CN107903952A - Alcohol-based fuel - Google Patents

Alcohol-based fuel Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107903952A
CN107903952A CN201711167144.6A CN201711167144A CN107903952A CN 107903952 A CN107903952 A CN 107903952A CN 201711167144 A CN201711167144 A CN 201711167144A CN 107903952 A CN107903952 A CN 107903952A
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alcohol
steam
parts
additive
water
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CN201711167144.6A
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Chinese (zh)
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粟健林
陶积勇
卢昌锐
曾庆发
张光学
周顺
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柳州顺泽环保科技有限公司
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Priority to CN201711167144.6A priority Critical patent/CN107903952A/en
Publication of CN107903952A publication Critical patent/CN107903952A/en

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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10LFUELS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NATURAL GAS; SYNTHETIC NATURAL GAS OBTAINED BY PROCESSES NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C10G, C10K; LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GAS; ADDING MATERIALS TO FUELS OR FIRES TO REDUCE SMOKE OR UNDESIRABLE DEPOSITS OR TO FACILITATE SOOT REMOVAL; FIRELIGHTERS
    • C10L1/00Liquid carbonaceous fuels
    • C10L1/02Liquid carbonaceous fuels essentially based on components consisting of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen only
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10LFUELS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NATURAL GAS; SYNTHETIC NATURAL GAS OBTAINED BY PROCESSES NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C10G, C10K; LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GAS; ADDING MATERIALS TO FUELS OR FIRES TO REDUCE SMOKE OR UNDESIRABLE DEPOSITS OR TO FACILITATE SOOT REMOVAL; FIRELIGHTERS
    • C10L1/00Liquid carbonaceous fuels
    • C10L1/10Liquid carbonaceous fuels containing additives
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10LFUELS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NATURAL GAS; SYNTHETIC NATURAL GAS OBTAINED BY PROCESSES NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C10G, C10K; LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GAS; ADDING MATERIALS TO FUELS OR FIRES TO REDUCE SMOKE OR UNDESIRABLE DEPOSITS OR TO FACILITATE SOOT REMOVAL; FIRELIGHTERS
    • C10L1/00Liquid carbonaceous fuels
    • C10L1/10Liquid carbonaceous fuels containing additives
    • C10L1/12Inorganic compounds
    • C10L1/1225Inorganic compounds halogen containing compounds
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10LFUELS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NATURAL GAS; SYNTHETIC NATURAL GAS OBTAINED BY PROCESSES NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C10G, C10K; LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GAS; ADDING MATERIALS TO FUELS OR FIRES TO REDUCE SMOKE OR UNDESIRABLE DEPOSITS OR TO FACILITATE SOOT REMOVAL; FIRELIGHTERS
    • C10L1/00Liquid carbonaceous fuels
    • C10L1/10Liquid carbonaceous fuels containing additives
    • C10L1/12Inorganic compounds
    • C10L1/1233Inorganic compounds oxygen containing compounds, e.g. oxides, hydroxides, acids and salts thereof
    • C10L1/125Inorganic compounds oxygen containing compounds, e.g. oxides, hydroxides, acids and salts thereof water
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10LFUELS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NATURAL GAS; SYNTHETIC NATURAL GAS OBTAINED BY PROCESSES NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C10G, C10K; LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GAS; ADDING MATERIALS TO FUELS OR FIRES TO REDUCE SMOKE OR UNDESIRABLE DEPOSITS OR TO FACILITATE SOOT REMOVAL; FIRELIGHTERS
    • C10L1/00Liquid carbonaceous fuels
    • C10L1/10Liquid carbonaceous fuels containing additives
    • C10L1/14Organic compounds
    • C10L1/16Hydrocarbons
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10LFUELS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NATURAL GAS; SYNTHETIC NATURAL GAS OBTAINED BY PROCESSES NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C10G, C10K; LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GAS; ADDING MATERIALS TO FUELS OR FIRES TO REDUCE SMOKE OR UNDESIRABLE DEPOSITS OR TO FACILITATE SOOT REMOVAL; FIRELIGHTERS
    • C10L1/00Liquid carbonaceous fuels
    • C10L1/10Liquid carbonaceous fuels containing additives
    • C10L1/14Organic compounds
    • C10L1/18Organic compounds containing oxygen
    • C10L1/1802Organic compounds containing oxygen natural products, e.g. waxes, extracts, fatty oils
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10LFUELS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NATURAL GAS; SYNTHETIC NATURAL GAS OBTAINED BY PROCESSES NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C10G, C10K; LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GAS; ADDING MATERIALS TO FUELS OR FIRES TO REDUCE SMOKE OR UNDESIRABLE DEPOSITS OR TO FACILITATE SOOT REMOVAL; FIRELIGHTERS
    • C10L1/00Liquid carbonaceous fuels
    • C10L1/10Liquid carbonaceous fuels containing additives
    • C10L1/14Organic compounds
    • C10L1/18Organic compounds containing oxygen
    • C10L1/182Organic compounds containing oxygen containing hydroxy groups; Salts thereof
    • C10L1/1822Organic compounds containing oxygen containing hydroxy groups; Salts thereof hydroxy group directly attached to (cyclo)aliphatic carbon atoms
    • C10L1/1824Organic compounds containing oxygen containing hydroxy groups; Salts thereof hydroxy group directly attached to (cyclo)aliphatic carbon atoms mono-hydroxy
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10LFUELS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NATURAL GAS; SYNTHETIC NATURAL GAS OBTAINED BY PROCESSES NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C10G, C10K; LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GAS; ADDING MATERIALS TO FUELS OR FIRES TO REDUCE SMOKE OR UNDESIRABLE DEPOSITS OR TO FACILITATE SOOT REMOVAL; FIRELIGHTERS
    • C10L1/00Liquid carbonaceous fuels
    • C10L1/10Liquid carbonaceous fuels containing additives
    • C10L1/14Organic compounds
    • C10L1/18Organic compounds containing oxygen
    • C10L1/185Ethers; Acetals; Ketals; Aldehydes; Ketones
    • C10L1/1857Aldehydes; Ketones

