CN110961698A - Machine tool capable of being selectively used by single cutter and double cutters and capable of synchronously milling two surfaces - Google Patents

Machine tool capable of being selectively used by single cutter and double cutters and capable of synchronously milling two surfaces Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110961698A
CN110961698A CN201911351340.8A CN201911351340A CN110961698A CN 110961698 A CN110961698 A CN 110961698A CN 201911351340 A CN201911351340 A CN 201911351340A CN 110961698 A CN110961698 A CN 110961698A
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China
Prior art keywords
cavity
tool
translation
double
plate
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Granted
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CN201911351340.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN110961698B (en
Inventor
不公告发明人
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Yuyao Dongying Auto Parts Co., Ltd
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Pujiang Jishu Machinery Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201911351340.8A priority Critical patent/CN110961698B/en
Publication of CN110961698A publication Critical patent/CN110961698A/en
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Publication of CN110961698B publication Critical patent/CN110961698B/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23CMILLING
    • B23C1/00Milling machines not designed for particular work or special operations
    • B23C1/08Milling machines not designed for particular work or special operations with a plurality of vertical working-spindles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23CMILLING
    • B23C9/00Details or accessories so far as specially adapted to milling machines or cutter

Abstract

The invention discloses a machine tool capable of performing double-side synchronous milling by selecting single and double cutters, which comprises a machine tool base, wherein the middle position of the upper end surface of the machine tool base is symmetrical front and back and is fixedly provided with a supporting plate, the upper end of the supporting plate is fixedly provided with a transverse plate, the machine tool base is internally provided with a moving device, the moving device is internally provided with a rotatable supporting plate which can move front and back, left and right, and a workpiece is arranged on the upper end surface of the supporting plate, and the workpiece can be driven by the supporting plate to move front and back, left and right or rotate. The time and steps required by processing are greatly reduced, and simultaneously, one cutter can be recycled and only a single cutter is used for processing.

Description

Machine tool capable of being selectively used by single cutter and double cutters and capable of synchronously milling two surfaces
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of milling, in particular to a machine tool capable of selectively using a single cutter and a double cutter and synchronously milling two surfaces.
Background
Milling is a mechanical processing method for processing the surface of an object by using a milling cutter as a cutter, the used machine tools are called milling machines, the types of the milling machines are various, but basically, single-cutter milling is adopted, one surface needs to be processed firstly when double surfaces of a workpiece are processed, then the other surface needs to be processed, more time is needed for processing the double surfaces, and meanwhile, time is needed in the process of switching the processing surfaces, so that the processing efficiency is low. The present invention sets forth a device that solves the above problems.
Disclosure of Invention
The technical problem is as follows:
when the traditional milling machine carries out double-sided milling processing, one side needs to be processed first and the other side needs to be processed, and the processing efficiency is low.
In order to solve the problems, the present embodiment designs a machine tool capable of performing two-sided synchronous milling by using a single tool and a double tool selectively, which comprises a machine tool base, wherein a supporting plate is symmetrically and fixedly arranged in the front-back direction of the middle position of the upper end surface of the machine tool base, a transverse plate is fixedly arranged at the upper end of the supporting plate, a moving device is arranged in the machine tool base, a supporting plate capable of moving in the front-back direction and the left-right direction and rotating is arranged in the moving device, a workpiece is arranged on the upper end surface of the supporting plate, the workpiece can be driven by the supporting plate to move in the front-back direction and the left-right direction or rotate, a telescopic cavity with a downward opening is arranged in the transverse plate, a telescopic block is arranged in the telescopic cavity in the manner of sliding up and down, a transmission cavity is arranged at the upper side in the telescopic block, an adjusting device, a long sleeve for installing a cutter is vertically penetrated through the adjusting block on the left side, a short sleeve is rotatably arranged on the lower side of the adjusting block on the right side, the distance between the long sleeve and the short sleeve is adjusted through the adjusting block, the rotary workpiece can be milled through the long sleeve and the short sleeve, the outer circular surface and the inner circular surface of the workpiece can be milled synchronously, a path formed by the middle position between the inner ring and the outer ring which are required to be processed by the workpiece is a processing path, the workpiece is controlled to rotate through the rotation and the left-right movement of the supporting plate, and meanwhile, the processing route is always positioned below the middle position between the long sleeve and the short sleeve, and a switching device is arranged at the right lower part of the transmission cavity, a lifting plate is arranged in the switching device, the lifting plate can drive the short sleeve to lift, and then single-side processing can be carried out through the long sleeve.
