CN107573115A - Tower environmentally friendly fermentation system and method - Google Patents

Tower environmentally friendly fermentation system and method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107573115A
CN107573115A CN201710736784.8A CN201710736784A CN107573115A CN 107573115 A CN107573115 A CN 107573115A CN 201710736784 A CN201710736784 A CN 201710736784A CN 107573115 A CN107573115 A CN 107573115A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fermentation
tower
environmentally friendly
clinker
dividing
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CN201710736784.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
邓秀泉
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Guangxi Liyuanbao Technology Co Ltd
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Guangxi Liyuanbao Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201710736784.8A priority Critical patent/CN107573115A/en
Publication of CN107573115A publication Critical patent/CN107573115A/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

The present invention is tower environmentally friendly fermentation system and method.The tower environmentally friendly fermentation system includes fermentation tower, material lift equipment, tail gas odor removal, the material lift equipment is installed on the side of the fermentation tower and output end is located at the top of fermentation tower, and the tail gas odor removal setting is installed on the tower body of the fermentation tower or tower body is outer and is connected by pipeline with the inner chamber of the fermentation tower;The fermentation tower is two or two more parallels are installed and are provided with automatic feeder and/or material-dividing and delivery on fermentation tower.The fermentation process comprises the following steps:Step S1:Charging setting;Step S2:Material lifting;Step S3:Material dosing enters tower;Step S4:Material fermentation;Step S5:Clinker exports.Technical scheme provided by the invention can make multiple fermentation towers form Automated condtrol charging and discharging in a Unified Set and disclosure satisfy that the tower environmentally friendly fermentation system of large-scale industrialized connection production requirement, and occupation area of equipment is smaller, and operating efficiency is higher.

Description

Tower environmentally friendly fermentation system and method
Technical field
The invention belongs to Zymolysis Equipment technical field, is related to a kind of tower ring that can carry out scale, automated production Protect fermentation system and method.
Background technology
Have and prepared using debirs fermentation in the practice of production organic fertilizer, in order to improve operating efficiency, people are often Fermentation operation is carried out by various Zymolysis Equipment.Because floor space is relatively small and sealed fermenting, tail gas are relatively easily collected Processing, people start to carry out fermentation operation using tower Zymolysis Equipment more and more.
However, because the material in processing and manufacturing and fermentation process turns, led to the restriction of the factors such as oxygen, fermentation tower monomer is past It is very big toward being difficult to be made, so being only suitable for carrying out small-scale fermenting and producing use.And due to being often used aloned, each What is be all equipped with is small-sized, intermittent material lift equipment, to fermentation tower addition fermented organic material all can only be it is artificial quantitative and Batch (-type) is carried out, and production operation efficiency is low.
If desired when the organic matter doses of fermentation process is very big, also has tried to using multiple fermentation towers while use, but Because a set of charging and drawing mechanism is used alone in each fermentation tower, substantial amounts of fabricating yard space is both occupied, has been divided again Other multiple spot manually quantitatively adds fermented organic material and the fermentation clinker multiple spot of each fermentation tower discharges respectively, can not form one The complete rational work production line of bar, operation is very numerous and diverse, and efficiency is low, can not carry out scale, batch production continuous production.
If should play, fermentation tower floor space is small, fermentation is closed, is easy to the advantages of collection fermentation tail gas, again can Large-scale industrialized connection production is enough advantageously applied to, and realizes automatic feed and discharging in Unified Set, then must will be more Individual fermentation tower is scientifically and rationally intensive into complete " the tower environmentally friendly fermentation system " of One function, but not yet sends out in the market The existing equipment that disclosure satisfy that such technical requirements, therefore, " the tower environmentally friendly fermentation system " for designing and developing complete function is ten Divide necessary.
The content of the invention
It is to make multiple hairs that the present invention, which discloses a kind of tower environmentally friendly fermentation system and method, its technical problem underlying to be solved, Ferment tower forms Automated condtrol charging and discharging in a Unified Set and disclosure satisfy that large-scale industrialized connection production requirement Tower environmentally friendly fermentation system, and occupation area of equipment is smaller, and operating efficiency is higher.
The present invention is solved its technical problem and realized using following technical scheme.
