CN106936374B - A kind of photovoltaic cell middle Trombe wall - Google Patents

A kind of photovoltaic cell middle Trombe wall Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106936374B
CN106936374B CN201710278644.0A CN201710278644A CN106936374B CN 106936374 B CN106936374 B CN 106936374B CN 201710278644 A CN201710278644 A CN 201710278644A CN 106936374 B CN106936374 B CN 106936374B
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heat
trombe
phase
photovoltaic cell
photovoltaic
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CN201710278644.0A
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CN106936374A (en
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季杰
孙炜
马杨
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广东五星太阳能股份有限公司
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/10Photovoltaic [PV]

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of photovoltaic cell middle Trombe walls, the transparent cover plate that is set in sequence including ecto-entad, photovoltaic battery panel, PCM phase-changing heat accumulation plate, the wall heat insulation layer on wall, photovoltaic battery panel is adjacent on the left of the PCM phase-changing heat accumulation plate, air flow channel is formed between the wall heat insulation layer on the right side of PCM phase-changing heat accumulation plate, it is respectively arranged with outdoor or more air port in the upper and lower of air flow channel, interior or more air port is respectively arranged at the upper and lower position of wall heat insulation layer.The relatively existing photovoltaic cell middle Trombe wall of the present invention has the advantages that photovoltaic efficiency is high, is not easy to overheat, efficiency of heating- utilization is high, can also be antifreeze.

Description

A kind of photovoltaic cell middle Trombe wall

Technical field

The invention belongs to photovoltaic and photothermal solars to utilize and architecture-integral technical field, and in particular to a kind of to tie with building Close the photovoltaic cell middle Trombe wall of controllable heating, power generation.

Background technique

Te Longbu (Trombe) wall proposed for 1966 is with the naming of French scientist Felix Trombe, certainly This domestic and foreign scholars continue for semicentennial research to it.Traditional Trombe wall be with transparent cover plate, air flow channel, on Lower baffle plate, upper and lower air port and thermal-arrest wall composition.The working principle of Trombe wall;On daytime, the thermal-arrest wall of surface blacking absorbs too Sunlight, heats the air of air flow channel, and heated air can be flowed from bottom to top by the effect of siphon power, be flowed into through uptake Heating indoor space air, while also thering is partial heat to pass through the thermally conductive incoming indoor heating of south orientation wall;Night is stored in Nan Qiang Heat will be slow and be discharged into interior, it is too big to guarantee that room temperature will not fluctuate on daytime and night.

Trombe wall passes through semicentennial development, has and is widely applied and has many improvement projects, is such as collecting Increase insulating layer after hot wall, it is possible to reduce the indoor thermic load of summer.But its presence, which has a single function, appearance is inaesthetic lacks Point significantly impacts its promotion and application.Currently, the country has some photo-thermal relevant to Trombe wall or photovoltaic to utilize patent, It is if CN1944829A discloses a kind of photovoltaic passive heating system, photovoltaic/thermal of the photovoltaic cell in conjunction with Trombe wall is comprehensive Utilize system.For photovoltaic power generation technology, the sunlight 80% for being irradiated to photovoltaic cell is not converted into electric energy, but is converted to heat Can, the temperature of photovoltaic cell can therefore rise, and reduce its incident photon-to-electron conversion efficiency.In this photovoltaic passive heating system, light Volt battery is laminated to the transparent cover plate back side of Trombe wall using lamination, can be by between transparent cover plate and thermal-arrest wall The heat on photovoltaic cell surface is taken away in air flowing in air flow channel, and photovoltaic battery temperature can therefore decline, and improves photovoltaic electric The generated output in pond;Photovoltaic cell is pressed on transparent cover plate upper layer, the appearance of Trombe wall can be made more beautiful.This photovoltaic cell with The photovoltaic passive heating system that traditional Trombe wall combines solves traditional Trombe wall and has a single function and appearance is inaesthetic asks Topic.

