CN107492425B - A kind of waste and old cable peeling recyclable device - Google Patents

A kind of waste and old cable peeling recyclable device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107492425B
CN107492425B CN201710688870.6A CN201710688870A CN107492425B CN 107492425 B CN107492425 B CN 107492425B CN 201710688870 A CN201710688870 A CN 201710688870A CN 107492425 B CN107492425 B CN 107492425B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
winding
wheel
bar
peeling
matched
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Application number
CN201710688870.6A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN107492425A (en
Inventor
不公告发明人
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新昌县管富机械有限公司
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Priority to CN201710688870.6A priority Critical patent/CN107492425B/en
Publication of CN107492425A publication Critical patent/CN107492425A/en
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Publication of CN107492425B publication Critical patent/CN107492425B/en

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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01BCABLES; CONDUCTORS; INSULATORS; SELECTION OF MATERIALS FOR THEIR CONDUCTIVE, INSULATING OR DIELECTRIC PROPERTIES
    • H01B15/00Apparatus or processes for salvaging material from cables
    • H01B15/005Apparatus or processes for salvaging material from cables by cutting
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02GINSTALLATION OF ELECTRIC CABLES OR LINES, OR OF COMBINED OPTICAL AND ELECTRIC CABLES OR LINES
    • H02G1/00Methods or apparatus specially adapted for installing, maintaining, repairing or dismantling electric cables or lines
    • H02G1/12Methods or apparatus specially adapted for installing, maintaining, repairing or dismantling electric cables or lines for removing insulation or armouring from cables, e.g. from the end thereof
    • H02G1/1202Methods or apparatus specially adapted for installing, maintaining, repairing or dismantling electric cables or lines for removing insulation or armouring from cables, e.g. from the end thereof by cutting and withdrawing insulation
    • H02G1/1248Machines
    • H02G1/1251Machines the cutting element not rotating about the wire or cable
    • H02G1/126Machines the cutting element not rotating about the wire or cable making a longitudinal cut
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/82Recycling of waste of electrical or electronic equipment [WEEE]

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of waste and old cable peeling recyclable device, including pedestal, the rolling-up mechanism being set on the base, several threading mechanisms for being set on the base and being matched with rolling-up mechanism, the peeling procedure for being set on the base and being matched with several threading mechanisms, the guiding mechanism for being set on the base and being matched with peeling procedure, and the control mechanism that pedestal side is used for coordinated control rolling-up mechanism, threading mechanism, peeling procedure and guiding mechanism is set;Use pedestal for matrix, rolling-up mechanism is set on it, several threading mechanisms matched with rolling-up mechanism, the peeling procedure matched with threading mechanism, in order to avoid the phenomenon unstable in peeling, guiding mechanism is set in peeling procedure front end, by control mechanism synergic adjustment, realizes and preferably carries out quick separating, so that metal is respectively stored with crust, and the telescopic type winding wheel used, it can be realized quickly removing for drum, realize the high efficiente callback work of long transmission line.

Description

A kind of waste and old cable peeling recyclable device

Technical field

The present invention relates to waste and old cable peeling recyclable device technical fields, and in particular to a kind of waste and old cable peeling recycling dress It sets.

Background technique

Under the continuous development of national economy and the vigorously advocating of environmental protection, using coal and petroleum as the machine of raw material Tool equipment is gradually being replaced by electrical equipment, such as electric boiler, electric car etc., such shift in product mix it is invisible it In cause rapidly to increase the demand of electric power, so the relevant enterprise of electric power develop various high load capacities, high electricity transmission set Needed for meet status, wherein the popularization and use of overhead transmission line collocation insulated cable, effectively prevent common power transmission line The problems such as road failure is more, energy loss is big improve the reliability of power supply, so that can generate after route upgrades erection again Many waste and old cables if not can be carried out orderly recycling, or are still suspended on original route or pass through miscellaneous Random recycling is placed in outdoor stock ground, no matter wind and weather, tracing it to its cause is that processing cost is too high and do not set suitably It is standby.

Authorization Notice No. CN205159943U discloses a kind of cable skinning machine, including bracket and two semi-circular plates, bracket by Two pieces of risers being placed in parallel and a transverse slat composition, the lower end of two pieces of risers are connected with transverse slat, shape between two pieces of risers At workplace;Two pieces of transverse slats are provided with screw hole, the connecting rod across screw hole are additionally provided on transverse slat, between connecting rod and screw hole It is connected through a screw thread;Mounting groove is provided on the semi-circular plate, connecting rod is protruded into one end insertion mounting groove of workplace and supported Then the bottom of mounting groove is provided with the groove of semicircular in shape in the middle part of two semi-circular plates, when two grooves are stitched together The rounded through-hole passed through for cable of Formation cross-section;The cutter in pyramid shape is provided on through-hole;

Authorization Notice No. CN 202487960U discloses a kind of cable insulation device for peeling, including connection main body annular in shape, There is positioning port in the connection main body, be provided with the localization machine that cable can be located on positioning port in connection main body Structure is additionally provided with peeling mechanism in connection main body.

