CN106867683A - A kind of cottonseed oil candle and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

A kind of cottonseed oil candle and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106867683A
CN106867683A CN201710115967.8A CN201710115967A CN106867683A CN 106867683 A CN106867683 A CN 106867683A CN 201710115967 A CN201710115967 A CN 201710115967A CN 106867683 A CN106867683 A CN 106867683A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
candle
cottonseed oil
oil
wax
liquid temperature
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Application number
CN201710115967.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘小青
储新宏
姜颖
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青岛金王应用化学股份有限公司
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Priority to CN201710115967.8A priority Critical patent/CN106867683A/en
Publication of CN106867683A publication Critical patent/CN106867683A/en

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Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL OR VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES OR WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11CFATTY ACIDS FROM FATS, OILS OR WAXES; CANDLES; FATS, OILS OR FATTY ACIDS BY CHEMICAL MODIFICATION OF FATS, OILS, OR FATTY ACIDS OBTAINED THEREFROM
    • C11C5/00Candles
    • C11C5/002Ingredients
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL OR VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES OR WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11CFATTY ACIDS FROM FATS, OILS OR WAXES; CANDLES; FATS, OILS OR FATTY ACIDS BY CHEMICAL MODIFICATION OF FATS, OILS, OR FATTY ACIDS OBTAINED THEREFROM
    • C11C5/00Candles
    • C11C5/008Candles characterised by their form; Composite candles, e.g. candles containing zones of different composition, inclusions, or the like

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of cottonseed oil candle and preparation method thereof, by weight percentage, the candle includes 2%-100% cottonseed oil, 0-98% vegetable oil, paraffin, synthetic wax and additive to the candle.A kind of preparation method of above-mentioned cottonseed oil candle, comprises the following steps:(1)To glue wick loose tool be preheated to 30-60 DEG C it is standby;(2)Weigh melting sources mixing by formula, it is necessary to when dyestuff can be added in 50-120 DEG C of wax liquid temperature, essence is added in 50 ~ 100 DEG C of wax liquid temperature, in being cast to loose tool in 50-110 DEG C of wax liquid temperature after stirring;(3)By environment temperature control at 5-35 DEG C, cooling shaping completes to make.Cottonseed oil candle disclosed in this invention, cottonseed oil is realized from low ratio to a high proportion of addition, both can be as addition agent modified outward appearance, improvement fragrance and stability etc., paraffin, palm wax, soya wax can also largely be substituted, candle new substrate and New function have been opened up, the dependence to traditional three big base materials has been broken away from.

Description

A kind of cottonseed oil candle and preparation method thereof

Technical field

The invention belongs to candle preparation field, a kind of cottonseed oil candle more particularly in the field and preparation method thereof.

Background technology

At present, the base material of production candle mainly has three kinds of paraffin, palm oil and soybean oil.But soybean oil rely on from the U.S. and South America import, and the consumption figure of edible soybean oil increases year by year in recent years so that soya wax short supply, price rises, and it is got over It is applied to produce candle come fewer, so candle produce reality is based on two kinds of base materials of paraffin and palm wax at present.But stone Wax price fluctuates very greatly with oil price, and particularly Middle East chaos caused by war can frequently aggravate this fluctuation, causes enterprise's production capacity difficult To control, and oil is non-renewable, will be exhausted, and wax candle declines at last.Palm comes from tropical rain forest, is protecting ecology Environment, particularly palm oil sustainable development tissue RSPO (Roundtable of Sustainable Palm Oil) into Vertical so that the use critical constraints of current palm oil, supply performance is not enough.To sum up, three kinds of main bases of candle are produced at present Material all has serious external dependency, and selection of the China to candle raw material does not have initiative.

The content of the invention

The cottonseed oil candle that the technical problems to be solved by the invention are just to provide a kind of outward appearance, burn and have good stability And preparation method thereof.

The present invention is adopted the following technical scheme that:

A kind of cottonseed oil candle, it is theed improvement is that:By weight percentage, the candle includes 2% -100% cotton Seed oil, 0-98% vegetable oil, paraffin, synthetic wax and additive.

