JP2002143709A - Organic waste pulverization throwing device - Google Patents

Organic waste pulverization throwing device

Info

Publication number
JP2002143709A
JP2002143709A JP2000340081A JP2000340081A JP2002143709A JP 2002143709 A JP2002143709 A JP 2002143709A JP 2000340081 A JP2000340081 A JP 2000340081A JP 2000340081 A JP2000340081 A JP 2000340081A JP 2002143709 A JP2002143709 A JP 2002143709A
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
organic waste
crushing
pulverization
screw conveyor
charging
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
JP2000340081A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Inventor
Akira Ito
璋 伊東
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Individual
Original Assignee
Individual
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Individual filed Critical Individual
Priority to JP2000340081A priority Critical patent/JP2002143709A/en
Publication of JP2002143709A publication Critical patent/JP2002143709A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Abstract

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide an organic waste pulverization throwing device capable of throwing an organic waste such as a garbage and the like well to an organic waste processor efficiently pulverizing the organic waste and carrying out a drying processing or a fermentation processing. SOLUTION: This organic waste pulverization throwing device 1 is provided with a body 1a in which a movement wheel 2 is arranged on a bottom part; a pulverization feeding tank 3 approximately horizontally installed on the body 1a and having an insertion part at a tip end; a screw conveyor 4 rotatably arranged in the pulverization feeding tank 3; a throwing hopper 5 disposed on the pulverization feeding tank 3; and a nozzle part 7 provided in the insertion part 3a at a tip end of the pulverization feeding tank 3. A cutting blade 4b for pulverizing the organic waste is disposed on a screw blade part of the screw conveyor 4 opposed to the throwing hopper and the insertion part 3a of the pulverization feeding tank is insertably formed on a conveying hole formed on a sidewall of the organic waste processor.

Description

【発明の詳細な説明】DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

【0001】[0001]

【発明の属する技術分野】本発明は、生ごみ等の有機廃
棄物を乾燥処理または発酵処理する有機廃棄物処理装置
内に、有機廃棄物を粉砕して投入する有機廃棄物粉砕投
入装置に関する。
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention The present invention relates to an organic waste crushing and feeding device for crushing and feeding organic waste into an organic waste treatment device for drying or fermenting organic waste such as garbage.

【0002】[0002]

【従来の技術】給食センター、仕出し業、レストラン、
家庭等から出される大量の残飯、残菜等の生ゴミを処理
する場合、それらを集めて発酵微生物と共に発酵槽に入
れ、微生物の発酵作用により生ゴミを発酵させ、或は乾
燥させて処理する有機廃棄物処理装置が普及しつつあ
る。
[Prior Art] Lunch center, catering business, restaurant,
When processing a large amount of garbage such as garbage left over from homes and garbage, the garbage is collected and put into a fermentation tank together with fermenting microorganisms, and the garbage is fermented by the fermentation action of the microorganisms, or dried and processed. Organic waste treatment equipment is becoming widespread.

【0003】[0003]

【発明が解決しようとする課題】この種の有機廃棄物処
理装置として、従来、半円筒状の底部を有した横置き形
の収容槽を使用し、収容槽内を加熱する加熱器を設ける
と共に、収容槽の底部の略軸中心位置に、回転軸を水平
に支持し、その回転軸に複数の撹拌部材を放射状に取付
けてなる撹拌機構を設けた有機廃棄物処理装置が、特開
平5−254973号公報等で知られている。
As an organic waste treatment apparatus of this type, a horizontal storage tank having a semi-cylindrical bottom is conventionally used, and a heater for heating the inside of the storage tank is provided. Japanese Patent Application Laid-Open No. H05-205702 discloses an organic waste treatment apparatus in which a rotation shaft is horizontally supported substantially at the center of the bottom of a storage tank, and a stirring mechanism having a plurality of stirring members mounted radially on the rotation shaft is provided. This is known from Japanese Patent No. 254973.

【0004】この有機廃棄物処理装置は、収容槽内に生
ゴミ等の有機廃棄物を投入し、加熱器、ブロワ、撹拌機
構を動作させ、収容槽内と加熱通風路の間で熱風を循環
させ、収容槽内を予め設定した乾燥温度に加熱し、槽内
の有機廃棄物を撹拌しながら、水分を蒸発させて適度な
水分状態に乾燥処理するものである。
In this organic waste treatment apparatus, organic waste such as garbage is put into a storage tank, a heater, a blower, and a stirring mechanism are operated, and hot air is circulated between the storage tank and a heated ventilation passage. Then, the inside of the storage tank is heated to a preset drying temperature, and while stirring the organic waste in the tank, the water is evaporated to dry the water to an appropriate water state.