Above two structure is disadvantageous in that: in use, needing just to be able to achieve cable by manually pulling cooperation exhausted The cutting of edge skin can not achieve being completely separated for cable conductor and cable insulation wrapper, and manually pulling cable conductor can be right The hand of operating personnel damages;And can not achieve the online peeling of longer cable, increase workload when recycling.

Summary of the invention

In view of this, purpose provided by the invention is in view of the deficiencies of the prior art, to provide a kind of waste and old cable peeling time Receiving apparatus can not only recycle waste and old cable, and can quickly separate crust with metal core, and lead to Winding wheel is crossed to be stored respectively;It is removed simultaneously convenient for drum will be wound.

In order to solve the above technical problems, the technical solution used in the present invention is:

A kind of waste and old cable peeling recyclable device, including pedestal, the rolling-up mechanism being set on the base are arranged at the bottom Several threading mechanisms matched on seat and with the rolling-up mechanism, setting on the base and with several threading mechanisms The peeling procedure matched, the guiding mechanism that setting matches on the base and with the peeling procedure, and setting exist The pedestal side is for rolling-up mechanism, threading mechanism described in coordinated control, the control mechanism of peeling procedure and guiding mechanism;

The rolling-up mechanism includes the rotation axis of setting on the base, and rotatable platform on the rotating shaft is arranged, if Multiple winding modules on the rotatable platform are set, matches and is arranged with the winding module and used on the rotatable platform In the transmission mechanism for driving the winding module;

The winding module includes winding wheel, and winding wheel lower end is arranged in and is used to support the winding for rotating the winding wheel Bar, the winding bar are connected by the second rotating member with rotatable platform, and setting the winding bar lower end and second from The linking module that driving wheel matches;

The winding wheel includes winding wheel disc, and multiple winding support rods on the winding wheel disc are arranged in, are arranged in institute The control support rod on winding wheel disc is stated, the winding telescopic rod of the control supporting bar top is set, and is arranged described Winding telescopic rod top end is used for the multiple stretching bars being flexibly connected with multiple winding support rods.

The threading mechanism includes the lead wire lever of setting on the base, and setting is in the lead wire lever upper end for clamping With the leadthrough module of traction, one end is connected with lead wire lever, the auxiliary telescopic bar that the other end is flexibly connected with the pedestal;

The guiding mechanism includes the guiding bar of setting on the base, and setting is used in the guiding bar upper end to electricity The guide wheel group that cable guides, and the first driving motor matched with the guide wheel group.

The rotation axis is fixedly installed on the base by bearing, and the second driving motor is arranged on the pedestal, and The output shaft of second driving motor is fixedly connected with the rotation axis.

The transmission mechanism includes the third driving motor being arranged on the rotatable platform, and setting drives in the third Main driving wheel on motor, multiple first driven wheels for being arranged on the rotatable platform and being matched with the main driving wheel, Multiple second driven wheels matched with first driven wheel, in the transmission tube that the center of second driven wheel is arranged, if The first rotating member set on the transmission tube and matched with the rotatable platform.

The contractile ring for being flexibly connected with the stretching bar is arranged in the winding telescopic rod upper end.

Multiple auxiliary levers for being limited to drum are arranged in the winding post upper outer wall.

The linking module includes the friction plug being movably arranged on the winding bar, is fixed in the transmission tube Drag ring on wall, the first telescopic rod that the friction plug lower end surface is set and is matched with the winding bar.

The winding bar is round tube, and axially disposed fitting groove on the winding bar side wall, the friction plug includes setting The T-type strut in the fitting groove is set, the friction sleeve matched on the winding bar and with the T-type strut is set in.

First telescopic rod is Pneumatic extension bar or electric telescopic rod, and is arranged in Pneumatic extension bar lower part and rotates Brush is arranged in connector, the electric telescopic rod lower end.

The guide wheel group includes guidance wheel support, and the fixed roll wheel on the guidance wheel support is arranged in, passes through elastic component It is movably arranged on the dynamic roller matched on guidance wheel support and with the fixed roll wheel, the fixed roll wheel and the first driving electricity The output shaft of machine is fixedly connected.

The leadthrough module includes the wire leading wheel that the lead wire lever upper end is arranged in, and is connected and is arranged with the lead wire lever Lead frame above the wire leading wheel, is oppositely arranged on two second telescopic rod on lead frame, and setting is flexible two described second The pressure plate of bar front end.

Third telescopic rod is arranged in the lead wire lever upper semisection.

The peeling procedure includes the peeling strut of setting on the base, and the annular on the peeling strut is arranged in The toolbox that peeling is used on annular knife rest is arranged in knife rest, and setting is used to guide crust on the annular knife rest Directing plate.

The annular knife rest is located at toolbox cutting inlet setting peeling supplementary module;

The peeling supplementary module includes the first auxiliary rod being fixedly connected by auxiliary stand with the annular knife rest, if The first auxiliary roller on first auxiliary rod is set, is movably arranged on annular knife rest by the second auxiliary rod second auxiliary Roller is helped, elastic component is set between second auxiliary rod and the first auxiliary rod.