Preferably, a lifting cavity is communicated with the rear wall of the telescopic cavity, a lifting block fixedly connected to the rear end face of the telescopic block is arranged in the lifting cavity in a vertically sliding manner, a lifting motor is fixedly arranged in the lower wall of the lifting cavity, and the upper end of the lifting motor is in power connection with a lifting screw rod in the lifting block in a threaded manner.
Wherein, adjusting device runs through to locate including controlling in the regulating block and the backward sprocket chamber of opening, the long sleeve upper end extends to the left side the fixed left sprocket that is equipped with of sprocket intracavity, right side the rotatable right side that runs through that is equipped with of sprocket chamber lower wall the rotary column of regulating block, the outer disc of rotary column is just in the right side the fixed right sprocket that is equipped with of sprocket intracavity, run through from top to bottom in the rotary column and be equipped with the through-hole, the fixed internal gear that is equipped with in rotary column upper end, the rear side is equipped with gliding driven regulating block around can, run through and the prorsad power chamber of opening about being equipped with in the driven regulating block, the rotatable double sprocket that is equipped with of power chamber lower wall, the double sprocket with left side sprocket between the right sprocket respectively around being equipped with the driving chain.
Preferably, a power motor is fixedly arranged in the lower wall of the power cavity, and the double-chain wheel is in power connection with the upper end of the power motor.
Preferably, a push-pull rod with the same rotation center as the left chain wheel is rotatably arranged on the upper end face of the adjusting block, the rear end of the push-pull rod is rotatably connected to the upper end face of the driven adjusting block and is at the same rotation center as the double chain wheels, when the adjusting blocks are close to or far away from each other, the push-pull rod can drive the driven adjusting block to synchronously move backwards or forwards, and the distance between the left chain wheel and the double chain wheels and the distance between the right chain wheel and the double chain wheels are kept unchanged.
Preferably, the front end is rotatably provided with a penetrating and threaded connection between the left wall and the right wall of the transmission cavity, the control screw is divided into a left section and a right section, the thread directions of the left section and the right section are opposite, a control motor is fixedly arranged at the front end in the left wall of the transmission cavity, the left end of the control screw is in power connection with the control motor, a guide sliding cavity is arranged at the center of the lower wall of the transmission cavity, the lower end of the driven adjusting block extends into the guide sliding cavity and can slide back and forth, and a guide sliding rod in sliding connection with the lower end in the driven adjusting block is fixedly arranged between the front wall and the rear wall of.
Wherein, auto-change over device locates including the intercommunication transmission chamber lower wall right half and just right side the switching chamber of regulating block downside, gliding locating from top to bottom of lifter plate switches the intracavity, it is equipped with the removal chamber to run through from top to bottom in the lifter plate, it is equipped with the translation groove to remove preceding back wall symmetry of chamber and intercommunication, both ends extend to around being equipped with of gliding about removing the intracavity translation board in the translation groove, run through and rotatable locating from top to bottom in the short sleeve in the translation board, the fixed transmission shaft that is equipped with in short sleeve upper end axle center, the transmission shaft upper end is passed through the through-hole and fixed be equipped with can with internal gear meshed's straight gear.
Preferably, a switching motor is fixedly arranged at the right end in the upper wall of the switching cavity, the lower end of the switching motor is in power connection with a switching screw rod in threaded connection with the right end in the lifting plate, a telescopic groove is formed in the right side in the upper right end of the adjusting block in a vertically penetrating mode, a synchronizing plate is arranged in the telescopic groove in a vertically sliding mode, the lower end of the synchronizing plate is fixedly connected to the right end of the upper end face of the translation plate, and the adjusting block can drive the translation plate to move left and right synchronously through the synchronizing plate.
Preferably, the left half part of the lower wall of the transmission cavity and the lower wall of the switching cavity are communicated with through holes with downward openings, the lower end of the long sleeve extends to the lower part of the telescopic block through the through holes on the left side, and the lower end of the short sleeve extends to the lower part of the telescopic block through the through holes on the right side.