Further, described cottonseed oil is the cottonseed oil of hydrogenated treatment, and its fusing point is 20-70 DEG C, iodine number is 1- 110。

Further, described vegetable oil is semihydrogenation or perhydrogenating vegetable oil.

Further, described vegetable oil is palm oil, soybean oil, cottonseed oil, rapeseed oil or its mixture.

Further, described paraffin is semi-refined paraffin wax or fully refined paraffin wax.

Further, described additive is dyestuff, essence, soft wax or other auxiliary agents.

Further, by weight percentage, the shared ratio in candle of essence is 0-15%.

A kind of preparation method of above-mentioned cottonseed oil candle, it is theed improvement is that, is comprised the following steps:

(1) will glue wick loose tool be preheated to 30-60 DEG C it is standby;

(2) weigh melting sources mixing by formula, it is necessary to when dyestuff can be added in 50-120 DEG C of wax liquid temperature, in wax Essence is added during 50~100 DEG C of liquid temperature degree, in being cast to loose tool in 50-110 DEG C of wax liquid temperature after stirring,;

(3) by environment temperature control at 5-35 DEG C, cooling shaping completes to make.

Further, the loose tool in step (2) is glass, ceramic cup, iron flask, aluminum hull or other containers.

Further, the cool time in step (3) is 2-24 hours.

The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:

Cottonseed oil main component is palmitic acid (C16H32O2), oleic acid (C18H34O2), linoleic acid (C18H32O2), is passed through After appropriate hydrogenation treatment, it is especially suitable for producing candle.China's cottonseed oil yield the first in the world, in possessing Xinjiang, the Yellow River and Huai He River and the Changjiang river The big cotton production areas in downstream three, and Shanxi, Ji, Shandong, Henan, Shan, Tianjin, Soviet Union, Anhui, Hunan, Hubei Province, Jiangxi, new, sweet 13 big cotton provinces and regions, can produce per year 156.6 ten thousand tons of cottonseed oil, resource is very sufficient.And current China cottonseed oil is utilized and is whether also used as industry as edible oil Raw material, utilization rate is all extremely low.So research makes cottonseed oil candle and can not only solve the problems, such as to develop candle new substrate, may be used also So that the cottonseed oil resource of China's abundant is able to sufficiently utilize.

Under above-mentioned background, cottonseed oil candle disclosed in this invention realizes cottonseed oil from low ratio to a high proportion of Addition, both can be as addition agent modified outward appearance, improvement fragrance and stability etc., it is also possible to largely substitute paraffin, palm wax, soybean Wax, has opened up candle new substrate and New function, has broken away from the dependence to traditional three big base materials.By control flower, oil-control and to burning, The research of fragrance, it is found that in 2% -100% application percentage, can obtain a kind of stable performance, outward appearance and combustion efficiency are good Cottonseed oil candle.

Candle is made using cottonseed oil, is substituted or part is substituted three kinds of traditional raw materials, be beneficial to China's grasp candle former The initiative that material is used, the competitiveness of enhancing candle enterprise.Additionally, positive radiation effect can be also brought, to consolidating and expanding cotton Flower cultivated area, increase farmers' income, developing agricultural economy have very big facilitation.

Specific embodiment

In order to make the purpose , technical scheme and advantage of the present invention be clearer, with reference to embodiments, to the present invention It is further elaborated.It should be appreciated that the specific embodiments described herein are merely illustrative of the present invention, it is not used to Limit the present invention.

Add proper proportion cottonseed oil can reach modification surface of candle flaw purpose, such as uninteresting mat surface, Brain swells, small raised and duct etc., and hydrogenation degree modification effect higher is better, and such as example 1 below is to embodiment 5.

Embodiment 1:A kind of preparation method of cottonseed oil candle, comprises the following steps:

(1) will glue wick loose tool be preheated to 30-60 DEG C it is standby;

(2) cottonseed oil that fusing point is 68 DEG C, iodine number is 1.1 is selected, and whole raw materials is weighed by toatl proportion 100%:Cottonseed oil 100%.

(3) melt, stirring, in being cast to glass loose tool in 50-110 DEG C of wax liquid temperature, environment temperature control is existed 5-35 DEG C, cooling shaping completes to make.