Also there are a series of defects in above-mentioned photovoltaic passive heating system, as photovoltaic cell is laminated to meeting on transparent cover plate Stop most of sunlight to enter in Trombe wall, influences utilization of the Trombe wall for solar irradiation;What photovoltaic cell generated Heat can be directly lost in surrounding air by transparent cover plate, can reduce efficiency of heating- utilization.

Summary of the invention

In order to solve traditional Trombe wall have a single function with appearance unsightly with above-mentioned photovoltaic passive heating wall solar irradiation Using bad the shortcomings that declining with the thermal efficiency, heat supply in winter and photovoltaic power generation can satisfy the invention proposes one kind and can be simultaneous Care for a kind of photovoltaic cell middle Trombe wall of the thermal efficiency.

In order to achieve the above object, present invention employs following technical solutions:

A kind of photovoltaic cell middle Trombe wall, the transparent cover plate being set in sequence including ecto-entad, photovoltaic battery panel, Wall heat insulation layer on PCM phase-changing heat accumulation plate, wall, the PCM phase-changing heat accumulation plate left side are adjacent to photovoltaic battery panel, PCM phase transformation Air flow channel is formed between the wall heat insulation layer on the right side of heat accumulation plate, is respectively arranged on outdoor in the upper and lower of air flow channel Lower air port, is respectively arranged with interior or more air port at the upper and lower position of wall heat insulation layer, the outdoor air port up and down and described The indoor alternative opening and closing in air port up and down.

As the improved technical solution of the present invention, the distance between the photovoltaic battery panel and transparent cover plate are 1~5cm, The distance between the PCM phase-changing heat accumulation plate and wall heat insulation layer are 5~25cm.

As the improved technical solution of the present invention, the indoor ratio of air port sectional area and air flow channel sectional area up and down is 0.5~0.7.

As the improved technical solution of the present invention, the backboard of the photovoltaic battery panel is made of moulded heat-conductive insulated plastics, institute It states PCM phase-changing heat accumulation plate to be made of moulded heat-conductive insulated plastics encapsulation phase change heat storage material, the heat conductive insulating of the photovoltaic battery panel It is sticky in together between plastics and the moulded heat-conductive insulated plastics of the PCM phase-changing heat accumulation plate using heat-conducting glue.

Technical solution as a further improvement of that present invention, the phase change heat storage material mainly by nanometer two-dimensional material 2~ It is 5%wt, 0.5~1.5%wt of nano silver, 0.1~1%wt of nano-hydroxy ferrite, 0~1%wt of surfactant, silane coupled 0~1%wt of agent, 1~4%wt of inorganic salts, 2~3.5%wt of guar gum, 6~15%wt of polyvinyl alcohol, water surplus are constituted.

Further, the phase change heat storage material mainly by 3.2~4.2%wt of nanometer two-dimensional material, nano silver 0.6~ 1%wt, 0.3~0.8%wt of nano-hydroxy ferrite, 0~0.6%wt of surfactant, 0.2~0.8%wt of silane coupling agent, 2~3.5%wt of inorganic salts, 2.5~3%wt of guar gum, 8~12%wt of polyvinyl alcohol, water surplus are constituted.

Preferably, the phase change heat storage material is mainly by nanometer two-dimensional material 3.8%wt, nano silver 0.8%wt, nanometer hydroxyl Based ferrite 0.5%wt, surfactant 0.2%wt, silane coupling agent 0.5%wt, inorganic salts 2.8%wt, guar gum 2.8% Wt, polyvinyl alcohol 10%wt, water surplus are constituted.

Further, the nanometer two-dimensional material includes molybdenum sulfide two-dimensional material, the tungsten selenide two dimension with a thickness of 1~10nm At least one of material, black phosphorus two-dimensional material, bismuth selenide two-dimensional material.

Further, the partial size of the nano silver is 2~20nm, and the partial size of the nano-hydroxy ferrite is 2~20nm.

