CN107079743A - Plant cultivation system with air-cleaning function - Google Patents

Plant cultivation system with air-cleaning function Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107079743A
CN107079743A CN201710187493.8A CN201710187493A CN107079743A CN 107079743 A CN107079743 A CN 107079743A CN 201710187493 A CN201710187493 A CN 201710187493A CN 107079743 A CN107079743 A CN 107079743A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
air
passage
plant
cultivation
carrier
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201710187493.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张家洋
王书丽
董翠月
朱红霞
吴羽晨
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Xinxiang University
Original Assignee
Xinxiang University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Xinxiang University filed Critical Xinxiang University
Priority to CN201710187493.8A priority Critical patent/CN107079743A/en
Publication of CN107079743A publication Critical patent/CN107079743A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/14Greenhouses
    • A01G9/16Dismountable or portable greenhouses ; Greenhouses with sliding roofs
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C23/00Distributing devices specially adapted for liquid manure or other fertilising liquid, including ammonia, e.g. transport tanks, sprinkling wagons
    • A01C23/04Distributing under pressure; Distributing mud; Adaptation of watering systems for fertilising-liquids
    • A01C23/047Spraying of liquid fertilisers
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F8/00Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying
    • F24F8/10Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying by separation, e.g. by filtering
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F8/00Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying
    • F24F8/10Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying by separation, e.g. by filtering
    • F24F8/175Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying by separation, e.g. by filtering using biological materials, plants or microorganisms
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor

Abstract

The invention provides a kind of plant cultivation system with air-cleaning function, including cultivation casing, printing opacity is gone along with sb. to guard him, the light transmitting cover provided with air inlet, the carrier for cultivating plants for having plant in cultivation casing provided with cultivation;Carrier for cultivating plants includes passage of the inside provided with injection spray pipe of coiling multi-turn;One end connection printing opacity of passage goes along with sb. to guard him interior air-in, and the other end of passage is communicated with liquid reserve tank, and the upper end of liquid reserve tank is connected by activated carbon granule passage and suction channel with air purifier, the port of export connection air-out of air purifier;One end of injection spray pipe is connected with atomising device, and Nutrient Mist can be supplied to plant root by injection spray pipe, atomising device.The present invention increases channel distance by the passage of disk together, contact area and the time of room air and root can be increased, so as to be conducive to making the room air to be purified fully be contacted with plant root, and as much as possible play the effect that plant root purifies the air of a room.

