A kind of waste and old cable peeling retracting device
The present invention relates to waste and old cable peeling retracting device technical field, and in particular to a kind of waste and old cable peeling recovery dress
Under the continuous development of national economy and the vigorously advocating of environmental protection, the machine using coal and oil as raw material
Tool equipment is gradually being replaced by electrical equipment, such as electric boiler, electric automobile etc., such shift in product mix it is invisible it
In cause rapidly to increase the demand of electric power, so the related enterprise of electric power develops various high load capacities, the transmission of high electricity is set
It is standby to meet needed for present situation, wherein overhead transmission line collocation insulated cable is promoted the use of, and effectively prevent common power transmission line
The problems such as road failure is more, energy loss is big, improve the reliability of power supply so that after circuit upgrades erection again, can produce
Many waste and old cables, if orderly recovery can not be carried out, otherwise it is still suspended on original circuit, or by miscellaneous
Random recovery is placed in outdoor stock ground, no matter wind and weather, it is that processing cost is too high and do not set suitably to trace it to its cause
It is standby.
Authorization Notice No. CN205159943U discloses a kind of cable skinning machine, including support and two semi-circular plates, support by
Two pieces of risers being placed in parallel and a transverse slat composition, the lower end of two pieces of risers are connected with transverse slat, shape between two pieces of risers
Into workplace；Two pieces of transverse slats are provided with screw, the connecting rod through screw are additionally provided with transverse slat, between connecting rod and screw
It is connected through a screw thread；Mounting groove is provided with the semi-circular plate, connecting rod is stretched into one end insertion mounting groove of workplace and supported
Then the bottom of mounting groove, the groove of semicircular in shape is provided with the middle part of two semi-circular plates, when two grooves are stitched together
The rounded through hole for being used for cable and passing through of Formation cross-section；The cutter in pyramid shape is provided with through hole；
Authorization Notice No. CN 202487960U disclose a kind of cable insulation device for peeling, including connection main body annular in shape, described
Connection main body in there is positioning port, the detent mechanism that cable can be positioned on positioning port is provided with main body is connected,
Peeling mechanism is additionally provided with connection main body.
Above two structure is disadvantageous in that：In use, need to realize that cable is exhausted by manually pulling cooperation
The cutting of edge skin, being completely separated for cable conductor and cable insulation wrapper can not be realized, and manually pull cable conductor can be right
The hand of operating personnel damages；And the online peeling of longer cable can not be realized, add workload during recovery.
The content of the invention
In view of this, purpose provided by the invention is in view of the shortcomings of the prior art, there is provided a kind of waste and old cable peeling returns
Receiving apparatus, waste and old cable can not only be reclaimed, and quickly can be separated crust with metal core, and led to
Winding wheel is crossed to be stored respectively；It is easy to be removed winding drum simultaneously.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the technical solution used in the present invention is：
A kind of waste and old cable peeling retracting device, including base, the rolling-up mechanism being arranged on base, are arranged on the base
And some threading mechanisms being engaged with the rolling-up mechanism, it is arranged on the base and matches with some threading mechanisms
The peeling procedure of conjunction, the guiding mechanism for being arranged on the base and being engaged with the peeling procedure, and be arranged on described
Base side is used to coordinate the controlling organization for controlling the rolling-up mechanism, threading mechanism, peeling procedure and guiding mechanism；
The rolling-up mechanism includes the rotary shaft being arranged on the base, sets rotatable platform on the rotating shaft, is arranged on
Multiple winding modules on the rotatable platform, it is engaged and is arranged on the rotatable platform for driving with the winding module
The transmission mechanism of the dynamic winding module；
The winding module includes winding wheel, is arranged on winding wheel lower end and is used for the winding bar of winding wheel described in support rotating,
The winding bar is connected by the second tumbler with rotatable platform, and is arranged on the winding bar lower end and the second driven pulley
The linking module being engaged；
The winding wheel includes winding wheel disc, the multiple winding support bars being arranged on the winding wheel disc, is arranged on the receipts
Control support bar on rolling wheel disk, is arranged on the winding expansion link of the control supporting bar top, and is arranged on the winding
Expansion link top is used for the multiple stretching bars being flexibly connected with multiple winding support bars.
