CN107492425A - A kind of waste and old cable peeling retracting device - Google Patents

A kind of waste and old cable peeling retracting device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107492425A
CN107492425A CN201710688870.6A CN201710688870A CN107492425A CN 107492425 A CN107492425 A CN 107492425A CN 201710688870 A CN201710688870 A CN 201710688870A CN 107492425 A CN107492425 A CN 107492425A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
winding
wheel
base
bar
engaged
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Granted
Application number
CN201710688870.6A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN107492425B (en
Inventor
不公告发明人
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Xinchang Guanfu Machinery Co., Ltd.
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裴天锋
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Priority to CN201710688870.6A priority Critical patent/CN107492425B/en
Publication of CN107492425A publication Critical patent/CN107492425A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN107492425B publication Critical patent/CN107492425B/en
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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01BCABLES; CONDUCTORS; INSULATORS; SELECTION OF MATERIALS FOR THEIR CONDUCTIVE, INSULATING OR DIELECTRIC PROPERTIES
    • H01B15/00Apparatus or processes for salvaging material from cables
    • H01B15/005Apparatus or processes for salvaging material from cables by cutting
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02GINSTALLATION OF ELECTRIC CABLES OR LINES, OR OF COMBINED OPTICAL AND ELECTRIC CABLES OR LINES
    • H02G1/00Methods or apparatus specially adapted for installing, maintaining, repairing or dismantling electric cables or lines
    • H02G1/12Methods or apparatus specially adapted for installing, maintaining, repairing or dismantling electric cables or lines for removing insulation or armouring from cables, e.g. from the end thereof
    • H02G1/1202Methods or apparatus specially adapted for installing, maintaining, repairing or dismantling electric cables or lines for removing insulation or armouring from cables, e.g. from the end thereof by cutting and withdrawing insulation
    • H02G1/1248Machines
    • H02G1/1251Machines the cutting element not rotating about the wire or cable
    • H02G1/126Machines the cutting element not rotating about the wire or cable making a longitudinal cut
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/82Recycling of waste of electrical or electronic equipment [WEEE]

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of waste and old cable peeling retracting device, including base, the rolling-up mechanism being arranged on base, some threading mechanisms for being arranged on base and being engaged with rolling-up mechanism, the peeling procedure for being arranged on base and being engaged with some threading mechanisms, the guiding mechanism for being arranged on base and being engaged with peeling procedure, and be arranged on base side be used for coordinate control rolling-up mechanism, threading mechanism, the controlling organization of peeling procedure and guiding mechanism;Base is used as matrix, rolling-up mechanism is set thereon, some threading mechanisms being engaged with rolling-up mechanism, the peeling procedure being engaged with threading mechanism, in order to avoid the phenomenon unstable in peeling, guiding mechanism is set in peeling procedure front end, by controlling organization synergic adjustment, realizes and preferably carries out quick separating, so that metal is each stored with crust, and the telescopic type winding wheel used, it can realize that the quick of drum removes, realize the high efficiente callback work of long transmission line.

Description

A kind of waste and old cable peeling retracting device
Technical field
The present invention relates to waste and old cable peeling retracting device technical field, and in particular to a kind of waste and old cable peeling recovery dress Put.
Background technology
Under the continuous development of national economy and the vigorously advocating of environmental protection, the machine using coal and oil as raw material Tool equipment is gradually being replaced by electrical equipment, such as electric boiler, electric automobile etc., such shift in product mix it is invisible it In cause rapidly to increase the demand of electric power, so the related enterprise of electric power develops various high load capacities, the transmission of high electricity is set It is standby to meet needed for present situation, wherein overhead transmission line collocation insulated cable is promoted the use of, and effectively prevent common power transmission line The problems such as road failure is more, energy loss is big, improve the reliability of power supply so that after circuit upgrades erection again, can produce Many waste and old cables, if orderly recovery can not be carried out, otherwise it is still suspended on original circuit, or by miscellaneous Random recovery is placed in outdoor stock ground, no matter wind and weather, it is that processing cost is too high and do not set suitably to trace it to its cause It is standby.
Authorization Notice No. CN205159943U discloses a kind of cable skinning machine, including support and two semi-circular plates, support by Two pieces of risers being placed in parallel and a transverse slat composition, the lower end of two pieces of risers are connected with transverse slat, shape between two pieces of risers Into workplace;Two pieces of transverse slats are provided with screw, the connecting rod through screw are additionally provided with transverse slat, between connecting rod and screw It is connected through a screw thread;Mounting groove is provided with the semi-circular plate, connecting rod is stretched into one end insertion mounting groove of workplace and supported Then the bottom of mounting groove, the groove of semicircular in shape is provided with the middle part of two semi-circular plates, when two grooves are stitched together The rounded through hole for being used for cable and passing through of Formation cross-section;The cutter in pyramid shape is provided with through hole;
Authorization Notice No. CN 202487960U disclose a kind of cable insulation device for peeling, including connection main body annular in shape, described Connection main body in there is positioning port, the detent mechanism that cable can be positioned on positioning port is provided with main body is connected, Peeling mechanism is additionally provided with connection main body.