【0005】この種の有機廃棄物処理装置には、通常、
その上部に投入用のハッチが設けられ、そのハッチを開
いて有機廃棄物を投入するのであるが、投入する際に生
ごみ等の有機廃棄物が周囲に落ちる場合が多く、それに
よって、周囲を汚したり臭気を発生させたりする問題が
あった。
[0005] This type of organic waste treatment apparatus is usually equipped with
An input hatch is provided at the top, and organic waste such as garbage is often dropped into the surroundings when opening the hatch and throwing organic waste. There was a problem that it made it dirty and generated odor.

【0006】また、投入されて処理される有機廃棄物
は、通常、レストラン、仕出し業等から出された生ごみ
であるが、そこには、野菜等食材の塊などが含まれ、処
理装置内の攪拌機構が攪拌羽根を回転させてそれらを攪
拌したとしても、野菜等の食材の塊を細かく粉砕するの
は難しい。このために、それらを完全に乾燥処理或は発
酵処理するためには、長時間の攪拌を必要とし、電力や
燃料の消費量が大きくなる問題があった。
[0006] The organic waste to be put into and treated is usually garbage discharged from restaurants, catering businesses, etc., which contains lumps of vegetables and other foodstuffs. Even if the agitation mechanism rotates the agitation blades to agitate them, it is difficult to finely pulverize a lump of food such as vegetables. For this reason, in order to completely dry or ferment them, long-time stirring is required, and there has been a problem that power and fuel consumption are increased.

【0007】本発明は、上記の点に鑑みてなされたもの
で、生ごみ等の有機廃棄物を効率よく粉砕して、乾燥ま
たは発酵処理を行なう有機廃棄物処理装置に、良好に投
入することができる有機廃棄物粉砕投入装置を提供する
ことを目的とする。
[0007] The present invention has been made in view of the above points, and it is an object of the present invention to efficiently pulverize organic waste such as garbage and feed it into an organic waste treatment apparatus for drying or fermenting. It is an object of the present invention to provide an organic waste pulverizing and charging apparatus capable of performing the above-mentioned.

【0008】[0008]

【課題を解決するための手段】このために、本発明の有
機廃棄物粉砕投入装置は、有機廃棄物を入れる収容槽
と、該収容槽内を加熱する加熱器と、該収容槽内の有機
廃棄物を攪拌する攪拌機構とを有する有機廃棄物処理装
置内に、有機廃棄物を投入するための有機廃棄物粉砕投
入装置であって、移動輪を底部に設けた本体と、該本体
上に略水平に設置され先端に差し込み部を有する粉砕送
り槽と、該粉砕送り槽内に回転駆動可能に配設されたス
クリューコンベヤと、該粉砕送り槽上に設けられた投入
用ホッパーと、該粉砕送り槽の先端の差し込み部内に設
けられたノズル部と、を備え、該スクリューコンベヤの
投入用ホッパーに対向したスクリューブレード部分に切
り刃が設けられ、前記粉砕送り槽の差し込み部が前記有
機廃棄物処理装置の側壁に設けた搬入孔に差し込み可能
に形成されていることを特徴とする。
For this purpose, an organic waste crushing and charging apparatus according to the present invention comprises a storage tank for storing organic waste, a heater for heating the storage tank, and an organic solvent in the storage tank. An organic waste treatment apparatus having an agitation mechanism for agitating the waste, an organic waste crushing and inputting apparatus for inputting the organic waste, and a main body provided with a moving wheel at the bottom, and A crushing feed tank that is installed substantially horizontally and has an insertion portion at the tip, a screw conveyor that is rotatably disposed in the crushing feed tank, a charging hopper provided on the crushing feed tank, A nozzle provided in the insertion portion at the tip of the feed tank, and a cutting blade is provided on a screw blade portion facing the charging hopper of the screw conveyor, and the insertion portion of the crushing feed tank is provided with the organic waste. Of processing equipment Characterized in that it is possible to form insertion in the carry-hole provided in the wall.