The present invention discloses a kind of tower environmentally friendly fermentation system, including fermentation tower, material lift equipment, tail gas odor removal, The material lift equipment is installed on the side of the fermentation tower and output end is located at the top of fermentation tower, the tail gas deodorization dress Install and be installed on the tower body of the fermentation tower or tower body is outer and is connected by pipeline with the inner chamber of the fermentation tower;Its feature It is:The fermentation tower is two or two more parallels are installed and are provided with automatic feeder and/or sub-material on fermentation tower Conveyer;
The automatic feeder is made up of scale hooper and weighing sensor, and the weighing sensor is connected and installed in described On the tower body of fermentation tower charging aperture side, the scale hooper is connected and installed on the weighing sensor and the material lift equipment The lower section of output end;
The automatic feeder is by being installed on the electronic measurement conveying mechanism above fermentation tower into the electronic measurement is defeated The input of machine is sent to be connected to the output end of the material lift equipment, the output end of the electronic measurement conveyer is connected to institute Above the charging aperture for stating fermentation tower;
The material-dividing and delivery includes main road material-dividing and delivery and/or branch road material-dividing and delivery;The main road sub-material conveying The input of machine is connected and installed in below the material lift equipment output end, the main road material-dividing and delivery output end connection peace Loaded on the fermentation tower charging aperture or the scale hooper, electronic measurement conveyer input;The branch road material-dividing and delivery it is defeated Enter end to be connected and installed in below the material lift equipment output end or the output end of main road material-dividing and delivery, the branch road sub-material Conveyer output end is connected and installed in above the input of scale hooper or the electronic measurement conveyer.
The present invention, which solves its technical problem, can also be applied to the following technical measures to achieve further.
Preferably, above-mentioned tower environmentally friendly fermentation system, it also includes distribution chute;The distribution chute sets and is installed on Material lift equipment or main road material-dividing and delivery the output end lower section and the input of the scale hooper or electronic measurement conveyer End top.
Preferably, above-mentioned tower environmentally friendly fermentation system, its described distribution chute sets at least two chute discharging openings; The chute discharging opening is connected to above scale hooper or electronic measurement the conveyer input;Set above the chute discharging opening Put the chute feeding distribution mechanism for being provided with and material being switched to distribution any of which chute discharging opening.
Preferably, above-mentioned tower environmentally friendly fermentation system, its described main road material-dividing and delivery, branch road material-dividing and delivery are spiral shells Revolve conveyer or/and belt conveyor;
Preferably, above-mentioned tower environmentally friendly fermentation system, offered below its described conveying worm several it is artificial or The main road discharging opening of automatic control of opening/closing;Several manual or automatic control feeding distribution mechanisms are provided with the belt conveyor; The conveying worm is Shaftless screw conveyor.
Preferably, above-mentioned tower environmentally friendly fermentation system, it also includes clinker output device;The clinker output device is The belt conveyor or/and conveying worm being installed on below the fermentation tower discharging opening are set.
Preferably, above-mentioned tower environmentally friendly fermentation system, its described clinker output device also includes uniformly collecting clinker The belt conveyor or conveying worm of output.
Preferably, above-mentioned tower environmentally friendly fermentation system, its described material lift equipment is high inclination-angle rib Belt Conveying Machine or rib belt conveyor, conveying worm, bucket elevator.
Preferably, above-mentioned tower environmentally friendly fermentation system, its described tail gas odor removal is using UV photodissociation oxidation deodorization process Or UV photodissociation oxidizing process and fragment ions method, biological decomposition method, zinc cation method, direct combustion method, active carbon adsorption, change Learn catalysis method or Ozonation one or more joint deodorization.
Preferably, above-mentioned tower environmentally friendly fermentation system, the charging aperture of its fermentation tower are offset to the side of tower body;Institute State fermentation tower for two or two it is installed above when, described fermentation tower charging aperture opens up nearby in opposite directions two-by-two.
Preferably, above-mentioned tower environmentally friendly fermentation system, its described clinker output device rear end is connected and installed with product and added Construction equipment;
The Product processing equipment includes processing proportioner and/or processing agitating device, processing breaker, processes and make Grain device, processing cooling device, processing screening plant, processing Automatic Weighing and Packing Equipment, processing palletizing apparatus.
Preferably, above-mentioned tower environmentally friendly fermentation system, its described material lift equipment front end is connected and installed with fermentation Manage equipment;
The fermentation process equipment include fermentation batches device and/or fermentation agitating device, fermentation breaker, ferment to Expect device.
Preferably, above-mentioned tower environmentally friendly fermentation system, its described processing proportioner and/or fermentation batches device are electricity Son control proportioner, the processing breaker and/or fermentation breaker are vertical or horizontal chained disintegrating machine.
Preferably, above-mentioned tower environmentally friendly fermentation system, its described clinker output device also with the fermentation batches device Or fermentation agitating device connection.
Preferably, above-mentioned tower environmentally friendly fermentation system, its described fermentation tower is to be pacified by multilayer fermentation tray stack is three-dimensional Fill the square tower or/and cylindrical column of composition.
