CN106911113A - It is applied to the icing sweeping robot of overhead power transmission line - Google Patents

It is applied to the icing sweeping robot of overhead power transmission line Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106911113A
CN106911113A CN201710309601.4A CN201710309601A CN106911113A CN 106911113 A CN106911113 A CN 106911113A CN 201710309601 A CN201710309601 A CN 201710309601A CN 106911113 A CN106911113 A CN 106911113A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
deicing
cable
icing
house
shell
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Granted
Application number
CN201710309601.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106911113B (en
Inventor
杨蒙蒙
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Hunan University
Changzhou Institute of Technology
Beijing University of Civil Engineering and Architecture
Hunan Institute of Science and Technology
Original Assignee
Chengdu Zhongji Yingke Science & Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201710309601.4A priority Critical patent/CN106911113B/en
Publication of CN106911113A publication Critical patent/CN106911113A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN106911113B publication Critical patent/CN106911113B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02GINSTALLATION OF ELECTRIC CABLES OR LINES, OR OF COMBINED OPTICAL AND ELECTRIC CABLES OR LINES
    • H02G7/00Overhead installations of electric lines or cables
    • H02G7/16Devices for removing snow or ice from lines or cables

Abstract

The invention discloses the icing sweeping robot for being applied to overhead power transmission line, including upper shell and lower house, it is on the side wall of homonymy in upper shell and lower house and is respectively equipped with otic placode, two otic placodes are bolted, supporting plate is provided with upper shell, supporting plate bottom is provided with multiple card adapter plates, U-shaped opening is provided with card adapter plate, two cones are provided with the bottom of U-shaped opening, two stepper motors are provided with inside lower house, be provided with connecting rod in the output end of stepper motor, be provided with spiral on connecting rod outer wall, two spirals respectively with two circular cone mates;Connecting plate is additionally provided with supporting plate bottom, upper snap ring fixed connecting plate lower end is provided with cingulum, the gear coordinated with cingulum is provided with the output end of motor on its external wall along the circumference of deicing head.The present invention using mechanical deicing substitute it is traditional it is artificial beat mode, while overhead line deicing efficiency is improved, considerably increase the safety reliability of overhead line deicing.

Description

It is applied to the icing sweeping robot of overhead power transmission line
Technical field
The present invention relates to power domain, and in particular to be applied to the icing sweeping robot of overhead power transmission line.
Background technology
Snow disaster causes State Grid Corporation of China's direct property loss up to 10,500,000,000 yuan, and power system restoration is rebuild and transformation needs after calamity Substantial contribution puts into.Operating wire is generated heat due to conveying electric energy, is frozen the initial stage, and some ice can be by the heat of wire Melted, but because air temperature and humidity is highly beneficial to freezing, while the adhesion of sleet is stronger so that freeze speed Degree has exceeded ice-melt speed quickly, thus icing on wire also can be increasingly thicker, and the icing for constantly aggravating holds wire tension Continuous increase, accumulation will trigger wire to reel off raw silk from cocoons to a certain extent, destruction of breaking, and cause line outage.For stop transport circuit, due to Conductive line surfaces temperature is very low, and icing will be more serious, it is easier to cause the generation of broken string.
When the increased mechanical load of wire icing institute exceedes design permissible value to a certain extent, cause to break, the thing of falling shaft tower Therefore;Upper and lower or horizontally arranged wire, because wire icing come off generation it is asynchronous jump wave, cause up and down or horizontal wire connect It is near that phase fault tripping operation occurs.The de-icing work of current high-voltage line is used and manually carried out mostly.Arctic weather, work high above the ground is given Artificial deicing brings very big potential safety hazard and difficulty of construction, and relies primarily on manpower deicing, and high pressure is climbed up by power worker Being beaten along transmission tower iron hammer, pull bar, bamboo rod makes coating ice falling, but not only efficiency is low but also to power worker for this method Life security causes greatly threat.
The content of the invention
Present invention aim at the icing sweeping robot that offer is applied to overhead power transmission line, replacement manually beats deicing Mode, improves the efficiency and security performance of overhead transmission line deicing.
