CN106964491B - A kind of electrostatic precipitator of automatic cleaning dust - Google Patents

A kind of electrostatic precipitator of automatic cleaning dust Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106964491B
CN106964491B CN201710226104.8A CN201710226104A CN106964491B CN 106964491 B CN106964491 B CN 106964491B CN 201710226104 A CN201710226104 A CN 201710226104A CN 106964491 B CN106964491 B CN 106964491B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cabinet
dust
exhaust fan
automatic cleaning
baffle
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CN201710226104.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106964491A (en
Inventor
汪玉
汪志清
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ANHUI SHENGYUN HEAVY MACHINERY Co Ltd
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ANHUI SHENGYUN HEAVY MACHINERY Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201710226104.8A priority Critical patent/CN106964491B/en
Publication of CN106964491A publication Critical patent/CN106964491A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B03SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS OR USING PNEUMATIC TABLES OR JIGS; MAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03CMAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03C3/00Separating dispersed particles from gases or vapour, e.g. air, by electrostatic effect
    • B03C3/34Constructional details or accessories or operation thereof
    • B03C3/74Cleaning the electrodes
    • B03C3/743Cleaning the electrodes by using friction, e.g. by brushes or sliding elements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B03SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS OR USING PNEUMATIC TABLES OR JIGS; MAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03CMAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03C3/00Separating dispersed particles from gases or vapour, e.g. air, by electrostatic effect
    • B03C3/34Constructional details or accessories or operation thereof

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of electrostatic precipitators of automatic cleaning dust, the air inlet is located at two between static board and support plate, and the front end of cabinet is equipped with air outlet, the air inlet is equipped with exhaust fan, and exhaust fan is fixed by the bracket on cabinet, the upper end of the cabinet is equipped with single-chip microcontroller, and static board, motor and exhaust fan is electrically connected in single-chip microcontroller, and the bottom of the cabinet, which is equipped with, rushes down grey mouth.One static board, motor and exhaust fan signal are given in single-chip microcontroller timing, static board and exhaust fan stop working, motor drives threaded rod rotation, to drive thread barrel to move down, hairbrush will carry out deashing to static board in this way, by dust brush to bottom, when bottom, mandril can contact first rushes down hawk, it is opened, then dust can enter the bottom of cabinet along insulation board, fall on baffle, when needing to clear up the dust on baffle over time, pull out pulling plate, dust is fallen, then is pushed back, and seben is opened.

