CN104525335B - Pressure-controllable conical screw crusher - Google Patents

Pressure-controllable conical screw crusher Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN104525335B
CN104525335B CN201410818635.2A CN201410818635A CN104525335B CN 104525335 B CN104525335 B CN 104525335B CN 201410818635 A CN201410818635 A CN 201410818635A CN 104525335 B CN104525335 B CN 104525335B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
motor
conical shell
pressure
slide plate
pulley
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN201410818635.2A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN104525335A (en
Inventor
周晓蓉
庞秋杏
唐伟力
徐敏
金荣鑫
刘晏宇
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Guangxi University
Original Assignee
Guangxi University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Guangxi University filed Critical Guangxi University
Priority to CN201410818635.2A priority Critical patent/CN104525335B/en
Publication of CN104525335A publication Critical patent/CN104525335A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN104525335B publication Critical patent/CN104525335B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C19/00Other disintegrating devices or methods
    • B02C19/22Crushing mills with screw-shaped crushing means

Abstract

The invention discloses a pressure-controllable conical screw crusher. The pressure-controllable conical screw crusher comprises a conical housing, wherein a main rotary shaft with spiral blades is installed in the conical housing, and a connection gear connected with a motor is arranged at one end of the main rotary shaft; a charge hole is formed in the top of the conical housing, an unloading hole is formed in the lower end, a plurality of discharge holes are formed in the lower side of the conical housing and connected with a detachable collection box, an adjustment-control device is arranged at the discharge holes and the unloading hole, the adjustment-control device is composed of a slide plate, a pulley, the motor, the connection gear, a rack and a sub-controller, the rack driven by the motor is arranged at one side of the slide plate, a groove clamped on the pulley is formed at the other side of the slide plate, the slide plate is driven to move through the motor, and the action of the motor is controlled by the sub-controller. The crusher disclosed by the invention is small in occupied space, the crushed grains are uniform, the sizes of the unloading hole and the discharge holes can be adjusted through the adjustment-control device to realize control on a pressure in the conical housing and avoid too high or too low pressure in the machine, thus keeping the pressure value in a stable range.