The present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions:
The icing sweeping robot of overhead power transmission line, including the upper shell and lower house being hinged are applied to, and in institute State upper shell and lower house is on the side wall of homonymy and is respectively equipped with otic placode, two otic placodes are bolted, in upper casing Body two ends have semicircular through hole, and semicircular aperture is had at lower house two ends, and positioned at the logical of the same side Hole respectively constitutes the import and outlet for cable turnover with aperture, and the supporting plate of horizontal positioned is provided with the upper shell, Supporting plate bottom interval is provided with multiple card adapter plates, is provided with the U-shaped opening passed through for cable in card adapter plate, and U-shaped opening court To just to the lower house, two cones being provided with the bottom of U-shaped opening, two stepping electricity are provided with inside the lower house Machine, and output end in stepper motor is provided with connecting rod, and axial direction along connecting rod is provided with spiral, two spirals on its external wall Respectively with two circular cone mates positioned at U-shaped opening bottom, groove is provided with the bending section of the U-shaped opening, and Rotated on the two side of groove and be provided with rotating shaft, roller is fixed on rotating shaft middle part, after the roller locally protrudes from the groove With the cable outer circle wall upper-end contact;
Connecting plate, semicircular upper snap ring fixed connecting plate lower end, in lower house are additionally provided with the supporting plate bottom Semicircular lower snap ring is fixed with, deep-slotted chip breaker is provided with the inwall of upper snap ring and lower snap ring, and two deep-slotted chip breakers merge An annular groove for closing is constituted, also including deicing head, deicing head is hinged by two and section semicircular in shape is removed Slab is constituted, and forms a cylindrical region passed through for cable in deicing centriciput, along deicing head it is circumferential on its external wall A circle cingulum is provided with, and a connecting hole connected with deep-slotted chip breaker is provided with lower snap ring bottom, be fixed with the lower house Motor, and gear is connected with the output end of motor, the gear coordinates after connecting hole with cingulum.It is existing Electric power networks in, easily there is the phenomenon of icing in the winter time in trolley line, and inventor designs a kind of ice removing machine for the problem Device people, using mechanical deicing substitute it is traditional it is artificial beat mode, while overhead line deicing efficiency is improved, considerably increase The safety reliability of overhead line deicing;When specifically used, directly upper shell is buckled on cable, i.e., the U-shaped in multiple card adapter plates Opening directly and cable contact, then closes up lower house with upper shell, using bolt by upper shell and lower casing body sidewall Otic placode is connected, while starting stepper motor and motor, deicing head starts quick between upper snap ring and lower snap ring Rotation, while so that spiral on connecting rod directly occurs relative motion with cone, upper shell is with lower house then along cable axis Start movement, the deicing head of rotation at a high speed carries out circumgyration incision to the icing being covered on cable outer wall, to realize mechanical deicing Operation.
Wherein, deicing head as cable deicing critical piece, by two be hinged except slab is constituted, in upper shell After being fixedly connected with lower house, upper snap ring completes centering and forms a closed cylindrical region with lower snap ring, and deicing operation is opened Before beginning, two semicircular deicing sleeve-boards are located on cable outer wall first, so latter two non-articulated end for removing slab passes through The mode of clamping is connected, to form a complete deicing head for ring-type, after deicing starts, the gear of motor output Coordinate with cingulum after through connecting hole, drive deicing head to carry out circular motion, to realize deicing purpose;In supporting plate bottom even Be provided with multiple card adapter plates, and the U-shaped opening set in card adapter plate direction just to lower house bottom so that upper shell, lower casing Contact point and contact surface between body and cable increase, and the part on the cable outer wall skimmed over by deicing head can be avoided to remain Ice slag causes upper shell to be beated, with ensure it is robot stabilized moved along cable outer wall, and by deicing head be placed on upper snap ring with In the cylindrical region constituted described in lower snap ring, and using the mutual restriction between cingulum and deep-slotted chip breaker, existed with reducing deicing head Along cable bounce amplitude radially;Further, due to the driver part of robot interior, while the larger portion of own wt Part is arranged in lower house so that the center of gravity of robot is below the axle center of cable, even if occurring machine in ice detachment When bounce locally occurring or the larger situation of wind-force is run into of people, is still able to ensure that robot will not integrally occur excessive Upset amount, and then ensure the deicing efficiency of robot, while having prevented the security incident triggered after robot falls and falls Or property loss.Further, U-shaped opening is placed on when on cable, and its bending section and two parts of vertical section are Meeting and cable contact, and card adapter plate is for cable outer wall, the hardness is bigger of card adapter plate so that can occur between the two hard Property contact, and the relatively poor cable outer wall of hardness is then easily damaged by scratch, in this regard, inventor be provided with bending section it is recessed Groove, and roller is arranged on the side wall of groove by axis of rotation, when card adapter plate and cable do relative motion, roller and cable The upper-end contact of outer wall, realizes being in rolling contact for roller and cable, compared with sliding contact before, outside the less cable of intensity Wall is not damaged, and then while improving the cleaning effect of cable icing, reduces the injury to cable in itself.
