CN107100005A - 一种丝棉面料防腐抑菌处理工艺 - Google Patents

一种丝棉面料防腐抑菌处理工艺 Download PDF

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CN107100005A
CN107100005A CN201610095704.0A CN201610095704A CN107100005A CN 107100005 A CN107100005 A CN 107100005A CN 201610095704 A CN201610095704 A CN 201610095704A CN 107100005 A CN107100005 A CN 107100005A
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fiber
parts
silk
bamboo fibre
nano
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李伯玉
张蒙
周鹤飞
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Fuyang Aohong Fiber Product Co Ltd
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Abstract

本发明公开了一种丝棉面料防腐抑菌处理工艺,准备原料:纳米二氧化硅0.5-4份、纳米银0.5-4份、聚丙烯25-55份、艾叶炭1-4份、竹纤维35-55份、棉纤维65-85份、芳纶纤维10-35份、纳米甲壳素2-6份、聚己内酯1-5份、熏衣草1-5份、蚕丝纤维8-16份、香蕉纤维22-30份;将竹纤维、棉纤维、芳纶纤维、蚕丝纤维、香蕉纤维常压煮练、热水和冷水循环洗涤、弱酸浸渍、清洗,然后在含有聚丙烯和纳米甲壳素的溶液中处理,再在混合溶液中处理,其中混合溶液中含有纳米二氧化硅、纳米银、艾叶炭、熏衣草,烘干即得。本发明面料柔软贴身、透气性好,具有透气、凉爽、防腐、抗菌、杀菌、抑菌、耐磨,还具有一定的抗拉强度。

Description

一种丝棉面料防腐抑菌处理工艺
技术领域
本发明涉及纺织材料技术领域,具体是一种丝棉面料防腐抑菌处理工艺。
背景技术
随着社会的发展,人们生活水平的提高,人们对生活质量要求越来越高,对穿着舒 适度要求也越来越高。目前衣着类面料很多采用高分子材料制成,对皮肤有刺激性,不利于人体健康,天然的材料不仅价格高而且穿着性能有时候不尽人意。植物纤维是从天然植物中提取的,具有吸湿、透气、环保、无刺激的特点,可以用来制作衣服、家庭装饰等,但是植物纤维存在强度不够高、易破损、弹性不够好、易起皱等缺点,使人感觉不舒服,同时也影响人体的健康,需要进行性能改进。
发明内容
本发明的目的在于提供一种透气、凉爽、抗菌、杀菌、耐磨的丝棉面料防腐抑菌处理工艺,以解决上述背景技术中提出的问题。
为实现上述目的,本发明提供如下技术方案:
一种丝棉面料防腐抑菌处理工艺,包括以下步骤:
1)准备原料:该丝棉面料按照重量份的原料包括:纳米二氧化硅0.5-4份、纳米银0.5-4份、聚丙烯25-55份、艾叶炭1-4份、竹纤维35-55份、棉纤维65-85份、芳纶纤维10-35份、纳米甲壳素2-6份、聚己内酯1-5份、熏衣草1-5份、蚕丝纤维8-16份、香蕉纤维22-30份;
2)将竹纤维、棉纤维、芳纶纤维、蚕丝纤维、香蕉纤维放置在煮纱锅内,常压煮练,煮练6-12h,煮后闷2-4h,然后将煮练后的竹纤维、棉纤维、芳纶纤维、蚕丝纤维、香蕉纤维先在锅内用热水和冷水循环洗涤,出锅后再用冷流水充分洗净;
