CN107186286B - Full-automatic small worm machine assembling method - Google Patents

Full-automatic small worm machine assembling method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107186286B
CN107186286B CN201710428598.8A CN201710428598A CN107186286B CN 107186286 B CN107186286 B CN 107186286B CN 201710428598 A CN201710428598 A CN 201710428598A CN 107186286 B CN107186286 B CN 107186286B
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silver
plate
machine
power head
guide rail
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CN107186286A (en
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黄治琦
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Zhejiang Shaoxing Fuyuan Technology Co ltd
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Shaoxing Dongwei Sports Technology Co Ltd
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23FMAKING GEARS OR TOOTHED RACKS
    • B23F13/00Making worms by methods essentially requiring the use of machines of the gear-cutting type
    • B23F13/003Making worms by methods essentially requiring the use of machines of the gear-cutting type making worms of conical or barrel shape
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23FMAKING GEARS OR TOOTHED RACKS
    • B23F23/00Accessories or equipment combined with or arranged in, or specially designed to form part of, gear-cutting machines
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23FMAKING GEARS OR TOOTHED RACKS
    • B23F23/00Accessories or equipment combined with or arranged in, or specially designed to form part of, gear-cutting machines
    • B23F23/02Loading, unloading or chucking arrangements for workpieces
    • B23F23/06Chucking arrangements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q7/00Arrangements for handling work specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools, e.g. for conveying, loading, positioning, discharging, sorting

Abstract

The invention discloses a full-automatic small-sized worm machine assembling method, relates to worm machining, and is used for solving the problems that the existing milling cutter cannot adjust the feeding direction along a central shaft, is inconvenient to borrow a cutter, and is poor in rigidity, easy to damage the cutter and large in abrasion in the milling process due to the large helix angle of a worm. The method comprises the following four steps of installing a power head adjusting mechanism, installing a clamping mechanism, installing a machine head mechanism, and installing a machine tool main frame and a machine body cover. The assembly method improves the precision of the spiral teeth on the surface of the worm, thereby improving the transmission precision and reducing the abrasion.

Description

Full-automatic small worm machine assembling method
Technical Field
The invention relates to worm machining, in particular to a full-automatic small worm machine assembling method.
Background
The worm drive is a drive that transmits motion and power between two spatially staggered axes, the angle between which can be any value, commonly 90 °. Worm drives are used to transfer motion and power between the interleaved shafts. The worm has the same right-hand and left-hand parts as the thread, and is respectively called as a right-hand worm and a left-hand worm.
The worm drive has the following characteristics: firstly, the transmission ratio is large, and the structure is compact. The number of worm heads is represented by Z1 (generally, Z1 is 1 to 4), and the number of teeth of the worm gear is represented by Z2. As can be seen from the transmission ratio formula I-Z2/Z1, when Z1 is 1, that is, the worm is single-headed, the worm must rotate Z2 to rotate the worm wheel, so that a large transmission ratio can be obtained, and generally in power transmission, the transmission ratio I is 10-80; in an indexing mechanism, I can be up to 1000. The large transmission such as gear transmission needs to be realized by adopting multi-stage transmission, so that the worm transmission has compact structure, small volume and light weight. Secondly, the transmission is stable and noiseless. Because the worm teeth are continuous spiral teeth and are continuously meshed with the worm teeth, the worm teeth do not enter and exit the meshing process, so the worm gear has stable work and small impact, vibration and noise. Third, it is self-locking. When the helix angle of the worm is small, the worm can only drive the worm wheel to drive, but the worm wheel can not drive the worm to rotate. Fourth, the worm drive is inefficient, and is generally considered to be less efficient than the gear drive. Particularly, the efficiency of the worm drive with self-locking performance is below 0.5, and the general efficiency is only 0.7-0.9. Fifthly, the heating value is large, the tooth surface is easy to wear, and the cost is high.
Archimedes worm (ZA worm) with a profile of Archimedes spiral on a plane perpendicular to the axis of the worm (i.e. the end face), a profile of straight line on the plane containing the axis (i.e. the axial profile), a profile angle α theta of 20 DEG, which can be milled on a lathe with a single blade (when the lead angle gamma is less than or equal to 3 DEG) or with a double blade (when gamma is greater than or equal to 3 DEG) with straight cutting edges.
