CN107348555A - Curing method of flue-cured tobacco with high content of water - Google Patents

Curing method of flue-cured tobacco with high content of water Download PDF

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CN107348555A
CN107348555A CN201710622710.1A CN201710622710A CN107348555A CN 107348555 A CN107348555 A CN 107348555A CN 201710622710 A CN201710622710 A CN 201710622710A CN 107348555 A CN107348555 A CN 107348555A
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tobacco
dry
temperature
yellowing
stage
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CN201710622710.1A
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齐永杰
徐文兵
黄忠向
黄聪光
胡建斌
吴峰
李群岭
潘武宁
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广西中烟工业有限责任公司
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Publication of CN107348555A publication Critical patent/CN107348555A/en

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A24TOBACCO; CIGARS; CIGARETTES; SMOKERS' REQUISITES
    • A24BMANUFACTURE OR PREPARATION OF TOBACCO FOR SMOKING OR CHEWING; TOBACCO; SNUFF
    • A24B3/00Preparing tobacco in the factory
    • A24B3/10Roasting or cooling tobacco

Abstract

The invention discloses a curing method of flue-cured tobacco with a high content of water. The method comprises the steps of (1) a yellowing stage, wherein the stage is characterized in that the yellowing speed is improved, and consumption of internal substances is reduced; (2) a color fixing stage, wherein the stage is characterized in that humidity elimination is conducted in advance and reinforced; (3) a stem drying stage, wherein the stage is characterized in that the dry bulb is controlled, and the wet bulb is limited. By means of the method, the risk that the flue-cured tobacco with the high content of water is badly flue-cured is lowered, the curing quality of the type of tobacco is improved, the grade quality of the modulated tobacco is improved, and the earning of a tobacco grower is improved.

Description

一种含水量较高的烤烟型烟叶调制方法 With a moisture content of flue-cured tobacco higher modulation method

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及一种含水量较高的烤烟型烟叶调制方法。 [0001] The present invention relates to a high water content of flue-cured tobacco modulation method.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002]如烤烟成熟期降雨量较大,一般容易产生含水量较高的烟叶;长期阴雨缺乏光照及下二棚部位的烟叶一般含水量较大,也容易产生含水量较高的烟叶。 [0002] The mature stage flue higher rainfall, generally prone to higher moisture content of tobacco; long-term lack of light rain and the two leaf canopy areas generally larger water content is also prone to higher moisture content of tobacco. 但如果烟叶表面浮水较多,其内在含水量并未发生很大的改变,并不属于含水量较高的烟叶。 But if more floating leaf surfaces, its inherent moisture content does not change greatly, not part of the higher water content of tobacco. 含水量较高的烤烟型烟叶一般表现为内在干物质不够充实,调制时易烤糟,造成调制后烟叶使用价值低或无使用价值,影响烟农综合收益。 Higher moisture content flue-cured tobacco is generally dry enough to enrich the inherent performance, easy badly baked modulation, resulting in the modulation of tobacco use low value or no value, affecting farmers comprehensive income.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0003]为避免含水量较高的烤烟型烟叶烤糟而影响烟农综合收益,提升该类型烟叶烘烤质量,本发明提供了一种含水量较高的烤烟型烟叶调制方法,使用该技术能提高该类型烟叶调制质量。 [0003] In order to avoid higher water content of flue-cured tobacco farmers affected badly baked comprehensive income, improve the quality of tobacco leaves type, the present invention provides a higher water content of flue-cured tobacco modulation method, the use of the technology can improve the quality of modulation type of tobacco.

[0004]本方法调制原则:早排湿,快排湿,先拿水后拿色。 [0004] The modulation method of the present principles: early humidity, humidity fast, take the water acquire color.

[0005]本方法调制要点:掌握变黄温度稍高,促进变黄速度加快,减少内含物质消耗;变黄期千湿差适当拉大,排除水分;转火时,烟叶变黄程度应稍低,提前开始慢升温;升温定色阶段大火力排湿,慢升温,45 °C以前烟叶干燥程度应较高。 [0005] The present method of modulating elements: control yellowing slightly higher temperature, to promote accelerated yellowing, reduce the contents are consumed; yellowing appropriate humidity difference of one thousand widening, with exclusion of moisture; fire rpm, the degree of yellowing tobacco should be slightly low, advance slow start warming; heating the fixer stage big firepower humidity and slow temperature, 45 ° C before drying tobacco degree should be higher.

[0006]本方法技术要点:雨后采收烟叶,装烟时,烧小火,确保烤房温度32-34之间;38度发现底层(上升式)叶耳变黄提前拉大干湿差,防止叶基部烤黑;稳温时间要灵活。 [0006] The method of the present techniques: rain harvested leaf, when loading tobacco, burning a small fire, ensuring the temperature between 32-34 barn; found underlayer 38 degrees (increase in the formula) auricles wet advance yellowing widening difference to prevent the leaf base grilled black; temperature stabilization time to be flexible.

