CN106984403A - A kind of reducing mechanism and its breaking method for being used to handle municipal refuse - Google Patents

A kind of reducing mechanism and its breaking method for being used to handle municipal refuse Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106984403A
CN106984403A CN201710360456.2A CN201710360456A CN106984403A CN 106984403 A CN106984403 A CN 106984403A CN 201710360456 A CN201710360456 A CN 201710360456A CN 106984403 A CN106984403 A CN 106984403A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
knife rest
pulverizing chamber
chamber
reducing mechanism
tooth
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201710360456.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106984403B (en
Inventor
蔡璟
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
CHANGSHU YONGXIN PRINTING & DYEING Co.,Ltd.
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Suzhou Liang Lei Intellectual Property Operation Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201710360456.2A priority Critical patent/CN106984403B/en
Publication of CN106984403A publication Critical patent/CN106984403A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN106984403B publication Critical patent/CN106984403B/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/08Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within vertical containers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/16Details
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/16Details
    • B02C18/18Knives; Mountings thereof
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/16Details
    • B02C18/22Feed or discharge means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C21/00Disintegrating plant with or without drying of the material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/18Adding fluid, other than for crushing or disintegrating by fluid energy
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C25/00Control arrangements specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B03SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS OR USING PNEUMATIC TABLES OR JIGS; MAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03CMAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03C1/00Magnetic separation
    • B03C1/02Magnetic separation acting directly on the substance being separated
    • B03C1/30Combinations with other devices, not otherwise provided for
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C2201/00Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials
    • B02C2201/06Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials for garbage, waste or sewage

Abstract

A kind of reducing mechanism for being used to handle municipal refuse, including charging aperture, conveyer belt, crushing chamber, discharging opening and processor, it is used for conveyer belt in connection charging aperture and crushing chamber, the first pulverizing chamber and the second pulverizing chamber are provided with crushing chamber, first pulverizing chamber is located above the second pulverizing chamber with the second pulverizing chamber vertical distribution and the first pulverizing chamber, knife rest is provided with first pulverizing chamber, knife rest is provided with the hanged hook of some Heterogeneous Permutations, some blades for hanging on outside knife rest and being used to grind up the refuse are additionally provided with knife rest, blade passes through iron chains and suspension hook connects, second crushing chamber interior walls are provided with some first straight-tooth, turntable is provided with second pulverizing chamber, turntable side is provided with some second straight-tooth, second straight-tooth is spaced with the first straight-tooth, for further grinding up the refuse, turntable is connected with knife rest, driven and rotated together by knife rest, crushing chamber bottom is provided with drainage line, drainage line connects discharge gate, reducing mechanism is discharged for the rubbish finished will to be crushed.

Description

A kind of reducing mechanism and its breaking method for being used to handle municipal refuse
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of reducing mechanism, and in particular to a kind of reducing mechanism and its crushing for being used to handle municipal refuse Method.
Background technology
As economic continues to develop, the level of consumption of people also more and more higher, domestic waste is also and then increasingly Many, China just produces nearly 1.5 hundred million tons of municipal refuses every year.Current Municipal Solid Waste in China accumulation volume of cargo in storage is up to 7,000,000,000 tons. Predicted according to State Environmental Protection Administration, the municipal refuse annual production of the year two thousand twenty China is up to 2.1 hundred million tons.If dealing with improperly, it can give People bring extremely serious harm.
In recent years, country pays much attention to environmental protection problem, and considerable hair has been obtained in house refuse and sewage preventing and controlling Exhibition, however, while China's municipal refuse yield is continuously increased, the classification of house refuse is reclaimed and disposal ability and development Level relatively lags behind, that is, China's Prediction for Solid Waste Treatment Technology is very weak, and the processing of Prediction for Solid Waste Treatment Technology selection is past Toward the problem of a urban garbage disposal is turned into, present garbage pulverator is carried out using special garbage pulverator mostly Crush, still, the big multipair rubbish of present garbage pulverator is crushed not uniform enough, and crushing effect is poor, has influence on rubbish follow-up Processing, and grinder blade design is not reasonable, causes blade easily to grind and inconvenient maintenance.
The content of the invention
Goal of the invention:To solve problem present in background technology, it is used to handle city the embodiments of the invention provide one kind The reducing mechanism and its breaking method of city's rubbish.
