CN107824802A - Machining of Shaft-type Parts fixture, method and the lathe using the fixture - Google Patents

Machining of Shaft-type Parts fixture, method and the lathe using the fixture Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107824802A
CN107824802A CN201711108854.1A CN201711108854A CN107824802A CN 107824802 A CN107824802 A CN 107824802A CN 201711108854 A CN201711108854 A CN 201711108854A CN 107824802 A CN107824802 A CN 107824802A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
cutter
fixture
knife rest
lathe
axial workpiece
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201711108854.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
赵亚中
王延彬
陆彬斌
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Henan Senyuan Electric Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Henan Senyuan Electric Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Henan Senyuan Electric Co Ltd filed Critical Henan Senyuan Electric Co Ltd
Priority to CN201711108854.1A priority Critical patent/CN107824802A/en
Publication of CN107824802A publication Critical patent/CN107824802A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23BTURNING; BORING
    • B23B3/00General-purpose turning-machines or devices, e.g. centre lathes with feed rod and lead screw; Sets of turning-machines
    • B23B3/06Turning-machines or devices characterised only by the special arrangement of constructional units
    • B23B3/065Arrangements for performing other machining operations, e.g. milling, drilling

Abstract

The present invention relates to clamping device technical field, specifically provides a kind of Machining of Shaft-type Parts fixture, method and the lathe using the fixture.The lathe includes the Machining of Shaft-type Parts fixture being arranged on lathe, the fixture includes knife rest plate, knife rest plate is provided with cutter, and the cutter is included to the endoporus central cutter being processed of axial workpiece and the outer round surface cutter being processed to axial workpiece outer round surface.Different central cutters and outer round surface cutter are provided with fixture simultaneously, it can be processed to the outer round surface of axial workpiece and to the hole system on axial workpiece, it is processed compared to according to design process, realize the multiple operation concentrated processing in the case of clamped one time, reduce clamping error, shorten the time, compared with digital control processing, cost is low, good in economic efficiency.