The extension being connected including body and with body except slab, cingulum is arranged on the outer circle wall of body, And along the direction of cable deicing, the spacing between the extension outer wall and body axis is successively decreased.Two are surrounded composition except slab Deicing head, wherein, motor drives cingulum and body to move in a circle, and extension outer wall be connected with body end and Spacing between body axis is successively decreased so that except the end of slab forms a sharp portion, the sharp portion can be in the same of rotation When quick incision cable outer wall on icing in, to accelerate the speed of cable part deicing.
Along the direction of cable deicing, the cone that opens ice is provided with the side wall of the upper shell, and the cone that opens ice is located at deicing Head top.For the serious part of path that freezes, the cone that opens ice is set on the side wall of upper shell, and the cone that opens ice is located on deicing head Side so that the cone that opens ice directly is contacted before deicing head is contacted with icing with the icing, and carries out treatment of cracking to the icing, and then The bulk strength of the relatively large icing of build is reduced, to reduce the live load of deicing head, accelerates the progress of cable deicing.
Two stepper motors are symmetrically distributed in the both sides of the motor.Preferably, two stepper motors with And a weight for motor, compared with robot interior remaining part, proportion is bigger than normal, and inventor is by two stepper motors Be symmetricly set on the both sides of motor, ensure deicing head rotate freely the movement overall with robot it is non-interference before Put so that the stress relative equilibrium at lower house two ends, it is to avoid the phenomenons such as upset occurs in ice detachment in robot.
Circumferential along the roller is provided with intermediate row teeth and two side toothrows, and two sides on its outer circle wall Toothrow is symmetrically distributed in the both sides of the intermediate row teeth, and the distance of the crown of the intermediate row teeth away from roller axis is h, the tooth of side toothrow Distance of the point away from roller axis is H, and meets H>h.The roller of setting can not only be reduced between card adapter plate and cable outer wall Mutually loss, can also be increased to the clear of the residual ice slag on cable outer wall to a certain extent by intermediate row teeth and two side toothrows Reason, and the distance of the crown away from roller axis of intermediate row teeth is less than the distance of the crown away from roller axis of side toothrow so that rolling It is distributed in ladder on the outer circle wall of wheel, and the residual ice slag of cable outer wall the top part is rolled by intermediate row teeth, and Two side toothrows are then rolled to the residual ice slag on cable two side, and between also being left between intermediate row teeth and side toothrow Gap so that the ice slag being grinded up is discharged along the gap, prevents from adhering to more ice crystal on roller and increasing cable and U-shaped opening Between gap.
The intermediate row teeth and two side toothrows are elastomeric material.Preferably, the middle row of elastomeric material Tooth and two side toothrows can remain with the flexible connection between cable outer wall, to ensure to be scanned in icing sweeping robot Later cable stands intact.
Also include waterproof cover, and the waterproof cover is fully wrapped around by the stepper motor, and opened on the side wall of waterproof cover There is perforation, bearing is provided with perforation, stretch out after the output end of stepper motor and the bearing fit.Preferably, being Stepper motor is influenceed by the ice slag under card adapter plate scratch in avoiding lower house, waterproof cover is set in lower house, the waterproof cover Stepper motor is fully wrapped around, to prevent the immersion of ice slag in lower house.