The threading mechanism includes the lead wire lever being arranged on the base, is arranged on the lead wire lever upper end and is used to clamp
With the leadthrough module of traction, one end is connected with lead wire lever, the auxiliary telescopic bar that the other end is flexibly connected with the base；
The guiding mechanism includes the guiding bar being arranged on the base, is arranged on the guiding bar upper end and is used to enter cable
The guide wheel group of row guiding, and the first motor being engaged with the guide wheel group.
The rotary shaft is fixedly installed on the base by bearing, and the second motor is set on the base, and
The output shaft of second motor is fixedly connected with the rotary shaft.
The transmission mechanism includes the 3rd motor being arranged on the rotatable platform, is arranged on the 3rd driving
Main driving wheel on motor, multiple first driven pulleys for being arranged on the rotatable platform and being engaged with the main driving wheel,
Multiple second driven pulleys being engaged with first driven pulley, in the centrally disposed transmission tube of second driven pulley, if
The first tumbler put on the transmission tube and be engaged with the rotatable platform.
The winding expansion link upper end is provided for the contractile ring being flexibly connected with the stretching bar.
The winding post upper outer wall sets multiple for carrying out spacing auxiliary lever to drum.
The linking module includes the friction plug being movably arranged on the winding bar, is fixedly installed in the transmission tube
Drag ring on wall, it is arranged on the friction plug lower surface and the first expansion link being engaged with the winding bar.
The winding bar is round tube, and axially disposed fitting recess on the winding bar side wall, the friction plug includes setting
The T-shaped pole in the fitting recess is put, is set in the friction sleeve being engaged on the winding bar and with the T-shaped pole.
First expansion link is Pneumatic extension bar or electric expansion bar, and sets and rotate in the Pneumatic extension bar bottom
Joint, the electric expansion bar lower end set brush.
The guide wheel group includes guiding wheel support, the fixed roll wheel being arranged on the guiding wheel support, passes through elastic component
It is movably arranged on the dynamic disk roller being engaged on guiding wheel support and with the fixed roll wheel, the fixed roll wheel and the described first driving electricity
The output shaft of machine is fixedly connected.
The leadthrough module includes the wire leading wheel for being arranged on the lead wire lever upper end, is connected and sets with the lead wire lever
Lead frame above the wire leading wheel, two second expansion link on lead frame is oppositely arranged on, it is flexible to be arranged on two described second
The pressure strip of bar front end.
The lead wire lever upper semisection sets the 3rd expansion link.
The peeling procedure includes the peeling pole being arranged on the base, the annular being arranged on the peeling pole
Knife rest, the toolbox for being used for peeling on annular knife rest is arranged on, and is arranged on the annular knife rest and is used to guide crust
The annular knife rest is located at toolbox cutting porch and sets peeling supplementary module；
The peeling supplementary module includes the first auxiliary rod being fixedly connected by auxiliary stand with the annular knife rest, is arranged on
The first auxiliary disk roller on first auxiliary rod, the second help roll being movably arranged on by the second auxiliary rod on annular knife rest
Wheel, elastic component is set between second auxiliary rod and the first auxiliary rod.
The toolbox includes the clamping plate groove being arranged on the annular knife rest, the peeling being arranged in the clamping plate groove
Knife, it is arranged on the screwed hole of the clamping plate groove sidewall, the hold-down bolt being arranged in the screwed hole.
