CN107455057A - A kind of ditching-fertilizing machine for Tea planting - Google Patents

A kind of ditching-fertilizing machine for Tea planting Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107455057A
CN107455057A CN201710851289.1A CN201710851289A CN107455057A CN 107455057 A CN107455057 A CN 107455057A CN 201710851289 A CN201710851289 A CN 201710851289A CN 107455057 A CN107455057 A CN 107455057A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
plate
ditching
liquid medicine
cutterhead
receptacle
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201710851289.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吴建良
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Changxing Fengshouyuan Tea Professional Cooperatives
Original Assignee
Changxing Fengshouyuan Tea Professional Cooperatives
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Changxing Fengshouyuan Tea Professional Cooperatives filed Critical Changxing Fengshouyuan Tea Professional Cooperatives
Priority to CN201710851289.1A priority Critical patent/CN107455057A/en
Publication of CN107455057A publication Critical patent/CN107455057A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C15/00Fertiliser distributors
    • A01C15/12Fertiliser distributors with movable parts of the receptacle
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C5/00Making or covering furrows or holes for sowing, planting or manuring
    • A01C5/06Machines for making or covering drills or furrows for sowing or planting
    • A01C5/062Devices for making drills or furrows
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C5/00Making or covering furrows or holes for sowing, planting or manuring
    • A01C5/06Machines for making or covering drills or furrows for sowing or planting
    • A01C5/066Devices for covering drills or furrows
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01MCATCHING, TRAPPING OR SCARING OF ANIMALS; APPARATUS FOR THE DESTRUCTION OF NOXIOUS ANIMALS OR NOXIOUS PLANTS
    • A01M7/00Special adaptations or arrangements of liquid-spraying apparatus for purposes covered by this subclass
    • A01M7/0025Mechanical sprayers
    • A01M7/0032Pressure sprayers
    • A01M7/0035Pressure sprayers mounted on a frame and guided by hand; Spray barrow

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of ditching-fertilizing machine for Tea planting, including bottom plate, road wheel, electric expansion post, liquid medicine case and receptacle, the front end of the bottom plate is provided with electric expansion post by fixed plate, the inside of the protective cover is provided with cutterhead by spin axis bearing, and ditching knife has been fitted around it on the circumference of cutterhead, the junction of the mounting rod and trailing bar is provided with connecting plate, receptacle is installed at the top of the base plate rear end, the junction of the receptacle and fertilizer guiding tube is provided with magnetic valve, the top of the installing plate is provided with handle by jointed shaft, controlling switch is installed on the downside of the handle top, the both sides of the base plate rear end are provided with road wheel by the way that support bar is be hinged.The present invention is simple to operate, can disposably realize trench digging, fertilising and the operation of earthing by being provided with ditching device, fertilizer apparatus and covering device, efficiency high, reduce Tea planting cost.