Further, the surfactant includes vinyl bis-stearamides, oleic acid acyl, glyceryl monostearate, three Tristerin, sodium benzoate, salicylic acid, sodium salicylate, p-aminobenzoic acid, urethane, urea, amide, in acetamide At least one, the silane coupling agent includes vinyltriethoxysilane, methyltrimethoxysilane, tetraethoxy-silicane At least one of alkane, vinyltrimethoxysilane, methylvinyldimethoxysilane, the inorganic salts include chlorination At least one of potassium, sodium chloride, magnesium chloride, potassium sulfate, sodium sulphate, potassium nitrate, sodium nitrate.

Further, the volume change in the phase-change material phase transition process is 1~3%, in higher than phase transition temperature It in the environment of point in the pasty state, is in gel in the environment of being lower than phase transformation temperature points.

Technical solution as a further improvement of that present invention, the PCM phase-changing heat accumulation plate are embedding by PCM phase-transition heat-storage packet array Enter in phase change plate array frame, be fixed into one piece of whole plate, is then made of moulded heat-conductive insulated plastics encapsulation.The present invention and the prior art Compared to the advantages of:

Photovoltaic cell middle Trombe wall of the present invention can not only carry out indoor heating, but also can carry out photovoltaic power generation.With The single heating function Trombe wall of tradition is compared, functional diversities and appearance looks elegant;With disclosed in the preceding CN1944829A That photovoltaic passive heating system is compared, and photovoltaic cell area is bigger, and system is smaller to the heat waste of environment, in summer to Indoor Thermal The influence of load is lower.And structure is simple, makes and easy for installation, and it is practical more convenient, it is specious, it has a extensive future.

Detailed description of the invention

Fig. 1 is schematic structural view of the invention.

Fig. 2 is the operating mode of Trombe wall summer of the present invention.

Fig. 3 is another operating mode of Trombe wall summer of the present invention.

Fig. 4 is the operating mode on daytime in Trombe wall winter of the present invention.

Fig. 5 is the operating mode at night in Trombe wall winter of the present invention.

The meaning that serial number marks in figure is as follows:

1- transparent cover plate, 2- photovoltaic cell, 3-PCM phase-changing heat accumulation plate, 4- air flow channel, 5- wall heat insulation layer, outside the room 6- Overhead gage, uptake outside the room 7-, lower baffle plate outside the room 8-, outside the room 9- lower air port, overhead gage in the room 10-, uptake in the room 11-, 12- Air port, lower baffle plate in the room 13- are descended in interior.

Specific embodiment

Explanation is further explained to Trombe wall of the invention with attached drawing combined with specific embodiments below.

As shown in Figure 1, photovoltaic cell middle Trombe wall of the invention includes transparent cover plate 1, the photovoltaic being parallel to each other Solar panel 2, PCM phase-changing heat accumulation plate 3, the wall heat insulation layer 5 on wall.Photovoltaic battery panel 2 is adjacent on the left of PCM phase-changing heat accumulation plate 3, Air flow channel 4 is formed between 3 right side of PCM phase-changing heat accumulation plate and the wall heat insulation layer 5.Room is equipped on the top of air flow channel 4 Outer uptake 7, lower part are equipped with outdoor lower air port 9;Outdoor overhead gage 6 and outdoor lower baffle plate 8 are installed in outdoor air port up and down; There is indoor uptake 11 on the top of wall heat insulation layer 5 and wall, indoor leeward mouth 12 is arranged at lower part;Air port up and down indoors point Indoor overhead gage 10 and indoor lower baffle plate 13 are not installed.Photovoltaic battery panel 2 is placed in transparent cover plate 1, photovoltaic battery panel 2 produces Raw heat would not be directly lost in air, to improve the efficiency of heating- utilization of photovoltaic battery panel 2.In photovoltaic battery panel 2 PCM phase-changing heat accumulation plate 3 is close at the back side, and the heat of the generation of part photovoltaic battery panel 2 can be absorbed in it, and photovoltaic battery panel 2 is helped to drop Furthermore temperature, the incident photon-to-electron conversion efficiency for improving photovoltaic battery panel 2 exist to further increase the efficiency of heating- utilization of photovoltaic battery panel 2 Cold area, the PCM phase-changing heat accumulation plate 3 can also discharge latent heat when cold, to protect 2 quilt of photovoltaic battery panel It is freezing, it can also be in chill night to indoor heating, to improve the efficiency of heating- utilization of photovoltaic battery panel 2 again.