The present invention uses base as matrix, rolling-up mechanism is set thereon, and set and the rolling-up mechanism phase thereon
Some threading mechanisms coordinated, and the peeling procedure being engaged with threading mechanism is provided in side, and in order to avoid shelling
Unstable phenomenon occurs during skin, guiding mechanism is set in peeling procedure front end, coordinated by controlling organization to realize
Mutual collaboration between each component, quick separating is preferably carried out with this, and metal core and crust are distinguished
Storage, the scene that can directly remove waste and old cable again directly carry out ON-LINE SEPARATION, reduce the difficulty of work, and realize pair
The recovery of waste and old cable, it is easy to be re-used it, reduces occupying and pollute to environment, also avoid due to being difficult to back
The wasting of resources caused by receipts；Simultaneously by the winding wheel of the present invention, quickly the drum wound can be removed, will not be indulged in
The continuous firing of winding by mistake, realize the recovery operation of longer lines.
In addition, the rolling-up mechanism used includes the rotary shaft being arranged on base, rotary shaft is used to be passed through for matrix
Bearing is arranged on base, and rotatable platform is then set in its upper end, and is setting winding module thereon, in order to reduce electric energy
Consumption, use single actuating unit to provide power for winding module, and use transmission mechanism dynamic for multiple winding module transmission
Power, it is ensured that the stability of present apparatus operation；And in order to realize the rotation of rotatable platform, the second driving electricity is directly set in base
Machine is coupled, and the second motor used herein is reducing motor, and its main motor is stepper motor, can
Strengthen moment of torsion, and the control to rotational angle can be strengthened, realize threading mechanism with this and wind the excellent fit between module
Close control；And the transmission mechanism used includes the 3rd motor being arranged on the rotatable platform, its 3rd drive used
Dynamic motor is conventional motor, and it is as winding module winding crust or the power source of metal core；And it is arranged on motor
Main driving wheel, four the first driven pulleys for being arranged on the rotatable platform and being engaged with the main driving wheel are and described
Multiple second driven pulleys that first driven pulley is engaged, being transferred to step by step on each winding wheel for power, and second can be realized
The centrally disposed transmission tube of driven pulley, and transmission tube is arranged on rotatable platform by the first tumbler, and first turn used
Moving part is roller bearing or roller bearing.
In addition, the winding wheel used includes winding wheel disc, the multiple winding support bars being arranged on the winding wheel disc, and
Winding support bar is hinged with winding wheel disc, the middle setting control support bar on winding wheel disc, is set and is received on its top
Expansion link is rolled up, and multiple stretching bars for being used to be flexibly connected with multiple winding support bars are set on winding expansion link top, can
With the winding wheel that the flexible inclination for realizing multiple winding support bars or formation of winding expansion link are vertical, it is ensured that winding effect
While, quickly discharging material is realized, while in order to ensure control of the winding expansion link to stretching bar, set in the upper end of winding expansion link
The contractile ring being flexibly connected with stretching bar is put, and in order to ensure the limit effect of upper end, on the upper end outer wall of winding support bar
Multiple auxiliary levers are set, while also can be in discharging, auxiliary lever is removed can be by drum removal.
In addition, the winding module used includes winding wheel, the receipts that winding wheel lower end is used for support rotating winding wheel are arranged on
Roll bar, winding bar are connected by the second tumbler with rotatable platform so that and it is non-interference between winding bar and the second driven pulley,
And mutually freely it can be rotated on rotatable platform；And it is provided for realization in the lower end of winding bar and rotates coaxially and control turn
The linking module of speed；And the linking module used includes the friction plug being movably arranged on the winding bar, the biography is arranged on
Drag ring on dynamic inside pipe wall, it is arranged on the friction plug lower surface and the first expansion link being engaged with the winding bar；It is logical
Cross unfolding for the first expansion link and realize that friction plug contacts with drag ring realization, and then cause the second driven pulley that power is transferred into receipts
In roll bar, and then winding wheel is rotated, and can be by controlling the contact area of friction plug and drag ring to be received with dynamics to control
The rotating speed of roll bar；And the winding bar used is round tube, and the assembling of rectangle is opened up in the side wall of winding bar in the axial direction
Groove so that friction plug can move axially along fitting recess, and can pass through friction when friction plug is in contact with drag ring
Plug is transmitted power, and the friction plug used includes the T-shaped pole being arranged in the fitting recess, is set in the winding
The friction sleeve being engaged on bar and with the T-shaped pole；So that when setting expansion link on winding bar central axis, can receive
Roll bar inwall is controlled, and the first expansion link used herein is Pneumatic extension bar or electric expansion bar, and in order to ensure electricity
The supply stability of energy or source of the gas, swivel joint is set in Pneumatic extension bar lower end, and electric expansion bar lower end sets brush to enter
Row power supply.
