CN107135755A - A kind of efficient biomass feed grinder - Google Patents

A kind of efficient biomass feed grinder Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107135755A
CN107135755A CN201710528695.4A CN201710528695A CN107135755A CN 107135755 A CN107135755 A CN 107135755A CN 201710528695 A CN201710528695 A CN 201710528695A CN 107135755 A CN107135755 A CN 107135755A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
blade
horizontal conveying
conveying belt
crushed
crushing
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
CN201710528695.4A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王兴民
Original Assignee
王兴民
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 王兴民 filed Critical 王兴民
Priority to CN201710528695.4A priority Critical patent/CN107135755A/en
Publication of CN107135755A publication Critical patent/CN107135755A/en
Withdrawn legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01FPROCESSING OF HARVESTED PRODUCE; HAY OR STRAW PRESSES; DEVICES FOR STORING AGRICULTURAL OR HORTICULTURAL PRODUCE
    • A01F29/00Cutting apparatus specially adapted for cutting hay, straw or the like
    • A01F29/02Cutting apparatus specially adapted for cutting hay, straw or the like having rotating knives with their cutting edges in a plane perpendicular to their rotational axis
    • A01F29/04Cutting apparatus specially adapted for cutting hay, straw or the like having rotating knives with their cutting edges in a plane perpendicular to their rotational axis with feeding direction transverse to axis
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01FPROCESSING OF HARVESTED PRODUCE; HAY OR STRAW PRESSES; DEVICES FOR STORING AGRICULTURAL OR HORTICULTURAL PRODUCE
    • A01F29/00Cutting apparatus specially adapted for cutting hay, straw or the like
    • A01F29/09Details
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01FPROCESSING OF HARVESTED PRODUCE; HAY OR STRAW PRESSES; DEVICES FOR STORING AGRICULTURAL OR HORTICULTURAL PRODUCE
    • A01F29/00Cutting apparatus specially adapted for cutting hay, straw or the like
    • A01F29/09Details
    • A01F29/10Feeding devices
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01FPROCESSING OF HARVESTED PRODUCE; HAY OR STRAW PRESSES; DEVICES FOR STORING AGRICULTURAL OR HORTICULTURAL PRODUCE
    • A01F29/00Cutting apparatus specially adapted for cutting hay, straw or the like
    • A01F29/09Details
    • A01F29/12Discharge means
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01FPROCESSING OF HARVESTED PRODUCE; HAY OR STRAW PRESSES; DEVICES FOR STORING AGRICULTURAL OR HORTICULTURAL PRODUCE
    • A01F29/00Cutting apparatus specially adapted for cutting hay, straw or the like
    • A01F29/09Details
    • A01F29/14Drives
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N17/00Apparatus specially adapted for preparing animal feeding-stuffs
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/08Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating
    • B02C23/10Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating with separator arranged in discharge path of crushing or disintegrating zone
    • B02C23/12Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating with separator arranged in discharge path of crushing or disintegrating zone with return of oversize material to crushing or disintegrating zone

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of efficient biomass feed grinder, crushing casing including the horizontal conveying belt for being transported to biomass and for being crushed to biomass, the horizontal conveying belt is rack-mount, the bottom of support is supported by many supporting legs, the right side of horizontal conveying belt is provided with crushing casing, crush casing and the charging aperture for being used for feeding is provided with the right end position of correspondence horizontal conveying belt, spacing conveyer belt is provided with the position directly above of horizontal conveying belt, water pipe is additionally provided with directly over the horizontal conveying belt, multiple directions spray head directed downwardly is installed on water pipe, the beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:Before being crushed, water spray processing is carried out to biomass in advance, the appearance of dust in crushing process can be reduced, and the structure design of Disintegrating knife can enter biomass to be extruded, sheared between the first blade and the second blade, good crushing effect, efficiency high.