Abstract

The invention discloses an alcohol-based fuel. The alcohol-based fuel is prepared from the following components in parts by weight: 85.0-96.0 parts of methanol, 2.0-6.0 parts of ethanol, 1.0-5.0 partsof butanone, 1.0-2.0 parts of paraffin oil, 0.5-2.0 parts of water, 0.1-0.2 part of ferric chloride and 1.0-2.0 parts of an additive. A preparation method of the additive comprises the following steps: (1) steam blasting treatment: treating cape jasmine residues extracted by water in a steam blasting tank; (2) distilling treatment: placing materials obtained from step (1) in a distiller, heatingand combusting or feeding steam at the bottom of the distiller, when the distiller is filled with hot steam, enabling the steam to pass through a condenser pipe, introducing the steam into a condenser, enabling the steam to pass through an oil-water separator, and collecting an oil phase; and (3) treatment with a high-shear homogenizer: treating the oil phase obtained from step (2) with the high-shear homogenizer to obtain nano-emulsion so as to obtain the additive.

Description

一种醇基燃料 One kind of alcohol-based fuel

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及燃料领域,具体涉及一种醇基燃料。 [0001] The present invention relates to the field of fuel, particularly to an alcohol-based fuel.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 醇基燃料就是以醇类(如甲醇、乙醇、丁醇等)物质为主体配置的燃料。 [0002] In alcohol fuel is an alcohol (e.g. methanol, ethanol, butanol, etc.) of the fuel material is arranged body. 它是以液体或者固体形式存在的。 It is present in liquid or solid form. 它也是一种生物质能,和核能、太阳能、风力能、水力能一样,是各国政府目前大力推广的环保洁净能源。 It is also a biomass, and nuclear energy, solar energy, wind energy, hydro energy, is currently governments to promote environmentally friendly clean energy. 面对石化能源的枯竭,醇基燃料是最有潜力的新型替代能源,深受各国企业组织的青睐。 The face of the depletion of fossil fuels, alcohol-based fuel is the most promising new alternative energy, favored by national business organizations.

