CN107859060A - A kind of mechanical underground parking of inclined shaft - Google Patents

A kind of mechanical underground parking of inclined shaft Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107859060A
CN107859060A CN201710870697.1A CN201710870697A CN107859060A CN 107859060 A CN107859060 A CN 107859060A CN 201710870697 A CN201710870697 A CN 201710870697A CN 107859060 A CN107859060 A CN 107859060A
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car
vehicle
construction
well
enter
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Inventor
朱锋盼
陈兰云
彭加强
李晓珍
郑朝灿
章艳杏
厉明山
杨守臻
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Jinhua Polytechnic
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Jinhua Polytechnic
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Priority to CN201710870697.1A priority Critical patent/CN107859060A/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D29/00Independent underground or underwater structures; Retaining walls
    • E02D29/045Underground structures, e.g. tunnels or galleries, built in the open air or by methods involving disturbance of the ground surface all along the location line; Methods of making them
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H6/00Buildings for parking cars, rolling-stock, aircraft, vessels or like vehicles, e.g. garages
    • E04H6/08Garages for many vehicles
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H6/00Buildings for parking cars, rolling-stock, aircraft, vessels or like vehicles, e.g. garages
    • E04H6/08Garages for many vehicles
    • E04H6/12Garages for many vehicles with mechanical means for shifting or lifting vehicles
    • E04H6/18Garages for many vehicles with mechanical means for shifting or lifting vehicles with means for transport in vertical direction only or independently in vertical and horizontal directions
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H6/00Buildings for parking cars, rolling-stock, aircraft, vessels or like vehicles, e.g. garages
    • E04H6/42Devices or arrangements peculiar to garages, not covered elsewhere, e.g. securing devices, safety devices, monitoring and operating schemes; centering devices

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Architecture (AREA)
  • Civil Engineering (AREA)
  • Structural Engineering (AREA)
  • Environmental & Geological Engineering (AREA)
  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • General Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Mining & Mineral Resources (AREA)
  • Paleontology (AREA)
  • General Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Underground Structures, Protecting, Testing And Restoring Foundations (AREA)

Abstract

A kind of mechanical underground parking of inclined shaft, it is characterized in that:Including ground main body and underground main body, ground main body and underground main body are attached by entering car lowering or hoisting gear, it is described enter car lowering or hoisting gear main body on the ground porch set into car hatchway(1), enter and spacing bicycle shed be set at car hatchway(2), enter at car hatchway to be additionally provided with into car guiding track(3), enter car guiding track connection ground up-run lane;The underground main body includes construct(4), construct is interior to set L shape or trapezoidal functive(5), the construct includes encasing(6)With the empty well that falls progressively(7), the encasing is square, by cement surface layer(8), fill out miscellaneous soil layer(9), farinose argillic horizon(10), circle sandy gravel stratum(11), severely-weathered powder rock stratum(12), middle weathering powder rock stratum(13), frame type reinforced concrete bedding course(14)Composition.

Description

A kind of mechanical underground parking of inclined shaft
Technical field
The present invention relates to field of textiles, a kind of particularly mechanical underground parking of inclined shaft.
Background technology
Auto industry is developed rapidly after into the modern times, brings more convenient, particularly China, and this year is national to be given Preferential policy, car ownership ramp, and city has engendered parking difficulty, and parking lot is few, the expensive situation of Car park payment, but It is the scarce many obstacles of experience of construction in parking lot, Surface parking lots' land resource in the city of an inch of land is an inch of gold first wastes serious So general seldom build parking lot, and underground parking cost is expensive, and usually building or building are built when construction If without carrying out urban construction again, so needing one to be applied to construct at any time not disturb residents in city, difficulty of construction is small, energy The parking structure reconstructed temporarily, but also especially to adapt to old residential area under the existing Chinese stage and there is no parking garage, Parking Stall, There is no lowering underground garage, the garage of what a convenient safety is built in the case where spending minimum expense yet;
The situation of disadvantages mentioned above is applicable to overcome, prior art has well formula garage parking, and the lift multilayer built on ground is stopped Parking lot is most suitable old-fashioned Urban re-development and progress further conversion produces parking lot in the groups of building built well, such as specially Profit number is CN201120016585.8, a kind of entitled novel well type parking place, a kind of novel well type parking place, under ground portion Not Jian Zhu two row's multi-layered storage rack formula parking stalls of left and right, aerial part can also add multi-layered storage rack formula parking stall.Underground or so two Row's multi-layered storage rack formula is provided with hanging scaffold moving lifting main frame guide rail among parking stall, and the guide rail is provided with the main frame of hanging scaffold moving lifting Frame, hanging scaffold moving lifting main frame upper end are provided with sinking stage's elevation and subsidence drive device, and middle hanging scaffold framework conveys provided with Multi-layer vehicles Device frame and Multi-layer vehicles conveying device, lower end are provided with hanging scaffold moving lifting main frame drive device.Vehicle delivery hydraulic pressure liter Falling unit can drive vehicle conveying lifting supporting plate and vehicle conveying lifting tray raising and lowering to complete the disengaging of vehicle.Vehicle enters Go out parking lot engine be all in complete halted state, can significantly saving fuel oil and reduce tail gas discharge.It is a kind of low Cost, high efficiency, it can effectively alleviate urban traffic jam, environmental protection, energy-conservation, the new technology of low-carbon concept and new paragon, this Although the parking structure of kind of straight well formula can overcome the shortcomings that foregoing, new difficulty is formd again, such as draining, air draft, more Downward building cost is higher.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of mechanical underground parking of inclined shaft, cost is adapted to, and air draft, drainability are excellent Show, it is adapted to a large amount of construction, building method is ripe, and energy modularization is largely built.