Preferably, above-mentioned tower environmentally friendly fermentation system, its described cylindrical column have built-in agitating shaft and stirring vane;Institute It is uniformly to be offered to fermentation materials on hollow structure and the agitating shaft and stirring vane to state built-in agitating shaft and stirring vane The air vent of ventilation oxygenation;The middle cavity of the agitating shaft and stirring vane connects with oxygenation blower fan.
Preferably, above-mentioned tower environmentally friendly fermentation system, it also includes automatic controller;The automatic controller with it is described Material lift equipment, tail gas odor removal, automatic feeder, chute feeding distribution mechanism, branch road material-dividing and delivery, main road sub-material are defeated Machine, clinker output device is sent to be electrically connected.
The invention discloses a kind of method fermented using tower environmentally friendly fermentation system, it comprises the following steps:
Step S1:Charging setting:The elder generation of each charging total amount of each fermentation tower and charging is set on system controller Order afterwards;
Step S2:Material lifting:The organic materials for needing to ferment is promoted to by the upper of fermentation tower by material lift equipment Side;
Step S3:Material dosing enters tower:Lifted through material lift equipment pass through to the organic materials above fermentation tower it is automatic Feed arrangement is quantitatively added in fermentation tower;
Step S4:Material fermentation:The organic materials being added to through automatic feeder in fermentation tower carries out the hair of 3~20 days Ferment;
Step S5:Clinker exports:Organic materials is transported out after fermentation is completed in fermentation tower by clinker output device.
Preferably, the method for above-mentioned tower environmentally friendly fermentation system fermentation, its step S1 are also being lifted including organic materials It is preceding by dispensing or/and broken;
Step S3 is also disposably added in fermentation tower or divided including fermented organic material and is added to several times in fermentation tower; Fermented organic material is added in fermentation tower or is respectively added to simultaneously in multiple fermentation towers one by one;
Step S5 is also disposably exported or divided out of fermentation tower including fermentation clinker and exports several times;The clinker that ferments is defeated one by one Go out or multiple while export;The fermentation tower of emptying repeats the above steps S1, step S2, step S3 and step S4 circulating fermentation again Operation.
Preferably, the method for above-mentioned tower environmentally friendly fermentation system fermentation, its step S3 and step S5 also have including fermentation The clinker that fermented while machine material is added in fermentation tower exports out of fermentation tower.
The present invention has clear advantage and beneficial effect compared with prior art.By above-mentioned technical proposal, the present invention Tower environmentally friendly fermentation system and method at least have following advantages and beneficial effect:
First, Automated condtrol management in Unified Set can be realized, meet the requirement of large-scale industrialized continuous production, charging and Discharge centralized and automatic, and more single independent operation control production operation efficiency improves more than 50%.
2nd, device layout installation more rationally it is compact, occupied ground space than it is multiple individually control using reduce by 40% with On.
3rd, production management cost is greatly lowered.
Described above is only the general introduction of technical solution of the present invention, in order to better understand the technological means of the present invention, And can be practiced according to the content of specification, and in order to allow the above and other objects, features and advantages of the present invention can Become apparent, below especially exemplified by preferred embodiment, and coordinate accompanying drawing, describe in detail as follows.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structure of the main view of the tower environmentally friendly fermentation system embodiment one of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the structure schematic side view of the tower environmentally friendly fermentation system embodiment one of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the structure of the main view of the tower environmentally friendly fermentation system embodiment two of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the structure schematic top plan view of the tower environmentally friendly fermentation system embodiment two of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is the structure schematic side view of the tower environmentally friendly fermentation system embodiment two of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is the structure of the main view of the tower environmentally friendly fermentation system embodiment three of the present invention.
Fig. 7 is the structure schematic top plan view of the tower environmentally friendly fermentation system embodiment three of the present invention.
Fig. 8 is the structure schematic side view of the tower environmentally friendly fermentation system embodiment three of the present invention.
Fig. 9 is the structure of the main view of the tower environmentally friendly fermentation system example IV of the present invention.
Figure 10 is the structure schematic side view of the tower environmentally friendly fermentation system example IV of the present invention.
Figure 11 is the structure of the main view of the tower environmentally friendly fermentation system embodiment five of the present invention.
Figure 12 is the structure schematic top plan view of the tower environmentally friendly fermentation system embodiment five of the present invention.
Figure 13 is the structure schematic side view of the tower environmentally friendly fermentation system embodiment five of the present invention.