Description

A kind of electrostatic precipitator of automatic cleaning dust
Technical field
The invention belongs to technical field of electrostatic dust collection, are related to electrostatic precipitator, and in particular to a kind of automatic cleaning dust Electrostatic precipitator.
Background technique
Electrostatic precipitation makes gas ionization using electrostatic field to make dust particles be adsorbed onto the collecting method on electrode.? Air molecule is ionized as cation and electronics in strong electrical field, and electronics, which marches on towards, encounters grit in anode process, keep grit negatively charged Anode is adsorbed onto be collected.Certainly also have by the way of negative plate dust by technological innovation in recent years.In the past be usually used in Coal is the factory of fuel, power station, collects coal ash and dust in flue gas.Also there are the device of many electrostatic precipitations, electrostatic in the market Many dusts can be assembled on plate, be much the dust removed by shaking above, it is still, many viscous since dust is smaller Comparison it is firm, be just not easy to remove.
Summary of the invention
According to the above-mentioned deficiencies of the prior art, the technical problem to be solved by the present invention is to propose a kind of automatic cleaning dust Electrostatic precipitator, the dust on static board is cleared up with electric brush by threaded rod, the dust solved on static board do not allow The problem of easy to clean, has the characteristics that deashing is thorough.
In order to solve the above-mentioned technical problem, the technical solution adopted by the present invention are as follows: the electrostatic of the automatic cleaning dust of one kind removes Dirt device, including cabinet, the inner cavity left and right ends of the cabinet are equipped with static board, and the lower end of static board is connected with insulation Plate is equipped between the inner cavity front and rear wall of the cabinet there are grey gap is deposited between the lower end of the insulation board and the bottom of cabinet Support plate, and support plate is located between two insulation boards, the left and right ends of the support plate, which are hingedly connected with, rushes down hawk, described It rushes down and is equipped with link block on the inside of the upper end of hawk, and connected between link block and the upper end of support plate by spring, the support plate Upper center be rotatably connected to threaded rod straight up, and the upper end of threaded rod passes through cabinet and is connected with motor, the electricity Machine is fixed on cabinet, and is rotatablely connected between threaded rod and cabinet, is socketed with thread barrel on the threaded rod, and thread barrel Left and right ends pass through connecting rod respectively and are connected with guide cylinder, and the outer end of the guide cylinder is connected with hairbrush, and the outer end of hairbrush is against On corresponding static board, vertical guide rod is plugged in the guide cylinder, and the upper end of guide rod is fixed on the inner cavity of cabinet On upper wall, the guide rod is located at the corresponding top for rushing down hawk, and the lower end inside of the guide cylinder is equipped with downward mandril, and Two mandrils are respectively positioned on the outside of two link blocks, and the rear end of the cabinet is equipped with air inlet, and the air inlet is quiet positioned at two Between battery plate and support plate, and the front end of cabinet is equipped with air outlet, and the air inlet is equipped with exhaust fan, and exhaust fan passes through branch Frame is fixed on cabinet, and the upper end of the cabinet is equipped with single-chip microcontroller, and static board, motor and exhausting is electrically connected in single-chip microcontroller Machine, the bottom of the cabinet, which is equipped with, rushes down grey mouth.
In above-mentioned apparatus, the bottom of the cabinet is funnel-shaped, and rushes down and be equipped with seben at grey mouth.
In above-mentioned apparatus, the seben is threadedly coupled with rushing down between grey mouth, and the lower end of seben is equipped with spin-block.
In above-mentioned apparatus, the inner cavity front and rear wall of the cabinet is equipped with perforative sliding slot to the right, and sliding slot is located at insulation board Downside is plugged with baffle in the sliding slot, and the right end of baffle stretches out sliding slot.
In above-mentioned apparatus, the right end of the baffle is equipped with pulling plate.
In above-mentioned apparatus, the left end of the baffle is equipped with India rubber block.
In above-mentioned apparatus, described to rush down end face that hawk is contacted with insulation board be arc-shaped, and is equipped with India rubber layer.
In above-mentioned apparatus, the model AT89S52 of the single-chip microcontroller.
The medicine have the advantages that static board, one signal of motor and exhaust fan, static board and exhausting are given in single-chip microcontroller timing Machine stops working, and motor drives threaded rod rotation, so that thread barrel be driven to move down, such hairbrush will carry out static board clear Ash, by dust brush to bottom, when bottom, mandril can contact first rushes down hawk, is opened, then dust can be along insulation Plate enters the bottom of cabinet, falls on baffle, when needing to clear up the dust on baffle over time, pulls out pulling plate, dust It falls, then pushes back, open seben.
Detailed description of the invention
Content expressed by this specification attached drawing and the label in figure are briefly described below:
