CN107419627A - Turning to left and specific track after a kind of motor vehicle is kept straight in intersection or first turned right - Google Patents

Turning to left and specific track after a kind of motor vehicle is kept straight in intersection or first turned right Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107419627A
CN107419627A CN201710396006.9A CN201710396006A CN107419627A CN 107419627 A CN107419627 A CN 107419627A CN 201710396006 A CN201710396006 A CN 201710396006A CN 107419627 A CN107419627 A CN 107419627A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
straight
turn
unrestrictedly
indirectly
motor vehicle
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CN201710396006.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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褚万青
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褚万青
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Priority to CN201710396006.9A priority Critical patent/CN107419627A/en
Publication of CN107419627A publication Critical patent/CN107419627A/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01CCONSTRUCTION OF, OR SURFACES FOR, ROADS, SPORTS GROUNDS, OR THE LIKE; MACHINES OR AUXILIARY TOOLS FOR CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR
    • E01C1/00Design or layout of roads, e.g. for noise abatement, for gas absorption
    • E01C1/02Crossings, junctions or interconnections between roads on the same level
    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08GTRAFFIC CONTROL SYSTEMS
    • G08G1/00Traffic control systems for road vehicles
    • G08G1/07Controlling traffic signals

Abstract

Turning to left after keeping straight in intersection the invention discloses a kind of motor vehicle or first turning right;The motor vehicle travelled in a first direction on car lane can unrestrictedly keep straight on by intersection 0, the motor vehicle travelled on second direction car lane can not keep straight on by 0, but unrestrictedly can first it turn right by 0, rear left-hand rotation, to contribute to any one motor vehicle J, unrestrictedly " directly straight trip or turn left indirectly or turn around or keep straight on indirectly indirectly " by 0, and then contributes to J to pass unimpeded 0.The invention also discloses a kind of specific track, to contribute to J to pass unimpeded 0;E includes intersection 0;E, which includes " first direction car lane F and F preceding trade "+G ', G ', includes second direction car lane G;E includes the mark for determining F, G.

Description

Turning to left and specific track after a kind of motor vehicle is kept straight in intersection or first turned right
Technical field
The present invention relates to road traffic, more particularly to motor vehicle passes through intersection without restriction.
Background technology
Traditionally, motor vehicle is subject to many limitations in intersection:1st, the limitation turned right, such as the red arrow of no right turn Head lamp, such as " pedestrian and/or non-motor vehicle " are kept straight on from zebra stripes when keeping straight on green light and gone across the road, and cause motor vehicle can not Turn right etc.;2nd, the limitation directly turned left, such as forbid the red arrow lamp directly to turn left, such as " pedestrian and/or non-maneuver Car " in violation of rules and regulations in the left side of motor vehicle, go across the road by straight trip, cause motor vehicle directly to turn left etc.;3rd, the limit directly to turn around System, such as forbid traffic sign for directly turning around etc.;4th, the limitation directly kept straight on, such as most of intersection do not have Viaduct or grade separation tunnel, for example, " pedestrian and/or non-motor vehicle " cross in violation of rules and regulations in front of motor vehicle or on the right side of it is left Turn, be restricted the motor vehicle that preparation is directly kept straight on.
Limitation also is:5, even if there was only your car around intersection, the red light of intersection will also allow you Parking, wait, waste the time of driver, waste path resource;6, especially on the larger urban road of vehicle flowrate, due to machine Motor-car is continually waited in the concentration of intersection, is concentrated through, it is easy to is made followed by one, one, motor vehicle ground traveling, is made Spacing is less than safe distance and causing and the accident such as knocked into the back, hurt sb.'s feelings, and is also unfavorable for the normal lane change of motor vehicle;7, driver robbed green Lamp or amber light, easily violate and hand over rule and deducted points, imposed a fine, or traffic accident easily occurs;8th, many drivers are caused at least to intersect It is irritated at crossing, feel out of one's plate, driving experience it is not well;9th, congestion is easily caused, for example, substantial amounts of automobile waits on major trunk roads May only have during the straight trip green light of this intersection, on the major trunk roads between this intersection and front cross crossing a small amount of Automobile, the idle phenomenon of interval occurs.
The content of the invention
Goal of the invention:For the above-mentioned problems of the prior art and deficiency, it is an object of the invention to provide a kind of motor-driven Turning to left after car is kept straight in intersection or first turned right, the motor vehicle travelled in a first direction on car lane can be unrestrictedly Straight trip passes through intersection O, and the motor vehicle travelled on second direction car lane can not keep straight on by O, but can be unrestrictedly First turn right by O, rear left-hand rotation, to contribute to any one motor vehicle J, unrestrictedly " direct straight trip is turned left or turned around indirectly indirectly Or straight trip indirectly " by O, and then contribute to J to pass unimpeded O;The purpose of the present invention is also to provide a kind of specific track E, to contribute to J Pass unimpeded O;E includes intersection O;E, which includes " first direction car lane F and F preceding trade "+G ', G ', includes second direction machine Motor-car road G;E includes the mark for determining F, G.
Technical scheme:For achieving the above object, the first technical scheme for using of the present invention for:A kind of motor vehicle exists Turning to left after intersection is kept straight on or first turned right, it comprises the following steps:
(1) in the past, the motor vehicle that is travelled in one direction on car lane and travelled on another yaw maneuver track Motor vehicle in intersection O level-crossings, regulation now:One yaw maneuver track is first direction car lane F, should Another yaw maneuver track is second direction car lane G, " in daily in relatively-stationary period Z ", is being travelled on F The motor vehicle motor vehicle by O, travelled on G that can unrestrictedly keep straight on can not keep straight on by O, but can be unrestrictedly first right Turn by O, rear left-hand rotation;F includes F I, F II, and F I and F II are reverse;Z is more than or equal to five minutes;
(2) any one motor vehicle J is started running on car lane XO;
(3) XO is AO;When AO is " during F I or F II ", AO be go near gradually, rear the right, the car lane of full width, gradually go Gradually remote, preceding the right, the car lane OA of full width are AO preceding trades, DO be " F II or F I ", DO be go near gradually, the preceding left side, The motor vehicle of full width, DO is adjacent with OA, go far gradually, the rear left side, the car lane OD of full width be DO preceding trade, OD and AO phases Neighbour, J start running that unrestrictedly straight trip is by O to OA, " continuing to keep straight on OA, not turning left, i.e., J passes through to O on AO It is described straight trip O, straight trip by way of, unrestrictedly directly straight trip pass through O " or " unrestrictedly turn left on OA to DO, and And traveling is to O, ' J or else limitedly turn right by O to DO interconnections, go far gradually, the left side, full width car lane OC On, J continues to keep straight on OC, not turned left, i.e. J is kept straight on by way of O, left-hand rotation, right-hand rotation, straight trip described, unrestrictedly Turn left to pass through O ' indirectly or ' or else limitedly straight trip passes through on O to OD J, and continues straight trip, do not turn left, i.e. J passes through the straight trip O, left-hand rotation, straight trip by way of O, straight trip, unrestrictedly turn around to pass through O ' indirectly ";Or when AO belongs to G, AO is Go near gradually, back, the car lane of full width, BO be " F I or F II ", BO be go near gradually, left back side, the motor vehicle of full width Road, go far gradually, right back, the car lane OB of full width be BO preceding trade, CO be " F II or F I ", CO be go near gradually, Right front, the car lane of full width, CO is adjacent with OB, goes far gradually, left front side, the car lane OC of full width are moving ahead for CO Road, OC is adjacent with BO, and J is started running to O on AO, unrestrictedly first turn right by O to on the OB of AO interconnections, after Unrestrictedly turn left to CO, and travel to O, " or else limitedly straight trip by O to OC, ' continues on OC straight trip, no to J Turn left, i.e. J is turned right, turns left, kept straight on by way of O, straight trip described, and unrestrictedly left-hand rotation passes through O ' indirectly or ' AO is Afterwards the right car lane, OD be go far gradually, the rear left side, the car lane of full width, OD is adjacent with AO, J continuation on OC not by Limit ground turns left on BO, and travels to O, unrestrictedly turns right by O to on the OD of BO interconnections, and continuing straight Row, do not turn left, i.e. J by way of O, left-hand rotation, right-hand rotation, straight trip, is unrestrictedly fallen indirectly the right-hand rotation, left-hand rotation, straight trip Head pass through O ' " or " J or else limitedly turn right by O to CO interconnections, go far gradually, front, full width car lane OA On, J continues to keep straight on OA, not turned left, i.e. J is by way of the right-hand rotation, left-hand rotation, right-hand rotation, straight trip, unrestrictedly indirectly directly Row passes through O ";" going near gradually " refers to the motor-driven vehicle going for being gone near gradually with O, and " going far gradually " refers to be used to gradually go with O Gradually remote motor-driven vehicle going;
(4) " XO be CO " or " XO be DO " or " when XO is BO ", with the XO be AO similarly;
(5) J, which unrestrictedly " directly keeps straight on or turns left indirectly or turn around or keep straight on indirectly indirectly ", passes through O.
Second of technical scheme that the present invention uses for:A kind of specific track, it is characterized in that:According to motor vehicle as described above Turning to left after keeping straight in intersection or first turning right, the newly-built and/or specific track E of setting;E includes intersection O;E includes " F And F preceding trade "+G ', wherein, " F I are BO, and F II are CO " or " F I are CO, and F II are BO ", and BO preceding trade is OB, CO Preceding trade be OC, G be " AO and/or DO ", G ' be AO or DO or " AO, DO " or " AO, OA " or " AO, OD " or " DO, OD " or " DO, OA " or " AO, OA, DO " or " DO, OD, AO " or " AO, OA, DO, OD ", or, " F I are AO, and F II are DO " or " F I DO, F II are AO ", and AO preceding trade is OA, and DO preceding trade is OD, G be " BO and/or CO ", G ' be BO or CO or " BO, CO " or " BO, OB " or " BO, OC " or " CO, OC " or " CO, OB " or " BO, OB, CO " or " CO, OC, BO " or " BO, OB, CO, OC”;E includes the mark for determining F, G;An E effect is:In Z, the motor vehicle travelled on F can be unrestrictedly straight Row passes through O, and the motor vehicle travelled on G can not keep straight on by O, but unrestrictedly can first turn right by O, rear left-hand rotation, contributes to J Unrestrictedly " directly keep straight on or turn left indirectly or turn around or keep straight on indirectly indirectly " and pass through O.
The mark for determining F, G, it is in O top, the traffic lights K with support bar;A K effect It is that in Z, K is that the J for allowing to travel on " any one car lane in AO, CO, DO, BO " unrestrictedly " keeps straight on or right Turn " pass through O green light.
E also include positioned at F II and F I preceding trade CC I between " bicycle lane and/or pavement " AA and " bicycle lane and/or pavement " BB between F I and F II preceding trade CC II, AA, BB connect in O;AA、BB An effect be to be easy to " non-motor vehicle and/or pedestrian " straight trip on AA by O to BB, and then to contribute to J on F II And on the right side of " non-motor vehicle and/or the pedestrian ", unrestrictedly " straight trip passes through on O to CC II, or turns right and pass through O ", or Person, it is easy to " non-motor vehicle and/or pedestrian " straight trip on BB to pass through on O to AA, and then contributes to J on F I and " non-at this The right side of motor vehicle and/or pedestrian ", unrestrictedly " straight trip passes through on O to CC I, or turns right and pass through O ".