【0009】[0009]

【作用】この有機廃棄物粉砕投入装置は、粉砕送り槽の
差し込み部が有機廃棄物処理装置の側壁に設けた搬入孔
に差し込まれた状態で使用される。有機廃棄物(生ご
み)は、有機廃棄物粉砕投入装置の投入用ホッパー内に
投入され、スクリューコンベヤを回転駆動させる。スク
リューコンベヤの回転により、ホッパー内に投入された
生ごみは、粉砕送り槽内に送られ、槽内のスクリューの
切り刃によって、野菜等の塊も良好に粉砕され、さらに
スクリューブレードの回転により、先端側に圧縮されな
がら送られる。そして、粉砕・圧縮された生ごみは、差
し込み部の先端のノズル部の孔から、有機廃棄物処理装
置の収容槽内に押し出され、送り込まれる。
The organic waste crushing and charging device is used in a state where the insertion portion of the crushing feed tank is inserted into a loading hole provided on a side wall of the organic waste treatment device. Organic waste (garbage) is charged into a charging hopper of an organic waste crushing charging device, and a screw conveyor is driven to rotate. By the rotation of the screw conveyor, the garbage put in the hopper is sent into the crushing feed tank, and the cutting blades of the screw in the tank also crush the lump of vegetables and the like well, and by the rotation of the screw blade, Sent while being compressed to the tip side. Then, the crushed and compressed garbage is extruded and sent into the storage tank of the organic waste treatment device from the hole of the nozzle at the tip of the insertion portion.

【0010】有機廃棄物処理装置では、加熱器が加熱運
転されると共に、攪拌機構が攪拌運転され、収容槽内の
有機廃棄物が加熱されながら攪拌され、そこに含まれる
水分を蒸発させ、有機廃棄物を乾燥或は発酵させてい
く。
[0010] In the organic waste treatment apparatus, the heater is operated for heating and the stirring mechanism is operated for stirring, whereby the organic waste in the storage tank is stirred while being heated, and the water contained therein is evaporated to remove the organic waste. The waste is dried or fermented.

【0011】有機廃棄物処理装置の運転が終了すると、
有機廃棄物粉砕投入装置内に残留した生ごみが悪臭を発
生するため、有機廃棄物粉砕投入装置を洗浄するが、こ
のとき、有機廃棄物粉砕投入装置は移動輪を有し、その
粉砕送り槽の差し込み部を有機廃棄物処理装置の側壁の
搬入孔に差し込んでいるだけであるため、容易に有機廃
棄物粉砕投入装置を動かして、有機廃棄物処理装置から
外すことができる。従って、有機廃棄物粉砕投入装置を
外した(分離した)状態で、その粉砕送り槽等の内部を
洗浄し、その内部に残った生ごみを簡単に洗い落とすこ
とができる。
When the operation of the organic waste treatment apparatus is completed,
The garbage remaining in the organic waste crushing and throwing apparatus generates an odor, so the organic waste crushing and throwing apparatus is washed. At this time, the organic waste crushing and throwing apparatus has a moving wheel and its crushing feed tank. Is simply inserted into the carry-in hole on the side wall of the organic waste treatment apparatus, so that the organic waste pulverizing and charging apparatus can be easily moved and removed from the organic waste treatment apparatus. Therefore, with the organic waste crushing and charging device removed (separated), the inside of the crushing feed tank and the like can be washed, and the garbage remaining in the inside can be easily washed off.

【0012】[0012]

【発明の実施の形態】以下、本発明の実施の形態を図面
に基づいて説明する。図1は有機廃棄物粉砕投入装置1
を装着した有機廃棄物処理装置20の正面図を、図2は
その拡大右側面図を、図3は有機廃棄物粉砕投入装置1
の断面図を示している。この有機廃棄物粉砕投入装置1
は、本体1aの上に、円筒形の粉砕送り槽3を水平に取
り付け、粉砕送り槽3の上部に投入用ホッパー5を取り
付けて構成される。
Embodiments of the present invention will be described below with reference to the drawings. FIG. 1 shows an organic waste crushing and charging device 1
FIG. 2 is an enlarged right side view of the organic waste treatment apparatus 20 equipped with the organic waste treatment apparatus 20, and FIG.
FIG. This organic waste crushing and charging device 1
Is constructed by horizontally mounting a cylindrical crush feed tank 3 on a main body 1a, and mounting a charging hopper 5 on the upper part of the crush feed tank 3.

【0013】本体1aは架台フレーム状に形成され、そ
の底部にキャスター等の移動輪2が取り付けられ、移動
可能に形成される。本体1a上に略水平に取り付けられ
た粉砕送り槽3は末端を閉鎖した円筒形に形成され、そ
の元部上に開口部が形成され、その開口部上に有機廃棄
物を投入するための投入用ホッパー5が取り付けられ
る。投入用ホッパー5の上部には蓋体6が設けられ、蓋
体6を閉鎖することにより、内部の臭気を外に逃さない
ようにしている。
The main body 1a is formed in a gantry frame shape, and a movable wheel 2 such as a caster is attached to the bottom of the main body 1a so as to be movable. The crushing feed tank 3 mounted substantially horizontally on the main body 1a is formed in a cylindrical shape having a closed end, an opening is formed on the base thereof, and an input for charging organic waste on the opening. Hopper 5 is attached. A lid 6 is provided at the upper part of the charging hopper 5, and by closing the lid 6, the internal odor is prevented from being escaped to the outside.