Patent document 201410533384.3 discloses a worm machining device for machining a blank (1) into a worm, which includes a moving mechanism, a base (91), a column (92), a milling cutter rotation driving motor (93) and a milling cutter (94), wherein the moving mechanism is fixed on the base (91), the lower end of the column (92) is fixedly connected with the base (91), the milling cutter rotation driving motor (93) is installed at the upper end of the column (92) and is used for driving the milling cutter (94) to rotate, and the milling cutter (94) is installed on the milling cutter rotation driving motor (93) and is used for cutting the blank (1); the movement mechanism comprises a blank carrier (2), a sleeve (3) with external threads, a drive sleeve (4) with internal threads and a machine tool main frame (7).
However, the technical scheme has the following defects that the milling cutter cannot adjust the feeding direction along the central shaft, so that the cutter is inconvenient to borrow, and the milling cutter has poor rigidity, is easy to strike a cutter and has large abrasion in the milling process due to the large helix angle of the worm. Particularly, when a workpiece is machined, due to the lack of the workpiece clamping mechanism, the workpiece slightly shakes due to the drilling of the milling cutter, and the machining precision of spiral teeth on the surface of the worm is affected.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a full-automatic small worm machine which improves the transmission precision and reduces the abrasion by improving the precision of spiral teeth on the surface of a worm.
In order to achieve the technical purpose, the technical scheme adopted by the invention is as follows:
the full-automatic small-sized worm machine comprises a machine tool main frame, a machine head mechanism, a power head adjusting mechanism and a manipulator assembling mechanism, wherein the power head adjusting mechanism comprises a first bottom plate, a first line rail mounting seat, a first silver feeding guide rail, a first silver feeding slide block, a first slide block mounting plate, a power head assembly and a first motor, the first bottom plate is of a hollow structure, the first motor is arranged behind the first bottom plate, the upper surface of the first bottom plate is connected with the first line rail mounting seat, the upper surface of the first line rail mounting seat is connected with the first silver feeding guide rail, the upper end of the first silver feeding guide rail is connected with the first silver feeding slide block, the upper end of the first silver feeding slide block is connected with the first slide block mounting plate, the power head assembly is arranged in the first bottom plate and comprises a power head main shaft, a power head cutter disc and a second motor, the power head main shaft penetrates through the first bottom plate, the lower end, the upper end of the power head is extended out of the first slide block mounting plate and is connected with the power head cutter head.
According to the invention adopting the technical scheme, the first silver feeding guide rail and the first silver feeding sliding block are matched to work, and the first silver feeding guide rail is driven by the first motor to move back and forth, so that the first sliding block mounting plate is ensured to move to a designed position; meanwhile, the power head main shaft and the power head cutter disc are matched to work, the second motor is used for driving the power head main shaft to act, the feeding direction of the power head cutter disc is further adjusted, the improved power head cutter disc cannot cause slight shaking of a workpiece due to rotation, and the precision of the processed spiral teeth on the surface of the worm can be improved.
Further limit, the number of the first upper silver guide rails is 2, the first upper silver guide rails are respectively arranged on the left side and the right side of the first line rail mounting seat, and the cross section of each first upper silver guide rail is an opposite surface.
The left side and the right side of the first line rail mounting seat are respectively provided with the first upper silver guide rail, so that the phenomenon of side turning is avoided when the first slider mounting plate moves back and forth. The first silver feeding guide rail with the cross section being the opposite surface is adopted, so that the first silver feeding guide rail and the first silver feeding sliding block are ensured not to derail.
Further inject, the unit head adjustment mechanism still includes the limiting plate, the limiting plate sets up in first line rail mount pad front side.
In order to avoid first slider mounting panel to drop from first silver-colored slider, limiting plate is add to first line rail mount pad front side.
Further inject, first slider mounting panel upper surface is equipped with locking mechanism, locking mechanism includes first regulating plate, first bearing mount pad and first bearing gland, the first regulating plate of first slider mounting panel upper surface connection, the first bearing mount pad of epaxial connection in the first regulating plate center, the first bearing mount pad upper surface passes through the first bearing gland of bolted connection.
The locking mechanism can ensure that the cutter head can not fall off from the cutter head of the power head due to overhigh rotating speed when rotating at high speed.