Description

A kind of efficient biomass feed grinder
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of disintegrating mechanism, specifically a kind of efficient biomass feed grinder.
Background technology
At present, the biological feedstuff having long been known to everyone, common are the feeding of the processed crushing such as Green maize stalk, wheat straw Material.Biological feedstuff is done for crops stalk crushing, the grinding mode of early stage is manually to be crushed with chopper, this grinding mode consumption Duration, inefficiency, and working strength is low, yields poorly down, is only applicable to small-scale production, it is difficult to meet modern cultivation demand. Now for being crushed using size reduction machinery more than crops stalk crushing so that crush efficiency is greatly improved, and yield significantly increases It is long, it is suitable for large-scale production.But existing disintegrating apparatus, not thorough enough when crushing, such as stalk has when crushing Complete stalk is not crushed and is deposited on bottom, it is difficult to handled, crush efficiency is low, effect is poor.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of efficient biomass feed grinder, to solve to propose in above-mentioned background technology The problem of.
To achieve the above object, the present invention provides following technical scheme:
A kind of efficient biomass feed grinder, including horizontal conveying belt for being transported to biomass and for pair The crushing casing that biomass is crushed, the horizontal conveying belt is rack-mount, and the bottom of support is entered by many supporting legs Crush casing provided with casing is crushed and be provided with the right end position of correspondence horizontal conveying belt in row support, the right side of horizontal conveying belt For the charging aperture of charging, spacing conveyer belt is provided with the position directly above of horizontal conveying belt, spacing conveyer belt is similarly installed at On support and that side that spacing conveyer belt is relative with horizontal conveying belt position is hypotenuse diagonally downward, the horizontal conveying belt Surface be additionally provided with water pipe, water pipe multiple directions spray head directed downwardly be installed, water pipe is connected and water pipe with external water source On water pump is installed;Rotating roller is provided with the crush box body, rotating roller is fixedly mounted on rotating shaft, and one end of rotating shaft passes through bearing On the inwall for crushing casing, another end is through crushing casing and being fixedly connected with driven pulley, and driven pulley passes through triangle Band is connected with installed in the driving pulley crushed on motor, and the surface of rotating roller is fixed with multiple crushing knifes by welding manner Piece, the surface of rotating roller be additionally provided with helically line arrangement it is multiple be used to dragging for material drag for material pawl, the bottom of the crushing casing is opened Filter screen is installed at mouth and opening, motor is crushed and is connected with external power source and controlling switch.
It is used as further scheme of the invention:The Disintegrating knife includes the first blade, the second blade, the knife being made into integration Sheet matrix and fixed seat, first blade and the second blade are concentric arc structure, and the arc length of the first blade is more than the The junction arc transition of two blades, the first blade and the second blade, the bottom of the second blade is fixedly connected with blade base, second Same with arc transition between blade and blade base, the bottom of blade base is fixed in fixed seat, fixed seat and rotating roller Surface soldered fix.
It is used as further scheme of the invention:Each material pawl that drags for is constituted by bar portion and claw, and claw is fixed on The end of bar portion, the other end of bar portion is fixed in rotating roller by way of welding.
It is used as further scheme of the invention:The length for dragging for material pawl is more than the length of Disintegrating knife.
It is used as further scheme of the invention:The spacing conveyer belt is identical with the travelling speed of horizontal conveying belt.
It is used as further scheme of the invention:The crushing casing is provided with the position directly below of filter screen is used for splicing Splicing basin.
It is used as further scheme of the invention:The bottom of the splicing basin is provided with multiple through holes.
It is used as further scheme of the invention:The bottom of the splicing basin is provided with multiple universal wheels.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:Before being crushed, biomass is carried out at water spray in advance Reason, can reduce the appearance of dust in crushing process, and the structure design of Disintegrating knife can make biomass enter the first blade And second extruded between blade, sheared, good crushing effect, efficiency high, the undesirable biomass of segment length's size can be with Dragged for material pawl to pick up, leave, blade is crushed again and is crushed, untill its segment length meets the requirements, good crushing effect.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural representation of efficient biomass feed grinder.
Fig. 2 is a kind of structural representation of Disintegrating knife in efficient biomass feed grinder.
Fig. 3 expects the structural representation of pawl to be dragged in a kind of efficient biomass feed grinder.
