CN106861838B - Seedpod of the lotus seed shell automatic separating apparatus - Google Patents

Seedpod of the lotus seed shell automatic separating apparatus Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106861838B
CN106861838B CN201710211341.7A CN201710211341A CN106861838B CN 106861838 B CN106861838 B CN 106861838B CN 201710211341 A CN201710211341 A CN 201710211341A CN 106861838 B CN106861838 B CN 106861838B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
seedpod
knife
separating
lotus seed
stationary knife
Prior art date
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Application number
CN201710211341.7A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106861838A (en
Inventor
童俊华
马可
贺磊盈
武传宇
张玉冬
丁煜华
刘晓晨
程培林
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Zhejiang Sci Tech University ZSTU
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Zhejiang Sci Tech University ZSTU
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Priority to CN201710211341.7A priority Critical patent/CN106861838B/en
Publication of CN106861838A publication Critical patent/CN106861838A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/08Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within vertical containers
    • B02C18/10Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within vertical containers with drive arranged above container
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/16Details
    • B02C18/18Knives; Mountings thereof
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/16Details
    • B02C18/24Drives

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of devices efficiently separating seedpod of the lotus seed shell.The device that purpose is to provide should have the characteristics that simple in structure, mechanization degree is high, seedpod of the lotus seed shell good separating effect.Technical solution is:Seedpod of the lotus seed shell automatic separating apparatus, it is characterised in that:The device includes holder, at least one separating mechanism and actuating unit;The top and bottom of the holder is respectively equipped with feed inlet and discharge port;In the separating mechanism, stationary knife disk fixes the opening being arranged on stationary knife disk in the bracket and feed inlet, discharge port consistency from top to bottom by the support shaft arranged vertically, and movable knife disc can rotationally be positioned in the bracket around vertical axis and be driven by actuating unit;Several moving knife on the movable knife disc and the spaced staggered arrangement of several stationary knifes on stationary knife disk, the outer diameter for being smaller than seedpod of the lotus seed of adjacent stationary knife, the spacing of adjacent moving knife are more than the outer diameter of seedpod of the lotus seed.