Description

Plant cultivation system with air-cleaning function
Technical field
The present invention relates to air cleaning facility field, more particularly to a kind of plant culture system with air-cleaning function System.
Background technology
Determined according to environmental administration, much serious outside the damage ratio room of room air, some indoor pollutions are even higher than outdoor 100 times, this pollution is mainly in the office building of totally enclosed type air-conditioning, office and room.This pollution causes many diseases, damages Victimize health, west is referred to as " room syndrome " (SickBuilding Syndrom), causes the harmful substance of disease The mainly chemical substance such as benzene, formaldehyde, trichloro ethylene, Co and Co2, this several harmful substance is main carcinogen.These The generating source of harmful substance is petrochemicals, such as:Indoor building material, ornament materials, furniture and is set office appliance It is standby, coating, thick china, chemical fibre carpet, various plastic products, various decontamination cleaning solvents, the fine textile of some conjunctions, adhesive, absolutely Edge material, encapsulant, and electronic product, television set, computer, duplicator, refrigerator, smog of smoking and the dirt from outdoor Contaminate air.It is also pathogenesis that closed room air, which is dried,.Disease caused by above harmful chemical has:Weaken immune System, illness in eye, breathing problem, headache, whole body is uncomfortable, distraction, and skin disease is had a bad nose, and fatigue, action is slow It is pure, allergy, cancer.
The old-fashioned air purifier sold at present in China market or even world market substantially has three kinds:Mechanical air Filter, electronic type air cleaner, cation generator.This several effect can not be fully up to expectations, and its common drawback is Filter core must be regularly replaced, because harmful substance can not be decomposed, new pollution sources can be formed after the full harmful substance of filter core product.For This problem is solved, in recent years, people improve the life of room air to being combined with botanical system and microflora to be formed State system is studied, it is found that plant has special efficacy to the air quality for improving closed room, and have to harmful substance point Solution act on, but this special efficacy not in leaf in root.Usual leaf can only Decomposition of benzene 2%, and root can decompose more than 65%. In recent years, scientist also found, some frequently seen plants being capable of almost complete decomposing formaldehyde in a short time, benzene, CO and CO2.Cause This, plant root has been attract attention to the effect for improving air quality.But utilize existing basin case cultivated plant Method, it is difficult to which the room air to be purified fully is contacted with plant root, it is impossible to as much as possible play plant roots Portion purifies the effect of air.
The content of the invention
The purpose of the present invention overcomes above-mentioned problems of the prior art to have air-cleaning function there is provided a kind of Plant cultivation system, can fully be contacted the room air to be purified with plant root, and as much as possible play The effect that plant root purifies the air of a room.
The technical scheme is that:Plant cultivation system with air-cleaning function, including cultivation casing 22, it is described Cultivation casing 22 upper end is covered with printing opacity and goes along with sb. to guard him 1, and the printing opacity goes along with sb. to guard him 1 upper end provided with light transmitting cover 2, and the top of light transmitting cover 2 is provided with Carrier for cultivating plants is provided with air inlet 4 comprising some air admission holes, the cultivation casing 22;The carrier for cultivating plants It is included in the passage 6 of coiling multi-turn in horizontal plane, the passage 6 and is provided with the injection spray pipe 16 moved towards along passage 6, injection spray pipe 16 Some spray holes 17 are provided with the wall of side;Root system of plant is also equipped with the passage 6 and fixes compost 23, the upper surface of passage 6 is opened Provided with plant strain growth through hole 18, plant 3 is cultivated on carrier for cultivating plants by plant strain growth through hole 18;The one of the passage 6 End is connected at printing opacity and goes along with sb. to guard him air-in 5 in 1, the other end of passage 6 and the phase of liquid reserve tank 21 below passage 6 Logical, the upper end of liquid reserve tank 21 is connected with going along with sb. to guard him one end of the activated carbon granule passage 7 outside 1 located at printing opacity, the activated carbon granule The other end of passage 7 is connected by suction channel with the arrival end of air purifier 9, and exhauster(-tor is provided with the suction channel 8, the port of export connection air-out 10 of the air purifier 9;One end of injection spray pipe 16 in the passage 6 is filled with atomization The outlet for putting 12 is connected, other end closing;The entrance of atomising device 12 is connected with the outlet of suction pump 11, and the suction pump 11 is consolidated Due to the bottom of liquid reserve tank 21 and it is submerged in nutrient solution, the liquid reserve tank 21 and the filling opening 13 on the cultivation side wall of casing 22 Connection.