The toolbox includes the clamping plate slot being arranged on the annular knife rest, and the peeling in the clamping plate slot is arranged in Knife is arranged in the threaded hole of the clamping plate groove sidewall, the hold-down bolt in the threaded hole is arranged in.

The present invention uses pedestal for matrix, and rolling-up mechanism is arranged on it, and setting on it and the rolling-up mechanism phase Several threading mechanisms of cooperation, and the peeling procedure for matching with threading mechanism is set in side, and in order to avoid shelling There is a phenomenon where unstable when skin, guiding mechanism is set in peeling procedure front end, carries out coordinating to realize by control mechanism Mutual collaboration between each component preferably carries out quick separating with this, and distinguishes metal core and crust Storage, the scene that can directly remove waste and old cable again are directly separated online, reduce the difficulty of work, and realize pair The recycling of waste and old cable reduces occupying and pollute to environment, also avoids due to being difficult to back convenient for re-using it The wasting of resources caused by receipts;Winding wheel through the invention simultaneously, the drum wound can be removed quickly, will not indulge in What is accidentally wound continues working, and realizes the recovery operation of longer lines.

In addition, the rolling-up mechanism used includes the rotation axis being set on the base, uses rotation axis for matrix, passed through Bearing is set on the base, then the rotatable platform of end setting on it, and the module of setting winding on it, in order to reduce electric energy Consumption uses single power mechanism to provide power for winding module, and uses transmission mechanism dynamic for the transmission of multiple winding modules Power, it is ensured that the stability of present apparatus operation;And in order to realize the rotation of rotatable platform, the second driving electricity is directly set in pedestal Machine is coupled, and the second driving motor used herein is decelerating motor, and its main motor is stepper motor, can Enhance torque, and the control to rotational angle can be enhanced, the excellent fit between module to realize threading mechanism and is wound with this Close control;And the transmission mechanism used includes the third driving motor being arranged on the rotatable platform, the third used is driven Dynamic motor is conventional motor, as winding module winding crust or the power source of metal core;And it is arranged on driving motor Main driving wheel, four the first driven wheels for being arranged on the rotatable platform and matching with the main driving wheel are and described Multiple second driven wheels that first driven wheel matches can be realized being transferred on each winding wheel step by step for power, and second Transmission tube, and first turn that transmission tube is arranged on rotatable platform by the first rotating member, and is used is arranged in driven wheel center Moving part is roller bearing or roller bearing.

In addition, the winding wheel used includes winding wheel disc, multiple winding support rods on the winding wheel disc are set, and It winds support rod and winding wheel disc carries out hingedly, the intermediate setting control support rod on winding wheel disc, setting is received on its top Telescopic rod is rolled up, and multiple stretching bars for being flexibly connected with multiple winding support rods are set in winding telescopic rod top end, it can With the winding wheel that the inclination or formation of the multiple winding support rods of the flexible realization of winding telescopic rod are vertical, it is ensured that winding effect While, it realizes quickly discharging material, while the control in order to ensure winding telescopic rod to stretching bar, is set in the upper end of winding telescopic rod The contractile ring being flexibly connected with stretching bar is set, and in order to ensure the limit effect of upper end, on the upper end outer wall of winding support rod Multiple auxiliary levers are set, while also can be in discharging, auxiliary lever is removed can be by drum removal.

In addition, the winding module used includes winding wheel, the receipts that winding wheel lower end is used to support rotation winding wheel are set Roll bar, winding bar are connected by the second rotating member with rotatable platform, so that it is non-interference between winding bar and the second driven wheel, And it can mutually freely be rotated on rotatable platform;And winding bar lower end setting for realizing rotate coaxially and control turn The linking module of speed;And the linking module used includes the friction plug being movably arranged on the winding bar, is arranged in the biography Drag ring on dynamic inside pipe wall, the first telescopic rod that the friction plug lower end surface is set and is matched with the winding bar;It is logical It crosses unfolding for the first telescopic rod and realizes that friction plug is contacted with drag ring realization, so that power is transferred to receipts by the second driven wheel In roll bar, so that winding wheel rotates, and it can be received by the contact area and dynamics of control friction plug and drag ring to control The revolving speed of roll bar;And the winding bar used is round tube, and opens up the assembly of rectangle in the axial direction on the side wall of winding bar Slot enables friction plug to move axially along fitting groove, and can pass through friction when friction plug is in contact with drag ring Plug transmits power, and the friction plug used includes the T-type strut being arranged in the fitting groove, is set in the winding The friction sleeve matched on bar and with the T-type strut;So that can received when telescopic rod is arranged on winding bar central axis Roll bar inner wall is controlled, and the first telescopic rod used herein is Pneumatic extension bar or electric telescopic rod, and in order to guarantee electricity Can or gas source supply stability, Pneumatic extension bar lower end be arranged rotary joint, and electric telescopic rod lower end be arranged brush into Row power supply.