The moving device comprises a front and rear translation cavity which is arranged in the machine tool base and has an upward opening, a front and rear translation plate is arranged in the front and rear translation cavity in a front and rear sliding mode, a front and rear translation motor is fixedly arranged at the right end in the front wall of the front and rear translation cavity, the rear end of the front and rear translation motor is in power connection with a front and rear movement screw rod in threaded connection with the right end in the front and rear translation plate, a left and right translation cavity with an upward opening is arranged in the front and rear translation plate, a left and right translation plate is arranged in the left and right translation cavity in a left and right sliding mode, a left and right movement motor is fixedly arranged in the left wall of the left and right translation cavity, the right end of the left and right movement motor is in power connection with a.
The invention has the beneficial effects that: the invention can synchronously process the two surfaces of the workpiece by the two cutters, takes the route formed by the middle point between the two surfaces as the processing route, can realize synchronous feed and processing of irregular surfaces by controlling the distance between the cutters while rotating or moving the workpiece, can mill a plane workpiece, and can process a rotary workpiece, thereby greatly shortening the time and steps required by processing, simultaneously recycling one cutter, only using a single cutter for processing, and being capable of being selectively used according to the situation.
Drawings
For ease of illustration, the invention is described in detail by the following specific examples and figures.
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of a machine tool capable of performing synchronous milling on two surfaces and selectively using a single cutter and a double cutter according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is an enlarged view of the internal structure of the "expansion block" of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the structure in the direction "A-A" in FIG. 1;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the structure in the direction "B-B" in FIG. 2;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of the structure in the direction "C-C" in FIG. 2;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of the structure in the direction "D-D" in FIG. 1.
Detailed Description
The invention will now be described in detail with reference to fig. 1-6, for ease of description, the orientations described below will now be defined as follows: the up, down, left, right, and front-back directions described below correspond to the up, down, left, right, and front-back directions in the projection relationship of fig. 1 itself.
The invention relates to a machine tool which can be used by a single cutter and a double cutter selectively and can be used for milling two surfaces synchronously, which is mainly used for milling a workpiece on one surface or two surfaces, and the invention is further explained by combining the attached drawings of the invention:
the invention relates to a machine tool capable of being selectively used by a single cutter and a double cutter and synchronously milling two surfaces, which comprises a machine tool base 11, wherein a supporting plate 12 is symmetrically and fixedly arranged in the front and back direction at the middle position of the upper end surface of the machine tool base 11, a transverse plate 13 is fixedly arranged at the upper end of the supporting plate 12, a moving device 101 is arranged in the machine tool base 11, a supporting plate 14 which can move in the front and back direction and the left and right direction and can rotate is arranged in the moving device 101, a workpiece is arranged on the upper end surface of the supporting plate 14, the workpiece can be driven to move in the front and back direction and the left and right direction or rotate through the supporting plate 14, a telescopic cavity 15 with a downward opening is arranged in the transverse plate 13, a telescopic block 16 is arranged in the telescopic cavity 15 and can slide up and down, a transmission cavity 17 is arranged at the upper side in the telescopic block 16, a long sleeve 19 for mounting a tool is arranged on the left side of the adjusting block 18 in a vertically penetrating manner, a short sleeve 20 is arranged on the right side of the adjusting block 18 in a rotatable manner, the distance between the long sleeve 19 and the short sleeve 20 is adjusted through the adjusting block 18, a rotary workpiece can be milled through the long sleeve 19 and the short sleeve 20, the outer circular surface and the inner circular surface of the workpiece can be synchronously milled, a path formed by the middle position between the inner ring and the outer ring which are required to be machined by the workpiece is a machining path, the machining path is always positioned below the middle position between the long sleeve 19 and the short sleeve 20 while the workpiece is controlled to rotate through the rotation and the left-right movement of the supporting plate 14, a switching device 103 is arranged on the right lower portion of the transmission cavity 17, a lifting plate 21 is arranged in the switching device 103, and the lifting plate 21 can drive the short sleeve 20 to lift up and down, further, the long sleeve 19 can be processed into a single surface.
Beneficially, a lifting cavity 22 is arranged in the rear wall of the telescopic cavity 15 in a communicating manner, a lifting block 23 fixedly connected to the rear end face of the telescopic block 16 is arranged in the lifting cavity 22 in a vertically slidable manner, a lifting motor 24 is fixedly arranged in the lower wall of the lifting cavity 22, and a lifting screw 25 which is connected to the lifting block 23 in a threaded manner is dynamically connected to the upper end of the lifting motor 24.