The present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions:A kind of mechanical underground parking of inclined shaft, including ground main body With underground main body, ground main body and underground main body are attached by entering car lowering or hoisting gear, it is described enter car lowering or hoisting gear lead on the ground The porch of body is set into car hatchway(1), enter and spacing bicycle shed be set at car hatchway(2), enter at car hatchway and be additionally provided with Enter car guiding track(3), enter car guiding track connection ground up-run lane;The underground main body includes construct(4), in construct L shape or trapezoidal functive are set(5), the construct includes encasing(6)With the empty well that falls progressively(7), the encasing is in side Shape, by cement surface layer(8), fill out miscellaneous soil layer(9), farinose argillic horizon(10), circle sandy gravel stratum(11), severely-weathered powder rock stratum(12), in Weathering powder rock stratum(13), frame type reinforced concrete bedding course(14)Composition, cement surface layer as the superiors, below cement surface layer according to Secondary is to fill out miscellaneous soil layer, farinose argillic horizon, circle sandy gravel stratum, severely-weathered powder rock stratum, middle weathering powder rock stratum bottom finally by framework reinforcing bar Concrete mats bottom back cover;The empty well that falls progressively is oval or upper arc radian is big, the ellipse on the small similar high top of lower arc radian Cross section structure, its structure include super-front large pipe shed branch sheath(15), slip casting ductule layer(16), module ejects circle concrete layer(17)、 Composite water-proof flaggy, interior structure waterproof reinforcing bar mix territory concrete layer, be followed successively by below super-front large pipe shed branch sheath slip casting ductule layer, Module ejects circle concrete layer, composite water-proof flaggy, territory concrete layer back cover is finally mixed by interior structure waterproof reinforcing bar(18);The sky that falls progressively Include in well into car hatchway(19), enter car lowering or hoisting gear(20), enter car lift well(21), angle-park well(22), walking Maintaining roadway(23), enter car hatchway and be arranged on the entrance for the empty well that falls progressively and entering in car lift well for outlet section, enter car hatchway Inside set into car lowering or hoisting gear, enter car lowering or hoisting gear end to the tilted extended angle-park well of the empty well that falls progressively, it is oblique to stop The both ends of car well set walking maintaining roadway, and ladder stopping pad is set in walking maintaining roadway(24), ladder stopping pad centre sets oblique To fortune car ramp or vehicle advance track, the symmetrical terminal part of angle-park well and angle-park well sets pedestrian stair or outgoing Escalator, go out to also set up ventilation unit well by escalator;
It is described enter car lowering or hoisting gear include the Vehicle mounted station that is set below arm and arm, the Vehicle mounted station including bottom let out power plate, on Vehicle-carrying plate, bottom are let out power plate and upper vehicle-carrying plate and be arranged in parallel up and down, and bottom lets out power plate and sets some hydraulic columns, and hydraulic column is towards upper carrier vehicle Plate is set straight, and the upper vehicle-carrying plate front end and tail end or front, rear, left and right have been equidistantly positioned spring and have let out power post;It is described to upload Sweep includes being symmetrical set horizontal davit, and horizontal davit is shaped as recessed character shape, and recessed part is provided with vehicle-mounted board slot, car Vehicle-mounted plate is set in support plate groove, vulcanie pad is set in the vehicle-mounted board slot inwall of the horizontal davit, vehicle-mounted plate is arranged on hard On rubber blanket;The bottom of the vehicle-mounted plate in symmetrical hydraulic column position is provided with dashpot, and damping rubber block is set in dashpot;It is described to hang Arm is connected on horizontal davit;The hydraulic column is let out power plate the bottom of at and be arranged in parallel in some rows, and each hydraulic column reaches either direction The distance of another hydraulic column closed on recently is all equal;The vulcanie pad is arranged on the lower end or upper and lower of vehicle-mounted board slot inwall A circle is set in both ends or complete vehicle-mounted board slot;The bottom, which is let out, is additionally provided with hydraulic column location-plate on power plate;
It is described enter car lift well go along with sb. to guard him module including top(25), well support module(26), wall steel reinforced concrete supporting construction module(27)、 Ground fixed module(28), module construction is gone along with sb. to guard him in ground floor in the top, including goes along with sb. to guard him framework(29), lining-up framework(30)、 Gateway(31), go along with sb. to guard him and lining-up framework be set in framework, the twice parallel walls steel reinforced concrete support laterally set is set in lining-up framework Structural module, twice parallel walls steel reinforced concrete supporting construction module is gateway, goes along with sb. to guard him framework top and sets apical cap beam.