[0003] 现在醇基燃料的研究很多,如中国专利CN103184081A,公开了一种醇基燃料油,由以下重量份的组分组成:甲醇70-75份,二甲苯4-6份,200号溶剂油4-6份,石蜡油4-6份,甘油4-6份,水5-10份。 [0003] Many studies have now alcohol-based fuels, such as China patent CN103184081A, discloses an alcohol fuel, parts by weight of the following constituents: 70-75 parts of methanol, 4-6 parts of xylene, 200 solvent 4-6 parts of oil, paraffin oil 4-6 parts glycerin 4-6 parts water, 5-10 parts. 但是,存在不足,首先,二甲苯具有毒性,其次,为了降低成本而多加水, 使得燃料中甲醇含量在75%以下,使燃料热值很低。 However, there is inadequate, firstly, toxicity of xylene, followed, in order to reduce costs and more water, so that the fuel in the methanol content of 75% or less, a low heating value fuel. 虽然在醇基液体燃料中,可以含适量的水,含水可以提高闪点温度,降低着火的危险,但是燃料中混入水分,对金属腐蚀表现在两个方面:一是水分能直接引起金属的化学核电化学腐蚀;二是如燃料中的某些含硫及酸性腐蚀物质溶解在水中时,则加速金属的腐蚀过程。 Although alcohol-based liquid fuel, may contain an appropriate amount of water, water can increase the flash point, reducing the risk of fire, but the fuel mixed with water, the corrosion of the metal in two ways: First, the water chemistry directly caused by metal nuclear chemical corrosion; Second certain of the sulfur-containing fuel and acid etching material is dissolved in water, the metal accelerate the corrosion process. 燃料中的游离水对金属的危害很大,它能腐蚀各种钢制零件,如钢油罐、油桶、管道、阀门及其它零件。 Free water in the fuel great harm to metal, a variety of steel parts can corrosion, such as steel tanks, drums, pipes, valves and other parts. 溶解在燃料中的微量水分只能引起低含量钢铁腐蚀。 Dissolved in the fuel trace moisture can cause low levels of iron and steel corrosion. 水分对低合金钢有较强的腐蚀作用,也腐蚀铜和锌等有色金属,对青铜不产生腐蚀。 Water has a strong low alloy steel corrosion, but also corrosion of non-ferrous metals copper and zinc, no corrosion of bronze. 又如中国专利CN103911189A,在提高甲醇的含量的同时,降低了水分的含量,但是在实际的使用中,也发现一些问题,例如,产品中没有加入专用添加剂,致使燃料不充分,存在黑烟、积碳、黑锅底,无残液残渣,在使用中出现熏人、刺眼等问题。 Another example is the Chinese patent CN103911189A, while increasing the methanol content and decreased water content, but in actual use, but also found some problems, e.g., product no special additives added, so that fuel is insufficient, and smoke, coke, black bottom of the pot, no residue residue, appear smoked in use, glare and other issues.

[0004] 现有技术中,很多醇基燃料厂家宣称燃料中添加了稳定剂、乳化剂,燃烧后热值高、废气排放量极低。 [0004] In the prior art, many manufacturers claim that the fuel alcohol-based fuel added stabilizers, emulsifiers, high calorific value after combustion, low emissions. 尽管一些生产企业把所添加的乳化剂吹嘘得神乎其神,但实际上各种所谓独家配方的稳定剂、乳化剂往往只是调味剂、染色剂、金属离子等化学品的混合物,一般都是6-9种化工原料溶解后的混合液体,与燃烧过程中环保减排的关系并不是太大。 Although some of the production companies emulsifiers added to boast was marvelous, but in fact a variety of so-called exclusive stabilizer, emulsifier often only chemical flavoring agents, coloring agents, mixtures of metal ions, usually 6-9 after the mixed liquid dissolved kinds of chemical raw materials, the relationship between environmental protection and emission reduction of the combustion process and is not too large. 部分厂家宣称为了提高热值已经在醇基燃料中另外加入了添加剂,可以大幅提高燃料的热值。 Some manufacturers have claimed to improve the thermal value of the fuel in the alcohol is additionally added additives, can significantly improve the heat value of the fuel. 但是,实际上,除非不计成本地加入高热值的其他燃料,否则,仅加入以各类化工原料为主的添加剂只能使醇基燃料低热值在小范围内发生变化,调整后的醇基燃料低热值往往很难突破27MJ/kg。 But, in fact, regardless of the cost to join unless other fuels of high calorific value, otherwise, only added to all kinds of chemical raw materials mainly alcohol-based fuel additive can only make low calorific value change on a small scale, alcohol-based fuel adjusted low calorific value is often difficult to break 27MJ / kg. 在实际使用过程中,后厨人员普遍反映燃料燃烧后不但有积碳,而且烟气熏目艮,必须用风机强制排风才能正常工作,问题依然存在。 In actual use, Houchu generally reflect not only the carbon fuel combustion and smoke smoked head of Burgundy, must be forced to work with exhaust fan, the problem still exists.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0005] 本发明的目的是克服现有技术的不足,提供一种醇基燃料,可以改善醇基燃料燃烧后的环境,该醇基燃料可用于外燃式燃烧领域,可替代柴油和传统燃料油。 [0005] The object of the present invention is to overcome the disadvantages of the prior art, there is provided a fuel alcohol, the alcohol can improve the fuel combustion environment, which alcohol fuel can be used in the field of external combustion type combustion, and can replace conventional diesel fuel oil.