(1) E also includes the overpass M across car lane DD;M bridge top N has legal head room P;The one of M Individual effect is to be easy to M, lower M on " non-motor vehicle and/or pedestrian ", in DD overhead across DD, be easy to J under N " DD or Crossed in any one in DD ", so contribute to J unrestrictedly " straight trip is turned right " by O, DD be OD, AO, OB, CO, OA, Any one in DO, OC, BO or adjacent two;And/or (2) E also pedestrian tunnel Q including crossing car lane EE;Q tunnel Road hole R bottom has legal overhead height P ';A Q effect is to be easy to " non-motor vehicle and/or pedestrian " to enter Q, go out Q, EE is crossed in EE underground, is easy to J to be crossed on " in EE or the EE any one " on the R, and then contribute to J unrestrictedly " straight trip is turned right " passes through O;EE is any one or adjacent two in OD, AO, OB, CO, OA, DO, OC, BO.
M is in O or closes on O, also, M bridge top N has the aerial plank road S to stretch out;Intersection O ' is adjacent with O, people's row Overline bridge M ' is in O ' or closes on O ', S connections N and M ' bridge top N ';S has legal head room P ", and there is guardrail both sides, every one section of conjunction Suitable distance has the support bar for directly supporting S or hanging drawing S indirectly;A S effect is, in order to " non-motor vehicle and/or row People " comes and goes M and M ' on S, and is easy to J to be crossed under S.
(1) E also includes being located at " the longitudinal overpass of F I preceding trade FF I section GG I top outside O UI or longitudinal tunnel U ' I " of lower section, U I bridge top V I have legal head room W I, or U ' I Tunnel-hole V ' I bottom Portion has legal overhead height W ' I;U I indulge across GG I in GG I top, or U ' I are indulged in GG I lower section and worn GG I;“U Relatively forward horizontal line KK on horizontal line HH I relatively rearward on I or U ' I " rear end connection FF I, front end connection FF I I, i.e. GG I are between HH I and KK I, the top of U I this sections between HH I and KK I, or U ' I HH I and KK I it Between this section lower section;(2) E also includes being located at " the longitudinal overpass U of F II section GG II top outside O II or longitudinal tunnel U ' II " of lower section, U II bridge top have a legal head room W II, or U ' II Tunnel-hole V ' II Bottom has legal overhead height W ' II;U II indulge across GG II in F II section GG II top, or U ' II exist GG II lower section is vertical to wear GG II;" the horizontal line HH II relatively rearward on U II or U ' II " rear end connection F II, front end connects Meet the relatively forward horizontal line KK II on F II, i.e. GG II between HH II and KK II, U II HH II and KK II it Between this section top, or the lower section of U ' II this sections between HH II and KK II;HH II, KK I are on a horizontal line, KK II, HH I are on another horizontal line, also, at least V II connect with V I, or at least V ' II connect with V ' I;(3) " U I or U ' An I " effect is to be easy to " non-motor vehicle and/or pedestrian " not keep straight on by O, but from the " non-motor vehicle on FF I right side On the LL I of road and/or pavement ", FF I are crossed " under V I or on V ' I ";(4) " U II or U ' II " effect It is to be easy to " non-motor vehicle and/or pedestrian " not keep straight on by O, but from " bicycle lane and/or people's row on F II right side On road " MM II, F II are crossed " under V II or on V ' II ";(5) U I, U II are Jin Eryou to a J effect Help J and start unrestrictedly " straight trip or turn right " by O to FF I, then from bridge on HH I to V I, " turn left on V I to On V II, turn left again on V II, lower bridge to KK II, continue to keep straight on ..., i.e., unrestrictedly ' indirectly turn left or indirectly turn around or Straight trip indirectly ' pass through O " or " kept straight on V I, lower bridge to KK I, continue to keep straight on ..., i.e., unrestrictedly ' directly straight trip or straight Connect right-hand rotation ' pass through O ", or, and then contribute to J to be kept straight on from bridge on HH II to V II on V II, lower bridge to KK II, after To O, unrestrictedly " keeping straight on or turn right " passes through O for continuous straight trip;Or (7) U ' I, U ' II is to a J effect, and then contribute to J Start unrestrictedly " straight trip or turn right " by O to FF I, then from HH I to downward driving to V ' I bottom on, " V ' I's Turn left on bottom to V ' II bottom, turn left again on V ' II bottom, traveling continues to keep straight on ..., i.e., to KK II upwards Unrestrictedly ' turn left indirectly or turn around or keep straight on indirectly ' to pass through O " indirectly or " kept straight on V ' I bottom, upwards traveling to KK I, continue to keep straight on ..., i.e., unrestrictedly ' directly straight trip or directly turn right ' passes through O ", or, and then contribute to J from HH II to On downward driving to V ' II bottom, kept straight on V ' II bottom, traveling is to KK II upwards, continues straight trip to O, unrestrictedly " straight trip is turned right " passes through O.
F II and F I preceding trade NN I form two-way car lane PP I, E also include being located at outside O " across PP The I viaduct Y I or grade separation tunnel Y II " for crossing PP I;" Y I refer to Y I bridge top X I the one of PP I across PP I " Individual section QQ overhead is across QQ, or " Y II cross PP I " and refer to that Y II Tunnel-hole crosses QQ below QQ;X I have Certain head room RR I, certain width S S I, or the bottom X II of Y II Tunnel-hole have certain overhead height RR II, certain width S S II;" Y I up gradient TT I bottom of slope, or Y II gug TT II top of the slope " and NN I Outer track on horizontal line UU connect, TT I top of the slope connects with X I first end, or the first of TT II bottom of slope and X II End connects;Y I gug VV I top of the slope connects with X I the second end, or Y II up gradient VV II bottom of slope and X II The second end connect, " VV I bottom of slope or VV II top of the slope " connects with the horizontal line WW on F II;" one of Y I or Y II " Effect is to contribute to J to start after unrestrictedly " keeping straight on or turn right " by O, and the 1st kind of selection is travelled to NN I interior car On road, " X I being crossed under X I, or across the Tunnel-hole of the Y II on the Tunnel-hole of the Y II ", continue on NN I Straight trip, i.e., unrestrictedly " directly keeping straight on or directly turn right " passes through O;2nd kind of selection is travelled to UU, " from bridge on TT I to X I, or from TT II to downward driving to X II " after, " turning left on X I or X II ", turning left again, " from bridge under VV I, or from VV II Traveling upwards " continues straight trip to O ..., i.e., unrestrictedly " turns left indirectly or turn around or keep straight on indirectly indirectly " to pass through O to WW.
Y I also have a gug AAA I;AAA I top of the slope connects with the 3rd end of the X I, AAA I bottom of slope with Relatively forward horizontal line BBB on NN I outer track connects;An AAA I effect is that J is carried out and described 2nd kind selection The 3rd kind of parallel selection, i.e. J travels the horizontal line UU relatively rearward to NN I outer track, from bridge on TT I to X I, Kept straight on X I, from bridge under AAA I to BBB, continue to keep straight on, i.e., unrestrictedly " directly keeping straight on or directly turn right " passes through O.
Y I also have a up gradient CCC I;CCC I bottom of slope and the horizontal line relatively rearward on the outer track on F II DDD connects, and CCC I top of the slope connects with the 4th end of the X I;A CCC I effect is to contribute to J " to travel to F II Inside lane on, X I " are crossed under X I or " are travelled to DDD, from bridge on CCC I to X I, from bridge under VV I to F II's After relatively forward horizontal line WW " on outer track, continue straight trip to O ..., i.e., unrestrictedly " turning right or keep straight on " passes through O.
Beneficial effect:
Turning to left after the motor vehicle is kept straight in intersection or first turned right, creatively in Z, makes what is travelled on F Motor vehicle, which unrestrictedly can not only directly keep straight on, passes through O, additionally it is possible to which " turn left or turn around indirectly indirectly " is especially solved by O Motor vehicle of having determined unrestrictedly turns left in intersection by this hard nut to crack of O;As long as the motor vehicle for making to travel on G exists O first turns right, turned left afterwards, i.e. around some roads, it is possible to unrestrictedly " turns left indirectly or turn around or keep straight on indirectly indirectly " to pass through O; Inventors believe that although J " directly turned right on F or G " and pass through O, may not possess creativeness, should " directly right-hand rotation be led to Cross O " and " directly straight trip or turn left indirectly or turn around or keep straight on indirectly indirectly " of the present invention be combined by O, J is passed unimpeded O, It is then significant.
The motor vehicle intersection keep straight on or first turn right after turning to left, can make motor vehicle need not as before, Continually traffic lights are waited in each intersection;For example, unrestricted " the directly straight trip or indirectly straight trip " passes through O, J is set to wait the green light passed through that allows to keep straight in O;For example, described unrestricted " turn left or turn around indirectly indirectly " is logical O is crossed, J is waited the traffic lights for allowing directly " turn left or turn around " at O.Further, improvement is contributed to drive The person's of sailing drives to experience, and also makes the idle phenomenon of the interval will not occur on major trunk roads, then in the certain situation of total vehicle flowrate Under, contribute to the congestion problems for solving motor vehicle.
The traffic lights K, it is first direction, the important component of second direction car lane.
" bicycle lane and/or pavement " (referred to as non-maneuver road, similarly hereinafter) AA and BB, people's row in the special modality Overline bridge M, aerial plank road S, longitudinal overpass U I, U II, respectively assist in " non-motor vehicle and/or pedestrian " (referred to as it is non-maneuver, Similarly hereinafter) pass unimpeded O, and then contributes to J to pass unimpeded O;Also, also make motor vehicle and it is non-maneuver between disengage, without scratching, greatly Ground reduces traffic accident, avoids " people hinders or people dies ", family from breaking.Wherein, non-maneuver road AA, BB have higher creativeness, and AA, the BB can be combined with the special modality (not including the K), for example, the combination with longitudinal overpass U I, U II, Make it is non-maneuver need not be gone up a slope at intersection O overpass M, descending, as long as around some roads, it is possible to effortlessly pass unimpeded O。
Longitudinal overpass U I, U II, viaduct Y I in the special modality, on first direction car lane F, Contribute to J to pass unimpeded O, there is larger creativeness:(1) solve motor vehicle in O unrestrictedly to turn left this hard nut to crack, because For even in intersection, O has individual layer " viaduct or grade separation tunnel " traditional, for motor vehicle, also can't resolve this and asks Topic;(2) the gug AAA I great creativeness of Y I is also included, compared with the U I, U II, not only relative expand turns the Y I Curved radius, it is especially suitable for the longer vehicles such as bus and turns left on Y I, and be advantageous to J in the case where that need not give another the right of way, directly Connect right-hand rotation and pass through O.
In summary, turning to left and specific track after motor vehicle is kept straight in intersection or first turned right, help to realize machine It motor-car, the non-maneuver dream to pass unimpeded all the way, can also be easy to many people not start shooting motor-car, cycle on and off duty, take exercises and save Can environmental protection.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is specific track E plan;Fig. 2 is traffic lights K stereogram;In Fig. 1 into Fig. 2,1, crossroad Mouthful O, 2, car lane OD, 3, car lane AO, 4, car lane OB, 5, car lane CO, 6, car lane OA, 7, motor vehicle Road DO, 8, car lane OC, 9, car lane BO, 10, K, 11, K I, 12, K II, 13, K III, 14, KIV, 15, K support Bar.
Fig. 3 is specific track E, overpass M plan;Fig. 4 is M I stereogram;Fig. 5 is M I profile;Figure 6 be M II stereogram;Fig. 7 is MIII stereogram;Fig. 8 is MIV stereogram;In Fig. 3 into Fig. 8,1, intersection O, 2nd, car lane OD, 3, car lane AO, 4, car lane OB, 5, car lane CO, 6, car lane OA, 7, car lane DO, 8, car lane OC, 9, car lane BO, 10, M I, 11, N I, 12, EEE II, 13, FFF I, 14, M II, 15, N II, 16, EEEIII, 17, FFF II, 18, MIII, 19, NIII, 20, EEE MIV, 21, FFFIII, 22, MIV, 23, NIV, 24, EEE I, 25, FFFIV, 26, a supporter in M I outside, 27, another supporter in M I outside, d1 is N I Length, d2 are FFF I length, and d3 is FFF I width, and d4 is N I head room.