In addition, the threading mechanism used includes the lead wire lever being arranged on the base, it is arranged on the lead wire lever upper end and is used for
The leadthrough module with traction is clamped, one end is flexibly connected with lead wire lever, the auxiliary telescopic bar that the other end is movably connected with the base；And
For the auxiliary telescopic bar used for electric expansion bar, flexible by electric expansion bar realizes that lead wire lever is swung, and realizing will stripping
From crust and metal core pulled and be fixed on the pneumatic-finger to winding wheel, can also use common electricity certainly
Magnetic clutch, guiding support can be played a part of after then resetting；And the leadthrough module used includes being arranged in the lead wire lever
The wire leading wheel at end, row line guiding can be entered thereon, and lead frame is set at an upper portion thereof, two the can be oppositely arranged thereon
Two expansion links, and pressure strip is set in the front end of expansion link, to realize to crust and metal-cored clamping；It can also realize simultaneously
Orderly winding is carried out on winding wheel, and when interruption is rewound, linking can be carried out and continue to wind；In order to ensure drawing
Wire module obtains the effect of fine lead, in the position-limited wheel that lead frame upper end is provided for being engaged with the wire leading wheel, to ensure
The position that crust and metal core are wound on winding wheel can be arbitrarily adjusted when winding wheel is wound.
In addition, the guiding mechanism used includes the guiding bar being arranged on the base, the guiding bar upper end is arranged on
Guide wheel group, and the first motor being engaged with the guide wheel group；Support function is realized by guiding bar, passed through
Guide wheel group realizes the compression and orderly conveying to wire, and the guide wheel group used includes guiding wheel support, is arranged on described
The fixed roll wheel on wheel support is guided, is movably arranged on guiding wheel support and is engaged with the fixed roll wheel dynamic by elastic component
Disk roller, the fixed roll wheel are fixedly connected with the output shaft of first motor；And annular knurl, energy are set on the fixed roll wheel used
Enough increasing friction forces ensure the stability of circuit conveying, while play a part of guiding；And the first motor used is step
Stepper motor, can be by obtaining the length and speed of its rotation on controlling organization, and then can obtain the length for peeling crust, makes
Two second expansion links can realize to crust or metal core clamping when, can be reserved with end for pneumatic-finger or electromagnetism
The length of clamping.