Description

A kind of pressure controllable cone-type spiral disintegrating machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of crushing mechanism field, specifically a kind of pressure controllable cone-type spiral disintegrating machine.
Background technology
Some industrial processes need material is crushed, so that material is reached next step processing or material is entered Row secondary recovery utilizes.But existing disintegrating machine volume is larger, takes up room big, and broken granule is not uniform, also The dust that a little disintegrating machines produce can pollute working environment.
Content of the invention
The technical problem to be solved is to provide that a kind of structure is simple, compact, crushed particles uniformly, and do not affect The cone-type spiral disintegrating machine of working environment.
The present invention employs the following technical solutions and reaches above-mentioned purpose:
Pressure controllable cone-type spiral disintegrating machine of the present invention, it includes conical shell 3, is provided with main shaft in conical shell 3 5, main shaft 5 is fixed with spiral sector 4, one end of main shaft 5, equipped with connecting gear 7, connects gear 7 and the first motor 9 Gear on output shaft is meshed;The top of conical shell 3 is provided with feeding mouth 1, and lower end is provided with discharge gate 11, described conical shell 3 lower side is provided with several discharging openings 13 and is connected with dismountable Material collecting box for harvesting 14, is provided with discharging opening 13 and discharge gate 11 The regulation device of discharge adjustable size, described regulation device is by slide plate 15-2, pulley 15-1, the second motor 15-5, tooth connection Wheel 15-3, tooth bar 15-4 and sub-controller 15-6 are constituted, and the side of slide plate 15-2 is provided with tooth bar 15-4, and slide plate 15-2's is another Side is provided with the groove being stuck on pulley 15-1, and pulley 15-1 is arranged on conical shell 3, and tooth bar 15-4 is defeated with the second motor 15-5 Connection gear 15-3 on shaft is meshed, by second motor 15-5 drive slide plate 15-2 move, the second motor 15-5 by point Controller 15-6 controls its action.
It is respectively arranged with a regulation device on each discharging opening 13 described.
Described conical shell 3 is diagonally-installed, is provided with lid at its feeding mouth 1, and the height of feeding mouth 1 is higher than discharge gate 11.
Be provided with pressure transducer 6 in described conical shell 3, pressure transducer 6 and all sub-controller 15-6 all with central authorities Controller 8 connects.
The upper side edge of described conical shell 3 is provided with the window 2 that a convenience is made regular check at ordinary times and cleared up.
Pressure controllable cone-type spiral disintegrating machine of the present invention has the advantage that
1. bulk that can be effectively little to some hardness or granular substance carry out broken it is easy to secondary operations and recovery Using, and by the spiral sector with certain taper helix, fully object can be crushed, not only save one Fixed space, and the granule after making to crush is uniformly, collects the granule of required size, preferably carries out secondary utilization.
2. the discharge gate of the present invention and discharging opening can be by pressure transducer and regulation device come adjusting sizes, it is to avoid machine Device internal pressure is excessive or too small, so that pressure value is maintained in a stability range.
3. the employing spiral sector of the present invention, forms hemi-closure space with shell, with the dust producing when avoiding broken Waft in the air, play certain environmental protection effect.
4. the present invention is provided with window in the upper side edge of shell, machine can be made regular check on and clear up, and extends machine Life-span.
Brief description
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of pressure controllable cone-type spiral disintegrating machine of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the discharge regulation device 10 of present invention employing and the mplifying structure schematic diagram of particle regulating device 12.
In Fig. 1: feeding mouth 1, window 2, conical shell 3, spiral sector 4, main shaft 5, pressure transducer 6, tooth connection Wheel 7, central controller 8, the first motor 9, discharge regulation device 10, discharge gate 11, particle regulating device 12, discharging opening 13, collection Hopper 14.
In Fig. 2: pulley 15-1, the slide plate 15-2 with gear and track, connection gear 15-3, tooth bar 15-4, the second motor 15-5, controller 15-6.
Specific embodiment
With reference to the accompanying drawings and examples technical scheme is described further.
As shown in figure 1, pressure controllable cone-type spiral disintegrating machine of the present invention, it includes diagonally-installed conical shell 3, taper Main shaft 5 is installed in shell 3, main shaft 5 is fixed with spiral sector 4, spiral sector 4 carries the spiral of certain taper Line, one end of main shaft 5, equipped with connection gear 7, connects gear 7 and is placed in the tooth on the first motor 9 output shaft outside shell 3 Wheel is meshed;The top of conical shell 3 is provided with feeding mouth 1, and lower end is provided with discharge gate 11, is provided with lid (in figure at its feeding mouth 1 Not shown), and the height of feeding mouth 1 is higher than discharge gate 11.The lower side of described conical shell 3 is provided with several discharging openings 13 and connects It is connected to dismountable Material collecting box for harvesting 14, at discharging opening 13, is provided with particle regulating device 12, make by particle regulating device 12 is controlled The size of material and speed, are provided with discharge regulation device 10, can control the big of discharge by discharge regulation device 10 at discharge gate 11 Little and speed.
The particle regulating device 12 that the present invention adopts and the structure of discharge regulation device 10 are identicals, as shown in Fig. 2 all It is made up of slide plate 15-2, pulley 15-1, the second motor 15-5, connection gear 15-3, tooth bar 15-4 and sub-controller 15-6, sliding The side of plate 15-2 is provided with the tooth bar 15-4 being fixed on slide plate, the opposite side of slide plate 15-2 be provided be stuck in recessed on pulley 15-1 Groove, pulley 15-1 is arranged on conical shell 3, slide plate 15-2 can be facilitated to move by pulley 15-1, tooth bar 15-4 and second electricity Connection gear 15-3 on machine 15-5 output shaft is meshed, and after the second electric motor starting, connects gear 15-3 band carry-over bar 15-4 and moves Dynamic, so that slide plate 15-2 is moved, so that slide plate 15-2 covers discharging opening or the size of discharge gate is controlled, by adjusting The size of discharge gate 11 and the size of discharging opening 13, realize the pressure adjustable in conical shell 3, the second motor 15-5 is by sub-control Device 15-6 processed controls its action.
The present invention can also be respectively arranged with a regulation device on each discharging opening 13.
The present invention is provided with pressure transducer 6 in conical shell 3, pressure transducer 6 and all sub-controller 15-6 all with Central controller 8 connects, the pressure condition in conical shell 3 is fed back to central controller 8 by pressure transducer 6, then passes through Processing information is sent to each sub-controller 15-6 and the second motor 15-5 is controlled by centre controller 8, realizes automatization's control Pressing pressure, it is to avoid machine internal pressure is excessive or too small, makes pressure value be maintained in stability range.
The present invention is provided with window 2 in the upper side edge of conical shell 3, is made regular check at ordinary times with facilitating and clears up.
The operation principle of the present invention and process are as follows:
New signal is launched to sub-controller 15-6 by central controller 8, sub-controller 15-6 controls particle regulating dress Put 12 to regulate the size of discharging opening 13, material to be broken is poured in conical shell 3 from feeding mouth 1, start the first motor 9, make the first motor 9 drive main shaft 5 to rotate.Material falls downwards because of action of gravity, simultaneously because the spiral with certain taper Shape flabellum 4 rotates, and is crushed material by compressing and rubbing against, and when material is less than discharging opening size, can pass through discharging opening 13 enter Material collecting box for harvesting 14, and finally remaining material can discharge from the discharge gate 11 of lower end, and are transported broken by conveyer belt The feeding mouth 1 of machine.Whole process is dragged by the first motor 9, and the rotating speed of spiral sector 4 is adjusted by the first motor 9, leads to Over-pressed force transducer 6 and discharge regulation device 10 are adjusting the size of discharge gate 11 and the size of discharging opening 13, it is to avoid machine Internal pressure is excessive or too small, so that pressure value is maintained near a stationary value, receives required big finally by collecting box 14 Little granule.