Technical scheme:A kind of reducing mechanism for being used to handle municipal refuse, including charging aperture, conveyer belt, crushing chamber, discharging Mouth and processor, the charging aperture are used for garbage throwing, described used for conveyer belt in the connection charging aperture and the crushing chamber, The rubbish of dispensing is delivered into crushing chamber to carry out being provided with the first pulverizing chamber and the second crushing in pulverization process, the crushing chamber Room, first pulverizing chamber is located in second pulverizing chamber with the second pulverizing chamber vertical distribution and first pulverizing chamber Knife rest is provided with side, first pulverizing chamber, the knife rest is provided with the hanged hook of some Heterogeneous Permutations, the knife rest also Being provided with some hang on is used for the blades that grind up the refuse outside knife rest, the blade by iron chains and the suspension hook connects, The knife rest center is provided with axis hole, and the axis hole is connected with power transmission shaft, and the power transmission shaft is through transmission mechanism and motor connection, by institute Motor driving is stated, the second crushing chamber interior walls are provided with some first straight-tooth, and first straight-tooth grinds up the refuse for cooperation, Be provided with turntable in second pulverizing chamber, the turntable side is provided with some second straight-tooth, second straight-tooth with it is described First straight-tooth is spaced, for further grinding up the refuse, and the turntable is connected with the knife rest, is driven and turned together by knife rest Dynamic, the crushing chamber bottom is provided with drainage line, and the drainage line connects the discharge gate, for will crush the rubbish finished Rubbish discharges reducing mechanism.
As a kind of preferred embodiment of the present invention, the top cover directly over the crushing chamber sets activated carbon adsorption layer, is used for The waste odor that absorption crushing chamber comes out.
As a kind of preferred embodiment of the present invention, the first crushing chamber interior walls are provided with electromagnet, and electricity is produced after energization Magnetic, adsorbs ironwork;The motor driving knife rest rotation, the knife rest band cutting blade rotates, and described first crushes chamber interior walls pair Blade produces absorption affinity.
As the present invention a kind of preferred embodiment, the turntable be divided into above and below two parts, upper part be surface it is smooth Cone;Lower part is the cylinder that outer surface is provided with second straight-tooth.
As a kind of preferred embodiment of the present invention, humidity sensor is provided with second pulverizing chamber, the humidity is passed Sensor is connected with the processor, for detecting that described second crushes indoor air humidity.
As a kind of preferred embodiment of the present invention, water injector, the water injector are provided with second pulverizing chamber It is connected with the processor, the water injector is sprayed water to the turntable.
As a kind of preferred embodiment of the present invention, the crushing chamber bottom sets touch force sensor, the touch force sensor It is connected with processor, for measuring pressure of the crushing chamber bottom by crushed material.
It is used as a kind of preferred embodiment of the present invention, including following job step:
a), rubbish put into the charging aperture, rubbish is sent to crushing chamber with conveyer belt;
b), motor drive knife rest rotation, while charged to electromagnet, knife rest at a high speed rotation when, can drive thereon Iron chains is rotated with blade, and rubbish is carried out preliminary crushing by blade rotation, and crushed material is fallen in the second pulverizing chamber;
c), crushed material slid to the cavity before turntable and the second pulverizing chamber in second pulverizing chamber with smooth circular conical surface Interior, the rotation of the second straight-tooth is finally crushed to crushed material in the cavity;
d), crushed material reducing mechanism is discharged by drainage line.
It is used as a kind of preferred embodiment of the present invention, step b)Also include:Motor drives the knife rest rotation, while to electromagnetism Iron is charged, the ironwork remained in electromagnet absorption rubbish thing.
It is used as a kind of preferred embodiment of the present invention, step c)Also include:A safe humidity value is preset, humidity sensor is real When detect the air humidity in the second pulverizing chamber and send it to processor, processor judges powder according to the humidity value received Mince form, if the humidity value received is more than safe humidity value, to water injector output water spray signal, the water injector Moist crushed material is rinsed;Crushed material is dropped and produces pressure to crushing chamber bottom, and detected value is sent to by touch force sensor Processor, if processor control water injector and motor are stopped when detecting to drop there is no crushed material.It is of the invention real Existing following beneficial effect:Blade is connected with knife rest by iron chains in the present invention, and iron chains can be easily from the hanged hook on knife rest Remove, if blade abrasion seriously if facilitate and changed, when the present invention does not work, blade is suspended on knife rest with iron chains, Reducing mechanism will not be scratched when being overhauled by blade.Rubbish can further be ground in second pulverizing chamber of the invention, Crushed material is washed away by water injector water spray, prevents from causing line clogging.