[0006] 为达到上述目的,本发明是通过如下技术方案实现的,一种醇基燃料,由下述重量份的成分制成: 甲醇85. 0-96. O份乙醇2. 0-6. 0份丁酮1.0-5.0 份 [0006] To achieve the above object, the present invention is achieved by the following technical solution An alcohol fuel, parts made of the following composition by weight: 85. 0-96 O Methanol 2. 0-6 parts of ethanol. 1.0-5.0 parts 0 parts methyl ethyl ketone

[0007] 石蜡油1.0-2,0 份水0. i5-2, 0 份氯化铁0. 1-0. 2份添加剂1. 0-2. 0份; . [0007] paraffin oil 1.0-2,0 parts of water 0. i5-2, 0 parts of iron chloride 0.5 parts of additive 1. 1-02 0-20 parts;

[0008] 所述添加剂通过下述制备方法得到: [0008] The additive is obtained by the following preparation method:

[0009] ①蒸汽爆破处理:将水提取过的栀子残渣,放入蒸汽爆破罐处理; [0009] ① steam explosion treatment: The water-extracted residues of gardenia, into steam explosion treatment tank;

[0010] ②蒸馏处理:将步骤①得到的物料放入蒸馏器,在蒸馏器底部,加热燃烧或通入蒸汽,当炙热的蒸气充满在蒸馏器里,蒸气通过冷凝管,被引入冷凝器内,再通过油水分离器, 收集油相; [0010] ② a distillation process: The material obtained in step ① into the retort at the bottom of distillation, combustion heat into steam, or, when filled with hot vapor in a distillation unit, the condenser by the steam, is introduced into the condenser , through the oil-water separator, collecting the oil phase;

[0011] ③高剪切均质机处理:将步骤②得到的油相通过高剪切均质机处理,制成纳米乳, 得到添加剂。 [0011] ③ high shear homogenizer process: The oil phase obtained in step ② by high shear homogenizer treatment, made nanoemulsion additive was obtained.

[0012] 本发明所述的放入蒸汽爆破罐处理,优选爆破压力3.0-3.5Mpa,保压时间维持在150-200s〇 [0012] The present invention was placed in steam explosion treatment tank, preferably bursting pressure of 3.0 to 3.5, maintained at a dwell time 150-200s〇

[0013] 本发明所述的高剪切均质机处理,优选线速度30-40m/s,时间3-5min。 [0013] High shear homogenizer treatment of the present invention, preferably linear velocity of 30-40m / s, time 3-5min.

[0014] 本发明中,加入乙醇、丁酮,可以增加热值,达到很好的燃烧效果,同时可以改变醇基燃料的比重。 [0014] In the present invention, ethanol, methyl ethyl ketone, can increase the heating value, to achieve good combustion conditions, while changing the proportion of alcohol-based fuels. 石蜡油的比重比甲醇轻,沸点很高约为ll〇°C,并且石蜡油不会被甲醇溶解, 甲醇与空气直接接触会挥发,本发明中加入氯化铁可以很好的避免这种情况,可以改善醇基燃料体系中的互溶性,防止分层,使得醇基燃料中的石蜡油和甲醇紧密结合,从而达到提高闪点的目的,考虑到成本因素,石蜡油添加量不宜太大。 The proportion of paraffin oil ratio of methanol to light, high boiling point of about ll〇 ° C, paraffin oil and not dissolved in methanol, the methanol evaporates in direct contact with air, the present invention, ferric chloride was added to avoid this well , alcohol-based fuels may be improved miscibility in the system, to prevent delamination, such that the alcohol fuel methanol paraffinic oil and closely, so as to improve the flash point of view of cost factors, the amount of added paraffinic oil should not be too large.