Above two structure is disadvantageous in that:In use, need to realize that cable is exhausted by manually pulling cooperation The cutting of edge skin, being completely separated for cable conductor and cable insulation wrapper can not be realized, and manually pull cable conductor can be right The hand of operating personnel damages;And the online peeling of longer cable can not be realized, add workload during recovery.
The content of the invention
In view of this, purpose provided by the invention is in view of the shortcomings of the prior art, there is provided a kind of waste and old cable peeling returns Receiving apparatus, waste and old cable can not only be reclaimed, and quickly can be separated crust with metal core, and led to Winding wheel is crossed to be stored respectively;It is easy to be removed winding drum simultaneously.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the technical solution used in the present invention is:
A kind of waste and old cable peeling retracting device, including base, the rolling-up mechanism being arranged on base, are arranged on the base And some threading mechanisms being engaged with the rolling-up mechanism, it is arranged on the base and matches with some threading mechanisms The peeling procedure of conjunction, the guiding mechanism for being arranged on the base and being engaged with the peeling procedure, and be arranged on described Base side is used to coordinate the controlling organization for controlling the rolling-up mechanism, threading mechanism, peeling procedure and guiding mechanism;
The rolling-up mechanism includes the rotary shaft being arranged on the base, sets rotatable platform on the rotating shaft, is arranged on Multiple winding modules on the rotatable platform, it is engaged and is arranged on the rotatable platform for driving with the winding module The transmission mechanism of the dynamic winding module;
The winding module includes winding wheel, is arranged on winding wheel lower end and is used for the winding bar of winding wheel described in support rotating, The winding bar is connected by the second tumbler with rotatable platform, and is arranged on the winding bar lower end and the second driven pulley The linking module being engaged;
The winding wheel includes winding wheel disc, the multiple winding support bars being arranged on the winding wheel disc, is arranged on the receipts Control support bar on rolling wheel disk, is arranged on the winding expansion link of the control supporting bar top, and is arranged on the winding Expansion link top is used for the multiple stretching bars being flexibly connected with multiple winding support bars.
The threading mechanism includes the lead wire lever being arranged on the base, is arranged on the lead wire lever upper end and is used to clamp With the leadthrough module of traction, one end is connected with lead wire lever, the auxiliary telescopic bar that the other end is flexibly connected with the base;
The guiding mechanism includes the guiding bar being arranged on the base, is arranged on the guiding bar upper end and is used to enter cable The guide wheel group of row guiding, and the first motor being engaged with the guide wheel group.
The rotary shaft is fixedly installed on the base by bearing, and the second motor is set on the base, and The output shaft of second motor is fixedly connected with the rotary shaft.
The transmission mechanism includes the 3rd motor being arranged on the rotatable platform, is arranged on the 3rd driving Main driving wheel on motor, multiple first driven pulleys for being arranged on the rotatable platform and being engaged with the main driving wheel, Multiple second driven pulleys being engaged with first driven pulley, in the centrally disposed transmission tube of second driven pulley, if The first tumbler put on the transmission tube and be engaged with the rotatable platform.
The winding expansion link upper end is provided for the contractile ring being flexibly connected with the stretching bar.
The winding post upper outer wall sets multiple for carrying out spacing auxiliary lever to drum.
The linking module includes the friction plug being movably arranged on the winding bar, is fixedly installed in the transmission tube Drag ring on wall, it is arranged on the friction plug lower surface and the first expansion link being engaged with the winding bar.
The winding bar is round tube, and axially disposed fitting recess on the winding bar side wall, the friction plug includes setting The T-shaped pole in the fitting recess is put, is set in the friction sleeve being engaged on the winding bar and with the T-shaped pole.
First expansion link is Pneumatic extension bar or electric expansion bar, and sets and rotate in the Pneumatic extension bar bottom Joint, the electric expansion bar lower end set brush.
The guide wheel group includes guiding wheel support, the fixed roll wheel being arranged on the guiding wheel support, passes through elastic component It is movably arranged on the dynamic disk roller being engaged on guiding wheel support and with the fixed roll wheel, the fixed roll wheel and the described first driving electricity The output shaft of machine is fixedly connected.
The leadthrough module includes the wire leading wheel for being arranged on the lead wire lever upper end, is connected and sets with the lead wire lever Lead frame above the wire leading wheel, two second expansion link on lead frame is oppositely arranged on, it is flexible to be arranged on two described second The pressure strip of bar front end.
The lead wire lever upper semisection sets the 3rd expansion link.
The peeling procedure includes the peeling pole being arranged on the base, the annular being arranged on the peeling pole Knife rest, the toolbox for being used for peeling on annular knife rest is arranged on, and is arranged on the annular knife rest and is used to guide crust Directing plate.
The annular knife rest is located at toolbox cutting porch and sets peeling supplementary module;
The peeling supplementary module includes the first auxiliary rod being fixedly connected by auxiliary stand with the annular knife rest, is arranged on The first auxiliary disk roller on first auxiliary rod, the second help roll being movably arranged on by the second auxiliary rod on annular knife rest Wheel, elastic component is set between second auxiliary rod and the first auxiliary rod.
The toolbox includes the clamping plate groove being arranged on the annular knife rest, the peeling being arranged in the clamping plate groove Knife, it is arranged on the screwed hole of the clamping plate groove sidewall, the hold-down bolt being arranged in the screwed hole.