Brief description of the drawings
Accompanying drawing herein is merged in specification and constitutes the part of this specification, shows the implementation for meeting the disclosure Example, and be used in specification to explain the principle of the disclosure together.Fig. 1 for the present invention provide it is a kind of be used for handle municipal refuse Reducing mechanism structural representation;
The cutter frame structure schematic diagram that Fig. 2 provides for the present invention;
A kind of breaking method schematic diagram for being used to handle municipal refuse that Fig. 3 provides for the present invention.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the embodiment of the present invention, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is carried out clear, complete Site preparation is described, it is clear that described embodiment is only a part of embodiment of the invention, rather than whole embodiments.
Embodiment one
As shown in figure 1, the present embodiment provide it is a kind of be used to handling the reducing mechanism of municipal refuse, including charging aperture 1, conveyer belt 2, Crushing chamber 3, discharging opening 4 and processor 5, the charging aperture 1 are used for garbage throwing, the conveyer belt 2 be used to connecting it is described enter Material mouth 1 and the crushing chamber 3, deliver to crushing chamber 3 by the rubbish of dispensing and be provided with pulverization process, the crushing chamber 3 the One pulverizing chamber 6 and the second pulverizing chamber 7, first pulverizing chamber 6 and the vertical distribution of the second pulverizing chamber 7 and first powder Broken room 6, which is located in the top of the second pulverizing chamber 7, first pulverizing chamber 6, is provided with knife rest 8, and the knife rest 8 is provided with some Some blades 10 for hanging on outside knife rest 8 and being used to grind up the refuse, institute are additionally provided with the hanged hook 9 of Heterogeneous Permutation, the knife rest 8 State blade 10 to be connected with the hanged hook 9 by iron chains 11, axis hole, the axis hole and power transmission shaft are provided with the center of knife rest 8 Connection, the power transmission shaft is driven through transmission mechanism and motor connection by the motor, and the inwall of the second pulverizing chamber 7 is provided with Some first straight-tooth 12, first straight-tooth 12 is ground up the refuse for cooperation, and turntable 13 is provided with second pulverizing chamber 7, The side of turntable 13 is provided with some second straight-tooth 14, and second straight-tooth 14 is spaced with first straight-tooth 12, uses In further grinding up the refuse, the turntable 13 is connected with the knife rest 8, is driven and rotated together by knife rest 8, the bottom of crushing chamber 3 Portion is provided with drainage line 15, and the drainage line 15 connects the discharge gate, and crushing is discharged for that will crush the rubbish finished Device.Top cover directly over the crushing chamber 3 sets activated carbon adsorption layer 16, for adsorbing the rubbish that crushing chamber 3 comes out Peculiar smell.13 points of the turntable is two parts up and down, and upper part is the smooth cone in surface;Lower part is set for outer surface There is the cylinder of second straight-tooth 14.
Specifically, staff puts into rubbish from charging aperture 1, and rubbish is transported to crushing chamber 3, institute with conveyer belt 2 The effect for stating conveyer belt 2 is the time for delaying rubbish to enter crushing chamber 3, if rubbish is direct plungeed into crushing chamber 3, can cause powder Rubbish is blocked in broken chamber 3 and rubbish crushes uneven, and the length that the conveyer belt 2 is set has workload decision, if desired locates The rubbish of reason, which is crossed, at most sets longer conveyer belt 2, and if desired handling a small amount of rubbish then can suitably reduce the length of conveyer belt 2 Degree.Some perishable fruit and vegetables are included in house refuse, these perishable rubbish can produce unpleasant peculiar smell after crushing, Peculiar smell will be more serious during heat, in order to not influence air ambient and improve the working environment of staff, in crushing chamber 3 The top cover of surface is provided with activated carbon adsorption layer 16, and the activated carbon adsorption layer 16 selects high grade activated carbon, with extremely strong Adsorption capacity, peculiar smell rises from after rubbish crushing from crushing chamber 3, and activated carbon adsorption layer 16 is absorbed, and the top cover can be beaten Open, be convenient for changing activated carbon adsorption layer 16.Rubbish falls into the second pulverizing chamber 7 of underface after being crushed in the first pulverizing chamber 6, the Two pulverizing chambers 7 are used to further grind crushed material carefully, have the turntable 13 being connected with knife rest 8, motor in the second pulverizing chamber 7 Power transmission shaft rotation is driven, power transmission shaft band movable knife rack 8 rotates, and knife rest 8 drives turntable 13 to rotate, 13 points of the turntable is two up and down Point, upper part is the smooth cone in surface;Lower part is the cylinder that outer surface is provided with the second straight-tooth 14, cone Top is connected with knife rest 8, and crushed material can be snapped down to along circular cone body side surface in the cavity before turntable 13 and crushing chamber 3, institute State and some first straight-tooth 12 for being fixed on the inwall of crushing chamber 3 are provided with cavity, when turntable 13 is rotated, the second of cylindrical sides Straight-tooth 14 rubs with the first straight-tooth 12, works in coordination and further grinds crushed material carefully, crushed material passes through the quilt of drainage line 15 Discharge reducing mechanism.