[0015] 相比现有技术,本发明的优点在于: [0015] compared to the prior art, advantages of the present invention:

[0016] 1、现有技术中,一些厂家加入二甲醚(DEM)和高碳醇作为添加剂,但是不仅需要复杂的工艺,也会使醇基燃料的生产成本大大提高。 [0016] 1, the prior art, some manufacturers added dimethyl ether (DEM), and higher alcohol as an additive, but only requires a complicated process, but also make the production cost of alcohol-based fuels greatly improved. 而本发明的到的添加剂,具有属于比水轻、热值高、安全环保、难挥发、可燃但不易燃、能完全燃烧无残留的油性液体有机物,作为醇基燃料的添加剂,是非常合适的。 Additives to the present invention having belongs lighter than water, high calorific value, safety and environmental protection, less volatile, flammable, but non-flammable, burning completely organic residue-free oil liquid, as the alcohol-based fuel additive is very suitable .

[0017] 2、现有技术,一般是单纯的依靠添加热值提高剂、增加烃含量不但降低了醇基燃料的安全性能,而且导致了醇基燃料成本价格上升,不利于醇基燃料的推广。 [0017] 2, the prior art generally simply rely on the calorific value improving agent is added to increase the hydrocarbon content not only reduces the safety of alcohol-based fuel, alcohol and fuel costs led to price increases, is not conducive to the promotion of alcohol-based fuels . 本发明的添加剂,其作用主要是功能性地改善燃料燃烧工况,如降低消耗,增加燃烧性、安全性,减少腐蚀性,防止使用时的烟气熏眼。 Additive of the invention, its main function is functionally improve fuel combustion conditions, such as reduced consumption, increased flammability, safety, reducing corrosion, when used to prevent smoke smoked eyes. 而且,本发明的添加剂经过了高剪切均质机处理,以纳米乳的形式作为添加剂加入醇基燃料,是得到的醇基燃料容易雾化、汽化、蒸发。 Furthermore, the additive of the invention after a high shear homogenizer, so as to form nano-milk as alcohol-based fuel additive is readily obtained alcohol-based fuel atomization, vaporization, and evaporated.

[0018] 3、本发明的添加剂来源于植物提取物的残渣,很多植物提取物,进过水提取后,一般是作为废弃物处理,而本发明,特别选取水提取之后的植物残渣,相比醇提取后的植物残渣,水提取后的植物残渣中还有大量的精油等脂溶性成分存在,本发明天通过蒸汽爆破处理、蒸馏处理、高剪切均质机处理,可以充分释放植物水提取后残渣中的植物精油,做到了对废物利用,一举两得。 [0018] 3, the additives of the present invention is derived from a plant extract residues, many plant extracts, into the water after extraction, it is generally disposed of as waste, and the present invention, particularly selected plant residues after extraction of water, compared to plant residue after alcohol extraction, water extraction residue after plant there are a large number of essential oils and other fat-soluble components are present, the present tomorrow by steam explosion treatment, retort treatment, high shear homogenizer processing, water extraction plant can be sufficiently released after the residue of plant essential oils, done for recycling, do both.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0019] 下面以实施例对本发明作进一步说明,但本发明并不局限于这些实施例。 [0019] The following Examples further illustrate the invention, but the present invention is not limited to these embodiments.

[0020] 实施例1: [0020] Example 1:

[0021] 配制醇基燃料,按照以下组分和比例混合(室温下搅拌均匀即可)得到醇基燃料: 甲醇850g 乙醇丁酮IOg [0021] The alcohol-based fuel formulation, the following components and proportions (evenly stirred at room temperature) to give the alcohol-based fuel: methanol 850g ethanol butanone IOg

[0022] 石蜡油20:g 水5g 氯化铁2g 添加剂IOg; [0022] Paraffin oil 20: g aqueous ferric chloride 5g 2g IoG additive;

[0023] 所述添加剂通过下述制备方法得到: [0023] The additive is obtained by the following preparation method:

[0024] ①蒸汽爆破处理:将水提取过的栀子残渣,放入蒸汽爆破罐,爆破压力3.0-3.5Mpa,保压时间维持在150-200s; [0024] ① steam explosion treatment: The water-extracted residues of gardenia, steam explosion into the tank, the burst pressure of 3.0 to 3.5, maintained at a dwell time 150-200s;