3)配制温度为34-40℃的弱酸溶液中,pH值为4-6,升温到40-45℃,加入聚己内酯,调整质量浓度为0.05-0.09%,将上述煮练后的竹纤维、棉纤维、芳纶纤维、蚕丝纤维、香蕉纤维浸渍在溶液中,再升温到70-75℃,处理25-30min,再降温到40-48℃,保温10-16min,然后将上述处理过的竹纤维、棉纤维、芳纶纤维、蚕丝纤维、香蕉纤维浸渍在35-40℃的清水中清洗5-9次;
4)将上述水洗好的竹纤维、棉纤维、芳纶纤维、蚕丝纤维、香蕉纤维在含有聚丙烯和纳米甲壳素的溶液中处理25-40min,其中聚丙烯浓度为1.5-2%,纳米甲壳素浓度为1.2-2.0%,处理温度为40-45℃,处理时间为10-18min,浴比为1:28-32,然后将上述处理过的竹纤维、棉纤维、芳纶纤维、蚕丝纤维、香蕉纤维浸渍在38-45℃的清水中清洗5-9次;
5)将步骤4)中水洗后的竹纤维、棉纤维、芳纶纤维、蚕丝纤维、香蕉纤维浸渍在质量浓度为2-5%的混合溶液中处理55-59min,其中混合溶液中含有纳米二氧化硅、纳米银、艾叶炭、熏衣草,处理温度为30-40℃,浴比为1:42-48,然后在温度为120-150℃条件下干燥烘干即得。
作为本发明进一步的方案:步骤1)中,该丝棉面料按照重量份的原料包括:纳米二氧化硅1-2份、纳米银1-2份、聚丙烯30-50份、艾叶炭2-3份、竹纤维40-50份、棉纤维70-80份、芳纶纤维15-30份、纳米甲壳素4-5份、聚己内酯2-4份、熏衣草3-4份、蚕丝纤维10-14份、香蕉纤维25-27份。
作为本发明进一步的方案:步骤2)中,将竹纤维、棉纤维、芳纶纤维、蚕丝纤维、香蕉纤维放置在煮纱锅内,常压煮练,煮练9h,煮后闷3h。
作为本发明进一步的方案:步骤4)中,聚丙烯浓度为1.8%,纳米甲壳素浓度为1.5%,浴比为1:30。
作为本发明进一步的方案:步骤5)中,浴比为1:45。
与现有技术相比,本发明的有益效果是:
本发明面料柔软贴身、透气性好,具有透气、凉爽、防腐、抗菌、杀菌、抑菌、耐磨,还具有一定的抗拉强度,满足了人们对时尚、保健、色彩、舒适等方面的需求,值得推广。
具体实施方式
下面将结合本发明实施例,对本发明实施例中的技术方案进行清楚、完整地描述,显然,所描述的实施例仅仅是本发明一部分实施例,而不是全部的实施例。基于本发明中的实施例,本领域普通技术人员在没有做出创造性劳动前提下所获得的所有其他实施例,都属于本发明保护的范围。
实施例1
本发明实施例中,一种丝棉面料防腐抑菌处理工艺,包括以下步骤:
1)准备原料:该丝棉面料按照重量份的原料包括:纳米二氧化硅0.5份、纳米银0.5份、聚丙烯25份、艾叶炭1份、竹纤维35份、棉纤维65份、芳纶纤维10份、纳米甲壳素2份、聚己内酯1份、熏衣草1份、蚕丝纤维8份、香蕉纤维22份。
2)将竹纤维、棉纤维、芳纶纤维、蚕丝纤维、香蕉纤维放置在煮纱锅内,常压煮练,煮练6h,煮后闷2h,然后将煮练后的竹纤维、棉纤维、芳纶纤维、蚕丝纤维、香蕉纤维先在锅内用热水和冷水循环洗涤,出锅后再用冷流水充分洗净。
3)配制温度为34℃的弱酸溶液中,pH值为4,升温到40℃,加入聚己内酯,调整质量浓度为0.05%,将上述煮练后的竹纤维、棉纤维、芳纶纤维、蚕丝纤维、香蕉纤维浸渍在溶液中,再升温到70℃,处理25min,再降温到40℃,保温10min,然后将上述处理过的竹纤维、棉纤维、芳纶纤维、蚕丝纤维、香蕉纤维浸渍在35℃的清水中清洗5次。