In addition, the threading mechanism used includes the lead wire lever of setting on the base, it is arranged in the lead wire lever upper end Leadthrough module for clamping and drawing, one end are flexibly connected with lead wire lever, the auxiliary telescopic that the other end is movably connected with the base Bar;And the auxiliary telescopic bar used is swung for electric telescopic rod by the flexible realization lead wire lever of electric telescopic rod, is realized The crust of removing and metal core are pulled and are fixed on the pneumatic-finger to winding wheel, can also be used certainly common Electromagnetic clamp, then reset after can play the role of guidance support;And the leadthrough module used includes being arranged in the lead The wire leading wheel of bar upper end can carry out route guidance on it, and lead frame is arranged at an upper portion thereof, can be oppositely arranged on it Two second telescopic rods, and pressure plate is set in the front end of telescopic rod, to realize the clamping to crust and metal core;Also can simultaneously Realization carries out orderly winding on winding wheel, and when interruption is rewound, is able to carry out linking and continues to wind;In order to true It protects leadthrough module and obtains fine lead effect, the position-limited wheel for matching with the wire leading wheel is set in lead frame upper end, is come Guarantee arbitrarily adjust the position that crust and metal core are wound on winding wheel when winding wheel is wound.

In addition, the guiding mechanism used includes the guiding bar of setting on the base, it is arranged in the guiding bar upper end Guide wheel group, and the first driving motor matched with the guide wheel group;Support function is realized by guiding bar, is passed through Guide wheel group realizes the compression and orderly conveying to conducting wire, and the guide wheel group used includes guidance wheel support, is arranged described The fixed roll wheel on wheel support is guided, be movably arranged on guidance wheel support by elastic component and is matched with the fixed roll wheel dynamic Roller, the fixed roll wheel are fixedly connected with the output shaft of first driving motor;And annular knurl, energy are set on the fixed roll wheel used Enough increasing friction forces ensure the stability of route conveying, while playing the role of guiding;And the first driving motor used is step It, can be by obtaining the length and rate of its rotation on control mechanism into motor, and then the length for peeling crust can be obtained, make Two second telescopic rods can be realized to crust or metal core clamping when, can be reserved in end for pneumatic-finger or electromagnetism The length of clamping.

In addition, the peeling procedure used includes the peeling strut of setting on the base, it is arranged in the peeling strut On annular knife rest, the toolbox that peeling is used on annular knife rest is set, and setting is used on the annular knife rest Guide the directing plate of crust;Limit also has been carried out to cable while realization by annular knife rest to cable peeling and has avoided cable The phenomenon that disengaging, while in order to avoid occurring the phenomenon that deviateing blade in peeling process, it is located at the cutter group in annular knife rest Part cuts inlet and peeling supplementary module is arranged, it is ensured that when peeling will not there is a phenomenon where cables to deviate, while in order to adapt to not With the cable of model, the toolbox of use includes the clamping plate slot being arranged on the annular knife rest, is arranged in the clamping plate slot Interior bark knife is arranged in the threaded hole of the clamping plate groove sidewall, the hold-down bolt in the threaded hole is arranged in;So that into It only needs to adjust the position of bark knife when row adjustment, and compresses the effect that can ensure that peeling using hold-down bolt, while in order to Ensure the effect removed the peel, upper and lower bark knife most short air gap is less than the diameter of metal core.

Detailed description of the invention

Fig. 1 is overall structure diagram of the invention;

Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram of guide wheel group of the present invention;

Fig. 3 is the overlooking structure diagram of rotating mechanism of the present invention;

Fig. 4 is the structure enlargement diagram at A of the present invention;

Fig. 5 is the positive structure schematic of friction plug of the present invention;

Fig. 6 is the structural schematic diagram of leadthrough module of the present invention;

Fig. 7 is the side structure schematic diagram of peeling procedure of the present invention;

Fig. 8 is the positive structure schematic of peeling procedure of the present invention;

Fig. 9 is whole overlooking structure diagram of the invention;

Figure 10 is the structural schematic diagram of present invention winding module;

Figure 11 is the whole another structural schematic diagram of the present invention;

Figure 12 is the structure enlargement diagram at B of the present invention;

Figure 13 is the side structure schematic diagram of friction plug of the present invention;

Figure 14 is the schematic elevation view of another structure of present invention winding module;

Figure 15 is the schematic top plan view of another structure of present invention winding module;

Figure 16 is the partial enlargement structural representation of another structure of present invention winding module.

Specific embodiment

In order to make the object, technical scheme and advantages of the embodiment of the invention clearer, below in conjunction with the embodiment of the present invention Attached drawing 1-16, the technical solution of the embodiment of the present invention is clearly and completely described.Obviously, described embodiment is A part of the embodiments of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.Based on described the embodiment of the present invention, this field is common Technical staff's every other embodiment obtained, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.