Embodiment two
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, knife rest 8 is provided with first pulverizing chamber 6, the knife rest 8 is provided with some Heterogeneous Permutations Some blades 10 for hanging on outside knife rest 8 and being used to grind up the refuse are additionally provided with hanged hook 9, the knife rest 8, the blade 10 leads to Cross iron chains 11 to be connected with the hanged hook 9, axis hole is provided with the center of knife rest 8, the axis hole is connected with power transmission shaft, it is described to pass Moving axis is driven through transmission mechanism and motor connection by the motor, and the inwall of the first pulverizing chamber 6 is provided with electromagnet 17, is led to Electromagnetism is produced after electricity, ironwork is adsorbed;Motor driving knife rest 8 rotates, and the knife rest 8 rotates with cutting blade 10, and described the The inwall of one pulverizing chamber 6 produces absorption affinity to blade 10.
Specifically, blade 10 uses high-quality steel in the present invention, with good sharpness and wearability, the blade 10 Two ends are put the first edge on a knife or a pair of scissors, when reducing mechanism works, and motor driving power transmission shaft rotation, power transmission shaft band movable knife rack 8 rotates, iron chains 11 and blade 10 By centrifugal forces affect, rotation is by rubbish preliminary crushing in the first pulverizing chamber 6, and knife rest 8 rotates faster, iron chains 11 and the institute of blade 10 Bigger by centrifugal force, crushing effect is better;Motor is charged while driving power transmission shaft to electromagnet 17, and electromagnet 17 is produced after being powered Raw electromagnetism, there is adsorption function to ironwork, and the electromagnet 17 mainly has two functions, and first, after garbage sorting, input Rubbish in still have fraction iron refuse or iron filings, this part rubbish it is more difficult crush, easily cause the damage of blade 10 The blocking of bad and pipeline, electromagnet 17 can separate iron refuse from garbage mixture, the ironwork being collected into Can be with recycling;Second, electromagnet 17 has suction-operated to blade 10, and blade 10 can be made to rotate faster, carried High crush efficiency.
Embodiment three
As shown in figure 3, a kind of breaking method for being used to handle the reducing mechanism of municipal refuse, including following job step:
a), rubbish put into the charging aperture 1, rubbish is sent to crushing chamber 3 with conveyer belt 2;
b), motor drive the knife rest 8 to rotate, while being charged to electromagnet 17, when knife rest 8 rotates at a high speed, it can be driven On iron chains 11 rotated with blade 10, blade 10 rotates carries out preliminary crushing by rubbish, and crushed material falls to the second pulverizing chamber 7 It is interior;
c), crushed material slid to the sky before the pulverizing chamber 7 of turntable 13 and second with smooth circular conical surface in second pulverizing chamber 7 The second straight-tooth 14 rotates in intracavitary, the cavity is finally crushed to crushed material;
d), crushed material pass through drainage line 15 discharge reducing mechanism.
Humidity sensor 18 is provided with second pulverizing chamber 7, the humidity sensor 18 connects with the processor 5 Connect, for detecting air humidity in second pulverizing chamber 7.Water injector 19, the spray are provided with second pulverizing chamber 7 Water installations 19 are connected with the processor 5, and the water injector 19 is sprayed water to the turntable 13.The bottom of crushing chamber 3 is set Touch force sensor 20, the touch force sensor 20 is connected with processor 5, for measuring the bottom of crushing chamber 3 by crushed material Pressure.Step b)Also include:Motor drives the knife rest 8 to rotate, while being charged to electromagnet 17, electromagnet 17 is adsorbed The ironwork remained in rubbish thing.Step c)Also include:Preset a safe humidity value, the detection second in real time of humidity sensor 18 Air humidity in pulverizing chamber 7 simultaneously sends it to processor 5, and processor 5 judges crushed material shape according to the humidity value received State, if the humidity value received is more than safe humidity value, to the output water spray signal of water injector 19,19 pairs of the water injector Moist crushed material is rinsed;Crushed material is dropped and produces pressure to the bottom of crushing chamber 3, and detected value is sent to by touch force sensor 20 Processor 5, if the control water injector 19 of processor 5 and motor are stopped when detecting to drop there is no crushed material.
