CN107118000A - The closed organic solid waste aerobic fermentation reactor of swinging - Google Patents

The closed organic solid waste aerobic fermentation reactor of swinging Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107118000A
CN107118000A CN201710506057.2A CN201710506057A CN107118000A CN 107118000 A CN107118000 A CN 107118000A CN 201710506057 A CN201710506057 A CN 201710506057A CN 107118000 A CN107118000 A CN 107118000A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
fermentation
swinging
solid waste
discharging
organic solid
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201710506057.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘亚非
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Qinhuangdao noxin environmental protection & Technology Co., Ltd.
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刘亚非
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 刘亚非 filed Critical 刘亚非
Priority to CN201710506057.2A priority Critical patent/CN107118000A/en
Publication of CN107118000A publication Critical patent/CN107118000A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F17/00Preparation of fertilisers characterised by biological or biochemical treatment steps, e.g. composting or fermentation
    • C05F17/90Apparatus therefor
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F17/00Preparation of fertilisers characterised by biological or biochemical treatment steps, e.g. composting or fermentation
    • C05F17/90Apparatus therefor
    • C05F17/964Constructional parts, e.g. floors, covers or doors
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F17/00Preparation of fertilisers characterised by biological or biochemical treatment steps, e.g. composting or fermentation
    • C05F17/90Apparatus therefor
    • C05F17/964Constructional parts, e.g. floors, covers or doors
    • C05F17/971Constructional parts, e.g. floors, covers or doors for feeding or discharging materials to be treated; for feeding or discharging other material
    • C05F17/979Constructional parts, e.g. floors, covers or doors for feeding or discharging materials to be treated; for feeding or discharging other material the other material being gaseous
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F17/00Preparation of fertilisers characterised by biological or biochemical treatment steps, e.g. composting or fermentation
    • C05F17/90Apparatus therefor
    • C05F17/993Arrangements for measuring process parameters, e.g. temperature, pressure or humidity
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of closed organic solid waste aerobic fermentation reactor of swinging, including feeding mechanism, installation for fermenting, drive mechanism, discharging mechanism and deodoration system.Due to the mechanical part without relative motion inside fermentation tank, the components of machine of all relative motions is good and operating cost is low with maintainability all in device external.Whole fermentation process is carried out in confined space, and no dust, low noise, environmental-protecting performance are good, the foul smell and moisture that organic materials fermentation process is produced are pumped into through induced draught system handled in deodoration system after it is up to standard after discharge.Solve the problem of traditional organic castoff compost fermentation process technique.It can be widely used for plant's feces of livestock and poultry, kitchen garbage, city septic tank and enter the sewage sludge harmlessness after excrement rubbish, sewage disposal, recycling treatment.Organic materials after processing is changed into organic fertilizer.