Further limiting, the right side of the power head adjusting mechanism is provided with a clamping mechanism, the clamping mechanism comprises a clamping support, a clamping slide block mounting plate, a second silver feeding guide rail, a second silver feeding slide block, a longitudinally arranged second slide block mounting plate, a second air cylinder, a third silver feeding guide rail, a third silver feeding slide block, a transversely arranged third slide block mounting plate, an ejector pin and a third air cylinder, the clamping support is connected with the clamping slide block mounting plate, the upper surface of the clamping slide block mounting plate is connected with the second silver feeding guide rail, the upper end of the second silver feeding guide rail is connected with the second silver feeding slide block, the upper end of the second silver feeding slide block is connected with the longitudinally arranged second slide block mounting plate, the transversely arranged third slide block mounting plate is arranged on the second slide block mounting plate and is in a cross shape, the upper surface of the third slide block mounting plate is connected with the third silver feeding guide rail, the upper end of the third silver feeding guide, and the third silver feeding sliding block is connected with a thimble mounting plate, the left end of the thimble mounting plate is connected with a thimble, and the right end of the thimble mounting plate is connected with a third cylinder.
The automatic ejection device is characterized in that the ejection device comprises an ejection cylinder support, an ejection cylinder rod and an ejection block, the ejection cylinder rod is connected to the ejection cylinder support, the left end of the ejection cylinder rod is connected with the ejection cylinder, and the right end of the ejection cylinder rod is connected with the ejection block.
The left side of unit head blade disc is aircraft nose mechanism, and its right side is fixture, and when specifically using, the chuck in the aircraft nose right side opens, and the liftout cylinder promotes right, and liftout cylinder pole on the liftout cylinder support drives the ejector pin through the liftout piece and moves right under the effect of liftout cylinder, and the work piece is sent to the chuck, and at this moment, the chuck in the aircraft nose right side is closed.
The third silver feeding guide rail and the third silver feeding slide block are matched with each other to work, the third cylinder is utilized to drive the third silver feeding guide rail to move left and right, the third slide block mounting plate which is transversely arranged is ensured to move to a designed position, the ejector pin mounting plate is further controlled to move left, and clamping of the ejector pin on the workpiece is completed.
It should be noted that the second silver feeding guide rail and the second silver feeding sliding block are matched with each other, and the second cylinder is used for driving the second silver feeding guide rail to move back and forth, so that the second sliding block mounting plate arranged longitudinally is ensured to move to the designed position.
Further, a machine body cover is arranged on the upper part of the main frame of the machine tool.
Further inject, the lathe body frame comprises the frame, lathe body frame bottom is equipped with and shelves the bottom plate, lathe body frame front side is equipped with the dodge gate, the left and right side of lathe body frame is equipped with first shrouding respectively, be equipped with the first breach that is used for placing the funnel on the first shrouding, lathe body frame rear side is equipped with the block terminal, lathe body frame top is equipped with first mesa, be equipped with first arch on the first mesa.
The design funnel is convenient for collect the waste material that the processing work piece produced, simultaneously, adopts the first shrouding that has first breach, improves overall structure's compactedness.
Further inject, shelve and be equipped with motor mounting structure on the bottom plate, motor mounting structure includes square steel, sleeve pipe and main shaft servo motor mounting panel, main shaft servo motor mounting panel front side is equipped with the first U-shaped groove that is used for fixing, main shaft servo motor mounting panel rear side is through bushing connection square steel.
The spindle servo motor mounting plate with the first U-shaped groove is adopted, and the spindle servo motor is convenient to mount and dismount in a non-integrated mounting mode.