A kind of constructing method of the mechanical underground parking of inclined shaft, comprises the following steps:
Step 1, main mould framing is built, the conventional construction method of underground engineering has subsurface excavation method, cut and cover method and cap excavation method.Its structure The selection of pattern and construction method needs engineering geology and hydrogeologic condition according to works scope, underground structure situation etc. Surrounding enviroment requirement, depending on considering.Should be as far as possible using difficulty of construction is small, structure built by opencut method pattern of reduced investment;Work as traffic When not allowing long-term road occupying, the degree that disturbs residents smaller, subsurface excavation method structural shape or cap excavation method structure type, inclined shaft can be used mechanical Underground parking engineering is located at the vacant lot among residential building, in line with safety, minimum degree influence nearby residents for the purpose of enter Row engineering method is analyzed;The main channel of the mechanical underground parking of inclined shaft is constructed using subsurface excavation method, and porch is entered using cut and cover method Row construction;The mechanical underground parking main channel of inclined shaft is constructed using shallow burial hidden digging, and structure uses composite lining.Tunneling is led to Road leading pre-supporting uses " steel tube sheds of φ 108 add the ductules of φ 42 ", carries out grouting and reinforcing to face during excavation;Preliminary bracing Using C25 jetting cements, secondary lining uses C30 waterproof reinforced concretes, seepage-resistant grade P8.
Step 2 builds lift well, the building enclosure of the foundation ditch of lift well be primarily subjected to pressure caused by foundation ditch unloading and Water pressure and by this pressure transmission to support;Open cut is generally in road or construction of the flyover, is built in residential area or building bottom Tunneling is set to, soil layer is followed successively by miscellaneous fill, silty clay, circle gravel, suitable building enclosure class in this engineering excavation coverage Type has cast-in-situ bored pile to add water-stop curtain, interlocking pile, diaphram wall;
Parking barrel inside encasing is to be constructed and set interim inverted arch by up/down steps using CRD 4 portions of engineering method point And support;
Its building enclosure uses construction of diaphragm wall side in square encasing is built, and diaphram wall is dug in groover Into the long and narrow groove section full of slurry coat method in, cast-in-situ steel reinforced concrete and the planar shaped wall that is formed, with lock between each width wall Knot pipe or reinforcing bar, steel plate tower connect, and are linked to be entirety.And cement grouting with small pipe work is used to construct after outsourcinq Skill construction, advance support is carried out after the completion of construction, slip casting effect must be checked before advance support, such as not up to Ask, perforations adding grouting process should be carried out;
Complete(2)With excavating with supporting, gunite concrete and steel arch-shelf and temporary support are applied in time after excavation.
(3)Carry out ground settlement and landslide is tested, increase beam column or supporter, add grid case and should reduce to disturb the soil body It is dynamic, strengthen the processing to arch springing, install arch springing anchor pole in time, apply inverted arch in time.
(4)Pour the water-proofing treatment of waterproof layer and construction joint.
Prevented as being connected with the top of preferably described encasing with construction method using the interlocking pile of drill-pouring pile frame making Fall into post(32)The support column made with same method(33).
As 3.5 ~ 4m of preferred angle-park well maximum buried depth requirement, the longitudinal slope of the mechanical underground parking of inclined shaft It is designed by 10%.Meanwhile consider the requirement in terms of construction, the porch of underground parking considers 2m or so buried depth,
Power pipe is arranged with as preferably described oblique fortune car ramp or vehicle advance track(Ditch), telecommunication pipe(Ditch), coal gas Pipe, feed pipe, rain pipe, sewage pipe.Electric power, telecommunication typically set pipe trench.According to the technical requirements of respective pipeline and this area Weather, Hydrological characteristics, pipeline is embedded general as follows:Storm sewer:Not less than 1m;Sewage conduct:Not less than 2m;Feed pipe Road:DN150~DN200(0.8m~1.0m), DN200~DN300(1.0m~1.5m), DN400~DN500(1.5m~ 2.0m), DN600~DN1200(2.0m~2.5m).
It is bent wall arch section as the preferably described empty well that falls progressively, limit for width 6.45m, limit for height 4.0m.
It is bilayer as the preferred ladder stopping pad, the empty well that falls progressively is bent wall arch section, tunnel limit for width 4.3m, Limit for height 5.82m.
