CN107816007B - Sucking disc formula rail cleaning device - Google Patents

Sucking disc formula rail cleaning device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107816007B
CN107816007B CN201711002949.5A CN201711002949A CN107816007B CN 107816007 B CN107816007 B CN 107816007B CN 201711002949 A CN201711002949 A CN 201711002949A CN 107816007 B CN107816007 B CN 107816007B
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China
Prior art keywords
plate
guide cylinder
rod
dust removal
spring
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CN201711002949.5A
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CN107816007A (en
Inventor
张冬
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王麒麟
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Publication of CN107816007A publication Critical patent/CN107816007A/en
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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01HSTREET CLEANING; CLEANING OF PERMANENT WAYS; CLEANING BEACHES; DISPERSING OR PREVENTING FOG IN GENERAL CLEANING STREET OR RAILWAY FURNITURE OR TUNNEL WALLS
    • E01H8/00Removing undesirable matter from the permanent way of railways; Removing undesirable matter from tramway rails
    • E01H8/10Removing undesirable matter from rails, flange grooves, or the like railway parts, e.g. removing ice from contact rails, removing mud from flange grooves
    • E01H8/105Pneumatically or hydraulically loosening, removing or dislodging undesirable matter, e.g. removing by blowing, flushing, suction; Application of melting liquids; Loosening or removing by means of heat, e.g. cleaning by plasma torches, drying by burners

Abstract

The invention discloses a sucker type rail cleaning device which comprises a bottom plate, wherein brush hair is positioned on the outer side of a scraper, a driven belt wheel is sleeved at the upper end of the circumferential direction of a rotating pipe and is connected with a driving belt wheel through a belt, the driving belt wheel is connected with a motor, the motor is fixed at the upper end of the bottom plate, the upper end of the rotating pipe is connected with a soft air guide pipe through a mechanical sealing element, the other end of the air guide pipe is connected with an exhaust fan, a storage battery is installed on the bottom plate, a switch is arranged on a support rod, the storage battery is electrically connected with the switch, and the switch is electrically connected with. And the capstan can drive the scraper when pivoted and rotate, and the setting of first spring and second spring makes the scraper have toughness, and the extrusion pressure degree is guaranteed to first spring, and the scraper can incline when meetting hard thing to the second spring assurance, prevents to block, and the dirt of scraping can be siphoned away by the capstan equally, enters into the dust removal case, and what clear up like this is just cleaner.