The invention also discloses a method for assembling the full-automatic small worm gear machine, which comprises the following steps,
step one, installing a power head adjusting mechanism, wherein the power head adjusting mechanism comprises a first bottom plate, a first line rail installation seat, a first silver feeding guide rail, a first silver feeding slide block, a first slide block installation plate, a power head assembly and a first motor, the first bottom plate is of a hollow structure, the first motor is arranged behind the first bottom plate, the upper surface of the first bottom plate is connected with the first line rail installation seat, the upper surface of the first line rail installation seat is connected with the first silver feeding guide rail, the upper end of the first silver feeding guide rail is connected with the first silver feeding slide block, the upper end of the first silver feeding slide block is connected with the first slide block installation plate, the first bottom plate is internally provided with a power head assembly, the power head assembly comprises a power head main shaft, a power head cutter disc and a second motor, the power head main shaft penetrates through the first bottom plate, the lower end of the power head main shaft is connected with the, and is connected with a power head cutter head;
step two, the fixture installation, the unit head adjustment mechanism right side is equipped with fixture, fixture grip slipper mounting panel, second goes up silver guide rail, second goes up silver slider, vertically sets up second slider mounting panel, second cylinder, third goes up silver guide rail, third goes up silver slider, transversely sets up third slider mounting panel, thimble, third cylinder, connect the grip slipper mounting panel on the grip slipper, the second goes up silver guide rail is connected to grip slipper mounting panel upper surface, the second goes up silver slider on the second goes up silver guide rail, vertically sets up second slider mounting panel is connected to second goes up silver slider up end connection, the third slider mounting panel that transversely sets up is set up on the second slider mounting panel, and becomes the cross, third goes up silver guide rail is connected to third slider mounting panel upper surface, the upper end of the third silver feeding guide rail is connected with a third silver feeding sliding block, the third silver feeding sliding block is connected with a thimble mounting plate, the left end of the thimble mounting plate is connected with a thimble, and the right end of the thimble mounting plate is connected with a third air cylinder;
step three, installing a machine head mechanism, wherein the machine head mechanism comprises a machine head, a chuck arranged on the right side of the machine head, a feeding clamp plate arranged above the machine head, and a material ejecting device arranged on the left side of the machine head, wherein a material ejecting rod is arranged in the machine head, the material ejecting device comprises an ejecting cylinder support, an ejecting cylinder rod and an ejecting block, the ejecting cylinder support is connected with the ejecting cylinder rod, the left end of the ejecting cylinder rod is connected with the ejecting cylinder, and the right end of the ejecting cylinder rod is connected with the ejecting block;
fourthly, installing a machine tool main frame and a machine body cover, wherein the machine tool main frame is composed of a frame, a shelving bottom plate is arranged at the bottom of the machine tool main frame, a movable door is arranged on the front side of the machine tool main frame, first sealing plates are respectively arranged on the left side and the right side of the machine tool main frame, a first notch for placing a funnel is arranged on each first sealing plate, a distribution box is arranged on the rear side of the machine tool main frame, a first table top is arranged at the top of the machine tool main frame, a first bulge is arranged on each first table top, a motor installation structure is arranged on each shelving bottom plate and comprises square steel, a sleeve and a main shaft servo motor installation plate, a first U-shaped groove for fixing is arranged on the front side of the main shaft servo motor installation plate, and the rear side of the main shaft servo; the machine body cover is arranged on the upper part of the main machine frame.
Compared with the prior art, the invention improves the precision of the spiral teeth on the surface of the worm and greatly improves the mass production efficiency.
Drawings
The invention is further illustrated by the non-limiting examples given in the accompanying drawings;
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a fully automatic small worm gear of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a top view of the fully automatic small worm gear of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a front view of the fully automatic small worm gear of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is an enlarged view of a portion of FIG. 3;
FIG. 5 is an exploded view of the fully automatic small worm gear (internal structure) of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a perspective view of the fully automatic small worm gear (including the body cover) of the present invention;
the main element symbols are as follows:
the machine tool main frame 1, a machine head mechanism 2, a power head adjusting mechanism 3, a manipulator assembling mechanism 4, a first bottom plate 5, a first track mounting seat 6, a first silver feeding guide rail 7, a first silver feeding slide block 8, a first slide block mounting plate 9, a first motor 10, a power head spindle 11, a power head cutter head 12, a second motor 13, a limiting plate 14, a first adjusting plate 15, a first bearing mounting seat 16, a first bearing cover 17, a clamping mechanism 18, a clamping bracket 19, a clamping slide block mounting plate 20, a second silver feeding guide rail 21, a second silver feeding slide block 22, a second slide block mounting plate 23, a second air cylinder 24, a third silver feeding guide rail 25, a third silver feeding slide block 26, a third slide block mounting plate 27, a thimble mounting plate 28, a thimble 29, a third air cylinder 30, a machine head 31, a chuck 32, a feeding clamp plate 33, a material ejecting device 34, a mandril 35, an ejecting air cylinder bracket 36 and an ejecting air cylinder 37, the device comprises an ejection air cylinder rod 38, an ejection block 39, a machine body cover 40, a laying bottom plate 41, a movable door 42, a first sealing plate 43, a funnel 44, a first notch 45, a distribution box 46, a first table surface 47, a first bulge 48, square steel 49, a sleeve 50, a main shaft servo motor mounting plate 51, a first U-shaped groove 52 and a vibration disc 53.