【0014】粉砕送り槽3の先端に、差し込み部3aが
形成され、この差し込み部3aは、有機廃棄物処理装置
20の側壁22に設けた搬入孔23に差し込み可能に形
成される。さらに、粉砕送り槽3の先端部内には粉砕さ
れた有機廃棄物を押し出す孔あき円盤状のノズル部7が
取り付けられる。ノズル部7には適当な大きさの複数の
ノズル孔が設けられ、粉砕送り槽3内に配設されたスク
リューコンベヤ4によりノズル部7の手前で有機廃棄物
を圧縮する圧縮部が形成される。
An insertion portion 3 a is formed at the tip of the crushing feed tank 3, and the insertion portion 3 a is formed so as to be insertable into a carry-in hole 23 provided in a side wall 22 of the organic waste treatment apparatus 20. Further, a perforated disk-shaped nozzle portion 7 for extruding the pulverized organic waste is mounted in the tip of the pulverization feed tank 3. The nozzle portion 7 is provided with a plurality of nozzle holes of an appropriate size, and a screw conveyor 4 provided in the crushing feed tank 3 forms a compression portion for compressing organic waste in front of the nozzle portion 7. .

【0015】スクリューコンベヤ4は、軸4aの周囲に
スクリューブレードをねじ状に巻付け固定して構成さ
れ、その両端が粉砕送り槽3の両端で軸受を介して回転
可能に支持され、末端側の軸4aの端部にスプロケット
10が軸着される。このスクリューコンベヤ4は、搬送
・圧縮と粉砕の両方の機能を持つように構成され、元部
のスクリューつまり投入用ホッパー5に対向した部分の
スクリューブレードに、切り刃4bが設けられ、そこに
有機廃棄物を粉砕する粉砕部が形成される。
The screw conveyor 4 is constituted by screwing a screw blade around a shaft 4a and fixing the screw blade. Both ends of the screw conveyor 4 are rotatably supported at both ends of a crushing feed tank 3 through bearings. The sprocket 10 is mounted on the end of the shaft 4a. The screw conveyor 4 is configured to have both functions of conveying / compressing and pulverizing, and a cutting blade 4b is provided on a screw at an original part, that is, a part of the screw blade facing the charging hopper 5, and an organic blade is provided there. A crushing unit for crushing the waste is formed.

【0016】この切り刃4bは、図4に示すように、ス
クリューブレードの一部を切欠きそこに尖頭刃4cを設
けて形成され、この切り刃4bと尖頭刃4cにより野菜
の塊等を良好に粉砕する。スクリューコンベヤ4の軸4
aの末端に軸着されたスプロケット10と本体1a内に
取り付けたモータ8の回転軸に軸着したスプロケット間
に、チェーン9がかけ渡される。スクリューコンベヤ4
は、モータ8によりチェーン9を介して回転駆動され、
投入用ホッパー5から投入された生ごみ等の有機廃棄物
を、粉砕しながら先端側に搬送する。
As shown in FIG. 4, the cutting blade 4b is formed by cutting out a part of a screw blade and providing a pointed blade 4c therein, and the cutting blade 4b and the pointed blade 4c form a lump of vegetables or the like. Is crushed well. Shaft 4 of screw conveyor 4
A chain 9 is stretched between a sprocket 10 which is axially attached to the end of a and a sprocket which is axially attached to a rotating shaft of a motor 8 mounted in the main body 1a. Screw conveyor 4
Is rotationally driven by a motor 8 via a chain 9,
Organic waste such as garbage thrown in from the feeding hopper 5 is conveyed to the tip side while being crushed.