Description

Sucking disc formula rail cleaning device
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of rail cleaning, relates to a rail cleaning device, and particularly relates to a suction disc type rail cleaning device.
Background
Railway tracks, rail, track, etc., are used on railways and cooperate with switches to enable a train to travel without turning. The track is usually composed of two parallel rails, the rails are fixed on sleepers, and the ballast is arranged below the sleepers; rails made of steel can bear a greater weight than other materials. Sleepers, also known as crossties or sleepers, function to spread the weight of the rails separately and to keep the rails fixed and to maintain the gauge of the rails. Generally, the bottom of the track is ballast laid with gravel, which is also called ballast, gravel or ballast bed, and provides elasticity and drainage function for the track. The rails can also be laid on concrete foundations (as is quite common on bridges) or even embedded in concrete. The railroad track must be maintained frequently to maintain good operation. Rails are exposed outdoors all the year round and are polluted by the external environment and need to be cleaned regularly, but some rail cleaning vehicles on the market are often too high in manufacturing cost, complex in structure and inconvenient to use, and small gaps at the joint parts of the rails cannot be cleaned well, so that rail cleaning devices such as a rail cleaning device with the bulletin number of CN201520456832.4 exist on the market, and relate to the field of railway maintenance, the rail cleaning device comprises a cleaning box and a pushing device, wherein a dust suction port is formed in the lower surface of the cleaning box, a suction fan is arranged in the cleaning box, a connecting pipe is arranged between the suction fan and the dust suction port, a partition baffle is arranged in the cleaning box, a through hole is formed in the bottom of the part, which is positioned on the right side of the partition baffle, of the cleaning box is provided with a slide way, a cleaning brush and a push rod brush are arranged in the slide way and connected with a push rod, be equipped with fixing bolt on the telescopic link, the U type pushing hands is connected with clean case through telescopic link, the utility model provides a simple structure, with low costs and convenient to use can clean the rail cleaning device in gap ", however, this kind is difficult to clear away, thoroughly inadequately to the relatively firm dirt of gluing.
Disclosure of Invention
In view of the above disadvantages of the prior art, the present invention provides a sucker type rail cleaning device, which can scrape and suck rails by a flexible scraper.
In order to solve the technical problems, the invention adopts the technical scheme that: a sucker type rail cleaning device comprises a base plate, wherein the front end and the rear end of the base plate are respectively provided with a downward baffle, the opposite end faces of the two baffles are respectively abutted against the front end face and the rear end face of a rail, the right side of the upper end of the base plate is connected with an upward support rod, the upper end of the support rod is connected with a frame-shaped push ring, the upper end of the base plate is inserted with a rotating pipe which penetrates up and down and is rotatably connected with the base plate, the lower end of the rotating pipe is provided with a rotating disc which is hollow inside, the lower end of the rotating disc is uniformly provided with blowing holes, the left side and the right side of the lower end of the base plate are respectively provided with a pulley, the lower end of each pulley is abutted against the rail, the lower end of the rotating disc is provided with a scraper, the lower end of the rotating disc is provided with soft bristles, the bristles are positioned outside the scraper, the circumferential, and the motor is fixed in the upper end of bottom plate, the upper end of runner is connected with soft air duct through mechanical seal, and the other end of air duct is connected with the air exhauster, install the battery on the bottom plate, and be equipped with the switch on the bracing piece, battery electric connection switch, and switch electric connection motor and air exhauster respectively.
In the device, the upper end of the supporting rod is provided with the backward supporting tube, the left side of the push ring is inserted into the supporting tube, the outer side wall of the left end of the supporting tube is provided with the fastening threaded rod, and one end, far away from the supporting tube, of the fastening threaded rod is connected with the rotating rod.
In the device, the upper end of the scraper is sleeved with the first guide cylinder, and the upper end of the scraper is connected with the upper end of the inner cavity of the first guide cylinder through the first spring.
In the device, a sliding block is installed in the first guide cylinder, the lower end of the sliding block is fixedly connected with the upper end of the first spring, the sliding block is connected with the first guide cylinder through an adjusting bolt, the non-threaded end of the adjusting bolt is located on the right side of the first guide cylinder, and a sliding groove corresponding to the adjusting bolt is formed in the right end of the first guide cylinder.
In the device, the upper end of the first guide cylinder is hinged to the bottom plate, the left end of the first guide cylinder is hinged to the telescopic rod, the other end of the telescopic rod is sleeved with the second guide cylinder, the other end of the second guide cylinder is hinged to the lower end of the bottom plate, and the upper end of the telescopic rod is connected with the upper end of the inner cavity of the second guide cylinder through the second spring.
In the device, one end of the telescopic rod, which is close to the first guide cylinder, and the left end of the first guide cylinder are both hinged with pull rods, and the opposite ends of the two pull rods are connected through the threaded cylinders.
In the device, the outer end of the thread cylinder is circumferentially provided with the anti-skid convex lines.