The present invention uses base as matrix, rolling-up mechanism is set thereon, and set and the rolling-up mechanism phase thereon Some threading mechanisms coordinated, and the peeling procedure being engaged with threading mechanism is provided in side, and in order to avoid shelling Unstable phenomenon occurs during skin, guiding mechanism is set in peeling procedure front end, coordinated by controlling organization to realize Mutual collaboration between each component, quick separating is preferably carried out with this, and metal core and crust are distinguished Storage, the scene that can directly remove waste and old cable again directly carry out ON-LINE SEPARATION, reduce the difficulty of work, and realize pair The recovery of waste and old cable, it is easy to be re-used it, reduces occupying and pollute to environment, also avoid due to being difficult to back The wasting of resources caused by receipts;Simultaneously by the winding wheel of the present invention, quickly the drum wound can be removed, will not be indulged in The continuous firing of winding by mistake, realize the recovery operation of longer lines.
In addition, the rolling-up mechanism used includes the rotary shaft being arranged on base, rotary shaft is used to be passed through for matrix Bearing is arranged on base, and rotatable platform is then set in its upper end, and is setting winding module thereon, in order to reduce electric energy Consumption, use single actuating unit to provide power for winding module, and use transmission mechanism dynamic for multiple winding module transmission Power, it is ensured that the stability of present apparatus operation;And in order to realize the rotation of rotatable platform, the second driving electricity is directly set in base Machine is coupled, and the second motor used herein is reducing motor, and its main motor is stepper motor, can Strengthen moment of torsion, and the control to rotational angle can be strengthened, realize threading mechanism with this and wind the excellent fit between module Close control;And the transmission mechanism used includes the 3rd motor being arranged on the rotatable platform, its 3rd drive used Dynamic motor is conventional motor, and it is as winding module winding crust or the power source of metal core;And it is arranged on motor Main driving wheel, four the first driven pulleys for being arranged on the rotatable platform and being engaged with the main driving wheel are and described Multiple second driven pulleys that first driven pulley is engaged, being transferred to step by step on each winding wheel for power, and second can be realized The centrally disposed transmission tube of driven pulley, and transmission tube is arranged on rotatable platform by the first tumbler, and first turn used Moving part is roller bearing or roller bearing.
In addition, the winding wheel used includes winding wheel disc, the multiple winding support bars being arranged on the winding wheel disc, and Winding support bar is hinged with winding wheel disc, the middle setting control support bar on winding wheel disc, is set and is received on its top Expansion link is rolled up, and multiple stretching bars for being used to be flexibly connected with multiple winding support bars are set on winding expansion link top, can With the winding wheel that the flexible inclination for realizing multiple winding support bars or formation of winding expansion link are vertical, it is ensured that winding effect While, quickly discharging material is realized, while in order to ensure control of the winding expansion link to stretching bar, set in the upper end of winding expansion link The contractile ring being flexibly connected with stretching bar is put, and in order to ensure the limit effect of upper end, on the upper end outer wall of winding support bar Multiple auxiliary levers are set, while also can be in discharging, auxiliary lever is removed can be by drum removal.
In addition, the winding module used includes winding wheel, the receipts that winding wheel lower end is used for support rotating winding wheel are arranged on Roll bar, winding bar are connected by the second tumbler with rotatable platform so that and it is non-interference between winding bar and the second driven pulley, And mutually freely it can be rotated on rotatable platform;And it is provided for realization in the lower end of winding bar and rotates coaxially and control turn The linking module of speed;And the linking module used includes the friction plug being movably arranged on the winding bar, the biography is arranged on Drag ring on dynamic inside pipe wall, it is arranged on the friction plug lower surface and the first expansion link being engaged with the winding bar;It is logical Cross unfolding for the first expansion link and realize that friction plug contacts with drag ring realization, and then cause the second driven pulley that power is transferred into receipts In roll bar, and then winding wheel is rotated, and can be by controlling the contact area of friction plug and drag ring to be received with dynamics to control The rotating speed of roll bar;And the winding bar used is round tube, and the assembling of rectangle is opened up in the side wall of winding bar in the axial direction Groove so that friction plug can move axially along fitting recess, and can pass through friction when friction plug is in contact with drag ring Plug is transmitted power, and the friction plug used includes the T-shaped pole being arranged in the fitting recess, is set in the winding The friction sleeve being engaged on bar and with the T-shaped pole;So that when setting expansion link on winding bar central axis, can receive Roll bar inwall is controlled, and the first expansion link used herein is Pneumatic extension bar or electric expansion bar, and in order to ensure electricity The supply stability of energy or source of the gas, swivel joint is set in Pneumatic extension bar lower end, and electric expansion bar lower end sets brush to enter Row power supply.