[0007] 本发明的方法包括如下步骤: [0007] The method of the present invention comprises the steps of:

[0008] a)变黄阶段:技术要领是加快变黄速度,减少内含物质消耗。 [0008] a) yellowing stage: Technical essentials is to accelerate yellowing speed, reducing consumption of materials containing. 升温速度irv小时, 千球温度37_38°C,保持干湿差2-:rc。 Temperature rise rate irv hours, thousands bulb temperature 37_38 ° C, kept wet and dry difference 2-: rc. 要求底棚烟叶叶片发软,基本变黄。 Requirements bottom shelf tobacco leaves become soft, basic yellow. 到达目标后,以1 °C/3小时的速度升温,干球温度达42 °C,要求底棚烟叶主脉发软,叶片勾尖卷边,顶棚烟叶基本全黄。 After reaching the target, to 1 ° C / 3 hr warming, the dry bulb temperature of 42 ° C, the bottom shelf in claim weak main vein tobacco, leaf curling hook tip, substantially all yellow tobacco ceiling.

[0009] ⑵定色阶段:技术要领是提前排湿、加强排湿。 [0009] ⑵ given color phases: technical essentials in advance Moisture, humidity and strengthened. 以1。 1. (:/2-3小时的速度将干球温度升至48-50°C,底棚烟叶叶脉变黄,一半以上叶片干燥,未达此目标应适当延长烘烤时间,湿球温度控制在37°C,要保证排湿顺畅,进风均匀,使烟叶顺利脱水干燥。在48-50 r温度段达到目标后以2小时升1°C的速度升温至54-55。(:,控制湿球温度在38。(:,使烟叶进一步干燥, 达到叶片全干,近叶尖1/3处主脉干燥,未达到烟叶变化目标,干球温度不超过55r,此阶段湿球温度最高不超过40 °C。 (: / 2-3 hr the dry bulb temperature was raised to 48-50 ° C, bottom shelf tobacco vein yellowing, leaf drying than half, less than this target should be extended baking time, the wet bulb temperature was controlled at 37 ° C, humidity to ensure smooth air intake, thus giving a smooth tobacco dried. after reaching the target temperature rise in 2 hours, 1 ° C rise speed of the temperature to 54-55 at 48-50 r sections. (wet bulb control :, temperature 38. (:, so further dried tobacco leaves, blades reach all dry, nearly 1/3 of the tip main vein dried tobacco does not reach the target changes, 55r dry bulb temperature does not exceed, at this stage the wet bulb temperature not more than 40 ° C.

[0010] (3)干筋阶段:技术要领是控制干球、限制湿球。 [0010] (3) Dry bead stages: technical gist is controlled dry bulb, wet bulb limit. 在保持千球温度不过高,湿球温度不过低的条件下,主要靠时间长短使烟叶实现干筋。 In the cadres bulb temperature it is not too high, not too low wet-bulb temperature conditions remain, mainly by the length of time to achieve the tobacco dry ribs. 以每小时升温pc的速度升到67-68 °C 进行稳温,控制湿球温度在40-4rc之间,给予足够的时间,直到全部烟叶干燥,此阶段干球温度不能超过68°C,湿球温度不能超过43。 Per hour at a rate of temperature increase rises pc for stable 67-68 ° C temperature, wet bulb temperature controlled between 40-4rc, given enough time, until all tobacco drying, dry bulb temperature at this stage should not exceed 68 ° C, wet-bulb temperature not over 43. (:。 (:.

[0011]本发明的有益效果是: LUUI/J 1、陴量较高的烤烟型烟叶烤糟风险。 [0011] Advantageous effects of the invention are: LUUI / J 1, high amount of flue-cured tobacco parapet baked bad risk.

[0013] 2、提高含水量较高的烤烟型烟叶调制质量。 [0013] 2, to improve the moisture content of flue-cured tobacco higher modulation quality.

[0014] 3、提升含水量较高的烤烟型烟叶调制后等级质量,提高烟农收益。 [0014] 3, enhance the level of quality of the higher water content flue-cured tobacco modulation, increase farmers income.