Embodiment 2:A kind of preparation method of cottonseed oil candle, comprises the following steps:

(1) will glue wick loose tool be preheated to 30-60 DEG C it is standby;

(2) by weight percentage, whole raw materials are weighed by toatl proportion 100%:Stearic acid 5%, palm wax 73%, 54# Paraffin 15%, auxiliary agent 2%, essence 5%.

(3) it is melt-blended, dyestuff is added in 50-120 DEG C of wax liquid temperature, added in 50-100 DEG C of wax liquid temperature fragrant Essence, in being cast to glass loose tool in 50-110 DEG C of wax liquid temperature, by environment temperature control at 5-35 DEG C, cooling shaping is complete Into making.

Embodiment 3:A kind of preparation method of cottonseed oil candle, comprises the following steps:

(1) will glue wick loose tool be preheated to 30-60 DEG C it is standby;

(2) cottonseed oil that fusing point is 68 DEG C, iodine number is 1.1 is selected, by weight percentage, is weighed entirely by toatl proportion 100% Portion's raw material:Stearic acid 5%, palm wax 33%, cottonseed oil 40%, 54# paraffin 15%, auxiliary agent 2%, essence 5%.

(3) it is melt-blended, dyestuff is added in 50-120 DEG C of wax liquid temperature, added in 50-100 DEG C of wax liquid temperature fragrant Essence, in being cast to glass loose tool in 50-110 DEG C of wax liquid temperature, by environment temperature control at 5-35 DEG C, cooling shaping is complete Into making.

Embodiment 4:A kind of preparation method of cottonseed oil candle, comprises the following steps:

(1) will glue wick loose tool be preheated to 30-60 DEG C it is standby;

(2) cottonseed oil that fusing point is 42 DEG C, iodine number is 59 is selected, by weight percentage, whole is weighed by toatl proportion 100% Raw material:Stearic acid 5%, palm wax 23%, cottonseed oil 50%, 54# paraffin 15%, auxiliary agent 2%, essence 5%.

(3) it is melt-blended, dyestuff is added in 50-120 DEG C of wax liquid temperature, added in 50-100 DEG C of wax liquid temperature fragrant Essence, in being cast to glass loose tool in 50-110 DEG C of wax liquid temperature, by environment temperature control at 5-35 DEG C, cooling shaping is complete Into making.

Embodiment 5:A kind of preparation method of cottonseed oil candle, comprises the following steps:

(1) will glue wick loose tool be preheated to 30-60 DEG C it is standby;

(2) cottonseed oil that fusing point is 68 DEG C, iodine number is 1.1 is selected, by weight percentage, is weighed entirely by toatl proportion 100% Portion's raw material:Stearic acid 5%, palm wax 23%, cottonseed oil 50%, 54# paraffin 15%, auxiliary agent 2%, essence 5%.

(3) it is melt-blended, dyestuff is added in 50-120 DEG C of wax liquid temperature, added in 50-100 DEG C of wax liquid temperature fragrant Essence, in being cast to glass loose tool in 50-110 DEG C of wax liquid temperature, by environment temperature control at 5-35 DEG C, cooling shaping is complete Into making.

Adding the cottonseed oil of proper proportion can reach the purpose for improving fragrance, and embodiment shows to add certain degree of hydrogenation The fragrance that is formed of cottonseed oil be more fully apparent from than the fragrance that adds same ratio palm wax to be formed, it is strong, and adding proportion is more high-quality slender joss stick Taste is more penetrating, and the hydrogenation degree fragrance higher for adding cottonseed oil is more penetrating, such as example below 6 to embodiment 10.

Embodiment 6:A kind of preparation method of cottonseed oil candle, comprises the following steps:

(1) will glue wick loose tool be preheated to 30-60 DEG C it is standby;

(2) by weight percentage, whole raw materials are weighed by toatl proportion 100%:Palm wax one 10%, palm wax two 60%th, 54# paraffin 21%, soft wax 4%, auxiliary agent 1%, essence 4%.

(3) it is melt-blended, dyestuff is added in 50-120 DEG C of wax liquid temperature, added in 50-100 DEG C of wax liquid temperature fragrant Essence, in being cast to iron flask loose tool in 50-110 DEG C of wax liquid temperature, by environment temperature control at 5-35 DEG C, cooling shaping is completed Make.