【0017】有機廃棄物処理装置20は、その内部に収
容槽21を配設し、収容槽21の底部から側面にかけて
熱風路26を形成し、熱風路26内に加熱器25を設
け、加熱器25で生じた熱風を熱風路26から収容槽2
1へと循環させ、槽内を加熱する。また、収容槽21内
には、有機廃棄物を攪拌するための攪拌機構24が回転
駆動可能に配設される。さらに、図3に示すように、収
容槽21の側壁22(図1の正面側の壁)に、上記粉砕
送り槽3の先端の差し込み部3aを挿入可能な搬入孔2
3が貫通して形成される。搬入孔23と差し込み部3a
との間には隙間ができるが、その隙間を塞ぐために、粉
砕送り槽3の差し込み部3aの外周に、ゴムシート等で
形成された隙間塞ぎ部材11が取り付けられる。
The organic waste treatment apparatus 20 has a storage tank 21 disposed therein, forms a hot air passage 26 from the bottom to the side of the storage tank 21, and a heater 25 is provided in the hot air passage 26; The hot air generated in 25 is transferred from the hot air passage 26 to the storage tank 2.
Circulate to 1 and heat the inside of the tank. Further, a stirring mechanism 24 for stirring the organic waste is rotatably disposed in the storage tank 21. Further, as shown in FIG. 3, a loading hole 2 into which the insertion portion 3a at the tip of the crushing feed tank 3 can be inserted into the side wall 22 (the front wall in FIG. 1) of the storage tank 21.
3 are formed therethrough. Loading hole 23 and insertion part 3a
In order to close the gap, a gap closing member 11 formed of a rubber sheet or the like is attached to the outer periphery of the insertion portion 3a of the crushing feed tank 3.

【0018】次に、上記構成の有機廃棄物処理装置の動
作を説明する。通常は、図1に示すように、有機廃棄物
粉砕投入装置1は、有機廃棄物処理装置20の端部側壁
の搬入孔23に、その粉砕送り槽3の差し込み部3aを
差し込み接続した状態で運転される。レストラン、仕出
し業等から出される有機廃棄物(生ごみ)は、有機廃棄
物粉砕投入装置1の投入用ホッパー5内に投入され、ス
クリューコンベヤ4を回転駆動させる。
Next, the operation of the organic waste treatment apparatus having the above configuration will be described. Normally, as shown in FIG. 1, the organic waste crushing and charging apparatus 1 is in a state where the insertion portion 3 a of the crushing feed tank 3 is inserted and connected to the loading hole 23 on the end side wall of the organic waste treatment apparatus 20. Be driven. Organic waste (garbage) discharged from a restaurant, a catering business or the like is charged into the charging hopper 5 of the organic waste crushing and charging device 1 and drives the screw conveyor 4 to rotate.

【0019】スクリューコンベヤ4の回転により、ホッ
パー5内に投入された生ごみは、粉砕送り槽3内に送ら
れ、槽内のスクリューの切り刃4bや尖頭刃4cによっ
て、野菜等の塊も良好に粉砕される。粉砕された有機廃
棄物は、スクリューブレードの回転により、先端側に圧
縮されながら送られる。そして、粉砕・圧縮された生ご
みは、差し込み部3aの先端のノズル部7の孔から、有
機廃棄物処理装置20収容槽21内に押し出され、送り
込まれる。生ごみの搬入が終わった場合、ホッパー5上
部には蓋体6を被せて閉鎖し、臭気が出ないようにして
おく。
The garbage thrown into the hopper 5 by the rotation of the screw conveyor 4 is sent into the crushing feed tank 3, and the lumps of vegetables and the like are removed by the cutting blades 4b and the pointed blades 4c of the screws in the tank. Good crushing. The pulverized organic waste is sent to the tip side while being compressed by the rotation of the screw blade. Then, the crushed and compressed garbage is pushed out of the hole of the nozzle section 7 at the tip of the insertion section 3a into the storage tank 21 for the organic waste treatment apparatus 20 and sent. When the transfer of the garbage is completed, the hopper 5 is covered with a lid 6 to close it, so that no odor is emitted.

【0020】有機廃棄物処理装置20では、加熱器25
が加熱運転されると共に、攪拌機構24が攪拌運転さ
れ、収容槽21内の有機廃棄物が加熱されながら攪拌さ
れ、そこに含まれる水分を蒸発させて、乾燥処理が行な
われる。或は、温度を所定の発酵温度に維持して、有機
廃棄物を発酵させる。所定時間の乾燥処理または発酵処
理が終了した時点で、図示しない排出口の自動扉が開放
され、収容槽内で例えば水分10%程度に乾燥し粉体化
した有機粉体物或は一次発酵した有機粉体物が、排出用
の羽根の回転等により排出される。
In the organic waste treatment apparatus 20, a heater 25
Is heated and the stirring mechanism 24 is operated to stir, so that the organic waste in the storage tank 21 is stirred while being heated, and the moisture contained therein is evaporated to perform a drying process. Alternatively, the temperature is maintained at a predetermined fermentation temperature to ferment the organic waste. At the end of the drying or fermentation treatment for a predetermined time, the automatic door of the outlet (not shown) is opened, and the organic powder or the primary fermentation that has been dried and pulverized to, for example, about 10% moisture in the storage tank is performed. The organic powder is discharged by rotation of a discharge blade or the like.