Embodiment one

The rolling-up mechanism on pedestal 1 is arranged in a kind of waste and old cable peeling recyclable device, including pedestal 1, is arranged described Three threading mechanisms matched on pedestal 1 and with the rolling-up mechanism, be arranged on the pedestal 1 and with three leads The guiding mechanism matched on the pedestal 1 and with the peeling procedure, Yi Jishe is arranged in the peeling procedure that mechanism matches It sets in the pedestal side for rolling-up mechanism, threading mechanism described in coordinated control, the control machine of peeling procedure and guiding mechanism Structure 26;

The rolling-up mechanism includes the rotation axis 4 being arranged on the pedestal 1, and the rotatable platform in rotation axis 4 is arranged in 21, multiple winding modules on the rotatable platform 21 are set, matches and is arranged in the rotation with the winding module The transmission mechanism of the driving winding module on platform 21;

The winding wheel includes winding wheel disc 79, and multiple winding support rods 75 on the winding wheel disc 79 are arranged in, if The control support rod 78 on the winding wheel disc 79 is set, the winding telescopic rod 76 on control 78 top of support rod is set, And multiple stretching bars that winding 76 top of telescopic rod is used to be flexibly connected with multiple winding support rods 75 are set 81。

The threading mechanism includes the lead wire lever 11 of setting on the base, and setting is used in 11 upper end of lead wire lever The leadthrough module 10 with traction is clamped, one end is connected with lead wire lever 11, and the auxiliary that the other end is flexibly connected with the pedestal 1 is stretched Contracting bar 2;

The guiding mechanism includes the guiding bar 15 of setting on the base, and setting is used in 15 upper end of guiding bar To the guide wheel group 14 that cable guides, and the first driving motor 145 matched with the guide wheel group 14.

The rotation axis 4 is fixed on the pedestal 1 by bearing 5, and the second driving motor is arranged on the pedestal 1 3, and 3 output shaft of the second driving motor is fixedly connected with the rotation axis 4.

The transmission mechanism includes the third driving motor 6 being arranged on the rotatable platform 21, is arranged in the third Main driving wheel 8 on driving motor 6, four for being arranged on the rotatable platform 21 and being matched with the main driving wheel 8 One driven wheel 9, multiple second driven wheels 19 matched with first driven wheel 9, at the center of second driven wheel 19 The transmission tube 17 of setting, the first rotating member 20 for being arranged on the transmission tube 17 and being matched with the rotatable platform 21.

The winding module includes winding wheel 7, and 7 lower end of winding wheel is arranged in and is used to support the receipts for rotating the winding wheel Roll bar 18, the winding bar 18 are connected by the second rotating member 24 with rotatable platform 21, and are arranged in the winding bar 18 The linking module that lower end is matched with second driven wheel.

The linking module includes the friction plug 25 being movably arranged on the winding bar 18, is arranged in the transmission tube 17 Drag ring 16 on inner wall is fixed at 25 lower end surface of friction plug and matches with the winding bar 18 first flexible Bar 22.

The winding bar 18 is round tube, axially disposed fitting groove on 18 side wall of winding bar, the friction plug 25 Including the T-type strut 252 being arranged in the fitting groove, it is set on the winding bar 18 and matches with the T-type strut 252 The friction sleeve 251 of conjunction.

The telescopic rod 22 is the Pneumatic extension bar that rotary joint 23 is arranged in lower part.

The guide wheel group 14 includes guidance wheel support 142, and the fixed roll wheel 143 on the guidance wheel support 142 is arranged in, It is movably arranged on the dynamic roller 141 matched on guidance wheel support 142 and with the fixed roll wheel 143 by elastic component 146, it is described Fixed roll wheel 143 is fixedly connected with the output shaft of first driving motor 145.

The leadthrough module includes the wire leading wheel 101 that 11 upper end of lead wire lever is arranged in, and is connected with the lead wire lever 11 The lead frame 102 for connecing and being arranged in 101 top of wire leading wheel, is oppositely arranged on two second telescopic rod 103 on lead frame 102, The pressure plate 104 of two second telescopic rod, 103 front ends is set.

The peeling procedure includes the peeling strut 13 being arranged on the pedestal 1, is arranged on the peeling strut 13 Annular knife rest 124, be arranged on annular knife rest 124 be used for peeling toolbox, it is described annular knife rest 124 be located at the knife Have component cutting inlet and peeling supplementary module is set, the peeling supplementary module includes fixing to connect with the annular knife rest 124 The first auxiliary rod 128 connect is arranged in the first auxiliary roller 127 on first auxiliary rod 128, passes through the second auxiliary rod 126 are movably arranged on the second auxiliary roller 125 on annular knife rest 124, second auxiliary rod 126 and the first auxiliary rod 128 Between be arranged elastic component 130.

The toolbox includes the clamping plate slot 123 being arranged on the annular knife rest, is arranged in the clamping plate slot 123 Bark knife 122, the threaded hole of 123 side wall of clamping plate slot is set, the hold-down bolt 121 in the threaded hole is set.