In the device, a dust removing box is clamped on the bottom plate and penetrates through the bottom plate downwards, the left end and the right end of an inner cavity of the dust removing box are provided with downward guide grooves, guide blocks are arranged in the two guide grooves, the two guide blocks are connected through a transverse plate, the front end and the rear end of the transverse plate are provided with hairbrushes, the two hairbrushes are respectively abutted against the front wall and the rear wall of the dust removing box, the middle part of the upper end of the transverse plate is provided with an upward pressure rod, the upper end of the pressure rod penetrates through the dust removing box upwards, the upper end of the pressure rod is provided with a pedal, the pedal is connected with the upper end of the dust removing box through a reset spring, the reset spring is sleeved on the pressure rod, the front end and the rear end of the dust removing box are provided with air outlets, a filter screen is arranged at the air outlets, the air outlet end of the air exhauster is connected with an air outlet pipe, and the lower extreme right side of escape orifice is articulated to be connected with the closing plate, pass through torsional spring connection between the lower extreme of closing plate and the lower extreme right side of dust removal case, and the lower extreme of diaphragm is equipped with the decurrent ejector pin just to the closing plate.
In the device, the end face of the sealing plate, which is in contact with the dust removal box, is provided with the elastic cushion layer.
The invention has the advantages that the two baffles are clamped at the front side and the rear side of the rail, the pulley is abutted against the rail and moves forwards along the rail, the switch is opened, the motor and the exhaust fan are started, the motor drives the rotating pipe to rotate through the driving belt pulley, the rotating pipe drives the rotating disc, the rotating disc drives the brush hair to rotate for cleaning, the cleaned dust is sucked into the dust removal box by the rotating pipe, the dust can be gathered on the filter screen, the pedal is stepped down, the cross plate is driven to move downwards by the pressing rod, the brush cleans the filter screen downwards, the dust is gathered below, the sealing plate is pushed open by the ejector rod, the cross plate reaches the lower side of the air outlet pipe at the moment and blocks the air to be blown away by the filter screen at the front side and the rear side, so that the dust swept by the brush can slowly fall down and is discharged from the discharge outlet, the dust can not fly all day to pollute the environment, but is discharged in a whole block, the setting of first spring and second spring makes the scraper have toughness, and extrusion pressure degree is guaranteed to first spring, and the second spring is guaranteed that the scraper can incline when meetting hard thing, prevents to block, and the dirty dirt of scraping can be siphoned away by the capstan equally, enters into the dust removal case, and what clear up like this is just cleaner.
Drawings
The contents of the drawings and the reference numerals in the drawings are briefly described as follows:
fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of an embodiment of the present invention.
FIG. 2 is an enlarged view of the structure A of the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a front view of an embodiment of the present invention.
In the figure, 1 a bottom plate, 2 baffle plates, 3 supporting rods, 4 rotating pipes, 5 rotating discs, 6 scrapers, 7 bristles, 8 driven belt wheels, 9 exhaust fans, 10 supporting pipes, 11 first guide cylinders, 12 first springs, 13 sliding blocks, 14 telescopic rods, 15 second guide cylinders, 16 pull rods, 17 threaded cylinders, 18 dust removal boxes, 19 guide blocks, 20 pressing rods, 21 pedals, 22 return springs, 23 filter screens, 24 drainage ports and 25 sealing plates.
Detailed Description
The following description of the embodiments with reference to the drawings is provided to describe the embodiments of the present invention, and the embodiments of the present invention, such as the shapes and configurations of the components, the mutual positions and connection relationships of the components, the functions and working principles of the components, the manufacturing processes and the operation and use methods, etc., will be further described in detail to help those skilled in the art to more completely, accurately and deeply understand the inventive concept and technical solutions of the present invention.
A sucker type rail cleaning device comprises a bottom plate 1, wherein the front end and the rear end of the bottom plate 1 are respectively provided with a downward baffle 2, the opposite end faces of the two baffles 2 are respectively abutted against the front end face and the rear end face of a rail, the right side of the upper end of the bottom plate 1 is connected with an upward support rod 3, the upper end of the support rod 3 is connected with a frame-shaped push ring, the upper end of the support rod 3 is provided with a backward support tube 10, the left side of the push ring is inserted into the support tube 10, the outer side wall of the left end of the support tube 10 is provided with a fastening threaded rod, one end of the fastening threaded rod, which is far away from the support tube 10, is connected with a rotating rod, the rotating rod can be rotated by loosening the rotating rod, a sliding block 13 is arranged in a first guide cylinder 11, the lower end of the sliding block 13 is fixedly connected with the upper end of a first spring 12, the sliding block 13 is connected with the first guide cylinder 11 through, the adjusting bolt is loosened, the sliding block 13 can be moved up and down, the extrusion pressure degree of the first spring 12 can be adjusted, the scraper is convenient to hold, the push ring is square, four corners are provided with chamfers, the upper end of the first guide cylinder 11 is hinged with the bottom plate 1, the left end of the first guide cylinder 11 is hinged with the telescopic rod 14, the other end of the telescopic rod 14 is sleeved with the second guide cylinder 15, the other end of the second guide cylinder 15 is hinged with the lower end of the bottom plate 1, the upper end of the telescopic rod 14 is connected with the upper end of the inner cavity of the second guide cylinder 15 through the second spring, so that a large hard object has toughness and cannot be clamped under the action of the second spring, one end of the telescopic rod 14, close to the first guide cylinder 11, and the left end of the first guide cylinder 11 are hinged with the pull rods 16, the opposite ends of the two pull rods 16 are connected through the threaded cylinders 17, the inclination of the scraper 6 can be adjusted through the threaded cylinders, the outer end of the thread cylinder 17 is circumferentially provided with anti-skid convex lines, so that the thread cylinder 17 can rotate conveniently.