In addition, the threading mechanism used includes the lead wire lever being arranged on the base, it is arranged on the lead wire lever upper end and is used for The leadthrough module with traction is clamped, one end is flexibly connected with lead wire lever, the auxiliary telescopic bar that the other end is movably connected with the base;And For the auxiliary telescopic bar used for electric expansion bar, flexible by electric expansion bar realizes that lead wire lever is swung, and realizing will stripping From crust and metal core pulled and be fixed on the pneumatic-finger to winding wheel, can also use common electricity certainly Magnetic clutch, guiding support can be played a part of after then resetting;And the leadthrough module used includes being arranged in the lead wire lever The wire leading wheel at end, row line guiding can be entered thereon, and lead frame is set at an upper portion thereof, two the can be oppositely arranged thereon Two expansion links, and pressure strip is set in the front end of expansion link, to realize to crust and metal-cored clamping;It can also realize simultaneously Orderly winding is carried out on winding wheel, and when interruption is rewound, linking can be carried out and continue to wind;In order to ensure drawing Wire module obtains the effect of fine lead, in the position-limited wheel that lead frame upper end is provided for being engaged with the wire leading wheel, to ensure The position that crust and metal core are wound on winding wheel can be arbitrarily adjusted when winding wheel is wound.
In addition, the guiding mechanism used includes the guiding bar being arranged on the base, the guiding bar upper end is arranged on Guide wheel group, and the first motor being engaged with the guide wheel group;Support function is realized by guiding bar, passed through Guide wheel group realizes the compression and orderly conveying to wire, and the guide wheel group used includes guiding wheel support, is arranged on described The fixed roll wheel on wheel support is guided, is movably arranged on guiding wheel support and is engaged with the fixed roll wheel dynamic by elastic component Disk roller, the fixed roll wheel are fixedly connected with the output shaft of first motor;And annular knurl, energy are set on the fixed roll wheel used Enough increasing friction forces ensure the stability of circuit conveying, while play a part of guiding;And the first motor used is step Stepper motor, can be by obtaining the length and speed of its rotation on controlling organization, and then can obtain the length for peeling crust, makes Two second expansion links can realize to crust or metal core clamping when, can be reserved with end for pneumatic-finger or electromagnetism The length of clamping.
In addition, the peeling procedure used includes the peeling pole being arranged on the base, the peeling pole is arranged on On annular knife rest, be arranged on the toolbox for being used for peeling on annular knife rest, and be arranged on the annular knife rest and be used for Guide the directing plate of crust;Also cable has been carried out while realization to cable peeling by annular knife rest spacing to avoid cable The phenomenon of disengaging, while in order to avoid occurring the phenomenon for deviateing blade in peeling process, it is located at the cutter group in annular knife rest Part cutting porch sets peeling supplementary module, it is ensured that the phenomenon of cable deviation will not occur during peeling, while in order to adapt to not With the cable of model, the toolbox of use includes the clamping plate groove being arranged on the annular knife rest, is arranged on the clamping plate groove Interior bark knife, it is arranged on the screwed hole of the clamping plate groove sidewall, the hold-down bolt being arranged in the screwed hole;So that entering Only need to adjust the position of bark knife during row adjustment, and the effect that can ensure that peeling is compressed using hold-down bolt, while in order to Ensure the effect of peeling, upper and lower bark knife most short air gap is less than metal-cored diameter.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the overall structure diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of guide wheel group of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the overlooking the structure diagram of rotating mechanism of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the structure enlargement diagram at A of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the positive structure schematic of friction plug of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of leadthrough module of the present invention;
Fig. 7 is the side structure schematic diagram of peeling procedure of the present invention;
Fig. 8 is the positive structure schematic of peeling procedure of the present invention;
Fig. 9 is the overall overlooking the structure diagram of the present invention;
Figure 10 is the structural representation of present invention winding module;
Figure 11 is the overall another structural representation of the present invention;
Figure 12 is the structure enlargement diagram at B of the present invention;
Figure 13 is the side structure schematic diagram of friction plug of the present invention;
Figure 14 is the schematic elevation view of another structure of present invention winding module;
Figure 15 is the schematic top plan view of another structure of present invention winding module;
Figure 16 is the partial enlargement structural representation of another structure of present invention winding module.
Embodiment
To make the purpose, technical scheme and advantage of the embodiment of the present invention clearer, below in conjunction with the embodiment of the present invention Accompanying drawing 1-16, the technical scheme of the embodiment of the present invention is clearly and completely described.Obviously, described embodiment is The part of the embodiment of the present invention, rather than whole embodiments.It is common based on described embodiments of the invention, this area The every other embodiment that technical staff is obtained, belongs to the scope of protection of the invention.
Embodiment one
A kind of waste and old cable peeling retracting device, including base 1, the rolling-up mechanism being arranged on base 1, are arranged on the base Three threading mechanisms being engaged on 1 and with the rolling-up mechanism, be arranged on the base 1 and with three threading mechanisms The peeling procedure being engaged, the guiding mechanism being engaged on the base 1 and with the peeling procedure is arranged on, and be arranged on The base side is used to coordinate the controlling organization 26 for controlling the rolling-up mechanism, threading mechanism, peeling procedure and guiding mechanism;
The rolling-up mechanism is including the rotary shaft 4 being arranged on the base 1, the rotatable platform 21 being arranged in rotary shaft 4, if Multiple winding modules on the rotatable platform 21 are put, is engaged with the winding module and is arranged on the rotatable platform 21 On driving it is described winding module transmission mechanism;
The winding wheel includes winding wheel disc 79, the multiple winding support bars 75 being arranged on the winding wheel disc 79, is arranged on Control support bar 78 on the winding wheel disc 79, the winding expansion link 76 on control support bar 78 top is arranged on, and It is arranged on multiple stretching bars 81 that winding expansion link 76 top is used to be flexibly connected with multiple winding support bars 75.