Description

A kind of ditching-fertilizing machine for Tea planting
Technical field
The present invention relates to agricultural planting machinery technical field, specially a kind of ditching-fertilizing machine for Tea planting.
Background technology
Tealeaves can make drink, containing multiple beneficial composition, and have health-care efficacy, and China is the big country of Tea Production, tea tree Need repeatedly to apply fertilizer during plantation, the field planting ditch before plantation and the annual winter after operation are intended to discharge organic fertilizer, such as farmers' Fertilizer, cake fertilizer, organic commercial fertilizer etc., based on Commodity Organic Fertilizer, every mu is discharged 200-300 kilograms, respectively in early March, May The middle ten days and the last ten days, mid-August are carried out when combining shallow plowing operation three times, and based on N, P, K compound fertilizer, mu applies 40-60 kilograms, in tree crown 15-20 centimetres of bar ditch depth (20-25 centimetres of depth during lower base manure) is opened under edge, fertilizer is uniformly imposed in ditch, applies rear blinding, manually Trench digging loosens the soil, and fertilising operation labor intensity is big, and low production efficiency, operating cost is high, some agriculture ditching-fertilizings in the market Plant equipment volume is larger to carry out operation in the small tea field of line-spacing, and small-sized ditching-fertilizing equipment does not have power source, needs Manual work is wanted, efficiency is low, and ditching depth can not be adjusted voluntarily, and dose can not be controlled effectively, and can not be disposably complete Into trench digging, fertilising and overwrite job.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of ditching-fertilizing machine for Tea planting, to solve in above-mentioned background technology The problem of proposition.
To achieve the above object, the present invention provides following technical scheme:A kind of ditching-fertilizing machine for Tea planting, bag Bottom plate, road wheel, electric expansion post, liquid medicine case and receptacle are included, the front end of the bottom plate is provided with electronic stretch by fixed plate Contracting post, and the bottom of electric expansion post is provided with protective cover, the inside of the protective cover is provided with cutterhead by spin axis bearing, and Ditching knife is fitted around on the circumference of cutterhead, the one end of the protective cover away from cutterhead is provided with the second motor, and The output end of two motors is connected by shaft coupling with cutterhead, and supercharging is provided with the bottom plate above the electric expansion post Pump, and the output end of booster pump is provided with shower nozzle by conduit, and liquid medicine case, and medicine are provided with the bottom plate of the booster pump side The output end of water tank is connected by the input of conduit and booster pump, and the central position of the liquid medicine box top is provided with first Motor, and the output end of the first motor is provided with the stirring rod extended to inside liquid medicine case, the first driving electricity Liquid medicine charging aperture is all installed, the bottom of the liquid medicine case opening position installing plate is installed by mounting rod on the liquid medicine case of machine both sides There is trailing bar, the junction of the mounting rod and trailing bar is provided with connecting plate, locking is equidistantly distributed with the trailing bar Hole, and the locking device being used cooperatively with locking hole is installed on connecting plate, receptacle is installed at the top of the base plate rear end, And fertilizer charge door is installed at the top of receptacle, the bottom of the receptacle is provided with the fertilizer guiding tube through bottom plate, and fertilizer The junction of case and fertilizer guiding tube is provided with magnetic valve, and battery is provided with the bottom plate between receptacle and the liquid medicine case, and The output end of battery is connected by wire with the first motor, electric expansion post and the second motor, the bottom plate Installing plate is installed, and the top of installing plate is provided with handle, the downside of the handle top by jointed shaft at the top of rear end Controlling switch is installed, the both sides of the base plate rear end are provided with road wheel by the way that support bar is be hinged.
Preferably, the ditching knife is evenly distributed in the edge of cutterhead, and ditching knife tilts to cutterhead outside.
Preferably, the front end of the shower nozzle is provided with arc protective cover, and through hole is evenly distributed with protective cover.
Preferably, the bottom of the trailing bar uses arcuate structure.
Preferably, the bottom of the fertilizer guiding tube is provided with fertilizer outlet, and leads fertile mouth, trailing bar and cutterhead and be located at same water Plane.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:The Tea planting ditching-fertilizing machine is simple to operate, its function It can be operated by controlling switch, efficiency high, trench digging, fertilising and the disposable operation of earthing can be achieved, pass through installation There is the second motor to realize automatic trench digging, while the regulation of ditching depth can be carried out by being provided with electric expansion post, lead to Dose can be controlled as needed by crossing receptacle exit and being provided with magnetic valve, can be by after fertilising by being provided with arc trailing bar Ditch cover soil, prevent sun exposure from causing fertilizer to fail, according to Tea Pest prevent and treat needs, can by being provided with liquid medicine case The medical treatment of disease pest is carried out, passes through the be hinged shifting being provided with when road wheel can be used for the non-operation of the ditching-fertilizing machine of support bar Dynamic and support, reduces the abrasion of ditching knife.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the side sectional view of ditching device of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is covering device partial schematic diagram of the present invention.