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:Automate into car and go out car, can also freely allow user voluntarily to drive to carry out Come in and go out, can be all more convenient than prior art as scheduling, the advantages of combining several prior art, and overcome existing for script The shortcomings that missile silo formula parking structure, the various soil horizons of the further application and construction of energy are absorbed water and absorbed in underground garage Water moisture, security performance is stronger, using the agent structure be combined with each other and Multi-layer supporting of circular arc, can reach this Body just bury body it is shallow in the case of, also can normally preserve the normal of itself and superstructure in the case where bearing 4-6 layers building Safety of structure, very easily outbound and Input System by ground transportation system by vehicle be transferred in underground parking can Hoistable platform, then vehicle is placed by parking stall by parking stall transportation system by lifting platform;Outbound:Vehicle is transported by parking stall System is transferred to lifting platform, then vehicle is promoted into bicycle shed mouth by lifting platform, finally by ground transportation system by car Place ground;Hole-drilling interlocking pile is improved on the basis of colonnade formula cast-in-situ bored pile is gone along with sb. to guard him, and the stake heart is mutually twisted, with The tangent stake of the conventional piles heart is compared, and can save the water-stop curtain of pile body behind and 25% steel project.Work is bored using full-sleeve Enter, dry type pore-forming, speed of application is fast, mud-less pollution, the narrow and small place construction that the building that is particularly suitable for use in surrounds;.It is to each The strong adaptability of kind of soil layer, effect without squeezing soil, without earthquake, it is noiseless, bearing capacity is higher the advantages that.Shortcoming is slurry waste fluid pollution Environment, and higher is required to periphery operating space.And make interlocking pile using this method;Its advantage is that the rigidity of structure is big, whole Body, barrier properties and good endurance, permanent agent structure can be used as;Speed of application is relatively fast, with small vibration, noise during construction It is low, periphery ground is disturbed small;Suitable for a variety of formation conditions and various complicated construction environments.Shortcoming:Mechanical frame is high, if Standby big, cost is high.
Step 3 builds angle-park well, and using shallow burial hidden digging, tunneling location is all constructed with CRD engineering methods;Applying Before work, underground water must be handled, take light well point in hole to be equipped with the less head pressure of hole outer tube diameter dewatering mode;Pipe canopy Before applying, stress bow member should be installed at excavated surface, pipe canopy is in jack-in process, it is necessary to strictly controls construction precision.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is overall structure figure;
Fig. 2 constructs front internal anatomy;
Fig. 3 elevator structure figures;
Fig. 4 lift shockproof structure structure charts;
Fig. 5 construction casting figures;
Fig. 6 lift well constructing structure figures;
Fig. 7 viaduct three-dimensional traffic, parking implementation figures.
Embodiment
Below by embodiment, with reference to accompanying drawing, preferred specific description is used as to technical scheme:
As shown in figure 1, a kind of mechanical underground parking of inclined shaft, including ground main body and underground main body, ground main body and underground Main body is attached by entering car lowering or hoisting gear, it is described enter car lowering or hoisting gear main body on the ground porch set into car hatchway (1), enter and spacing bicycle shed be set at car hatchway(2), enter at car hatchway to be additionally provided with into car guiding track(3), enter car guiding Track connection ground up-run lane;The underground main body includes construct(4), construct is interior to set L shape or trapezoidal functive (5), the construct includes encasing(6)With the empty well that falls progressively(7), the encasing is square, by cement surface layer(8), fill out it is miscellaneous Soil layer(9), farinose argillic horizon(10), circle sandy gravel stratum(11), severely-weathered powder rock stratum(12), middle weathering powder rock stratum(13), framework steel Reinforced concrete bedding course(14)Composition, for cement surface layer as the superiors, cement surface layer lower section, which is followed successively by, fills out miscellaneous soil layer, silty clay Layer, circle sandy gravel stratum, severely-weathered powder rock stratum, middle weathering powder rock stratum bottom are finally by frame type reinforced concrete bedding course back cover;It is described The empty well that falls progressively is oval or upper arc radian is big, and the oval cross section structure on the small similar high top of lower arc radian, its structure includes super Preceding steel tube shed branch sheath(15), slip casting ductule layer(16), module ejects circle concrete layer(17), composite water-proof flaggy(101), interior structure Build waterproof reinforcing bar and mix territory concrete layer(18), super-front large pipe shed branch sheath lower section is followed successively by slip casting ductule layer, module ejects circle concrete Layer, composite water-proof flaggy, territory concrete layer is finally mixed by interior structure waterproof reinforcing bar(18)Back cover;Include in the empty well that falls progressively into Car hatchway(19), enter car lowering or hoisting gear(20), enter car lift well(21), angle-park well(22), walking maintaining roadway(23), enter Car hatchway is arranged on the entrance for the empty well that falls progressively and entering in car lift well for outlet section, enters in car hatchway to set into car lifting Device, enter car lowering or hoisting gear end and set to the tilted extended angle-park well of the empty well that falls progressively, the both ends of angle-park well Walking maintaining roadway, walking maintaining roadway is interior to set ladder stopping pad(24), ladder stopping pad centre sets oblique fortune car ramp or car Advance track, the symmetrical terminal part of angle-park well and angle-park well set pedestrian stair or outgoing escalator, electricity of going out It is other between ladder to also set up ventilation unit well;