[0025] ②蒸馏处理:将步骤①得到的物料放入蒸馏器,在蒸馏器底部,加热燃烧或通入蒸汽,当炙热的蒸气充满在蒸馏器里,蒸气通过冷凝管,被引入冷凝器内,再通过油水分离器, 收集油相; [0025] ② a distillation process: The material obtained in step ① into the retort at the bottom of distillation, combustion heat into steam, or, when filled with hot vapor in a distillation unit, the condenser by the steam, is introduced into the condenser , through the oil-water separator, collecting the oil phase;

[0026] ③高剪切均质机处理:将步骤②得到的油相通过高剪切均质机处理,线速度30-40m/s,时间3-5min,制成纳米乳,得到添加剂。 [0026] ③ high shear homogenizer process: The oil phase obtained in step ② by high shear homogenizer treatment, the line speed of 30-40m / s, time 3-5min, made nanoemulsion additive was obtained.

[0027] 实施例2: [0027] Example 2:

[0028] 配制醇基燃料,按照以下组分和比例混合(室温下搅拌均匀即可)得到醇基燃料: 甲醇960g 乙醇20g 丁酮50g [0028] The alcohol-based fuel formulation, the following components and proportions (evenly stirred at room temperature) to give the alcohol-based fuel: methyl ethyl ketone 50g Methanol 20g ethanol, 960g

[0029] 石蜡油IOg 水20g 氯化铁Ig 添加剂20g:;: [0029] paraffin oil IOg Ig additive aqueous ferric chloride 20g 20g:;:

[0030] 所述添加剂通过下述制备方法得到: [0030] The additive is obtained by the following preparation method:

[0031] ①蒸汽爆破处理:将水提取过的栀子残渣,放入蒸汽爆破罐,爆破压力3.0-3.5Mpa,保压时间维持在150-200s; [0031] ① steam explosion treatment: The water-extracted residues of gardenia, steam explosion into the tank, the burst pressure of 3.0 to 3.5, maintained at a dwell time 150-200s;

[0032] ②蒸馏处理:将步骤①得到的物料放入蒸馏器,在蒸馏器底部,加热燃烧或通入蒸汽,当炙热的蒸气充满在蒸馏器里,蒸气通过冷凝管,被引入冷凝器内,再通过油水分离器, 收集油相; [0032] ② a distillation process: The material obtained in step ① into the retort at the bottom of distillation, combustion heat into steam, or, when filled with hot vapor in a distillation unit, the condenser by the steam, is introduced into the condenser , through the oil-water separator, collecting the oil phase;

[0033] ③高剪切均质机处理:将步骤②得到的油相通过高剪切均质机处理,线速度30-40m/s,时间3-5min,制成纳米乳,得到添加剂。 [0033] ③ high shear homogenizer process: The oil phase obtained in step ② by high shear homogenizer treatment, the line speed of 30-40m / s, time 3-5min, made nanoemulsion additive was obtained.

[0034] 实施例3: [0034] Example 3:

[0035] 配制醇基燃料,按照以下组分和比例混合(室温下搅拌均匀即可)得到醇基燃料: 甲醇900g 乙醇50g 丁酮40g [0035] The alcohol-based fuel formulation, the following components and proportions (evenly stirred at room temperature) to give the alcohol-based fuel: methyl ethyl ketone 40g Methanol 50g ethanol, 900g

[0036] 石蜡油15g 水15g 氯化铁1.5g 添加剂1%·, [0036] 1.5g 15g paraffinic oil additive 1% aqueous ferric chloride · 15g,

[0037] 所述添加剂通过下述制备方法得到: [0037] The additive is obtained by the following preparation method:

[0038] ①蒸汽爆破处理:将水提取过的栀子残渣,放入蒸汽爆破罐,爆破压力3.0-3.5Mpa,保压时间维持在150-200s; [0038] ① steam explosion treatment: The water-extracted residues of gardenia, steam explosion into the tank, the burst pressure of 3.0 to 3.5, maintained at a dwell time 150-200s;

[0039] ②蒸馏处理:将步骤①得到的物料放入蒸馏器,在蒸馏器底部,加热燃烧或通入蒸汽,当炙热的蒸气充满在蒸馏器里,蒸气通过冷凝管,被引入冷凝器内,再通过油水分离器, 收集油相; [0039] ② a distillation process: The material obtained in step ① into the retort at the bottom of distillation, combustion heat into steam, or, when filled with hot vapor in a distillation unit, the condenser by the steam, is introduced into the condenser , through the oil-water separator, collecting the oil phase;

[0040] ③高剪切均质机处理:将步骤②得到的油相通过高剪切均质机处理,线速度30-40m/s,时间3-5min,制成纳米乳,得到添加剂。 [0040] ③ high shear homogenizer process: The oil phase obtained in step ② by high shear homogenizer treatment, the line speed of 30-40m / s, time 3-5min, made nanoemulsion additive was obtained.