It is preferred that the activated carbon granule passage 7 is also with cultivating the space phase below the carrier for cultivating plants in casing 22 It is logical.
It is preferred that the plant cultivation system should with air-cleaning function also includes power module, microprocessor, it is described micro- Processor is connected by aspirating switch pump, atomising device switch with suction pump 11, the signal of atomising device 12 respectively, the microprocessor Device is also connected with the signal of humidity sensor 19, and the humidity sensor 19 is in the passage 6 of carrier for cultivating plants, micro- place Reason device is electrically connected with power module.
It is preferred that it is described cultivation casing 22 in carrier for cultivating plants below space in be additionally provided with support 15, support 15 Ultraviolet disinfecting 14 is provided with, ultraviolet disinfecting 14 is by sterilizing lamp switch and power electric connection.
It is preferred that the carrier for cultivating plants lower section in the cultivation casing 22 is additionally provided with the taper collection connected with liquid reserve tank 21 Tank 20.
It is preferred that the suction switch pump, atomising device switch are relay switch.
Beneficial effects of the present invention:There is provided a kind of plant culture system with air-cleaning function in the embodiment of the present invention System, including cultivation casing 22, printing opacity go along with sb. to guard him 1, and light transmitting cover 2, the top of light transmitting cover 2 is provided with air inlet 4, cultivates casing 22 It is interior to be provided with carrier for cultivating plants;Carrier for cultivating plants is included in the passage 6 of coiling multi-turn in horizontal plane, passage 6 provided with spraying Pipe 16;Passage 6 is built-in with root system of plant and fixes compost 23, and the upper surface of passage 6 offers plant strain growth through hole 18;Passage 6 One end be connected at printing opacity and go along with sb. to guard him air-in 5 in 1, the other end of passage 6 is communicated with liquid reserve tank 21, liquid reserve tank 21 Upper end is connected by activated carbon granule passage 7 and suction channel with air purifier 9, the port of export connection of air purifier 9 Air-out 10;One end of injection spray pipe 16 is connected with the outlet of atomising device 12, by injection spray pipe 16, atomising device 12 and is matched somebody with somebody Nutrient Mist can be supplied to plant root by closing suction pump 11;By the swabbing action of suction channel, room air can be made Gone along with sb. to guard him in 1, and then carried out by air-in 5, then by passage 6 and plant root into printing opacity by air inlet 4 Fully contact, finally again by being discharged to interior after the purification of air purifier 9, can be supplied by injection spray pipe 16 to plant root Answer moisture and nutriment.The present invention increases channel distance by the passage 6 of disk together, can increase room air and root Contact area and time, so that be conducive to making the room air to be purified fully be contacted with plant root, and maximum to the greatest extent The effect that plant root purifies the air of a room may be played.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of one section of passage of the carrier for cultivating plants of the present invention.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, the specific embodiment of the present invention is described in detail, it is to be understood that of the invention Protection domain do not limited by embodiment.
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, the embodiments of the invention provide a kind of plant cultivation system with air-cleaning function, bag Cultivation casing 22 is included, cultivation casing 22 upper end is covered with printing opacity and goes along with sb. to guard him 1, and the printing opacity goes along with sb. to guard him 1 upper end provided with light transmitting cover 2, The top of light transmitting cover 2 is provided with the air inlet 4 comprising some air admission holes, the cultivation casing 22 and carried provided with plant culture Body;The carrier for cultivating plants, which is included in the passage 6 of coiling multi-turn in horizontal plane, the passage 6, is provided with what is moved towards along passage 6 Some spray holes 17 are provided with injection spray pipe 16, the side wall of injection spray pipe 16;Root system of plant is also equipped with the passage 6 and fixes compost 23, the upper surface of passage 6 offers plant strain growth through hole 18, and plant 3 is cultivated by plant strain growth through hole 18 and carried in plant culture On body;One end of the passage 6 is connected at printing opacity and goes along with sb. to guard him air-in 5 in 1, the other end of passage 6 with positioned at passage 6 The liquid reserve tank 21 of lower section is communicated, and the upper end of liquid reserve tank 21 connects with going along with sb. to guard him one end of the activated carbon granule passage 7 outside 1 located at printing opacity Logical, the other end of the activated carbon granule passage 7 is connected by suction channel with the arrival end of air purifier 9, the suction Exhauster(-tor 8, the port of export connection air-out 10 