【Main element symbol description】
1:Fermentation tower 11:Fermentation tower charging aperture
12:Fermentation tower discharging opening 13:Agitating shaft
14:Stirring vane 15:Oxygenation air vent
16:Oxygenation blower fan 2:Material lift equipment
3:Tail gas odor removal 4:Automatic feeder
41:Scale hooper 42:Weighing sensor
43:Electronic measurement conveyer 5:Distribution chute
51:Chute discharging opening 52:Chute feeding distribution mechanism
6:Material-dividing and delivery 61:Main road material-dividing and delivery
62:Branch road material-dividing and delivery 63:Main road discharging opening
64:Main road feeding distribution mechanism 7:Clinker output device
71:Clinker conveying worm 72:Clinker belt conveyor
73:Clinker collects belt conveyor 8:Product processing equipment
81:Process proportioner 82:Process agitating device
83:Process breaker 84:Process prilling granulator
85:Process cooling device 86:Process screening plant
87:Process Automatic Weighing and Packing Equipment 88:Process palletizing apparatus
9:Fermentation process equipment 91:Fermentation batches device
92:Ferment agitating device 93:Ferment breaker
94:Fermentation feedstocks device 941:It is fed storage bin hopper
942:Feeding belt conveyer 10:System controller
Embodiment
Further to illustrate the present invention to reach the technological means and effect that predetermined goal of the invention is taken, below in conjunction with Accompanying drawing and preferred embodiment, to according to tower its embodiment of environmentally friendly fermentation system proposed by the present invention, structure, method, Step, feature and its effect, describe in detail as after.
A kind of method fermented using tower environmentally friendly fermentation system of the present invention, is comprised the following steps:
Step S1:Charging setting:The elder generation of each charging total amount of each fermentation tower and charging is set on system controller Order afterwards;
Step S2:Material lifting:The organic materials for needing to ferment is promoted to by the upper of fermentation tower by material lift equipment Side;
Step S3:Material dosing enters tower:Lifted through material lift equipment pass through to the organic materials above fermentation tower it is automatic Feed arrangement is quantitatively added in fermentation tower;
Step S4:Material fermentation:The organic materials being added to through automatic feeder in fermentation tower carries out the hair of 3~20 days Ferment;
Step S5:Clinker exports:Organic materials is transported out after fermentation is completed in fermentation tower by clinker output device; The fermentation tower of emptying repeats the above steps S1, step S2, step S3 and step S4 circulating fermentation operation again.
In a specific embodiment of the present invention using tower environmentally friendly fermentation system fermentation process, its specific steps is such as Under:
Step S1:Charging setting:Set on the system controller each each charging total amount of the fermentation tower as 35 tons and each fermentation tower are completed to feed one by one;
Step S2:Material lifting:The chicken manure mixed material for the moisture 45% for needing to ferment is loaded into by loading machine hair Metering device, the feeding coal of adjustment quantitative charging gear are defeated through metering device to sets requirement, chicken manure mixed material Material lift equipment is sent to, chicken manure mixed material is delivered to the over top of fermentation tower by material lift equipment;
Step S3:Material dosing enters tower:Chicken manure mixed material is transported to automatic feeder by material lift equipment, automatically Feed arrangement is quantitatively added chicken manure mixed material to 35 tons set to fermentation tower by each group 0.5 ton of weight metering mode and entered Doses, so disposably fed one by one to multiple fermentation towers;
Step S4:Material fermentation:Chicken manure mixed material carries out aerobic fermentation 5 days after completing charging in fermentation tower, therebetween 6th~12 hour, the fermentation temperature of chicken manure mixed material was increased to chicken manure mixed material after more than 60 DEG C, 96~120 hours Fermentation temperature, which starts to gradually reduce, returns to normal temperature, chicken manure mixed material fermentation ends, and the chicken manure for being converted into moisture 30% is sent out The organic clinker of ferment;
Step S5:Clinker exports:It is the organic clinker of chicken manure fermenting that chicken manure mixed material completes microbe conversion in fermentation tower Afterwards from the discharging opening discharge of fermentation tower bottom, fall on the clinker output device being disposed below and transport out, so one by one one Secondary property exports the organic clinker of chicken manure fermenting in fermentation tower;The fermentation tower of emptying repeats the above steps S1, step S2, step again S3 and step S4 circulating fermentation operation.
The embodiment of the tower environmentally friendly fermentation system of the present invention is as follows.