In addition, the peeling procedure used includes the peeling pole being arranged on the base, the peeling pole is arranged on
On annular knife rest, be arranged on the toolbox for being used for peeling on annular knife rest, and be arranged on the annular knife rest and be used for
Guide the directing plate of crust；Also cable has been carried out while realization to cable peeling by annular knife rest spacing to avoid cable
The phenomenon of disengaging, while in order to avoid occurring the phenomenon for deviateing blade in peeling process, it is located at the cutter group in annular knife rest
Part cutting porch sets peeling supplementary module, it is ensured that the phenomenon of cable deviation will not occur during peeling, while in order to adapt to not
With the cable of model, the toolbox of use includes the clamping plate groove being arranged on the annular knife rest, is arranged on the clamping plate groove
Interior bark knife, it is arranged on the screwed hole of the clamping plate groove sidewall, the hold-down bolt being arranged in the screwed hole；So that entering
Only need to adjust the position of bark knife during row adjustment, and the effect that can ensure that peeling is compressed using hold-down bolt, while in order to
Ensure the effect of peeling, upper and lower bark knife most short air gap is less than metal-cored diameter.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the overall structure diagram of the present invention；
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of guide wheel group of the present invention；
Fig. 3 is the overlooking the structure diagram of rotating mechanism of the present invention；
Fig. 4 is the structure enlargement diagram at A of the present invention；
Fig. 5 is the positive structure schematic of friction plug of the present invention；
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of leadthrough module of the present invention；
Fig. 7 is the side structure schematic diagram of peeling procedure of the present invention；
Fig. 8 is the positive structure schematic of peeling procedure of the present invention；
Fig. 9 is the overall overlooking the structure diagram of the present invention；
Figure 10 is the structural representation of present invention winding module；
Figure 11 is the overall another structural representation of the present invention；
Figure 12 is the structure enlargement diagram at B of the present invention；
Figure 13 is the side structure schematic diagram of friction plug of the present invention；
Figure 14 is the schematic elevation view of another structure of present invention winding module；
Figure 15 is the schematic top plan view of another structure of present invention winding module；
Figure 16 is the partial enlargement structural representation of another structure of present invention winding module.
To make the purpose, technical scheme and advantage of the embodiment of the present invention clearer, below in conjunction with the embodiment of the present invention
Accompanying drawing 1-16, the technical scheme of the embodiment of the present invention is clearly and completely described.Obviously, described embodiment is
The part of the embodiment of the present invention, rather than whole embodiments.It is common based on described embodiments of the invention, this area
The every other embodiment that technical staff is obtained, belongs to the scope of protection of the invention.
A kind of waste and old cable peeling retracting device, including base 1, the rolling-up mechanism being arranged on base 1, are arranged on the base
Three threading mechanisms being engaged on 1 and with the rolling-up mechanism, be arranged on the base 1 and with three threading mechanisms
The peeling procedure being engaged, the guiding mechanism being engaged on the base 1 and with the peeling procedure is arranged on, and be arranged on
The base side is used to coordinate the controlling organization 26 for controlling the rolling-up mechanism, threading mechanism, peeling procedure and guiding mechanism；
The rolling-up mechanism is including the rotary shaft 4 being arranged on the base 1, the rotatable platform 21 being arranged in rotary shaft 4, if
Multiple winding modules on the rotatable platform 21 are put, is engaged with the winding module and is arranged on the rotatable platform 21
On driving it is described winding module transmission mechanism；
The winding wheel includes winding wheel disc 79, the multiple winding support bars 75 being arranged on the winding wheel disc 79, is arranged on
Control support bar 78 on the winding wheel disc 79, the winding expansion link 76 on control support bar 78 top is arranged on, and
It is arranged on multiple stretching bars 81 that winding expansion link 76 top is used to be flexibly connected with multiple winding support bars 75.
The threading mechanism includes the lead wire lever 11 being arranged on the base, is arranged on the upper end of lead wire lever 11 and is used for
The leadthrough module 10 with traction is clamped, one end is connected with lead wire lever 11, and the auxiliary that the other end is flexibly connected with the base 1 is stretched
Contracting bar 2；
The guiding mechanism includes the guiding bar 15 being arranged on the base, is arranged on the upper end of guiding bar 15 and is used for electricity
The guide wheel group 14 that cable guides, and the first motor 145 being engaged with the guide wheel group 14.
The rotary shaft 4 is fixedly installed on the base 1 by bearing 5, and the second motor is set on the base 1
3, and the output shaft of the second motor 3 is fixedly connected with the rotary shaft 4.