Fig. 9 is aerial plank road S plan;Figure 10 is S stereogram;Figure 11 is the profile of S bottom plate;In Fig. 9 extremely In Figure 11,1, intersection O, 2, M II, 3, car lane OD, 4, car lane AO, 5, N II, 6, aerial plank road S, 7, intersect Crossing O ', 8, M ' IV, 9, car lane DO ', 10, car lane O ' A, 11, N ' IV, the 12, first lap-joint, 13, support bar, 14th, S bottom plate, the 15, second lap-joint, 16, S guardrail, d1 is S width, and d2 is S length, and d3 is S head room.
Figure 12 is non-maneuver road MMM, NNN plan;In figure, 1, intersection O, 2, car lane OD, 3, motor vehicle Road AO, 4, car lane OB, 5, car lane CO, 6, car lane OA, 7, car lane DO, 8, car lane OC, 9, motor-driven Track BO, 10, non-maneuver road MMM, 11, non-maneuver road NNN, d1 be MMM, NNN width.
Figure 13 is pedestrian tunnel Q plan;Figure 14 is Q profile;Figure 15 is Q stereogram;In Figure 13 to Figure 15 In, 1, intersection O, 2, Q, 3, Tunnel-hole R, 4, gentle slope PPP, 5, a Tunnel-hole R aperture R I, 6, car lane OC, 7, Car lane BO, 8, R another aperture R II, 9, gentle slope RRR, 10, non-maneuver road SSS, 11, R bottom, 12, non-maneuver Road TTT, 13, the ground on R;D1 is the overhead height of R bottom, and d2 is gentle slope PPP width, and d3 is gentle slope PPP length Degree, d4 is Tunnel-hole R length.
Figure 16 is viaduct U I, U II and non-maneuver road XXX plan;Figure 17 is non-maneuver road XXX plan, Figure 18, Figure 19 are U I stereogram, profile, and Figure 20, Figure 21 are U II stereogram, profile;In Figure 16 into Figure 21, 1st, intersection O, 2, car lane AO, 3, car lane OB, 4, non-maneuver road LL I, 5, horizontal line HH I, 6, non-maneuver road XXX A part of XYZ, 7, U I, 8, V I, the hard connecting portion between 9, V II and V I, 10, horizontal line KK I, 11, horizontal line HH II, 12nd, non-maneuver road MM II, 13, U II, 14, V II, 15, horizontal line KK II, 16, non-maneuver road XXX, 17, car lane CO, 18th, car lane OC, 19, car lane BO, 20, an XYZ part, 21, XYZ another part, 22, the one of U I outside Individual supporter, 23, another supporter in U I outside, 24, a supporter of U II inner side, 25, U II inner side Another supporter, d1 are U I, U II width, and d2 is V I, V II length, and d3 is U I up gradient, U II descending The length in road, d4 are V I, V II head room.
Figure 22 is longitudinal tunnel U ' I, U ' II and non-maneuver road XXX ' plan;Figure 23 is non-maneuver road XXX ' plane Figure;Figure 24, Figure 25 are U ' I profile, stereogram, and Figure 26, Figure 27 are U ' II profile, stereogram;In Figure 22 to Figure 27 In, 1, intersection O, 2, car lane AO, 3, car lane OB, 4, non-maneuver road LL I, 5, horizontal line HH I, 6, non-maneuver road XXX ' a part of ZYX, 7, U ' I, 8, V ' I, the underground connecting portion between 9, V ' II and V ' I, 10, horizontal line KK I, 11, horizontal line HH II, 12, non-maneuver road MM II, 13, U ' II, 14, V ' II, 15, horizontal line KK II, 16, non-maneuver road XXX ', 17, car lane CO, 18, car lane OC, 19, car lane BO, 20, a ZYX part, 21, ZYX another part, 22, V ' I top Ground, 23, the ground of V ' II top, d1 is U ' I, U ' II width, and d2 is V ' I, V ' II length, and d3 is U ' I upward slope Road, U ' II gug length, d4 be V ' I bottom overhead height.
Figure 28 is viaduct Y I stereogram;Figure 29 is Y I plan;Figure 30 is Y I bridge top V I profile; In Figure 28 into Figure 30,1, intersection O, 2, car lane AO, 3, car lane OB, 4, horizontal line UU, 5, up gradient TT I, 6, The load bearing wall of an X I longitudinal direction, 7, X I first end, 8, X I, 9, X I the 3rd end, 10, gug AAA I, 11, horizontal Line BBB, 12, horizontal line DDD, 13, up gradient CCC l, 14, X I the 4th end, 15, Y I (wherein also include gug AAA I, Up gradient CCC I), 16, X I the second end, 17, gug VV I, 18, horizontal line WW, 19, car lane CO, 20, car lane OC, 21, car lane BO, d1 be X I head room, d2 is TT I, VV I length, and d3 is X I length, and d4 is TT I, VV I width, d5 are X I width.
Figure 31 is grade separation tunnel Y II stereogram;Figure 32 is Y II plan;In Figure 31 into Figure 32,1, crossroad Mouthful O, 2, car lane AO, 3, car lane OB, 4, horizontal line UU, 5, gug TT II, 6, the bottom X II of Y II Tunnel-hole First end, 7, X II, 8, X II the second end, 9, Y II, 10, up gradient VV II, 11, horizontal line WW, 12, car lane CO, 13, car lane OC, 14, car lane BO, d1 are TT II top of the slope height, and d2 is TT II width, and d3 is TT II length Degree, d4 is the width of Y II Tunnel-hole, and d5 is Y II width.
Embodiment
Example 1, such as Fig. 1, O (1) is crossroad;OD (2) be go far gradually, the rear left side, the car lane of full width, AO (3) Be go near gradually, rear the right, the car lane of full width, OD (2) and AO (3) is adjacent;OB (4) be go far gradually, right back, full width Car lane, CO (5) be go near gradually, right front, the car lane of full width, CO (5) and OB (4) is adjacent;OA (6) is gradually capable Gradually remote, preceding the right, the car lane of full width, DO (7) be go near gradually, the preceding left side, the car lane of full width, DO (7) and OA (6) It is adjacent;OC (8) be go far gradually, left front side, the car lane of full width, BO (9) be go near gradually, left back side, full width it is motor-driven Track, BO (9) and OC (8) are adjacent;OB (4) and AO (3) interconnection, OA (6) and CO (5) interconnection, OC (8) and DO (7) Interconnection, OD (2) and BO (9) interconnection;" going near gradually " refers to be used for the motor-driven vehicle going to go near gradually with O (1), " going far gradually " refers to be used for the motor-driven vehicle going to go far gradually with O (1).
In the past, the motor vehicle that was travelled on car lane in one direction and travelled on the car lane in another direction Motor vehicle in intersection O (1) level-crossing, (simply under the control of traditional traffic lights, interruption is current, does not just have Level-crossing);Turning to left after keeping straight in intersection now according to motor vehicle as described above or first turning right, sets specific track E; E includes intersection O (1);E includes " F and F preceding trade "+G ';E includes the mark for determining F, G;An E effect is: In Z, the motor vehicle travelled on F can unrestrictedly be kept straight on by O (1), and the motor vehicle travelled on G, which can not keep straight on, to be passed through O (1), but unrestrictedly can first turn right by O (1), it is rear turn left, that is, contribute to J unrestrictedly " directly straight trip or turn left indirectly or Turn around or keep straight on indirectly indirectly " by O (1).
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, the mark for determining F, G, is the traffic lights K (10) in O (1) top;K (10) is wrapped Include K I (11), K II (12), KIII (13), KIV (14), support bar (15);It should be noted that in figure, four marking lines (index line) signified position is K I, K II, KIII, KIV lower edge respectively.In this example, the Z is equal to 15 hours, i.e., 8 points to 11 points at night of every morning.
Turning to left after the motor vehicle is kept straight in intersection or first turned right, contributes to J to pass unimpeded O;The J O that pass unimpeded refer to that J is not Limitedly " directly turn right or directly keep straight on or turn left indirectly or turn around or keep straight on indirectly indirectly " and pass through O;That is, should " J pass unimpeded O " bag Include " J unrestrictedly ' the directly straight trips or indirect in turning to left after motor vehicle of the present invention is kept straight in intersection or first turned right Turn left or turn around or keep straight on indirectly indirectly ' pass through O ".(1) it is, that J passes unimpeded a kind of O situation below:
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, F I are AO (3), and F II are DO (7), and AO (3) preceding trade is OA (6), and DO (7) preceding trade is OD (2), G is " BO (9) and CO (5) ", G ' is " BO (9), OB (4), CO (5), OC (8) ", and E includes " AO (3), OA (6), DO (7)、OD(2)”+“BO(9)、OB(4)、CO(5)、OC(8)”;E includes KI (11), and K I (11) are comprehensive green lights, and one of E is imitated Fruit is, in Z, under the guide of K I (11), the J that is travelled on AO (3) unrestrictedly " straight trip by O (1) to OA (6), Or turn right by O (1) to OB (4) ";E includes KII (12), and K II (12) are right-hand rotation green lights, and an E effect is, in Z, Under the guide of K II (12), the J travelled on BO (9) unrestrictedly turns right by O (1) to OD (2);E includes KIII (13), KIII (13) is comprehensive green light, and an E effect is, in Z, under the guide of KIII (13), is travelled on DO (7) J unrestrictedly " straight trip is by O (1) to OD (2), or turns right by O (1) to OC (8) ";E includes KIV (14), KIV (14) it is right-hand rotation green light, an E effect is, in Z, under the guide of KIV (14), the J travelled on CO (7) is unrestrictedly Turn right by O (1) to OA (6).
As Fig. 1, J are started running on car lane AO (3), i.e., described XO is AO (3);J started running on AO (3) to After O (1), I level selection is carried out;- 1 grade of selection of I is, unrestrictedly turns right by O (1) to OB (4), and continue straight trip, Do not turn left, i.e. J is turned right, by way of straight trip described, and unrestrictedly directly turning right passes through O (1);- 2 grades of selections of I are that J is not Limitedly straight trip passes through on O (1) to OA (6).
On the basis of described -2 grades of selections of I, II level selection is carried out;- 1 grade of selection of II is that J continues in OA (6) Upper straight trip, do not turn left, i.e. J is the straight trip by way of O (1), straight trip, and unrestrictedly directly straight trip passes through O (1);The The selection of II-2 levels is that J continues from OA (6) unrestrictedly to turn left to DO (7), and is travelled to O (1).
On the basis of described -2 grades of selections of II, III level selection is carried out;- 1 grade of selection of III is that J is unrestrictedly Turn right by O (1) to OC (8), continuing to keep straight on OC (8), not turning left, i.e. J by the straight trip by O (1), left-hand rotation, Turn right, the mode of straight trip, unrestrictedly turn left to pass through O (1) indirectly;- 2 grades of selections of III, which are that J unrestrictedly keeps straight on, passes through O (1) on OD (2), and continue straight trip, do not turn left, i.e. J by the straight trip by O (1), left-hands rotation, straight trip by O (1), keep straight on Mode, unrestrictedly turn around indirectly by O (1).