具体实施方式: Detailed ways:

[0015] 实施例1 [0015] Example 1

[0016] (1)变黄阶段:技术要领是加快变黄速度,减少内含物质消耗。 [0016] (1) yellowing stage: Technical essentials is to accelerate yellowing speed, reducing consumption of materials containing. 升温速度rc/小时, 干球温度37_38 °c,保持干湿差2-31。 Temperature rise rate of rc / hour, the dry bulb temperature 37_38 ° c, the difference between wet and dry maintaining 2-31. 要求底棚烟叶叶片发软,基本变黄。 Requirements bottom shelf tobacco leaves become soft, basic yellow. 到达目标后,以1 °C/3小时的速度升温,干球温度达42。 After reaching the target, to 1 ° C / 3 hr warming, the dry bulb temperature of 42. (:,要求底棚烟叶主脉发软,叶片勾尖卷边,顶棚烟叶基本全黄。 (:, Bottom shelf tobacco required main vein weak, the hook blade tip bead, substantially all yellow tobacco ceiling.

[0017] (2)定色阶段:技术要领是提前排湿、加强排湿。 [0017] (2) fixative stages: advance technology essentials Moisture, humidity and strengthened. 以rc/2-3小时的速度将干球温度升至48-50°C,底棚烟叶叶脉变黄,一半以上叶片干燥,未达此目标应适当延长烘烤时间,湿球温度控制在37°C,要保证排湿顺畅,进风均匀,使烟叶顺利脱水千燥。 In rc / 2-3 hr the dry bulb temperature was raised to 48-50 ° C, bottom shelf tobacco vein yellowing, leaf drying than half, less than this target should be extended baking time, the wet bulb temperature was controlled at 37 ° C, humidity to ensure smooth air intake, thus giving a smooth dehydration was dry tobacco. 在48-50°C温度段达到目标后以2小时升1 °C的速度升温至54-55。 At a temperature of 48-50 ° C reaches the target segment after 2 hours 1 ° C rise speed was raised to 54-55. (:,控制湿球温度在38°C,使烟叶进一步干燥, 达到叶片全干,近叶尖1/3处主脉干燥,未达到烟叶变化目标,干球温度不超过55°C,此阶段湿球温度最高不超过40 °C。 (:, Control the wet bulb temperature at 38 ° C, so further dried tobacco leaves, blades reach all dry, nearly 1/3 of the tip main vein dried tobacco does not reach the target changes, dry bulb temperature did not exceed 55 ° C, this stage wet bulb temperature not exceeding 40 ° C.

[0018] (3)干筋阶段:技术要领是控制干球、限制湿球。 [0018] (3) Dry bead stages: technical gist is controlled dry bulb, wet bulb limit. 在保持干球温度不过高,湿球温度不过低的条件下,主要靠时间长短使烟叶实现干筋。 In keeping dry bulb temperature is not too high, not too low wet-bulb temperature conditions, mainly by the length of time to achieve the tobacco dry ribs. 以每小时升温1°C的速度升到67-68°C 进行稳温,控制湿球温度在40-41°C之间,给予足够的时间,直到全部烟叶干燥,此阶段干球温度不能超过68 °C,湿球温度不能超过43 °C。 Per hour at a heating rate of 1 ° C rise to 67-68 ° C for stabilization temperature, wet bulb temperature controlled between 40-41 ° C, given enough time, until all tobacco drying, dry bulb temperature at this stage should not exceed 68 ° C, wet bulb temperature must not exceed 43 ° C.

[0019]本方法降低了含水量较高的烤烟型烟叶烤糟风险,提高了该类型烟叶调制质量, 提升了调制后等级质量,提高了烟农收益。 [0019] This method reduces the high water content of flue-cured tobacco badly baked risk and improve the quality of modulation type of tobacco, enhance the level of quality of the modulation, improve farmers income.

Claims (3)