Description

The closed organic solid waste aerobic fermentation reactor of swinging
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of closed organic solid waste aerobic fermentation reactor of swinging.It can be widely used for plant Sewage sludge harmlessness, recycling treatment after feces of livestock and poultry, kitchen garbage, city septic tank human excrement rubbish, sewage disposal.After processing Organic materials be changed into organic fertilizer, available for improved soil and agricultural production.
Background technology
At present, domestic aerobic fermentation processing organic solid castoff hermetic type aerobic fermentation device mainly has vertical and horizontal two Kind.
Vertical enclosed type aerobic fermentation device is that tank body is fixed, and paddle agitating shaft is dialled in inside using dynamic.Due to SOLID ORGANIC Waste aerobic fermentation corrosivity is strong, working environment compared with.So it is very high to agitating shaft manufacture, installation, seal request, not only easily Damage and maintenance cost is high.
Sealed horizontal type aerobic fermentation device, has using paddle agitating shaft is dialled, and also has to carry using revolving roll inside and raises Flitch turns over throwing mode.Using dial paddle agitating shaft its shortcoming ibid.Used using the mode of heating of revolving roll in roller Inwall is heated, and implements to carry out heating fermentation to organic solid castoff by the inner roller of heating.Because roller is overturn in strip During, fermentation materials are concentrated mainly on the centre of roller by Action of Gravity Field, and heated fermentation materials are distributed in periphery, It is difficult to which being transmitted to material center position to be fermented realizes uniform heating.In the case, not only cause heating power big, and Reduce the thermal efficiency accordingly.In addition, above-mentioned roller material turning mode adds lifting blade mode using inwall, roller it is effective Plot ratio is less than 50%.Meanwhile, aerator must use rotary part, and its is complicated, and fault rate is high.
The content of the invention
In view of above-mentioned present situation, the invention provides a kind of closed organic solid waste aerobic fermentation reactor of swinging. It is passed to, in organic waste portion's mode of heating from inside to outside, improve organic solid waste aerobic fermentation reaction speed.Together When organic castoff compost fermentation harmless treatment and deodorization is carried out under closed environment, reached environmental protection effect it is good, from The requirement of dynamicization, industrialized production.
The present invention technical solution be:A kind of closed organic solid waste aerobic fermentation reactor of swinging, bag Include feeding mechanism, installation for fermenting, drive mechanism, discharging mechanism and deodoration system;
Feeding mechanism, with material bin, is provided with pan feeding auger and feeds side corresponding to fermentation tank inside the material bin;
Installation for fermenting, with fermentation tank, is respectively equipped with fixed helical axis, aeration unit, heating list inside the fermentation tank Member;
Drive mechanism, including reducing motor, are engaged by the gear on reducing motor with the gear ring in fermentation tank;
Discharging mechanism, including cylinder and the interior discharging auger set, the discharging auger are located at fermentation tank discharging side;
Deodoration system, including air-introduced machine, the air-introduced machine are connected by pipeline with biological deodorizing spray column.
In above-mentioned, the aeration unit includes high pressure positive blower, and the high pressure positive blower is connected with aerated conduit, the aerated conduit On stomata is distributed with.
In above-mentioned, the heating unit includes medium heating compartment, and medium heating compartment is connected with helical heating pipe, described Medium be oil medium or aqueous medium.
The temperature probe of control yeasting temperature incubation function is installed in above-mentioned, inside fermentation tank.
Signified biological deodorizing spray column of the invention is to utilize existing biological decomposition technology, therefore omits statement.
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:Due to the mechanical part without relative motion inside fermentation tank, all relative fortune Dynamic component of machine is all in device external, so maintenance of equipment performance is good and operating cost is low.Whole fermentation process is close Close in space and carry out, the foul smell and moisture that organic materials fermentation process is produced are pumped into deodoration system through induced draught system after processing Discharged after up to standard.In whole processing procedure, no dust, low noise and without foul smell discharge, environmental-protecting performance is good.The present invention is solved The problem of existing organic castoff compost fermentation process technique, realizes closure organic castoff compost and ferments innoxious place Reason, has reached good environmental protection effect, automation, the requirement of industrialized production.It can be widely used for plant's feces of livestock and poultry, kitchen Rubbish, city septic tank enter the sewage sludge harmlessness after excrement rubbish, sewage disposal, recycling treatment.Organic materials after processing becomes For organic fertilizer.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the topology view of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is Fig. 1 left view.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing embodiment, the invention will be further described.