It is described enter car lowering or hoisting gear include the Vehicle mounted station that is set below arm and arm, the Vehicle mounted station including bottom let out power plate, on Vehicle-carrying plate, bottom are let out power plate and upper vehicle-carrying plate and be arranged in parallel up and down, and bottom lets out power plate and sets some hydraulic columns, and hydraulic column is towards upper carrier vehicle Plate is set straight, and the upper vehicle-carrying plate front end and tail end or front, rear, left and right have been equidistantly positioned spring and have let out power post;It is described to upload Sweep includes being symmetrical set horizontal davit, and horizontal davit is shaped as recessed character shape, and recessed part is provided with vehicle-mounted board slot, car Vehicle-mounted plate is set in support plate groove, vulcanie pad is set in the vehicle-mounted board slot inwall of the horizontal davit, vehicle-mounted plate is arranged on hard On rubber blanket;The bottom of the vehicle-mounted plate in symmetrical hydraulic column position is provided with dashpot, and damping rubber block is set in dashpot;It is described to hang Arm is connected on horizontal davit;The hydraulic column is let out power plate the bottom of at and be arranged in parallel in some rows, and each hydraulic column reaches either direction The distance of another hydraulic column closed on recently is all equal;The vulcanie pad is arranged on the lower end or upper and lower of vehicle-mounted board slot inwall A circle is set in both ends or complete vehicle-mounted board slot;The bottom, which is let out, is additionally provided with hydraulic column location-plate on power plate;
It is described enter car lift well go along with sb. to guard him module including top(25), well support module(26), wall steel reinforced concrete supporting construction module(27)、 Ground fixed module(28), module construction is gone along with sb. to guard him in ground floor in the top, including goes along with sb. to guard him framework(29), lining-up framework(30)、 Gateway, go along with sb. to guard him and lining-up framework is set in framework, the twice parallel walls steel reinforced concrete supporting construction laterally set is set in lining-up framework Module, twice parallel walls steel reinforced concrete supporting construction module is gateway, goes along with sb. to guard him framework top and sets apical cap beam.
A kind of constructing method of the mechanical underground parking of inclined shaft, comprises the following steps:
Step 1, main mould framing is built, the conventional construction method of underground engineering has subsurface excavation method, cut and cover method and cap excavation method.Its structure The selection of pattern and construction method needs engineering geology and hydrogeologic condition according to works scope, underground structure situation etc. Surrounding enviroment requirement, depending on considering.Should be as far as possible using difficulty of construction is small, structure built by opencut method pattern of reduced investment;Work as traffic When not allowing long-term road occupying, the degree that disturbs residents smaller, subsurface excavation method structural shape or cap excavation method structure type, inclined shaft can be used mechanical Underground parking engineering is located at the vacant lot among residential building, in line with safety, minimum degree influence nearby residents for the purpose of enter Row engineering method is analyzed.Therefore, the main channel of the mechanical underground parking of inclined shaft is constructed using subsurface excavation method, and porch uses open cut Method is constructed;The mechanical underground parking main channel of inclined shaft is constructed using shallow burial hidden digging, and structure uses composite lining.Secretly Dig through leading pre-supporting and use " steel tube sheds of φ 108 add the ductules of φ 42 ", grouting and reinforcing is carried out to face during excavation;Initial stage Supporting uses C25 jetting cements, and secondary lining uses C30 waterproof reinforced concretes, seepage-resistant grade P8;
Step 2 builds lift well, and the building enclosure of the foundation ditch of lift well is primarily subjected to pressure and hydraulic pressure caused by foundation ditch unloading Power and by this pressure transmission to support.The building enclosure form of foundation ditch should be tried one's best in view of the maturity of technology, construction safety, made Valency rationally, short time limit, meet environmental requirement, the influence beneficial to many factors such as civilized constructions.
Open cut is generally in road or construction of the flyover, is tunneling in residential area or the construction of building bottom, this engineering excavation Soil layer is followed successively by miscellaneous fill, silty clay, circle gravel in coverage, and suitable building enclosure type has cast-in-situ bored pile to add sealing Curtain, interlocking pile, diaphram wall;
Parking barrel inside encasing is to be constructed and set interim inverted arch by up/down steps using CRD 4 portions of engineering method point And support;
Its building enclosure uses construction of diaphragm wall side in square encasing is built, and diaphram wall is dug in groover Into the long and narrow groove section full of slurry coat method in, cast-in-situ steel reinforced concrete and the planar shaped wall that is formed, with lock between each width wall Knot pipe or reinforcing bar, steel plate tower connect, and are linked to be entirety;
And cement grouting with small pipe technique construction is used to construct after encasing is built, carried out after the completion of construction Advance support, slip casting effect must be checked before advance support, such as not up to require, perforations adding grouting process should be carried out;
With excavating with supporting, gunite concrete and steel arch-shelf and temporary support are applied in time after excavation;And simultaneously table sinks Drop and landslide test, increase beam column or supporter, and disturbance to the soil body should be reduced by adding grid case, strengthen the processing to arch springing, Arch springing anchor pole is installed in time, applies inverted arch in time.