of the air purifier 9 are provided with passage;Spraying in the passage 6 One end of pipe 16 is connected with the outlet of atomising device 12, other end closing;The entrance of atomising device 12 and the outlet of suction pump 11 Connection, the suction pump 11 is fixed on the bottom of liquid reserve tank 21 and is submerged in nutrient solution, and the liquid reserve tank 21 is with being located at cultivation case Filling opening 13 on the side wall of body 22 is connected.The present embodiment is by injection spray pipe 16, atomising device 12 and coordinates suction pump 11 can be to Nutrient Mist is supplied in plant root;By the swabbing action of suction channel, room air can be made to enter by air inlet 4 Enter printing opacity to go along with sb. to guard him in 1, and then by air-in 5, then fully contacted with plant root by passage 6, finally led to again Interior is discharged to after the purification for crossing air purifier 9, moisture and nutriment can be supplied to plant root by injection spray pipe 16.This hair It is bright that channel distance is increased by the passage 6 of disk together, contact area and the time of room air and root can be increased, from And be conducive to making the room air to be purified fully be contacted with plant root, and it is net as much as possible to play plant root Change the effect of room air.
Further, the activated carbon granule passage 7 is also with cultivating the space below the carrier for cultivating plants in casing 22 Communicate.
Further, the plant cultivation system should with air-cleaning function also includes power module, microprocessor, described Microprocessor is connected by aspirating switch pump, atomising device switch with suction pump 11, the signal of atomising device 12 respectively, micro- place Reason device is also connected with the signal of humidity sensor 19, and the humidity sensor 19 is described micro- in the passage 6 of carrier for cultivating plants Processor is electrically connected with power module.Microprocessor receives the humidity value signal that humidity sensor 19 is transmitted, with set Humidity value lower limit be compared after, if less than the humidity value lower limit of setting, microprocessor opens suction pump and atomization is filled Put, supply moisture is carried out to plant root, when humidity sensor 19 transmits the humidity value come higher than set humidity value, Then microprocessor control and suck pump and atomising device are stopped.Microprocessor can be MSP430 single-chip microcomputers or model OMRON CP1E-N20DR-D PLC.
Further, support 15, support are additionally provided with the space below the carrier for cultivating plants in the cultivation casing 22 15 are provided with ultraviolet disinfecting 14, and ultraviolet disinfecting 14 is by sterilizing lamp switch and power electric connection.Can by ultraviolet disinfecting To be carried out disinfection to plant root, carrier for cultivating plants, so as to also be sterilized to air.
Further, it is additionally provided with the taper connected with liquid reserve tank 21 below the carrier for cultivating plants in the cultivation casing 22 Water leg 20.
Further, the suction switch pump, atomising device switch are relay switch.
In summary, a kind of plant cultivation system with air-cleaning function provided in an embodiment of the present invention, including plant Training casing 22, printing opacity goes along with sb. to guard him 1, and light transmitting cover 2, the top of light transmitting cover 2 is provided with air inlet 4, and interior be provided with of cultivation casing 22 is planted Thing cultivates carrier;Carrier for cultivating plants, which is included in the passage 6 of coiling multi-turn in horizontal plane, passage 6, is provided with injection spray pipe 16;Passage 6, which are built-in with root system of plant, fixes compost 23, and the upper surface of passage 6 offers plant strain growth through hole 18;One end connection of passage 6 The air-in 5 in 1 is gone along with sb. to guard him located at printing opacity, the other end of passage 6 is communicated with liquid reserve tank 21, and the upper end of liquid reserve tank 21 passes through work Property charcoal particle path 7 and suction channel be connected with air purifier 9, the port of export connection air-out of air purifier 9 10;One end of injection spray pipe 16 is connected with the outlet of atomising device 12, by injection spray pipe 16, atomising device 12 and coordinates suction pump 11 Nutrient Mist can be supplied to plant root;By the swabbing action of suction channel, room air can be made to enter by air Gas port 4 is gone along with sb. to guard him in 1 into printing opacity, and then by air-in 5, then is fully contacted with plant root by passage 6, most Afterwards again by being discharged to interior after the purification of air purifier 9, moisture can be supplied to plant root by injection spray pipe 16 and is supported Material.The present invention increases channel distance by the passage 6 of disk together, can increase room air and root contact area and Time, so as to be conducive to making the room air to be purified fully be contacted with plant root, and as much as possible play plant The effect that thing root purifies the air of a room.
