CN107120964A - 一种均匀煅烧窑装置 - Google Patents

一种均匀煅烧窑装置 Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107120964A
CN107120964A CN201710331358.6A CN201710331358A CN107120964A CN 107120964 A CN107120964 A CN 107120964A CN 201710331358 A CN201710331358 A CN 201710331358A CN 107120964 A CN107120964 A CN 107120964A
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China
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calcining
kiln body
decelerator
motor
agitator
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CN201710331358.6A
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English (en)
Inventor
李玉秋
覃稳梅
韦倩梅
莫晓君
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XIANGZHOU COUNTY SCIENCE TECHNOLOGY INFORMATION RESEARCH INSTITUTE
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XIANGZHOU COUNTY SCIENCE TECHNOLOGY INFORMATION RESEARCH INSTITUTE
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Priority to CN201710331358.6A priority Critical patent/CN107120964A/zh
Publication of CN107120964A publication Critical patent/CN107120964A/zh
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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F27FURNACES; KILNS; OVENS; RETORTS
    • F27BFURNACES, KILNS, OVENS, OR RETORTS IN GENERAL; OPEN SINTERING OR LIKE APPARATUS
    • F27B9/00Furnaces through which the charge is moved mechanically, e.g. of tunnel type; Similar furnaces in which the charge moves by gravity
    • F27B9/14Furnaces through which the charge is moved mechanically, e.g. of tunnel type; Similar furnaces in which the charge moves by gravity characterised by the path of the charge during treatment; characterised by the means by which the charge is moved during treatment
    • F27B9/20Furnaces through which the charge is moved mechanically, e.g. of tunnel type; Similar furnaces in which the charge moves by gravity characterised by the path of the charge during treatment; characterised by the means by which the charge is moved during treatment the charge moving in a substantially straight path tunnel furnace
    • F27B9/22Furnaces through which the charge is moved mechanically, e.g. of tunnel type; Similar furnaces in which the charge moves by gravity characterised by the path of the charge during treatment; characterised by the means by which the charge is moved during treatment the charge moving in a substantially straight path tunnel furnace on rails, e.g. under the action of scrapers or pushers
    • F27B9/227Furnaces through which the charge is moved mechanically, e.g. of tunnel type; Similar furnaces in which the charge moves by gravity characterised by the path of the charge during treatment; characterised by the means by which the charge is moved during treatment the charge moving in a substantially straight path tunnel furnace on rails, e.g. under the action of scrapers or pushers with rotation of the charge
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F27FURNACES; KILNS; OVENS; RETORTS
    • F27BFURNACES, KILNS, OVENS, OR RETORTS IN GENERAL; OPEN SINTERING OR LIKE APPARATUS
    • F27B9/00Furnaces through which the charge is moved mechanically, e.g. of tunnel type; Similar furnaces in which the charge moves by gravity
    • F27B9/30Details, accessories, or equipment peculiar to furnaces of these types
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F27FURNACES; KILNS; OVENS; RETORTS
    • F27MINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO ASPECTS OF THE CHARGES OR FURNACES, KILNS, OVENS OR RETORTS
    • F27M2003/00Type of treatment of the charge
    • F27M2003/03Calcining

Abstract

本发明公开了一种均匀煅烧窑装置,包括用于整机动力的电机、用于降低转速的减速器,用于装载物料的煅烧窑体,用于密封的封盖,用于支撑煅烧窑体的底座,搅拌器通过轴承安装在煅烧窑体上,电机通过第一联轴器与减速器连接,减速器通过第二联轴器与搅拌器连接,煅烧窑体远离电机一端开有出料孔,本发明解决了传统类似装置煅烧不均匀,效率低的问题,利用搅拌器结构搅拌的功能,实现了煅烧时连续混料作业,增加了煅烧的均匀性,降低了成本,采用拌料块和搅拌片协同工作,更有效使物料充分煅烧,具有结构稳定性高,可操纵性强,煅烧效果好的优点。

