CN108001536A - Two-way telescopic vehicle frame and its method of work - Google Patents

Two-way telescopic vehicle frame and its method of work Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108001536A
CN108001536A CN201711378755.5A CN201711378755A CN108001536A CN 108001536 A CN108001536 A CN 108001536A CN 201711378755 A CN201711378755 A CN 201711378755A CN 108001536 A CN108001536 A CN 108001536A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
screw
seat
vehicle frame
aft ramp
way telescopic
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201711378755.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈毅龙
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Xiamen University Tan Kah Kee College
Original Assignee
Xiamen University Tan Kah Kee College
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Xiamen University Tan Kah Kee College filed Critical Xiamen University Tan Kah Kee College
Priority to CN201711378755.5A priority Critical patent/CN108001536A/en
Publication of CN108001536A publication Critical patent/CN108001536A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60NSEATS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR VEHICLES; VEHICLE PASSENGER ACCOMMODATION NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60N2/00Seats specially adapted for vehicles; Arrangement or mounting of seats in vehicles
    • B60N2/02Seats specially adapted for vehicles; Arrangement or mounting of seats in vehicles the seat or part thereof being movable, e.g. adjustable
    • B60N2/04Seats specially adapted for vehicles; Arrangement or mounting of seats in vehicles the seat or part thereof being movable, e.g. adjustable the whole seat being movable
    • B60N2/06Seats specially adapted for vehicles; Arrangement or mounting of seats in vehicles the seat or part thereof being movable, e.g. adjustable the whole seat being movable slidable
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60NSEATS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR VEHICLES; VEHICLE PASSENGER ACCOMMODATION NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60N2/00Seats specially adapted for vehicles; Arrangement or mounting of seats in vehicles
    • B60N2/02Seats specially adapted for vehicles; Arrangement or mounting of seats in vehicles the seat or part thereof being movable, e.g. adjustable
    • B60N2/04Seats specially adapted for vehicles; Arrangement or mounting of seats in vehicles the seat or part thereof being movable, e.g. adjustable the whole seat being movable
    • B60N2/16Seats specially adapted for vehicles; Arrangement or mounting of seats in vehicles the seat or part thereof being movable, e.g. adjustable the whole seat being movable height-adjustable
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B62LAND VEHICLES FOR TRAVELLING OTHERWISE THAN ON RAILS
    • B62DMOTOR VEHICLES; TRAILERS
    • B62D21/00Understructures, i.e. chassis frame on which a vehicle body may be mounted
    • B62D21/14Understructures, i.e. chassis frame on which a vehicle body may be mounted of adjustable length or width

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of two-way telescopic vehicle frame, including frame body, the front upper of the frame body is provided with preceding slide, the front carriages slid back and forth along it are provided with the preceding slide, front seat is provided with the front carriages, the rear upper of the frame body is provided with aft ramp, the rear balladeur train slid back and forth along it is provided with the aft ramp, after described rear vehicle seat is provided with balladeur train, lifting type support is provided with below the middle part of the frame body, middle vehicle seat is provided with the lifting type support;The invention further relates to a kind of method of work of two-way telescopic vehicle frame.Structure design of the present invention is simple, reasonable, and the bi-directional expansion of vehicle frame and the conversion of vehicle seat quantity can be realized according to actual conditions, and efficiently convenient, easily operated, flexibility is good, and practicality is high, has broad application prospects.