In figure:1- magnetic valves;2- installing plates;3- bottom plates;4- fertilizer guiding tubes;5- road wheels;6- trailing bars;7- mounting rods;8- Fertilizer outlet;9- ditching knifes;10- cutterheads;11- protective covers;12- electric expansion posts;13- fixed plates;14- booster pumps;15- shower nozzles; 16- stirring rod;17- liquid medicine casees;18- liquid medicine charging apertures;The motors of 19- first;20- batteries;21- receptacles;22- fertilizer Charge door;23- handles;24- controlling switches;25- rotary shafts;Protection board under 26-;The motors of 27- second;28- locking dresses Put;29- connecting plates;30- locking holes.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the embodiment of the present invention, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is carried out clear, complete Site preparation describes, it is clear that described embodiment is only part of the embodiment of the present invention, rather than whole embodiments.It is based on Embodiment in the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art are obtained every other under the premise of creative work is not made Embodiment, belong to the scope of protection of the invention.
Refer to Fig. 1-3, a kind of embodiment provided by the invention:A kind of ditching-fertilizing machine for Tea planting, including Bottom plate 3, road wheel 5, electric expansion post 12, liquid medicine case 17 and receptacle 21, the front end of bottom plate 3 are provided with electricity by fixed plate 13 Dynamic telescopic mast 12, can adjust ditching depth, and the bottom of electric expansion post 12 is provided with protective cover 11, and the inside of protective cover 11 passes through Spin axis bearing is provided with cutterhead 10, and ditching knife 9 has been fitted around on the circumference of cutterhead 10, and ditching knife 9 is evenly distributed in cutterhead 10 edge, ditching knife 9 tilt to the outside of cutterhead 10, and the one end of protective cover 11 away from cutterhead 10 is provided with the second motor 27, the output end of the second motor 27 is connected by shaft coupling with cutterhead 10, can be rotated with movable knife disc 10, and realization is opened automatically Ditch, booster pump 14 is installed on the bottom plate 3 of the top of electric expansion post 12, the output end of booster pump 14 is provided with shower nozzle by conduit 15, the front end of shower nozzle 15 is provided with arc protective cover, is evenly distributed with through hole on protective cover, on the bottom plate 3 of the side of booster pump 14 Liquid medicine case 17 is installed, the output end of liquid medicine case 17 is connected by conduit with the input of booster pump 14, and liquid medicine oneself can be achieved Dynamic sprinkling, the central position at the top of liquid medicine case 17 are provided with the first motor 19, the output end peace of the first motor 19 Equipped with the stirring rod 16 extended to inside liquid medicine case 17, liquid medicine, the liquid medicine case 17 of the both sides of the first motor 19 can be uniformly mixed On liquid medicine charging aperture 18 is all installed, the bottom of the opening position installing plate 2 of liquid medicine case 17 is provided with trailing bar 6 by mounting rod 7, peace The junction of dress bar 7 and trailing bar 6 is provided with connecting plate 29, and the bottom of trailing bar 6 uses arcuate structure, first-class of trailing bar 6 Away from locking hole 30 is distributed with, and the locking device 28 being used cooperatively with locking hole 30 is installed on connecting plate 29, can adjust earthing The angle and height of plate, it is easy to earthing operation, receptacle 21, the top installation of receptacle 21 is installed at the top of the rear end of bottom plate 3 There is fertilizer charge door 22, the bottom of receptacle 21 is provided with the fertilizer guiding tube 4 through bottom plate 3, the connection of receptacle 21 and fertilizer guiding tube 4 Place is provided with magnetic valve 1, can control dose as needed, and the bottom of fertilizer guiding tube 4 is provided with fertilizer outlet 8, leads fertile mouth 8, earthing Plate 6 and cutterhead 10 are located at same level, and trench digging, fertilising and the disposable operation of earthing, receptacle 21 and liquid medicine can be achieved Battery 20 is installed, the output end of battery 20 passes through wire and the first motor 19, electronic on the bottom plate 3 between case 17 The motor 27 of telescopic mast 12 and second is connected, and installing plate 2 is provided with the top of the rear end of bottom plate 3, and the top of installing plate 2 passes through Jointed shaft is provided with handle 23, can be provided with according to height regulation handle 23 to correct position, the downside at the top of handle 23 of people Controlling switch 24, ditching-fertilizing can control to be sprayed with liquid medicine, the both sides of the rear end of bottom plate 3 are provided with road wheel by the way that support bar is be hinged 5, movement and support during non-operation available for the ditching-fertilizing machine, reduce the abrasion of ditching knife 9.