Description

一种均匀煅烧窑装置
技术领域
[0001] 本发明属于化工原料加工设备技术领域,特别是煅烧窑装置。
背景技术
[0002] 目前化工厂物料煅烧的主要设备有回转窑、立式炒锅、沸腾炉及彼德磨;回转窑可 分为水平回转窑,套筒式回转窑。水平回转窑又分顺流式和逆流式两种,即指物料与热流方 向相同或相反。顺流式为低温煅烧石膏,而逆流式为高温煅烧石膏。回转窑的燃烧方式有直 接加热(内烧式)和间接(外烧式和内加热管式)加热两种。
[0003] 内烧连续式煅烧窑,主要是利用高温热烟气与原料的直接接触来完成物料的煅烧 脱水,由于物料与烟气为直接完成热交换,设备热效率和热利用率均较高,煅烧速度快,生 产能耗低,缺点是燃料燃烧中的粉尘和杂质被带入到了原料中,。
[0004] 外烧式和内加热管式煅烧窑,主要是利用高温热烟气与原料的间接接触来完成物 料的煅烧脱水,由于物料与烟气以间接方式完成热交换,不会污染原料,但是换热效率一般 较低,生产能耗偏高。这种煅烧窑中,设置有一根或多根加热管,原料围绕在加热管周围;为 了提闻原料与加热管的接触机率,提局热效率,有的在锻烧§中设计有扬料板,随着锻烧g 的旋转,扬料板搅动物料不停运动。锻烧过程中物料不停的运动,煅烧时物料比表面积越 大,原料与热源的接触面积越大,传热速度越快,热效率越高,设备越节能。
[0005] 近几年国内专利数据库公开了一些类似的P石膏煅烧窑技术报道: 【申请号】ZL2015103929584,【名称】一种e石膏煅烧S,【公开号】CN 105130229A,公开 了一种0石膏煅烧窑,包括窑身、反应室、加热管、物料进口、物料废气出口、物料出口、热源 高温气体进口、热源废气出口、导流管、扬料板;在窑身上设计有热源高温气体与物料的顺 流式通道,加热管为热源高温气体与物料的逆流式通道,窑身热源通道通过导流管与加热 管连通,该窑身热源通道与加热管热源通道组成顺流式和逆流式综合体;扬料板位于反应 室中,固定在窑身内壁上,扬料板设计成将反应室均匀等分的隔板。但由于该装置过于复 杂,装置成本高,可靠性低的问题。
发明内容
[0006]本发明提供一种性能优良、锻烧均匀的均匀煅烧窑装置,解决传统类似装置煅烧 不均匀,效率低的问题。
[0007]本发明提供一种均匀锻烧窑装置,包括用于整机动力的电机、用于降低转速的减 速器,用于装载物料的煅烧窑体,用于密封的封盖,用于支撑煅烧窑体的底座,搅拌器通过 轴承安装在煅烧窑体上,电机通过第一联轴器与减速器连接,减速器通过第二联轴器与搅 拌器连接,煅烧窑体远离电机一端开有出料孔。
[0008]所述的搅拌器包括转轴、搅拌片、拌料块,搅拌片具有螺旋形状,拌料块安装在搅 拌片上。
[0009]所述的封盖具有烟气孔。
[0010]本发明采用加入新型搅拌装置的设计,利用搅拌器结构搅拌的功能,实现煅烧时 连续混料作业,增加煅烧的均匀性,降低了成本,采用拌料块和搅拌片协同工作,更有效使 物料充分煅烧,解决了传统类似装置煅烧不均匀,效率低的问题,结构稳定性高,可操纵性 强,煅烧效果好。
附图说明
[0011]图1是本发明的正侧结构示意图。
[0012]图2是本发明的乳辊正侧结构示意图。
[0013]图3是本发明的反侧结构示意图。
[00M]其中:卜电机、2—减速器、3—第二联轴器、4—煅烧窑体、5一封盖、6—第一联轴 器、7—底座、8—出料孔、9一转轴、10—搅拌片、11 一拌料块。
具体实施方式
[0015] 下面结合具体附图和实施例对本发明作进一步说明。
[0016] 如图卜3所示,本发明主要包括用于整机动力的电机1、用于降低转速的减速器2, 用于装载物料的煅烧窑体4,用于密封的封盖5,用于支撑煅烧窑体4的底座7,搅拌器通过轴 承女装在煅烧窑体4上,电机1通过第一联轴器e与减速器2连接,减速器2通过第二联轴器3 与搅拌器连接,煅烧窑体4远离电机1 一端开有出料孔8,搅拌器包括转轴9、搅拌片1〇、拌料 块11,搅拌片10具有螺旋形状,拌料块丨丨安装在搅拌片10上。
[0017]工作时,将原料投入煅烧窑体4中远离出料孔8所在部分,封闭封盖5,煤烟热气从 封盖5上的孔进入煅烧窑体4,开动电机〖,电机丨通过减速器2带动转轴9转动,拌料块:^和撹 拌片1 〇共同混料,搅拌片10在混料的同时缓慢将料往出料孔8推送。

Claims (2)

1. 一种均匀煅烧窑装置,包括用于整机动力的电机(1)、用于降低转速的减速器(2),用 于装载物料的煅烧窑体(4),用于密封的封盖(5),用于支撑煅烧窑体(4)的底座(7),其特征 在于:搅拌器通过轴承安装在煅烧窑体(4)上,电机(1)通过第一联轴器(6)与减速器(2)连 接,减速器⑵通过第二联轴器⑶与搅拌器连接,煅烧窑体⑷远离电机⑴一端开有出料 孔⑻。
2.如权利要求1所述的均匀煅烧窑装置,其特征在于:所述的搅拌器包括转轴(9)、搅拌 片(10)、拌料块(11),搅拌片(10)组合具有螺旋形状,拌料块(11)安装在搅拌片(1〇)上,所 述的封盖(5)具有烟气孔。
CN201710331358.6A 2017-05-11 2017-05-11 一种均匀煅烧窑装置 Pending CN107120964A (zh)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2019062873A1 (zh) * 2017-09-29 2019-04-04 怀仁县金诚高岭土有限责任公司 单层搅拌传输煅烧窑和多层搅拌传输煅烧窑

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2009014227A (ja) * 2007-07-02 2009-01-22 Finesinter Co Ltd 熱処理炉
CN201503205U (zh) * 2009-07-28 2010-06-09 湖南雅城新材料发展有限公司 一种节能型内旋式煅烧炉
CN106091676A (zh) * 2016-08-16 2016-11-09 广西联壮科技股份有限公司 多层烘干‑料斗提升式陶土煅烧装置
CN106492725A (zh) * 2016-11-18 2017-03-15 广西大学 一种可实现高低位处理效果的化工搅拌釜式反应器

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2009014227A (ja) * 2007-07-02 2009-01-22 Finesinter Co Ltd 熱処理炉
CN201503205U (zh) * 2009-07-28 2010-06-09 湖南雅城新材料发展有限公司 一种节能型内旋式煅烧炉
CN106091676A (zh) * 2016-08-16 2016-11-09 广西联壮科技股份有限公司 多层烘干‑料斗提升式陶土煅烧装置
CN106492725A (zh) * 2016-11-18 2017-03-15 广西大学 一种可实现高低位处理效果的化工搅拌釜式反应器

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2019062873A1 (zh) * 2017-09-29 2019-04-04 怀仁县金诚高岭土有限责任公司 单层搅拌传输煅烧窑和多层搅拌传输煅烧窑

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Application publication date: 20170901