See the closed organic solid waste aerobic fermentation reactor of a kind of swinging shown in Fig. 1 to Fig. 2, including pan feeding portion Point, fermentation part, output section and deodorization part.The pan feeding part of the present invention, including feeding mechanism, with a material bin 1, The charging side of fermentation tank 3 of the bottom of material bin 1 provided with pan feeding auger 14 and corresponding to fermentation part.When organic materials from After material bin 1 enters, sent into fermentation tank 3 and fermented by pan feeding auger 14.It is a fermentation dress positioned at pan feeding part Put, the installation for fermenting is a columnar fermentation tank 3, on the idler pulley 10 of symmetric support on pedestal, in addition to peace Reducing motor 11 on pedestal, being engaged by the gear on reducing motor 11 with the gear ring 5 outside fermentation tank realizes The rotation of fermentation tank 3.Fermentation tank 3 is driven to carry out gyration, so as to drive the organic materials inside fermentation tank 3 to produce Throwing effect is turned over, to meet the supplemental oxygen required for organic materials aerobic fermentation and the effect of radiating.Fermentation tank 3 in above-mentioned Two ends fix equipped with symmetrical closure 7, the closure 7 leaves seal clearance with fermentation tank 3, the rotation of fermentation tank 3 is not interfered Transhipment is dynamic.In the present invention, fixed helical axis 6, aeration unit and heating unit are respectively equipped with inside fermentation tank 3.This implementation Fixed helical axis 6 described in example is arranged on the middle part of fermentation tank 1, is made of stainless steel material.Because fermentation tank 3 is revolved Relative motion is produced when turning between its internal organic materials and the helical axis 6 of fixation, thus produces the function of pusher forward.Separately Outside, what moves parts without, so as to greatly reduce maintenance cost.Because the spiral installed on fixed helical axis 6 adds Heat pipe 4 is inserted directly into inside material, the energy expenditure when conduction efficiency for substantially increasing heat reduces fermentation.The present embodiment will Heating unit and aeration unit are arranged on fixed helical axis 6, and heating unit and aeration unit do not rotate with fermentation tank 3, So that functional reliability is greatly improved, be conducive to improving the dischargeable capacity rate of equipment, plot ratio is up to 70%.Heating in above-mentioned Unit includes medium heating compartment (not illustrating in figure), and medium heating compartment is connected with helical heating pipe 4, described in the present embodiment Medium is oil medium.Aeration unit in above-mentioned includes high pressure positive blower 2, and the high pressure positive blower 2 is connected with aerated conduit 12, described Stomata 13 is distributed with aerated conduit 12.Wind is sent into aerated conduit 12 after high pressure positive blower 2 are started and entered by stomata 13 In fermentation tank 1, aeration progress aerobic fermentation is produced between the organic materials of heating.Due to pacifying on fixed helical axis 6 Dress aerated conduit 12 is inserted directly into inside material, by external high pressure blower fan 2 to aeration in material, fresh air can be made direct Into inside material so that oxygenating efficiency, which is improved, provides good yeasting for aerobic fermentation.In the fermentation tank 3 Opposite side is provided with discharging mechanism.Discharging mechanism described in the present embodiment, including discharging auger 8, in cylinder, set on cylinder There is air-introduced machine, the air-introduced machine is connected by the biological deodorizing spray column of pipeline and peripheral hardware.Because there is air-introduced machine 9 equipment end, bear Air inducing is pressed, prevents internal gas from outflowing, the waste gas produced in fermentation is guided into deodoration system, rear discharge up to standard is handled, it is effectively anti- The environmental pollution that only fermentation gas is caused.In above-mentioned, the thermometric of control yeasting temperature incubation function is installed inside fermentation tank 3 Probe(Do not illustrate in figure).Due to being mounted with temperature probe, yeasting constant temperature is automatically controlled, heat energy in temperature-rise period is reduced Loss.
In above-mentioned, the heating unit is in addition to using oil medium, it would however also be possible to employ aqueous medium.
The present invention, will be pending organic mainly by the closed organic solid waste aerobic fermentation reactor of swinging Solid waste carries out closed aerobic fermentation processing and deodorization under constant temperature, so as to produce organic fertilizer.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of closed organic solid waste aerobic fermentation reactor of swinging, it is characterized in that, including feeding mechanism, fermentation dress Put, drive mechanism, discharging mechanism and deodoration system;
Feeding mechanism, with material bin, is provided with pan feeding auger and feeds side corresponding to fermentation tank inside the material bin;
Installation for fermenting, with fermentation tank, is respectively equipped with fixed helical axis, aeration mechanism, heating system inside the fermentation tank System;
Drive mechanism, including reducing motor, are engaged by the gear on reducing motor with the gear ring in fermentation tank;
Discharging mechanism, including cylinder and the interior discharging auger set, the discharging auger are located at fermentation tank discharging side;
Deodoration system, including air-introduced machine, the air-introduced machine are connected by pipeline with biological deodorizing spray column.
2. the closed organic solid waste aerobic fermentation reactor of swinging according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, aeration Unit includes high pressure positive blower, and the high pressure positive blower is connected with aerated conduit, and stomata is distributed with the aerated conduit.
3. the closed organic solid waste aerobic fermentation reactor of swinging according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, heating Unit includes medium heating compartment, and medium heating compartment is connected with helical heating pipe, and described medium is oil medium or aqueous medium.
4. the closed organic solid waste aerobic fermentation reactor of swinging according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, fermentation Tank interior is provided with the temperature probe of control yeasting temperature incubation function.
5. the closed organic solid waste aerobic fermentation reactor of swinging according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, discharging Mechanism end is provided with air-introduced machine, and the air-introduced machine is connected by pipeline with biological deodorizing spray column.
CN201710506057.2A 2017-06-28 2017-06-28 The closed organic solid waste aerobic fermentation reactor of swinging Pending CN107118000A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710506057.2A CN107118000A (en) 2017-06-28 2017-06-28 The closed organic solid waste aerobic fermentation reactor of swinging