For the embodiment in order to ensure the intelligence of the present apparatus, personal meter is can also be used for PLC in the control mechanism used certainly Calculation machine is controlled, and can be included generator using electric energy in the embodiment, is also possible to external 220V or 380V Power supply, can be also included battery;The intelligent control to the system can be realized by control mechanism;

In addition, the PLC used in the examples is conventional programmable controller, each driving motor rotation can be controlled Angle and data, the specific control mode such as revolving speed, the stroke of telescopic rod, travel switch opening and closing be conventional controlling party Formula, the present invention repeat no more;

In addition, the threading mechanism used in this embodiment is three, and it controls lead wire lever by auxiliary telescopic bar and inclines It when oblique, can draw with by two crusts and metal core to corresponding winding wheel, three used in the present embodiment lead Mechanism is arranged side by side, and three threading mechanisms of three angle settings at 45 ° can also be used certainly.

Embodiment two

The difference of itself and embodiment one is: being arranged on the annular knife rest 124 for guiding the directing plate of crust 129。

Third telescopic rod is arranged in 11 upper semisection of lead wire lever.

The telescopic rod 22 is the electric telescopic rod that rotary joint 23 is arranged in lower part, and the electric telescopic rod lower end is arranged Brush.

The contractile ring 80 for being flexibly connected with the stretching bar 81 is arranged in winding 76 upper end of telescopic rod.

Multiple auxiliary levers 77 for being limited to drum are arranged in the winding 75 upper end outer wall of support rod.

Pedestal is arranged on automobile in the embodiment or wheel is set in bottom surface, can be realized freely moving for the present apparatus It is dynamic, enhance flexibility;And the directing plate used can control well the crust cut for rectangular channel, avoid Unordered phenomenon realizes that more accurately length controls, and the third telescopic rod used can be realized for electric telescopic rod in lead When winding, pass through the position of extension and contraction control crust or metal the core winding of third telescopic rod, it is ensured that the maximization benefit of winding wheel With reducing the frequency of unloading, improve work efficiency.

Embodiment three

As shown in figs. 10-12: the difference of itself and embodiment two is: four being arranged on the rotatable platform 21 for positioning The first positioning protrusion 28, and the first position-sensing switch 31 for matching with first protrusion 28 is set on pedestal 1, and described First position-sensing switch 31 is interconnected with 26 signal of control mechanism;

Four the second positioning protrusion 29 used for positioning are set on the winding wheel lower end surface, and in the rotatable platform 21 It is upper that the second position-sensing switch 30 matched with second positioning protrusion 29, and second position-sensing switch 30 and the control are set 26 signal of mechanism interconnection processed.

First positioning protrusion and the second positioning protrusion used in the examples are truncated rectangular pyramids;And the first positioning used Protrusion can also be provided on rotatable platform, and the protrusion is located at rotatable platform side position corresponding with winding wheel, and be arranged The first position-sensing switch be arranged on the pedestal on peeling procedure and rotation axis central junction line, and then realize and turn to when should be out Trigger switch and cut off the power realization positioning the phenomenon that;And the first position-sensing switch used and the second position-sensing switch are existing Travel switch.

Example IV

The difference of itself and embodiment three is: be arranged on the winding support rod 75 on the winding wheel 7 it is multiple be used for and draw The pneumatic-finger 71 that line mechanism is cooperated, the pneumatic-finger 71 are connect by pneumatic tube 74 with the rotation being arranged on winding bar First 72 are connected, the main tracheae 76 which is arranged by side wall and the small air pump phase being arranged on rotatable platform 21 It is connected to, solenoid valve is set on the pneumatic tube.

Due to the phenomenon that being easy to appear fracture when peeling in the embodiment, when leadthrough module clamps crust, by auxiliary It helps telescopic rod driving lead wire lever to be tilted, and is slowly inclination, avoid the phenomenon that pulling apart crust, and due in lead wire lever Portion is telescopic rod, and the control to the length of telescopic bar can be realized by control mechanism, is made it possible to pneumatic with different height Finger is cooperated, and is wound to realize to the continued access for interrupting crust with this, and the cooperation of drag ring and friction plug due to setting, It can be realized the control to winding wheel speed, can be realized asynchronous rotation, this operation can both be controlled by manual control Mechanism is operated, and can also be added sensor and be operated.

Embodiment five

A kind of operation method of waste and old cable recovering apparatus:

S1: the present apparatus being placed at stock ground or route to be recycled, after being debugged, measures the outer of cable to be recycled Skin thickness and metal wire core diameter adjust the gap of two bark knives, then pass through control mechanism the second driving motor of control and the The rotation of three driving motors is so that it is triggered to position-sensing switch, and then enters pause;

S2: cable to be recycled is passed through into guide wheel group, and is put into peeling supplementary module, control mechanism control is then passed through System continues work, and the length of peeling is obtained by the rotation of the first driving motor, when length is more than the length of pressure plate, Control pressure plate is clamped the crust or metal core that peel, then obtains barking speed and length according to the first driving motor Degree evidence controls auxiliary telescopic bar to control the angle and speed of lead wire lever rotation, and then crust and metal core drawing are twined Around on corresponding winding wheel, then after pneumatic-finger is clamped crust and metal core, lead wire lever is in auxiliary telescopic It is slowly resetted under the drive of bar, opens third driving motor at this time and the telescopic rod for controlling correspondence linking module lower part to rub Plug is slowly contacted with drag ring so that corresponding winding wheel slowly rotates, and starts to wind;

S3: with the progress of winding, the crust or metal core of winding wheel top winding are more and more, then pass through lead The telescopic rod on bar top reduces the height of leadthrough module, so that crust or metal core are wound downwards, so as to It orderly and is closely wrapped on winding wheel, until completing winding.

