CN107473788A - Intelligence layering aeration compost reactor system - Google Patents

Intelligence layering aeration compost reactor system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107473788A
CN107473788A CN201710670003.XA CN201710670003A CN107473788A CN 107473788 A CN107473788 A CN 107473788A CN 201710670003 A CN201710670003 A CN 201710670003A CN 107473788 A CN107473788 A CN 107473788A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
aeration
support
tank
reactor
gas
Prior art date
Application number
CN201710670003.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王选
唐子贵
马林
柏兆海
Original Assignee
江苏中科纽克生态科技有限公司
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Priority to CN201710670003.XA priority Critical patent/CN107473788A/en
Publication of CN107473788A publication Critical patent/CN107473788A/en

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Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F17/00Preparation of fertilisers characterised by biological or biochemical treatment steps, e.g. composting or fermentation
    • C05F17/90Apparatus therefor
    • C05F17/95Devices in which the material is conveyed essentially vertically between inlet and discharge means
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F17/00Preparation of fertilisers characterised by biological or biochemical treatment steps, e.g. composting or fermentation
    • C05F17/70Controlling the treatment in response to process parameters
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of intelligence layering aeration compost reactor system, it includes tank body, feed system, discharge system, stirring system, aerating system and control unit.Multiple support beams of different height are provided with tank body, and aerating system includes:Aerating pipelines, it is arranged on the first side of support beam and has multiple solarization air caps;Gas concentration sensor, it is arranged on the second side of support beam and the concentration for detecting the predetermined gas at support depth of beam in tank body;Gas manifolds, it is communicated to each aerating pipelines and supplied;Valve, it is arranged in each aerating pipelines and positioned at the connection end that each aerating pipelines are connected with Gas manifolds, can opened and closed under the control of control unit.When the gas concentration sensor being arranged in support beam detects that the concentration of predetermined gas is below or above predetermined value, the valve being arranged in the aerating pipelines of same support beam is opened under the control of control unit, so as to be aerated via solarization air cap into tank body.

Description

Intelligence layering aeration compost reactor system
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of intelligent compost reactor system, belongs to reclaiming organic waste and utilizes technical field.
Background technology
As animal husbandry develops towards intensive, scale direction, feces of livestock and poultry yield is big and concentrates, it is annual caused by Livestock and poultry total amount is up to 4,000,000,000 tons.A large amount of uses of antibiotic cause agriculture intensivization development in feces of livestock and poultry to result in crop material And a large amount of concentrations of feces of livestock and poultry produce, and considerably increase the intractability of agricultural wastes, exacerbate soil, water body and air The risk of pollution, the comprehensive regulation to environment bring huge challenge.Therefore, biotechnology is utilized --- especially Composting Technology becomes countries in the world and realizes one of organic waste minimizing, the innoxious and important channel of recycling.Wherein, handle The multidimentional system of breeding discarded object and production organic fertilizer, can not only solve the problem of environmental pollution of organic solid castoff, and And high-quality organic fertilizer also is provided for agricultural production, so as to form the benign cycle body that organic waste material " resource " returns planting industry System.
However, existing bar buttress formula and trough composting the technology foul smell in processing procedure can not be controlled effectively, in composting process Nitrogen more than 50% not only reduces the Application techniques of product, while also induce the generation of haze with ammonia loss of morphology. Moreover, floor space is big, the use of China's centralization-breeding factory is constrained.Therefore, efficient, no foul smell discharge, occupation of land face are developed The small processing equipment of product is the key for solving plant's poultry excrement and urine disposal and recycling.
The content of the invention
In view of the above problems, it is an object of the invention to provide a kind of intelligence layering aeration compost reactor system, this is anti- Answer device system to carry out continuous sample introduction, and layering aeration control is carried out according to different parts temperature in fermentation cabin and oxygen concentration System, science reduce energy consumption, improve treatment effeciency, and fermentation cabin is connected with tail gas recycling device, tail gas is effectively reclaimed Using and processing, solve high energy consumption existing for existing compost reactor system, treatment effeciency is low, foul smell release it is serious the problems such as. In addition, by realizing the intelligent monitoring to composting process to the real time on-line monitoring of material spatial distribution.
