, upper end and the third cylinder of the second sliding block(5b)Output terminal fix Connection, third cylinder(5b)It is fixedly mounted on third erecting bed(5a)Side wall on and its output terminal set straight down, third Motor(5d)In horizontally disposed and be fixedly connected with the second sliding block, third motor(5d)Output terminal and the second hairbrush(5e)Transmission Connection;
The burr removing method of the gear includes the following steps:
(1)It is rotated by electric rotating machine 1a and drives workbench 1b rotations, workbench 1b drives detent mechanism 2 and detent mechanism 2 On work gear to be added when turning under the first burring mechanism 3, pass through work the first sliding block 3f energy of the first cylinder 3b The second motor 3d is enough driven to be slided up and down on the first guide rail 3c so that the first hairbrush 3e can be close to gear and in the second electricity Rotation carries out deburring work to gear under the work of machine 3d;
(2)4 lower section of switching mechanism is turned to by electric rotating machine (1a) band moving gear, 4c is pressed from both sides by detent mechanism 2 by the first gas On gear clamp, the second cylinder 4b work band moving gear rise, later positioned at the first gas folder 4c on two upset motor 4e Work is so that gear is overturn 180 degree by two the first fixture block 4d rotations;
(3)General who has surrendered's gear is put back in positioning device under second cylinder 4b, and gear is turned to the second unhairing by driving motor 2a1 work The lower section of mechanism 5 is pierced, third motor 5d can be driven in the second guide rail 5c by the second sliding block of work of third cylinder 5b On slide up and down so that the second hairbrush 5e can be rotated close to gear and under the work of third motor 5d gear is gone Burr works;
(4)Ultrasonic wave is occurred by ultrasonic transmitter, added reflected ultrasonic wave by ultrasonic receiver and will be received To information pass to analytical equipment 6c, with determine Gearburr removing it is whether qualified.
2. a kind of burr removing method of gear according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The determining Gearburr removing Whether it is qualified after, if testing result is unqualified, detent mechanism is passed through by electric rotating machine (1a) band moving gear successively again(2)、 First burring mechanism (3), switching mechanism (4) and the second burring mechanism (5).
3. a kind of burr removing method of gear according to claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that:The pressing part(2a5) Including guide rod(2a5a), slip ring(2a5b), terminal pad(2a5c), the first motor(2a5d), the first winding roll(2a5e)With Two winding rolls(2a5f), the slip ring(2a5b)It is set in guide rod(2a5a)On, terminal pad(2a5c), the first motor (2a5d), the first winding roll(2a5e)With the second winding roll(2a5f)It is installed in guide rod(2a5a)Upper end, slip ring (2a5b)On set that there are four the pressing items that are circumferentially distributed(2a5g), press item(2a5g)Close to slip ring(2a5b)One end And slip ring(2a5b)It is hinged, press item(2a5g)Lower end be equipped with several rubber convex grains, each press item(2a5g)'s Top is equipped with connection strap(2a5h), connection strap(2a5h)Close to slip ring(2a5b)One end be located at pressing item(2a5g)It is upper Side and and slip ring(2a5b)It is hinged, connection strap(2a5h)Far from slip ring(2a5b)One end with pressing item(2a5g)Middle part It is hinged, terminal pad(2a5c)Lower end and guide rod(2a5a)Upper end be fixedly connected, terminal pad(2a5c)And slip ring(2a5b) Between be equipped with spring(2a5i), spring(2a5i)Top and bottom respectively with terminal pad(2a5c)And slip ring(2a5b)It is fixed Connection, terminal pad(2a5c)On set that there are two the through holes that are symmetrical set(2a5l), the first motor(2a5d)In horizontally disposed In mounting disc(2a3)Upper end, the first motor(2a5d)Output terminal be equipped with first gear(2a5j), the first winding roll(2a5e) With the second winding roll(2a5f)Between be fixedly connected by shaft, the both ends of shaft are equipped with the mounting bracket for installing shaft (2a5m), the middle part of shaft is equipped with and first gear(2a5j)The second gear of engagement(2a5k), the first winding roll(2a5e)With Second winding roll(2a5f)On be equipped with the coupled connecting rope in one end(2a5n), connecting rope(2a5n)The other end both pass through One through hole(2a5l)With slip ring(2a5b)Upper end be fixedly connected.
4. a kind of burr removing method of gear according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:If testing result is unqualified, Detent mechanism is passed through by electric rotating machine (1a) band moving gear successively again(2), detent mechanism(2)When working again, when gear will be placed When on positioning component (2a), first worked by driving motor (2a1) so that first gear (2a5j) drives second gear (2a5k) Rotation, the first winding roll (2a5e) and the second winding roll (2a5f) rotate so that two connecting rope 2a5n contractions and by slip ring 2a5b is drawn high upwards, and pressing 2a5g and connection strap 2a5h is packed up, the hole of gear centre is socketed on positioning column 2a4, when When needing to compress gear, driving motor 2a1 is rotated backward, and slip ring 2a5b is compressed downwards under the action of spring 2a5i, and will Pressing 2a5g and connection strap 2a5h expansion is pressed on gear, and the rubber convex grain of pressing 2a5g lower ends can increase pressing item Frictional force between 2a5g and gear.
5. a kind of burr remover of gear according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The testing agency(6)Including 4th erecting bed(6a), ultrasonic probe(6b), analytical equipment(6c), control device and clamp assemblies(6d), the ultrasonic wave Probe(6b)With the 4th erecting bed(6a)It is fixedly connected and positioned at positioning component(2a)Rotation route surface, ultrasonic wave visit Head(6b)Including ultrasonic transmitter and ultrasonic receiver, analytical equipment(6c)And clamp assemblies(6d)It is respectively positioned on the 4th installation Platform(6a)Side.
6. a kind of burr remover of gear according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:The clamp assemblies(6d)Including 5th erecting bed(6d1), the 4th motor(6d2), rotating arm(6d3), the 4th cylinder(6d4)It is pressed from both sides with the second gas(6d5), the 4th electricity Machine(6d2)Mounted on the 5th erecting bed(6d1)Upper end and the 4th motor(6d2)Output terminal set straight up, rotating arm (6d3)One end and the 4th motor(6d2)Output terminal be sequentially connected, the 4th cylinder(6d4)It is fixedly mounted on rotating arm(6d3) The other end and the 4th cylinder(6d4)Output terminal set straight down, the second gas folder(6d5)Setting and the second gas straight down Folder(6d5)Rear end and the 4th cylinder(6d4)Output terminal be fixedly connected, the second gas folder(6d5)Two clamps on be equipped with It is secured to the second fixture block of connection(6d6).
CN201711422143.1A 2017-12-25 2017-12-25 A kind of burr removing method of gear Active CN108127502B (en)

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CN108746898A (en) * 2018-06-27 2018-11-06 南通市中吕齿轮有限公司 A kind of Gearburr removing technique
CN109158705A (en) * 2018-09-05 2019-01-08 合肥银泉铸造有限责任公司 A kind of Gear Processing burr remover
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