The closed organic solid waste aerobic fermentation reactor of swinging
The present invention relates to a kind of closed organic solid waste aerobic fermentation reactor of swinging.It can be widely used for plant
Sewage sludge harmlessness, recycling treatment after feces of livestock and poultry, kitchen garbage, city septic tank human excrement rubbish, sewage disposal.After processing
Organic materials be changed into organic fertilizer, available for improved soil and agricultural production.
At present, domestic aerobic fermentation processing organic solid castoff hermetic type aerobic fermentation device mainly has vertical and horizontal two
Vertical enclosed type aerobic fermentation device is that tank body is fixed, and paddle agitating shaft is dialled in inside using dynamic.Due to SOLID ORGANIC
Waste aerobic fermentation corrosivity is strong, working environment compared with.So it is very high to agitating shaft manufacture, installation, seal request, not only easily
Damage and maintenance cost is high.
Sealed horizontal type aerobic fermentation device, has using paddle agitating shaft is dialled, and also has to carry using revolving roll inside and raises
Flitch turns over throwing mode.Using dial paddle agitating shaft its shortcoming ibid.Used using the mode of heating of revolving roll in roller
Inwall is heated, and implements to carry out heating fermentation to organic solid castoff by the inner roller of heating.Because roller is overturn in strip
During, fermentation materials are concentrated mainly on the centre of roller by Action of Gravity Field, and heated fermentation materials are distributed in periphery,
It is difficult to which being transmitted to material center position to be fermented realizes uniform heating.In the case, not only cause heating power big, and
Reduce the thermal efficiency accordingly.In addition, above-mentioned roller material turning mode adds lifting blade mode using inwall, roller it is effective
Plot ratio is less than 50%.Meanwhile, aerator must use rotary part, and its is complicated, and fault rate is high.
The content of the invention
In view of above-mentioned present situation, the invention provides a kind of closed organic solid waste aerobic fermentation reactor of swinging.
It is passed to, in organic waste portion's mode of heating from inside to outside, improve organic solid waste aerobic fermentation reaction speed.Together
When organic castoff compost fermentation harmless treatment and deodorization is carried out under closed environment, reached environmental protection effect it is good, from
The requirement of dynamicization, industrialized production.
The present invention technical solution be：A kind of closed organic solid waste aerobic fermentation reactor of swinging, bag
Include feeding mechanism, installation for fermenting, drive mechanism, discharging mechanism and deodoration system；
Feeding mechanism, with material bin, is provided with pan feeding auger and feeds side corresponding to fermentation tank inside the material bin；
Installation for fermenting, with fermentation tank, is respectively equipped with fixed helical axis, aeration unit, heating list inside the fermentation tank
Drive mechanism, including reducing motor, are engaged by the gear on reducing motor with the gear ring in fermentation tank；
Discharging mechanism, including cylinder and the interior discharging auger set, the discharging auger are located at fermentation tank discharging side；
Deodoration system, including air-introduced machine, the air-introduced machine are connected by pipeline with biological deodorizing spray column.
In above-mentioned, the aeration unit includes high pressure positive blower, and the high pressure positive blower is connected with aerated conduit, the aerated conduit
On stomata is distributed with.
In above-mentioned, the heating unit includes medium heating compartment, and medium heating compartment is connected with helical heating pipe, described
Medium be oil medium or aqueous medium.
The temperature probe of control yeasting temperature incubation function is installed in above-mentioned, inside fermentation tank.
Signified biological deodorizing spray column of the invention is to utilize existing biological decomposition technology, therefore omits statement.
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows：Due to the mechanical part without relative motion inside fermentation tank, all relative fortune
Dynamic component of machine is all in device external, so maintenance of equipment performance is good and operating cost is low.Whole fermentation process is close
Close in space and carry out, the foul smell and moisture that organic materials fermentation process is produced are pumped into deodoration system through induced draught system after processing
Discharged after up to standard.In whole processing procedure, no dust, low noise and without foul smell discharge, environmental-protecting performance is good.The present invention is solved
The problem of existing organic castoff compost fermentation process technique, realizes closure organic castoff compost and ferments innoxious place
Reason, has reached good environmental protection effect, automation, the requirement of industrialized production.It can be widely used for plant's feces of livestock and poultry, kitchen
Rubbish, city septic tank enter the sewage sludge harmlessness after excrement rubbish, sewage disposal, recycling treatment.Organic materials after processing becomes
For organic fertilizer.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the topology view of the present invention；
Fig. 2 is Fig. 1 left view.