The upper end of the bottom plate 1 is inserted with a rotating pipe 4 which penetrates up and down, the rotating pipe 4 is rotatably connected with the bottom plate 1, the lower end of the rotating pipe 4 is provided with a rotating disc 5 with a hollow inner part, the lower end of the rotating disc 5 is uniformly provided with blowing holes, the left side and the right side of the lower end of the bottom plate 1 are respectively provided with a pulley, the lower end of the pulley is propped against a rail, the lower end of the rotating disc 5 is provided with a scraper 6, the upper end of the scraper 6 is sleeved with a first guide cylinder 11, the upper end of the scraper 6 is connected with the upper end of an inner cavity of the first guide cylinder 11 through a first spring 12, so that the scraper 6 has toughness and can be lower on the rail and tighter, the lower end of the rotating disc 5 is provided with soft brush bristles 7, the brush bristles 7 are positioned at the outer side of the scraper 6, the circumferential upper end of the rotating pipe 4 is sleeved with a driven belt wheel 8, the driven belt wheel 8 is connected with a driving belt, thus, the rotating pipe 4 can not rotate when rotating the air duct, the other end of the air duct is connected with the exhaust fan 9, the bottom plate 1 is provided with a storage battery, the support rod 3 is provided with a switch, the storage battery is electrically connected with the switch, the switch is respectively and electrically connected with the motor and the exhaust fan 9, the bottom plate 1 is connected with the dust removal box 18 in a clamping manner, the dust removal box 18 downwards penetrates through the bottom plate 1, the left end and the right end of the inner cavity of the dust removal box 18 are respectively provided with a downward guide groove, the two guide grooves are respectively provided with a guide block 19, the two guide blocks 19 are connected through a transverse plate, the front end and the rear end of the transverse plate are respectively provided with a brush, the two brushes respectively abut against the front wall and the rear wall of the dust removal box 18, the middle part of the upper end of the transverse plate is provided with an upward pressure lever 20, the upper, a return spring 22 is sleeved on the pressure lever 20, the front end and the rear end of the dust removal box 18 are both provided with air outlets, the air outlets are provided with filter screens 23, the air outlet end of the exhaust fan 9 is connected with an air outlet pipe which is connected to the dust removal box 18, the air outlet pipe is positioned on the lower side of the transverse plate, the lower end of the dust removal box 18 is provided with a drain outlet 24, the right side of the lower end of the drain outlet 24 is hinged with a sealing plate 25, the lower end of the sealing plate 25 is connected with the right side of the lower end of the dust removal box 18 through a torsion spring, the lower end of the transverse plate is provided with a downward ejector rod which is right opposite to the sealing plate 25, the blown dust can be gathered on the filter screens 23, the pedal 21 is stepped down, the pressure lever 20 drives the transverse plate to move downwards, the filter screens 23 are cleaned downwards by the brush, the dust is gathered below the sealing plate 25, therefore, dust swept by the brush can slowly fall down and is discharged from the discharge port 24, and the end face of the sealing plate 25, which is in contact with the dust removal box 18, is provided with an elastic cushion layer, so that the sealing performance is improved.
The working principle is as follows: the two baffles 2 are clamped at the front side and the rear side of a rail, a pulley abuts against the rail and moves forwards along the rail, a switch is turned on, a motor and an exhaust fan 9 are started, the motor drives a rotating pipe 4 to rotate through a driving belt pulley, the rotating pipe 4 drives a rotating disc 5, the rotating disc 5 drives bristles 7 to rotate to clean, the cleaned dust is sucked into a dust removal box 18 through the rotating pipe 4, the dust can be gathered on a filter screen 23, a pedal 21 is stepped down, a pressure rod 20 drives a transverse plate to move downwards, the filter screen 23 is cleaned downwards by a brush, the dust is gathered to the lower part, then an ejector rod pushes a sealing plate 25 open, the transverse plate reaches the lower side of an air outlet pipe at the moment and blocks air out, the filter screen 23 at the front side and the rear side of the wind is blown away, so that the dust swept by the brush can slowly fall down and is discharged from a discharge port 24, the dust which is drawn out cannot fly all day, the environment is polluted, but the whole, the setting of first spring 12 and second spring makes scraper 6 have toughness, and extrusion power degree is guaranteed to first spring 12, and scraper 6 can incline when meetting hard thing is guaranteed to the second spring, prevents to block, and the dirt of scraping can be siphoned away by capstan 5 equally, enters into dust removal case 18, and what clear up like this is just cleaner.
The invention has been described above with reference to the accompanying drawings, it is obvious that the invention is not limited to the specific implementation in the above-described manner, and it is within the scope of the invention to apply the inventive concept and solution to other applications without substantial modification. The protection scope of the present invention shall be subject to the protection scope defined by the claims.