Finally carry out pouring the water-proofing treatment of waterproof layer and construction joint after the completion of above-mentioned construction.
Prevented as being connected with the top of preferably described encasing with construction method using the interlocking pile of drill-pouring pile frame making Fall into post(32)The support column made with same method(33).Hole-drilling interlocking pile be colonnade formula cast-in-situ bored pile go along with sb. to guard him basis it is enterprising Improvement is gone, the stake heart is mutually twisted, and compared with the tangent stake of the conventional piles heart, can save the water-stop curtain of pile body behind and 25% steel Muscle quantities.Work is crept into using full-sleeve, and dry type pore-forming, speed of application is fast, mud-less pollution, and the building that is particularly suitable for use in surrounds Narrow and small place construction.
As 3.5 ~ 4m of preferred angle-park well maximum buried depth requirement, the longitudinal slope of the mechanical underground parking of inclined shaft It is designed by 10%.Meanwhile consider the requirement in terms of construction, the porch of underground parking considers 2m or so buried depth,
Power pipe is arranged with as preferably described oblique fortune car ramp or vehicle advance track(Ditch), telecommunication pipe(Ditch), coal gas Pipe, feed pipe, rain pipe, sewage pipe.Electric power, telecommunication typically set pipe trench.According to the technical requirements of respective pipeline and this area Weather, Hydrological characteristics, pipeline is embedded general as follows:Storm sewer:Not less than 1m;Sewage conduct:Not less than 2m;Feed pipe Road:DN150~DN200(0.8m~1.0m), DN200~DN300(1.0m~1.5m), DN400~DN500(1.5m~ 2.0m), DN600~DN1200(2.0m~2.5m).
It is bent wall arch section as the preferably described empty well that falls progressively, limit for width 6.45m, limit for height 4.0m.
It is bilayer as the preferred ladder stopping pad, the empty well that falls progressively is bent wall arch section, tunnel limit for width 4.3m, Limit for height 5.82m.
Multilevel traffic implementation:In the case of as shown in Figure 7, we can set this hair below the access bridge of viaduct It is bright.
The parking implementation of the present invention is as shown in figure 1, car body enters the parking at rear behind laggard sentry box excessively from entrance Post has just gone up, and stops other vehicles moved on, can be parked in into rear wheel on lift, have lift directly to be risen Drop motion, into bottom rear vehicle in the case where not setting automatic distribution Transport Desk, can automatic moving, or the automatic distribution of installation Transport Desk, distributed automatically.
Specific embodiment described herein is only to spirit explanation for example of the invention.Technology belonging to the present invention is led The technical staff in domain can be made various modifications or supplement to described specific embodiment or be replaced using similar mode Generation, but without departing from the spiritual of the present invention or surmount scope defined in appended claims.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of mechanical underground parking of inclined shaft, it is characterized in that:Including ground main body and underground main body, ground main body and underground Main body is attached by entering car lowering or hoisting gear, it is described enter car lowering or hoisting gear main body on the ground porch set into car hatchway (1), enter and spacing bicycle shed be set at car hatchway(2), enter at car hatchway to be additionally provided with into car guiding track(3), enter car guiding Track connection ground up-run lane;The underground main body includes construct(4), construct is interior to set L shape or trapezoidal functive (5), the construct includes encasing(6)With the empty well that falls progressively(7), the encasing is square, by cement surface layer(8), fill out it is miscellaneous Soil layer(9), farinose argillic horizon(10), circle sandy gravel stratum(11), severely-weathered powder rock stratum(12), middle weathering powder rock stratum(13), framework steel Reinforced concrete bedding course(14)Composition, for cement surface layer as the superiors, cement surface layer lower section, which is followed successively by, fills out miscellaneous soil layer, silty clay Layer, circle sandy gravel stratum, severely-weathered powder rock stratum, middle weathering powder rock stratum bottom are finally by frame type reinforced concrete bedding course back cover;It is described The empty well that falls progressively is oval or upper arc radian is big, and the oval cross section structure on the small similar high top of lower arc radian, its structure includes super Preceding steel tube shed branch sheath(15), slip casting ductule layer(16), module ejects circle concrete layer(17), composite water-proof flaggy, interior structure it is anti- Water reinforcing bar mixes territory concrete layer, slip casting ductule layer is followed successively by below super-front large pipe shed branch sheath, module ejects justify concrete layer, compound anti- Water flaggy, territory concrete layer back cover is finally mixed by interior structure waterproof reinforcing bar(18);Include in the empty well that falls progressively into car hatchway (19), enter car lowering or hoisting gear(20), enter car lift well(21), angle-park well(22), walking maintaining roadway(23), enter car hatchway The entrance for the empty well that falls progressively and entering in car lift well for outlet section are arranged on, enters in car hatchway and sets into car lowering or hoisting gear, enter Car lowering or hoisting gear end sets walking maintenance to the tilted extended angle-park well of the empty well that falls progressively, the both ends of angle-park well Road, walking maintaining roadway is interior to set ladder stopping pad(24), ladder stopping pad centre sets oblique fortune car ramp or vehicle advancing vehicle Road, the symmetrical terminal part of angle-park well and angle-park well set pedestrian stair or outgoing escalator, by escalator of going out also Ventilation unit well is set;