The transmission mechanism includes the 3rd motor 6 being arranged on the rotatable platform 21, is arranged on the described 3rd
Main driving wheel 8 on motor 6, four for being arranged on the rotatable platform 21 and being engaged with the main driving wheel 8
One driven pulley 9, multiple second driven pulleys 19 being engaged with first driven pulley 9, at the center of second driven pulley 19
The transmission tube 17 of setting, the first tumbler 20 for being arranged on the transmission tube 17 and being engaged with the rotatable platform 21.
The winding module includes winding wheel 7, is arranged on the lower end of winding wheel 7 and for the winding bar of winding wheel described in support rotating
18, the winding bar 18 is connected by the second tumbler 24 with rotatable platform 21, and is arranged on winding bar 18 lower end
The linking module being engaged with second driven pulley.
The linking module includes the friction plug 25 being movably arranged on the winding bar 18, is arranged on the transmission tube 17
Drag ring 16 on inwall, first for being fixedly installed on the lower surface of friction plug 25 and being engaged with the winding bar 18 are flexible
The winding bar 18 is round tube, axially disposed fitting recess in the winding side wall of bar 18, the friction plug 25
Including the T-shaped pole 252 being arranged in the fitting recess, it is set on the winding bar 18 and matches with the T-shaped pole 252
The friction sleeve 251 of conjunction.
The expansion link 22 is the Pneumatic extension bar that bottom sets swivel joint 23.
The guide wheel group 14 includes guiding wheel support 142, the fixed roll wheel 143 being arranged on the guiding wheel support 142,
The dynamic disk roller 141 being engaged on guiding wheel support 142 and with the fixed roll wheel 143 is movably arranged on by elastic component 146, it is described
Fixed roll wheel 143 is fixedly connected with the output shaft of first motor 145.
The leadthrough module includes the wire leading wheel 101 for being arranged on the upper end of lead wire lever 11, is connected with the lead wire lever 11
Connect and be arranged on the lead frame 102 of the top of wire leading wheel 101, be oppositely arranged on two second expansion link 103 on lead frame 102,
It is arranged on the pressure strip 104 of two front ends of second expansion link 103.
The peeling procedure includes the peeling pole 13 being arranged on the base 1, is arranged on the peeling pole 13
Annular knife rest 124, be arranged on the toolbox for being used for peeling on annular knife rest 124, the annular knife rest 124 is located at the knife
Have component cutting porch and peeling supplementary module is set, the peeling supplementary module includes fixing with the annular knife rest 124 and connected
The first auxiliary rod 128 connect, the first auxiliary disk roller 127 being arranged on first auxiliary rod 128, passes through the second auxiliary rod
126 are movably arranged on the second auxiliary disk roller 125 on annular knife rest 124, the auxiliary rod 128 of the second auxiliary rod 126 and first
Between set elastic component 130.
The toolbox includes the clamping plate groove 123 being arranged on the annular knife rest, is arranged in the clamping plate groove 123
Bark knife 122, be arranged on the screwed hole of the side wall of clamping plate groove 123, the hold-down bolt 121 being arranged in the screwed hole.
For the embodiment in order to ensure the intellectuality of the present apparatus, the controlling organization used can also use personal meter certainly for PLC
Calculation machine is controlled, and it can be the generator or external 220V or 380V carried that electric energy is used in the embodiment
Power supply, can also be the battery carried；The intelligent control to the system can be realized by controlling organization；
In addition, programmable controllers of the PLC used in the embodiment for routine, the angle that each motor can be controlled to rotate
The data such as degree and rotating speed, the stroke of expansion link, travel switch keying, its specific control mode is conventional control mode, this
Invention repeats no more；
In addition, the threading mechanism used in this embodiment is three, and when it controls the lead wire lever to tilt by auxiliary telescopic bar,
It can be drawn with by two crusts and metal core to corresponding winding wheel, three used in the present embodiment threading mechanism is simultaneously
Row is set, three threading mechanisms that can also use three angles at 45 ° to set certainly.