According to the embodiment, the adjusting device 102 is described in detail below, the adjusting device 102 includes a sprocket cavity 26 penetrating through the adjusting block 18 from left to right and opening backwards, the upper end of the long sleeve 19 extends to the left side, a left sprocket 27 is fixedly disposed in the sprocket cavity 26, a rotary column 29 penetrating through the adjusting block 18 from right is rotatably disposed on the lower wall of the sprocket cavity 26 at right side, a right sprocket 30 is fixedly disposed on the outer circumferential surface of the rotary column 29 and inside the sprocket cavity 26 at right side, a through hole 31 is disposed in the rotary column 29 in a penetrating manner from top to bottom, an internal gear 32 is fixedly disposed on the upper end of the rotary column 29, a driven adjusting block 33 capable of sliding back and forth is disposed on the rear side between the adjusting blocks 18, a power cavity 34 penetrating through from left to right and opening forwards is disposed in the driven adjusting block 33, a double sprocket 35 is disposed on the rotatable lower wall of the power cavity 34, and the double sprocket 35, And a transmission chain 36 is respectively wound between the right chain wheels 30.
Advantageously, a power motor 37 is fixedly arranged in the lower wall of the power cavity 34, and the double chain wheel 35 is dynamically connected to the upper end of the power motor 37.
Advantageously, the upper end face of the adjusting block 18 is rotatably provided with a push-pull rod 38 having the same rotation center as the left chain wheel 27, the rear end of the push-pull rod 38 is rotatably connected to the upper end face of the driven adjusting block 33 and having the same rotation center as the double chain wheel 35, when the adjusting blocks 18 approach or move away from each other, the push-pull rod 38 can drive the driven adjusting block 33 to synchronously move backwards or forwards, and the distance between the left chain wheel 27 and the double chain wheel 35 and the distance between the right chain wheel 30 and the double chain wheel 35 are kept constant.
Beneficially, a control screw rod 39 penetrating through and screwed into the adjusting block 18 is rotatably arranged at the front end between the left wall and the right wall of the transmission cavity 17, the control screw rod 39 is divided into a left section and a right section, the thread directions of the control screw rod 39 are opposite, a control motor 40 is fixedly arranged at the front end in the left wall of the transmission cavity 17, the left end of the control screw rod 39 is dynamically connected to the control motor 40, a guide sliding cavity 41 is arranged at the center of the lower wall of the transmission cavity 17, the lower end of the driven adjusting block 33 extends into the guide sliding cavity 41 and can slide back and forth, and a guide sliding rod 42 slidably connected to the inner lower end of the driven adjusting block 33 is fixedly arranged between the front wall and.
According to an embodiment, the switching device 103 will be described in detail below, the switching device 103 includes a switching cavity 45 disposed on the right half portion of the lower wall of the transmission cavity 17 and facing the right side of the lower side of the adjusting block 18, the lifting plate 21 is disposed in the switching cavity 45 in a vertically slidable manner, a moving cavity 46 is disposed in the lifting plate 21 in a vertically penetrating manner, the front and rear walls of the moving cavity 46 are symmetrical and are communicated with a translation groove 47, a translation plate 48 is disposed in the moving cavity 46 in a horizontally slidable manner, the front and rear ends of the translation plate extend into the translation groove 47, the short sleeve 20 is disposed in the translation plate 48 in a vertically penetrating manner and in a rotatable manner, a transmission shaft 49 is fixedly disposed on the upper end axis of the short sleeve 20, and the upper end of the transmission shaft 49 penetrates through the through hole 31 and is fixedly disposed with a spur gear.
Beneficially, a switching motor 51 is fixedly arranged at the right end in the upper wall of the switching cavity 45, a switching screw 52 which is in threaded connection with the right end in the lifting plate 21 is dynamically connected to the lower end of the switching motor 51, a telescopic groove 53 is formed in the right side of the adjusting block 18 in the upper and lower ends in a penetrating manner, a synchronizing plate 54 is arranged in the telescopic groove 53 in a vertically sliding manner, the lower end of the synchronizing plate is fixedly connected to the right end of the upper end face of the translation plate 48, and the adjusting block 18 on the right side can drive the translation plate 48 to move left and right synchronously through the.
Advantageously, the lower left half of the transmission chamber 17 and the lower wall of the switching chamber 45 are connected by a downward opening 69, the lower end of the long sleeve 19 extends through the left opening 69 to below the telescopic block 16, and the lower end of the short sleeve 20 extends through the right opening 69 to below the telescopic block 16.