According to the present invention, there is provided a kind of intelligence layering aeration compost reactor system, it includes reactor tank body, is used for By material supplied to the feed system in the reactor tank body, for discharge the material from the reactor tank body Discharge system, the stirring system being stirred to the material in the reactor tank body, for entering in the reactor tank body The aerating system of row aeration and the control unit being controlled to above-mentioned each system.Different height in the reactor tank body Place is provided with multiple support beams, and the aerating system includes:Aerating pipelines, it is arranged on the first side of the support beam And there are multiple solarization air caps;Gas concentration sensor, it is arranged on the second side of the support beam and for detecting institute State the concentration of the predetermined gas at the corresponding support depth of beam in reactor tank body;Gas manifolds, it is connected To each the aeration tube road, for being supplied to each the aeration tube road;Valve, it is separately positioned in each the aeration tube road simultaneously And the connection end being connected respectively positioned at each the aeration tube road with the Gas manifolds, each valve can be in the control unit Control under open and close.When the gas concentration sensor being arranged in any support beam detects described make a reservation for When the concentration of gas is below or above predetermined value, the valve being arranged in the aeration tube road of the same support beam exists It is opened under the control of the control unit, from the Gas manifolds via the solarization air cap on the aeration tube road to the reaction It is aerated in device tank body.
Preferably, the support beam has the I-shaped construction for including the first support beam and the second support beam, the aeration Pipeline is arranged on the inner side of first support beam, and the gas concentration sensor is arranged on the inner side of second support beam.
Preferably, length direction of the solarization air cap along the aeration tube road is evenly distributed.In addition, the solarization air cap is excellent Selection of land is configured to towards the reactor tank body lower openings.Each solarization air cap is also provided with protective cover.
Preferably, the aerating system also includes being arranged at the gas for being used to monitor aeration quantity in each the aeration tube road Flowmeter, when the gas flowmeter monitors that aeration quantity reaches predetermined value, the valve corresponding to the control unit control Close.
Preferably, from being opened the valve after the predetermined time, the control unit controls the valve to close Close.
Preferably, the aerating system also includes the temperature transducer for being arranged at the tank interior, to monitor the tank Internal temperature.
For example, the stirring system can include the agitating device positioned at the tank interior and the use positioned at tank base In the hydraulic transmission for driving the agitating device rotation.Wherein, the agitating device can include a main shaft and fixation Ground is connected at least one blade of the main shaft, and the central part of the support beam is via main shaft described in bearings.
For example, the hydraulic transmission can include a ratchet and for driving at least one of the ratchet rotation Driver element, the main shaft is through the center of the ratchet and is coaxial therewith being fixedly connected, and the driver element includes:Push away Arm plate, its one end are connected to the main shaft in a manner of it can rotate around the axis;Ratchet, it is rotatably provided at described push away On arm plate and with the ratchet engagement of the ratchet;Spring return function device, it is connected to the ratchet so that the ratchet and institute The ratchet for stating ratchet engages all the time;And oil cylinder, it has drive link, and the other end of the push arm plate pivotally connects It is connected to the drive link.
Preferably, the driver element is provided with multiple and alternately drives the ratchet to rotate.
Preferably, the gas concentration sensor is oxygen concentration sensor, and works as and be arranged at any support beam On oxygen concentration sensor when detecting that the concentration of oxygen is less than the predetermined value, be arranged at the same support beam The valve in the aeration tube road is opened under the control of the control unit.
Preferably, the gas concentration sensor is ammonia concentration sensor, and works as and be arranged at any support beam On ammonia concentration sensor when detecting that the concentration of ammonia is higher than the predetermined value, be arranged at the same support beam The valve in the aeration tube road is opened under the control of the control unit.