The difference of itself and embodiment one is：It is arranged on and is used for the directing plate 129 for guiding crust on the annular knife rest 124.
The upper semisection of lead wire lever 11 sets the 3rd expansion link.
The expansion link 22 is the electric expansion bar that bottom sets swivel joint 23, and the electric expansion bar lower end is set
Winding expansion link 76 upper end is provided for the contractile ring 80 being flexibly connected with the stretching bar 81.
The upper end outer wall of winding support bar 75 sets multiple for carrying out spacing auxiliary lever 77 to drum.
Base is arranged on automobile or sets wheel in bottom surface in the embodiment, freely moving for the present apparatus can be realized
It is dynamic, enhance flexibility；And the directing plate used is rectangular channel, it can be controlled the crust cut well, be avoided
Unordered phenomenon, realize that more accurately length controls, the 3rd expansion link used can be realized in lead for electric expansion bar
During winding, pass through the position of extension and contraction control crust or metal the core winding of the 3rd expansion link, it is ensured that the maximization profit of winding wheel
With reducing the frequency of unloading, improve operating efficiency.
As shown in figs. 10-12：The difference of itself and embodiment two is：Set on the rotatable platform 21 four be used to position the
Positioning protrusion 28, and the first position-sensing switch 31 being engaged with first projection 28 is set on base 1, and described first
Position-sensing switch 31 interconnects with the signal of controlling organization 26；
Four the second positioning convex 29 for being used to position are set on the winding wheel lower surface, and set on the rotatable platform 21
Put the second position-sensing switch 30 being engaged with second positioning convex 29, and second position-sensing switch 30 and the control machine
The signal of structure 26 interconnects.
The first positioning convex and the second positioning convex used in the embodiment is truncated rectangular pyramids；And the first positioning used
Projection can also be provided on rotatable platform, and the projection is located at the rotatable platform side position corresponding with winding wheel, and set
The first position-sensing switch be arranged on the base on peeling procedure and rotary shaft central junction line, and then when realizing that turning to this goes out
Trigger switch and cut off the electricity supply realize positioning phenomenon；And the first position-sensing switch used and the second position-sensing switch are existing
The difference of itself and embodiment three is：Multiple be used for and wiring machine is set on the winding support bar 75 on the winding wheel 7
The pneumatic-finger 71 that structure is coordinated, the pneumatic-finger 71 pass through pneumatic tube 74 and the swivel joint 72 being arranged on winding bar
It is connected, the swivel joint 72 is connected by the main tracheae 76 that side wall is set with the small air pump 73 being arranged on rotatable platform 21
It is logical, magnetic valve is set on the pneumatic tube.
Easily occurs the phenomenon being broken when in the embodiment due to peeling, when leadthrough module clamps crust, by auxiliary
Help expansion link driving lead wire lever to enter line tilt, and slowly to tilt, avoid the phenomenon for pulling apart crust, and due in lead wire lever
Portion is expansion link, the control to the length of telescopic bar can be realized by controlling organization, enabling pneumatic with different height
Finger is coordinated, and the continued access for interrupting crust is wound to realize with this, and the cooperation of the drag ring and friction plug due to setting,
The control to winding wheel speed can be realized, asynchronous rotation can be realized, this operation can both be controlled by manual control
Mechanism is operated, and can also be set up sensor and be operated.