【0021】有機廃棄物処理装置20の運転が終了する
と、有機廃棄物粉砕投入装置1内に残留した生ごみは悪
臭を発生させるため、有機廃棄物粉砕投入装置1を洗浄
して残留物を除去する。このとき、有機廃棄物粉砕投入
装置1は移動輪2を備えており、その粉砕送り槽3が、
差し込み部3aを有機廃棄物処理装置20の側壁22の
搬入孔23に差し込んでいるだけであるため、容易に有
機廃棄物粉砕投入装置1を動かして、有機廃棄物処理装
置20から外すことができ、有機廃棄物粉砕投入装置1
を外した(分離した)状態で、その粉砕送り槽3等の内
部を良好に洗浄し、その内部に残った生ごみを完全に洗
い落とすことができる。
When the operation of the organic waste treatment device 20 is completed, the garbage remaining in the organic waste crushing and charging device 1 generates an odor, so that the organic waste crushing and charging device 1 is washed to remove the residue. I do. At this time, the organic waste pulverizing and charging apparatus 1 includes a moving wheel 2, and the pulverizing feed tank 3 includes:
Since the insertion section 3a is merely inserted into the carry-in hole 23 of the side wall 22 of the organic waste processing apparatus 20, the organic waste pulverizing and charging apparatus 1 can be easily moved and removed from the organic waste processing apparatus 20. , Organic waste crushing and charging device 1
In a state where the garbage is removed (separated), the inside of the crushing feed tank 3 and the like can be washed well, and the garbage remaining in the inside can be completely washed away.

【0022】そして、洗い終わった有機廃棄物粉砕投入
装置1を再び有機廃棄物処理装置20に接続するが、そ
の場合も、有機廃棄物粉砕投入装置1を動かして、粉砕
送り槽3の差し込み部3aを有機廃棄物処理装置20の
側壁22の搬入孔23に差し込むだけで簡単に接続する
ことができる。このとき、搬入孔23と差し込み部3a
との隙間は、隙間塞ぎ部材11により、差し込むだけで
自動的に塞がれ、運転中に、臭気が漏れ出ることを防止
することができる。
Then, the washed organic waste crushing and charging device 1 is connected to the organic waste treatment device 20 again. In this case also, the organic waste crushing and charging device 1 is moved to insert the crushing feed tank 3 into the insertion portion. The connection can be easily made simply by inserting the 3a into the carry-in hole 23 of the side wall 22 of the organic waste treatment apparatus 20. At this time, the carry-in hole 23 and the insertion portion 3a
Is automatically closed by just inserting the gap by the gap closing member 11, and it is possible to prevent odor from leaking out during operation.

【0023】このように、有機廃棄物粉砕投入装置1を
使用することにより、生ごみの塊などを細かく粉砕しか
つ圧縮しノズル部を通すことによりさらに細かくして、
有機廃棄物を有機廃棄物処理装置20の収容槽21に良
好に搬入することができ、さらに、生ごみ等で周囲を汚
さずに乾燥処理や発酵処理を効率よく行なうことができ
る。また、有機廃棄物粉砕投入装置1は有機廃棄物処理
装置20から簡単に分離して外すことができ、粉砕送り
槽3内等に容易に洗浄することができ、生ごみの残留や
腐敗を防止して、衛生的に使用することができる。
As described above, by using the organic waste crushing and charging apparatus 1, garbage lump and the like are finely crushed and compressed, and further crushed by passing through a nozzle portion.
The organic waste can be favorably carried into the storage tank 21 of the organic waste treatment apparatus 20, and the drying process and the fermentation process can be performed efficiently without polluting the surroundings with garbage or the like. Further, the organic waste crushing and charging device 1 can be easily separated and removed from the organic waste treatment device 20 and can be easily washed in the crushing feed tank 3 and the like, thereby preventing residual garbage and decay. And can be used hygienically.

【0024】なお、上記実施例では、粉砕送り槽3内に
1軸のスクリューコンベヤ4を配設したが、粉砕送り槽
の断面を長円形として2軸のスクリューコンベヤを配設
することができる。
In the above-described embodiment, the single-screw conveyor 4 is provided in the crushing feed tank 3, but a two-shaft screw conveyor may be provided with an oval cross section of the crushing feed tank.