Disclosed above is only several specific embodiments of the present invention, and still, the embodiment of the present invention is not limited to this, is appointed What what those skilled in the art can think change should all fall into protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. the plant cultivation system with air-cleaning function, including cultivation casing (22), it is characterised in that the cultivation casing (22) upper end is covered with printing opacity and gone along with sb. to guard him (1), and the printing opacity goes along with sb. to guard him (1) upper end provided with light transmitting cover (2), and light transmitting cover (2) top is set Have in the air inlet (4) for including some air admission holes, the cultivation casing (22) and be provided with carrier for cultivating plants;The plant is planted Training carrier, which is included in the passage (6) of coiling multi-turn in horizontal plane, the passage (6), is provided with the injection spray pipe moved towards along passage (6) (16) some spray holes (17), are provided with the side wall of injection spray pipe (16);Root system of plant is also equipped with the passage (6) and fixes culture Native (23), the upper surface of passage (6) offers plant strain growth through hole (18), and plant (3) is cultivated by plant strain growth through hole (18) On carrier for cultivating plants;One end of the passage (6) is connected at printing opacity and goes along with sb. to guard him air-in (5) in (1), passage (6) the other end is communicated with the liquid reserve tank (21) below passage (6), and the upper end of liquid reserve tank (21) located at printing opacity with going along with sb. to guard him (1) one end connection of activated carbon granule passage (7) outside, the other end of the activated carbon granule passage (7) passes through suction channel It is connected with the arrival end of air purifier (9), exhauster(-tor (8) is provided with the suction channel, the air purifier (9) Port of export connection air-out (10);One end of injection spray pipe (16) in the passage (6) and the outlet of atomising device (12) Connection, other end closing;The entrance of atomising device (12) is connected with the outlet of suction pump (11), and the suction pump (11) is fixed on Liquid reserve tank (21) bottom is simultaneously submerged in nutrient solution, the liquid reserve tank (21) and the filling opening on cultivation casing (22) side wall (13) connect.
2. there is the plant cultivation system of air-cleaning function as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the activated carbon Grain passage (7) is also communicated with the space below the carrier for cultivating plants in cultivation casing (22).
3. there is the plant cultivation system of air-cleaning function as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that there should be air net Changing the plant cultivation system of function also includes power module, microprocessor, and the microprocessor is respectively by aspirating switch pump, mist Makeup is put switch and is connected with suction pump (11), atomising device (12) signal, and the microprocessor is also believed with humidity sensor (19) Number connection, the humidity sensor (19) is in the passage (6) of carrier for cultivating plants, the microprocessor and power module electricity Connection.
4. there is the plant cultivation system of air-cleaning function as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that the cultivation casing (22) support (15) is additionally provided with the space below carrier for cultivating plants in, support (15) is provided with ultraviolet disinfecting (14), Ultraviolet disinfecting (14) is by sterilizing lamp switch and power electric connection.
5. there is the plant cultivation system of air-cleaning function as claimed in claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that the cultivation The taper water leg (20) connected with liquid reserve tank (21) is additionally provided with below carrier for cultivating plants in casing (22).
6. there is the plant cultivation system of air-cleaning function as claimed in claim 3, it is characterised in that the suction pump is opened Close, atomising device switch is relay switch.
CN201710187493.8A 2017-03-27 2017-03-27 Plant cultivation system with air-cleaning function Pending CN107079743A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710187493.8A CN107079743A (en) 2017-03-27 2017-03-27 Plant cultivation system with air-cleaning function

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710187493.8A CN107079743A (en) 2017-03-27 2017-03-27 Plant cultivation system with air-cleaning function

Publications (1)

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CN107079743A true CN107079743A (en) 2017-08-22

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108488906A (en) * 2018-03-13 2018-09-04 何德学 A kind of air cleaning and environment-friendly device
CN110331094A (en) * 2019-05-15 2019-10-15 象山罗雅电子科技有限公司 A kind of plant cell reactor
US10921003B2 (en) 2018-10-19 2021-02-16 National Tsing Hua University Self-power air refresher system

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108488906A (en) * 2018-03-13 2018-09-04 何德学 A kind of air cleaning and environment-friendly device
CN108488906B (en) * 2018-03-13 2020-09-29 武汉茂锋建设集团有限公司 Air purification environment-friendly device
US10921003B2 (en) 2018-10-19 2021-02-16 National Tsing Hua University Self-power air refresher system
CN110331094A (en) * 2019-05-15 2019-10-15 象山罗雅电子科技有限公司 A kind of plant cell reactor

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