S4: after the completion of winding, winding wheel being shunk, so that winding wheel coil diameter reduces, and passes through lifting machine Drum is removed, lasting peeling work can not be shut down.

Further, when there is a phenomenon where outer belt fracture, the height of auxiliary telescopic bar S5: is obtained by control mechanism Degree, and by control mechanism will the winding wheel of corresponding fracture turn at the second limit switch when, triggering is connected module and is divided From ensuring the accuracy positioned with this, then slow down the revolving speed of all winding wheels and the first driving motor, and be broken corresponding Crust clamped again by pressure plate, then by control lead wire lever on telescopic rod reduce lead wire lever height, make it It can rotate on pneumatic-finger corresponding and that crust is placed on winding wheel, realize and clamp, then lead wire lever resets, and passes through Control mechanism realizes that the carry out peeling of high speed again winds work, until cable is completed to recycle if without fracture.

Further;In S5, after the completion of winding wheel winding, metal core and crust are cut by operator It is disconnected, then the winding wheel not wound is turned to take-up position by the rotation of the second driving motor, then repeatedly S1- S4 movement.

The working principle of the invention: the present apparatus being moved at the route for needing to recycle, and is assessed cable, if It is separated after being confirmed as recycling, then cable is passed through into guiding mechanism, and measure to the thickness of cable sheath, with this To adjust the gap between two bark knife blades;Then the front end of cable is put into auxiliary stand, then passes through guide wheel group On driving motor cable is advanced automatically, and peeling is carried out by annular knife rest, and control and draw by control mechanism The cable skin peeled is clamped and peels crust according to the revolving speed of the driving motor in guide wheel group to determine by wire module Length pulls crust to pneumatic-finger, then gas when then length can be cooperated with the pneumatic-finger on winding wheel It starts to refer to and be clamped, and unclamp leadthrough module and it is made to reset and play the role of Auxiliary support;

Then it controls corresponding winding wheel to work, by the contact surface between control friction plug and drag ring, come It realizes the control to winding wheel speed, has obtained sufficient application completely as the carry out winding wheel top of winding is rolling, By lead wire lever retracted downward, so that the crust and metal core that peel wind full corresponding winding wheel, it is allowed to the line to be formed Disk is closely knit drum, when needing to carry out removal to drum, auxiliary lever is removed, then control winding telescopic rod will be received Volume support rod is shunk, and then by boom hoisting, crane etc. will be removed at the drum of disk, will not influence and continue working;It is logical Non-stop run is crossed, not only old route is transformed, but also waste and old cable can be classified recycling, is enabled it to It is enough directly to be recycled, it avoids and first winds waste and old route, the phenomenon that being recycled, simplify process flow, improve Working efficiency.