【0025】[0025]

【発明の効果】以上説明したように、本発明の有機廃棄
物粉砕投入装置によれば、スクリューコンベヤの切り刃
により、生ごみの塊などを細かく粉砕して圧縮しながら
有機廃棄物処理装置の収容槽に効率よく、また周囲に生
ごみを落とさずに良好に搬入することができる。また、
運転終了後には、有機廃棄物粉砕投入装置を有機廃棄物
処理装置から簡単に分離して外すことができ、粉砕送り
槽内等を容易に洗浄することができるから、生ごみの残
留や腐敗を防止して、衛生的に使用することができる。
As described above, according to the organic waste crushing and charging apparatus of the present invention, the cutting edge of the screw conveyor finely crushes garbage and the like, compresses the garbage and the like, and operates the organic waste processing apparatus. It is possible to carry it into the storage tank efficiently and without dropping garbage around. Also,
After the operation is completed, the organic waste crushing and charging device can be easily separated and removed from the organic waste treatment device, and the inside of the crushing feed tank and the like can be easily washed. It can be prevented and used hygienically.

【図面の簡単な説明】[Brief description of the drawings]

【図1】本発明の一実施形態を示す有機廃棄物粉砕投入
装置付き有機廃棄物処理装置の正面図である。
FIG. 1 is a front view of an organic waste treatment apparatus provided with an organic waste pulverizing and charging device according to an embodiment of the present invention.

【図2】同処理装置の拡大右側面図である。FIG. 2 is an enlarged right side view of the processing apparatus.

【図3】有機廃棄物粉砕投入装置の拡大断面図である。FIG. 3 is an enlarged sectional view of an organic waste pulverizing and charging apparatus.

【図4】図3のIV-IV 拡大断面図である。FIG. 4 is an enlarged sectional view taken along the line IV-IV of FIG. 3;

【図5】図3のV-V 拡大断面図である。FIG. 5 is an enlarged sectional view taken along line VV of FIG. 3;

【符号の説明】[Explanation of symbols]

1−有機廃棄物粉砕投入装置 3−粉砕送り槽 4−スクリューコンベヤ 5−投入用ホッパー 7−ノズル部 11−隙間塞ぎ部材 20−有機廃棄物処理装置 21−収容槽 22−側壁 23−搬入孔 Reference Signs List 1-organic waste crushing and feeding device 3-crushing feed tank 4-screw conveyor 5-feeding hopper 7-nozzle part 11-gap closing member 20-organic waste treatment device 21-storage tank 22-side wall 23-loading hole

───────────────────────────────────────────────────── フロントページの続き (51)Int.Cl.7 識別記号 FI テーマコート゛(参考) B02C 19/22 B02C 19/22 B09B 3/00 301 B09B 3/00 301B Fターム(参考) 4D004 AA02 CA03 CA04 CA19 CA22 CA42 CA48 CB13 CB16 CB28 CB45 4D065 CA18 CB07 CC01 DD16 DD26 EB17 ED06 ED16 ED27 4D067 CB01 CB08 CB09 GA17 4G037 AA05 CA11 EA03 4G078 AA13 AB20 BA01 CA01 CA05 CA12 CA17 DA01 DA03 DA30 EA03 EA10 ──────────────────────────────────────────────────の Continued on the front page (51) Int.Cl. 7 Identification symbol FI Theme coat ゛ (Reference) B02C 19/22 B02C 19/22 B09B 3/00 301 B09B 3/00 301B F-term (Reference) 4D004 AA02 CA03 CA04 CA19 CA22 CA42 CA48 CB13 CB16 CB28 CB45 4D065 CA18 CB07 CC01 DD16 DD26 EB17 ED06 ED16 ED27 4D067 CB01 CB08 CB09 GA17 4G037 AA05 CA11 EA03 4G078 AA13 AB20 BA01 CA01 CA05 CA10 CA17 DA03 DA03

Claims (2)