It is described enter car lowering or hoisting gear include the Vehicle mounted station that is set below arm and arm, the Vehicle mounted station including bottom let out power plate, on Vehicle-carrying plate, bottom are let out power plate and upper vehicle-carrying plate and be arranged in parallel up and down, and bottom lets out power plate and sets some hydraulic columns, and hydraulic column is towards upper carrier vehicle Plate is set straight, and the upper vehicle-carrying plate front end and tail end or front, rear, left and right have been equidistantly positioned spring and have let out power post;It is described to upload Sweep includes being symmetrical set horizontal davit, and horizontal davit is shaped as recessed character shape, and recessed part is provided with vehicle-mounted board slot, car Vehicle-mounted plate is set in support plate groove, vulcanie pad is set in the vehicle-mounted board slot inwall of the horizontal davit, vehicle-mounted plate is arranged on hard On rubber blanket;The bottom of the vehicle-mounted plate in symmetrical hydraulic column position is provided with dashpot, and damping rubber block is set in dashpot;It is described to hang Arm is connected on horizontal davit;The hydraulic column is let out power plate the bottom of at and be arranged in parallel in some rows, and each hydraulic column reaches either direction The distance of another hydraulic column closed on recently is all equal;The vulcanie pad is arranged on the lower end or upper and lower of vehicle-mounted board slot inwall A circle is set in both ends or complete vehicle-mounted board slot;The bottom, which is let out, is additionally provided with hydraulic column location-plate on power plate;
It is described enter car lift well go along with sb. to guard him module including top(25), well support module(26), wall steel reinforced concrete supporting construction module(27)、 Ground fixed module(28), module construction is gone along with sb. to guard him in ground floor in the top, including goes along with sb. to guard him framework(29), lining-up framework(30)、 Gateway(31), go along with sb. to guard him and lining-up framework be set in framework, the twice parallel walls steel reinforced concrete support laterally set is set in lining-up framework Structural module, twice parallel walls steel reinforced concrete supporting construction module is gateway, goes along with sb. to guard him framework top and sets apical cap beam.
2. a kind of constructing method of the mechanical underground parking of inclined shaft, comprises the following steps:
Step 1, main mould framing is built, the conventional construction method of underground engineering has subsurface excavation method, cut and cover method and cap excavation method;Its structure The selection of pattern and construction method needs engineering geology and hydrogeologic condition according to works scope, underground structure situation etc. Surrounding enviroment requirement, depending on considering;Should be as far as possible using difficulty of construction is small, structure built by opencut method pattern of reduced investment;Work as traffic When not allowing long-term road occupying, the degree that disturbs residents smaller, subsurface excavation method structural shape or cap excavation method structure type, inclined shaft can be used mechanical Underground parking engineering is located at the vacant lot among residential building, in line with safety, minimum degree influence nearby residents for the purpose of enter Row engineering method is analyzed;The main channel of the mechanical underground parking of inclined shaft is constructed using subsurface excavation method, and porch is entered using cut and cover method Row construction;The mechanical underground parking main channel of inclined shaft is constructed using shallow burial hidden digging, and structure uses composite lining;Tunneling is led to Road leading pre-supporting uses " steel tube sheds of φ 108 add the ductules of φ 42 ", carries out grouting and reinforcing to face during excavation;Preliminary bracing Using C25 jetting cements, secondary lining uses C30 waterproof reinforced concretes, seepage-resistant grade P8;
Step 2 builds lift well, and the building enclosure of the foundation ditch of lift well is primarily subjected to pressure and hydraulic pressure caused by foundation ditch unloading Power and by this pressure transmission to support;Open cut is generally in road or construction of the flyover, is in residential area or the construction of building bottom Tunneling, soil layer is followed successively by miscellaneous fill, silty clay, circle gravel in this engineering excavation coverage, and suitable building enclosure type has Cast-in-situ bored pile adds water-stop curtain, interlocking pile, diaphram wall;
Parking barrel inside encasing is to be constructed and set interim inverted arch by up/down steps using CRD 4 portions of engineering method point And support;
Its building enclosure uses construction of diaphragm wall side in square encasing is built, and diaphram wall is dug in groover Into the long and narrow groove section full of slurry coat method in, cast-in-situ steel reinforced concrete and the planar shaped wall that is formed, with lock between each width wall Knot pipe or reinforcing bar, steel plate tower connect, and are linked to be entirety;And cement grouting with small pipe work is used to construct after outsourcinq Skill construction, advance support is carried out after the completion of construction, slip casting effect must be checked before advance support, such as not up to Ask, perforations adding grouting process should be carried out;
Complete(2)With excavating with supporting, gunite concrete and steel arch-shelf and temporary support are applied in time after excavation;
(3)Carrying out ground settlement and landslide is tested, increase beam column or supporter, disturbance to the soil body should be reduced by adding grid case, Strengthen the processing to arch springing, install arch springing anchor pole in time, apply inverted arch in time;
(4)Pour the water-proofing treatment of waterproof layer and construction joint.