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing embodiment, the invention will be further described.
See the closed organic solid waste aerobic fermentation reactor of a kind of swinging shown in Fig. 1 to Fig. 2, including pan feeding portion
Point, fermentation part, output section and deodorization part.The pan feeding part of the present invention, including feeding mechanism, with a material bin 1,
The charging side of fermentation tank 3 of the bottom of material bin 1 provided with pan feeding auger 14 and corresponding to fermentation part.When organic materials from
After material bin 1 enters, sent into fermentation tank 3 and fermented by pan feeding auger 14.It is a fermentation dress positioned at pan feeding part
Put, the installation for fermenting is a columnar fermentation tank 3, on the idler pulley 10 of symmetric support on pedestal, in addition to peace
Reducing motor 11 on pedestal, being engaged by the gear on reducing motor 11 with the gear ring 5 outside fermentation tank realizes
The rotation of fermentation tank 3.Fermentation tank 3 is driven to carry out gyration, so as to drive the organic materials inside fermentation tank 3 to produce
Throwing effect is turned over, to meet the supplemental oxygen required for organic materials aerobic fermentation and the effect of radiating.Fermentation tank 3 in above-mentioned
Two ends fix equipped with symmetrical closure 7, the closure 7 leaves seal clearance with fermentation tank 3, the rotation of fermentation tank 3 is not interfered
Transhipment is dynamic.In the present invention, fixed helical axis 6, aeration unit and heating unit are respectively equipped with inside fermentation tank 3.This implementation
Fixed helical axis 6 described in example is arranged on the middle part of fermentation tank 1, is made of stainless steel material.Because fermentation tank 3 is revolved
Relative motion is produced when turning between its internal organic materials and the helical axis 6 of fixation, thus produces the function of pusher forward.Separately
Outside, what moves parts without, so as to greatly reduce maintenance cost.Because the spiral installed on fixed helical axis 6 adds
Heat pipe 4 is inserted directly into inside material, the energy expenditure when conduction efficiency for substantially increasing heat reduces fermentation.The present embodiment will
Heating unit and aeration unit are arranged on fixed helical axis 6, and heating unit and aeration unit do not rotate with fermentation tank 3,
So that functional reliability is greatly improved, be conducive to improving the dischargeable capacity rate of equipment, plot ratio is up to 70%.Heating in above-mentioned
Unit includes medium heating compartment (not illustrating in figure), and medium heating compartment is connected with helical heating pipe 4, described in the present embodiment
Medium is oil medium.Aeration unit in above-mentioned includes high pressure positive blower 2, and the high pressure positive blower 2 is connected with aerated conduit 12, described
Stomata 13 is distributed with aerated conduit 12.Wind is sent into aerated conduit 12 after high pressure positive blower 2 are started and entered by stomata 13
In fermentation tank 1, aeration progress aerobic fermentation is produced between the organic materials of heating.Due to pacifying on fixed helical axis 6
Dress aerated conduit 12 is inserted directly into inside material, by external high pressure blower fan 2 to aeration in material, fresh air can be made direct
Into inside material so that oxygenating efficiency, which is improved, provides good yeasting for aerobic fermentation.In the fermentation tank 3
Opposite side is provided with discharging mechanism.Discharging mechanism described in the present embodiment, including discharging auger 8, in cylinder, set on cylinder
There is air-introduced machine, the air-introduced machine is connected by the biological deodorizing spray column of pipeline and peripheral hardware.Because there is air-introduced machine 9 equipment end, bear
Air inducing is pressed, prevents internal gas from outflowing, the waste gas produced in fermentation is guided into deodoration system, rear discharge up to standard is handled, it is effectively anti-
The environmental pollution that only fermentation gas is caused.In above-mentioned, the thermometric of control yeasting temperature incubation function is installed inside fermentation tank 3
Probe（Do not illustrate in figure）.Due to being mounted with temperature probe, yeasting constant temperature is automatically controlled, heat energy in temperature-rise period is reduced
In above-mentioned, the heating unit is in addition to using oil medium, it would however also be possible to employ aqueous medium.
The present invention, will be pending organic mainly by the closed organic solid waste aerobic fermentation reactor of swinging
Solid waste carries out closed aerobic fermentation processing and deodorization under constant temperature, so as to produce organic fertilizer.