The present invention compared with prior art, has the following advantages and advantages:
1st, the present invention is applied to the icing sweeping robot of overhead power transmission line, is manually struck using mechanical deicing's replacement is traditional The mode of beating, while overhead line deicing efficiency is improved, considerably increases the safety reliability of overhead line deicing;
2nd, the present invention is applied to the icing sweeping robot of overhead power transmission line, in avoiding lower house stepper motor by clamping Ice slag under plate scratches is influenceed, and waterproof cover is set in lower house, and the waterproof cover is fully wrapped around by stepper motor, to prevent down The immersion of ice slag in housing;
3rd, the present invention is applied to the icing sweeping robot of overhead power transmission line, for the serious part of path that freezes, in upper casing The cone that opens ice is set on the side wall of body, and the cone that opens ice is located at deicing head top so that the cone that opens ice is straight before deicing head is contacted with icing Connect and contacted with the icing, and treatment of cracking is carried out to the icing, and then reduce the bulk strength of the relatively large icing of build, with Reduce the live load of deicing head, accelerate the progress of cable deicing;
4th, the present invention is applied to the icing sweeping robot of overhead power transmission line, and two stepper motors are symmetricly set on into driving The both sides of motor, ensure deicing head rotate freely the movement overall with robot it is non-interference on the premise of so that lower casing The stress relative equilibrium at body two ends, it is to avoid the phenomenons such as upset occurs in ice detachment in robot.
Brief description of the drawings
Accompanying drawing described herein is used for providing further understanding the embodiment of the present invention, constitutes of the application Point, do not constitute the restriction to the embodiment of the present invention.In the accompanying drawings:
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of card adapter plate;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of deicing head;
Fig. 4 is the sectional view of deicing head;
Fig. 5 is side view of the invention;
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of roller.
Mark and corresponding parts title in accompanying drawing:
1- upper shells, 2- card adapter plates, 3- supporting plates, 4- cables, 5- connecting plates, the upper snap rings of 6-, 7- cingulums, 8- deicing head, 9- open ice cone, 10- lower houses, 11- motors, 12- spirals, 13- connecting rods, 14- cones, 15- waterproof covers, 16- gears, 17- stepper motors, 18- otic placodes, 19- grooves, 20- rotating shafts, 21- rollers, 22-U shapes opening, 23- sides toothrow, 24- intermediate row teeths.
Specific embodiment
To make the object, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention become more apparent, with reference to embodiment and accompanying drawing, to this Invention is described in further detail, and exemplary embodiment of the invention and its explanation are only used for explaining the present invention, do not make It is limitation of the invention.
Embodiment 1
As shown in Fig. 1~5, the present embodiment includes the upper shell 1 being hinged and lower house 10, and in the upper shell 1 It is on the side wall of homonymy with lower house 10 and is respectively equipped with otic placode 18, two otic placodes 18 is bolted, in upper shell 1 Two ends have semicircular through hole, and semicircular aperture is had at the two ends of lower house 10, and positioned at the logical of the same side Hole respectively constitutes the import and outlet for the turnover of cable 4 with aperture, and the supporting plate 3 of horizontal positioned is provided with the upper shell 1, The bottom interval of supporting plate 3 is provided with multiple card adapter plates 2, the U-shaped opening 22 passed through for cable 4, and U-shaped are provided with card adapter plate 2 The direction of opening 22 is provided with two cones 14, in the lower house 10 just to the lower house 10 in the bottom of U-shaped opening 22 Inside is provided with two stepper motors 17, and output end in stepper motor 17 is provided with connecting rod 13, and along connecting rod 13 axially at it Outer wall is provided with spiral 12, and two spirals 12 are engaged with two cones 14 positioned at the bottom of U-shaped opening 22 respectively, Groove 19 is provided with the bending section of the U-shaped opening 22, and rotation is provided with rotating shaft 20, roller 21 on the two side of groove 19 Be fixed on the middle part of rotating shaft 20, the roller 21 is local protrude from after the groove 19 with the outer circle wall upper-end contact of the cable 4;