Embodiment 7:A kind of preparation method of cottonseed oil candle, comprises the following steps:

(1) will glue wick loose tool be preheated to 30-60 DEG C it is standby;

(2) cottonseed oil that fusing point is 58 DEG C, iodine number is 32 is selected, by weight percentage, whole is weighed by toatl proportion 100% Raw material:Palm wax one 10%, cottonseed oil 60%, 54# paraffin 21%, soft wax 4%, auxiliary agent 1%, essence 4%.

(3) it is melt-blended, dyestuff is added in 50-120 DEG C of wax liquid temperature, added in 50-100 DEG C of wax liquid temperature fragrant Essence, in being cast to iron flask loose tool in 50-110 DEG C of wax liquid temperature, by environment temperature control at 5-35 DEG C, cooling shaping is completed Make.

Embodiment 8:A kind of preparation method of cottonseed oil candle, comprises the following steps:

(1) will glue wick loose tool be preheated to 30-60 DEG C it is standby;

(2) cottonseed oil that fusing point is 58 DEG C, iodine number is 32 is selected, by weight percentage, whole is weighed by toatl proportion 100% Raw material:Cottonseed oil 70%, 54# paraffin 21%, soft wax 4%, auxiliary agent 1%, essence 4%.

(3) it is melt-blended, dyestuff is added in 50-120 DEG C of wax liquid temperature, added in 50-100 DEG C of wax liquid temperature fragrant Essence, in being cast to iron flask loose tool in 50-110 DEG C of wax liquid temperature, by environment temperature control at 5-35 DEG C, cooling shaping is completed Make.

Embodiment 9:A kind of preparation method of cottonseed oil candle, comprises the following steps:

(1) will glue wick loose tool be preheated to 30-60 DEG C it is standby;

(2) cottonseed oil that fusing point is 58 DEG C, iodine number is 32 is selected, by weight percentage, whole is weighed by toatl proportion 100% Raw material:Stearic acid 10%, palm wax 30%, cottonseed oil 25%, 54# paraffin 20%, soft wax 4%, auxiliary agent 1%, essence 10%.

(3) it is melt-blended, dyestuff is added in 50-120 DEG C of wax liquid temperature, added in 50-100 DEG C of wax liquid temperature fragrant Essence, in being cast to ceramic cup loose tool in 50-110 DEG C of wax liquid temperature, by environment temperature control at 5-35 DEG C, cooling shaping is complete Into making.

Embodiment 10:A kind of preparation method of cottonseed oil candle, comprises the following steps:

(1) will glue wick loose tool be preheated to 30-60 DEG C it is standby;

(2) cottonseed oil that fusing point is 68 DEG C, iodine number is 1.1 is selected, by weight percentage, is weighed entirely by toatl proportion 100% Portion's raw material:Stearic acid 10%, palm wax 30%, cottonseed oil 25%, 54# paraffin 20%, soft wax 4%, auxiliary agent 1%, essence 10%.

(3) it is melt-blended, dyestuff is added in 50-120 DEG C of wax liquid temperature, added in 50-100 DEG C of wax liquid temperature fragrant Essence, in being cast to ceramic cup loose tool in 50-110 DEG C of wax liquid temperature, by environment temperature control at 5-35 DEG C, cooling shaping is complete Into making.

Cooling 2-24 hours before assessment test.The index for evaluating candle performance has:Surface smoothness, fragrance, stability, Burning etc..Burning candle 4h or so, observes wax pond size and depth and other phenomenons.