Specifically, garbage mixture includes some moist rubbish, and this kind of rubbish is mixed into paste after crushing with Other Waste Shape crushed material, pasty state crushed material can be sticked on turntable 13 and straight-tooth, can also cause feeding pipe to block, and influence crush efficiency.
The air humidity real-time in the second pulverizing chamber 7 of detection of humidity sensor 18 in second pulverizing chamber 7 and by humidity value Send processor 5 to, processor 5 judges to preset a safe humidity value in the form of crushed material, processor 5 according to humidity value, If the humidity value received be more than safe humidity value if to water injector 19 output water spray signal, the cutter setting frame 8 of water injector 19 with And turntable 13 is sprayed water, knife rest 8 and turntable 13 on the one hand can be cleaned, on the other hand can be crushed pasty state using flowing water Thing is washed away, it is to avoid cause feeding pipe to block.Touch force sensor 20 is installed in the bottom of crushing chamber 3, and crushed material drops to the bottom of crushing chamber 3 Portion produces pressure, and touch force sensor 20 detects crushed material to the pressure of the bottom of crushing chamber 3 and pressure value is sent into processor 5, If pressure value steadily decline and stably in a fixed value when if represent to drop there is no crushed material, processor 5 control water spray dress Put 19 and motor be stopped.
The above embodiments merely illustrate the technical concept and features of the present invention, and the purpose is to allow be familiar with the skill of the technical field Art personnel can understand present disclosure and implement according to this, can not be limited the scope of the invention with this.All bases Equivalent changes or modifications made by spirit of the invention, should all be included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of reducing mechanism for being used to handle municipal refuse, including charging aperture(1), conveyer belt(2), crushing chamber(3), discharging opening (4)And processor(5), it is characterised in that the charging aperture(1)For garbage throwing, the conveyer belt(2)For connecting State charging aperture(1)With the crushing chamber(3), the rubbish of dispensing is delivered into crushing chamber(3)Carry out pulverization process, the crushing chamber (3)Inside it is provided with the first pulverizing chamber(6)And second pulverizing chamber(7), first pulverizing chamber(6)With second pulverizing chamber (7)Vertical distribution and first pulverizing chamber(6)Positioned at second pulverizing chamber(7)Top, first pulverizing chamber(6)Inside set It is equipped with knife rest(8), the knife rest(8)It is provided with the hanged hook of some Heterogeneous Permutations(9), the knife rest(8)If on be additionally provided with It is dry to hang on knife rest(8)The outer blade for being used to grind up the refuse(10), the blade(10)Pass through iron chains(11)With the hanged hook (9)Connection, in the knife rest(8)Center is provided with axis hole, and the axis hole is connected with power transmission shaft, the power transmission shaft through transmission mechanism and Motor connection, is driven by the motor, second pulverizing chamber(7)Inwall is provided with some first straight-tooth(12), described first Straight-tooth(12)Ground up the refuse for coordinating, second pulverizing chamber(7)Inside it is provided with turntable(13), the turntable(13)Side is set It is equipped with some second straight-tooth(14), second straight-tooth(14)With first straight-tooth(12)It is spaced, for further powder Broken rubbish, the turntable(13)With the knife rest(8)Connection, by knife rest(8)Drive is rotated together, the crushing chamber(3)Bottom It is provided with drainage line(15), the drainage line(15)The discharge gate is connected, powder is discharged for the rubbish finished will to be crushed Crushing device.
2. a kind of reducing mechanism for being used to handle municipal refuse according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The crushing chamber (3)The top cover of surface sets activated carbon adsorption layer(16), for adsorbing crushing chamber(3)The waste odor come out.
3. a kind of reducing mechanism for being used to handle municipal refuse according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:First powder Broken room(6)Inwall is provided with electromagnet(17), electromagnetism is produced after energization, ironwork is adsorbed;The motor drives knife rest(8)Rotation Turn, the knife rest(8)Band cutting blade(10)Rotation, first pulverizing chamber(6)Inwall is to blade(10)Produce absorption affinity.