According to the embodiment, the moving device 101 will be described in detail below, the moving device 101 includes a front and rear translation cavity 60 disposed in the machine tool base 11 and having an upward opening, a front and rear translation plate 61 is disposed in the front and rear translation cavity 60 in a front and rear slidable manner, a front and rear movement motor 62 is fixedly disposed at the right end in the front wall of the front and rear translation cavity 60, a front and rear movement screw 63 threadedly connected to the right end in the front and rear translation plate 61 is dynamically connected to the rear end of the front and rear movement motor 62, a left and right translation cavity 64 having an upward opening is disposed in the front and rear translation plate 61, a left and right translation plate 65 is disposed in the left and right translation cavity 64 in a left and right slidable manner, a left and right movement motor 66 is fixedly disposed in the left wall of the left and right translation cavity 64, a left and right movement screw 67 threadedly connected to the right movement motor 66 is dynamically connected, the supporting plate 14 is power-connected to the upper end of the rotating motor 68.
The following detailed description of the steps of the machine tool for performing synchronous milling on two surfaces, which is selected by using a single tool or a double tool, is described with reference to fig. 1 to 6:
in the initial state, the telescopic block 16 is at the upper limit position and is retracted in the telescopic cavity 15, the lifting plate 21 is at the lowest position in the switching cavity 45, the short sleeve 20 is flush with the lower end face of the long sleeve 19, and the spur gear 50 is meshed with the internal gear 32.
When the outer circle surface and the inner circle surface of a workpiece are synchronously machined during machining, the workpiece is clamped and fixed on the supporting plate 14, the central point between the inner circle and the outer circle is just opposite to the central position between the long sleeve 19 and the short sleeve 20, at the moment, the lifting motor 24 is started and drives the lifting screw 25 to rotate, the lifting block 23 is driven to descend through threaded connection, the telescopic block 16 is driven to descend, the cutter is driven to contact with the workpiece and be machined, at the moment, the power motor 37 is started and drives the double chain wheel 35 to rotate, the left chain wheel 27 and the right chain wheel 30 are driven to synchronously rotate through the transmission chain 36, the left chain wheel 27 drives the cutter to rotate through the long sleeve 19, the right chain wheel 30 drives the inner gear 32 to rotate through the rotating column 29, the straight gear 50 is driven to rotate through gear meshing, the short sleeve 20 is driven to rotate through the transmission shaft 49, the cutter is driven to, meanwhile, the control motor 40 is started and drives the control screw rod 39 to rotate, the adjusting blocks 18 are controlled to be close to or away from each other through threaded connection, the long sleeve 19 and the cutter are driven to move by the adjusting block 18 on the left side, the translation plate 48 is driven to synchronously move left and right by the adjusting block 18 on the right side through the synchronization plate 54, the short sleeve 20 and the cutter are driven to synchronously move so as to realize feed and retract, at the moment, the rotating motor 68 is started and drives the supporting plate 14 to rotate so as to drive the workpiece to change the surface and mill the inner and outer circular surfaces of the workpiece, the vertical feed is realized by controlling the telescopic block 16 to descend, if the inner and outer walls of the workpiece to be processed are irregular circles, an irregular path formed by a central point between the inner and outer surfaces is calculated through a computer, when the supporting plate 14 is driven to rotate by the rotating motor 68, the left and right moving motor 66 is started and drives the left and right moving plate, further ensuring that the calculated path of the middle point is always kept at the central point between the long sleeve 19 and the short sleeve 20, and controlling the distance between the cutters by controlling the distance between the adjusting blocks 18, thereby controlling the distance between each point of the inner wall and each point of the outer wall;
when plane machining is carried out, a workpiece is fixed on the supporting plate 14 in the same way, a middle point is placed between the long sleeve 19 and the short sleeve 20, the front-back moving motor 62 is started and drives the front-back moving screw 63 to rotate during machining, the front-back moving plate 61 is controlled to move front and back through threaded connection, the left-right moving plate 65 is combined to move left and right, the workpiece is driven to move front and back, the left end face and the right end face of the workpiece are milled through a cutter, meanwhile, the central line of the workpiece is ensured to be always located at the central position between the long sleeve 19 and the short sleeve 20 through the left-right moving plate 65, and meanwhile, the cutter is controlled to be close to or far away from each other;
when a single-cutter machining is needed, the switching motor 51 is started and drives the switching screw 52 to rotate, the lifting plate 21 is driven to ascend through threaded connection, the short sleeve 20 is driven to ascend through the translation plate 48, the straight gear 50 is driven to ascend through the transmission shaft 49 and is disengaged from the inner gear 32, and machining can be conducted only through the cutter below the long sleeve 19.