Claims (4)

1. A sucker type rail cleaning device comprises a bottom plate (1) and is characterized in that the front end and the rear end of the bottom plate (1) are respectively provided with a downward baffle (2), the opposite end faces of the two baffles (2) are respectively abutted against the front end face and the rear end face of a rail, an upward support rod (3) is connected to the right side of the upper end of the bottom plate (1), the upper end of the support rod (3) is connected with a frame-shaped push ring, a rotating pipe (4) which penetrates through the bottom plate (1) up and down is inserted into the upper end of the bottom plate (1), the rotating pipe (4) is rotatably connected with the bottom plate (1), the lower end of the rotating pipe (4) is provided with a hollow rotating disc (5), the lower end of the rotating disc (5) is uniformly provided with blowing holes, pulleys are respectively arranged on the left side and the right side of the lower end of the bottom plate (1), the lower ends of the pulleys are abutted against the rail, the lower end of the rotating disc (5, the brush bristles (7) are located on the outer side of the scraper (6), the upper end of the rotating pipe (4) in the circumferential direction is sleeved with a driven belt wheel (8), the driven belt wheel (8) is connected with a driving belt wheel through a belt, the driving belt wheel is connected with a motor, the motor is fixed to the upper end of the bottom plate (1), the upper end of the rotating pipe (4) is connected with a soft air guide pipe through a mechanical sealing piece, the other end of the air guide pipe is connected with an exhaust fan (9), a storage battery is mounted on the bottom plate (1), a switch is arranged on the support rod (3), the storage battery is electrically connected with the switch, and the switch is electrically connected with the motor and;
the dust removal box (18) is connected to the bottom plate (1) in a clamped mode, the dust removal box (18) penetrates through the bottom plate (1) downwards, the left end and the right end of an inner cavity of the dust removal box (18) are provided with downward guide grooves, guide blocks (19) are installed in the two guide grooves, the two guide blocks (19) are connected through a transverse plate, the front end and the rear end of the transverse plate are provided with brushes, the two brushes are respectively abutted to the front wall and the rear wall of the dust removal box (18), an upward pressing rod (20) is arranged in the middle of the upper end of the transverse plate, the upper end of the pressing rod (20) upwards penetrates through the dust removal box (18), a pedal (21) is arranged at the upper end of the pressing rod (20), the pedal (21) is connected with the upper end of the dust removal box (18) through a reset spring (22), the reset spring (22) is sleeved on the pressing rod (20), the front end and the rear end of, the air outlet end of the exhaust fan (9) is connected with an air outlet pipe, the air outlet pipe is connected to the dust removal box (18), the air outlet pipe is located on the lower side of the transverse plate, the lower end of the dust removal box (18) is provided with a drain outlet (24), the right side of the lower end of the drain outlet (24) is hinged and connected with a sealing plate (25), the lower end of the sealing plate (25) is connected with the right side of the lower end of the dust removal box (18) through a torsion spring, and the lower end of the transverse plate is provided with a downward ejector rod which is over against the sealing plate (25;
a backward supporting tube (10) is arranged at the upper end of the supporting rod (3), the left side of the push ring is inserted into the supporting tube (10), a fastening threaded rod is arranged on the outer side wall of the left end of the supporting tube (10), and one end, far away from the supporting tube (10), of the fastening threaded rod is connected with a rotating rod;
the upper end of the scraper (6) is sleeved with a first guide cylinder (11), and the upper end of the scraper (6) is connected with the upper end of the inner cavity of the first guide cylinder (11) through a first spring (12);
a sliding block (13) is installed in the first guide cylinder (11), the lower end of the sliding block (13) is fixedly connected with the upper end of the first spring (12), the sliding block (13) is connected with the first guide cylinder (11) through an adjusting bolt, the non-threaded end of the adjusting bolt is located on the right side of the first guide cylinder (11), and a sliding groove corresponding to the adjusting bolt is formed in the right end of the first guide cylinder (11);
the upper end of first guide cylinder (11) is connected with bottom plate (1) is articulated, and the left end of first guide cylinder (11) is articulated to be connected with telescopic link (14), second guide cylinder (15) have been cup jointed to the other end of telescopic link (14), and the other end of second guide cylinder (15) is connected with the lower extreme of bottom plate (1) is articulated, pass through second spring coupling between the upper end of telescopic link (14) and the inner chamber upper end of second guide cylinder (15).
2. A sucker-type rail cleaning device as claimed in claim 1, wherein the telescopic rod (14) is hinged with a pull rod (16) at one end close to the first guide cylinder (11) and at the left end of the first guide cylinder (11), and the opposite ends of the two pull rods (16) are connected through a threaded cylinder (17).
3. A sucker-type rail cleaning device as claimed in claim 2, wherein the outer end of the threaded barrel (17) is provided with anti-slip ribs circumferentially.
4. A suction cup type rail cleaning device according to claim 1, wherein the end surface of the sealing plate (25) contacting the dust removing box (18) is provided with an elastic cushion.
CN201711002949.5A 2017-10-24 2017-10-24 Sucking disc formula rail cleaning device Active CN107816007B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711002949.5A CN107816007B (en) 2017-10-24 2017-10-24 Sucking disc formula rail cleaning device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711002949.5A CN107816007B (en) 2017-10-24 2017-10-24 Sucking disc formula rail cleaning device