Spacing between photovoltaic battery panel 2 and transparent cover plate 1 should not be too large, if spacing is excessive, can increase frame shade pair The negative effect of photovoltaic cell.Therefore the distance between the photovoltaic battery panel 2 and transparent cover plate 1 be 1~5cm, preferably 3cm, The distance between the PCM phase-changing heat accumulation plate 3 and wall heat insulation layer 5 are 5~25cm, preferably 15cm.As of the invention preferred Scheme, the indoor ratio of air port sectional area and air flow channel sectional area up and down are 0.5~0.7.

Since the heat that photovoltaic cell generates passes to PCM phase change heat storage material plate 3 by the backboard of photovoltaic battery panel 2, Then the air of air flow channel 4 is heated by the backboard of phase change heat storage material plate 3, therefore needs the backboard of photovoltaic battery panel 2 And the shell of PCM phase change heat storage material plate 3 all has higher thermal coefficient, while to prevent photovoltaic battery panel 2.The present invention adopts It is the backboard of moulded heat-conductive insulated plastics production photovoltaic battery panel 2, and encapsulates phase change heat storage material system using moulded heat-conductive insulated plastics At PCM phase change heat storage material plate 3.In order to enhance the heat-transfer effect between photovoltaic battery panel 2 and PCM phase change heat storage material plate 3, light It lies prostrate and is sticky between the moulded heat-conductive insulated plastics of solar panel 2 and the moulded heat-conductive insulated plastics of the PCM phase-changing heat accumulation plate 3 using heat-conducting glue Together, naturally it is also possible to not have to heat-conducting glue, at least heat-transfer effect is slightly poor.The PCM phase-changing heat accumulation plate 3 can for convenience of manufacture, By being fixed into one piece of whole plate, then being encapsulated with moulded heat-conductive insulated plastics in PCM phase-transition heat-storage packet array insertion phase change plate array frame It is made.

In the present invention, the phase transition temperature of phase change heat storage material is 20 DEG C~30 DEG C, and main component is nanometer two-dimensional material 3.2~4.2%wt, 0.6~1%wt of nano silver, 0.3~0.8%wt of nano-hydroxy ferrite, surfactant 0~0.6% Wt, 0.2~0.8%wt of silane coupling agent, 2~3.5%wt of inorganic salts, 2.5~3%wt of guar gum, polyvinyl alcohol 8~12% Wt, water surplus.Preparation method is 1) by nanometer two-dimensional material, nano silver, nano-hydroxy ferrite, surfactant, silane Coupling agent, polyvinyl alcohol blending are uniform;2) guar gum is distributed in water, is heated to 50~60 DEG C, melted guar gum and rise, formed Transparent adhesive tape body fluid one;3) then inorganic salts are added in the transparent adhesive tape body fluid in step 2), stirring and dissolving obtains colloidal solution two; 4) blend of step 1) is added in colloidal solution two made from step 3), stirs evenly, obtains pastes;5) by step 4) Pastes obtained is fitted into aluminium box, is cooled to 5~20 DEG C, obtains gel phase change heat storage material;6) step 5) is obtained Gel phase change heat storage material be heated to be greater than 30 DEG C when, the phase change heat storage material is changed into paste by gel;7) again Secondary cooling can obtain gelatinous phase change heat storage material again.

The formula of phase change heat storage material one is as follows:

The phase transition temperature of phase change heat storage material one is 20 DEG C, and the volume change in phase transition process is 1.9%.

The formula of phase change heat storage material two is as follows:

The phase transition temperature of phase change heat storage material two is 23 DEG C, and the volume change in phase transition process is 1.4%.

The formula of phase change heat storage material three is as follows:

The phase transition temperature of phase change heat storage material three is 27 DEG C, and the volume change in phase transition process is 1%.

The formula of phase change heat storage material four is as follows:

The phase transition temperature of phase change heat storage material four is 27 DEG C, and the volume change in phase transition process is 2.2%.