Operation principle:Before use, checking whether this is intact using new each parts, fertilizer and insecticide water are distinguished Receptacle 21 and liquid medicine case 17 are added, then the invention is moved at by road wheel 5, in use, can be as needed The depth of trench digging, the length of automatic telescopic post 12 is controlled cutterhead 10 is sunk to suitable depth by controlling switch 24, simultaneously Coordinate the angle and height of ditching depth regulation trailing bar 6, the second motor 27 is controlled to suitable by controlling switch 24 Rotating speed, band movable knife disc 10 rotate forward, while as needed dose number, by controlling switch 24 control magnetic valve 1 open Mouthful size adjustment dose, ground is placed into by cutterhead 10, and road wheel 5 is packed up by support bar jointed shaft, hand steered handle 23 Trench digging, fertilising and earthing can be achieved, according to insect pest preventing and controlling needs, booster pump 14 is opened by controlling switch 24, realizes medicine The sprinkling of water.
It is obvious to a person skilled in the art that the invention is not restricted to the details of above-mentioned one exemplary embodiment, Er Qie In the case of without departing substantially from spirit or essential attributes of the invention, the present invention can be realized in other specific forms.Therefore, no matter From the point of view of which point, embodiment all should be regarded as exemplary, and be nonrestrictive, the scope of the present invention is by appended power Profit requires rather than described above limits, it is intended that all in the implication and scope of the equivalency of claim by falling Change is included in the present invention.Any reference in claim should not be considered as to the involved claim of limitation.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of ditching-fertilizing machine for Tea planting, including bottom plate (3), road wheel (5), electric expansion post (12), liquid medicine Case (17) and receptacle (21), it is characterised in that:The front end of the bottom plate (3) is provided with electric expansion post by fixed plate (13) (12), and the bottom of electric expansion post (12) is provided with protective cover (11), and the inside of the protective cover (11) passes through spin axis bearing Cutterhead (10) is installed, and ditching knife (9) has been fitted around on the circumference of cutterhead (10), the protective cover (11) is away from cutterhead (10) one end is provided with the second motor (27), and the output end of the second motor (27) passes through shaft coupling and cutterhead (10) connect, booster pump (14), and the output of booster pump (14) are installed on the bottom plate (3) above the electric expansion post (12) End is provided with shower nozzle (15) by conduit, and liquid medicine case (17), and liquid medicine are provided with the bottom plate (3) of booster pump (14) side The output end of case (17) is connected by conduit with the input of booster pump (14), the central position at the top of the liquid medicine case (17) First motor (19) is installed, and the output end of the first motor (19) is provided with and extends to liquid medicine case (17) inside Stirring rod (16), liquid medicine charging aperture (18) is all installed on the liquid medicine case (17) of the first motor (19) both sides, it is described The bottom of liquid medicine case (17) opening position installing plate (2) is provided with trailing bar (6) by mounting rod (7), and the mounting rod (7) is with covering The junction of native plate (6) is provided with connecting plate (29), locking hole (30) is equidistantly distributed with the trailing bar (6), and connect The locking device (28) being used cooperatively with locking hole (30) is installed on plate (29), is provided with the top of bottom plate (3) rear end Receptacle (21), and fertilizer charge door (22) is installed at the top of receptacle (21), the bottom of the receptacle (21) is provided with Fertilizer guiding tube (4) through bottom plate (3), and the junction of receptacle (21) and fertilizer guiding tube (4) is provided with magnetic valve (1), the fertilizer Battery (20) is installed, and the output end of battery (20) passes through on the bottom plate (3) between hopper (21) and liquid medicine case (17) Wire is connected with the first motor (19), electric expansion post (12) and the second motor (27), bottom plate (3) rear end Top installing plate (2) is installed, and the top of installing plate (2) is provided with handle (23), the handle (23) by jointed shaft Controlling switch (24) is installed, the both sides of bottom plate (3) rear end are provided with road wheel by the way that support bar is be hinged on the downside of top (5)。
A kind of 2. ditching-fertilizing machine for Tea planting according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The ditching knife (9) edge of cutterhead (10) is evenly distributed in, and ditching knife (9) tilts to cutterhead (10) outside.
A kind of 3. ditching-fertilizing machine for Tea planting according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The shower nozzle (15) Front end arc protective cover is installed, and through hole is evenly distributed with protective cover.
A kind of 4. ditching-fertilizing machine for Tea planting according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The trailing bar (6) bottom uses arcuate structure.
A kind of 5. ditching-fertilizing machine for Tea planting according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The fertilizer guiding tube (4) bottom is provided with fertilizer outlet (8), and leads fertile mouth (8), trailing bar (6) and cutterhead (10) and be located at same level.
CN201710851289.1A 2017-09-20 2017-09-20 A kind of ditching-fertilizing machine for Tea planting Pending CN107455057A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710851289.1A CN107455057A (en) 2017-09-20 2017-09-20 A kind of ditching-fertilizing machine for Tea planting