Claims (3)

1. a kind of pressure controllable cone-type spiral disintegrating machine, it includes conical shell (3), and conical shell is provided with main shaft in (3) (5), main shaft (5) is fixed with spiral sector (4), one end of main shaft (5), equipped with connecting gear one (7), connects gear One (7) is meshed with the gear on the first motor (9) output shaft;The top of conical shell (3) is provided with feeding mouth (1), and lower end sets There is discharge gate (11) it is characterised in that the lower side of described conical shell (3) is provided with several discharging openings (13) and is connected with removable The Material collecting box for harvesting (14) unloading, discharging opening (13) and discharge gate (11) place are provided with the regulation device of discharge adjustable size, described tune Control device by slide plate (15-2), pulley (15-1), the second motor (15-5), connect gear two (15-3), tooth bar (15-4) and Sub-controller (15-6) is constituted, and the side of slide plate (15-2) is provided with tooth bar (15-4), and the opposite side of slide plate (15-2) is provided with and is stuck in Groove on pulley (15-1), pulley (15-1) is arranged on conical shell (3), and tooth bar (15-4) is defeated with the second motor (15-5) Connection gear two (15-3) on shaft is meshed, and drives slide plate (15-2) mobile by the second motor (15-5), the second motor (15-5) its action is controlled by sub-controller (15-6);Described conical shell (3) is diagonally-installed, and its feeding mouth (1) place is provided with Lid, and the height of feeding mouth (1) is higher than discharge gate (11);It is provided with pressure transducer (6), pressure in described conical shell (3) Sensor (6) and all sub-controllers (15-6) are all connected with central controller (8).
2. according to claim 1 pressure controllable cone-type spiral disintegrating machine it is characterised in that each discharging opening (13) is upper respectively It is provided with a regulation device.
3. according to the cone-type spiral disintegrating machine described in claim 1 it is characterised in that: the upper side edge of described conical shell (3) is provided with The window (2) that one convenience is made regular check at ordinary times and cleared up.
CN201410818635.2A 2014-12-24 2014-12-24 Pressure-controllable conical screw crusher Active CN104525335B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410818635.2A CN104525335B (en) 2014-12-24 2014-12-24 Pressure-controllable conical screw crusher

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410818635.2A CN104525335B (en) 2014-12-24 2014-12-24 Pressure-controllable conical screw crusher

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN104525335A CN104525335A (en) 2015-04-22
CN104525335B true CN104525335B (en) 2017-02-01

Family

ID=52841067

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201410818635.2A Active CN104525335B (en) 2014-12-24 2014-12-24 Pressure-controllable conical screw crusher

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN104525335B (en)

Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107381097B (en) * 2017-07-27 2019-07-26 云南汉木森生物科技有限责任公司 A kind of the feed bin funnel device and its automatic discharging method of automatic discharging
CN111841700A (en) * 2020-07-31 2020-10-30 曲佳龙 Small-size petroleum pipeline crushing apparatus

Family Cites Families (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2124893U (en) * 1992-05-04 1992-12-16 刘小明 Closed funnel type garbage bin
JP2002143709A (en) * 2000-11-08 2002-05-21 Akira Ito Organic waste pulverization throwing device
CN201384974Y (en) * 2009-02-11 2010-01-20 邱仰波 Shear-type plastic waste crusher
US8851409B2 (en) * 2010-12-09 2014-10-07 Mark E. Koenig System for crushing
CN202277870U (en) * 2011-10-14 2012-06-20 桐乡市朗基电子材料有限公司 Iron oxide red discharging machine
CN203002447U (en) * 2012-08-29 2013-06-19 安徽霍山鹏飞现代农业科技有限公司 Lily raw material crushing pulping device
CN204799390U (en) * 2014-12-24 2015-11-25 广西大学 Controllable conical spiral breaker of pressure

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN104525335A (en) 2015-04-22

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN207254384U (en) A kind of crushing material and drying device
CN108479914A (en) A kind of equipment that can recycle powder ore
CN104525335B (en) Pressure-controllable conical screw crusher
CN208526773U (en) A kind of medicinal material flour mill
CN208230061U (en) A kind of mineral products grinding crushing device
CN205288522U (en) Device is smashed to ore with adjustable it is high -efficient
CN104307606A (en) High-efficiency crushing device
CN209953030U (en) Feeding device of vertical mill
CN104607291A (en) Rice husk crusher
CN210159690U (en) Press-grinding type sand making machine
CN107397245A (en) The straw granulator that a kind of anti-feeding blocks
CN204799390U (en) Controllable conical spiral breaker of pressure
CN207951671U (en) Fodder grinder
CN203620682U (en) Novel pulverizer
CN206315858U (en) Grain flour mill
CN108748799A (en) A kind of rubber pulverizing device
CN108620199A (en) Feed stuff reducing device
CN104353531A (en) Conical screw crusher
CN206948965U (en) A kind of stalk crasher
CN208194565U (en) A kind of selecting type squeezing crusher
CN208554447U (en) A kind of grinding device of automated material
CN208642914U (en) A kind of high-efficiency pulverized coal preparation system
CN207102863U (en) A kind of lithium ion battery negative material crushes material collecting device
CN110586260A (en) Adjustable ball mill
CN103639010A (en) Novel flour mill

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant