CN107098013B - Cigarette conveying centering device and centering method - Google Patents

Cigarette conveying centering device and centering method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107098013B
CN107098013B CN201710466753.5A CN201710466753A CN107098013B CN 107098013 B CN107098013 B CN 107098013B CN 201710466753 A CN201710466753 A CN 201710466753A CN 107098013 B CN107098013 B CN 107098013B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
conveying
centering
cigarette
baffle
rod
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Application number
CN201710466753.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN107098013A (en
Inventor
曾岩
丁勇
冯海平
林金宝
曾艺平
陈文浩
何辉金
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Tianhai Oukang Science and Technology Information (Xiamen) Co Ltd
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Tianhai Oukang Science and Technology Information (Xiamen) Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201710466753.5A priority Critical patent/CN107098013B/en
Publication of CN107098013A publication Critical patent/CN107098013A/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B57/00Automatic control, checking, warning, or safety devices
    • B65B57/10Automatic control, checking, warning, or safety devices responsive to absence, presence, abnormal feed, or misplacement of articles or materials to be packaged
    • B65B57/14Automatic control, checking, warning, or safety devices responsive to absence, presence, abnormal feed, or misplacement of articles or materials to be packaged and operating to control, or stop, the feed of articles or material to be packaged
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B35/00Supplying, feeding, arranging or orientating articles to be packaged
    • B65B35/30Arranging and feeding articles in groups
    • B65B35/44Arranging and feeding articles in groups by endless belts or chains

Abstract

The invention discloses a cigarette conveying and centering device and a centering method, wherein the cigarette conveying and centering device comprises: the device comprises a conveying device, a grating support arranged on the conveying device, a grating sensor arranged on the grating support, and centering mechanisms positioned on two sides of the conveying device; the centering mechanism comprises a first baffle, an air cylinder arranged on one side, close to the conveying device, of the first baffle, a guide rod inserted in the center of the air cylinder, a second baffle fixedly connected to one end of the guide rod, a connecting rod sequentially penetrating through the first baffle and the second baffle, and a spring sleeved on the connecting rod. The special-shaped cigarette taking and placing device is accurate and rapid in positioning, is beneficial to accurately grabbing special-shaped cigarettes, is simple in structure, and achieves the purposes of reducing the occupied area, saving energy and reducing the cost.

Description

Cigarette conveying centering device and centering method
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of tobacco production, in particular to a cigarette conveying and centering device and a centering method.
Background
The cigarette carton conveying system generally comprises a packaging machine, a detection device, a conveying device, a taking and placing device, a packaging machine and the like, wherein the packaging machine conveys cigarettes to the conveying device through the detection device after completing cigarette carton packaging operation, the taking and placing device is arranged at the tail end of the conveying device, and the cigarette cartons are packaged by the packaging machine after being taken down. Because the size of the special-shaped cigarette is different from that of the common cigarette, the taking and placing device cannot accurately grab the special-shaped cigarette, and if a spider-hand robot or a horizontal multi-joint robot is adopted for grabbing, the cost and the area of the equipment are greatly increased.
Therefore, how to provide a conveying and centering device and a centering method for facilitating the pick-and-place device to accurately grasp a cigarette has become an urgent problem to be solved by those skilled in the art.
Disclosure of Invention
In view of the above, the invention provides a cigarette conveying and centering device and a cigarette conveying and centering method, which are accurate and rapid in positioning, beneficial to the taking and placing device to accurately grasp the special-shaped cigarettes, simple in structure, and capable of achieving the purposes of reducing the occupied area, saving energy and reducing the cost.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention adopts the following technical scheme:
a cigarette carton conveying and centering device, comprising: the grating sensor is arranged on the grating support, and the centering mechanisms are positioned at two sides of the conveying device; the centering mechanism comprises a first baffle, an air cylinder arranged on one side, close to the conveying device, of the first baffle, a guide rod inserted in the center of the air cylinder, a second baffle fixedly connected to one end of the guide rod, a connecting rod sequentially penetrating through the first baffle and the second baffle, and a spring sleeved on the connecting rod.
Preferably, in the cigarette carton conveying pair device, a first conveyor belt and a second conveyor belt are installed on the conveying device, the first conveyor belt is located at the head end of the conveying device, the second conveyor belt is located at the tail end of the conveying device, and a partition plate is arranged at the tail end of the second conveyor belt.
Preferably, in the cigarette carton conveying centering device, a gap is formed between the first conveyor belt and the second conveyor belt.
Preferably, in the cigarette conveying centering device, the grating sensor includes a transmitter and a receiver, the receiver is located right above the gap, and the transmitter is located right below the gap.
Preferably, in the cigarette carton conveying centering device, the air cylinder is inserted into the conveying device and fixed on the conveying device.
Preferably, in the cigarette carton conveying centering device, the spring is positioned at one end of the baffle plate close to the conveying device.
Preferably, in the cigarette carton conveying centering device, a controller is externally connected to the air cylinder, and the controller is electrically connected to the grating sensor.
The utility model provides a centering method is carried to cigarette carton, grating sensor detects out the actual size of cigarette carton on conveyor, through the controller feeds back to centering mechanism, when the actual size of cigarette carton was in the within range of predetermineeing centering mechanism action, the cylinder passes through the guide arm promotes the baffle moves to the outside to, baffle two drives the connecting rod moves to the outside, causes the spring compression, works as the cylinder no longer promotes the guide arm moves to the outside when, under the effect of spring the connecting rod moves to the inboard to push away cigarette carton to conveyor's on the midline.
Preferably, in the cigarette carton conveying and centering method, the connecting rod is slidably connected with the first baffle plate and the second baffle plate through bearings.
Compared with the prior art, the invention discloses and provides a cigarette carton conveying and centering device and a cigarette carton conveying and centering method, and the cigarette carton conveying and centering device has the advantages that:
the grating sensor has the characteristics of high precision, high resolution, dynamic measurement and strong anti-interference capability, so that the grating sensor can accurately detect the length of the special-shaped cigarette without error, feed the length back to the centering mechanism and accurately and quickly respond to the positioning of the centering mechanism; the centering mechanism is arranged on the conveying device, so that the follow-up taking and placing device can accurately grab the special-shaped cigarettes, the use of a spider hand robot or a horizontal multi-joint robot is avoided, the occupied area is reduced, the energy is saved, and the cost is reduced.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present invention or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings used in the description of the embodiments or the prior art will be briefly described below, it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only embodiments of the present invention, and for those skilled in the art, other drawings can be obtained according to the provided drawings without creative efforts.
FIG. 1 is a front view of the present invention.
FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view taken along the plane A-A in FIG. 1.
Figure 3 the accompanying drawing is a side view of the invention.
Fig. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of the centering mechanism of the present invention.
Wherein, in the figure,
1-a conveying device; 2-a grating support; 3-a grating sensor; 4-a centering mechanism; 5, a first baffle plate; 6-cylinder; 7-a guide rod; 8-baffle II; 9-a connecting rod; 10-a spring; 11, a first conveyor belt; 12-transmission belt II; 13-a separator.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
The embodiment of the invention discloses a cigarette conveying and centering device and a cigarette conveying and centering method, which not only adopt a grating sensor to accurately detect the length of a special-shaped cigarette and feed the length back to a centering mechanism and enable the centering mechanism to accurately and rapidly respond to positioning, but also enable a subsequent taking and placing device to accurately grab the special-shaped cigarette by arranging the centering mechanism on a conveying device, thereby not only reducing the occupied area, but also saving energy and reducing the cost.
Referring to fig. 1-4, the present invention provides a cigarette carton conveying and centering device and a centering method, including: the device comprises a conveying device 1, a grating support 2 arranged on the conveying device 1, a grating sensor 3 arranged on the grating support 2, and centering mechanisms 4 positioned on two sides of the conveying device 1.
The grating sensor 3 is in the type of LC032CFPD02G, has the characteristics of high precision, high resolution and strong dynamic measurement and anti-interference capability, can accurately detect the length of the special-shaped cigarette, feeds the length back to the centering mechanism 4, and enables the centering mechanism 4 to accurately and quickly respond to the positioning.
In addition, the centering mechanism 4 is arranged on the conveying device 1, so that the follow-up taking and placing device can accurately grab the special-shaped cigarettes, the use of a spider-hand robot or a horizontal multi-joint robot is avoided, the occupied area is reduced, the energy is saved, and the cost is reduced.
Fig. 4 is a view showing the structure of the centering mechanism 4 on the left side of the drawing of fig. 2, and the centering mechanism 4 on the right side is arranged in the reverse direction of fig. 4.
The centering mechanism 4 comprises a first baffle plate 5, an air cylinder 6 arranged on one side of the first baffle plate 5 close to the conveying device 1, a guide rod 7 inserted in the center of the air cylinder 6, a second baffle plate 8 fixedly connected to one end of the guide rod 7, a connecting rod 9 sequentially penetrating through the first baffle plate 5 and the second baffle plate 8, and a spring 10 sleeved on the connecting rod 9.
Connecting rod 9 on left and right centering mechanism 4 all is provided with 4, under 4 connecting rod 9's combined action, has effectively improved the accuracy of centering, and spring 10 produces certain cushioning effect at the in-process that is used to the strip cigarette in addition, has avoided connecting rod 9 to produce too big pressure and lead to the problem that the strip cigarette damaged to the strip cigarette.
In order to further optimize the technical scheme, a first conveyor belt 11 and a second conveyor belt 12 are installed on the conveying device 1, the first conveyor belt 11 is located at the head end of the conveying device 1, the second conveyor belt 12 is located at the tail end of the conveying device 1, a partition plate 13 is arranged at the tail end of the second conveyor belt 12, and the strip cigarettes are prevented from falling off due to the arrangement of the partition plate 13.
The first conveying belt 11 and the second conveying belt 12 are set to have the same conveying speed, and the conveying speed is matched with the speed of taking and placing cigarettes by a subsequent taking and placing device.
In order to further optimize the technical scheme, the first conveying belt 11 and the second conveying belt 12 are both provided with conveying rails.
The conveying track must ensure that the cigarette carton does not fall off in the conveying process and the centering mechanism 4 can work normally.
In order to further optimize the technical scheme, a gap is arranged between the first conveyor belt 11 and the second conveyor belt 12.
In order to further optimize the above solution, the grating sensor 3 comprises a transmitter and a receiver, the receiver being located directly above the gap and the transmitter being located directly below the gap.
A proper gap is required to be arranged, namely, the cigarette carton is ensured to be freely conveyed in the process of entering the conveyor belt two 12 from the conveyor belt one 11, the phenomenon of blockage is avoided, and the transmitter and the receiver are required to be free from interference in the signal transmission process.
In order to further optimize the above technical solution, the cylinder 6 is inserted into the conveying device 1 and fixed on the conveying device 1.
In order to further optimize the above technical solution, the spring 10 is located at one end of the first baffle 5 close to the conveying device 1.
In order to further optimize the technical scheme, the cylinder 6 is externally connected with a controller, and the controller is electrically connected with the grating sensor 3.
A controller with the model of TPC4-4TD is selected, table setting and Chinese character display are adopted, automatic control of the air cylinder 6 is easily achieved, the anti-interference capability is high, and the reliability is high.
In order to further optimize the technical scheme, the connecting rod 9 is connected with the first baffle plate 5 and the second baffle plate 8 in a sliding mode through bearings.
The working principle is as follows:
firstly, a controller is adopted to set the required size in the conveying process, when a cigarette passes through the grating sensor 3 along with the first conveyor belt 11, the emitter and the receiver act together to detect the actual size of the cigarette, then the receiver transmits a signal to the controller, when the actual size of the cigarette is larger than the set size, the controller does not act on the air cylinder 6, the cigarette enters the second conveyor belt 12 according to the original transmission route, and finally the cigarette is placed into a packaging machine for packaging and packaging through a taking and placing device; when the actual size is equal to or smaller than the set size, the controller controls the cylinder 6 to act, the guide rod 7 is connected with the baffle I5 through the sliding bearing, the guide rod 7 pushes the baffle II 8 to move outwards under the action of the cylinder 6, the baffle II 8 is connected with the connecting rod 9 in a sliding mode, the baffle II 8 drives the connecting rod 9 to move outwards, the spring 10 is compressed, after the spring 10 is compressed to the minimum distance, the spring 10 starts to stretch under the action of elastic force, the connecting rods 9 on the two sides of the conveying device 1 are pushed to move inwards at the same time, the cigarette carton is pushed to the center line of the conveying device 1, and finally the cigarette carton is placed into a packaging machine through the taking and placing device to be packaged.
The previous description of the disclosed embodiments is provided to enable any person skilled in the art to make or use the present invention. Various modifications to these embodiments will be readily apparent to those skilled in the art, and the generic principles defined herein may be applied to other embodiments without departing from the spirit or scope of the invention. Thus, the present invention is not intended to be limited to the embodiments shown herein but is to be accorded the widest scope consistent with the principles and novel features disclosed herein.

Claims (8)

1. A cigarette carton conveying and centering device is characterized by comprising: the grating sensor is arranged on the grating support, and the centering mechanisms are positioned at two sides of the conveying device; the centering mechanism comprises a first baffle, an air cylinder arranged on one side, close to the conveying device, of the first baffle, a guide rod inserted in the center of the air cylinder, a second baffle fixedly connected to one end of the guide rod, a connecting rod sequentially penetrating through the first baffle and the second baffle, and a spring sleeved on the connecting rod.
2. The cigarette carton conveying and centering device as claimed in claim 1, wherein a first conveyor belt and a second conveyor belt are mounted on the conveying device, the first conveyor belt is located at the head end of the conveying device, the second conveyor belt is located at the tail end of the conveying device, and partition plates are arranged at the tail ends of the first conveyor belt and the second conveyor belt.
3. The cigarette conveying and centering device as claimed in claim 2, wherein a gap is formed between the first conveyor belt and the second conveyor belt.
4. A cigarette rod conveying and centering device according to claim 3, wherein the grating sensor comprises a transmitter and a receiver, the receiver is located directly above the gap, and the transmitter is located directly below the gap.
5. The cigarette carton conveying and centering device of claim 1, wherein the air cylinder is inserted into the conveying device and fixed on the conveying device.
6. A cigarette rod conveying and centering device according to claim 1, wherein said spring is located at an end of said blocking plate adjacent to said conveying device.
7. The cigarette carton conveying and centering device of claim 1, wherein a controller is externally connected to the cylinder, and the controller is electrically connected with the grating sensor.
8. The utility model provides a centering method is carried to strip cigarette, its characterized in that, the actual size of the strip cigarette that grating sensor detected out conveyor feeds back to centering mechanism through the controller, and when the actual size of strip cigarette was in the within range of predetermineeing the centering mechanism action, the cylinder promoted the baffle through the guide arm and moved to the outside to, baffle two drive the connecting rod and move to the outside, cause the spring compression, work as the cylinder no longer promotes when the guide arm moves to the outside the effect of spring the connecting rod moves to the inboard under to push away the strip cigarette to conveyor's on the midline.
CN201710466753.5A 2017-06-20 2017-06-20 Cigarette conveying centering device and centering method Active CN107098013B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710466753.5A CN107098013B (en) 2017-06-20 2017-06-20 Cigarette conveying centering device and centering method

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710466753.5A CN107098013B (en) 2017-06-20 2017-06-20 Cigarette conveying centering device and centering method

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN107098013A CN107098013A (en) 2017-08-29
CN107098013B true CN107098013B (en) 2019-12-20

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Family Cites Families (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP3317016B2 (en) * 1994-04-12 2002-08-19 いすゞ自動車株式会社 Centering device for roller conveyor
KR100517014B1 (en) * 2003-03-17 2005-09-27 대우조선해양 주식회사 A turning machine for small materials
CN105059880B (en) * 2015-08-13 2017-04-12 昆明理工大学 Carton centering mechanism of production line conveyor
CN204938280U (en) * 2015-08-24 2016-01-06 苏州赛腾精密电子股份有限公司 Centering positioning mechanism
CN205953038U (en) * 2016-08-25 2017-02-15 佛山市三水新明珠建陶工业有限公司 Be suitable for clap simultaneously centering machine of centering of different specification ceramic chips and multi -disc ceramic chip
CN106742248B (en) * 2017-01-06 2019-09-13 哈工大机器人集团(哈尔滨)华粹智能装备有限公司 Self-service ATM automatic packaging production line and the technology of the package for using the production line

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