Intelligence layering aeration compost reactor system according to an embodiment of the invention can be realized to caused by plant Excrement carries out continuous processing, and carries out being layered independent aeration according to each portion's response situation of reactor tank body, and can realize Temperature and oxygen concentration monitor automatically, so as to realize the intelligent control of aeration.Thus, have the following advantages that:
1) the continuous automatic addition of material can by feed system, be realized;
2) the real-time monitoring to the temperature in reactor at the different height of heap body and oxygen concentration can be realized, is met logical The needs that the situation of excess temperature and oxygen concentration content is regulated and controled to reactor;
3) layering aerating system can realize Automated condtrol according to time and oxygen concentration content;
4) by multilayer stirring structure, the stirring to material is fully realized;
5) main shaft supporting structure, main shaft load-bearing is alleviated, extends Main Shaft Service Life;
6) tank body is connected with vent gas treatment and ammonia recycling device, can reduce the discharge of foul smell, realizes the recovery profit of nitrogen With;
7) Automated condtrol can be realized to each portion by control unit.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram for showing the intelligence layering aeration compost reactor system according to the present invention;
Fig. 2 a and b is the feed system for showing the intelligence layering aeration compost reactor system according to the present invention respectively Side view and corresponding top view;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation according to the discharge system of the intelligence layering aeration compost reactor system of the present invention;
Fig. 4 a and b is the stirring system for showing the intelligence layering aeration compost reactor system according to the present invention respectively Side view and top view;
Fig. 5 is the specific arrangement for the aerating system for showing the intelligence layering aeration compost reactor system according to the present invention The partial enlarged drawing of example;
Fig. 6 is the signal according to the tail gas recycle processing system of the intelligence layering aeration compost reactor system of the present invention Figure.
Embodiment
Describe each implementation of the intelligence layering aeration compost reactor system according to the present invention in detail next, with reference to accompanying drawing Example.
Fig. 1 shows the schematic diagram of the preferred embodiment of the intelligence layering aeration compost reactor system according to the present invention. For example, according to the intelligence layering aeration compost reactor system of the present invention include compost reactor, feed system, discharge system, Stirring system, aerating system, tail gas recycle processing system and control unit.Control unit is, for example, programmable logic controller (PLC) (PLC), control unit is connected with above-mentioned each system, and the operation to them is controlled.Specifically, compost reactor includes tank Body 1, be arranged at tank body 1 top charging aperture 2 and be arranged at tank body 1 bottom discharging opening (not shown).Pay attention to, charging aperture 2 and discharging opening be provided with lid (not shown), these lids are to close when system is fermented, and are feeding or are going out It is opened during material.Under the control of control unit, material is supplied to the tank body 1 of compost reactor by charging aperture 2 by feed system In;Stirring system is stirred to the material in tank body 1;Aerating system by into tank body 1 input air supply oxygen, with regulation Oxygen concentration in tank body;Discharge system is discharged the material after fermentation by discharging opening;And tail gas recycle processing system is to anti- Tail gas is answered to be recycled.
Can be according to the instruction of control unit according to the feed system of the intelligence layering aeration compost reactor system of the present invention Material is quantitatively supplied into tank body 1.For example, as shown in Fig. 2 a and b, according to the intelligence layering aeration compost reaction of the present invention The exemplary feed system of device system includes the hopper 3 for loaded material, is fixedly secured to the hopper guide rail branch of tank body 1 Frame 4, parallel the hopper guide rail 5 and shutter 6 of the vertical extension supported by hopper rail brackets 4.Specifically, hopper 3 is with can The mode of slip is arranged on hopper guide rail 4 and is for example connected to shutter 6 via the hawser of shutter 6 so that hopper 3 can Slided up and down under the driving of shutter 6 along hopper guide rail 5.Therefore, when needing to be fed into tank body 1, first material is put Material bin, then hopper 3 rise under the driving of shutter 6.Meanwhile charging aperture 3 is opened.Material is introduced into via charging aperture 2 In tank body 1.Feed system can carry out remote control by remote control.It should be noted that exposed according to the intelligence layering of the present invention The feed system not limited to this of gas compost reactor system, and can be any suitable feed system in this area.