In figure:1- supporting legs, 2- supports, 3- water pipes, 4- spray heads, 5- horizontal conveying belts, the spacing conveyer belts of 6-, 7- chargings Mouthful, 8- drag for material pawl, 9- Disintegrating knifes, 10- rotating rollers, 11- rotating shafts, 12- driven pulleys, 13- V-belts, 14- driving pulleys, 15- crush motor, 16- filter screens, 17- splicings basin, 18- universal wheels, the blades of 19- first, the blades of 20- second, 21- blade bases, 22- fixed seats, 23- bar portions, 24- claws.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the embodiment of the present invention, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is carried out clear, complete Site preparation is described, it is clear that described embodiment is only a part of embodiment of the invention, rather than whole embodiments.It is based on Embodiment in the present invention, it is every other that those of ordinary skill in the art are obtained under the premise of creative work is not made Embodiment, belongs to the scope of protection of the invention.
Refer in Fig. 1~3, the embodiment of the present invention, a kind of efficient biomass feed grinder, including for biomass The horizontal conveying belt 5 transported and the crushing casing for being crushed to biomass, the horizontal conveying belt 5 are arranged on branch On frame 2, the bottom of support 2 is supported by many supporting legs 1, and casing is crushed in the right side of horizontal conveying belt 5 provided with casing is crushed It is provided with the right end position of correspondence horizontal conveying belt 5 at the charging aperture 7 for feeding, the position directly above of horizontal conveying belt 5 Provided with spacing conveyer belt 6, spacing conveyer belt 6 is similarly installed on support 2 and spacing conveyer belt 6 and the position phase of horizontal conveying belt 5 To that side be hypotenuse diagonally downward, fluffy mixed and disorderly biomass is at the position by spacing conveyer belt 6, by its hypotenuse Effect, can it is in uniform thickness enters in charging aperture 7, mitigate crush casing crushing pressure, the horizontal conveying belt 5 is just Top, which is additionally provided with water pipe 3, water pipe 3, is provided with multiple directions spray head 4 directed downwardly, and water pipe 3 is connected and water pipe 3 with external water source On water pump is installed, water can be ejected into during work in biomass from spray head 4, reduce the dust that produces in crushing process; Rotating roller 10 is provided with the crush box body, rotating roller 10 is fixedly mounted on rotating shaft 11, and one end of rotating shaft 11 is installed by bearing On the inwall for crushing casing, another end is through crushing casing and being fixedly connected with driven pulley 12, and driven pulley 12 passes through triangle It is connected with 13 with installed in the driving pulley 14 crushed on motor 15, the surface of rotating roller 10 is fixed with multiple by welding manner Disintegrating knife 9, the surface of rotating roller 10 is additionally provided with the multiple of helically line arrangement and expects pawl 8 for dragging for dragging for for material, such as is crushing During stalk, it is impossible to which disposable powder is broken into multistage, some stalks, which can fall, is crushing the bottom of casing, and at this moment dragging for material pawl 8 can be by Fall the stalk in bottom to pull out, carry out crushing cutting again so that the effect of crushing is more preferable, the bottom opening for crushing casing And filter screen 16 is installed at opening, the biomass after crushing is fallen from the eyelet of filter screen 16, crush motor 15 and external power source and Controlling switch is connected.
The Disintegrating knife 9 includes the first blade 19, the second blade 20, blade base 21 and the fixed seat being made into integration 22, the blade 20 of the first blade 19 and second is concentric arc structure, and the arc length of the first blade 19 is more than the second blade 20, the junction arc transition of the first blade 19 and the second blade 20, the bottom of the second blade 20 is fixedly connected with blade base 21, And second it is same between blade 20 and blade base 21 with arc transition, the bottom of blade base 21 is fixed in fixed seat 22, The surface soldered of fixed seat 22 and rotating roller 10 is fixed, when being crushed to biomass, and biomass can enter the first blade 19 and second are extruded between blade 20, are sheared, good crushing effect, efficiency high.
Each material pawl 8 that drags for is constituted by bar portion 23 and claw 24, and claw 24 is fixed on the end of bar portion 23, bar portion 23 The other end be fixed on by way of welding in rotating roller 10, the biomass do not crushed being deposited on filter screen 16 can be dragged for Rise, further crushed.
The length for dragging for material pawl 8 is more than the length of Disintegrating knife 9.
The spacing conveyer belt 6 is identical with the travelling speed of horizontal conveying belt 5.
It is described to crush casing at the position directly below of filter screen 16 provided with the splicing basin 17 for splicing.
The bottom of the splicing basin 17 is provided with multiple through holes, is easy to leach in the water in biomass after crushing.
The bottom of the splicing basin 17 is provided with multiple universal wheels 18, is easy to the movement of splicing basin 17.
The present invention operation principle be:By taking stalk as an example, during work, fluffy mixed and disorderly stalk is entered by spacing conveyer belt 6 Row conveying, when at the position by spacing conveyer belt 6, is acted on by its hypotenuse, in uniform thickness can enter charging aperture 7 It is interior, mitigate the crushing pressure for crushing casing, start and crush motor 15, driving pulley 14 drives driven pulley 12 by V-belt 13 Rotate, Disintegrating knife 9 is rotated simultaneously with material pawl 8 is dragged for, and 9 pairs of stalks fallen of Disintegrating knife are cut, and segment length's size is conformed to That asks falls directly into splicing basin 17 from filter screen 16, and segment length's size is undesirable, is intercepted by filter screen, is then dragged for material Pawl 8 is picked up, left, and blade 9 is crushed again and is crushed, untill its segment length meets the requirements.