Or (two), it is that J passes unimpeded O another situation below:
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, F I are BO (9), and F II are CO (5), and BO (9) preceding trade is OB (4), and CO (5) preceding trade is OC (8), G is " AO (3) and DO (7) ", G ' is " AO (3), OA (6), DO (7), OD (2) ", and E includes " BO (9), OB (4), CO (5)、OC(8)”+“AO(3)、OA(6)、DO(7)、OD(2)”;E includes K I (11), and K I (11) are right-hand rotation green lights, and one of E is imitated Fruit is, in Z, under the guide of the K I (11), the J travelled on AO (3) unrestrictedly turns right by the full OB (4) of O (1); E includes K II (12), and K II (12) are comprehensive green lights, and an E effect is, in Z, under the guide of the K II (12), The J travelled on BO (9) is unrestrictedly " straight trip passes through on O (1) to OB (4), or turns right by O (1) to OD (2) ";E includes KIII (13), KIII (13) are right-hand rotation green lights, and an E effect is, in Z, under the guide of the KIII (13), in DO (7) The J of upper traveling unrestrictedly turns right by O (1) to OC (8);E includes KIV (14), and KIV (14) is comprehensive green light, one of E Effect is, in Z, under the guide of KIV (14), unrestrictedly " straight trip passes through O (1) to OC (8) to the J travelled on CO (5) On, or turn right by O (1) to OA (6) ".
As Fig. 1, J are started running on car lane AO (3), i.e., described XO is AO (3);J started running on AO (3) to After O (1), unrestrictedly turn right by O (1) to OB (4), carrying out the 1st grade of selection;The selection of 1-1 levels is that J continues in OB (4) Upper straight trip, do not turn left, i.e. J is turned right, by way of straight trip described, and unrestrictedly directly turning right passes through O (1);1-2 levels select It is that J continues from OB (4) unrestrictedly to turn left to CO (5), and travels to O (1).
On the basis of 1-2 levels selection, the 2nd grade of selection is carried out;The selection of 2-1 levels is that J unrestrictedly keeps straight on logical Cross on O (1) to OC (8);The selection of 2-2 levels is that J unrestrictedly turns right straight on OA (6) by O (1) to OA (6), continuing Row, do not turn left, i.e. J unrestrictedly keeps straight on by way of the right-hand rotation, left-hand rotation, right-hand rotation, straight trip and pass through O (1) indirectly.
On the basis of 2-1 levels selection, 3rd level selection is carried out;The selection of 3-1 levels is that J continues on OC (8) Straight trip, do not turn left, i.e. J by way of O (1), straight trip, unrestrictedly turns left to pass through indirectly the right-hand rotation, left-hand rotation, straight trip O(1);The selection of 3-2 levels is that J continues from OC (8) unrestrictedly to turn left to BO (9), and is travelled to after O (1), not by Turn right with limiting and pass through on O (1) to OD (2), and continue straight trip, do not turn left, be i.e. J passes through O by the right-hand rotation, left-hand rotation, straight trip (1), turn left, turn right, the mode of straight trip, unrestrictedly turning around indirectly by O (1).
More than (one) or (two), when being " XO is AO (3) ", J passes unimpeded O (1) specific situation;Similarly, when " XO is CO (5) " Or when " XO is DO (7) " or " XO is BO (9) ", J passes unimpeded O (1).
It should be noted that appointing in 1, OD (2), AO (3), OB (4), CO (5), OA (6), DO (7), OC (8), BO (9) One kind, there is the track more than one;If only one track, without outer track, point of inside lane.2, (two) In, it is assumed that G ' is AO (3), then before J when " directly straight trip or directly turn left " on AO (3) is by O (1), meeting with BO (9) directly Level-crossing occurs for capable motor vehicle, i.e. although G is unidirectional car lane, but still can occur the level-crossing, and uses J " straight trip or indirectly left-hand rotation indirectly " of the present invention passes through the method for O (1), it becomes possible to avoids the level-crossing;Similarly, it is false If G ' is DO (7), former J is when " directly straight trip or directly left-hand rotation " is by O (1) on DO (7), meeting and the machine kept straight on CO (5) Level-crossing occurs for motor-car, and uses J of the present invention " keep straight on or turn left indirectly indirectly " to be avoided by the method for O (1) The level-crossing;In (one) ..., similarly.
Example 2, in Fig. 3, the traffic lights K is not shown;Such as Fig. 3, Fig. 4, Fig. 5, F I are BO (9), and F II are CO (5), G is " AO (3) and DO (7) ", and G ' is " AO (3), OA (6), DO (7), OD (2) ".E is included across car lane OC (8), BO (9) Overpass M I (10), M I (10) close on O (1), and DD I are adjacent OC (8), BO (9);M I bridge top N I (11) tools There are legal head room P I, such as P I=d4=5m;M I (1O) have two gentle slope being grounded downwards EEE I (24), FFF I(13);EEE I (24) bottom of slope be located at OC (8), BO (9) side non-maneuver road GGG I (not shown) on, top of the slope and N I (11) one end connects;FFF I (13) bottom of slope be located at OC (8), BO (9) opposite side non-maneuver road HHH I (not shown) On, top of the slope connects with the other end of N I (11);M I (10) effect is to be easy to the non-maneuver gentle slope EEE I from GGG I (24), passed through on N I (11), on lower gentle slope FFF I (13) to HHH I, i.e., across OC (8), BO (9), be easy to J in N I (11) crossed on the BO (9) under, and then contribute to J unrestrictedly " to keep straight on and pass through on O (1) to OB (4), or turn right and pass through O (1) on OD (2), or, the J for being easy to keep straight on from CO (5) is crossed on the OC (8) under N I (11), and then is helped Unrestrictedly kept straight on by O (1) to OC (8) in the J, or, it is easy to then the J that comes upper right from DO (7) under N I (11) OC (8) on cross, and then contribute to the J unrestrictedly to turn right by O (1) to OC (8).
Such as Fig. 4, Fig. 5, M I (10) outside has supporter (26), supporter (27);N I (11) are rectangles, length It is that d1, width are d3.FFF I (13) are rectangles, and length is that d2, width are d3;FFF I (13) top of the slope height is d4.EEE I (24) size is identical with FFF I (13).
Such as Fig. 3, Fig. 6, E includes the overpass M II (14) across car lane OD (2), AO (3), and M II (14) close on O (1), DD II are adjacent OD (2), AO (3);M II (14) bridge top N II (15) have legal head room P II, such as P II=d4=5m;M II (14) have two gentle slope being grounded downwards EEE II (12), FFF II (17);..., M II's (14) Structure (including size) and M I (10) structure (including size) are similarly;M II (14) effect is to be easy to Non-maneuver upper gentle slope EEE II (12), passed through on N II (15), lower gentle slope FFF II (17), i.e., across OD (2), AO (3), just Crossed in J upper right from BO (9) then next on the OD (2) under N II (15), and then it is logical to contribute to the J unrestrictedly to turn right Cross on O (1) to OD (2), or, it is easy to J to be crossed on the AO (3) under N II (15), and then contribute to the J unrestrictedly right Turn by O (1) to OB (4).
Such as Fig. 3, Fig. 7, E includes the overpass MIII (18) across car lane OB (4), CO (5), and MIII (18) closes on O (1), DDIII are adjacent OB (4), CO (5);MIII (18) bridge top NIII (19) has legal head room PIII, such as PIII=d4=5m;MIII (18) has two gentle slope being grounded downwards EEEIII (16), FFFIII (21);..., MIII (18) and M I (10) is similarly.
Such as Fig. 3, Fig. 8, E includes the overpass MIV (22) across car lane OA (6), DO (7), and MIV (22) closes on O (1), DDIV is adjacent OA (6), DO (7);MIV (22) bridge top NIV (23) has legal head room PIV, such as PIV= D4=5m;MIV (22) has two gentle slope being grounded downwards EEEIV (20), FFFIV (25);..., MIV (22) and M II (14) are same Reason.
As Fig. 3, M I (10), M II (14), MIII (18), MIV (22) have been combined into a flat shape as groined type Overpass KKK;KKK bridge top LLL flat shape is three-back-shaped, and LLL is by bridge top N I (11), N II (15), NIII (19), NIV (23) is combined, also, N I (11) one end overlaps with N II (15) one end, N II (15) other end Overlapped with NIII (19) one end, NIII (19) other end overlaps with NIV (23) one end, NIV (23) other end and N I (11) the other end overlaps;It is the middle square having vacant position that this is three-back-shaped.
A KKK effect is:It is easy to non-maneuver go up a slope to after LLL from EEEIII (16):From EEEIV (20) descending, Turn right indirectly and pass through O (1), or pass through O (1) from FFFIII (21) descending, i.e. indirect keep straight on, or from EEE I (24) descending, i.e., Straight trip pass through O (1) indirectly, or from FFFIV (25) descending, i.e., indirect left-hand rotation passes through O (1), or from EEE II (12) descending, i.e., between Connect left-hand rotation and pass through O (1), or from FFF I (13) descending, i.e., turn around indirectly by O (1), i.e. be easy to it is non-maneuver unrestrictedly " Connect right-hand rotation or indirectly straight trip or turn left or turn around indirectly indirectly " by O (1), i.e. contribute to the non-maneuver O that passes unimpeded (1);It is easy to J to exist Crossed under LLL, and then contribute to J to pass unimpeded O (1), for example, after being easy to J to be crossed on the CO (5) under N III (19), it is " straight Row passes through O (1), is crossed on the OC (8) under N I (11), continues to keep straight on OC (8), that is, contribute to J unrestrictedly direct Straight trip passes through O (1), or, right-hand rotation passes through O (1), is crossed on the OA (6) under NIV (23), continues to keep straight on OA (6), Contribute to J unrestrictedly directly to turn right and pass through O (1) ".The non-maneuver O that passes unimpeded (1), refer to non-maneuver unrestrictedly " directly right Turn or turn right indirectly or keep straight on indirectly or turn left or turn around indirectly indirectly " by O (1).
It should be noted that such as Fig. 3, it is assumed that only " N I (11), N II (15) " or " N II (15), NHI (19) " or " NIII (19), NIV (23) " or " NIV (23), N I (11) ", then O (1) has an overpass, and the bridge top of the overpass is L-shaped.Or it is assumed that N I (11), N II (15), NIII (19), NIV (23) outside outwards expand an arch section respectively, Then LLL is middle " circular or subcircular or ellipse " bridge top of having vacant position.Or it is assumed that LLL is the middle rectangle having vacant position Bridge top.Or it is assumed that the middle vacancy that will be somebody's turn to do " three-back-shaped or circular or subcircular or ellipse or rectangle " LLL is filled up or big portion Point fill up, then LLL is that middle have all standing or largely cover that " three-back-shaped or circular or subcircular or ellipse are rectangular Shape " bridge top;The bridge top LLL for having all standing among this or largely covering, available for business (such as setting up a stall), available for the public (such as aunt jumps square dance).
It is assumed that eight gentle slopes are rewritten into:Eight abrupt slopes, or four gentle slopes, four abrupt slopes, or (four are steep on four slopes Slope or four gentle slopes, or two abrupt slopes, two gentle slopes);Wherein, if eight gentle slopes are rewritten into four slopes, four slopes In the bottom of slope on each slope connect with two non-maneuver roads, top of the slope connects with the intersection on two bridge tops;For example, four slopes In a slope be AACC;AACC plan approximate U shape (not shown);AACC replaces EEEIII (16), FFF II (17);Cause For EEEIII (16) connects with the non-maneuver road on the right side of OB (4), and FFF II (17) connect with the non-maneuver road on the right side of AO (3), institute So that two non-maneuver roads of AACC bottom of slope and this connect;AACC top of the slope connects with the intersection on two bridge tops, the coincidence part Divide and refer to the part that the other end of the N II (15) overlaps with NIII (19) one end.
Example 3, such as Fig. 9, Figure 10, Figure 11, the G ' includes AO (4), OD (3);Intersection O ' (7) and O (1) is adjacent, in O (1) back;" AO (4), OD (3) " is between O ' (7) and O (1);Overpass M ' IV (8) close on O ' (7);Overpass M II (2) bridge top N II (5) have the aerial plank road S (6) to extend back;In the first lap-joint (12), S (6) one end and N II (5) middle part overlap joint, in the second lap-joint (15), the middle part of S (6) other end and M ' IV bridge top N ' IV (11) Overlap joint, i.e. S (6) connection N II (5) and N ' IV (11);S (6) has legal head room P ", P "=d3 (such as d3=5m), S (6) width is d1, and length is d2;There is guardrail (16) S (6) both sides, and S (6) is directly supported every one section of suitable distance Support bar (13), S (6) has bottom plate (14).