The above is a preferred embodiment of the present invention, it is noted that for those skilled in the art For, without departing from the principles of the present invention, it can also make several improvements and retouch, these improvements and modifications It should be regarded as protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of waste and old cable peeling recyclable device, it is characterised in that: including pedestal, the rolling-up mechanism being set on the base, if Set several threading mechanisms matched on the base and with the rolling-up mechanism, setting on the base and with several institutes State the peeling procedure that threading mechanism matches, the guiding mechanism that setting matches on the base and with the peeling procedure, And the pedestal side is set for rolling-up mechanism, threading mechanism described in coordinated control, peeling procedure and guiding mechanism Control mechanism;
The rolling-up mechanism includes the rotation axis of setting on the base, and rotatable platform on the rotating shaft is arranged, and setting exists Multiple winding modules on the rotatable platform match with the winding module and are arranged on the rotatable platform for driving Move the transmission mechanism of the winding module;
The winding module includes winding wheel, and winding wheel lower end is arranged in and is used to support the winding bar for rotating the winding wheel, The winding bar is connected by the second rotating member with rotatable platform, and is arranged in the winding bar lower end and the second driven wheel The linking module matched;
The winding wheel includes winding wheel disc, and multiple winding support rods on the winding wheel disc are arranged in, are arranged in the receipts Control support rod on rolling wheel disk, is arranged in the winding telescopic rod of the control supporting bar top, and is arranged in the winding Telescopic rod top end is used for the multiple stretching bars being flexibly connected with multiple winding support rods.
2. waste and old cable peeling recyclable device as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: the threading mechanism includes that setting exists Leadthrough module of the lead wire lever upper end for clamping and drawing, one end and lead wire lever is arranged in lead wire lever on the pedestal It is connected, the auxiliary telescopic bar that the other end is flexibly connected with the pedestal;
The guiding mechanism includes setting guiding bar on the base, setting the guiding bar upper end be used for cable into The guide wheel group of row guidance, and the first driving motor matched with the guide wheel group.
3. waste and old cable peeling recyclable device as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that: the rotation axis is fixed by bearing On the base, the second driving motor, and the output shaft of the second driving motor and the rotation is arranged in setting on the pedestal Axis is fixedly connected.
4. waste and old cable peeling recyclable device as claimed in claim 3, it is characterised in that: the transmission mechanism includes that setting exists The main driving wheel on the third driving motor is arranged in third driving motor on the rotatable platform, is arranged at described turn Two first driven wheels matched on moving platform and with the main driving wheel, multiple second matched with first driven wheel Driven wheel, second driven wheel center be arranged transmission tube, be arranged on the transmission tube and with the rotatable platform The first rotating member matched.
5. waste and old cable peeling recyclable device as claimed in claim 4, it is characterised in that: the winding module includes winding Wheel, is arranged in winding wheel lower end and is used to support the winding bar for rotating the winding wheel, and the winding bar passes through the second rotating member It is connected with rotatable platform, and the linking module that the setting winding bar lower end is matched with second driven wheel.
6. waste and old cable peeling recyclable device as claimed in claim 5, it is characterised in that: the linking module is set including activity The friction plug on the winding bar is set, the drag ring being fixed on the transmission inside pipe wall is arranged in the friction plug Lower end surface and the first telescopic rod matched with the winding bar.
7. waste and old cable peeling recyclable device as claimed in claim 6, it is characterised in that: the winding bar is round tube, institute Axially disposed fitting groove on winding bar side wall is stated, the friction plug includes the T-type strut being arranged in the fitting groove, is arranged The friction sleeve matched on the winding bar and with the T-type strut.
8. waste and old cable peeling recyclable device as claimed in claim 7, it is characterised in that: the guide wheel group includes guide wheel Bracket, be arranged in it is described guidance wheel support on fixed roll wheel, by elastic component be movably arranged on guidance wheel support on and with it is described The dynamic roller that fixed roll wheel matches, the fixed roll wheel are fixedly connected with the output shaft of first driving motor.
9. waste and old cable peeling recyclable device as claimed in claim 8, it is characterised in that: the leadthrough module includes that setting exists The wire leading wheel of the lead wire lever upper end is connected with the lead wire lever and the lead frame above the wire leading wheel is arranged in, relatively Two second telescopic rods is set on lead frame, the pressure plate of two second telescopic rod front ends is set.
10. waste and old cable peeling recyclable device as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: the peeling procedure includes setting The annular knife rest on the peeling strut is arranged in peeling strut on the base, is arranged on annular knife rest for shelling The toolbox of skin, and be arranged on the annular knife rest for guiding the directing plate of crust.
CN201710688870.6A 2017-08-13 2017-08-13 A kind of waste and old cable peeling recyclable device CN107492425B (en)

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CN201710688870.6A CN107492425B (en) 2017-08-13 2017-08-13 A kind of waste and old cable peeling recyclable device

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710688870.6A CN107492425B (en) 2017-08-13 2017-08-13 A kind of waste and old cable peeling recyclable device

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CN107492425B true CN107492425B (en) 2019-04-19

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Families Citing this family (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107979032A (en) * 2017-12-27 2018-05-01 宁波得晴电器科技有限公司 Waste and old cable recovering apparatus
CN108183431A (en) * 2017-12-30 2018-06-19 郑州赫恩电子信息技术有限公司 A kind of rotation clamped-in style waste wire peeling wrap-up
CN108199306A (en) * 2017-12-30 2018-06-22 郑州赫恩电子信息技术有限公司 One kind is manually inserted into formula waste wire peeling wrap-up
CN108063404A (en) * 2017-12-30 2018-05-22 郑州赫恩电子信息技术有限公司 A kind of full-automatic waste wire peeling wrap-up
CN108539670A (en) * 2018-05-21 2018-09-14 淄博名堂教育科技有限公司 A kind of quick peeling wrap-up of communication engineering cable
CN111933364A (en) * 2019-11-27 2020-11-13 朱立怀 Old and useless power cord separation recovery unit

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JP2009060770A (en) * 2007-09-04 2009-03-19 Tlc:Kk Electric wire replacement method
CN101625914A (en) * 2009-08-07 2010-01-13 中国西电集团公司 Peeling device of insulated single wire
CN201611596U (en) * 2009-07-29 2010-10-20 四川新东方电缆集团有限公司 Electric cable stripping device
CN105849824A (en) * 2013-12-18 2016-08-10 住友电装株式会社 Wire ejection device

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3715068A (en) * 1970-08-28 1973-02-06 Post Office Apparatus for the laying or recovery of cables
JP2009060770A (en) * 2007-09-04 2009-03-19 Tlc:Kk Electric wire replacement method
CN201611596U (en) * 2009-07-29 2010-10-20 四川新东方电缆集团有限公司 Electric cable stripping device
CN101625914A (en) * 2009-08-07 2010-01-13 中国西电集团公司 Peeling device of insulated single wire
CN105849824A (en) * 2013-12-18 2016-08-10 住友电装株式会社 Wire ejection device

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