Can be according to the instruction of control unit according to the discharge system of the intelligence layering aeration compost reactor system of the present invention Quantitatively discharge material.For example, as shown in figure 3, according to the exemplary of the intelligence layering aeration compost reactor system of the present invention Discharge system includes motor 7, screw feeder 8 and conveyer belt 9.Specifically, one end of screw feeder 8 is being placed in the discharging opening of tank base just Lower section is to receive the material discharged from tank body 1, and the rotary shaft of screw feeder 8 is for example connected by the power transmission shaft of chain belt and motor 7 Connect so that screw feeder 8 can carry out rotation process under the driving of motor 7.Therefore, when needing to discharge the material after fermenting, Motor 7 drives screw feeder 8 to rotate so that the material discharged from discharging opening is delivered to conveyer belt 9 by screw feeder 8.Discharge system energy Remote control is enough carried out by remote control.It should be noted that according to the intelligence layering aeration compost reactor system of the present invention Discharge system not limited to this, and can be any suitable discharge system in this area.
Can be according to the instruction of control unit according to the stirring system of the intelligence layering aeration compost reactor system of the present invention Material in tank body is stirred.For example, as shown in figure 1, compost reactor system is aerated according to the intelligence layering of the present invention Exemplary stirring system include agitating device inside the tank body 1 and positioned at the bottom of tank body 1 for driving the stirring The hydraulic transmission of device rotation.Specifically, the agitating device includes a main shaft 10 and is fixedly connected to main shaft 10 At least one blade 11.Preferably, as shown in figure 1, the agitating device includes three blades 11, and these blades 11 are distinguished Upper, middle and lower in tank body 1.Therefore, blade 11 is driven to rotate together when main shaft 10 rotates, so as to tank body Material in 1 is stirred.The length and blade shape of blade 11 can be designed as needed.In addition, according to the present invention The hydraulic transmission of stirring system of intelligence layering aeration compost reactor system can be according to the instruction of control unit to institute Agitating device is stated to be driven.For example, the hydraulic transmission may include a ratchet and at least one driver element.Such as figure Shown in 4 a and b, the hydraulic transmission includes a ratchet 12 and around 12 spaced two driving list of ratchet Member.The driver element for example pushes away including push arm plate 13, the ratchet being rotatably provided on push arm plate 13 14, connection The spring return function device 15 and oil cylinder 16 that are used to make the return of ratchet 14 of arm plate 13 and ratchet 14.In addition, main shaft 10 passes through spine The center of wheel 12 simultaneously is coaxial therewith being fixedly connected so that when ratchet 12 rotates, the also synchronous rotary therewith of main shaft 10.Push arm plate 13 One end main shaft 10, the pivotably attached transmission to oil cylinder 16 of the other end are connected in a manner of it can rotate around the axis Bar.When the drive link of oil cylinder 16 is in contraction state, ratchet 14 is in the initial position with the ratchet engagement of ratchet 12, and bullet Spring returning device 15 is in original state.Therefore, when the drive link elongation of oil cylinder 16, push arm plate 13 and the spine being arranged on Pawl 14 is transmitted bar and promotes and rotate (rotate counterclockwise in Fig. 4) around main shaft 10, and spring return function device 15 is with ratchet 14 Rotate and enter stress and deformation state.Now, the ratchet engagement of ratchet 14 and ratchet 12, promotion backspin of the ratchet 12 in ratchet 14 Turn, thus drive shaft 10 rotates.After have rotated predetermined angular under promotion of the ratchet 12 in ratchet 14, the transmission of oil cylinder 16 Bar stops elongation, and is then shunk so that ratchet 14 moves under the drive of push arm plate 13 towards initial position, enters Return-stroke.When drive link returns back to contraction state, spring return function device 15 recovers to original state, and ratchet 14 is in bullet The initial position with the ratchet engagement of ratchet 12 is back in the presence of spring returning device 15.Preferably, when a driver element During into return-stroke, another driver element driving pawl 12 rotates.In this way, two driver elements alternately driving pawl 12 rotations so that the main shaft of the agitating device can continuously rotate, so as to realize continuously stirring to the material in tank body 1. It should be noted that it can also be used according to the driver element of the stirring system of the intelligence layering aeration compost reactor system of the present invention It is other to rotate main shaft, it is preferable that the mode continuously rotated.
In addition, it is additionally provided with multiple support beams 17 for supports main shaft 10 at different height in tank body 1.For example, As shown in figure 1, the upper, middle and lower in tank body 1 is respectively arranged with a support beam 17.The outer end of support beam 17 and tank The inwall of body 1 is permanently connected, and the core of support beam 17 is provided with the bearing for supports main shaft 10, so as to subtract The load-bearing of light main shaft itself, extends Main Shaft Service Life.Preferably, as shown in figure 5, horizontal mask of the support beam 17 along tank body 1 There is I-shaped construction, i.e. support beam 17 has the first support beam and the second support beam.Bearing be arranged at connection the first support beam and The connecting portion of second support beam.