The threading mechanism includes the lead wire lever 11 being arranged on the base, is arranged on the upper end of lead wire lever 11 and is used for The leadthrough module 10 with traction is clamped, one end is connected with lead wire lever 11, and the auxiliary that the other end is flexibly connected with the base 1 is stretched Contracting bar 2;
The guiding mechanism includes the guiding bar 15 being arranged on the base, is arranged on the upper end of guiding bar 15 and is used for electricity The guide wheel group 14 that cable guides, and the first motor 145 being engaged with the guide wheel group 14.
The rotary shaft 4 is fixedly installed on the base 1 by bearing 5, and the second motor is set on the base 1 3, and the output shaft of the second motor 3 is fixedly connected with the rotary shaft 4.
The transmission mechanism includes the 3rd motor 6 being arranged on the rotatable platform 21, is arranged on the described 3rd Main driving wheel 8 on motor 6, four for being arranged on the rotatable platform 21 and being engaged with the main driving wheel 8 One driven pulley 9, multiple second driven pulleys 19 being engaged with first driven pulley 9, at the center of second driven pulley 19 The transmission tube 17 of setting, the first tumbler 20 for being arranged on the transmission tube 17 and being engaged with the rotatable platform 21.
The winding module includes winding wheel 7, is arranged on the lower end of winding wheel 7 and for the winding bar of winding wheel described in support rotating 18, the winding bar 18 is connected by the second tumbler 24 with rotatable platform 21, and is arranged on winding bar 18 lower end The linking module being engaged with second driven pulley.
The linking module includes the friction plug 25 being movably arranged on the winding bar 18, is arranged on the transmission tube 17 Drag ring 16 on inwall, first for being fixedly installed on the lower surface of friction plug 25 and being engaged with the winding bar 18 are flexible Bar 22.
The winding bar 18 is round tube, axially disposed fitting recess in the winding side wall of bar 18, the friction plug 25 Including the T-shaped pole 252 being arranged in the fitting recess, it is set on the winding bar 18 and matches with the T-shaped pole 252 The friction sleeve 251 of conjunction.
The expansion link 22 is the Pneumatic extension bar that bottom sets swivel joint 23.
The guide wheel group 14 includes guiding wheel support 142, the fixed roll wheel 143 being arranged on the guiding wheel support 142, The dynamic disk roller 141 being engaged on guiding wheel support 142 and with the fixed roll wheel 143 is movably arranged on by elastic component 146, it is described Fixed roll wheel 143 is fixedly connected with the output shaft of first motor 145.
The leadthrough module includes the wire leading wheel 101 for being arranged on the upper end of lead wire lever 11, is connected with the lead wire lever 11 Connect and be arranged on the lead frame 102 of the top of wire leading wheel 101, be oppositely arranged on two second expansion link 103 on lead frame 102, It is arranged on the pressure strip 104 of two front ends of second expansion link 103.
The peeling procedure includes the peeling pole 13 being arranged on the base 1, is arranged on the peeling pole 13 Annular knife rest 124, be arranged on the toolbox for being used for peeling on annular knife rest 124, the annular knife rest 124 is located at the knife Have component cutting porch and peeling supplementary module is set, the peeling supplementary module includes fixing with the annular knife rest 124 and connected The first auxiliary rod 128 connect, the first auxiliary disk roller 127 being arranged on first auxiliary rod 128, passes through the second auxiliary rod 126 are movably arranged on the second auxiliary disk roller 125 on annular knife rest 124, the auxiliary rod 128 of the second auxiliary rod 126 and first Between set elastic component 130.
The toolbox includes the clamping plate groove 123 being arranged on the annular knife rest, is arranged in the clamping plate groove 123 Bark knife 122, be arranged on the screwed hole of the side wall of clamping plate groove 123, the hold-down bolt 121 being arranged in the screwed hole.
For the embodiment in order to ensure the intellectuality of the present apparatus, the controlling organization used can also use personal meter certainly for PLC Calculation machine is controlled, and it can be the generator or external 220V or 380V carried that electric energy is used in the embodiment Power supply, can also be the battery carried;The intelligent control to the system can be realized by controlling organization;
In addition, programmable controllers of the PLC used in the embodiment for routine, the angle that each motor can be controlled to rotate The data such as degree and rotating speed, the stroke of expansion link, travel switch keying, its specific control mode is conventional control mode, this Invention repeats no more;
In addition, the threading mechanism used in this embodiment is three, and when it controls the lead wire lever to tilt by auxiliary telescopic bar, It can be drawn with by two crusts and metal core to corresponding winding wheel, three used in the present embodiment threading mechanism is simultaneously Row is set, three threading mechanisms that can also use three angles at 45 ° to set certainly.
Embodiment two
The difference of itself and embodiment one is:It is arranged on and is used for the directing plate 129 for guiding crust on the annular knife rest 124.
The upper semisection of lead wire lever 11 sets the 3rd expansion link.
The expansion link 22 is the electric expansion bar that bottom sets swivel joint 23, and the electric expansion bar lower end is set Brush.
Winding expansion link 76 upper end is provided for the contractile ring 80 being flexibly connected with the stretching bar 81.