Description

Two-way telescopic vehicle frame and its method of work
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of two-way telescopic vehicle frame and its method of work.
Background technology
As economic life develops, requirement of the people to automotive seats digit is improving, as two tire policies open, Liang Paiwu The space of seat no longer meets the needs of three generations's trip, MPV(Multi-Purpose Vehicle)Automobile is in developed country ten Divide popularization, can also become a kind of fashion trend at home, on the other hand, there are traffic congestion, parking difficulty in domestic many places The problem of, the longer size of MPV automobiles is all a kind of inferior position in road passability and parking.Currently, people devise many The mode that the telescopic automobile scheme of vehicle frame, most of methods by varying wheelbase, such as vehicle frame and wheel move together is come Realize, so a kind of method certainly will influence whether chassis integral rigidity, while no matter the method unidirectionally moved is in traveling time, shifting Move distance and to all good not as way moving method in the rigidity effects of chassis.
The content of the invention
In view of the deficiencies in the prior art, the technical problems to be solved by the invention be to provide a kind of two-way telescopic vehicle frame and Its method of work, it is not only reasonable in design but also efficiently convenient.
In order to solve the above-mentioned technical problem, the technical scheme is that:A kind of two-way telescopic vehicle frame, including vehicle frame sheet Body, the front upper of the frame body are provided with preceding slide, the front carriages slid back and forth along it are provided with the preceding slide, Front seat is provided with the front carriages, the rear upper of the frame body is provided with aft ramp, is set on the aft ramp There is the rear balladeur train slid back and forth along it, be provided with rear vehicle seat on the rear balladeur train, be provided with below the middle part of the frame body Lifting type support, is provided with middle vehicle seat on the lifting type support.
Further, several rollers are arranged at intervals with the length direction of the preceding slide and aft ramp, before described Offered on the length direction of balladeur train and rear balladeur train to the matched cavity of corresponding roller.
Further, the roller includes longitudinally disposed bearing, and shaft, the shaft are horizontally arranged with the bearing Left and right ends be provided with a pair of turning wheels, before the bearing is fixed on slide or aft ramp, the runner is placed in corresponding In the cavity of front carriages or rear balladeur train.
Further, the front carriages and the left and right sides wall of rear balladeur train are both provided with the upper arc panel positioned, institute The left and right sides wall of slide and aft ramp is both provided with to accept the arc lower plate of arc panel before stating, and the arc lower plate is set Put has the movement clearance of 1 ~ 2mm between the lower section of upper arc panel, the upper arc panel and arc lower plate.
Further, screw is provided between the preceding slide and aft ramp, the screw is described by motor-driven rotation Be provided with front carriages to the matched preceding screw of screw, be provided with after described on balladeur train to screw it is matched after Screw, the preceding screw are opposite with the hand of spiral of rear screw.
Further, the front end of the screw is connected through bearing, front-end bearing pedestal with preceding slide, the rear end warp of the screw Bearing, rear bearing block are connected with aft ramp.
Further, the preceding slide on aft ramp with being both provided with travel switch.
Further, the frame body is connected through suspension with preceding bridge and rear axle.
Further, it is provided with to accommodate the seat of lifting type support and middle vehicle frame below the middle part of the frame body Storehouse, the side in the seat storehouse are provided with the battery compartment to placing battery.
A kind of method of work of two-way telescopic vehicle frame, comprising two-way telescopic vehicle frame described above, includes following step Suddenly:
(1)Front carriages are moved with front seat along preceding slide away from rear vehicle seat, and rear balladeur train is remote along aft ramp with rear vehicle seat Moved from front seat, vehicle seat rises during lifting type support drives, and realizes two dimensional development;
(2)Vehicle seat declines during lifting type support drives, and front carriages are moved with front seat along preceding slide close to rear vehicle seat, rear sliding Frame is moved with rear vehicle seat along aft ramp close to front seat, realizes two-way fold.