【特許請求の範囲】[Claims] 【請求項1】 有機廃棄物を入れる収容槽と、該収容槽
内を加熱する加熱器と、該収容槽内の有機廃棄物を攪拌
する攪拌機構とを有する有機廃棄物処理装置内に、有機
廃棄物を投入するための有機廃棄物粉砕投入装置であっ
て、 移動輪を底部に設けた本体と、該本体上に略水平に設置
され先端に差し込み部を有する粉砕送り槽と、該粉砕送
り槽内に回転駆動可能に配設されたスクリューコンベヤ
と、該粉砕送り槽上に設けられた投入用ホッパーと、該
粉砕送り槽の先端の差し込み部内に設けられたノズル部
と、を備え、 該スクリューコンベヤの投入用ホッパーに対向したスク
リューブレード部分に切り刃が設けられ、前記粉砕送り
槽の差し込み部が前記有機廃棄物処理装置の側壁に設け
た搬入孔に差し込み可能に形成されていることを特徴と
する有機廃棄物粉砕投入装置。
An organic waste treatment apparatus having a storage tank for storing organic waste, a heater for heating the storage tank, and a stirring mechanism for stirring the organic waste in the storage tank is provided. What is claimed is: 1. An organic waste pulverizing and charging apparatus for charging waste, comprising: a main body having a moving wheel provided at a bottom portion; a pulverizing feed tank installed substantially horizontally on the main body and having an insertion portion at a tip thereof; A screw conveyor rotatably disposed in the tank, a charging hopper provided on the crushing feed tank, and a nozzle provided in an insertion portion at the tip of the crushing feed tank, A cutting blade is provided on a screw blade portion facing a charging hopper of a screw conveyor, and an insertion portion of the crushing feed tank is formed so as to be insertable into a loading hole provided on a side wall of the organic waste treatment apparatus. Features and Organic waste grinding feeding device that.
【請求項2】 前記スクリューコンベヤのスクリューブ
レードの切り刃には尖頭刃が設けられて粉砕部とされ、
前記ノズル部の手前にはスクリューコンベヤによって有
機廃棄物を圧縮する圧縮部が形成される請求項1記載の
有機廃棄物粉砕投入装置。
2. The cutting edge of a screw blade of the screw conveyor is provided with a pointed blade to serve as a pulverizing unit,
The apparatus for pulverizing and charging organic waste according to claim 1, wherein a compression section for compressing the organic waste is formed by a screw conveyor before the nozzle section.
JP2000340081A 2000-11-08 2000-11-08 Organic waste pulverization throwing device Pending JP2002143709A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2000340081A JP2002143709A (en) 2000-11-08 2000-11-08 Organic waste pulverization throwing device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2000340081A JP2002143709A (en) 2000-11-08 2000-11-08 Organic waste pulverization throwing device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
JP2002143709A true JP2002143709A (en) 2002-05-21

Family

ID=18815051

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP2000340081A Pending JP2002143709A (en) 2000-11-08 2000-11-08 Organic waste pulverization throwing device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
JP (1) JP2002143709A (en)

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2006263636A (en) * 2005-03-25 2006-10-05 Peace Sangyo Kk Garbage disposal apparatus
CN102336592A (en) * 2011-07-26 2012-02-01 李文庆 Kitchen waste disposal machine
CN104525335A (en) * 2014-12-24 2015-04-22 广西大学 Pressure-controllable conical screw crusher
CN105598135A (en) * 2016-02-03 2016-05-25 天津欧盼科技开发有限公司 Waste recycling device
KR20160100148A (en) * 2015-02-13 2016-08-23 양재희 Red pepper milling machine
CN111558610A (en) * 2020-04-07 2020-08-21 西南科技大学 Emergency treatment method for radioactive strontium contaminated soil
CN112792094A (en) * 2020-12-18 2021-05-14 宁波悦丰新电有限公司 Kitchen waste treatment device
CN113953308A (en) * 2021-09-30 2022-01-21 中广核研究院有限公司 Organic solid waste treatment device

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2006263636A (en) * 2005-03-25 2006-10-05 Peace Sangyo Kk Garbage disposal apparatus
CN102336592A (en) * 2011-07-26 2012-02-01 李文庆 Kitchen waste disposal machine
CN104525335A (en) * 2014-12-24 2015-04-22 广西大学 Pressure-controllable conical screw crusher
KR20160100148A (en) * 2015-02-13 2016-08-23 양재희 Red pepper milling machine
KR101654513B1 (en) * 2015-02-13 2016-09-22 양재희 Red pepper milling machine
CN105598135A (en) * 2016-02-03 2016-05-25 天津欧盼科技开发有限公司 Waste recycling device
CN111558610A (en) * 2020-04-07 2020-08-21 西南科技大学 Emergency treatment method for radioactive strontium contaminated soil
CN112792094A (en) * 2020-12-18 2021-05-14 宁波悦丰新电有限公司 Kitchen waste treatment device
CN113953308A (en) * 2021-09-30 2022-01-21 中广核研究院有限公司 Organic solid waste treatment device

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