Embodiment one:
Refer to shown in Fig. 1, Fig. 2, the tower environmentally friendly fermentation system of the embodiment of the present invention one is by fermentation tower 1, material lifting Equipment 2, tail gas odor removal 3, automatic feeder 4, distribution chute 5, clinker output device 7 and fermentation process equipment 9 are formed; The material lift equipment 2 is installed on the side of the fermentation tower 1 and output end is located at the top of fermentation tower 1, and the tail gas removes The smelly setting of device 3 is installed on the tower body of the fermentation tower 1 or tower body is outer and is connected by the inner chamber of pipeline and the fermentation tower 1 Logical, the automatic feeder 4 is connected and installed in the top of fermentation tower charging aperture 11 of the fermentation tower 1, and the distribution chute 5 connects Connect and be installed on below the top of automatic feeder 4 and the output end of material lift equipment 2, the connection installation of clinker output device 7 In the lower section of fermentation tower discharging opening 12 of the fermentation tower, the fermentation process equipment 9 is connected and installed in the material lift equipment 2 Input;The fermentation tower 1 is two and is installed in parallel.
The automatic feeder 4 is made up of scale hooper 41 and weighing sensor 42, and the weighing sensor 42 has four, It is connected and installed in respectively on the tower body component of the side of fermentation tower charging aperture 11 of the fermentation tower 1, the bucket edge of the scale hooper 41 Support is connected and installed on four weighing sensors 42;The distribution chute 5 sets and is installed on the material lift equipment 2 Output end lower section and the top of the scale hooper 41, the distribution chute 5 are provided with two chute discharging openings 51;The chute goes out Material mouth 51 is connected to the top of scale hooper 41;Set to be provided with material can be switched on the chute discharging opening 51 and distribute it In any chute discharging opening 51 chute feeding distribution mechanism 52.When fermented organic material is promoted to institute through the material lift equipment 2 The top of fermentation tower 1 is stated, is discharged into the distribution chute 5, can be realized by the chute feeding distribution mechanism 52 and arrange organic materials Any one the described chute discharging opening 51 entered below, organic materials are discharged into the institute below through the chute discharging opening 51 The scale hooper 41 of automatic feeder 4 is stated, is carried out by the scale hooper 41 of the automatic feeder 4 per a pipeful of measuring fixed amount It is discharged into again inside the fermentation tower 1 below, so as to realize that the automatic ration of the fermentation tower 1 is fed.
Unified centralized collection and conveying for the ease of the clinker that ferments, the system set and are provided with clinker output device 7. The clinker output device 7 is made up of clinker conveying worm 71 and clinker belt conveyor 72, wherein clinker conveying worm 71 are installed on the lower section of the fermentation tower discharging opening 12 of the fermentation tower 1, the input connection peace of the clinker belt conveyor 72 Output end loaded on the clinker conveying worm 71.
In order to realize extensive charging and even feeding, the front end of the material lift equipment 2, which is set, is provided with hair Ferment processing equipment 9;The fermentation process equipment 9 is by storage bin hopper and feeding belt conveying mechanism into the feeding belt conveyer Input be installed on the lower section of the storage bin hopper, output end is installed on the input of the material lift equipment 2;Pass through regulation The speed of service of feeding belt conveyer and the size of storage bin hopper discharging opening, it is possible to achieve the regulation of feeding coal size.
In order to save equipment fabricating yard space, the material lift equipment 2 be can with the bucket elevator of vertical-lift, The charging aperture of the bucket elevator is connected to the output end of the feeding belt conveyer of the fermentation process equipment 9, discharging opening position In the top of the distribution chute 5.
In order to reduce influence of the fermentation tail gas to external environment condition, clean manufacturing is realized, the fermentation system sets installation energy Enough tail gas odor removals 3 that deodorizing process is carried out to fermentation tail gas.The tail gas odor removal is carried out using UV photodissociation oxidizing process Deodorization, if fermentation tail gas stink is denser, it can also use UV photodissociation oxidizing process and fragment ions method, biological decomposition method, biology Washing method, direct combustion method, active carbon adsorption, chemical catalysis or Ozonation one or more joint deodorization.
The fermentation tower 1 is cylindrical column, described for the ease of feeding and reducing the setting height(from bottom) of material lift equipment 2 The fermentation tower charging aperture 11 of fermentation tower 1 is offset to the side at the top of tower body, and the fermentation tower charging aperture of two fermentation towers 1 11 open up nearby in opposite directions two-by-two.
To realize centralized and automatic control, the fermentation system sets and is provided with system controller 10;The system control Device 10 and the material lift equipment 2, tail gas odor removal 3, automatic feeder 4, distribution chute 5, clinker output device 7 and Fermentation process equipment 9 is electrically connected;The system controller is controlled using PLC or PAC.
Embodiment two:
Referring to shown in Fig. 3, Fig. 4, Fig. 5, the tower environmentally friendly fermentation system of the embodiment of the present invention two is similar to embodiment one, Differ only in:
The fermentation tower is three and is installed in parallel use.