Compared with prior art, the invention has the advantages that:Structure design of the present invention is simple, reasonable, Ke Yigen The bi-directional expansion of vehicle frame and the conversion of vehicle seat quantity are realized according to actual conditions, efficiently convenient, easily operated, flexibility is good, practical Property it is high, have broad application prospects.
The present invention will be further described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings and detailed description.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the unitary construction schematic diagram of the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the organigram of slide and aft ramp before the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the organigram of front carriages of the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the organigram of balladeur train after the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is the organigram of roller of the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is slide and the organigram of front carriages before the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 7 is the organigram of frame body of the embodiment of the present invention.
View when Fig. 8 folds for the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 9 is the organigram when embodiment of the present invention is unfolded.
In figure:1- frame bodies, slide before 2-, 3- front carriages, 4- front seats, 5- aft ramps, balladeur train after 6-, 7- rear cars Seat, 8- lifting type supports, vehicle seat in 9-, 10- rollers, 101- bearings, 102- shafts, 103- runners, 11- cavitys, the upper arcs of 12- Plate, 13- arc lower plates, 14- screws, 15- motors, screw before 16-, screw after 17-, 18- front-end bearing pedestals, 19- rear bearing blocks, 20- travel switches, bridge before 21-, 22- rear axles, 23- seats storehouse, 24- battery compartments.
Embodiment
To make the foregoing features and advantages of the present invention clearer and more comprehensible, special embodiment below, and coordinate attached drawing, make detailed Carefully it is described as follows.
As shown in Fig. 1 ~ 9, a kind of two-way telescopic vehicle frame, including frame body 1, the front upper of the frame body 1 Preceding slide 2 is provided with, the front carriages 3 slid back and forth along it are provided with the preceding slide 2, before being provided with the front carriages 3 Vehicle seat 4, the rear upper of the frame body 1 are provided with aft ramp 5, are provided with what is slid back and forth along it on the aft ramp 5 Balladeur train 6 afterwards, it is described to be provided with rear vehicle seat 7 on balladeur train 6 afterwards, lifting type support 8 is provided with below the middle part of the frame body 1, Middle vehicle seat 9 is provided with the lifting type support 8.
In embodiments of the present invention, the preceding slide 2 on the length direction of aft ramp 5 with being arranged at intervals with several rollings Wheel 10, offer on the length direction of the front carriages 3 and rear balladeur train 6 to corresponding 10 matched cavity of roller 11。
In embodiments of the present invention, the roller 10 includes longitudinally disposed bearing 101, is laterally set on the bearing 101 Be equipped with shaft 102, the left and right ends of the shaft 102 are provided with a pair of turning wheels 103, before the bearing 101 is fixed on slide 2 or On aft ramp 5, the runner 103 is placed in the cavity 11 of corresponding front carriages 3 or rear balladeur train 6.
In embodiments of the present invention, the left and right sides wall of the front carriages 3 and rear balladeur train 6 is both provided with to position upper Arc panel 12, the left and right sides wall of the preceding slide 2 and aft ramp 5 are both provided with to accept the arc lower plate of arc panel 12 13, the arc lower plate 13 is arranged on the lower section of arc panel 12, between the upper arc panel 12 and arc lower plate 13 have 1 ~ The movement clearance of 2mm;The upper arc panel 12 is in hook solid, the upper arc panel 12 and arc lower plate 13 with arc lower plate 13 Cooperate, when current vehicle seat 4, rear vehicle seat 7 shake, upper arc panel 12 plays positioning together with encountering with arc lower plate 13 With the effect of carrying, under equilibrium state, there are 1 ~ 2mm gaps between the upper arc panel 12 and arc lower plate 13, to avoid slip When, the upper arc panel 12 and the generation resistance rubbing against one another of arc lower plate 13.
In embodiments of the present invention, screw 14 is provided between the preceding slide 2 and aft ramp 5, the screw 14 is by electricity The driving of machine 15 rotates, be provided with the front carriages 3 to the matched preceding screw 16 of screw 14, set after described on balladeur train 6 It is equipped with to opposite with the hand of spiral of rear screw 17 with the matched rear screw 17 of screw 14, the preceding screw 16.
In embodiments of the present invention, the front end of the screw 14 is connected through bearing, front-end bearing pedestal 18 with preceding slide 2, institute The rear end for stating screw 14 is connected through bearing, rear bearing block 19 with aft ramp 5.