The formula of phase change heat storage material five is as follows:

The phase transition temperature of phase change heat storage material five is 30 DEG C, and the volume change in phase transition process is 3%.

The formula of phase change heat storage material six is as follows:

The phase transition temperature of phase change heat storage material six is 25 DEG C, and the volume change in phase transition process is 1.3%.

The formula of phase change heat storage material seven is as follows:

The phase transition temperature of phase change heat storage material seven is 25 DEG C, and the volume change in phase transition process is 1.7%.

The formula of phase change heat storage material eight is as follows:

The phase transition temperature of phase change heat storage material eight is 21 DEG C, and the volume change in phase transition process is 1.9%.

The formula of phase change heat storage material nine is as follows:

The phase transition temperature of phase change heat storage material nine is 27 DEG C, and the volume change in phase transition process is 1.1%.

Since phase change heat storage material of the invention is paste or gel, the volume change in phase transition process is small, Gu Qibao It is not easy to leak in aluminium box, use is more safe and reliable.

In the present invention, photovoltaic cell middle Trombe wall is as follows:

As shown in Fig. 2, closing indoor overhead gage 10 and indoor lower baffle plate 13 in summer, can so making on interior Air port 11 and indoor lower air port 12 are in close state, and are opened simultaneously outdoor overhead gage 6 and outdoor lower baffle plate 8, can be made outdoor Uptake 7 and outdoor lower air port 9 be in opening state.Pass through siphon masterpiece in the air heats of summer day, air flow channel 4 It is flowed from bottom to top with air is formed, heat a part that photovoltaic cell generates is absorbed by PCM phase-changing heat accumulation plate, and a part can quilt The air of flowing takes away photovoltaic cell, and double action reduces the operating temperature of photovoltaic cell, guarantees that photovoltaic cell is in high efficiency Working condition.Air flow channel 4 also acts as the effect that the heat for preventing photovoltaic cell from generating directly heats wall, compared to existing Trombe wall or photovoltaic Trombe wall, can reduce indoor heat load.

As shown in figure 3, closing indoor overhead gage 10 and outdoor lower baffle plate 8 in summer day, can so making indoor windward Mouth 11 and outdoor lower air port 9 are in close state, and are opened simultaneously outdoor overhead gage 6 and interior lower baffle plate 13, can be made outdoor Uptake 7 and indoor lower air port 12 are in opening state.Air heats in air flow channel 4 can shape by the effect of siphon power At the air circulation approach of uptake 11 outside the lower room air port 12- air flow channel 4- in room air-interior.One side air stream PCM The back side of phase-changing heat accumulation plate 3 can take away 2 backboard of photovoltaic battery panel and be conducted through the heat come, effectively reduce the temperature of photovoltaic cell Degree;On the other hand, room can carry out gravity-flow ventilation in this way.

As shown in figure 4, daytime in winter, opens indoor overhead gage 10 and indoor lower baffle plate 13, can so make interior Uptake 11 and indoor lower air port 12 are in opening state, while closing outdoor overhead gage 6 and outdoor lower baffle plate 8, can make room Outer uptake 7 and outdoor lower air port 9 are in close state.In winter, the air heats of air flow channel 4 pass through siphon masterpiece With the flowing of meeting from bottom to top.Room air by indoor lower air port 12, into PCM phase-changing heat accumulation plate 3 and wall insulating layer 5 it Between air flow channel 4, heated air passes through indoor uptake 11 and flows into interior, can effectively promote indoor air temperature. Indoors while heating, the heat of air flow channel is also taken away, photovoltaic cell can so be cooled down, photovoltaic cell is improved Working efficiency.In winter at night, phase-changing heat accumulation plate 3 discharges latent heat, heats the air of air flow channel 4, night also can be improved Indoor air temperature.

As shown in figure 5, night in winter, closes indoor overhead gage 10 and indoor lower baffle plate 13, indoor uptake 11 It is in close state with air port 12 under interior;Outdoor overhead gage 6 and outdoor lower baffle plate 8 are closed, outdoor 7 He of uptake can be made The lower air port 9 in outdoor is in close state.All air ports are closed, prevent indoor heat from outflowing by air port, maintain room temperature.