3. the mechanical underground parking of a kind of inclined shaft according to claim 1, it is characterized in that:Connected at the top of the encasing There is the anti-sunken post of the interlocking pile made with construction method using drill-pouring pile frame(32)The support column made with same method(33).
4. the mechanical underground parking of a kind of inclined shaft according to claim 1, it is characterized in that:The angle-park well is maximum 3.5 ~ 4m of buried depth requirement, the longitudinal slope of the mechanical underground parking of inclined shaft are designed by 10%;Meanwhile in terms of considering construction It is required that the porch of underground parking considers 2m or so buried depth.
5. the mechanical underground parking of a kind of inclined shaft according to claim 1, it is characterized in that:It is described it is oblique fortune car ramp or Vehicle advance track is arranged with power pipe(Ditch), telecommunication pipe(Ditch), gas pipe, feed pipe, rain pipe, sewage pipe;Electric power, electricity News are general to set pipe trench;According to the weather of the technical requirements of respective pipeline and this area, Hydrological characteristics, pipeline is embedded typically such as Under:Storm sewer:Not less than 1m;Sewage conduct:Not less than 2m;Feedwater piping:DN150~DN200(0.8m~1.0m), DN200~DN300(1.0m~1.5m), DN400~DN500(1.5m~2.0m), DN600~DN1200(2.0m~2.5m);
The mechanical underground parking of a kind of inclined shaft according to claim 1, it is characterized in that:The empty well that falls progressively encircles for bent wall Shape section, limit for width 6.45m, limit for height 4.0m.
6. the mechanical underground parking of a kind of inclined shaft according to claim 1, it is characterized in that:The ladder stopping pad is double Layer, the empty well that falls progressively are bent wall arch section, tunnel limit for width 4.3m, limit for height 5.82m.
CN201710870697.1A 2017-09-24 2017-09-24 A kind of mechanical underground parking of inclined shaft Pending CN107859060A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108643632A (en) * 2018-04-23 2018-10-12 宁波荣山新型材料有限公司 A kind of lift parking unit of full assembling
CN112228123A (en) * 2020-10-28 2021-01-15 中铁十二局集团有限公司 Arch mounting machine installation arch construction method applied to large-section arch

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5173027A (en) * 1990-03-09 1992-12-22 Soilmec S.P.A. Automated parking system and subassemblies therefor
CN105986830A (en) * 2015-02-13 2016-10-05 杭州南联地基基础工程有限公司 Underground-excavation building method for roadside strip-shaped underground garage
CN206016379U (en) * 2016-07-04 2017-03-15 金华职业技术学院 A kind of vehicle transportation device of the mechanical underground parking of inclined shaft
CN106567717A (en) * 2015-10-10 2017-04-19 中铁隧道勘测设计院有限公司 Construction oblique channel structure utilizing subway exit and entrance and construction method
CN207176737U (en) * 2017-09-24 2018-04-03 金华职业技术学院 A kind of mechanical underground parking of inclined shaft

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5173027A (en) * 1990-03-09 1992-12-22 Soilmec S.P.A. Automated parking system and subassemblies therefor
CN105986830A (en) * 2015-02-13 2016-10-05 杭州南联地基基础工程有限公司 Underground-excavation building method for roadside strip-shaped underground garage
CN106567717A (en) * 2015-10-10 2017-04-19 中铁隧道勘测设计院有限公司 Construction oblique channel structure utilizing subway exit and entrance and construction method
CN206016379U (en) * 2016-07-04 2017-03-15 金华职业技术学院 A kind of vehicle transportation device of the mechanical underground parking of inclined shaft
CN207176737U (en) * 2017-09-24 2018-04-03 金华职业技术学院 A kind of mechanical underground parking of inclined shaft

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108643632A (en) * 2018-04-23 2018-10-12 宁波荣山新型材料有限公司 A kind of lift parking unit of full assembling
CN108643632B (en) * 2018-04-23 2023-09-19 宁波荣山新型材料有限公司 Fully assembled lifting parking unit
CN112228123A (en) * 2020-10-28 2021-01-15 中铁十二局集团有限公司 Arch mounting machine installation arch construction method applied to large-section arch

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