It is obvious to a person skilled in the art that the invention is not restricted to the details of above-mentioned one exemplary embodiment, Er Qie In the case of without departing substantially from spirit or essential attributes of the invention, the present invention can be realized in other specific forms.Therefore, no matter From the point of view of which point, embodiment all should be regarded as exemplary, and be nonrestrictive, the scope of the present invention is by appended power Profit is required rather than described above is limited, it is intended that all in the implication and scope of the equivalency of claim by falling Change is included in the present invention.Any reference in claim should not be considered as to the claim involved by limitation.
Moreover, it will be appreciated that although the present specification is described in terms of embodiments, not each embodiment is only wrapped Containing an independent technical scheme, this narrating mode of specification is only that for clarity, those skilled in the art should Using specification as an entirety, the technical solutions in the various embodiments may also be suitably combined, forms those skilled in the art It may be appreciated other embodiment.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of efficient biomass feed grinder, including for the horizontal conveying belt transported to biomass and for life The crushing casing that material is crushed, it is characterised in that the horizontal conveying belt is rack-mount, the bottom of support passes through many Root supporting leg is supported, and casing is crushed in the right-hand member position of correspondence horizontal conveying belt in the right side of horizontal conveying belt provided with casing is crushed Put place to be provided with provided with spacing conveyer belt at the charging aperture for being used for feeding, the position directly above of horizontal conveying belt, spacing conveyer belt is same That side that sample is rack-mount and spacing conveyer belt is relative with horizontal conveying belt position is hypotenuse diagonally downward, the water It is additionally provided with directly over flat conveyer belt on water pipe, water pipe and multiple directions spray head directed downwardly is installed, water pipe connects with external water source Connect and water pump is installed on water pipe;Rotating roller is provided with the crush box body, rotating roller is fixedly mounted on rotating shaft, one end of rotating shaft It is arranged on by bearing on the inwall for crushing casing, another end is through crushing casing and is fixedly connected with driven pulley, driven pulley It is connected by V-belt with installed in the driving pulley crushed on motor, the surface of rotating roller is fixed with multiple by welding manner Disintegrating knife, the surface of rotating roller be additionally provided with helically line arrangement it is multiple be used to dragging for material drag for material pawl, the crushing casing Filter screen is installed at bottom opening and opening, motor is crushed and is connected with external power source and controlling switch.
2. a kind of efficient biomass feed grinder according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the Disintegrating knife includes The first blade, the second blade, blade base and the fixed seat being made into integration, first blade and the second blade are concentric arc Shape structure, and the arc length of the first blade is more than the second blade, the junction arc transition of the first blade and the second blade, the second knife The bottom of piece is fixedly connected with blade base, same with arc transition, the bottom of blade base between the second blade and blade base It is fixed in fixed seat, the surface soldered of fixed seat and rotating roller is fixed.
3. a kind of efficient biomass feed grinder according to claim 2, it is characterised in that each described drag for expects that pawl is equal It is made up of bar portion and claw, claw is fixed on the end of bar portion, the other end of bar portion is fixed on rotating roller by way of welding On.
4. a kind of efficient biomass feed grinder according to claim 3, it is characterised in that the length for dragging for material pawl More than the length of Disintegrating knife.
5. according to a kind of any described efficient biomass feed grinders of claim 1-4, it is characterised in that the spacing biography Send band identical with the travelling speed of horizontal conveying belt.
6. a kind of efficient biomass feed grinder according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the crushing casing is in filter The splicing basin for splicing is provided with the position directly below of net.
7. a kind of efficient biomass feed grinder according to claim 6, it is characterised in that the bottom of the splicing basin Provided with multiple through holes.
8. a kind of efficient biomass feed grinder according to claim 7, it is characterised in that the bottom of the splicing basin Multiple universal wheels are installed.
CN201710528695.4A 2017-07-01 2017-07-01 A kind of efficient biomass feed grinder Withdrawn CN107135755A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710528695.4A CN107135755A (en) 2017-07-01 2017-07-01 A kind of efficient biomass feed grinder

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710528695.4A CN107135755A (en) 2017-07-01 2017-07-01 A kind of efficient biomass feed grinder

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN107135755A true CN107135755A (en) 2017-09-08

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201710528695.4A Withdrawn CN107135755A (en) 2017-07-01 2017-07-01 A kind of efficient biomass feed grinder

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN107135755A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108837902A (en) * 2018-05-07 2018-11-20 安徽金龙山葛业有限公司 A kind of shredding mechanism of Radix Puerariae microparticle

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108837902A (en) * 2018-05-07 2018-11-20 安徽金龙山葛业有限公司 A kind of shredding mechanism of Radix Puerariae microparticle

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Application publication date: 20170908