A kind of operation method of waste and old cable recovering apparatus：
S1：The present apparatus is placed at stock ground to be recycled or circuit, after being debugged, measures the outer skin depth of cable to be recycled
Degree and metal wire core diameter, the gap of two bark knives is adjusted, then control the second motor and the 3rd to drive by controlling organization
The rotation of dynamic motor causes at its triggering to position-sensing switch, and then enters pause；
S2：Cable to be recycled is passed through into guide wheel group, and is put into peeling supplementary module, then by controlling organization control after
It is continuous to be operated, the length of peeling is obtained by the rotation of the first motor, when length exceedes the length of pressure strip, control
Pressure strip is clamped to the crust or metal core that peel, then obtains barking speed and length number according to the first motor
According to crust and metal core drawing are wound to by control auxiliary telescopic bar to control the angle and speed that lead wire lever rotates
On corresponding winding wheel, then after pneumatic-finger is clamped to crust and metal core, lead wire lever is in auxiliary telescopic bar
Drive it is lower slowly reset, now open the 3rd motor and control corresponding linking module bottom expansion link cause friction plug with
Drag ring slowly contacts and then corresponding winding wheel is slowly rotated, and starts to wind；
S3：With the progress of winding, the crust or metal core of winding wheel top winding are more and more, then by lead wire lever
The expansion link in portion reduces the height of leadthrough module, and then crust or metal core are wound downwards, so as to orderly
And be closely wrapped on winding wheel, until completing winding.
S4：After the completion of winding, winding wheel is shunk so that winding wheel coil diameter reduces, and passes through lifting machine
Drum is removed, you can not shut down lasting peeling work.
Further, S5：When the phenomenon of outer belt fracture occurs, the height of auxiliary telescopic bar is obtained by controlling organization
Degree, and by controlling organization will the winding wheel of corresponding fracture turn at the second limit switch when, triggering linking module is divided
From ensuring the accuracy of positioning with this, then slow down the rotating speed of all winding wheels and the first motor, and be broken corresponding
Crust clamped again by pressure strip, then by controlling expansion link in lead wire lever to reduce the height of lead wire lever, make it
Corresponding with crust is placed on the pneumatic-finger on winding wheel, realization clamping, then lead wire lever reset, and passing through can be rotated
Controlling organization realizes the carry out peeling winding work of high speed again, until cable is completed to reclaim if without fracture.
Further；In S5, after the completion of winding wheel winding, metal core and crust are cut by operating personnel
It is disconnected, then the winding wheel not wound is turned to by the rotation of the second motor and treats take-up position, then repeatedly S1-
S4 is acted.
The operation principle of the present invention：The present apparatus is moved at the circuit for needing to reclaim, and cable is assessed, if
Need to be separated after confirming as recovery, then cable is passed through into guiding mechanism, and the thickness of cable sheath is measured, with this
To adjust the gap between two bark knife blades；Then the front end of cable is put into auxiliary stand, then passes through guide wheel group
On motor cable is advanced automatically, and by annular knife rest carry out peeling, and by controlling organization control draw
The cable skin peeled is clamped and determines to peel crust according to the rotating speed of the motor in guide wheel group by wire module
Length, when then length can be coordinated with the pneumatic-finger on winding wheel, crust is pulled to pneumatic-finger, Ran Houqi
Finger of starting is clamped, and unclamps leadthrough module so that it resets and plays a part of Auxiliary support；
Then corresponding winding wheel is controlled to be operated, by controlling the contact surface between friction plug and drag ring, to realize
Control to winding wheel speed, as the carry out winding wheel top of winding is rolling completely, sufficient application is obtained, will have been drawn
Line bar retracted downward, and then so that winding wheel, the drum for being allowed to be formed are equal corresponding to crust and metal the core winding peeled is full
For closely knit drum, when needing to carry out removal to drum, auxiliary lever is removed, then control winding expansion link will wind branch
Strut is shunk, and then is removed the drum into disk by boom hoisting, crane etc., does not interfere with continuous firing；By not
Discontinuous, not only old circuit is transformed, and waste and old cable can be classified recovery so that it can be straight
Capable recycling is tapped into, avoids and first winds waste and old circuit, in the phenomenon reclaimed, technological process is simplified, improves work
Described above is the preferred embodiment of the present invention, it is noted that for those skilled in the art
For, on the premise of principle of the present invention is not departed from, some improvements and modifications can also be made, these improvements and modifications
It should be regarded as protection scope of the present invention.