In embodiments of the present invention, the preceding slide 2 on aft ramp 5 with being both provided with travel switch 20.
In embodiments of the present invention, the frame body 1 is connected through suspension with preceding bridge 21 and rear axle 22.
In embodiments of the present invention, it is provided with to accommodate lifting type support 8 below the middle part of the frame body 1 with The seat storehouse 23 of vehicle frame, the side in the seat storehouse 23 are provided with the battery compartment 24 to placing battery;The lifting type support 8 The shearing type lifter being driven by the cylinder can be used, depending on actual conditions, it is not limited to this.
In embodiments of the present invention, a kind of method of work of two-way telescopic vehicle frame, includes bi-directional expansion described above Formula vehicle frame, comprises the steps of:
(1)Front carriages 3 are moved with front seat 4 along preceding slide 2 away from rear vehicle seat 7, and rear balladeur train 6 is with rear vehicle seat 7 along rear Slide 5 is moved away from front seat 4, and vehicle seat 9 rises during lifting type support 8 drives, and realizes two dimensional development;
(2)Vehicle seat 9 declines during lifting type support 8 drives, and front carriages 3 are transported with front seat 4 along preceding slide 2 close to rear vehicle seat 7 Dynamic, rear balladeur train 6 is moved with rear vehicle seat 7 along aft ramp 5 close to front seat 4, realizes two-way fold.
In embodiments of the present invention, in step(1)In,
(1)Motor 15 drives screw 14 to rotate forward;
(2)Due to the hand of spiral of preceding screw 16 with the hand of spiral of rear screw 17 on the contrary, because screw 16 before this moves forward, after Screw 17 is moved rearwards, and preceding screw 16 is located remotely from each other with rear screw 17 along screw 14;
(3)Preceding screw 16 drives front carriages 3 to move forward, and preceding slide 2 can ensure that the moving resistance of front carriages 3 is small, and movement is smooth;
(4)Balladeur train 6 is moved rearwards after screw 17 drives afterwards, and aft ramp 5 can ensure that the moving resistance of rear balladeur train 6 is small, and movement is smooth;
(5)When rear screw 17 encounters travel switch 20, motor 15 is stopped, and subtracts in rear screw 17, screw 14 and motor 15 In fast device under the effect of turbine and worm structure auto-lock function, rear balladeur train 6 is fixed, while front carriages 3 move forward in place, also keeps solid It is fixed motionless;
(6)Lifting type support 8 in seat storehouse 23 is begun to ramp up, and seat rises to predetermined between front chair and back seat in the middle Behind position, expansion process is completed.
In embodiments of the present invention, in step(2)In,
(1)Lifting type support 8 in seat storehouse 23 declines, and middle seat drops to home position;
(2)Motor 15 drives screw 14 to rotate backward;
(3)Due to the hand of spiral of preceding screw 16 with the hand of spiral of rear screw 17 on the contrary, because screw 16 before this is moved rearwards, after Screw 17 moves forward, and preceding screw 16 is close to each other along screw 14 with rear screw 17;
(4)Preceding screw 16 drives front carriages 3 to be moved rearwards, and preceding slide 2 can ensure that the moving resistance of front carriages 3 is small, and movement is smooth;
(5)Balladeur train 6 moves forward after screw 17 drives afterwards, and aft ramp 5 can ensure that the moving resistance of rear balladeur train 6 is small, and movement is smooth;
(6)When rear screw 17 encounters travel switch 20, motor 15 is stopped, and subtracts in rear screw 17, screw 14 and motor 15 In fast device under the effect of turbine and worm structure auto-lock function, rear balladeur train 6 is fixed, while front carriages 3 move forward in place, also keeps solid Fixed motionless, completion folds process.
In embodiments of the present invention, the present invention in the case of wheelbase is not changed, by bi-directional expansion moving carriage method come Length of wagon is adjusted, so as to meet people such as, when parking needs to shorten length of wagon, need to increase internal seat when passengers quantity is more The demand of the difference occasion such as chair quantity, has the advantages that rational in infrastructure, easy to operate, can apply in open car, sunshade In the vehicles such as car.
The present invention is not limited to above-mentioned preferred forms, anyone can show that other are each under the enlightenment of the present invention The two-way telescopic vehicle frame and its method of work of kind form.All equivalent changes done according to scope of the present invention patent are with repairing Decorations, should all belong to the covering scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