Connecting plate 5, the semicircular lower end of 6 fixed connecting plate of upper snap ring 5, in lower casing are additionally provided with the bottom of the supporting plate 3 Semicircular lower snap ring is fixed with body 10, deep-slotted chip breaker, and two arcs are provided with the inwall of upper snap ring 6 and lower snap ring Groove merges the annular groove for constituting a closing, and also including deicing first 8, the deicing first 8 is hinged by two and section is in half It is circular and to form a cylindrical region passed through for cable 4 at first 8 middle part of deicing except slab is constituted, along the circumference of deicing first 8 A circle cingulum 7 is provided with its external wall, and is provided with a connecting hole connected with deep-slotted chip breaker in lower snap ring bottom, in the lower casing Motor 11 is fixed with body 10, and gear 16 is connected with the output end of motor 11, the gear 16 is through company Kong Houyu cingulums 7 are connect to coordinate.In existing electric power networks, easily there is the phenomenon of icing in the winter time in trolley line, and inventor is directed to The problem designs a kind of deicing robot, using mechanical deicing substitute it is traditional it is artificial beat mode, removed trolley line is improved While ice efficiency, the safety reliability of overhead line deicing is considerably increased;When specifically used, upper shell 1 is directly buckled into line On cable 4, i.e., the U-shaped opening 22 in multiple card adapter plates 2 is directly contacted with cable 4, then closes up lower house 10 with upper shell 1, Upper shell 1 is connected with the otic placode 18 on the side wall of lower house 10 using bolt, while starting stepper motor 17 and driving Motor 11, deicing first 8 starts quickly to be rotated between upper snap ring 6 and lower snap ring, while so that the spiral 12 on connecting rod 13 is direct There is relative motion with cone 14, upper shell 1 then starts movement with lower house 10 along the axis of cable 4, the deicing of rotation at a high speed The first 8 pairs icings being covered on the outer wall of cable 4 carry out circumgyration incision, to realize mechanical deicing's operation.
Wherein, deicing first 8 as the deicing of cable 4 critical piece, by two be hinged except slab is constituted, in upper casing After body 1 is fixedly connected with lower house 10, upper snap ring 6 completes centering and forms a closed cylindrical region, deicing with lower snap ring Before operation starts, two semicircular deicing sleeve-boards are located on the outer wall of cable 4 first, so latter two is except the non-articulated of slab End is connected by way of clamping, and to form a complete deicing first 8 for ring-type, after deicing starts, motor 11 is exported Gear 16 at end coordinates after passing through connecting hole with cingulum 7, drives deicing first 8 to carry out circular motion, to realize deicing purpose; The bottom even of supporting plate 3 is provided with the direction of the U-shaped opening 22 set in multiple card adapter plates 2, and card adapter plate 2 just to lower house 10 Bottom so that contact point and contact surface between upper shell 1, lower house 10 and cable 4 increase, and can avoid by deicing first 8 Part residual ice slag on the outer wall of cable 4 for skimming over causes upper shell 1 to be beated, robot stabilized along the outer wall of cable 4 to ensure It is mobile, and deicing first 8 is placed in upper snap ring 6 and the cylindrical region constituted described in lower snap ring, and utilize cingulum 7 and arc Mutual restriction between groove, to reduce deicing first 8 in the bounce amplitude along cable 4 radially;Further, due in robot The driver part in portion, while the larger part of own wt is arranged in lower house 10 so that the center of gravity of robot is in cable 4 Axle center below, even if occurring when bounce locally occurring or the larger situation of wind-force is run into of robot in ice detachment, It is still able to ensure that robot will not integrally occur excessive upset amount, and then ensures the deicing efficiency of robot, while prevents Security incident or property loss that robot triggers after falling and falling.Further, U-shaped opening 22 is placed online When on cable, its bending section and two parts of vertical section can be contacted with cable 4, and card adapter plate 2 is relative to the outer wall of cable 4 Speech, the hardness is bigger of card adapter plate 2 so that hard contact can occur between the two, and the relatively poor outer wall of cable 4 of hardness then holds Easily be damaged by scratch, in this regard, inventor is provided with groove 19 on bending section, and roller 21 be rotatably arranged on by rotating shaft 20 it is recessed On the side wall of groove 19, when card adapter plate 2 and cable 4 do relative motion, the upper-end contact of roller 21 and the outer wall of cable 4 realizes rolling Wheel 21 is in rolling contact with cable 4, and compared with sliding contact before, the less outer wall of cable 4 of intensity is not damaged, Jin Erti While the cleaning effect of cable icing high, reduce to the injury of of cable 4 itself.