Fig. 1 is the structure chart of a specific embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 2 is the rearview of a specific embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 3 is the circuit diagram of a specific embodiment of the invention.
In figure: hawk, 6 link blocks, 7 springs, 8 threaded rods, 9 electricity are rushed down in 1 cabinet, 2 static boards, 3 insulation boards, 4 support plates, 5 Machine, 10 thread barrels, 11 guide cylinders, 12 guide rods, 13 mandrils, 14 air inlets, 15 exhaust fans, 16 single-chip microcontrollers, 17 sebens, 18 gears Plate.
Specific embodiment
Below against attached drawing, by the description of the embodiment, for example related each component of a specific embodiment of the invention Shape, construction, the mutual alignment between each section and connection relationship, the effect of each section and working principle, manufacturing process and Operate with method etc., is described in further detail, to help those skilled in the art to inventive concept of the invention, technology Scheme has more complete, accurate and deep understanding.
A kind of electrostatic precipitator of automatic cleaning dust, including cabinet 1, the inner cavity left and right ends of cabinet 1 are equipped with quiet Battery plate 2, and the lower end of static board 2 is connected with insulation board 3, there are deposit between ash between the lower end of insulation board 3 and the bottom of cabinet 1 Gap is equipped with support plate 4 between the inner cavity front and rear wall of cabinet 1, and support plate 4 is located between two insulation boards 3, a left side for support plate 4 Right both ends, which are hingedly connected with, rushes down hawk 5, and it is arc-shaped for rushing down the end face that hawk 5 is contacted with insulation board 3, and is equipped with India rubber Layer, is against on insulation board 3, prevents gas leakage, rushes down and is equipped with link block 6 on the inside of the upper end of hawk 5, and link block 6 and support plate 4 is upper It being connected between end by spring 7, the upper center of support plate 4 is rotatably connected to threaded rod 8 straight up, and threaded rod 8 Upper end passes through cabinet 1 and is connected with motor 9, and motor 9 is fixed on cabinet 1, and is rotatablely connected between threaded rod 8 and cabinet 1, screw thread Thread barrel 10 is socketed on bar 8, and the left and right ends of thread barrel 10 pass through connecting rod respectively and are connected with guide cylinder 11, guide cylinder 11 Outer end is connected with hairbrush, and the outer end of hairbrush is against on corresponding static board 2, and vertical guide rod is plugged in guide cylinder 11 12, and the upper end of guide rod 12 is fixed on the inner cavity upper wall of cabinet 1, guide rod 12 is located at the corresponding top for rushing down hawk 5, leads It is equipped with downward mandril 13 to the lower end inside of cylinder 11, and two mandrils 13 are respectively positioned on the outside of two link blocks 6, cabinet 1 Rear end is equipped with air inlet 14, and air inlet 14 is between two static boards 2 and support plate 4, and the front end of cabinet 1 is equipped with outlet air Mouthful, exhaust fan 15 is equipped at air inlet 14, and exhaust fan 15 is fixed by the bracket on cabinet 1.
The upper end of cabinet 1 is equipped with single-chip microcontroller 16, and static board 2, motor 9 and exhaust fan is electrically connected in single-chip microcontroller 16 15, the model AT89S52 of single-chip microcontroller 16, built-in processing chip may be programmed, and timing drives threaded rod 8, while deashing, take out Blower 15 is closed, and single-chip microcontroller 16 controls the connection of static board 2 and power supply by electromagnetic relay, and two static boards 2 connect respectively Positive-negative power is connect, the bottom of cabinet 1, which is equipped with, rushes down grey mouth, and the bottom of cabinet 1 is funnel-shaped, and rushes down and be equipped with seben 17 at grey mouth, just It being brought together in dust, seben 17 is threadedly coupled with rushing down between grey mouth, and the lower end of seben 17 is equipped with spin-block, convenient for opening, The inner cavity front and rear wall of cabinet 1 is equipped with perforative sliding slot to the right, and sliding slot is located at the downside of insulation board 3, is plugged with baffle in sliding slot 18, and the right end of baffle 18 stretches out sliding slot, when such dedusting can deashing, pull out baffle 18, dust leaks down, and then pushes away Baffle 18 is returned, seben 17 is opened, the right end of baffle 18 is equipped with pulling plate, and convenient for the pull-out of baffle 18, the left end of baffle 18 is equipped with bullet Property rubber bumper, with cabinet 1 between squeeze it is tight, prevent gas leakage.
Dust enters from air inlet 14, and air outlet excludes, and is adsorbed by static board 2, and 16 timing of single-chip microcontroller is to static board 2, electricity 15 1 signals of machine 9 and exhaust fan, static board 2 and exhaust fan 15 stop working, and motor 9 drives threaded rod 8 to rotate, to drive Thread barrel 11 moves down, and such hairbrush will carry out deashing to static board 2, by dust brush to bottom, when bottom, and 13 meeting of mandril Hawk 5 is rushed down in contact first, is opened, and then dust can enter the bottom of cabinet 1 along insulation board 3, falls on baffle 18, When needing to clear up the dust on baffle 18 over time, pulling plate 18 is pulled out, dust is fallen, then is pushed back, and seben 17 is opened.