The automatic feeder 4 is made up of the electronic measurement conveyer 43 for being installed on the top of fermentation tower 1;The electrometer It is electronic measurement belt conveyor to measure conveyer 43, and its input is connected to the output end of the material lift equipment 2, output end It is connected to the top of fermentation tower charging aperture 11 of the fermentation tower 1.Organic materials arrives the hair through the material lift equipment 2 lifting Ferment top of tower, fall on the electronic measurement conveyer 43 through the distribution chute 5, carried out by the electronic measurement conveyer 43 Weight metering is conveyed into the fermentation tower 1, realizes the automatic feed to the fermentation tower 1.
The material lift equipment 2 is conveying worm.
The fermentation process equipment 9 is by storage bin hopper and pressure feeding spiral conveying mechanism into the defeated of, the pressure feeding spiral conveyer Enter the lower section that end is connected and installed in the storage bin hopper, output end is connected and installed in the input i.e. thing of the material lift equipment 2 The input of material lifting conveying worm;Feeding coal size can be realized by the speed of service for adjusting pressure feeding spiral conveyer Regulation.
Embodiment three:
Referring to shown in Fig. 6, Fig. 7, Fig. 8, the tower environmentally friendly fermentation system of the embodiment of the present invention three is similar to embodiment one, Differ only in:
The fermentation tower is six and is installed in parallel use;The material lift equipment 2 is high inclination-angle rib belt conveyor.
When multiple fermentation towers 1 are installed in parallel in use, in order to realize unit interval bigger inlet amount and Geng Gao Reliability is produced, the fermentation system sets installation material-dividing and delivery 6.The material-dividing and delivery 6 includes main road material-dividing and delivery 61 and branch road material-dividing and delivery 62, wherein to be located at the material lift equipment 2 defeated for the input of the main road material-dividing and delivery 61 Go out end lower section, the input of the branch road material-dividing and delivery 62 is positioned at the lower section of main road material-dividing and delivery 61;The branch road point Material conveyer 62 has three, is connected and installed between the fermentation tower charging aperture 11 of the two neighboring fermentation tower 1, the branch road point Material conveyer both ends, the top of scale hooper 41 of the automatic feeder 4 respectively offer a discharging opening;The main road sub-material is defeated Send the lower section of machine 61, the top corresponding to three branch road material-dividing and deliveries 62 offers one respectively can be with automatic control of opening/closing Main road discharging opening 63;The main road material-dividing and delivery 61 and branch road material-dividing and delivery 62 are Shaftless screw conveyors.
The clinker that the clinker output device 7 also includes uniformly collecting clinker output collects belt conveyor 73, and this is ripe Material collects the output end that belt conveyor 73 is connected to two clinker belt conveyors 72, collects two clinker belts of conveying The fermentation clinker that the conveying of conveyer 72 comes, complete the unified centralized collection conveying of fermentation clinker.
In order that organic clinker that the fermentation system ferments out can conveniently and efficiently be processed into the fertilizer of all size Expect product, installation Product processing equipment 8 is connected in the rear end of clinker output device 7.The Product processing equipment 8 is included successively The clinker for being connected and installed in the clinker output device 7 collects the processing proportioner 81 of the rear end of belt conveyor 73, processing is stirred Mix device 82, process breaker 83, processing prilling granulator 84, processing cooling device 85, processing screening plant 86, processing weighing Packing device 87 and processing palletizing apparatus 88.
In order to preferably adjust the indexs such as the nutrient structure of fermentation materials, moisture, organic materials is set to enter institute It can quickly and efficiently complete to ferment after stating fermentation tower 1, installation fermentation process equipment 9 is set in the fermentation system.It is described Fermentation process equipment 9 includes fermentation batches device 91, fermentation agitating device 92, fermentation breaker 93 and Fermentation feedstocks device 94, wherein the Fermentation feedstocks device 94 is connected and installed in the front end of the material lift equipment 2, the fermentation breaker 93 The front end of the Fermentation feedstocks device 94 is connected and installed in, the fermentation agitating device 92 is connected and installed in the broken dress of the fermentation 93 front end is put, the fermentation batches device 91 is connected and installed in the front end of the fermentation agitating device 92.
In order to improve the degree of accuracy of fermentation materials allotment and efficiency, the processing proportioner 81 and fermentation batches device 91 Using Electronic Control proportioner.According to the characteristic of organic materials, in order to improve broken efficiency, the processing breaker 83 Vertical type chain crusher is used with fermentation breaker 93.
In order to which easily the fermentation clinker that a part exports through clinker output device 7 is directly returned at the fermentation The fermentation batches device 91 of equipment 9 is managed, the clinker output device 7 is connected with the fermentation batches device 91.The present embodiment In, collecting in the clinker of the clinker output device 7 increases installation between belt conveyor 73 and the fermentation batches device 91 One belt conveyor or conveying worm.