Publications (2)

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CN107816007A CN107816007A (en) 2018-03-20
CN107816007B true CN107816007B (en) 2020-12-08

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Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110042789A (en) * 2019-04-25 2019-07-23 常州机电职业技术学院 A kind of combined road clearing apparatus
CN110180486A (en) * 2019-06-04 2019-08-30 广州林电科技有限公司 A kind of packed tower with anti-blockage function for coal chemical industry

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2095224U (en) * 1991-03-02 1992-02-05 杜登文 Cleaner for rail of railway
CH692855A5 (en) * 1996-07-22 2002-11-29 Pete Hirsch Equipment for cleaning railway tracks is formed as vehicle with suitably formed wheels for track negotiation and at least one brush for track cleaning
CN100572675C (en) * 2007-08-24 2009-12-23 中国国际海运集装箱(集团)股份有限公司 Guide rail upper surface clearing apparatus
KR101427347B1 (en) * 2012-12-20 2014-08-06 주식회사 포스코 Rail cleaning device for overhead crane
CN204753482U (en) * 2015-06-29 2015-11-11 冯海 Rail cleaning device
CN206529734U (en) * 2016-12-30 2017-09-29 雷玉辉 A kind of railway maintenance sleeper surface sweeping device
CN106964491B (en) * 2017-04-08 2019-03-05 安徽盛运重工机械有限责任公司 A kind of electrostatic precipitator of automatic cleaning dust
CN107215598B (en) * 2017-05-20 2019-04-30 利辛县江淮扬天汽车有限公司 A kind of compartment automatic cleaning device of garbage truck

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