Description

Seedpod of the lotus seed shell automatic separating apparatus
Technical field
The present invention relates to agricultural machinery separation field, specifically a kind of device for efficiently separating seedpod of the lotus seed shell.
Background technology
Lotus seed category nut fruits aquatic products are located in the cellular seedpod of the lotus, and plantation of the seedpod of the lotus in China spreads Hubei, lake More than 10 a province such as south, Jiangxi, Fujian.It is accomplished manually currently, the work that the lotus seed in the seedpod of the lotus is picked out is still largely relied on, Process is:By drying the seedpod of the lotus with lotus seed will be detached after soon ripe seedpod of the lotus picking, then taps the seedpod of the lotus by artificial It, must be again by being manually taken out lotus one by one for the seedpod of the lotus being not properly separated to force lotus seed to be fallen from the seedpod of the lotus Seed.
Invention content
The purpose of the present invention is overcoming the shortcomings of in above-mentioned background technology, a kind of seedpod of the lotus seed shell automatic separating apparatus is provided, The device should have the characteristics that simple in structure, mechanization degree is high, seedpod of the lotus seed shell good separating effect.
The technical scheme is that:
Seedpod of the lotus seed shell automatic separating apparatus, it is characterised in that:The device includes holder, at least one separating mechanism and moves Force mechanisms;The top and bottom of the holder is respectively equipped with feed inlet and discharge port;In the separating mechanism, stationary knife disk passes through perpendicular The support shaft directly arranged fixes the opening being arranged on stationary knife disk in the bracket and feed inlet, discharge port consistency from top to bottom, movable knife disc It can rotationally position around vertical axis in the bracket and be driven by actuating unit;Several moving knife on the movable knife disc and stationary knife The spaced staggered arrangement of several stationary knifes on disk, the outer diameter for being smaller than seedpod of the lotus seed of adjacent stationary knife, between adjacent moving knife Away from the outer diameter more than seedpod of the lotus seed.
The radius of the moving knife and the radius of stationary knife match;Support shaft is arranged parallel to movable arbor, between the two Distance be more than stationary knife radius and be less than the sum of moving knife radius and stationary knife radius.
The quantity of the stationary knife is 4-8 pieces, and moving knife quantity is less than stationary knife quantity.
In the two neighboring separating mechanism, all moving knife are each attached on same movable arbor, and all stationary knifes are each attached to In same support shaft, set between the bottom stationary knife dish opening of top separating mechanism and the top stationary knife dish opening of lower section separating mechanism There is the guide groove being connected.
Several moving knife in the movable knife disc are around vertical axis helical pattern.
The actuating unit includes being fixed on the motor of cradle top and the passing power between motor and movable arbor Transmission belt and driving wheel.
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:
The configuration of the present invention is simple, stabilization, reliable and highly practical, mechanization degree is high, during the work time can be quick Continuous sub-material effectively is carried out to a certain number of seedpod of the lotus and promptly rejects the seedpod of the lotus shell of generation, is the quick production of lotus seed Provide guarantee, effectively reduce the waste rate of lotus seed, greatly reduce seedpod of the lotus seed shell mask work for it is manually-operated according to Rely, alleviates the amount of labour of the areas Chan Lian peasant, finally improve production efficiency, reduce production cost.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the dimensional structure diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the main structure diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the overlooking structure diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the dimensional structure diagram of separating mechanism.
Fig. 5 is A-A in Fig. 2 to schematic cross-sectional view.
Specific implementation mode
Below in conjunction with Figure of description, the invention will be further described, but the invention is not limited in following embodiments.
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of seedpod of the lotus seed shell automatic separating apparatus, including holder, removal lotus is respectively provided on holder The separating mechanism of fluffy shell and for drive separating mechanism work actuating unit.
The holder includes upper and lower horizontally disposed upper bracket plate 11 and lower bracket plate 12, upper bracket plate and lower bracket plate it Between connected by several pillars 13, upper bracket plate is equipped with feed inlet 14, and lower bracket plate is equipped with the discharge port of corresponding feed inlet (being omitted in figure).
In the bracket, the quantity of separating mechanism is at least one for the separating mechanism setting, generally two or three (figures In be shown as two), all separating mechanisms are placed in the vertical direction.
Each separating mechanism includes the movable knife disc 3 that a stationary knife disk 2 and one arranged vertically is arranged vertically.Wherein:It is fixed Cutterhead is fixed on by the support shaft 4 arranged vertically between upper bracket plate and lower bracket plate, and the stationary knife 2-1 quantity in stationary knife disk is 4-8 pieces;Be additionally provided with opening 21 on stationary knife disk, the shape of the opening is fan-shaped (Fig. 4 and Fig. 5 shown in), in the vertical direction with Feed inlet, discharge port alignment are so as to form the split tunnel for raw material vertical shift;The opening is also towards movable arbor simultaneously; Movable arbor 5 is vertically arranged between upper bracket plate and lower bracket plate and can be rotated around vertical axis under actuating unit driving (movable arbor is arranged parallel to support shaft), moving knife are fixed on movable arbor and are uniformly provided with several on each movable arbor (quantity is less than stationary knife, usually less one) a horizontally disposed moving knife 3-1, and the moving knife of movable arbor is around vertical axis spiral shape Arrangement.In addition, a part of periphery position between adjacent stationary knife is also solid (backwards to the about half periphery position of opening) There is arc bent plate 22 to carry out block, to prevent extraneous dust from entering surely.
Several stationary knifes on the stationary knife disk and the spaced staggered arrangement of several moving knife on movable knife disc;It is described dynamic The radius of knife and the radius of stationary knife match;The distance between movable arbor and support shaft are more than the radius of stationary knife and less than moving knife half The sum of diameter and stationary knife radius.Therefore, its blade level streaks the split tunnel formed by stationary knife dish opening when moving knife rotates, and Each moving knife is respectively from a part of region between two adjacent stationary knifes across (dotted line S indicates moving knife in stationary knife in Fig. 5 Movement locus)).The outer diameter (seedpod of the lotus seed can not be embedded in the spacing of adjacent stationary knife) for being smaller than seedpod of the lotus seed of adjacent stationary knife, phase The spacing of adjacent moving knife be more than seedpod of the lotus seed outer diameter (seedpod of the lotus seed can pass through between adjacent moving knife, then discharging is fallen into from opening Mouthful), since the shape of seedpod of the lotus seed is approximate elliposoidal, the outer diameter of seedpod of the lotus seed is subject to the minor axis length (seedpod of the lotus of elliposoidal The narrow most position of seed).
In two neighbouring separating mechanisms, all moving knife are each attached on same movable arbor, and all stationary knifes are equal It is fixed in same support shaft.Stationary knife dish opening of the guide groove for connecting upper and lower is also set up between two separating mechanisms. The guide groove includes several pieces and is vertically to the setting of stationary knife knife face and forms the baffle 7 of V-arrangement angle, angle and stationary knife dish opening phase Match;Baffle is separately connected the edge of the bottom stationary knife dish opening of top separating mechanism and the top stationary knife disk of lower section separating mechanism The edge of opening carries out again by the separating mechanism of top separating mechanism treated raw material can be entered by guide groove lower section Processing.
The actuating unit includes the motor 61 for being fixed on upper bracket plate and the passing power between motor and movable arbor Transmission belt 62 and driving wheel 63.
The course of work of the present invention is as follows:
Electric motor starting captures several seedpod of the lotus (being no more than 2) by external device (ED) and is put into feed inlet, and the seedpod of the lotus is under the effect of gravity The moving knife for falling, and rotating along split tunnel will carry out extruding and kneading to the seedpod of the lotus in split tunnel, when being squeezed outside the seedpod of the lotus Rupture occurs for shell and lotus seed is detached from from seedpod of the lotus shell, under lotus seed continues with broken seedpod of the lotus shell each along split tunnel It falls, the separating mechanism by entering lower section after pipeline is detached again, and last lotus seed is arranged with the outer putamen crushed aggregates of the seedpod of the lotus from discharge port Go out.
Finally it should be noted that listed above is only specific embodiments of the present invention.It is clear that the invention is not restricted to Above example can also have many variations (separator as more stages is added).Those skilled in the art can be from All deformations for directly exporting or associating in present disclosure, are considered as protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. seedpod of the lotus seed shell automatic separating apparatus, it is characterised in that:The device includes holder, at least one separating mechanism and power Mechanism;The top and bottom of the holder is respectively equipped with feed inlet (14) and discharge port;In the separating mechanism, stationary knife disk (2) It is fixed in the bracket by the support shaft (4) arranged vertically, it is arranged in the opening on stationary knife disk (21) and feed inlet, discharge port Lower alignment, movable knife disc (3) can rotationally be positioned in the bracket around vertical axis and be driven by actuating unit;On the movable knife disc Several moving knife (3-1) are smaller than with several stationary knife (2-1) spaced staggered arrangements on stationary knife disk, adjacent stationary knife The outer diameter of seedpod of the lotus seed, the spacing of adjacent moving knife are more than the outer diameter of seedpod of the lotus seed.
2. seedpod of the lotus seed shell automatic separating apparatus according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The radius and stationary knife of the moving knife Radius match;Support shaft is arranged parallel to movable arbor (5), and distance between the two is more than the radius of stationary knife and is less than The sum of moving knife radius and stationary knife radius.
3. seedpod of the lotus seed shell automatic separating apparatus according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The quantity of the stationary knife is 4-8 Piece, moving knife quantity are less than stationary knife quantity.
4. seedpod of the lotus seed shell automatic separating apparatus according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:In two neighboring separating mechanism, All moving knife are each attached on same movable arbor, and all stationary knifes are each attached in same support shaft, the bottom of top separating mechanism The guide groove being connected is equipped between stationary knife dish opening and the top stationary knife dish opening of lower section separating mechanism.
5. seedpod of the lotus seed shell automatic separating apparatus according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Several in the movable knife disc Moving knife is around vertical axis helical pattern.
6. seedpod of the lotus seed shell automatic separating apparatus according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:The actuating unit includes fixing The motor (61) of cradle top and between motor and movable arbor passing power transmission belt (62) Yu driving wheel (63).
CN201710211341.7A 2017-03-31 2017-03-31 Seedpod of the lotus seed shell automatic separating apparatus Active CN106861838B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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CN201710211341.7A CN106861838B (en) 2017-03-31 2017-03-31 Seedpod of the lotus seed shell automatic separating apparatus