The system controller 10 is also electrically connected with the material-dividing and delivery 6, the Product processing equipment 8.
Example IV:
Refer to shown in Fig. 9, Figure 10, the tower environmentally friendly fermentation system of the embodiment of the present invention four is similar to embodiment one, area It is not only that:
In order to better profit from place space, the fermentation tower 1 is made up of the three-dimensional installation of multilayer fermentation tray stack Square tower.The material lift equipment 2 is belt conveyor.
Embodiment five:
Refer to shown in Figure 11, Figure 12, Figure 13, tower environmentally friendly fermentation system and the phase of embodiment one of the embodiment of the present invention five Seemingly, differ only in:
The fermentation tower 1 is four circular towers being installed in parallel;The material lift equipment 2 is bucket elevator.
For the ease of the ventilation oxygenation of fermentation materials and moisture evaporation, the fermentation tower 1 has interior setting agitating shaft 13 and stirred Blade 14 is mixed, the connection of stirring vane 14 is arranged on agitating shaft 13;The agitating shaft 13 and stirring vane 14 are internal to be communicated The oxygenation air vent to fermentation materials ventilation oxygenation is uniformly offered on hollow structure and the agitating shaft 13 and stirring vane 14 15;The middle cavity of the agitating shaft 13 and stirring vane 14 connects with oxygenation blower fan 16.
In specific production practices, in order to reduce equipment manufacturing costs, the main road material-dividing and delivery 61 and branch road sub-material Conveyer 62 can also use belt conveyor to substitute, and correspond to branch road sub-material belt conveyor in main road sub-material belt conveyor Top device automatically control main road feeding distribution mechanism 64.
The clinker that the clinker output device 7 also includes uniformly collecting clinker output collects belt conveyor 73.
The above described is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, any formal limitation not is made to the present invention, though So the present invention is disclosed above with preferred embodiment, but is not limited to the present invention, any to be familiar with this professional technology people Member, without departing from the scope of the present invention, when method and technology contents using the disclosure above make it is a little more Equivalent embodiment that is dynamic or being modified to equivalent variations, as long as being the content without departing from technical solution of the present invention, according to the present invention's Any simple modification, equivalent change and modification that technical spirit is made to above example, still falls within technical solution of the present invention In the range of.

Claims (13)

1. a kind of tower environmentally friendly fermentation system, including fermentation tower, material lift equipment, tail gas odor removal, the material lifting Equipment is installed on the side of the fermentation tower and output end is located at the top of fermentation tower, and the tail gas odor removal sets and is installed on Connected on the tower body of the fermentation tower or outside tower body and by pipeline with the inner chamber of the fermentation tower;It is characterized in that:The hair Ferment tower is two or two more parallels are installed and are provided with automatic feeder and/or material-dividing and delivery on fermentation tower;
The fermentation tower is the square tower or/and cylindrical column being made up of the three-dimensional installation of multilayer fermentation tray stack;
The automatic feeder is made up of scale hooper and weighing sensor, and the weighing sensor is connected and installed in the fermentation On the tower body of tower charging aperture side, the scale hooper is connected and installed on the weighing sensor and material lift equipment output The lower section at end;
The automatic feeder is by being installed on the electronic measurement conveying mechanism above fermentation tower into the electronic measurement conveyer Input be connected to the output end of the material lift equipment, the output end of the electronic measurement conveyer is connected to the hair Above the charging aperture of ferment tower;
The material-dividing and delivery includes main road material-dividing and delivery and/or branch road material-dividing and delivery;The main road material-dividing and delivery Input is connected and installed in below the material lift equipment output end, and the main road material-dividing and delivery output end is connected and installed in The fermentation tower charging aperture or the scale hooper, electronic measurement conveyer input;The input of the branch road material-dividing and delivery It is connected and installed in below the material lift equipment output end or the output end of main road material-dividing and delivery, the branch road sub-material conveying Machine output end is connected and installed in above the input of scale hooper or the electronic measurement conveyer.
2. tower environmentally friendly fermentation system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Also include distribution chute;The sub-material Chute, which is set, is installed on material lift equipment or main road material-dividing and delivery the output end lower section and the scale hooper or electrometer Above the input for measuring conveyer.
3. tower environmentally friendly fermentation system according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:The distribution chute sets at least two Individual chute discharging opening;The chute discharging opening is connected to above scale hooper or electronic measurement the conveyer input;It is described to slip The chute feeding distribution mechanism for being provided with and material being switched to distribution any of which chute discharging opening is set above groove discharging opening.