Description

Machining of Shaft-type Parts fixture, method and the lathe using the fixture
Technical field
The present invention relates to clamping device technical field, and in particular to a kind of Machining of Shaft-type Parts fixture, method and use should The lathe of fixture.
Background technology
In daily production work, technical staff has the axial workpiece of size surface and hole machined requirement to one , it is necessary to design multiple processes when being processed, and processed successively according to designed process, the production cycle is longer.In numerical control After the application popularization of technology and Digit Control Machine Tool, technical staff is using the machining center in Digit Control Machine Tool come to being wanted with multiple processing The part asked carries out automation processing.Machining center is configured with tool magazine and automatic tool changer machinery hand, has stored much knives in tool magazine Tool, automatic tool changer machinery hand can part only clamping once in the case of, carry out cutter replacement, technical staff using processing in The heart can carry out continuous automation processing to a part after clamped one time, and efficiency is higher.But problem present in it is, For the relatively simple part of some structures, when being processed using machining center, energy resource consumption is larger, and utilization rate is low, simultaneously Part is processed using Numeric Control Technology, it is higher to the competency profiling of operating personnel, improve processing cost, economic benefit It is poor.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of Machining of Shaft-type Parts fixture and method, at the same purpose be to provide one kind Using the lathe of Machining of Shaft-type Parts fixture, multiple operation concentrated processing can be realized in the case of part by one-step clamping, is reduced The error that multiple clamping is brought, shortens process time, improves processing efficiency, while reduces cost, economic benefit compared with It is good.
For achieving the above object, Machining of Shaft-type Parts fixture adopts the following technical scheme that in the present invention:
Technical scheme 1:Machining of Shaft-type Parts fixture, the fixture include knife rest plate, and the bottom surface of knife rest plate is provided with and tailstock tool The clamping portion being fixedly connected, the top surface of knife rest plate are provided with cutter, and the cutter includes what the endoporus of axial workpiece was processed Central cutter and the outer round surface cutter being processed to axial workpiece outer round surface.
Its advantage is:Fixture is used in process of production, technology maturation, is easy to mass produce, while is being pressed from both sides Different central cutters and outer round surface cutter are provided with tool, can be to the outer round surface of axial workpiece and on axial workpiece Hole system be processed, be processed compared to according to design process, realize in the case of clamped one time multiple operation and concentrate Processing, reduces clamping error, shortens the time, compared with digital control processing, cost is low, good in economic efficiency.
Technical scheme 2:On the basis of technical scheme 1, the cutter includes knife rest and the cutter head being arranged on knife rest.
Its advantage is:By cutter setting and the integrally formed knife rest of knife rest plate, reduce and required knife rest is installed Error on to knife rest plate, improve the precision of processing.
Technical scheme 3:On the basis of technical scheme 1 or 2, the cutter is along the radially movable setting of knife rest plate.
Its advantage is:Cutter can be easy to technical staff to adjust cutter along the radially movable arrangement of knife rest plate The amount of feeding and back engagement of the cutting edge.
Technical scheme 4:On the basis of technical scheme 3, central cutter includes adding the hole wall of the endoporus on part The cutter of work.
Its advantage is:The processing type of fixture is added, improves the applicability of fixture.
Technical scheme 5:On the basis of technical scheme 4, the central cutter is coaxially disposed with clamping portion.
Its advantage is:Central cutter and clamping portion are coaxially disposed, ensure that the precision of processing.
Technical scheme 6:On the basis of technical scheme 1 or 2, the outer round surface cutter is included along knife rest plate radial direction successively The inner circle cutter and cylindrical tool outwards set, the length of the cylindrical tool are more than the length of inner circle cutter.
Its advantage is:Different inner circle cutters and cylindrical tool is set to be processed in the outer round surface of part Step Shaft;The length of cutter increases successively simultaneously, can ensure that the back engagement of the cutting edge of knife rest in inner circle is less, reduce cutting resistance Power, improve the life-span of cutter.
For achieving the above object, following technology is used using the lathe of Machining of Shaft-type Parts fixture in the present invention Scheme:
Technical scheme 1:Lathe, including the Machining of Shaft-type Parts fixture being arranged on lathe, the fixture include knife rest plate, knife rest Disk is provided with cutter, and the cutter includes the central cutter being processed to the endoporus of axial workpiece and to the cylindrical table of axial workpiece The outer round surface cutter that face is processed.
Technical scheme 2:On the basis of technical scheme 1, the cutter includes knife rest and the cutter head being arranged on knife rest.
Technical scheme 3:On the basis of technical scheme 1 or 2, the cutter is along the radially movable setting of knife rest plate.
Technical scheme 4:On the basis of technical scheme 3, the central cutter includes entering the hole wall of the endoporus on part The cutter of row processing.
Technical scheme 5:On the basis of technical scheme 4, the live spindle of the central cutter and lathe is coaxially disposed.
Technical scheme 6:On the basis of technical scheme 1 or 2, the outer round surface cutter is included along knife rest plate radial direction successively The inner circle cutter and cylindrical tool outwards set, the length of the cylindrical tool are more than the length of inner circle cutter.
For achieving the above object, Machining of Shaft-type Parts method adopts the following technical scheme that in the present invention:
Technical scheme 1:A kind of Machining of Shaft-type Parts method, including by the step on axial workpiece clamping to lathe, methods described It is additionally included in primary feed, the step of endoporus and outer round surface to axial workpiece are processed simultaneously.Its advantage exists In:Multiple operation concentrated processing can be realized in the case where part by one-step is fed, reduce the error that multiple clamping is brought, shorten Process time, improve processing efficiency, while reduce cost, better economic benefit.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is using structural representation in the lathe of Machining of Shaft-type Parts fixture in the present invention.
In figure:1. lathe chuck jaws;2. axial workpiece;3. knife rest plate;4. cylindrical knife rest;5. inner circle knife rest;6. boring bar;7. Lathe tool;8. boring head;9. tailstock tool.
Embodiment
As shown in Figure 1 to use a kind of embodiment of lathe of Machining of Shaft-type Parts fixture in the present invention, wherein on lathe Lathe chuck jaws 1 fix the clamping of axial workpiece 2, and axial workpiece 2 can drive the main fortune done around own axes revolution by lathe It is dynamic, Machining of Shaft-type Parts fixture is fixedly connected with the other end of axial workpiece 2, tailstock tool 9, fixture includes circular knife Frame disk 3 and the cutter being arranged on cutter pallet 3, on the centre of gyration of cutter pallet 3, provided with fixture and lathe tail 9 clamping portions of seat are coaxially arranged, as central cutter, for carrying out the boring bar 6 of bore hole to axial workpiece 2, set on boring bar 6 There is boring cutter 8.Radially outward it is sequentially arranged using the centre of gyration of knife rest plate 3 and is used as the inner circle knife rest 5 of outer round surface cutter and outer Dise knife frame 4, the length of inner circle knife rest 5 is less than cylindrical knife rest 4, and is all set on interior dise knife frame 5 and cylindrical knife rest 4 respectively There is the lathe tool 7 that turning is carried out to the outer surface of axial workpiece 2.
When technical staff is processed using the lathe to part, using lathe chuck jaws 1 come by axle class on lathe The clamping of part 2 is fixed, and now axial workpiece 2 turns round around the axis of itself, for the main motion in working angles.In axial workpiece During 2 rotation, fixture acts with tailstock tool 9, the cutter on fixture is formed relative motion with axial workpiece 2, cutter is in axle class The outer surface of part 2 and endoporus do cutting movement.
Wherein, axial workpiece 2 rotates, and boring bar 6 and the boring cutter 8 being arranged on boring bar 6 enter to the pre-manufactured hole in axial workpiece 2 Row bore hole, during fixture advance, the longer cylindrical knife rest 4 of length first touches the outer surface of part, and cylindrical knife rest 4 On lathe tool 7 to outer surface carry out turning, then shorter internal turning tool 5 enter in the outer surface Jing Guo the turning of billmpse tool 4 Second of turning of row, reduce the back engagement of the cutting edge that internal turning tool 5 directly carries out turning on the surface of axial workpiece 2.In feed motion During, the diameter difference for the Step Shaft that technical staff processes according to demand, cylindrical knife rest 4 and inner circle are arranged on knife rest plate 3 The distance between knife rest 5, the knife rest length of inner circle knife rest 5 and cylindrical knife rest 4 can also be determined according to the length of design step, The Step Shaft of design requirement is met to realize that cutter processes in the outer surface of axial workpiece 2 with this.
, can be same on lathe in the main motion of axial workpiece 2 and fixture under the cooperation of the feed motion of two class cutters When turning is carried out to the outer surface of axial workpiece 2 and bore hole is carried out to pre-manufactured hole in axial workpiece 2, can be in clamped one time axle class Multiple operation concentrated processing is realized in the case of part 2, when reducing the error that multiple clamping is brought, and shortening processing Between, improve processing efficiency.
In other embodiments, central cutter and outer round surface cutter may be arranged as other forms, such as by center Cutter and outer round surface cutter are configured to connect the link slot of cutter head and knife rest, technical staff can according to different situations come It is combined, and knife rest is assembled on knife rest plate, is easy to technical staff to be assembled.
In other embodiments, central cutter and outer round surface cutter may be arranged as other forms, such as by center Cutter and outer round surface cutter are movably arranged on knife rest plate, are conveniently adjusted the distance between cutter and part, to adjust feeding Amount and back engagement of the cutting edge.
In other embodiments, outer round surface cutter can also be arranged as other forms, such as only be set on cutter pallet Put a cylindrical lathe tool of turning part.
In other embodiments, central cutter may be arranged as other forms, such as the central cutter not dress with fixture Folder portion is coaxially arranged.
In other embodiments, central cutter may be arranged as in other forms, such as central cutter set can be right Pre-manufactured hole is drilled, the cutter of reaming or fraising.
The embodiment of Machining of Shaft-type Parts fixture and the axle in the above-mentioned lathe embodiment using Machining of Shaft-type Parts fixture The structure of class part processing clamp is identical with the course of work, therefore is not repeated to illustrate.
A kind of embodiment of Machining of Shaft-type Parts method includes, by the step on axial workpiece clamping to lathe, being additionally included in In primary feed, while bore hole is carried out to the endoporus of axial workpiece and the outer round surface turning Step Shaft of part the step of.