Detailed Description
In order that those skilled in the art can better understand the present invention, the following technical solutions are further described with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples.
In the first embodiment, the first step is,
as shown in fig. 1, 2, 3 and 4, the full-automatic small worm machine comprises a machine tool main frame 1, a machine head mechanism 2, a power head adjusting mechanism 3 and a manipulator assembling mechanism 4, wherein the power head adjusting mechanism 3 comprises a first base plate 5, a first line rail mounting seat 6, a first silver feeding guide rail 7, a first silver feeding slider 8, a first slider mounting plate 9, a power head assembly and a first motor 10, the first base plate 5 is of a hollow structure, the first motor 10 is arranged behind the first base plate 5, the upper surface of the first base plate 5 is connected with the first line rail mounting seat 6, the upper surface of the first line rail mounting seat 6 is connected with the first silver feeding guide rail 7, the upper end of the first silver feeding guide rail 7 is connected with the first silver feeding slider 8, the upper end of the first silver feeding slider 8 is connected with the first slider mounting plate 9, a power head assembly is arranged in the first base plate 5, the power head assembly comprises a power head main shaft 11 and a power head, and a second motor 13, wherein the power head spindle 11 penetrates through the first bottom plate 5, the lower end of the power head spindle 11 is connected with the second motor 13, and the upper end of the power head spindle extends out of the first slider mounting plate 9 and is connected with the power head cutter disc 12.
The number of the first silver feeding guide rails 7 is 2, the first silver feeding guide rails are respectively arranged on the left side and the right side of the first line rail mounting seat 9, and the cross section of each first silver feeding guide rail 7 is an opposite surface.
The power head adjusting mechanism further comprises a limiting plate 14, and the limiting plate 14 is arranged on the front side of the first line rail mounting seat 9.
In the second embodiment, the first embodiment of the method,
as shown in fig. 1, 2, 3 and 4, the full-automatic small worm machine comprises a machine tool main frame 1, a machine head mechanism 2, a power head adjusting mechanism 3 and a manipulator assembling mechanism 4, wherein the power head adjusting mechanism 3 comprises a first base plate 5, a first line rail mounting seat 6, a first silver feeding guide rail 7, a first silver feeding slider 8, a first slider mounting plate 9, a power head assembly and a first motor 10, the first base plate 5 is of a hollow structure, the first motor 10 is arranged behind the first base plate 5, the upper surface of the first base plate 5 is connected with the first line rail mounting seat 6, the upper surface of the first line rail mounting seat 6 is connected with the first silver feeding guide rail 7, the upper end of the first silver feeding guide rail 7 is connected with the first silver feeding slider 8, the upper end of the first silver feeding slider 8 is connected with the first slider mounting plate 9, a power head assembly is arranged in the first base plate 5, the power head assembly comprises a power head main shaft 11 and a power head, and a second motor 13, wherein the power head spindle 11 penetrates through the first bottom plate 5, the lower end of the power head spindle 11 is connected with the second motor 13, and the upper end of the power head spindle extends out of the first slider mounting plate 9 and is connected with the power head cutter disc 12.
The number of the first silver feeding guide rails 7 is 2, the first silver feeding guide rails are respectively arranged on the left side and the right side of the first line rail mounting seat 9, and the cross section of each first silver feeding guide rail 7 is an opposite surface.
The power head adjusting mechanism further comprises a limiting plate 14, and the limiting plate 14 is arranged on the front side of the first line rail mounting seat 9.
The upper surface of the first slider mounting plate 9 is provided with a locking mechanism, the locking mechanism comprises a first adjusting plate 15, a first bearing mounting seat 16 and a first bearing gland 17, the upper surface of the first slider mounting plate 9 is connected with the first adjusting plate 15, the first bearing mounting seat 16 is connected to the center shaft of the first adjusting plate 15, and the upper surface of the first bearing mounting seat 16 is connected with the first bearing gland 17 through a bolt.
The difference between the first embodiment and the second embodiment is that, compared with the first embodiment, the second embodiment is additionally provided with the locking mechanism, and the locking mechanism can ensure that the cutter head cannot fall off from the cutter head of the power head due to overhigh rotation speed when the cutter head rotates at high speed.