The upper end outer wall of winding support bar 75 sets multiple for carrying out spacing auxiliary lever 77 to drum.
Base is arranged on automobile or sets wheel in bottom surface in the embodiment, freely moving for the present apparatus can be realized It is dynamic, enhance flexibility;And the directing plate used is rectangular channel, it can be controlled the crust cut well, be avoided Unordered phenomenon, realize that more accurately length controls, the 3rd expansion link used can be realized in lead for electric expansion bar During winding, pass through the position of extension and contraction control crust or metal the core winding of the 3rd expansion link, it is ensured that the maximization profit of winding wheel With reducing the frequency of unloading, improve operating efficiency.
Embodiment three
As shown in figs. 10-12:The difference of itself and embodiment two is:Set on the rotatable platform 21 four be used to position the Positioning protrusion 28, and the first position-sensing switch 31 being engaged with first projection 28 is set on base 1, and described first Position-sensing switch 31 interconnects with the signal of controlling organization 26;
Four the second positioning convex 29 for being used to position are set on the winding wheel lower surface, and set on the rotatable platform 21 Put the second position-sensing switch 30 being engaged with second positioning convex 29, and second position-sensing switch 30 and the control machine The signal of structure 26 interconnects.
The first positioning convex and the second positioning convex used in the embodiment is truncated rectangular pyramids;And the first positioning used Projection can also be provided on rotatable platform, and the projection is located at the rotatable platform side position corresponding with winding wheel, and set The first position-sensing switch be arranged on the base on peeling procedure and rotary shaft central junction line, and then when realizing that turning to this goes out Trigger switch and cut off the electricity supply realize positioning phenomenon;And the first position-sensing switch used and the second position-sensing switch are existing Travel switch.
Example IV
The difference of itself and embodiment three is:Multiple be used for and wiring machine is set on the winding support bar 75 on the winding wheel 7 The pneumatic-finger 71 that structure is coordinated, the pneumatic-finger 71 pass through pneumatic tube 74 and the swivel joint 72 being arranged on winding bar It is connected, the swivel joint 72 is connected by the main tracheae 76 that side wall is set with the small air pump 73 being arranged on rotatable platform 21 It is logical, magnetic valve is set on the pneumatic tube.
Easily occurs the phenomenon being broken when in the embodiment due to peeling, when leadthrough module clamps crust, by auxiliary Help expansion link driving lead wire lever to enter line tilt, and slowly to tilt, avoid the phenomenon for pulling apart crust, and due in lead wire lever Portion is expansion link, the control to the length of telescopic bar can be realized by controlling organization, enabling pneumatic with different height Finger is coordinated, and the continued access for interrupting crust is wound to realize with this, and the cooperation of the drag ring and friction plug due to setting, The control to winding wheel speed can be realized, asynchronous rotation can be realized, this operation can both be controlled by manual control Mechanism is operated, and can also be set up sensor and be operated.
Embodiment five
A kind of operation method of waste and old cable recovering apparatus:
S1:The present apparatus is placed at stock ground to be recycled or circuit, after being debugged, measures the outer skin depth of cable to be recycled Degree and metal wire core diameter, the gap of two bark knives is adjusted, then control the second motor and the 3rd to drive by controlling organization The rotation of dynamic motor causes at its triggering to position-sensing switch, and then enters pause;
S2:Cable to be recycled is passed through into guide wheel group, and is put into peeling supplementary module, then by controlling organization control after It is continuous to be operated, the length of peeling is obtained by the rotation of the first motor, when length exceedes the length of pressure strip, control Pressure strip is clamped to the crust or metal core that peel, then obtains barking speed and length number according to the first motor According to crust and metal core drawing are wound to by control auxiliary telescopic bar to control the angle and speed that lead wire lever rotates On corresponding winding wheel, then after pneumatic-finger is clamped to crust and metal core, lead wire lever is in auxiliary telescopic bar Drive it is lower slowly reset, now open the 3rd motor and control corresponding linking module bottom expansion link cause friction plug with Drag ring slowly contacts and then corresponding winding wheel is slowly rotated, and starts to wind;
S3:With the progress of winding, the crust or metal core of winding wheel top winding are more and more, then by lead wire lever The expansion link in portion reduces the height of leadthrough module, and then crust or metal core are wound downwards, so as to orderly And be closely wrapped on winding wheel, until completing winding.
S4:After the completion of winding, winding wheel is shunk so that winding wheel coil diameter reduces, and passes through lifting machine Drum is removed, you can not shut down lasting peeling work.
Further, S5:When the phenomenon of outer belt fracture occurs, the height of auxiliary telescopic bar is obtained by controlling organization Degree, and by controlling organization will the winding wheel of corresponding fracture turn at the second limit switch when, triggering linking module is divided From ensuring the accuracy of positioning with this, then slow down the rotating speed of all winding wheels and the first motor, and be broken corresponding Crust clamped again by pressure strip, then by controlling expansion link in lead wire lever to reduce the height of lead wire lever, make it Corresponding with crust is placed on the pneumatic-finger on winding wheel, realization clamping, then lead wire lever reset, and passing through can be rotated Controlling organization realizes the carry out peeling winding work of high speed again, until cable is completed to reclaim if without fracture.