The invention has the beneficial effects that: the invention can synchronously process the two surfaces of the workpiece by the two cutters, takes the route formed by the middle point between the two surfaces as the processing route, can realize synchronous feed and processing of irregular surfaces by controlling the distance between the cutters while rotating or moving the workpiece, can mill a plane workpiece, and can process a rotary workpiece, thereby greatly shortening the time and steps required by processing, simultaneously recycling one cutter, only using a single cutter for processing, and being capable of being selectively used according to the situation.
In the above manner, a person skilled in the art can make various changes depending on the operation mode within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a machine tool that single double knives selected to use and can carry out two synchronous mills, includes the machine tool base, its characterized in that: the middle position of the upper end surface of the machine tool base is symmetrical front and back and is fixedly provided with a supporting plate, the upper end of the supporting plate is fixedly provided with a transverse plate, the machine tool base is internally provided with a moving device, the moving device is internally provided with a supporting plate which can move front and back, left and right and can rotate, a workpiece is arranged on the upper end surface of the supporting plate, and the supporting plate can drive the workpiece to move front and back, left and right or;
the milling device is characterized in that a telescopic cavity with a downward opening is arranged in the transverse plate, a telescopic block is arranged in the telescopic cavity and can slide up and down, a transmission cavity is arranged at the upper side in the telescopic block, an adjusting device is arranged in the transmission cavity, adjusting blocks which are bilaterally symmetrical and can slide left and right in the transmission cavity are arranged in the adjusting device, a long sleeve for mounting a cutter is arranged on the adjusting block on the left side in a vertically penetrating manner, a short sleeve is arranged on the lower side of the adjusting block on the right side in a rotatable manner, the distance between the long sleeve and the short sleeve is adjusted through the adjusting blocks, a rotary workpiece can be milled through the long sleeve and the short sleeve, the outer circular surface and the inner circular surface of the workpiece can be synchronously milled, a path formed by the middle position between the inner ring and the outer ring of the workpiece to be processed is a processing path, and the workpiece is controlled to be positioned below the middle position between the long sleeve and the short sleeve A method for preparing;
and a switching device is arranged at the right lower part of the transmission cavity, a lifting plate is arranged in the switching device, the lifting plate can drive the short sleeve to lift, and then single-side processing can be carried out through the long sleeve.
2. A machine tool for simultaneous milling of two surfaces for selective use with a single tool or a double tool according to claim 1, wherein: the lifting cavity is communicated with the inner side of the rear wall of the telescopic cavity, a lifting block fixedly connected to the rear end face of the telescopic block is arranged in the lifting cavity in a vertically sliding mode, a lifting motor is fixedly arranged in the lower wall of the lifting cavity, and the upper end of the lifting motor is in power connection with a lifting screw rod in the lifting block in a threaded mode.
3. A machine tool for simultaneous milling of two surfaces for selective use with a single tool or a double tool according to claim 1, wherein: adjusting device runs through about including and locates in the regulating block and the sprocket chamber of opening backward, the long sleeve upper end extends to the left side the sprocket intracavity is fixed and is equipped with left sprocket, right side the rotatable right side that runs through that is equipped with of sprocket chamber lower wall the rotary column of regulating block, the outer disc of rotary column is just in the right side the fixed right sprocket that is equipped with of sprocket intracavity, run through from top to bottom in the rotary column and be equipped with the through-hole, the fixed internal gear that is equipped with in rotary column upper end, the rear side is equipped with gliding driven regulating block around can between the regulating block, run through and the prorsad power chamber of opening about being equipped with in the driven regulating block, the rotatable double sprocket that is equipped with of power chamber lower wall, the double sprocket with left side sprocket between the right sprocket respectively around being equipped.
4. A machine tool for simultaneous milling of two surfaces for selective use with a single tool or a double tool according to claim 3, wherein: and a power motor is fixedly arranged in the lower wall of the power cavity, and the double-chain wheel is in power connection with the upper end of the power motor.