[0041] 对比例1: [0041] Comparative Example 1:

[0042] 配制醇基燃料,按照以下组分和比例混合(室温下搅拌均匀即可)得到醇基燃料: 甲醇900g 乙醇SOg 「 Ί TH 40g [0042] The alcohol-based fuel formulation, the following components and proportions (evenly stirred at room temperature) to give alcohol based fuel according to: ethanol, methanol 900g SOg "Ί TH 40g

[0043] 石蜡油15g 水15g 氯化铁1..Ig [0043] paraffin oil 15g Water 15g of ferric chloride 1..Ig

[0044] 对比例2: [0044] Comparative Example 2:

[0045] 配制醇基燃料,按照以下组分和比例混合(室温下搅拌均匀即可)得到醇基燃料: 甲醇900g 乙醇丁酮40g [0045] The alcohol-based fuel formulation, the following components and proportions (evenly stirred at room temperature) to give the alcohol-based fuel: Methanol 900g 40g ethanol butanone

[0046] 石蜡油1% 水15g 氯化铁1.5g· 添加剂 [0046] Paraffin oil 15g of 1% aqueous ferric chloride 1.5g · Additive

[0047] 所述添加剂通过下述制备方法得到: [0047] The additive is obtained by the following preparation method:

[0048] ①蒸汽爆破处理:将水提取过的栀子残渣,放入蒸汽爆破罐,爆破压力3.0- 3.5Mpa,保压时间维持在150-200s; [0048] ① steam explosion treatment: The water-extracted residues of gardenia, steam explosion into the tank, burst pressure 3.0- 3.5Mpa, dwell time is maintained in 150-200s;

[0049] ②蒸馏处理:将步骤①得到的物料放入蒸馏器,在蒸馏器底部,加热燃烧或通入蒸汽,当炙热的蒸气充满在蒸馏器里,蒸气通过冷凝管,被引入冷凝器内,再通过油水分离器, 收集油相,得到添加剂。 [0049] ② a distillation process: The material obtained in step ① into the retort at the bottom of distillation, combustion heat into steam, or, when filled with hot vapor in a distillation unit, the condenser by the steam, is introduced into the condenser , through the oil-water separator, an oil phase was collected, to give the additive.

[0050] 实验例: [0050] Experimental Example:

[0051] 对实施例3、对比例的醇基燃料、0#柴油进行燃烧特性实验对比研究。 [0051] 3, the ratio of fuel alcohol, 0 # diesel combustion characteristics of Comparative Experimental Example. 燃料油经过管道通过燃烧器喷嘴进入燃烧室燃烧,加热20kg水,水温从40°C到80°C,空气由鼓风机从燃烧器侧壁鼓人燃烧室,燃烧产生的烟气由烟道排入大气,并用烟气取样器抽取烟气经过烟气分析仪测量(烟气的数值是40 °C、50°C、60°C、70°C、80 °C时测试数据的平均值,按相对空气消耗系数为1.1换算得出醇基燃料燃烧、柴油燃烧烟气成分的相对含量)。 Fuel oil through the burner nozzle through the conduit into the combustion chamber, 20kg water heating, the water temperature from 40 ° C to 80 ° C, the flue gas from the burner by the blower air is bubbled side wall of the combustion chamber, into the combustion flue atmosphere, and extracts, 50 ° C, 60 ° C, 70 ° C, 80 ° C when the average value of the test data through the flue gas flue gas analyzer (smoke value is 40 ° C flue gas sampler, in relative air consumption coefficient is 1.1 in terms of alcohol derived fuel combustion, the relative content of diesel combustion smoke constituents).