  1. A kind of 1. two-way telescopic vehicle frame, it is characterised in that:Including frame body, the front upper of the frame body is provided with Preceding slide, is provided with the front carriages slid back and forth along it on the preceding slide, front seat, the car is provided with the front carriages The rear upper of frame body is provided with aft ramp, and the rear balladeur train slid back and forth along it is provided with the aft ramp, sliding after described Rear vehicle seat is provided with frame, lifting type support is provided with below the middle part of the frame body, is set on the lifting type support There is middle vehicle seat.
  2. 2. two-way telescopic vehicle frame according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The length side of the preceding slide and aft ramp Be arranged at intervals with several rollers upwards, the front carriages with offered on the length direction of rear balladeur train to it is corresponding The matched cavity of roller.
  3. 3. two-way telescopic vehicle frame according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:The roller includes longitudinally disposed branch , shaft is horizontally arranged with the bearing, the left and right ends of the shaft are provided with a pair of turning wheels, before the bearing is fixed on On slide or aft ramp, the runner is placed in the cavity of corresponding front carriages or rear balladeur train.
  4. 4. two-way telescopic vehicle frame according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:The front carriages and the left and right two of rear balladeur train Side wall is both provided with the upper arc panel positioned, and the left and right sides wall of the preceding slide and aft ramp is both provided with to accept The arc lower plate of upper arc panel, the arc lower plate are arranged on the lower section of arc panel, the upper arc panel and arc lower plate it Between have 1 ~ 2mm movement clearance.
  5. 5. two-way telescopic vehicle frame according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Set up between the preceding slide and aft ramp Have a screw, the screw by motor-driven rotation, be provided with the front carriages to the matched preceding screw of screw, it is described It is provided with afterwards on balladeur train to opposite with the hand of spiral of rear screw with the matched rear screw of screw, the preceding screw.
  6. 6. two-way telescopic vehicle frame according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:The front end of the screw is through bearing, front axle Bearing is connected with preceding slide, and the rear end of the screw is connected through bearing, rear bearing block with aft ramp.
  7. 7. two-way telescopic vehicle frame according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The preceding slide on aft ramp with being respectively provided with There is travel switch.
  8. 8. two-way telescopic vehicle frame according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The frame body through suspension and preceding bridge and Rear axle is connected.
  9. 9. two-way telescopic vehicle frame according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Set below the middle part of the frame body There is the seat storehouse for accommodating lifting type support and middle vehicle frame, the side in the seat storehouse is provided with the battery to placing battery Storehouse.
  10. 10. a kind of method of work of two-way telescopic vehicle frame, it is characterised in that include bi-directional expansion as claimed in claim 1 Formula vehicle frame, comprises the steps of:
    (1)Front carriages are moved with front seat along preceding slide away from rear vehicle seat, and rear balladeur train is remote along aft ramp with rear vehicle seat Moved from front seat, vehicle seat rises during lifting type support drives, and realizes two dimensional development;
    (2)Vehicle seat declines during lifting type support drives, and front carriages are moved with front seat along preceding slide close to rear vehicle seat, rear sliding Frame is moved with rear vehicle seat along aft ramp close to front seat, realizes two-way fold.
CN201711378755.5A 2017-12-19 2017-12-19 Two-way telescopic vehicle frame and its method of work Pending CN108001536A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711378755.5A CN108001536A (en) 2017-12-19 2017-12-19 Two-way telescopic vehicle frame and its method of work

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711378755.5A CN108001536A (en) 2017-12-19 2017-12-19 Two-way telescopic vehicle frame and its method of work

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN108001536A true CN108001536A (en) 2018-05-08

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ID=62059919

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201711378755.5A Pending CN108001536A (en) 2017-12-19 2017-12-19 Two-way telescopic vehicle frame and its method of work

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN108001536A (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110435767A (en) * 2019-08-05 2019-11-12 南京工程学院 A kind of electric automobile frame that wheelbase is variable
EP4039566A4 (en) * 2020-10-29 2022-08-10 Contemporary Amperex Technology Co Ltd Chassis, vehicle, equipment for manufacturing vehicle, and method for manufacturing vehicle

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110435767A (en) * 2019-08-05 2019-11-12 南京工程学院 A kind of electric automobile frame that wheelbase is variable
CN110435767B (en) * 2019-08-05 2021-05-18 南京工程学院 Electric automobile frame with variable axle distance
EP4039566A4 (en) * 2020-10-29 2022-08-10 Contemporary Amperex Technology Co Ltd Chassis, vehicle, equipment for manufacturing vehicle, and method for manufacturing vehicle

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