Further;In S5, after the completion of winding wheel winding, metal core and crust are cut by operating personnel It is disconnected, then the winding wheel not wound is turned to by the rotation of the second motor and treats take-up position, then repeatedly S1- S4 is acted.
The operation principle of the present invention:The present apparatus is moved at the circuit for needing to reclaim, and cable is assessed, if Need to be separated after confirming as recovery, then cable is passed through into guiding mechanism, and the thickness of cable sheath is measured, with this To adjust the gap between two bark knife blades;Then the front end of cable is put into auxiliary stand, then passes through guide wheel group On motor cable is advanced automatically, and by annular knife rest carry out peeling, and by controlling organization control draw The cable skin peeled is clamped and determines to peel crust according to the rotating speed of the motor in guide wheel group by wire module Length, when then length can be coordinated with the pneumatic-finger on winding wheel, crust is pulled to pneumatic-finger, Ran Houqi Finger of starting is clamped, and unclamps leadthrough module so that it resets and plays a part of Auxiliary support;
Then corresponding winding wheel is controlled to be operated, by controlling the contact surface between friction plug and drag ring, to realize Control to winding wheel speed, as the carry out winding wheel top of winding is rolling completely, sufficient application is obtained, will have been drawn Line bar retracted downward, and then so that winding wheel, the drum for being allowed to be formed are equal corresponding to crust and metal the core winding peeled is full For closely knit drum, when needing to carry out removal to drum, auxiliary lever is removed, then control winding expansion link will wind branch Strut is shunk, and then is removed the drum into disk by boom hoisting, crane etc., does not interfere with continuous firing;By not Discontinuous, not only old circuit is transformed, and waste and old cable can be classified recovery so that it can be straight Capable recycling is tapped into, avoids and first winds waste and old circuit, in the phenomenon reclaimed, technological process is simplified, improves work Make efficiency.
Described above is the preferred embodiment of the present invention, it is noted that for those skilled in the art For, on the premise of principle of the present invention is not departed from, some improvements and modifications can also be made, these improvements and modifications It should be regarded as protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

  1. A kind of 1. waste and old cable peeling retracting device, it is characterised in that:Including base, the rolling-up mechanism being arranged on base, if Some threading mechanisms put on the base and be engaged with the rolling-up mechanism, be arranged on the base and with some institutes The peeling procedure that threading mechanism is engaged is stated, the guiding mechanism for being arranged on the base and being engaged with the peeling procedure, And be arranged on the base side be used for coordinate the control rolling-up mechanism, threading mechanism, peeling procedure and guiding mechanism Controlling organization;
    The rolling-up mechanism includes the rotary shaft being arranged on the base, sets rotatable platform on the rotating shaft, is arranged on Multiple winding modules on the rotatable platform, it is engaged and is arranged on the rotatable platform for driving with the winding module The transmission mechanism of the dynamic winding module;
    The winding module includes winding wheel, is arranged on winding wheel lower end and is used for the winding bar of winding wheel described in support rotating, The winding bar is connected by the second tumbler with rotatable platform, and is arranged on the winding bar lower end and the second driven pulley The linking module being engaged;
    The winding wheel includes winding wheel disc, the multiple winding support bars being arranged on the winding wheel disc, is arranged on the receipts Control support bar on rolling wheel disk, is arranged on the winding expansion link of the control supporting bar top, and is arranged on the winding Expansion link top is used for the multiple stretching bars being flexibly connected with multiple winding support bars.
  2. 2. waste and old cable peeling retracting device as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The threading mechanism includes being arranged on Lead wire lever on the base, it is arranged on the leadthrough module that the lead wire lever upper end is used to clamp and draw, one end and lead wire lever It is connected, the auxiliary telescopic bar that the other end is flexibly connected with the base;
    The guiding mechanism includes the guiding bar being arranged on the base, is arranged on the guiding bar upper end and is used to enter cable The guide wheel group of row guiding, and the first motor being engaged with the guide wheel group.
  3. 3. waste and old cable peeling retracting device as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that:The rotary shaft is fixed by bearing It is arranged on the base, the second motor, and the output shaft of the second motor and the rotation is set on the base Axle is fixedly connected.
  4. 4. waste and old cable peeling retracting device as claimed in claim 3, it is characterised in that:The transmission mechanism includes being arranged on The 3rd motor on the rotatable platform, the main driving wheel being arranged on the 3rd motor, it is arranged on described turn Two first driven pulleys being engaged on moving platform and with the main driving wheel, multiple second be engaged with first driven pulley Driven pulley, in the centrally disposed transmission tube of second driven pulley, be arranged on the transmission tube and with the rotatable platform The first tumbler being engaged.
  5. 5. waste and old cable peeling retracting device as claimed in claim 4, it is characterised in that:The winding module includes winding Wheel, it is arranged on winding wheel lower end and passes through the second tumbler for the winding bar of winding wheel described in support rotating, the winding bar It is connected with rotatable platform, and the linking module for setting the winding bar lower end to be engaged with second driven pulley.
  6. 6. waste and old cable peeling retracting device as claimed in claim 5, it is characterised in that:The linking module is set including activity The friction plug on the winding bar is put, the drag ring being fixedly installed on the transmission inside pipe wall, is arranged on the friction plug Lower surface and the first expansion link being engaged with the winding bar.