The present invention is exemplarily described above in conjunction with attached drawing, it is clear that the present invention implements not by aforesaid way Limitation, as long as the improvement for the various unsubstantialities that the inventive concept and technical scheme of the present invention carry out is used, or without changing It is within the scope of the present invention into the conception and technical scheme of the invention are directly applied to other occasions.This hair Bright protection scope should be determined by the scope of protection defined in the claims.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of electrostatic precipitator of automatic cleaning dust, including cabinet (1), which is characterized in that the inner cavity of the cabinet (1) Left and right ends are equipped with static board (2), and the lower end of static board (2) is connected with insulation board (3), the lower end of the insulation board (3) There are grey gap is deposited between the bottom of cabinet (1), support plate (4) are equipped between the inner cavity front and rear wall of the cabinet (1), and prop up Fagging (4) is located between two insulation boards (3), and the left and right ends of the support plate (4), which are hingedly connected with, rushes down hawk (5), institute It states and is equipped with link block (6) on the inside of the upper end for rushing down hawk (5), and pass through spring between link block (6) and the upper end of support plate (4) (7) it connects, the upper center of the support plate (4) is rotatably connected to threaded rod (8) straight up, and threaded rod (8) is upper End is connected with motor (9) across cabinet (1), and the motor (9) is fixed on cabinet (1), and threaded rod (8) and cabinet (1) it Between be rotatablely connected, be socketed with thread barrel (10) on the threaded rod (8), and the left and right ends of thread barrel (10) pass through connecting rod respectively It is connected with guide cylinder (11), the outer end of the guide cylinder (11) is connected with hairbrush, and the outer end of hairbrush is against corresponding static board (2) it on, is plugged with vertical guide rod (12) in the guide cylinder (11), and the upper end of guide rod (12) is fixed on cabinet (1) Inner cavity upper wall on, the guide rod (12) is located at the corresponding top for rushing down hawk (5), the lower end inside of the guide cylinder (11) Equipped with downward mandril (13), and two mandrils (13) are respectively positioned on the outside of two link blocks (6), the rear end of the cabinet (1) Equipped with air inlet (14), the air inlet (14) is between two static boards (2) and support plate (4), and the front end of cabinet (1) Equipped with air outlet, exhaust fan (15) are equipped at the air inlet (14), and exhaust fan (15) is fixed by the bracket in cabinet (1) On, the upper end of the cabinet (1) is equipped with single-chip microcontroller (16), and static board (2), motor (9) is electrically connected in single-chip microcontroller (16) With exhaust fan (15), the bottom of the cabinet (1), which is equipped with, rushes down grey mouth;
The bottom of the cabinet (1) is funnel-shaped, and rushes down and be equipped with seben (17) at grey mouth;
The inner cavity front and rear wall of the cabinet (1) is equipped with perforative sliding slot to the right, and sliding slot is located at the downside of insulation board (3), described It is plugged in sliding slot baffle (18), and the right end of baffle (18) stretches out sliding slot.
2. a kind of electrostatic precipitator of automatic cleaning dust according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the seben (17) it is threadedly coupled between grey mouth with rushing down, and the lower end of seben (17) is equipped with spin-block.
3. a kind of electrostatic precipitator of automatic cleaning dust according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the baffle (18) right end is equipped with pulling plate.
4. a kind of electrostatic precipitator of automatic cleaning dust according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the baffle (18) left end is equipped with India rubber block.
5. a kind of electrostatic precipitator of automatic cleaning dust according to claim 1, which is characterized in that described to rush down hawk (5) end face contacted with insulation board (3) is arc-shaped, and is equipped with India rubber layer.
6. a kind of electrostatic precipitator of automatic cleaning dust according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the single-chip microcontroller (16) model AT89S52.
CN201710226104.8A 2017-04-08 2017-04-08 A kind of electrostatic precipitator of automatic cleaning dust Active CN106964491B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710226104.8A CN106964491B (en) 2017-04-08 2017-04-08 A kind of electrostatic precipitator of automatic cleaning dust

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN106964491B true CN106964491B (en) 2019-03-05

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107816007B (en) * 2017-10-24 2020-12-08 王麒麟 Sucking disc formula rail cleaning device
CN108390089B (en) * 2018-02-27 2020-10-02 扬州雄鸡电池有限公司 Device for charging battery with carbon powder
CN109663667B (en) * 2018-12-14 2020-06-05 江苏菲达环保科技有限公司 Rectifier type dust remover
CN111271799A (en) * 2020-02-10 2020-06-12 王虎山 Ventilation equipment convenient to it is clean

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EP1038582A1 (en) * 1999-03-22 2000-09-27 Chin-Chu Chang An electrostatic dust-collecting device
CN2425307Y (en) * 2000-04-17 2001-03-28 无烟环保科技(珠海)有限公司 Scraping strucgture of electrostatic oil-collecting device
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