4. a kind of reducing mechanism for being used to handle municipal refuse according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The turntable (13)Two parts above and below being divided into, upper part is the smooth cone in surface;Lower part is that outer surface is provided with described second Straight-tooth(14)Cylinder.
5. a kind of reducing mechanism for being used to handle municipal refuse according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Second powder Broken room(7)Inside it is provided with humidity sensor(18), the humidity sensor(18)With the processor(5)Connection, for detecting Second pulverizing chamber(7)Interior air humidity.
6. a kind of reducing mechanism for being used to handle municipal refuse according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Second powder Broken room(7)Inside it is provided with water injector(19), the water injector(19)With the processor(5)Connection, the water injector (19)To the turntable(13)Water spray.
7. a kind of reducing mechanism for being used to handle municipal refuse according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The crushing chamber (3)Bottom sets touch force sensor(20), the touch force sensor(20)With processor(5)Connection, for measuring the crushing Chamber(3)Pressure of the bottom by crushed material.
8. a kind of breaking method for being used to handle the reducing mechanism of municipal refuse according to claim any one of 1-7, its It is characterised by, including following job step:
a), rubbish put into the charging aperture(1), rubbish is with conveyer belt(2)It is sent to crushing chamber(3);
b), motor drive the knife rest(8)Rotation, while to electromagnet(17)Charged, knife rest(8)When rotating at a high speed, meeting Drive iron chains thereon(11)With blade(10)Rotation, blade(10)Rubbish is carried out preliminary crushing by rotation, and crushed material is fallen to Second pulverizing chamber(7)It is interior;
c), crushed material is in second pulverizing chamber(7)It is interior to be slid with smooth circular conical surface to turntable(13)With the second pulverizing chamber(7)It In preceding cavity, the second straight-tooth in the cavity(14)Rotation is finally crushed to crushed material;
d), crushed material pass through drainage line(15)Discharge reducing mechanism.
9. a kind of breaking method for being used to handle the reducing mechanism of municipal refuse according to claim 8, it is characterised in that Step b)Also include:Motor drives the knife rest(8)Rotation, while to electromagnet(17)Charged, electromagnet(17)Absorption The ironwork remained in rubbish thing.
10. a kind of breaking method for being used to handle the reducing mechanism of municipal refuse according to claim 8, its feature exists In step c)Also include:Preset a safe humidity value, humidity sensor(18)The second pulverizing chamber is detected in real time(7)Interior sky Air humidity degree simultaneously sends it to processor(5), processor(5)Humidity value according to receiving judges crushed material form, if receiving The humidity value arrived is more than safe humidity value, then to water injector(19)Output water spray signal, the water injector(19)To humidity Crushed material is rinsed;Crushed material drops to crushing chamber(3)Bottom produces pressure, touch force sensor(20)Detected value is sent to Processor(5)If, processor when detecting to drop there is no crushed material(5)Control water injector(19)And motor stops work Make.
CN201710360456.2A 2017-05-21 2017-05-21 A kind of grinding device and its breaking method for handling municipal refuse Active CN106984403B (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107670793A (en) * 2017-10-31 2018-02-09 阴国富 A kind of food waste powder crushing device provided with magnetic separation metal detecting system
CN109078712A (en) * 2018-07-19 2018-12-25 安徽工程大学 A kind of strip medicinal material cutting crusher
CN112108497A (en) * 2020-09-09 2020-12-22 刘文娟 Kitchen waste treatment device

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CN205236125U (en) * 2015-11-30 2016-05-18 无锡市双氏机械有限公司 Processing machine is smashed to fodder
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JPH09103696A (en) * 1995-10-09 1997-04-22 Sumitomo Forestry Co Ltd Soil crusher
CN200967008Y (en) * 2006-08-11 2007-10-31 深圳市埃玛特实业有限公司 Primary separating grinder of mixed wate
US20140084095A1 (en) * 2012-09-27 2014-03-27 Jwc Environmental, Llc Vertical support member for intermediate yokes on comminutor cutter shafts
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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107670793A (en) * 2017-10-31 2018-02-09 阴国富 A kind of food waste powder crushing device provided with magnetic separation metal detecting system
CN109078712A (en) * 2018-07-19 2018-12-25 安徽工程大学 A kind of strip medicinal material cutting crusher
CN112108497A (en) * 2020-09-09 2020-12-22 刘文娟 Kitchen waste treatment device
CN112108497B (en) * 2020-09-09 2022-07-15 刘文娟 Kitchen waste treatment device

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