In addition, can be according to control unit according to the aerating system of the intelligence layering aeration compost reactor system of the present invention Control inside tank body 1 to being aerated.As shown in figure 5, showing according to the intelligence layering aeration compost reactor system of the present invention Aerating pipelines 18, temperature transducer 19 and oxygen sensors 20 that example property aerating system includes being arranged in tank body 1, it is arranged at tank The Gas manifolds 22 of air pump and connection aerating pipelines 18 and air pump outside body 1.Preferentially, aerating pipelines 18, temperature transducers Device 19 and oxygen sensors 20 are arranged in support beam 17.In other words, as shown in figure 5, the top being arranged in tank body 1, in Aerating pipelines 18, temperature transducer 19 and oxygen sensors 20 are provided with the support beam 17 of portion and bottom.Preferably, it is aerated Pipeline 18, temperature transducer 19 and oxygen sensors 20 may be contained within the side of support beam 17, be moved with mitigating stirring material time shift Influence of the material to above-mentioned part.For example, as shown in figure 5, support beam 17 be I-shaped construction in the case of, aerating pipelines 18 are arranged at the inner side of the first support beam of support beam 17, and temperature transducer 19 and oxygen sensors 20 are arranged at support beam 17 The second support beam inner side.In addition, aerating pipelines 18 have multiple solarization air caps 24.Preferably, solarization air cap 24 is along aerating pipelines 18 length direction is evenly distributed.Preferably, solarization air cap 24 is arranged to towards tank body lower part opening, to prevent foreign matters from being blocked Solarization air cap 24.Preferably, the protective cover (not shown) of such as mesh-like is additionally provided with for each solarization air cap 24 to prevent foreign matter Into solarization air cap 24.In addition, gas flowmeter (not shown) is also provided with each aerating pipelines 18, to monitor each aeration The flow of gas in pipeline.On and off can be beaten by being additionally provided with each aerating pipelines 18 with the connection end that Gas manifolds 22 are connected Close the valve of each aerating pipelines 18.During the fermentation, the valve in the aerating pipelines 18 of each layer generally remains closing, and each survey Lambda sensor 20 monitors the oxygen concentration of the corresponding position of height residing for each support beam 17 in tank body 1 respectively.When in tank body When the oxygen sensors 20 of certain layer of support beam 17 monitor that the oxygen concentration of corresponding position is less than predetermined value, then positioned at same layer Aerating pipelines 18 in valve be opened under the control of control unit.In the case, this layer of aerating pipelines 18 and supply qi Pipe 22 connects, and air enters inside tank body 1 under the driving of air pump by Gas manifolds 22 and aerating pipelines 18 from solarization air cap 24, The layering inside tank body 1 is aerated so as to realize.Control unit can also be according to the Monitoring Data of gas flowmeter come control valve Opening degree, with realize aeration flow control.When the gas flowmeter detects that aeration quantity reaches predetermined value, it is located at Valve in the aerating pipelines 18 of same layer is closed under the control of control unit, terminates the aeration of this layer.Or it can control The time span being aerated every time is preset in portion, after have passed through the predetermined time span since valve opens aeration, Valve in the aerating pipelines 18 of same layer is closed under the control of control unit, terminates the aeration of this layer.
In addition, the temperature transducer 19 being arranged in each support beam in tank body 1 can be with corresponding in Timing measurement tank body The temperature of position, to realize the monitoring to the reaction temperature of each position in tank body.
Alternately, ammonia can be set according to the aerating system of the intelligence layering aeration compost reactor system of the present invention Concentration sensor replaces above-mentioned oxygen sensors 20.In the case, the set location of ammonia concentration sensor and control Mode is similar with oxygen sensors 20, and the main distinction is only that, when ammonia concentration sensor measures the concentration of ammonia higher than pre- During definite value, the valve in the aerating pipelines 18 of same layer is opened under the control of control unit, to be aerated.