S (6) effect be easy to it is non-maneuver on S (6) effortlessly, relatively quickly come and go M II (2) and M ' IV (8), also, because N II (5) are under the jurisdiction of bridge top LLL described in example 2, i.e. the non-maneuver LLL and M ' IV (8) that can be come and gone on S (6), That is, non-maneuver no longer need the bridge under M ' IV (8), passed through to O (1), again on a non-maneuver road on the right side of AO (4) Upper bridge is to LLL;And because S (6) has legal head room P ", it is easy to J to be crossed under S (6), i.e. S (6) is not accounted for Use car lane.
Wherein, O ' (7) and O (1) be similarly;M ' IV (8) and M II (2) are similarly;DO (7) described in DO ' (9) and example 2 similarly, O ' A (10) and OA (6) described in example 2 is similarly;Because between O (1) and O ' (7), OD (3) and DO ' (9) is same car lane, AO (4) and O ' A (10) are same car lanes, so, by this two car lanes, collectively referred to as AO (4), OD in this example (3), for example, S (6) is in the overhead in " track between AO (4) and OD (3) ".
Example 4, such as Figure 12, the F I are BO (9), and the CC I are OB (4), and the F II are CO (5), and the CC II are OC (8), E include non-maneuver road MMM (10) between CO (5) and OB (4) and non-between BO (9) and OC (8) Motor-driven road NNN (11);The AA is MMM (10), and the BB is NNN (11);MMM (10), NNN (11) connect in O (1);MMM (10), NNN (11) effect is to be easy to non-maneuver on MMM (10), and straight trip is by O (1) to NNN (11), Jin Eryou Help J on CO (5) and on the non-maneuverable right side, unrestrictedly " straight trip is by O (1) to OC (8), or turns right and pass through O (1) on OA (6), or, it is easy to non-maneuver on NNN (11), straight trip contributes to J to exist by O (1) to MMM (10) On BO (9) and on the non-maneuverable right side, unrestrictedly " straight trip is by O (1) to OB (4), or turns right and pass through O (1) to OD (2) on.DO (7) and OA (6) is adjacent, and AO (3) and OD (2) is adjacent;MMM (10), NNN (11) width are d1.
In addition, on the basis of example 2, " MMM (10) and/or NNN (11) ", the KKK have intercommunication for non-maneuver Effect.For example, MMM (10) has " abrupt slope or gentle slope " mutually to be overlapped with the bridge top NIII (19), then it is non-maneuver can be from MMM (10) On, by bridge on " abrupt slope or the gentle slope " to NIII (19), passed through on the bridge top LLL of the KKK, lower bridge a to motor vehicle Bridge is gone up on non-maneuver road on the right side of road, or on the non-maneuver non-maneuver road on the right side of a car lane, on the LLL of the bridge top Pass through, pass through bridge under " abrupt slope or the gentle slope " to MMM (10 on NIII (19).
In addition, on the basis of example 3, " MMM (10) and/or NNN (11) ", the aerial plank road S (6) for non-maneuver, Effect with intercommunication.For example, MMM (10) has " abrupt slope or gentle slope " mutually to be overlapped with bridge top NIII (19) described in example 2, then it is non-maneuver It can be passed through from MMM (10) by bridge on " abrupt slope or the gentle slope " to NIII (19), on the bridge top LLL to the aerial stack On road S (6), or it is non-maneuver passed through from the aerial plank road S (6) to the LLL of bridge top, on the LLL of bridge top pass through, in the NIII (19) by bridge under " abrupt slope or the gentle slope " to MMM (10) on.
Example 5, such as Figure 13, Figure 14, Figure 15, car lane OD, AO, OB, CO, OA, DO are eliminated in Figure 13;E includes crossing Car lane OC (6), BO (7) pedestrian tunnel Q (2), Q (2) close on O (1), and the EE is adjacent OC (6), BO (7);Q's Tunnel-hole R bottom (11) has legal overhead height P ', P '=d1 (for example, d1=2.6m);Q (2) has two to connect upwards Ground, abrupt slope PPP (4), the RRR (9) with method grade;PPP (4) top of the slope and OC (6), the non-maneuver road of BO (7) side SSS (10) connects, and bottom of slope is connected with one end of R bottom (11);RRR (9) top of the slope and OC (6), BO (7) opposite side Non-maneuver road TTT (12) connects, and bottom of slope is connected with the other end of R bottom (11);Q (2) effect is to be easy to non-machine It is dynamic to be passed through from SSS (10) by PPP (4) descending, into a R aperture R I (5), on R bottom (11), leave R's Another aperture R II (8), gone up a slope on non-maneuver road TTT (12) by RRR (9), i.e. horizontal in OC (6), BO (7) underground OC (6), BO (7) are worn, and then contributes to J to be crossed on " OC (6), the BO (7) " on R (3), be i.e. unrestrictedly " straight trip is right by J Turn " pass through O (1);On the ground (13) of " OC (6), BO (7) " on R (3), the width of " OC (6), BO (7) " is less than the ground (13) width.
Abrupt slope PPP (4) width is d2, and length is d3;The overhead height of R bottom (11) is d1;PPP (4) gradient It is related to the d1.Abrupt slope RRR (9) width, length, the gradient are identical with PPP (4);Tunnel-hole R (3) width is d2, length It is d4.
Such as Figure 13, the plan of R bottom (11) is rectangle;It is assumed that pedestrian tunnel Q has two or more pedestrian tunnel group Conjunction forms, also, the plan of the Tunnel-hole R of the Q combined bottom is not the rectangle, then Tunnel-hole R bottom The flat shape in portion refers to flat shape described in example 2 as " L-shaped is three-back-shaped or circular or subcircular or ellipse or rectangular Shape " bridge top LLL.
Example 6, such as Figure 16, Figure 18, Figure 19, E includes being located at " the longitudinal direction of OB (3) section GG I top outside O Viaduct U I (7), the F I are BO (19), and the FF I are OB (3);U I (7) bridge top V I (8) have legal headroom Height W I, W I=d4 (such as d4=2.6m);U I (7) indulge across GG I, U I (7) rear end connection OB in GG I top (3) the relatively forward horizontal line KK I (10) on the horizontal line HH I (5) relatively rearward on, front end connection OB (3), i.e. GG I Between HH I (5) and KK I (10), the top of U I (7) this sections between HH I (5) and KK I (10).U I (7) width Degree is d1;V I (8) length is d2;The length of U I (7) up gradient is d3, length and the U I (7) of U I (7) gug Up gradient length it is identical (=d3);U I (7) up gradient, the gradient of gug are related to the d4;U I have on the outside of (7) Supporter (22), supporter (23).
Such as Figure 16, Figure 20, Figure 21, E includes being located at " standing the longitudinal direction of CO (17) section GG II top outside O Bridge U II (13) are handed over, the F II are CO (17);U II (13) bridge top V II (14) have legal head room W II, W II=d4 (such as d4=2.6m);U II (13) indulge across GG II, U II (13) rear end connection CO (17) in GG II top On horizontal line HH II (11) relatively rearward, the relatively forward horizontal line KK II (15) in front end connection CO (17), i.e. GG II is between HH II (11) and KK II (15), the top of U II (13) this sections between HH II (11) and KK II (15): HH II (11), KK I (10) are on a horizontal line, and KK II (15), HH I (5) are on another horizontal line;In V II (14) and V There is hard connecting portion (9) between I (8), the connecting portion (9) makes V II (14) connect with V I (8).U II (13) width is d1; V II (14) length is d2;The length of U II (13) gug is d3, length and the U II of U II (13) up gradient (13) length of gug is identical (=d3);U II (13) up gradient, the gradient of gug are related to the d4:U II(13) Inner side have supporter (24), supporter (25).In fact, GG II are concordant with GG I, all at " HH II (11), KK I (10) " Between " KK II (15), HH I (5) ".
Such as Figure 16, Figure 17, there is neutral gear between U II (13) and U I (7), be i.e. have between U II (13) and U I (7) non-maneuver Road XXX (16) a part of XYZ (6);XXX (16) in the inner side of " O (1) with V I (8) front end " this section, meanwhile, XXX (16) is in the inner side of " V II (14) rear end and O (1) " this section;XYZ (6) part (20) is located at " U I's Between the lower section of the inner side of up gradient " and " lower section of the inner side of U II gug ", XYZ (6) another part (21) is located at Between " underface of V I (8) inside edge " and " underface of V II (14) inside edge ".
In fig. 17, another part (21) of the XYZ shows as dotted line, is to illustrate:In figure 16, the another part (21) blocked by the hard connecting portion (9) of " between V II and V I " above it.
XXX (16) is exactly the whole of the non-maneuver road AA, i.e. E includes the preceding trade OB with BO (19) positioned at CO (17) (3) the non-maneuver road XXX (16) between and the non-maneuver road between BO (19) and CO (17) preceding trade OC (18) BB, the F II are CO (17), and the F I are BO (19), and the FF I are OB (3), and the AA is XXX (16), the FF II It is OC (18), XXX (16), BB connect in O (1).
U I (7), U II (13) to a non-maneuverable effect be easy to it is non-maneuver do not keep straight on by O (1), but from OB (3) on the non-maneuver road LL I (4) on right side, under V I (8), left under V I (8), that is, cross OB (3) to OB (3) on the non-maneuver road XXX (16) (i.e. described AA) of inner side, selected:The first selection is to continue to keep straight on, into V Under II (14), left under V II (14), i.e., cross the non-maneuver road MM II (12) in CO (17) to CO (17) outside again It is upper ...;Second of selection is to turn left, and is kept straight on XXX (16) by O (1) to the non-maneuver road BB ...;Or just Do not kept straight on by O (1) in non-maneuver, but from the non-maneuver road MM II (12) in CO (17) outside, into V II (14) it Under, leave under V II (14), that is, on the non-maneuver road XXX (16) for the inner side for crossing CO (17) to CO (17), selected: The first selection is to continue to keep straight on, and under V I (8), is left under V I (8), i.e., crosses OB's (3) to OB (3) again On the non-maneuver road LL I (4) in outside ...;Second of selection is to turn right, and straight trip is extremely described non-by O (1) on XXX (16) On motor-driven road BB ....
U I (7), U II (13) be to a J effect, and then contributes to J " to be kept straight on since on BO (19), or from AO (2) start to turn right " by O (1) to OB (3), then from bridge on HH I (5) to V I (8), selected:The first selection It is, because V II (14) connect with V I (8), J turns left to V II (14) on V I (8), left again on V II (14) Turn, lower bridge to KK II (15), continue to keep straight on ..., i.e., unrestrictedly " indirectly turn left or turn around or keep straight on indirectly indirectly " passes through O (1);Second of selection is that J keeps straight on V I (8), lower bridge to KK I (10), continues to keep straight on ..., i.e., unrestrictedly " directly straight Row is directly turned right " pass through O (1);Or and then contribute to J from bridge on HH II (11) to V II (14), in V II (14) Upper straight trip, lower bridge to KK II (15), continue straight trip to O (1), " straight trip is turned right " and pass through O (1).It should be noted that when J is During the longer vehicle of bus equal length, the J can from OB (3) outer track upper bridge to V I (8), turn left to V II (14), Turn left again ....
It should be noted that:
1st, such as Figure 16, Figure 17, it is assumed that the non-maneuver road AA continues to extend toward " going far gradually with O (1) " direction, then XXX (16) is not the whole of the non-maneuver road AA, but a part of the non-maneuver road AA.