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710211341.7A CN106861838B (en) 2017-03-31 2017-03-31 Seedpod of the lotus seed shell automatic separating apparatus

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CN106861838A CN106861838A (en) 2017-06-20
CN106861838B true CN106861838B (en) 2018-07-27

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Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS6121079A (en) * 1984-07-10 1986-01-29 Toshiji Ichihara Skinning apparatus for pea, etc.
CN2514661Y (en) * 2001-12-06 2002-10-09 谭有余 Huller for lotus seed
CN201018897Y (en) * 2007-03-14 2008-02-13 湖南宏兴隆湘莲食品有限公司 Hull remover for lotus seed
CN202222399U (en) * 2011-09-27 2012-05-23 饶学雄 Lotus seed pod thresher
CN203969150U (en) * 2014-05-30 2014-12-03 广东科技学院 Lotus seed shelling machine
CN204294316U (en) * 2014-11-27 2015-04-29 河南恒瑞源实业有限公司 A kind of novel medicinal material pulverizer
CN206823932U (en) * 2017-03-31 2018-01-02 浙江理工大学 Seedpod of the lotus seed shell automatic separating apparatus

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS6121079A (en) * 1984-07-10 1986-01-29 Toshiji Ichihara Skinning apparatus for pea, etc.
CN2514661Y (en) * 2001-12-06 2002-10-09 谭有余 Huller for lotus seed
CN201018897Y (en) * 2007-03-14 2008-02-13 湖南宏兴隆湘莲食品有限公司 Hull remover for lotus seed
CN202222399U (en) * 2011-09-27 2012-05-23 饶学雄 Lotus seed pod thresher
CN203969150U (en) * 2014-05-30 2014-12-03 广东科技学院 Lotus seed shelling machine
CN204294316U (en) * 2014-11-27 2015-04-29 河南恒瑞源实业有限公司 A kind of novel medicinal material pulverizer
CN206823932U (en) * 2017-03-31 2018-01-02 浙江理工大学 Seedpod of the lotus seed shell automatic separating apparatus

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