In the third embodiment, the first step is that,
as another preferred embodiment of the present invention, as shown in fig. 1, fig. 2, fig. 3, fig. 4, fig. 5, and fig. 6, a clamping mechanism 18 is disposed on the right side of the power head adjusting mechanism 3, the clamping mechanism 18 includes a clamping bracket 19, a clamping slider mounting plate 20, a second silver feeding rail 21, a second silver feeding slider 22, a longitudinally disposed second slider mounting plate 23, a second air cylinder 24, a third silver feeding rail 25, a third silver feeding slider 26, a transversely disposed third slider mounting plate 27, an ejector mounting plate 28, an ejector 29, and a third air cylinder 30, the clamping slider mounting plate 20 is connected to the clamping bracket 19, the second silver feeding rail 21 is connected to the upper surface of the clamping slider mounting plate 20, the second silver feeding rail 22 is connected to the upper end of the second silver feeding rail 21, the longitudinally disposed second slider mounting plate 23 is connected to the upper surface of the second silver feeding slider 22, the transversely disposed third slider mounting plate 27 is disposed on the second slider mounting plate 23, and the upper surface of the third sliding block mounting plate 27 is connected with a third silver feeding guide rail 25, the upper end of the third silver feeding guide rail 25 is connected with a third silver feeding sliding block 26, the third silver feeding sliding block 26 is connected with a thimble mounting plate 28, the left end of the thimble mounting plate 28 is connected with a thimble 29, and the right end of the thimble mounting plate 28 is connected with a third air cylinder 30.
The machine head mechanism 2 comprises a machine head 31, a chuck 32 arranged on the right side of the machine head 31, a feeding clamp plate 33 arranged above the machine head 31, and an ejection device 34 arranged on the left side of the machine head 31, wherein an ejector rod 35 is arranged in the machine head 31, the ejection device 34 comprises an ejection cylinder support 36, an ejection cylinder 37, an ejection cylinder rod 38 and an ejection block 39, the ejection cylinder support 36 is connected with the ejection cylinder rod 38, the left end of the ejection cylinder rod 38 is connected with the ejection cylinder 37, and the right end of the ejection cylinder rod is connected with the ejection block 39.
In the fourth embodiment, the first step is that,
as another preferred embodiment of the present invention, as shown in fig. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6, a machine body cover 40 is provided on an upper portion of a machine tool main frame 1.
The machine tool main frame 1 comprises a frame, a shelving bottom plate 41 is arranged at the bottom of the machine tool main frame 1, a movable door 42 is arranged on the front side of the machine tool main frame 1, a first sealing plate 43 is respectively arranged on the left side and the right side of the machine tool main frame 1, a first notch 45 used for placing a funnel 44 is arranged on the first sealing plate 43, a distribution box 46 is arranged on the rear side of the machine tool main frame 1, a first table top 47 is arranged at the top of the machine tool main frame 1, and a first bulge 48 is arranged on the first table top 47.
A motor mounting structure is arranged on the shelving bottom plate 41 and comprises square steel 49, a sleeve 50 and a spindle servo motor mounting plate 51, a first U-shaped groove 52 for fixing is formed in the front side of the spindle servo motor mounting plate 51, and the rear side of the spindle servo motor mounting plate 51 is connected with the square steel 49 through the sleeve 50.
It should be noted that, this technical scheme can also be used in combination with vibration dish 53.
The vibratory pan 53 is an auxiliary feeding device for an automatic assembly or automatic processing machine. The automatic assembling machine can arrange various products in order, and is matched with automatic assembling equipment to assemble various parts of the products into a complete product, or is matched with automatic processing machinery to finish processing workpieces.
The vibrating plate 53 operates on the principle that a pulse electromagnet is arranged below the hopper of the vibrating plate to enable the hopper to vibrate in the vertical direction, and the inclined spring pieces drive the hopper to perform torsional vibration around the vertical axis of the hopper. The parts in the hopper, as a result of being subjected to such vibrations, rise along a helical track. During the ascending process, the parts can automatically enter the assembling or machining position in a uniform state according to the assembling or machining requirements through screening or posture change of a series of tracks. The working purpose is to automatically, orderly, directionally and neatly arrange the disordered workpieces by vibration and accurately convey the disordered workpieces to the next procedure.