  7. 7. waste and old cable peeling retracting device as claimed in claim 6, it is characterised in that:The winding bar is round tube, institute Axially disposed fitting recess on winding bar side wall is stated, the friction plug includes the T-shaped pole being arranged in the fitting recess, is arranged The friction sleeve being engaged on the winding bar and with the T-shaped pole.
  8. 8. waste and old cable peeling retracting device as claimed in claim 7, it is characterised in that:The guide wheel group includes guide wheel Support, be arranged on it is described guiding wheel support on fixed roll wheel, by elastic component be movably arranged on guiding wheel support on and with it is described The dynamic disk roller that fixed roll wheel is engaged, the fixed roll wheel are fixedly connected with the output shaft of first motor.
  9. 9. waste and old cable peeling retracting device as claimed in claim 8, it is characterised in that:The leadthrough module includes being arranged on The wire leading wheel of the lead wire lever upper end, it is connected with the lead wire lever and is arranged on the lead frame above the wire leading wheel, relatively Two second expansion link on lead frame is arranged on, is arranged on the pressure strip of the two second expansion link front ends.
  10. 10. waste and old cable peeling retracting device as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The peeling procedure includes setting Peeling pole on the base, the annular knife rest being arranged on the peeling pole, it is arranged on annular knife rest and is used to shell The toolbox of skin, and be arranged on and be used for the directing plate for guiding crust on the annular knife rest.
CN201710688870.6A 2017-08-13 2017-08-13 A kind of waste and old cable peeling recyclable device Active CN107492425B (en)

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CN201710688870.6A CN107492425B (en) 2017-08-13 2017-08-13 A kind of waste and old cable peeling recyclable device

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710688870.6A CN107492425B (en) 2017-08-13 2017-08-13 A kind of waste and old cable peeling recyclable device

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107979032A (en) * 2017-12-27 2018-05-01 宁波得晴电器科技有限公司 Waste and old cable recovering apparatus
CN108063404A (en) * 2017-12-30 2018-05-22 郑州赫恩电子信息技术有限公司 A kind of full-automatic waste wire peeling wrap-up
CN108183431A (en) * 2017-12-30 2018-06-19 郑州赫恩电子信息技术有限公司 A kind of rotation clamped-in style waste wire peeling wrap-up
CN108199306A (en) * 2017-12-30 2018-06-22 郑州赫恩电子信息技术有限公司 One kind is manually inserted into formula waste wire peeling wrap-up
WO2019223185A1 (en) * 2018-05-21 2019-11-28 淄博名堂教育科技有限公司 Quick stripping and winding device for cable for communication engineering
CN110739107A (en) * 2019-11-27 2020-01-31 朱立怀 waste power line separating and recycling equipment
CN112217153A (en) * 2020-09-29 2021-01-12 国网山东省电力公司聊城市茌平区供电公司 Cable stripping system with storage, feeding and recovery functions and stripping method

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US3715068A (en) * 1970-08-28 1973-02-06 Post Office Apparatus for the laying or recovery of cables
JP2009060770A (en) * 2007-09-04 2009-03-19 Tlc:Kk Electric wire replacement method
CN101625914A (en) * 2009-08-07 2010-01-13 中国西电集团公司 Peeling device of insulated single wire
CN201611596U (en) * 2009-07-29 2010-10-20 四川新东方电缆集团有限公司 Electric cable stripping device
CN105849824A (en) * 2013-12-18 2016-08-10 住友电装株式会社 Wire ejection device

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3715068A (en) * 1970-08-28 1973-02-06 Post Office Apparatus for the laying or recovery of cables
JP2009060770A (en) * 2007-09-04 2009-03-19 Tlc:Kk Electric wire replacement method
CN201611596U (en) * 2009-07-29 2010-10-20 四川新东方电缆集团有限公司 Electric cable stripping device
CN101625914A (en) * 2009-08-07 2010-01-13 中国西电集团公司 Peeling device of insulated single wire
CN105849824A (en) * 2013-12-18 2016-08-10 住友电装株式会社 Wire ejection device

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107979032A (en) * 2017-12-27 2018-05-01 宁波得晴电器科技有限公司 Waste and old cable recovering apparatus
CN108063404A (en) * 2017-12-30 2018-05-22 郑州赫恩电子信息技术有限公司 A kind of full-automatic waste wire peeling wrap-up
CN108183431A (en) * 2017-12-30 2018-06-19 郑州赫恩电子信息技术有限公司 A kind of rotation clamped-in style waste wire peeling wrap-up
CN108199306A (en) * 2017-12-30 2018-06-22 郑州赫恩电子信息技术有限公司 One kind is manually inserted into formula waste wire peeling wrap-up
WO2019223185A1 (en) * 2018-05-21 2019-11-28 淄博名堂教育科技有限公司 Quick stripping and winding device for cable for communication engineering
CN110739107A (en) * 2019-11-27 2020-01-31 朱立怀 waste power line separating and recycling equipment
CN112217153A (en) * 2020-09-29 2021-01-12 国网山东省电力公司聊城市茌平区供电公司 Cable stripping system with storage, feeding and recovery functions and stripping method

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