4. tower environmentally friendly fermentation system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The main road material-dividing and delivery, branch road Material-dividing and delivery is conveying worm or/and belt conveyor;
The main road discharging opening of several manual or automatic control opening and closings is offered below the conveying worm;The Belt Conveying Several manual or automatic control feeding distribution mechanisms are provided with machine;The conveying worm is Shaftless screw conveyor.
5. tower environmentally friendly fermentation system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Also include clinker output device;It is described Clinker output device is to set the belt conveyor or/and conveying worm being installed on below the fermentation tower discharging opening;
The clinker output device also includes the belt conveyor or conveying worm that clinker is uniformly collected to output;
The clinker output device rear end is connected and installed with Product processing equipment;
The Product processing equipment includes processing proportioner and/or processing agitating device, processing breaker, processing granulation dress Put, process cooling device, processing screening plant, processing Automatic Weighing and Packing Equipment, processing palletizing apparatus;
The processing proportioner is Electronic Control proportioner, and the processing breaker is vertical or horizontal chained broken Machine.
6. tower environmentally friendly fermentation system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The material lift equipment is high inclination-angle Rib belt conveyor or rib belt conveyor, conveying worm, bucket elevator.
7. tower environmentally friendly fermentation system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The tail gas odor removal uses UV light Solution oxidation deodorization process or UV photodissociation oxidizing process and fragment ions method, biological decomposition method, zinc cation method, direct combustion method, work Property carbon adsorption, chemical catalysis or Ozonation one or more joint deodorization.
8. tower environmentally friendly fermentation system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The fermentation tower charging aperture of the fermentation tower It is offset to the side of tower body;When the fermentation tower is two or two installed above, described charging aperture is opened nearby in opposite directions two-by-two If.
9. the tower environmentally friendly fermentation system according to claim 1 or 6, it is characterised in that:The material lift equipment front end It is connected and installed with fermentation process equipment;
The fermentation process equipment includes fermentation batches device and/or fermentation agitating device, fermentation breaker, Fermentation feedstocks dress Put;
The fermentation batches device is Electronic Control proportioner, and the fermentation breaker is vertical or horizontal chained broken Machine;
The fermentation batches device or fermentation agitating device are also connected with the clinker output device.
10. tower environmentally friendly fermentation system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The cylindrical column has built-in stirring Axle and stirring vane;The built-in agitating shaft and stirring vane lead on structure and the agitating shaft and stirring vane in being uniformly to be opened Provided with the air vent to fermentation materials ventilation oxygenation;The middle cavity of the agitating shaft and stirring vane connects with oxygenation blower fan.
11. tower environmentally friendly fermentation system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Also include automatic controller;It is described from Movement controller and the material lift equipment, tail gas odor removal, automatic feeder, chute feeding distribution mechanism, branch road sub-material are defeated Machine, main road material-dividing and delivery, clinker output device is sent to be electrically connected.
12. the fermentation process that the tower environmentally friendly fermentation system according to claim 1~11 is carried out, it is characterised in that:It is wrapped Include following steps:
Step S1:Charging setting:The each charging total amount of each fermentation tower and the priority time of charging are set on system controller Sequence;
Step S2:Material lifting:The organic materials for needing to ferment is promoted to the top of fermentation tower by material lift equipment;
Step S3:Material dosing enters tower:Lifted through material lift equipment to the organic materials above fermentation tower and pass through automatic feed Device is quantitatively added in fermentation tower;
Step S4:Material fermentation:The organic materials being added to through automatic feeder in fermentation tower carries out the fermentation of 3~20 days;
Step S5:Clinker exports:Organic materials is transported out after fermentation is completed in fermentation tower by clinker output device;Emptying Fermentation tower repeat the above steps again S1, step S2, step S3 and step S4 circulating fermentation operation.
13. fermentation process according to claim 12, it is characterised in that:Step S1 also passes through including organic materials before lifting Cross dispensing or/and crush;
Step S3 is also disposably added in fermentation tower or divided including fermented organic material and is added to several times in fermentation tower;Fermentation Organic materials is added in fermentation tower or is respectively added to simultaneously in multiple fermentation towers one by one;
Step S5 is also disposably exported or divided out of fermentation tower including fermentation clinker and exports several times;Fermentation clinker export one by one or It is multiple to export simultaneously;
The clinker that fermented while step S3 and step S5 is also added in fermentation tower including fermented organic material is defeated out of fermentation tower Go out.
CN201710736784.8A 2017-08-24 2017-08-24 Tower environmentally friendly fermentation system and method Pending CN107573115A (en)

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Application publication date: 20180112