The assembling method of the full-automatic small worm gear machine comprises the following steps,
step one, installing a power head adjusting mechanism, wherein the power head adjusting mechanism comprises a first bottom plate, a first line rail installation seat, a first silver feeding guide rail, a first silver feeding slide block, a first slide block installation plate, a power head assembly and a first motor, the first bottom plate is of a hollow structure, the first motor is arranged behind the first bottom plate, the upper surface of the first bottom plate is connected with the first line rail installation seat, the upper surface of the first line rail installation seat is connected with the first silver feeding guide rail, the upper end of the first silver feeding guide rail is connected with the first silver feeding slide block, the upper end of the first silver feeding slide block is connected with the first slide block installation plate, the first bottom plate is internally provided with a power head assembly, the power head assembly comprises a power head main shaft, a power head cutter disc and a second motor, the power head main shaft penetrates through the first bottom plate, the lower end of the power head main shaft is connected with the, and is connected with a power head cutter head;
step two, the fixture installation, the unit head adjustment mechanism right side is equipped with fixture, fixture grip slipper mounting panel, second goes up silver guide rail, second goes up silver slider, vertically sets up second slider mounting panel, second cylinder, third goes up silver guide rail, third goes up silver slider, transversely sets up third slider mounting panel, thimble, third cylinder, connect the grip slipper mounting panel on the grip slipper, the second goes up silver guide rail is connected to grip slipper mounting panel upper surface, the second goes up silver slider on the second goes up silver guide rail, vertically sets up second slider mounting panel is connected to second goes up silver slider up end connection, the third slider mounting panel that transversely sets up is set up on the second slider mounting panel, and becomes the cross, third goes up silver guide rail is connected to third slider mounting panel upper surface, the upper end of the third silver feeding guide rail is connected with a third silver feeding sliding block, the third silver feeding sliding block is connected with a thimble mounting plate, the left end of the thimble mounting plate is connected with a thimble, and the right end of the thimble mounting plate is connected with a third air cylinder;
step three, installing a machine head mechanism, wherein the machine head mechanism comprises a machine head, a chuck arranged on the right side of the machine head, a feeding clamp plate arranged above the machine head, and a material ejecting device arranged on the left side of the machine head, wherein a material ejecting rod is arranged in the machine head, the material ejecting device comprises an ejecting cylinder support, an ejecting cylinder rod and an ejecting block, the ejecting cylinder support is connected with the ejecting cylinder rod, the left end of the ejecting cylinder rod is connected with the ejecting cylinder, and the right end of the ejecting cylinder rod is connected with the ejecting block;
fourthly, installing a machine tool main frame and a machine body cover, wherein the machine tool main frame is composed of a frame, a shelving bottom plate is arranged at the bottom of the machine tool main frame, a movable door is arranged on the front side of the machine tool main frame, first sealing plates are respectively arranged on the left side and the right side of the machine tool main frame, a first notch for placing a funnel is arranged on each first sealing plate, a distribution box is arranged on the rear side of the machine tool main frame, a first table top is arranged at the top of the machine tool main frame, a first bulge is arranged on each first table top, a motor installation structure is arranged on each shelving bottom plate and comprises square steel, a sleeve and a main shaft servo motor installation plate, a first U-shaped groove for fixing is arranged on the front side of the main shaft servo motor installation plate, and the rear side of the main shaft servo; the machine body cover is arranged on the upper part of the main machine frame.
The assembling method of the fully automatic small worm gear provided by the invention is described in detail above. The description of the specific embodiments is only intended to facilitate an understanding of the method of the invention and its core ideas. It should be noted that, for those skilled in the art, it is possible to make various improvements and modifications to the present invention without departing from the principle of the present invention, and those improvements and modifications also fall within the scope of the claims of the present invention.