Wherein, the extension being connected including body and with body except slab, cingulum 7 is arranged on the excircle of body On wall, and along the direction of the deicing of cable 4, the spacing between the extension outer wall and body axis is successively decreased.Two are closed except slab Composition deicing first 8 is enclosed, wherein, motor 11 drives cingulum 7 and body to move in a circle, and prolonging of being connected with body end Stretch the spacing section between outer wall and body axis to successively decrease so that except the end of slab forms a sharp portion, the sharp portion can In icing while rotation on the quick incision outer wall of cable 4, to accelerate the speed of the local deicing of cable 4.
Further, along the direction of the deicing of cable 4, the cone 9 that opens ice is provided with the side wall of the upper shell 1, and it is described broken Ice piton 9 is located at first 8 top of deicing.For the serious part of path that freezes, the cone 9 that opens ice is set on the side wall of upper shell 1, and opens ice Cone 9 is located at first 8 top of deicing so that the cone 9 that opens ice directly is contacted before deicing first 8 is contacted with icing with the icing, and this is covered Ice carries out treatment of cracking, and then reduces the bulk strength of the relatively large icing of build, to reduce the live load of deicing first 8, Accelerate the progress of the deicing of cable 4.
In the present embodiment, circumferential along the roller 21 is provided with intermediate row teeth 24 and two sides rows on its outer circle wall Tooth 23, and two side toothrows 23 are symmetrically distributed in the both sides of the intermediate row teeth 24, the crown of the intermediate row teeth 24 is away from roller The distance of 21 axis is h, and the distance of the crown of side toothrow 23 away from the axis of roller 21 is H, and meets H>h.The roller 21 of setting is not The mutual loss between card adapter plate 2 and the outer wall of cable 4 can be only reduced, can also be one by intermediate row teeth 24 and two side toothrows 23 Determine to increase in degree the cleaning to the residual ice slag on the outer wall of cable 4, and intermediate row teeth 24 crown away from the axis of roller 21 away from From being less than the crown of side toothrow 23 with a distance from the axis of roller 21 so that be distributed in ladder on the outer circle wall of roller 21, and The residual ice slag of the outer wall the top part of cable 4 is rolled by intermediate row teeth 24, and two side toothrows 23 are then to the both sides of cable 4 Residual ice slag on wall is rolled, and also leaves gap between intermediate row teeth 24 and side toothrow 23 so that the ice being grinded up Slag is discharged along the gap, prevents from adhering to more ice crystal on roller 21 and increasing the gap between cable 4 and U-shaped opening 22.
Preferably, the intermediate row teeth 24 of elastomeric material and two side toothrows 23 can be remained and the outer wall of cable 4 Between flexible connection, with ensure the cable 4 after icing sweeping robot is swept stand intact.
Preferably, two stepper motors 17 and a weight for motor 11 and robot interior remaining part phase Than proportion is bigger than normal, and two stepper motors 17 are symmetricly set on inventor the both sides of motor 11, is ensuring deicing first 8 Rotate freely the movement overall with robot it is non-interference on the premise of so that the stress relative equilibrium at the two ends of lower house 10, Robot is avoided to occur the phenomenons such as upset in ice detachment.
Preferably, by the ice slag under avoiding stepper motor 17 in lower house 10 from being scratched by card adapter plate 2 is influenceed, in lower casing Waterproof cover 15 is set in body 10, and the waterproof cover 15 is fully wrapped around by stepper motor 17, to prevent the immersion of ice slag in lower house 10.