It should be appreciated that the support beam of the present invention is not limited to above-mentioned I-shaped construction, but can be using any suitable Construction, as long as the center portion thereof can be provided for the bearing of supports main shaft 10 and end is fixedly connected with tank interior.For Make the aeration of each layer in tank body uniform, support beam on the symmetrical axisymmetric shape of main shaft is preferable, such as in-line Crossbeam, cruciform member etc..
After can be to fermentation according to the tail gas recycle processing system of the intelligence layering aeration compost reactor system of the present invention Reaction end gas recycled.For example, as shown in fig. 6, included according to the exemplary tail gas recycle processing system of the present invention It is arranged at one or more air entries 25 and the gas condensation part 24 being arranged at outside tank body 1 and blower fan at the top of tank body 1 26.Air entry 25 is connected with gas condensation part 24 and blower fan 26 successively by pipeline.Under the driving of blower fan 26, reaction end gas warp Gas condensation part 24 is transported to by air entry 25 to be condensed.Gas condensation part 24 effectively can be removed in reaction end gas Vapor, so as to effectively protect the devices such as the blower fan in downstream.Then, the tail gas by condensation is arranged via pipeline from exhaust outlet Go out, so as to realize qualified discharge.
Below, by the exemplary operation step of intelligence layering aeration compost reactor system according to embodiments of the present invention Illustrate.
1) composting material to selection and auxiliary material carry out the measure analysis of basic physical and chemical index respectively, are entered according to production requirement The proportioning of row compost starting material.
2) hybrid composting starting material, and the compost starting material mixed is loaded in the feed hopper of reactor assembly, Bunker lift, batch turning are controlled by remote control.
3) the main switch power supply of control unit is connected, and opens the control program of control unit, is to compost reactor system System parameter and composting process parameter are set.
4) aeration flow, temperature detection time, oxygen concentration predetermined value and/or aeration time length of each layer etc. are set;
5) composting process is started under the control of control unit.Wherein, when the oxygen concentration for detecting certain layer in tank body is less than oxygen During concentration predetermined value, the layer is aerated under the control of control unit.Then, when the oxygen concentration for detecting this layer is dense higher than oxygen When spending second predetermined value or predetermined aeration time length has been carried out in aeration, terminates this layer under the control of control unit Aeration.
6) emptying auger is controlled to be discharged by remote control.
Industrial composting equipment can be applied not only to according to the intelligent compost reaction system of the present invention, can also be applied to Centralization-breeding factory.
According to the intelligent compost reactor system of the present invention according to the temperature data of collection, oxygen concentration data to blower fan and The mode that air pump etc. is controlled is not limited to above-described embodiment, but can be taken arbitrarily according to temperature data and oxygen concentration data Optional control mode.For example, the sensor for being arranged at the side of support beam is not limited to temperature transducer, oxygen sensors and ammonia Gas concentration sensor, it is also provided with other sensors of the concentration data for measuring other gases.
Although above with reference to the accompanying drawings of the exemplary reality of the intelligent compost reactor system according to the present invention Example is applied, but the invention is not restricted to this.Therefore, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that without departing from appended claims of the present invention In the case of purport or scope that book limits, various changes, combination, secondary combination and modification can be made.

Claims (14)

1. a kind of intelligence layering aeration compost reactor system, it includes reactor tank body (1), for described in material is supplied to Feed system in reactor tank body (1), for by the material from the reactor tank body (1) discharge system of discharge, The stirring system that is stirred to the material in the reactor tank body (1), for being exposed in the reactor tank body (1) The aerating system of gas and the control unit being controlled to above-mentioned each system, it is characterised in that
Multiple support beams (17) are provided with different height in the reactor tank body (1), and
The aerating system includes:
Aerating pipelines (18), it is separately positioned on the first side of the support beam (17) and there are multiple solarization air caps (24);
Gas concentration sensor (20), it is arranged on the second side of the support beam (17) and for detecting the reactor The concentration of the predetermined gas at the height of the corresponding support beam (17) in tank body (1);
Gas manifolds (22), it is communicated to each the aeration tube road (18), for being supplied to each the aeration tube road (18);
Valve, its be separately positioned in each the aeration tube road (18) and respectively positioned at each the aeration tube road (18) with it is described The connection end of Gas manifolds (22) connection, each valve can open and close under the control of the control unit, wherein,
When the gas concentration sensor (20) being arranged on any support beam (17) detects the predetermined gas When concentration is below or above predetermined value, the valve that is arranged in the aeration tube road (18) of the same support beam (17) It is opened under the control of the control unit, the solarization air cap from the Gas manifolds (22) via the aeration tube road (18) (24) it is aerated into the reactor tank body (1).