Claims (2)

1. The assembling method of the full-automatic small worm gear machine is characterized by comprising the following steps: comprises the following steps of (a) carrying out,
step one, installing a power head adjusting mechanism, wherein the power head adjusting mechanism comprises a first bottom plate, a first line rail installation seat, a first silver feeding guide rail, a first silver feeding slide block, a first slide block installation plate, a power head assembly and a first motor, the first bottom plate is of a hollow structure, the first motor is arranged behind the first bottom plate, the upper surface of the first bottom plate is connected with the first line rail installation seat, the upper surface of the first line rail installation seat is connected with the first silver feeding guide rail, the upper end of the first silver feeding guide rail is connected with the first silver feeding slide block, the upper end of the first silver feeding slide block is connected with the first slide block installation plate, the first bottom plate is internally provided with a power head assembly, the power head assembly comprises a power head main shaft, a power head cutter disc and a second motor, the power head main shaft penetrates through the first bottom plate, the lower end of the power head main shaft is connected with the, and is connected with a power head cutter head;
the number of the first upper silver guide rails is 2, the first upper silver guide rails are respectively arranged on the left side and the right side of the first linear rail mounting seat, and the cross section of each first upper silver guide rail is an opposite surface; the power head adjusting mechanism further comprises a limiting plate, and the limiting plate is arranged on the front side of the first line rail mounting seat;
step two, the fixture installation, the unit head adjustment mechanism right side is equipped with fixture, fixture includes centre gripping support, grip block mounting panel, second goes up silver guide rail, second goes up silver slider, vertically sets up second slider mounting panel, second cylinder, third goes up silver guide rail, third goes up silver slider, transversely sets up third slider mounting panel, thimble, third cylinder, connect the grip block mounting panel on the centre gripping support, the second goes up silver guide rail is connected to grip block mounting panel upper surface, the second goes up silver slider on the second goes up silver guide rail upper end connection, vertically sets up second slider mounting panel is connected to second goes up silver slider up end connection, the third slider mounting panel that transversely sets up on the second slider mounting panel, and becomes the cross, third goes up silver guide rail is connected to third slider mounting panel upper surface, the upper end of the third silver feeding guide rail is connected with a third silver feeding sliding block, the third silver feeding sliding block is connected with a thimble mounting plate, the left end of the thimble mounting plate is connected with a thimble, and the right end of the thimble mounting plate is connected with a third air cylinder;
step three, installing a machine head mechanism, wherein the machine head mechanism comprises a machine head, a chuck arranged on the right side of the machine head, a feeding clamp plate arranged above the machine head, and a material ejecting device arranged on the left side of the machine head, wherein a material ejecting rod is arranged in the machine head, the material ejecting device comprises an ejecting cylinder support, an ejecting cylinder rod and an ejecting block, the ejecting cylinder support is connected with the ejecting cylinder rod, the left end of the ejecting cylinder rod is connected with the ejecting cylinder, and the right end of the ejecting cylinder rod is connected with the ejecting block;
fourthly, installing a machine tool main frame and a machine body cover, wherein the machine tool main frame is composed of a frame, a shelving bottom plate is arranged at the bottom of the machine tool main frame, a movable door is arranged on the front side of the machine tool main frame, first sealing plates are respectively arranged on the left side and the right side of the machine tool main frame, a first notch for placing a funnel is arranged on each first sealing plate, a distribution box is arranged on the rear side of the machine tool main frame, a first table top is arranged at the top of the machine tool main frame, a first bulge is arranged on each first table top, a motor installation structure is arranged on each shelving bottom plate and comprises square steel, a sleeve and a main shaft servo motor installation plate, a first U-shaped groove for fixing is arranged on the front side of the main shaft servo motor installation plate, and the rear side of the main shaft servo; the machine body cover is arranged on the upper part of the main machine frame.
2. The assembling method of the full-automatic small-sized worm gear machine according to claim 1, characterized in that: step one, during the installation of unit head adjustment mechanism, still include the locking mechanism installation, first slider mounting panel upper surface is equipped with locking mechanism, locking mechanism includes first regulating plate, first bearing mount pad and first bearing gland, first slider mounting panel upper surface connects first regulating plate, connect first bearing mount pad in the first regulating plate center pin, first bearing mount pad upper surface passes through the first bearing gland of bolted connection.
CN201710428598.8A 2017-06-08 2017-06-08 Full-automatic small worm machine assembling method Active CN107186286B (en)

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CN109604739A (en) * 2018-12-13 2019-04-12 江西师范高等专科学校 A kind of worm processing method and used cutter

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DE8812273U1 (en) * 1988-09-28 1990-01-25 Carl Hurth Maschinen- Und Zahnradfabrik Gmbh & Co, 8000 Muenchen, De
CN102371403A (en) * 2011-07-25 2012-03-14 苏州利德纺织机件有限公司 Machining method of worm by milling instead of turning and implementation device thereof
CN103182564B (en) * 2013-03-25 2016-03-02 北京工商大学 A kind of turnning and milling linkage motion cutting method of coarse pitch worm screw
CN205551683U (en) * 2016-04-21 2016-09-07 都江堰宁江宗汇精密小型蜗杆有限责任公司 Unloading system in accurate small -size worm milling process automation
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