5. A machine tool for simultaneous milling of two surfaces for selective use with a single tool or a double tool according to claim 1, wherein: the upper end face of the adjusting block is rotatably provided with a push-pull rod which has the same rotation center as the left chain wheel, the rear end of the push-pull rod is rotatably connected to the upper end face of the driven adjusting block and has the same rotation center as the double chain wheels, when the adjusting blocks are close to or far away from each other, the push-pull rod can drive the driven adjusting block to synchronously move backwards or forwards, and the distance between the left chain wheel and the double chain wheels and the distance between the right chain wheel and the double chain wheels are kept unchanged.
6. A machine tool for simultaneous milling of two surfaces for selective use with a single tool or a double tool according to claim 1, wherein: the rotatable being equipped with of front end runs through and threaded connection in between the wall of transmission chamber left and right sides control screw in the regulating block, control screw divides two sections and screw thread opposite direction in the left and right sides, the fixed control motor that is equipped with of front end in the wall of transmission chamber left side, control screw left end power connect in control motor, transmission chamber lower wall center is equipped with leads smooth chamber, driven regulating block lower extreme extends to but lead smooth intracavity and front and back slip, it is fixed sliding connection in to be equipped with between the wall of leading smooth chamber the guide slide bar of lower extreme in the driven regulating block.
7. A machine tool for simultaneous milling of two surfaces for selective use with a single tool or a double tool according to claim 1, wherein: switching device locates including the intercommunication transmission chamber lower wall right half and just right side the switching chamber of regulating block downside, the lifter plate can be gliding locates from top to bottom switch the intracavity, it is equipped with the removal chamber to run through from top to bottom in the lifter plate, it is equipped with the translation groove to remove preceding back wall symmetry of chamber and intercommunication, both ends extend to around being equipped with of the intracavity horizontal slip both ends in the translation groove translation board, run through and rotatable locating from top to bottom in the short sleeve in the translation board, the fixed transmission shaft that is equipped with in short sleeve upper end axle center, the transmission shaft upper end is passed through the through-hole and fixed be equipped with can with internal gear meshed's straight-tooth gear.
8. A machine tool for simultaneous milling of two surfaces for selective use with a single tool or a double tool according to claim 7, wherein: the switching motor is fixedly arranged at the right end in the upper wall of the switching cavity, the lower end of the switching motor is in power connection with a switching screw rod in threaded connection with the right end in the lifting plate, a telescopic groove is formed in the right side of the right end in the adjusting block in a vertically penetrating mode, the lower end of the adjusting block can be fixedly connected to a synchronizing plate at the right end of the upper end face of the translation plate in a vertically sliding mode, and the adjusting block can pass through the synchronizing plate and drive the translation plate to move left and right synchronously.
9. A machine tool for simultaneous milling of two surfaces for selective use with a single tool or a double tool according to claim 1, wherein: the transmission chamber lower wall left half portion and switch chamber lower wall intercommunication and be equipped with the downward opening of opening, the long sleeve lower extreme passes through the left side the opening extends to flexible piece below, the short sleeve lower extreme passes through the right side the opening extends to flexible piece below.
10. A machine tool for simultaneous milling of two surfaces for selective use with a single tool or a double tool according to claim 1, wherein: the moving device comprises a front and rear translation cavity which is arranged in the machine tool base and has an upward opening, a front and rear translation plate is arranged in the front and rear translation cavity in a front and rear sliding mode, a front and rear movement motor is fixedly arranged at the right end in the front and rear translation cavity, the rear end of the front and rear movement motor is in power connection with a front and rear movement screw rod in threaded connection with the right end in the front and rear translation plate, a left and right translation cavity with an upward opening is arranged in the front and rear translation plate, a left and right translation plate is arranged in the left and right translation cavity in a left and right sliding mode, a left and right movement motor is fixedly arranged in the left and right translation cavity, the right end of the left and right movement motor is in power connection with a left and right movement screw rod.
CN201911351340.8A 2019-12-24 2019-12-24 Machine tool capable of being selectively used by single cutter and double cutters and capable of synchronously milling two surfaces Active CN110961698B (en)

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CN201815727U (en) * 2010-08-25 2011-05-04 杭州永利百合实业有限公司 Double-head and double-surface flatly-milling device of pin shaft
CN201833044U (en) * 2010-09-09 2011-05-18 宁波市汽车轴瓦厂 Double-side processing machine for thrust shoe side oil groove
KR20140065877A (en) * 2012-11-22 2014-05-30 서윤식 Apparatus for cutting object in dual manner
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CN204171426U (en) * 2014-09-26 2015-02-25 福州钜立机动车配件有限公司 A kind of facing cutter being applicable to connecting rod Double Milling lathe
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