2nd, no non-maneuver road XXX (16) is assumed, i.e. U I (7), U II do not have the gap between (13), then the U I (7), U II (13) are to non-maneuverable effect:Be easy on the non-maneuver LL I (4) from OB (3) right side, into V I (8) it Under, leave, entered back under V II (14) under V I (8), left under V II (14), to the MM on CO (17) right side On II (12) ...;Or it is easy to non-maneuver from MM II (12), under V II (14), left under V II (14), Enter back under V I (8), left under V I (8), to LL I (4) ...;Since without the gap, V II (14) and V I (8) connects naturally, it is not necessary to the hard connecting portion (9) between the V II (14) and V I (8), so, the U very close to each other I (7), U II (13) are to a J effect, with the U I (7) for having gap, U II (13) to a J effect, basic phase Together.
3rd, the outside of the V I (8) can expand arch section laterally, be below the arch section OB (3) outside The non-maneuver road LL I (4) of side, it is therefore an objective to expand radius of turn, in order to which the longer vehicle such as bus turns left in the V I (8).
4th, E includes being located at " longitudinal overpass U " I ", the F I of OC (18) section GG ' I top outside O It is CO (17), the FF I are OC (18);U " I bridge top V " I has legal head room W " I, such as W " I=2.6m;U″I It is vertical across GG ' I ... in GG ' I top.E includes being located at " standing the longitudinal direction of BO (19) section GG ' II top outside O It is BO (19) to hand over bridge U " II, the F II;U " II bridge top V " II has legal head room W " II, such as W " II= 2.6m;U " II are vertical across GG ' II in GG ' II top;V " II and V " I connects;There are interval, i.e. U " II and U " I between U " II and U " I Between have a non-maneuver road XXX " part, non-maneuver road XXX " is exactly the non-maneuver road BB;..., U " I, U " II are to non-machine Dynamic, J effect, with the U I (7), U II (13) to non-maneuver, J effect, similarly.
Example 7, such as Figure 22, Figure 24, Figure 25, E includes being located at " the longitudinal direction of OB (4) section GG I lower section outside O Tunnel U ' I (7), the F I are BO (19), and the FF I are OB (3);U ' I Tunnel-hole V ' I (8) bottom has legal Overhead height W ' I, W ' I=d4 (such as d4=4.8m);U ' I (7) are indulged in GG I lower section and are worn GG I, U ' I (7) rear end connection Horizontal line HH I (5), front end connection horizontal line KK I (10);U ' I (7) width is d1;V ' I (8) length is d2;U ' I's (7) is upper Ramp, the length of gug are d3 respectively, and the gradient is related to the d4.
Such as Figure 22, Figure 26, Figure 27, E includes the tunnel U ' for being located at a section GG II of the CO (17) outside O lower section II (13), the F II are CO (17);U ' II Tunnel-hole V ' II (14) bottom has legal overhead height W ' II, W ' II =W ' I=d4 (such as d4=5m);U ' II (13) are indulged in GG II lower section and are worn GG II, U ' II (13) rear end connection horizontal line HH II (11), front end connection horizontal line KK II (15);There are underground connecting portion (9), the connecting portion between V ' II (14) and V ' I (8) (9) V ' II (14) are made to connect with V ' I (8).U ' II (13) width is d1;V ' II (14) length is d2;Under U ' II (13) Ramp, the length of up gradient are d3 respectively, and the gradient is related to the d4.
Such as Figure 24, there is ground (22) above V ' I;Such as Figure 26, there is ground (23) above V ' II.
Such as Figure 22, Figure 23, a part for non-maneuver road XXX ' (16) is ZYX (6);A ZYX part (20) is located at " U ' I (7) between the top of the inner side of gug " and " top of the inner side of U ' II (13) up gradient ";ZYX another part (21) on the ground of the top of underground connecting portion (9);XXX ' (16) is exactly the whole of the non-maneuver road AA.“U′I、U′II” Respectively to a non-maneuverable effect and " U ' I, U ' II " are to a J effect, reference example 6.Car lane OC (18), AO (2) J is participated in pass unimpeded O (1).
Example 8, such as Figure 28, Figure 29, Figure 30, CO (19) and OB (3) form two-way car lane PP I, and the F II are CO (19), the F I are BO (21), and BO (21) preceding trade NN I are OB (3);E include be located at O (1) outside across PP I's Viaduct Y I (15);Y I (15) across PP I, refer to Y I bridge top X I (8) PP I section QQ overhead across QQ;X I (8) have certain head room RR I, certain width S S I, such as RRI=d1=4.8m, such as SS I are more than Equal to one track;Y I up gradient TT I (5) bottom of slope and horizontal line UU (4) phase relatively rearward on OB (3) outer track Connect, top of the slope connects with X I first end (7);Y I gug VVI (17) top of the slope connects with X I the second end (16), slope Bottom connects with the relatively forward horizontal line WW (18) on CO (19);Y I (15) also have a gug AAA I (10), AAA I (10) top of the slope connects with X I the 3rd end (9), bottom of slope and relatively forward horizontal line BBB (11) phase on OB (3) outer track Connect;Y I (15) also have a up gradient CCC I (13), and CCC I (13) top of the slope connects with X I the 4th end (14), bottom of slope with Horizontal line DDD (12) relatively rearward on CO (19) outer track connects.
Y I (15) effect is to contribute to J to start after unrestrictedly " keeping straight on or turn right " by O (1), the 1st kind Selection is travelled to the inside lane of OB (3), and X I (8) are crossed under X I (8), continues to keep straight on OB (3), i.e., not by Limit ground " directly straight trip or directly right-hand rotation " passes through O (1);2nd kind of selection is travelled to horizontal line UU (4) place, from bridge on TT I (5) To X I (8);The selection of 2-1 kinds is to turn left on X I (8), turn left again, to WW (18), continue to keep straight on from bridge under VV I (17) To O (1) ..., i.e., unrestrictedly " turn left indirectly or turn around or keep straight on indirectly indirectly " by O (1);The selection of 2-2 kinds is, in X I keeps straight on (8), from bridge under AAA I (10) to BBB (11), continues to keep straight on, i.e., unrestrictedly " directly straight trip or directly right-hand rotation " is logical Cross O (1).
Y I (15) another effect is to contribute to J " to travel to the inside lane of CO (19), crossed under X I (8) X I (8) " " travel the horizontal line DDD (12) relatively rearward to CO (19) outer track, from bridge on CCC I (13) to X I (8), from bridge under VV I (17) to horizontal line WW (18) " after, continue straight trip to O (1) ..., i.e., unrestrictedly " straight trip is turned right " Pass through O (1).
It should be noted that:
1st, X I (8) underface, it is exactly the section QQ in Figure 28.
2nd, up gradient TT I (5), gug VV I (17), gug AAA I (10), up gradient CCC I (13) the gradient, Length, width are identical;Because X I (8) head room is d1, the gradient in four ramps has determined that;Four ramps Length be d2 respectively, width is d4 respectively;In Figure 28, Tu29Zhong, in order to facilitate accompanying drawing, TT I (5), VV I (17) diagram Length, the diagram gradient, differed with AAA I (10), CCC I (13) diagram length, the diagram gradient, but physical length, reality The gradient is identical.X I (8) length is d3, and width is d5.
3rd, the outer track on OB (3), one above track in the outer part on OB (3) is referred to;Inside lane on OB (3), it is Refer to one above track in the inner part on OB (3);Outer track on CO (19), refer to one on CO (19) in the outer part to get on the bus Road;Inside lane on CO (19), refer to one above track in the inner part on CO (19).
4th, in fact, X I (8) have the load bearing wall of four longitudinal directions;In Figure 28, in order to facilitate accompanying drawing, merely illustrate X I's The load bearing wall (6) of one longitudinal direction, the load bearing wall of the other three longitudinal direction only respectively illustrate the both sides of each load bearing wall.
5th, it is assumed that being straight line between X I the 3rd end (9) and the 4th end (14), i.e. X I the 3rd end (9) and the 4th end (14) it is not the camber line of diagram between.
6th, it is assumed that the rectangle between X I first end (7) and the 3rd end (9) expand laterally one it is hanging Arch section, i.e. the overhead in non-maneuver road of the arch section on the right side of car lane;Purpose is to expand radius of turn, be easy to The longer vehicle such as bus turns left on X I (8);Certainly, the head room of the arch section must assure that it is non-maneuver can be Passed through under the arch section.
7th, AAA I (10) effect:It is assumed that J is turned right from AO (2) after passing through O (1), on OB (3) outer track Lane change and crosses X I (8) under X I (8), continues to keep straight on, i.e. if J is direct by this way to the inside lane of OB (3) Turn right and pass through O (1), can be with " intending the straight trip from BO (21) and passing through O (1), traveling, a left side on X I (8) on up gradient TT I (5) The motor vehicle turn, to turn left again " is given another the right of way on OB (3);So J is so that " not lane change is to OB's (3) on OB (3) outer track On inside lane, but sail to UU (4), from bridge on TT I (5), kept straight on XI (8), from bridge under AAA I (10) to BBB (11) " It is to avoid this to give another the right of way that this mode, which is directly turned right by the advantages of O (1),.
8th, it is assumed that original viaduct Y I only include up gradient TT I, gug VV I, not including gug AAA I, on Ramp CCC I, also, Y I bridge top V I head room is 4.8m;For the needs of urban landscape, or in order to avoid X I The daylighting of roadside buildings is blocked, it is necessary to which X I head room is adjusted into 2.6 meters, then (such as the public transport of the higher vehicle of height Car) X I can not be crossed under X I;Therefore, the measure taken is, on the basis of the Y I, set up gug AAA I, on Ramp CCC I;The AAA I set up, a CCC I effect are that bridge is to X I from TT I for the higher vehicle of the height, in X Kept straight on I, from bridge under AAA I, continue to keep straight on ..., i.e., unrestrictedly " directly kept straight on or directly turn right " by intersection O, Or the higher vehicle of height is kept straight on from bridge CCC I on to X I on X I, from bridge under VV I, continue to keep straight on to O ..., i.e., not Limitedly " straight trip is turned right " passes through O.
Example 9, such as Figure 31, Figure 32, it is CO (12) that CO (12) and OB (3), which form two-way car lane PP I, the F II, The F I are BO (14), and BO (14) preceding trade NN I are OB (3);E also includes being located at the grade separation for crossing PPI outside O (1) Tunnel Y II (9);Y II (9) cross QQ, refer to that Y II (9) Tunnel-hole crosses QQ below QQ;Y II (9) Tunnel-hole Bottom X II (7) there is certain overhead height RR II, certain width S S II;For example, d1 is Y II gug TT II (5) top of the slope height, then d1=5.6m, RR II=4.8m;Such as SS II are more than or equal to one track;TT II (5) slope Top connects with the horizontal line UU (4) on OB (3) outer track, and bottom of slope connects with X II first end (6);Y II up gradient VV II (10) bottom of slope connects with X II the second end (8), and top of the slope connects with the horizontal line WW (11) on CO (12);The one of Y II (9) Individual effect is to contribute to J to start after unrestrictedly " keeping straight on or turn right " by O (1), and the 1st kind of selection is travelled to OB (3) Inside lane on, across the Tunnel-hole of the Y II (9) on the OB (3) on the ground on the Tunnel-hole of the Y II (9), continue Kept straight on OB (3), i.e., unrestrictedly " directly keeping straight on or directly turn right " passes through O (1);2nd kind of selection is travelled to UU (4), After from TT II (5) to downward driving to X II (7), turn left on X II (7), turn left again, travelled upwards to WW from VV II (10) (11), continue straight trip to O (1) ..., i.e., unrestrictedly " turn left indirectly or turn around or keep straight on indirectly indirectly " by O (1).
Example 10, with reference to figure 28, Figure 29, Figure 30, BO (21) and OC (20) form two-way car lane PP I, the F II It is BO (21), the F I are CO (19), and CO (19) preceding trade NN I are OC (20);E include be located at O (1) outside across PP I viaduct Y ' I;..., viaduct Y ' I and Y I (15) described in example 8 are similarly.