1.一种含水量较高的烤烟型烟叶调制方法,其特征是: (1)调制原则:早排湿,快排湿,先拿水后拿色; (¾调制要点:掌握变黄温度稍高,促进变黄速度加快,减少内含物质消耗;变黄期干湿差适当拉大,排除水分;转火时,烟叶变黄程度应稍低,提前开始慢升温;升温定色阶段大火力排湿,慢升温,45 °C以前烟叶干燥程度应较高;(3)技术要点:雨后采收烟叶,装烟时,烧小火,确保烤房温度32_34之间;38度发现底层(叶耳变黄提前拉大干湿差,防止叶基部烤黑. 稳温时间要灵活。 A higher moisture content flue-cured tobacco modulation method, characterized in that: (1) modulation principle: early humidity, humidity fast, take the water acquire color; (¾ modulation elements: control temperature slightly yellowing high, yellowing promote faster, reducing the contents are consumed; yellowing of the difference between wet and dry appropriate widening, excluding water; when to turn the fire, the extent of tobacco leaf yellowing should be slightly lower, began to advance slowly warming; heating the fixer stage large fire humidity slow heating, the degree of tobacco before drying 45 ° C should be higher; (3) techniques: rain harvested leaf, when loading tobacco, burning fire small, ensuring a temperature between barn 32_34; found underlayer 38 degrees (auricles yellowing advance widening difference between wet and dry, to prevent the leaf base grilled black. stable temperature and time to be flexible.
2. 根据权利要求1所述的一种含水量较高的烤烟型烟叶调制方法,其特征是.包括如下步骤: (1)变黄阶段:技术要领是加快变黄速度,减少内含物质消耗; ⑵定色阶段:技术要领是提前排湿、加强排湿; ⑶干筋阶段:技术要领是控制干球、限制湿球。 The higher moisture content of a flue-cured tobacco of claim 1 to claim modulation method, characterized by comprising the steps of: (1) Yellowing Stage: technical gist of yellowing is accelerated speed, reduced consumption of materials containing ; ⑵ given color phases: technical essentials in advance Moisture, humidity and strengthened; ⑶ stem drying stage: control technology essentials dry bulb, wet bulb limit.
3. 根据权利要求1或2所述的一种含水量较高的烤烟型烟叶调制方法,其特征是.包括如下步骤: (1) 变黄阶段:技术要领是加快变黄速度,减少内含物质消耗;升温速度丨tv小时,干球温度37-38°C,保持干湿差2-3°C。 The higher moisture content of one or the flue-cured tobacco of 12 modulation method as claimed in claim, characterized by comprising the steps of: (1) Yellowing Stage: technical gist of yellowing is accelerated rate, reducing containing material consumption; temperature rise rate Shu tv hour, the dry bulb temperature of 37-38 ° C, to maintain the difference between wet and dry 2-3 ° C. 要求底棚烟叶叶片发软,基本变黄;到达目标后,以1。 Weak tobacco leaves required the bottom shelf, basic yellow; After reaching the target, to 1. 〇/3 小时的速度升温,干球温度达42°C,要求底棚烟叶主脉发软,叶片勾尖卷边,顶棚烟叶基本全黄; (2) 定色阶段:技术要领是提前排湿、加强排湿;以丨tV2-3小时的速度将干球温度升至48-50°C,底棚烟叶叶脉变黄,一半以上叶片干燥,未达此目标应适当延长烘烤时间,湿球温度控制在37°C,要保证排湿顺畅,进风均匀,使烟叶顺利脱水干燥;在48-5(TC温度段达到目标后以2小时升1 °C的速度升温至54-55-C,控制湿球温度在38°C,使烟叶进一步干燥,达到叶片全干,近叶尖1/3处主脉干燥,未达到烟叶变化目标,干球温度不超过55°C,此阶段湿球温度最高不超过40°C; (3) 干筋阶段:技术要领是控制干球、限制湿球。在保持干球温度不过高,湿球温度不过低的条件下,主要靠时间长短使烟叶实现干筋;以每小时升温1°C的速度升到67-68-C进行稳温,控制湿球温度在40-41 Square / raised at a rate of 3 hours, the dry-bulb temperature of 42 ° C, the bottom shelf in claim weak main vein tobacco, leaf curling hook tip, substantially all yellow tobacco ceiling; (2) a given color phases: dehumidification advance technical gist strengthening humidity; Shu tV2-3 hours at a rate of dry bulb temperature was raised to 48-50 ° C, bottom shelf tobacco vein yellowing, leaf drying than half, less than this target should be extended baking time, wet bulb temperature was controlled at 37 ° C, humidity to ensure smooth, evenly into the wind, so that smooth dried tobacco; 54-55-C the temperature was raised to 48-5 (to achieve the target rate after 2 hours liters of 1 ° C temperature TC of segments , wet bulb temperature controlled at 38 ° C, so further dried tobacco leaves, blades reach all dry, nearly 1/3 of the tip main vein dried tobacco does not reach the target changes, dry bulb temperature did not exceed 55 ° C, wet bulb at this stage a temperature not exceeding 40 ° C; (3) stem drying stage: technical gist is controlled dry bulb, restrictions wet bulb holding a dry-bulb temperature is too high, wet bulb temperature, but under the condition of low, mainly by the length of time that the tobacco achieved. dry gluten; at a heating rate of 1 ° C per hour, raised to 67-68-C for temperature stabilization, in the wet-bulb temperature control 40-41 C之间,给予足够的时间,直到全部烟叶千燥,此阶段干球温度不能超过68°C,湿球温度不能超过43。(:。 Between C, given enough time, until all was dry tobacco, dry bulb temperature at this stage should not exceed 68 ° C, wet bulb temperature must not exceed 43. (:.
CN201710622710.1A 2017-07-27 2017-07-27 Curing method of flue-cured tobacco with high content of water CN107348555A (en)

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