4)将上述水洗好的竹纤维、棉纤维、芳纶纤维、蚕丝纤维、香蕉纤维在含有聚丙烯和纳米甲壳素的溶液中处理25min,其中聚丙烯浓度为1.5%,纳米甲壳素浓度为1.2%,处理温度为40℃,处理时间为10min,浴比为1:28,然后将上述处理过的竹纤维、棉纤维、芳纶纤维、蚕丝纤维、香蕉纤维浸渍在38-45℃的清水中清洗5次。
5)将步骤4)中水洗后的竹纤维、棉纤维、芳纶纤维、蚕丝纤维、香蕉纤维浸渍在质量浓度为2%的混合溶液中处理55min,其中混合溶液中含有纳米二氧化硅、纳米银、艾叶炭、熏衣草,处理温度为30℃,浴比为1:42,然后在温度为120℃条件下干燥烘干即得。
实施例2
本发明实施例中,一种丝棉面料防腐抑菌处理工艺,包括以下步骤:
1)准备原料:该丝棉面料按照重量份的原料包括:纳米二氧化硅4份、纳米银4份、聚丙烯55份、艾叶炭4份、竹纤维55份、棉纤维85份、芳纶纤维35份、纳米甲壳素6份、聚己内酯5份、熏衣草5份、蚕丝纤维16份、香蕉纤维30份。
2)将竹纤维、棉纤维、芳纶纤维、蚕丝纤维、香蕉纤维放置在煮纱锅内,常压煮练,煮练12h,煮后闷4h,然后将煮练后的竹纤维、棉纤维、芳纶纤维、蚕丝纤维、香蕉纤维先在锅内用热水和冷水循环洗涤,出锅后再用冷流水充分洗净。
3)配制温度为40℃的弱酸溶液中,pH值为6,升温到45℃,加入聚己内酯,调整质量浓度为0.09%,将上述煮练后的竹纤维、棉纤维、芳纶纤维、蚕丝纤维、香蕉纤维浸渍在溶液中,再升温到75℃,处理30min,再降温到48℃,保温16min,然后将上述处理过的竹纤维、棉纤维、芳纶纤维、蚕丝纤维、香蕉纤维浸渍在40℃的清水中清洗9次。
4)将上述水洗好的竹纤维、棉纤维、芳纶纤维、蚕丝纤维、香蕉纤维在含有聚丙烯和纳米甲壳素的溶液中处理40min,其中聚丙烯浓度为2%,纳米甲壳素浓度为2.0%,处理温度为45℃,处理时间为18min,浴比为1:32,然后将上述处理过的竹纤维、棉纤维、芳纶纤维、蚕丝纤维、香蕉纤维浸渍在45℃的清水中清洗9次。
5)将步骤4)中水洗后的竹纤维、棉纤维、芳纶纤维、蚕丝纤维、香蕉纤维浸渍在质量浓度为5%的混合溶液中处理59min,其中混合溶液中含有纳米二氧化硅、纳米银、艾叶炭、熏衣草,处理温度为40℃,浴比为1:48,然后在温度为150℃条件下干燥烘干即得。
实施例3
本发明实施例中,一种丝棉面料防腐抑菌处理工艺,包括以下步骤:
1)准备原料:该丝棉面料按照重量份的原料包括:纳米二氧化硅1份、纳米银1份、聚丙烯30份、艾叶炭2份、竹纤维40份、棉纤维70份、芳纶纤维15份、纳米甲壳素4份、聚己内酯2份、熏衣草3份、蚕丝纤维10份、香蕉纤维25份。
2)将竹纤维、棉纤维、芳纶纤维、蚕丝纤维、香蕉纤维放置在煮纱锅内,常压煮练,煮练8h,煮后闷2.5h,然后将煮练后的竹纤维、棉纤维、芳纶纤维、蚕丝纤维、香蕉纤维先在锅内用热水和冷水循环洗涤,出锅后再用冷流水充分洗净。
3)配制温度为36℃的弱酸溶液中,pH值为4.5,升温到42℃,加入聚己内酯,调整质量浓度为0.06%,将上述煮练后的竹纤维、棉纤维、芳纶纤维、蚕丝纤维、香蕉纤维浸渍在溶液中,再升温到71℃,处理26min,再降温到42℃,保温12min,然后将上述处理过的竹纤维、棉纤维、芳纶纤维、蚕丝纤维、香蕉纤维浸渍在36℃的清水中清洗6次。
4)将上述水洗好的竹纤维、棉纤维、芳纶纤维、蚕丝纤维、香蕉纤维在含有聚丙烯和纳米甲壳素的溶液中处理30min,其中聚丙烯浓度为1.6%,纳米甲壳素浓度为1.4%,处理温度为41℃,处理时间为12min,浴比为1:29,然后将上述处理过的竹纤维、棉纤维、芳纶纤维、蚕丝纤维、香蕉纤维浸渍在40℃的清水中清洗8次。
5)将步骤4)中水洗后的竹纤维、棉纤维、芳纶纤维、蚕丝纤维、香蕉纤维浸渍在质量浓度为3%的混合溶液中处理56min,其中混合溶液中含有纳米二氧化硅、纳米银、艾叶炭、熏衣草,处理温度为32℃,浴比为1:44,然后在温度为130℃条件下干燥烘干即得。
实施例4
本发明实施例中,一种丝棉面料防腐抑菌处理工艺,包括以下步骤:
1)准备原料:该丝棉面料按照重量份的原料包括:纳米二氧化硅2份、纳米银2份、聚丙烯50份、艾叶炭3份、竹纤维50份、棉纤维80份、芳纶纤维30份、纳米甲壳素5份、聚己内酯4份、熏衣草4份、蚕丝纤维14份、香蕉纤维27份。
2)将竹纤维、棉纤维、芳纶纤维、蚕丝纤维、香蕉纤维放置在煮纱锅内,常压煮练,煮练10h,煮后闷3.5h,然后将煮练后的竹纤维、棉纤维、芳纶纤维、蚕丝纤维、香蕉纤维先在锅内用热水和冷水循环洗涤,出锅后再用冷流水充分洗净。
3)配制温度为38℃的弱酸溶液中,pH值为5.5,升温到44℃,加入聚己内酯,调整质量浓度为0.08%,将上述煮练后的竹纤维、棉纤维、芳纶纤维、蚕丝纤维、香蕉纤维浸渍在溶液中,再升温到74℃,处理28min,再降温到46℃,保温14min,然后将上述处理过的竹纤维、棉纤维、芳纶纤维、蚕丝纤维、香蕉纤维浸渍在39℃的清水中清洗8次。
4)将上述水洗好的竹纤维、棉纤维、芳纶纤维、蚕丝纤维、香蕉纤维在含有聚丙烯和纳米甲壳素的溶液中处理35min,其中聚丙烯浓度为1.9%,纳米甲壳素浓度为1.8%,处理温度为44℃,处理时间为16min,浴比为1:31,然后将上述处理过的竹纤维、棉纤维、芳纶纤维、蚕丝纤维、香蕉纤维浸渍在42℃的清水中清洗8次。
5)将步骤4)中水洗后的竹纤维、棉纤维、芳纶纤维、蚕丝纤维、香蕉纤维浸渍在质量浓度为4%的混合溶液中处理58min,其中混合溶液中含有纳米二氧化硅、纳米银、艾叶炭、熏衣草,处理温度为38℃,浴比为1:46,然后在温度为140℃条件下干燥烘干即得。
实施例5
本发明实施例中,一种丝棉面料防腐抑菌处理工艺,包括以下步骤:
1)准备原料:该丝棉面料按照重量份的原料包括:纳米二氧化硅1.5份、纳米银1.5份、聚丙烯40份、艾叶炭2份、竹纤维45份、棉纤维75份、芳纶纤维25份、纳米甲壳素4份、聚己内酯3份、熏衣草4份、蚕丝纤维12份、香蕉纤维26份。
2)将竹纤维、棉纤维、芳纶纤维、蚕丝纤维、香蕉纤维放置在煮纱锅内,常压煮练,煮练9h,煮后闷3h,然后将煮练后的竹纤维、棉纤维、芳纶纤维、蚕丝纤维、香蕉纤维先在锅内用热水和冷水循环洗涤,出锅后再用冷流水充分洗净。
3)配制温度为37℃的弱酸溶液中,pH值为5,升温到42℃,加入聚己内酯,调整质量浓度为0.07%,将上述煮练后的竹纤维、棉纤维、芳纶纤维、蚕丝纤维、香蕉纤维浸渍在溶液中,再升温到72℃,处理28min,再降温到44℃,保温13min,然后将上述处理过的竹纤维、棉纤维、芳纶纤维、蚕丝纤维、香蕉纤维浸渍在37℃的清水中清洗7次。
4)将上述水洗好的竹纤维、棉纤维、芳纶纤维、蚕丝纤维、香蕉纤维在含有聚丙烯和纳米甲壳素的溶液中处理30min,其中聚丙烯浓度为1.8%,纳米甲壳素浓度为1.5%,处理温度为43℃,处理时间为14min,浴比为1:30,然后将上述处理过的竹纤维、棉纤维、芳纶纤维、蚕丝纤维、香蕉纤维浸渍在41℃的清水中清洗7次。
5)将步骤4)中水洗后的竹纤维、棉纤维、芳纶纤维、蚕丝纤维、香蕉纤维浸渍在质量浓度为4%的混合溶液中处理57min,其中混合溶液中含有纳米二氧化硅、纳米银、艾叶炭、熏衣草,处理温度为35℃,浴比为1:45,然后在温度为135℃条件下干燥烘干即得。
对于本领域技术人员而言,显然本发明不限于上述示范性实施例的细节,而且在不背离本发明的精神或基本特征的情况下,能够以其他的具体形式实现本发明。因此,无论从哪一点来看,均应将实施例看作是示范性的,而且是非限制性的,本发明的范围由所附权利要求而不是上述说明限定,因此旨在将落在权利要求的等同要件的含义和范围内的所有变化囊括在本发明内。
此外,应当理解,虽然本说明书按照实施方式加以描述,但并非每个实施方式仅包含一个独立的技术方案,说明书的这种叙述方式仅仅是为清楚起见,本领域技术人员应当将说明书作为一个整体,各实施例中的技术方案也可以经适当组合,形成本领域技术人员可以理解的其他实施方式。

Claims (5)

1.一种丝棉面料防腐抑菌处理工艺,其特征在于,包括以下步骤:
1)准备原料:该丝棉面料按照重量份的原料包括:纳米二氧化硅0.5-4份、纳米银0.5-4份、聚丙烯25-55份、艾叶炭1-4份、竹纤维35-55份、棉纤维65-85份、芳纶纤维10-35份、纳米甲壳素2-6份、聚己内酯1-5份、熏衣草1-5份、蚕丝纤维8-16份、香蕉纤维22-30份;
2)将竹纤维、棉纤维、芳纶纤维、蚕丝纤维、香蕉纤维放置在煮纱锅内,常压煮练,煮练6-12h,煮后闷2-4h,然后将煮练后的竹纤维、棉纤维、芳纶纤维、蚕丝纤维、香蕉纤维先在锅内用热水和冷水循环洗涤,出锅后再用冷流水充分洗净;
3)配制温度为34-40℃的弱酸溶液中,pH值为4-6,升温到40-45℃,加入聚己内酯,调整质量浓度为0.05-0.09%,将上述煮练后的竹纤维、棉纤维、芳纶纤维、蚕丝纤维、香蕉纤维浸渍在溶液中,再升温到70-75℃,处理25-30min,再降温到40-48℃,保温10-16min,然后将上述处理过的竹纤维、棉纤维、芳纶纤维、蚕丝纤维、香蕉纤维浸渍在35-40℃的清水中清洗5-9次;
4)将上述水洗好的竹纤维、棉纤维、芳纶纤维、蚕丝纤维、香蕉纤维在含有聚丙烯和纳米甲壳素的溶液中处理25-40min,其中聚丙烯浓度为1.5-2%,纳米甲壳素浓度为1.2-2.0%,处理温度为40-45℃,处理时间为10-18min,浴比为1:28-32,然后将上述处理过的竹纤维、棉纤维、芳纶纤维、蚕丝纤维、香蕉纤维浸渍在38-45℃的清水中清洗5-9次;
5)将步骤4)中水洗后的竹纤维、棉纤维、芳纶纤维、蚕丝纤维、香蕉纤维浸渍在质量浓度为2-5%的混合溶液中处理55-59min,其中混合溶液中含有纳米二氧化硅、纳米银、艾叶炭、熏衣草,处理温度为30-40℃,浴比为1:42-48,然后在温度为120-150℃条件下干燥烘干即得。
2.根据权利要求1所述的丝棉面料防腐抑菌处理工艺,其特征在于,步骤1)中,该丝棉面料按照重量份的原料包括:纳米二氧化硅1-2份、纳米银1-2份、聚丙烯30-50份、艾叶炭2-3份、竹纤维40-50份、棉纤维70-80份、芳纶纤维15-30份、纳米甲壳素4-5份、聚己内酯2-4份、熏衣草3-4份、蚕丝纤维10-14份、香蕉纤维25-27份。
3.根据权利要求1所述的丝棉面料防腐抑菌处理工艺,其特征在于,步骤2)中,将竹纤维、棉纤维、芳纶纤维、蚕丝纤维、香蕉纤维放置在煮纱锅内,常压煮练,煮练9h,煮后闷3h。
4.根据权利要求1所述的丝棉面料防腐抑菌处理工艺,其特征在于,步骤4)中,聚丙烯浓度为1.8%,纳米甲壳素浓度为1.5%,浴比为1:30。
5.根据权利要求1所述的丝棉面料防腐抑菌处理工艺,其特征在于,步骤5)中,浴比为1:45。
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CN105316931A (zh) * 2015-10-21 2016-02-10 吴江耀迪纺织品有限公司 一种能释放负氧离子的抗菌阻燃布料

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