The assessment of the initial cottonseed oil candle before burning of table 1

The assessment of cottonseed oil candle after the burning of table 2

For the technical staff of this area one, the finger that may be showed according to narration and form in the present invention Leading effectiveness carries out the statement of other embodiment, for this kind of situation, it should be understood that the specific embodiment in the present invention is not right Limitation of the invention, based on modification of the invention and other statements all in the protection domain of patent claims.Although this In used proper noun, but they are the description on general and sense organ, are not a kind of limitation.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of cottonseed oil candle, it is characterised in that:By weight percentage, the candle include 2%-100% cottonseed oil, 0- 98% vegetable oil, paraffin, synthetic wax and additive.
2. cottonseed oil candle according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described cottonseed oil is the cottonseed of hydrogenated treatment Oil, its fusing point is 20-70 DEG C, and iodine number is 1-110.
3. cottonseed oil candle according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described vegetable oil is that semihydrogenation or perhydrogenating are planted Thing oil.
4. cottonseed oil candle according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:Described vegetable oil is palm oil, soybean oil, cotton Seed oil, rapeseed oil or its mixture.
5. cottonseed oil candle according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described paraffin is semi-refined paraffin wax or full refining Paraffin.
6. cottonseed oil candle according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described additive be dyestuff, essence, soft wax or Other auxiliary agents.
7. cottonseed oil candle according to claim 6, it is characterised in that:By weight percentage, essence institute in candle The ratio for accounting for is 0-15%.
8. the preparation method of cottonseed oil candle described in a kind of claim 1, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
(1)To glue wick loose tool be preheated to 30-60 DEG C it is standby;
(2)Weigh melting sources mixing by formula, it is necessary to when dyestuff can be added in 50-120 DEG C of wax liquid temperature, in wax liquor temperature Essence is added during 50 ~ 100 DEG C of degree, in being cast to loose tool in 50-110 DEG C of wax liquid temperature after stirring;
(3)By environment temperature control at 5-35 DEG C, cooling shaping completes to make.
9. the preparation method of cottonseed oil candle according to claim 8, it is characterised in that:Step(2)In loose tool be glass Cup, ceramic cup, iron flask, aluminum hull or other containers.
10. the preparation method of cottonseed oil candle according to claim 8, it is characterised in that:Step(3)In cool time be 2-24 hours.
CN201710115967.8A 2017-03-01 2017-03-01 A kind of cottonseed oil candle and preparation method thereof CN106867683A (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107674766A (en) * 2017-09-28 2018-02-09 山东巧妻食品科技有限公司 It is a kind of using cottonseed oil as edible birthday candle of primary raw material and preparation method thereof
CN108034503A (en) * 2018-01-22 2018-05-15 青岛金王应用化学股份有限公司 A kind of coconut lubricating cup wax and preparation method thereof
CN108102396A (en) * 2018-01-22 2018-06-01 青岛金王应用化学股份有限公司 A kind of high-quality slender joss stick engraving column wax and preparation method
CN108102791A (en) * 2018-01-22 2018-06-01 青岛金王应用化学股份有限公司 A kind of synthetic wax candle and preparation method

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1071692A (en) * 1991-10-17 1993-05-05 林国隆 The making method of lamps and candles
US20030046860A1 (en) * 2001-08-02 2003-03-13 Archer Daniels Midland Co. Vegetable fat-based candles
CN101575555A (en) * 2009-06-05 2009-11-11 张犀诚 Birthday candle using vegetable oil as raw material and preparation method thereof
CN104560416A (en) * 2014-11-24 2015-04-29 大连达伦特工艺品有限公司 Rap oil candle and preparation method thereof

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1071692A (en) * 1991-10-17 1993-05-05 林国隆 The making method of lamps and candles
US20030046860A1 (en) * 2001-08-02 2003-03-13 Archer Daniels Midland Co. Vegetable fat-based candles
CN101575555A (en) * 2009-06-05 2009-11-11 张犀诚 Birthday candle using vegetable oil as raw material and preparation method thereof
CN104560416A (en) * 2014-11-24 2015-04-29 大连达伦特工艺品有限公司 Rap oil candle and preparation method thereof

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107674766A (en) * 2017-09-28 2018-02-09 山东巧妻食品科技有限公司 It is a kind of using cottonseed oil as edible birthday candle of primary raw material and preparation method thereof
CN108034503A (en) * 2018-01-22 2018-05-15 青岛金王应用化学股份有限公司 A kind of coconut lubricating cup wax and preparation method thereof
CN108102396A (en) * 2018-01-22 2018-06-01 青岛金王应用化学股份有限公司 A kind of high-quality slender joss stick engraving column wax and preparation method
CN108102791A (en) * 2018-01-22 2018-06-01 青岛金王应用化学股份有限公司 A kind of synthetic wax candle and preparation method

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