Example 11, with reference to figure 31, Figure 32, BO (14) and OC (13) form two-way car lane PP I, and the F II are BO (14), the F I are CO (12), and CO (12) preceding trade NN I are OC (13);E, which includes being located at outside O (1), crosses PP I's Grade separation tunnel Y ' II;..., grade separation tunnel Y ' II and Y II (9) described in example 9 are similarly.
Example 12, on the basis of example 8, there is non-maneuver road UUU between CO (19) and OB (3), in BO (21) and OC (20) Between have non-maneuver road VVV, i.e. E include positioned at F II and F I preceding trade CC I between non-maneuver road AA and positioned at F Non-maneuver road BB between I and F II preceding trade CC II;The F I are BO (21), and the CC I are OB (3), the F II It is CO (19), the AA is UUU, and the CC II are OC (20), and the BB is VVV;UUU, VVV connect in O (1);Also, UUU X I (8) are crossed under X I (8), VVV crosses X ' I ... under the bridge top X ' I of viaduct Y ' I described in example 10.
Example 13, example 6 and example 8 are combined, form one group of synthesis viaduct.(1) the bridge top X I of viaduct Y I described in example 8 Head room be 4.8m;The bridge top V I of viaduct U I described in example 6, U II bridge top V II head room are 2.6m, and And a section GG Is of the U I between bridge top X I described in intersection O (1) and example 8 top, U II are in intersection O (1) top of a section GG II between bridge top X I described in example 8;GG II are concordant with GG I;(2) with reference to figure 16, U I Up gradient since horizontal line HH I, U II gug terminates to horizontal line KK II, also, " horizontal line HH I, horizontal line KK II " The distance between O (1) is very short, the distance grown not as illustrated in Figure 16;(3) with reference to figure 28, before up gradient TT I Half section since horizontal line HH I, to bridge top V I on terminate;Gug VV I second half section is since bridge top V II, to horizontal stroke Line KK II terminate;That is, the up gradient of TT I front half section and U I is same car lane, and VV I second half section is with U II's Gug is same car lane;(4) TT I second half section since the outer track on the synthesis viaduct, to bridge top X I First end terminate, VV I front half section since bridge top X I the second end, to bridge top V II on outer track terminate;(5)V I gug just terminates close under the X I of bridge top since the inside lane on V I;The starting point of V II up gradient is from X I Under it is close, to V II on inside lane terminate;(6) between U I and U II, there is non-maneuver road XXX described in example 6;(7) this is comprehensive The effect that viaduct possesses U I, U II described in example 6 is closed, is also equipped with the effect of Y I described in example 8, it is often more important that, there is this comprehensive Viaduct is closed, motor vehicle J is not " in V I left-hand rotations, turning left again on V II " ..., but it is preferred that left on Y I bridge top X I Turn, turn left again, i.e., unrestrictedly " turn left indirectly or turn around or keep straight on indirectly indirectly " by O (1).
It is the explanation on above-mentioned technical proposal and embodiment below.
It is that " during F I or F II ", DO is " F II or F I " on AO;Refer to:When AO is F I, DO is F II, or, AO When being F II, DO is F I.Similarly, BO is that " F I or F II ", CO are that " F II or F I " refer to:BO is F I, and CO is F II, or Person, BO are F II, and CO is F I.
On non-motor vehicle;For example, bicycle, electric bicycle, motorcycle, tricycle, Miniature electric fourth wheel car.On " bicycle lane and pavement ";It is equivalent to mixing pavement.
On " bicycle lane and/or pavement " AA, BB;In fact, AA, BB are three-dimensional, because AA connections are three-dimensional Facility YYY, BB connection stereo facility YYY ';YYY be overpass, have legal head room, in F II overhead across F II, or YYY are pedestrian tunnels, F II are crossed below F II, and the bottom in the tunnel has certain overhead height;YYY ' is Overpass, have legal head room, F II preceding trade CC II overhead across CC II, or YYY ' is people's row tunnel Road, CC II are crossed below CC II, the bottom in the tunnel has certain overhead height.Wherein, when YYY, YYY ' do not face During nearly intersection O, YYY, a YYY ' effect are to be easy to " the non-machine of " non-motor vehicle and/or pedestrian " from F II right side Motor-car road and/or pavement " AA ', by YYY traverse or cross F II, to AA, then keep straight on by O to BB, to YYY's ' After below or above, " continue to keep straight on BB, or ' the non-machine by YYY ' traverse or cross CC II to CC II right side Motor-car road and/or pavement ' BB ' on ";Such as YYY is the overpass M, or YYY is the pedestrian tunnel Q, such as YYY ' It is the overpass M, or YYY ' is the pedestrian tunnel Q;It should be noted that overpass YYY, YYY ' can distinguish It is rectangle overpass described in example 2.
On first direction, second direction;For example, North and South direction is first direction, east-west direction is second direction, or south To being second direction, east-west direction is first direction in the north.
On the motor vehicle travelled on F, G;The motor vehicle travelled on F and the motor vehicle travelled on G, in crossroad Mouth O does not have level-crossing, and without crossings on different level, (crossings on different level refers to that there is grade separation traditional, for motor vehicle intersection Bridge or grade separation tunnel);It is emphasized that for example, motor vehicle from the upper right outer tracks for going to OB of AO, then is given another the right of way to OB On track, the level-crossing is not belonging to.
On the newly-built and specific track E of setting;For example, old car lane is widened, belong to newly-built, also, be old Car lane sets up the traffic lights K, then belongs to setting.
On determining F, G mark;In addition to the traffic lights K, the mark can be traffic sign, for example, Car lane AO belongs to F, then when having 150 meters remote apart from intersection O, there is eye-catching traffic sign above AO;The friendship Logical mark reminds automobile driver, it is necessary to which the motor vehicle kept straight on by O, asks advance lane change to AO inside lane.
On " mark for determining F, G is in O top ".For example, overpass M closes on O, and determine that F, G's is red Green light is on M, i.e., the traffic lights are in O oblique upper;Because M closes on O, so, the traffic lights are the equal of in O top.
Spacing problem on motor vehicle;The of the invention preferred spacing for keeping safety, give another the right of way or become to be advantageous to motor vehicle Road.
On motor vehicle right lateral or left lateral;Some countries, motor vehicle are left lateral, such as Britain;It is some country or Area, motor vehicle are right laterals, such as China, so, the present invention is according to motor vehicle right lateral, come what is be described;Require emphasis , when the present invention is applied to the country of motor vehicle left lateral, it is necessary to according to motor vehicle left lateral, to the corresponding of the present invention Part carries out whole, necessary modifications;A for example, corresponding portion in the country of motor vehicle left lateral, the present invention Dividing be changed to:In Z, the motor vehicle that is travelled on F can unrestrictedly keep straight on the motor vehicle by O, travelled on G can not Straight trip passes through O, but unrestrictedly can first turn by O, rear right-hand rotation.
On bus;Because the length of bus is longer, be inconvenient to carry out on existing track described in " turn left indirectly or Turn around or keep straight on indirectly indirectly " by O, so, during with the present invention, it is contemplated that:1, only all the way bus corresponding On one direction lane, directly straight trip passes through any one in several intersections, does not turn right by several intersections In any one;2, for only another way bus on corresponding second direction track, straight trip indirectly passes through several intersections Any one (first step that " should be kept straight on indirectly " is to turn right ...) in crossing.For example, there is two articles of north-souths track (in certain urban district One direction lane), two East and West direction tracks (second direction track), two north-souths track and two East and West direction tracks are in length and breadth Staggeredly, there are four intersections, it is contemplated that:(1) any one bus J in first via bus is in first north-south track On, directly keep straight on pass through first intersection, second intersection respectively, any one bus in No. second bus J is on the track of Article 2 north-south, and directly straight trip passes through the 3rd intersection, the 4th intersection respectively;(2) the 3rd tunnels Any one bus J in bus is on first East and West direction track, and straight trip passes through the 3rd intersection, the indirectly respectively One intersection, any one bus J in No. fourth bus is on Article 2 East and West direction track, and straight trip is logical indirectly respectively Cross the 4th intersection, second intersection;(3), in traffic peak period, the headway of every bus all the way It is shorter, such as five minutes;(4) most of passengers need " cross type " transfer once, e.g., first to multiply the public transport on the track of north-south Car, bus on East and West direction track is changed to again, or first multiply bus on East and West direction track, change to again on the track of north-south Bus, arrive at.

Claims (10)

  1. Turning to left after 1. a kind of motor vehicle is kept straight in intersection or first turned right, it comprises the following steps:
    (1) in the past, the motor vehicle travelled in one direction on car lane and the machine travelled on another yaw maneuver track Motor-car is in intersection O level-crossings, present regulation:One yaw maneuver track is first direction car lane F, and this is another Individual yaw maneuver track is second direction car lane G, " in daily in relatively-stationary period Z ", the machine travelled on F The motor-car motor vehicle by O, travelled on G that can unrestrictedly keep straight on can not keep straight on by O, but it is logical unrestrictedly first to turn right Cross O, rear left-hand rotation;F includes F I, F II, and F I and F II are reverse;Z is more than or equal to five minutes;
    (2) any one motor vehicle J is started running on car lane XO;
    (3) XO is AO;When AO is " during F I or F II ", AO be go near gradually, rear the right, the car lane of full width, gradually row is gradually Far, preceding the right, the car lane OA of full width are AO preceding trades, and DO is that " F II or F I ", DO are to go near gradually, be the preceding left side, complete The motor vehicle of width, DO is adjacent with OA, go far gradually, the rear left side, the car lane OD of full width be DO preceding trade, OD and AO phases Neighbour, J start running that unrestrictedly straight trip is by O to OA, " continuing to keep straight on OA, not turning left, i.e., J passes through to O on AO It is described straight trip O, straight trip by way of, unrestrictedly directly straight trip pass through O " or " unrestrictedly turn left on OA to DO, and And traveling is to O, ' J or else limitedly turn right by O to DO interconnections, go far gradually, the left side, full width car lane OC On, J continues to keep straight on OC, not turned left, i.e. J is kept straight on by way of O, left-hand rotation, right-hand rotation, straight trip described, unrestrictedly Turn left to pass through O ' indirectly or ' or else limitedly straight trip passes through on O to OD J, and continues straight trip, do not turn left, i.e. J passes through the straight trip O, left-hand rotation, straight trip by way of O, straight trip, unrestrictedly turn around to pass through O ' indirectly ";
    Or when AO belongs to G, AO be go near gradually, back, the car lane of full width, BO is that " F I or F II ", BO are gradually Asymptotic, the left back side of row, the car lane of full width, go far gradually, right back, the car lane OB of full width be BO preceding trade, CO Be " F II or F I ", CO be go near gradually, right front, the car lane of full width, CO is adjacent with OB, go far gradually, left front side, The car lane OC of full width is CO preceding trade, and OC is adjacent with BO, and J is started running to O on AO, is unrestrictedly first turned right logical Cross O to on the OB of AO interconnections, after unrestrictedly turn left to CO, and travel to O, " or else limitedly straight trip passes through J On O to OC, ' continue on OC keep straight on, do not turn left, i.e. J it is described turn right, turn left, keep straight on by way of O, straight trip, not by Limit ground indirectly turn left pass through O ' or ' AO be after the right car lane, OD be go far gradually, the rear left side, the car lane of full width, OD Adjacent with AO, J continues unrestrictedly to turn left to BO on OC, and travel to after O, unrestrictedly turn right by O to and BO On the OD of interconnection, and continue straight trip, do not turn left, i.e. J by it is described turn right, turn left, straight trip passes through O, left-hand rotation, right-hand rotation, straight Capable mode, unrestrictedly turn around to pass through O ' indirectly " or " or else J limitedly turns right and gone gradually extremely with CO interconnections, gradually by O Far, front, full width car lane OA on, J continue on OA keep straight on, do not turn left, i.e. J by it is described turn right, turn left, turn right, The mode of straight trip, unrestrictedly straight trip passes through O " indirectly;" going near gradually " refers to the motor-driven vehicle going for being gone near gradually with O, " going far gradually " refers to the motor-driven vehicle going for being gone far gradually with O;
    (4) " XO be CO " or " XO be DO " or " when XO is BO ", with the XO be AO similarly;
    (5) J, which unrestrictedly " directly keeps straight on or turns left indirectly or turn around or keep straight on indirectly indirectly ", passes through O.