Above-described specific embodiment, has been carried out further to the purpose of the present invention, technical scheme and beneficial effect Describe in detail, should be understood that and the foregoing is only specific embodiment of the invention, be not intended to limit the present invention Protection domain, all any modification, equivalent substitution and improvements within the spirit and principles in the present invention, done etc. all should include Within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. the icing sweeping robot of overhead power transmission line, including the upper shell (1) being hinged and lower house (10) are applied to, and Otic placode (18), two otic placodes (18) are respectively equipped with the upper shell (1) and side wall of the lower house (10) in homonymy It is bolted, semicircular through hole is had at upper shell (1) two ends, semicircle is had at lower house (10) two ends The aperture of shape, and through hole positioned at the same side respectively constitutes the import and outlet for cable (4) turnover with aperture, its feature exists In:The supporting plate (3) of horizontal positioned is provided with the upper shell (1), bottom interval is provided with multiple clampings in supporting plate (3) Plate (2), is provided with for cable (4) U-shaped opening (22) that passes through in card adapter plate (2), and U-shaped opening (22) direction just under described Housing (10), two cones (14) are provided with the bottom of U-shaped opening (22), and two steps are provided with inside the lower house (10) Stepper motor (17), and output end in stepper motor (17) is provided with connecting rod (13), and along connecting rod (13) axially on its external wall Spiral (12) is provided with, two spirals (12) are engaged with two cones (14) positioned at U-shaped opening (22) bottom respectively, Groove (19) is provided with the bending section of the U-shaped opening (22), and rotation is provided with rotating shaft on the two side of groove (19) (20), roller (21) is fixed on rotating shaft (20) middle part, the roller (21) locally protrude from after the groove (19) with the line Cable (4) outer circle wall upper-end contact;
Connecting plate (5) is additionally provided with the supporting plate (3) bottom, semicircular upper snap ring (6) fixed connecting plate (5) lower end, Semicircular lower snap ring is fixed with lower house (10), deep-slotted chip breaker is provided with the inwall of upper snap ring (6) and lower snap ring, and Two deep-slotted chip breakers merge one annular groove of closing of composition, and also including deicing head (8), deicing head (8) is mutually cut with scissors by two Connect and section semicircular in shape except slab is constituted, and form one for cable (4) the column area that passes through at deicing head (8) middle part Domain, is provided with a circle cingulum (7), and be provided with one and deep-slotted chip breaker in lower snap ring bottom on its external wall along the circumference of deicing head (8) The connecting hole of connection, motor (11) is fixed with the lower house (10), and in the output end of motor (11) Gear (16) is connected with, the gear (16) coordinates after connecting hole with cingulum (7).
2. the icing sweeping robot for being applied to overhead power transmission line according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The deicing Plate includes body and the extension being connected with body, and cingulum (7) is arranged on the outer circle wall of body, and is removed along cable (4) The direction of ice, the spacing between the extension outer wall and body axis is successively decreased.
3. the icing sweeping robot for being applied to overhead power transmission line according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Along cable (4) direction of deicing, is provided with the cone (9) that opens ice on the side wall of the upper shell (1), and the cone (9) that opens ice is positioned at deicing head (8) top.
4. the icing sweeping robot for being applied to overhead power transmission line according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described in two Stepper motor (17) is symmetrically distributed in the both sides of the motor (11).
5. the icing sweeping robot for being applied to overhead power transmission line according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Along the rolling The circumferential of wheel (21) is provided with intermediate row teeth (24) and two side toothrows (23), and two side toothrows on its outer circle wall (23) both sides of the intermediate row teeth (24) are symmetrically distributed in, the distance of the crown of the intermediate row teeth (24) away from roller (21) axis is H, the distance of the crown of side toothrow (23) away from roller (21) axis is H, and meets H>h.
6. the icing sweeping robot for being applied to overhead power transmission line according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:The middle row Tooth (24) and two side toothrows (23) are elastomeric material.
7. the icing sweeping robot for being applied to overhead power transmission line according to claim 1~6 any one, its feature exists In:Also include waterproof cover (15), and the waterproof cover (15) is fully wrapped around by the stepper motor (17), and in waterproof cover (15) Side wall on be provided with perforation, bearing is provided with perforation, to extension after the output end of stepper motor (17) and the bearing fit Stretch.
CN201710309601.4A 2017-05-04 2017-05-04 Icing sweeping robot applied to overhead power transmission line Expired - Fee Related CN106911113B (en)

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CN106911113A true CN106911113A (en) 2017-06-30
CN106911113B CN106911113B (en) 2018-06-26

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CN201994593U (en) * 2010-12-30 2011-09-28 中国电力科学研究院 Inspection or de-icing robot of power transmission line
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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111431120A (en) * 2020-04-02 2020-07-17 王菊明 Cable deicing equipment

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