2. intelligence layering aeration compost reactor system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that support beam (17) tool There is the I-shaped construction including the first support beam and the second support beam, the aeration tube road (18) are arranged on first support beam Inner side, the gas concentration sensor (20) is arranged on the inner side of second support beam.
3. intelligence layering aeration compost reactor system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that solarization air cap (24) edge The length direction on the aeration tube road (18) is evenly distributed.
4. intelligence layering aeration compost reactor system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that solarization air cap (24) quilt It is arranged towards reactor tank body (1) lower openings.
5. intelligence layering aeration compost reactor system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that each solarization air cap (24) it is provided with protective cover.
6. the intelligence layering aeration compost reactor system as any one of claim 1-5, it is characterised in that the exposure Gas system also includes being arranged at the gas flowmeter for being used to monitor aeration quantity in each the aeration tube road (18), when the gas When flowmeter monitors that aeration quantity reaches predetermined value, the control unit closes the corresponding valve.
7. the intelligence layering aeration compost reactor system as any one of claim 1-5, it is characterised in that described in Valve has been opened by after the predetermined time, the control unit closes the valve.
8. the intelligence layering aeration compost reactor system as any one of claim 1-5, the aerating system also wrap Include and be arranged at the internal temperature transducer of the tank body (1), to monitor the temperature in the tank body (1).
9. the intelligence layering aeration compost reactor system as described in claim 1-5, it is characterised in that the stirring system Including being used to drive the agitating device rotation positioned at the internal agitating device of the tank body (1) and positioned at tank body (1) bottom Hydraulic transmission.
10. intelligence layering aeration compost reactor system as claimed in claim 9, it is characterised in that the agitating device bag Include a main shaft (10) and be fixedly connected at least one blade (11) of the main shaft (10), in the support beam (17) Center portion is via main shaft described in bearings (10).
11. intelligence layering aeration compost reactor system as claimed in claim 10, it is characterised in that the hydraulic drive dress Put including a ratchet and at least one driver element for driving the ratchet to rotate, the main shaft (10) pass through the spine The center of wheel simultaneously is coaxial therewith being fixedly connected, and
The driver element includes:
Push arm plate (13), its one end are connected to the main shaft (10) in a manner of it can rotate around the axis;
Ratchet (14), its be rotatably provided on the push arm plate (13) and with the ratchet engagement of the ratchet;
Spring return function device (15), its be connected to the ratchet (14) so that the ratchet of the ratchet (14) and the ratchet all the time Engagement;And
Oil cylinder (16), it has drive link, the other end transmission of the push arm plate (13) Bar.
12. intelligence layering aeration compost reactor system as claimed in claim 11, it is characterised in that the driver element is set It is equipped with multiple and can alternately drives the ratchet continuously to rotate.
13. the intelligence layering aeration compost reactor system as any one of claim 1-5, it is characterised in that described Gas concentration sensor (20) is oxygen concentration sensor, and when the oxygen being arranged on any support beam (17) When concentration sensor detects that the concentration of oxygen is less than the predetermined value, the aeration of the same support beam (17) is arranged at The valve in pipeline (18) is opened under the control of the control unit.
14. the intelligence layering aeration compost reactor system as any one of claim 1-5, it is characterised in that described Gas concentration sensor (20) is ammonia concentration sensor, and when the ammonia being arranged on any support beam (17) When concentration sensor detects that the concentration of ammonia is higher than the predetermined value, the aeration of the same support beam (17) is arranged at The valve in pipeline (18) is opened under the control of the control unit.
CN201710670003.XA 2017-08-08 2017-08-08 Intelligence layering aeration compost reactor system CN107473788A (en)

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