  2. 2. a kind of specific track, it is characterized in that:According to claim 1, motor vehicle is in intersection straight trip or rear left of first turning right Robin, the newly-built and/or specific track E of setting;E includes intersection O;E includes " F and F preceding trade "+G ', wherein, " F I are BO, F II be CO " or " F I are CO, and F II are BO ", and BO preceding trade is OB, and CO preceding trade is OC, G be " AO and/or DO ", G ' be AO or DO or " AO, DO " or " AO, OA " or " AO, OD " or " DO, OD " or " DO, OA " or " AO, OA, DO " or " DO, OD, AO " or " AO, OA, DO, OD ", or, " F I are AO, and F II are DO " or " F I are DO, and F II are AO ", AO preceding trade OA, DO preceding trade is OD, G be " BO and/or CO ", G ' be BO or CO or " BO, CO " or " BO, OB " or " BO, OC " or " CO, OC " or " CO, OB " or " BO, OB, CO " or " CO, OC, BO " or " BO, OB, CO, OC ";E includes the mark for determining F, G Thing;An E effect is:In Z, the motor vehicle travelled on F can unrestrictedly keep straight on by O, and what is travelled on G is motor-driven Car can not keep straight on by O, but unrestrictedly can first turn right by O, rear left-hand rotation, contribute to J unrestrictedly " directly straight trips or indirect Turn left or turn around or keep straight on indirectly indirectly " pass through O.
  3. 3. specific track according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:The mark for determining F, G, it is in O top, tool There is the traffic lights K of support bar;A K effect is, in Z, K is allowed " any one in AO, CO, DO, BO is motor-driven Unrestrictedly " straight trip is turned right " passes through O green light to the J travelled on track ".
  4. 4. specific track according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:E also include positioned at F II and F I preceding trade CC I it Between " bicycle lane and/or pavement " AA and the " bicycle lane between F I and F II preceding trade CC II And/or pavement " BB, AA, BB connect in O;AA, BB an effect are to be easy to " non-motor vehicle and/or pedestrian " straight on AA Row contributes to J on F II and on the right side of " non-motor vehicle and/or the pedestrian " by O to BB, unrestrictedly " straight trip passes through on O to CC II, or turns right and pass through O ", or, it is easy to " non-motor vehicle and/or pedestrian " straight trip on BB to pass through O To AA, and then contribute to J on F I and on the right side of " non-motor vehicle and/or the pedestrian ", unrestrictedly " straight trip passes through O To CC I, or turn right and pass through O ".
  5. 5. specific track according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:(1) E also includes the overpass across car lane DD M;M bridge top N has legal head room P;A M effect is to be easy to M, lower M on " non-motor vehicle and/or pedestrian ", It is easy to J to be crossed on " in DD or the DD any one " under the N, and then contribute to J unrestrictedly " straight across DD in DD overhead Row is turned right " by O, DD is any one or adjacent two in OD, AO, OB, CO, OA, DO, OC, BO;And/or (2) E is also Pedestrian tunnel Q including crossing car lane EE;Q Tunnel-hole R bottom has legal overhead height P ';A Q effect Fruit is to be easy to " non-motor vehicle and/or pedestrian " to enter Q, go out Q, and EE is crossed in EE underground, be easy to J on the R " in EE or EE Any one " on cross, and then contribute to J unrestrictedly " straight trip or turn right " pass through O;EE be OD, AO, OB, CO, OA, DO, Any one in OC, BO or adjacent two.
  6. 6. specific track according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:M is in O or closes on O, also, the M oriented extensions of bridge top N The aerial plank road S stretched;Intersection O ' is adjacent with O, and overpass M ' is in O ' or closes on O ', S connections N and M ' bridge top N ';S has Legal head room P ", there is guardrail both sides, there is the support bar for directly supporting S or hanging drawing S indirectly every one section of suitable distance;S An effect be, in order to which " non-motor vehicle and/or pedestrian " comes and goes M and M ' on S, and to be easy to J to be crossed under S.
  7. 7. specific track according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:(1) E also includes being located at " the F I preceding trade outside O The longitudinal overpass U I of FF I section GG I top or longitudinal tunnel U ' I " of lower section, U I bridge top V I have Legal head room W I, or U ' I Tunnel-hole V ' I bottom have legal overhead height W ' I;U I are GG I's Across GG I is indulged in top, or U ' I are indulged in GG I lower section and worn GG I;" on U I or U ' I " rear end connection FF I relatively rearward Horizontal line HH I, the relatively forward horizontal line KK I on front end connection FF I, i.e. GG I are between HH I and KK I, and U I are in HH The top of this section between I and KK I, or the lower section of U ' I this sections between HH I and KK I;(2) E also include positioned at O it Outer " the longitudinal overpass U II of F II section GG II top or longitudinal tunnel U ' II " of lower section, U II bridge Top has legal head room W II, or U ' II Tunnel-hole V ' II bottom has legal overhead height W ' II;U II indulges across GG II in F II section GG II top, or U ' II are indulged in GG II lower section and worn GG II;" U II or Relatively forward horizontal line KK on horizontal line HH II relatively rearward on U ' II " rear end connection F II, front end connection F II II, i.e. GG II are between HH II and KK II, the top of U II this sections between HH II and KK II, or U ' II are in HH The lower section of this section between II and KK II;HH II, KK I on a horizontal line, KK II, HH I on another horizontal line, and And at least V II connect with V I, or at least V ' II connect with V ' I;(3) " U I or U ' I " effect be easy to it is " non- Motor vehicle and/or pedestrian " does not keep straight on by O, but from " bicycle lane and/or pavement " the LL I on FF I right side, FF I are crossed " under V I or on V ' I ";(4) " U II or U ' II " effect be easy to " non-motor vehicle and/ Or pedestrian " do not keep straight on by O, but from " bicycle lane and/or pavement " the MM II on F II right side, " V II it Cross F II down or on V ' II ";(5) U I, U II are to a J effect, and then contribute to J to start unrestrictedly " straight trip or turn right " by O to FF I, then from bridge HH I on to V I, " left-hand rotation is on V II on V I, on V II again Turn left, lower bridge to KK II, continue to keep straight on ..., i.e., unrestrictedly ' indirectly turn left or turn around or keep straight on indirectly indirectly ' pass through O " or " kept straight on V I, lower bridge to KK I, continue to keep straight on ..., i.e., unrestrictedly ' directly keeping straight on or directly turn right ' passes through O ", or Person, and then contribute to J bridges from HHII on V II, to be kept straight on V II, lower bridge to KK II, continue straight trip to O, it is unrestricted Ground " straight trip is turned right " passes through O;Or (7) U ' I, U ' II is to a J effect, and then it is unrestrictedly " straight to contribute to J to start Row is turned right " by O to FF I, then from HH I to downward driving to V ' I bottom on, " turn left on V ' I bottom to V ' On II bottom, turn left again on V ' II bottom, traveling to KK II, continues to keep straight on ... upwards, i.e., unrestrictedly ' indirectly Turn left or turn around or keep straight on indirectly indirectly ' pass through O " or " keep straight on, upwards traveling to KK I, continue straight on V ' I bottom OK ..., i.e., unrestrictedly ' directly straight trip or directly turn right ' passes through O ", or, and then contribute to J from HH II to downward driving to On V ' II bottom, kept straight on V ' II bottom, traveling is to KK II upwards, continues straight trip to O, unrestrictedly " straight trip or Turn right " pass through O.
  8. 8. specific track according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:F II and F I preceding trade NN I form two-way machine Motor-car road PP I, E also include being located at outside O " across PP I viaduct Y I or cross PP I grade separation tunnel Y II ";“Y I across PP I " refer to Y I bridge top X I in PP I section QQ overhead across QQ, or " Y II cross PP I " and referred to Y II Tunnel-hole crosses QQ below QQ;X I have certain head room RR I, certain width S S I, or Y II The bottom X II of Tunnel-hole there is certain overhead height RR II, certain width S S II;" Y I up gradient TT I's Bottom of slope, or Y II gug TT II top of the slope " connects with the horizontal line UU on NN I outer track, and TT I top of the slope is with X I's First end connects, or TT II bottom of slope connects with X II first end;Y I gug VV I top of the slope and X I the second end Connect, or Y II up gradient VV II bottom of slope connects with X II the second end, " VV I bottom of slope or VV II top of the slope " and F Horizontal line WW on II connects;" Y I or Y II " effect are to contribute to J to start unrestrictedly " straight trip is turned right " to pass through O Afterwards, the 1st kind of selection is travelled to NN I inside lane, " cross X I under X I, or the Y II Tunnel-hole it On across the Y II Tunnel-hole ", continue to keep straight on NN I, i.e., unrestrictedly " directly straight trip or directly turn right " passes through O;The 2 kinds of selections are travelled to UU, " from bridge on TT I to X I, or from TT II to downward driving to X II " after, in " X I or X II " It is upper turn left, turn left again, " being travelled upwards from bridge under VV I, or from VV II " to WW, continue straight trip to O ..., i.e., unrestrictedly " Connect left-hand rotation or turn around or keep straight on indirectly indirectly " pass through O.
  9. 9. specific track according to claim 8, it is characterised in that:Y I also have a gug AAA I;AAA I top of the slope Connect with the 3rd end of the X I, AAA I bottom of slope connects with the relatively forward horizontal line BBB on NN I outer track;AAA An I effect is the 3rd kind of selection that J is carried out and described 2nd kind selection is parallel, i.e. J is travelled to NN I outer track Horizontal line UU relatively rearward, from bridge on TT I to X I, kept straight on X I, from bridge under AAA I to BBB, continue to keep straight on, i.e., not by Limit ground " directly keep straight on or directly turn right " passes through O.
  10. 10. specific track according to claim 8, it is characterised in that:Y I also have a up gradient CCC I;CCC I slope Bottom connects with the horizontal line DDD relatively rearward on the outer track on F II, and CCC I top of the slope connects with the 4th end of the X I; A CCC I effect be contribute to J " travel to F II inside lane, crossed under X I X I " or " travel to DDD, From bridge on CCC I to X I, from bridge under VV I to F II outer track on relatively forward horizontal line WW " after, continue straight trip extremely O ..., i.e., unrestrictedly " turning right or keep straight on " passes through O.
CN201710396006.9A 2017-05-25 2017-05-25 Turning to left and specific track after a kind of motor vehicle is kept straight in intersection or first turned right Pending CN107419627A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108389400A (en) * 2018-04-25 2018-08-10 沈阳建筑大学 A kind of control method turned left using Through Lane on the right side of intersection
CN108867215A (en) * 2018-09-04 2018-11-23 曾培龙 Grade separation structure and its running method without traffic lights

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108389400A (en) * 2018-04-25 2018-08-10 沈阳建筑大学 A kind of control method turned left using Through Lane on the right side of intersection
CN108389400B (en) * 2018-04-25 2021-02-02 沈阳建筑大学 Control method for utilizing left turn of straight lane on right side of intersection
CN108867215A (en) * 2018-09-04 2018-11-23 曾培龙 Grade separation structure and its running method without traffic lights

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