[0052] [0052]

Figure CN107903952AD00071

[0053] 通过文献可知,计算醇基燃料燃烧热效率为45%,柴油燃烧热效率为26%,可以发现醇基燃料燃烧热效率远远高于柴油燃烧热效率,而醇基燃料的单位质量热值(14-27MJ/ kg)远低于人们习惯的柴油(42.9MJ/kg)等化石燃料能源。 [0053] The literature shows that the thermal efficiency is calculated based fuel combustion of 45%, heat of combustion efficiency of 26% diesel fuel, alcohol-based fuels may find much higher than the thermal efficiency of the combustion heat of diesel combustion efficiency and heat value per unit mass of the alcohol-based fuel (14 -27MJ / kg) is much lower than that people accustomed diesel (42.9MJ / kg) fossil fuel energy. 从上表可以发现由于柴油热值是醇基燃料热值的2倍左右,加热水温到同样的温度,实施例3燃烧醇基燃料所需要的时间仅仅是燃烧柴油所需时间的0.67倍,实施例3醇基燃料的耗油量是柴油耗油量的1.65倍,结合柴油、实施例3醇基燃料的成本来看,在获得同样有效热能的前提下使用实施例3醇基燃料更加经济。 From the table can be found since the diesel fuel calorific value is about two times the heating value of fuel alcohol, water heated to the same temperature, the combustion time of Example 3 alcohol-based fuel required only 0.67 embodiments the time required for combustion of diesel, embodiments Example 3 alcohol-based fuel oil consumption is 1.65 times the amount of diesel fuel, in conjunction with diesel, the cost of Example 3 embodiment of view alcohol-based fuel, alcohol-based fuel used in Example 3 to obtain more economical at the same effective heat premise.

[0054] 通过实施例3和对比例1、对比例2的比较,从时间和燃料消耗来比较,都有8-10 % 左右的提升,原因在于实施例3的添加剂经过了高剪切均质机处理,以纳米乳的形式作为添加剂加入醇基燃料,使得到的醇基燃料容易雾化、汽化、蒸发,同时,减少了CO的产生,也改善了使用时的熏眼、刺眼问题。 [0054] and 1, Comparative Example 2, and from time to compare fuel consumption and Comparative Examples 3, 8-10% are improved, because the additive Embodiment Example 3 after high-shear homogenizer machine, so as to form a nanoemulsion alcohol-based fuel additive, fuel alcohol so obtained easily atomized, vaporized, evaporated, while reducing the generation of CO, is also improved when using smoked eyes, glare problems.

Claims (3)

1. 一种醇基燃料,其特征在于:由下述重量份的成分制成: An alcohol-based fuel, comprising: parts by weight prepared from the following ingredients:
Figure CN107903952AC00021
所述添加剂通过下述制备方法得到: ① 蒸汽爆破处理:将水提取过的栀子残渣,放入蒸汽爆破罐处理; ② 蒸馏处理:将步骤①得到的物料放入蒸馏器,在蒸馏器底部,加热燃烧或通入蒸汽, 当炙热的蒸气充满在蒸馏器里,蒸气通过冷凝管,被引入冷凝器内,再通过油水分离器,收集油相; ③ 高剪切均质机处理:将步骤②得到的油相通过高剪切均质机处理,制成纳米乳,得到添加剂。 The additive is obtained by the following production method: steam explosion process ①: the water-extracted residues of gardenia, into steam explosion treatment tank; ② a distillation process: ① The resulting material into the distillation step, the bottom of the distiller , or combustion heat into steam, when filled with hot vapor in a distillation unit, the condenser by the steam, is introduced into the condenser, then through the oil-water separator, collecting the oil phase; ③ a high shear homogenizer process: step ② obtained oil phase by high shear homogenizer treatment, made nanoemulsion additive was obtained.
2. 根据权利要求1所述的一种醇基燃料,其特征在于:所述的放入蒸汽爆破罐处理,爆破压力3 · 0-3 · 5Mpa,保压时间维持在150-200S。 An alcohol-based fuel according to claim 1, wherein: said processing tank into the steam explosion, bursting pressure of 3 · 0-3 · 5Mpa, dwell time is maintained at 150-200S.
3. 根据权利要求1所述的一种醇基燃料,其特征在于:所述的高剪切均质机处理,线速度30_40m/s,时间3_5min。 3. According to an alcohol-based fuel according to claim 1, wherein: said high shear homogenizer treatment, the line speed 30_40m / s, time 3_5min.
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