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710506057.2A CN107118000A (en) 2017-06-28 2017-06-28 The closed organic solid waste aerobic fermentation reactor of swinging

Publications (1)

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CN107118000A true CN107118000A (en) 2017-09-01

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110550974A (en) * 2019-08-30 2019-12-10 山东艾派仕环境科技有限公司 Harmless treatment equipment and method for treating livestock and poultry manure by using same
CN111574261A (en) * 2020-05-20 2020-08-25 中鼎特金秦皇岛科技股份有限公司 Fermentation tank for rapidly producing organic fertilizer by organic solid waste

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102443537A (en) * 2011-11-11 2012-05-09 北京中持绿色能源环境技术有限公司 Organic waste aerobic fermentation device and method
CN203128439U (en) * 2013-03-19 2013-08-14 杭州华新机电工程有限公司 Rotary drum type aerobic fermentation treatment device for organic wastes
CN104072226A (en) * 2014-06-27 2014-10-01 现代农装科技股份有限公司 Composting reactor
CN106119105A (en) * 2016-07-11 2016-11-16 湖南屎壳郎环境科技有限公司 A kind of solid high-temperature aerobic fermentation response system and method

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102443537A (en) * 2011-11-11 2012-05-09 北京中持绿色能源环境技术有限公司 Organic waste aerobic fermentation device and method
CN203128439U (en) * 2013-03-19 2013-08-14 杭州华新机电工程有限公司 Rotary drum type aerobic fermentation treatment device for organic wastes
CN104072226A (en) * 2014-06-27 2014-10-01 现代农装科技股份有限公司 Composting reactor
CN106119105A (en) * 2016-07-11 2016-11-16 湖南屎壳郎环境科技有限公司 A kind of solid high-temperature aerobic fermentation response system and method

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110550974A (en) * 2019-08-30 2019-12-10 山东艾派仕环境科技有限公司 Harmless treatment equipment and method for treating livestock and poultry manure by using same
CN111574261A (en) * 2020-05-20 2020-08-25 中鼎特金秦皇岛科技股份有限公司 Fermentation tank for rapidly producing organic fertilizer by organic solid waste

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Effective date of registration: 20190301

Address after: 066300 Qiao Xi village, Liu Shou Ying Town, Funing District, Qinhuangdao, Hebei

Applicant after: Qinhuangdao noxin environmental protection & Technology Co., Ltd.

Address before: 066000 4-1-1203, Hebei, Qinhuangdao

Applicant before: Liu Yafei

TA01 Transfer of patent application right