The above embodiment is a preferred embodiment of the present invention, but embodiments of the present invention are not by the limit of above-described embodiment System, other any changes made without departing from the spirit and principles of the present invention, modification, replacement, combination, simplification, It should be equivalent substitute mode, be included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of photovoltaic cell middle Trombe wall, the transparent cover plate being set in sequence including ecto-entad, photovoltaic battery panel, Wall heat insulation layer on PCM phase-changing heat accumulation plate, wall, the PCM phase-changing heat accumulation plate left side are adjacent to photovoltaic battery panel, PCM phase transformation Air flow channel is formed between the wall heat insulation layer on the right side of heat accumulation plate, is respectively arranged on outdoor in the upper and lower of air flow channel Lower air port, is respectively arranged with interior or more air port at the upper and lower position of wall heat insulation layer, the outdoor air port up and down and described The indoor alternative opening and closing in air port up and down, the backboard of the photovoltaic battery panel are made of moulded heat-conductive insulated plastics, the PCM phase Become heat accumulation plate to be made of moulded heat-conductive insulated plastics encapsulation phase change heat storage material, the moulded heat-conductive insulated plastics of the photovoltaic battery panel and institute State and be sticky in together between the moulded heat-conductive insulated plastics of PCM phase-changing heat accumulation plate using heat-conducting glue, the phase change heat storage material mainly by 2~5%wt of nanometer two-dimensional material, 0.5~1.5%wt of nano silver, 0.1~1%wt of nano-hydroxy ferrite, surfactant 0 ~1%wt, 0~1%wt of silane coupling agent, 1~4%wt of inorganic salts, 2~3.5%wt of guar gum, 6~15%wt of polyvinyl alcohol, Water surplus is constituted.
2. photovoltaic cell middle Trombe wall according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the photovoltaic battery panel and thoroughly The distance between bright cover board is 1~5cm, and the distance between the PCM phase-changing heat accumulation plate and wall heat insulation layer are 5~25cm.
3. photovoltaic cell middle Trombe wall according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: indoor air port sectional area up and down Ratio with air flow channel sectional area is 0.5~0.7.
4. photovoltaic cell middle Trombe wall according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the nanometer two-dimensional material packet Include the molybdenum sulfide two-dimensional material with a thickness of 1~10nm, tungsten selenide two-dimensional material, black phosphorus two-dimensional material, in bismuth selenide two-dimensional material At least one.
5. photovoltaic cell middle Trombe wall according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the partial size of the nano silver is 2~20nm, the partial size of the nano-hydroxy ferrite are 2~20nm.
6. photovoltaic cell middle Trombe wall according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the surfactant includes Vinyl bis-stearamides, oleic acid acyl, glyceryl monostearate, glyceryl tristearate, sodium benzoate, salicylic acid, salicylic acid At least one of sodium, p-aminobenzoic acid, urethane, urea, amide, acetamide, the silane coupling agent include vinyl Triethoxysilane, methyltrimethoxysilane, tetraethoxysilane, vinyltrimethoxysilane, methyl ethylene diformazan At least one of oxysilane, the inorganic salts include potassium chloride, sodium chloride, magnesium chloride, potassium sulfate, sodium sulphate, potassium nitrate, At least one of sodium nitrate.
7. photovoltaic cell middle Trombe wall according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the phase change heat storage material Volume change in phase transition process is 1~3%, in being higher than in the environment of phase transformation temperature points in the pasty state, is being lower than phase transformation It is in gel in the environment of temperature spot.
8. photovoltaic cell middle Trombe wall according to claim 1-7, it is characterised in that: the PCM phase Become heat accumulation plate by one piece of whole plate being fixed into, then using heat conductive insulating in PCM phase-transition heat-storage packet array insertion phase change plate array frame Plastic Package is made.
CN201710278644.0A 2017-04-25 2017-04-25 A kind of photovoltaic cell middle Trombe wall CN106936374B (en)

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