Claims (10)

1. Machining of Shaft-type Parts fixture, it is characterised in that:The fixture includes knife rest plate, and the bottom surface of knife rest plate is provided with and lathe tail The clamping portion that seat is fixedly connected, the top surface of knife rest plate are provided with cutter, and the cutter includes being processed the endoporus of axial workpiece Central cutter and the outer round surface cutter that is processed to axial workpiece outer round surface.
2. fixture according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The cutter includes knife rest and the knife being arranged on knife rest Head.
3. fixture according to claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that:The cutter is along the radially movable setting of knife rest plate.
4. fixture according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:The central cutter includes the hole wall to the endoporus on part The cutter being processed.
5. fixture according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:The central cutter is coaxially disposed with clamping portion.
6. lathe, it is characterised in that:Including the Machining of Shaft-type Parts fixture being arranged on lathe, the fixture includes knife rest plate, Knife rest plate is provided with cutter, the cutter include the central cutter being processed to the endoporus of axial workpiece and to axial workpiece outside The outer round surface cutter that circular surfaces are processed.
7. lathe according to claim 6, it is characterised in that:The cutter includes knife rest and the knife being arranged on knife rest Head.
8. the lathe according to claim 6 or 7, it is characterised in that:The cutter is along the radially movable setting of knife rest plate.
9. lathe according to claim 8, it is characterised in that:The central cutter and the live spindle of lathe are coaxially set Put.
10. a kind of Machining of Shaft-type Parts method, including by the step on axial workpiece clamping to lathe, it is characterised in that:It is described The step of method is additionally included in primary feed, and the endoporus and outer round surface to axial workpiece are processed simultaneously.
CN201711108854.1A 2017-11-11 2017-11-11 Machining of Shaft-type Parts fixture, method and the lathe using the fixture Pending CN107824802A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711108854.1A CN107824802A (en) 2017-11-11 2017-11-11 Machining of Shaft-type Parts fixture, method and the lathe using the fixture

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711108854.1A CN107824802A (en) 2017-11-11 2017-11-11 Machining of Shaft-type Parts fixture, method and the lathe using the fixture

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN107824802A true CN107824802A (en) 2018-03-23

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201711108854.1A Pending CN107824802A (en) 2017-11-11 2017-11-11 Machining of Shaft-type Parts fixture, method and the lathe using the fixture

Country Status (1)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110961698A (en) * 2019-12-24 2020-04-07 浦江吉树机械科技有限公司 Machine tool capable of being selectively used by single cutter and double cutters and capable of synchronously milling two surfaces

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110961698A (en) * 2019-12-24 2020-04-07 浦江吉树机械科技有限公司 Machine tool capable of being selectively used by single cutter and double cutters and capable of synchronously milling two surfaces
CN110961698B (en) * 2019-12-24 2020-12-08 余姚市东盈汽车零部件有限公司 Machine tool capable of being selectively used by single cutter and double cutters and capable of synchronously milling two surfaces

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