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710851289.1A CN107455057A (en) 2017-09-20 2017-09-20 A kind of ditching-fertilizing machine for Tea planting

Publications (1)

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CN107455057A true CN107455057A (en) 2017-12-12

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108738434A (en) * 2018-06-15 2018-11-06 钟美珍 A kind of loosening device of the seedling growth with fertilizing functions
CN109041616A (en) * 2018-07-09 2018-12-21 潘桢 A kind of farm land fertilizer apparatus with wide area work functions
CN109041744A (en) * 2018-11-05 2018-12-21 六安市叶集区富民高新葡萄种植专业合作社 A kind of wine-growing fertilising laxative all-in-one machine
CN109168451A (en) * 2018-11-15 2019-01-11 安徽理工大学 A kind of agricultural planting ditching device
CN109348755A (en) * 2018-10-31 2019-02-19 郑锦锦 Fertilising scarifier attachment for gardens
CN111670663A (en) * 2020-06-24 2020-09-18 杭州富阳宣星智能科技有限公司 Device capable of fertilizing soil at different depths

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108738434A (en) * 2018-06-15 2018-11-06 钟美珍 A kind of loosening device of the seedling growth with fertilizing functions
CN109041616A (en) * 2018-07-09 2018-12-21 潘桢 A kind of farm land fertilizer apparatus with wide area work functions
CN109348755A (en) * 2018-10-31 2019-02-19 郑锦锦 Fertilising scarifier attachment for gardens
CN109041744A (en) * 2018-11-05 2018-12-21 六安市叶集区富民高新葡萄种植专业合作社 A kind of wine-growing fertilising laxative all-in-one machine
CN109168451A (en) * 2018-11-15 2019-01-11 安徽理工大学 A kind of agricultural planting ditching device
WO2020097962A1 (en) * 2018-11-15 2020-05-22 安徽理工大学 Trenching apparatus for agricultural planting
CN111670663A (en) * 2020-06-24 2020-09-18 杭州富阳宣星智能科技有限公司 Device capable of fertilizing soil at different depths

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