CN106836067B - Anticollision barrier - Google Patents

Anticollision barrier Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106836067B
CN106836067B CN201710170864.1A CN201710170864A CN106836067B CN 106836067 B CN106836067 B CN 106836067B CN 201710170864 A CN201710170864 A CN 201710170864A CN 106836067 B CN106836067 B CN 106836067B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
column
wirerope
skew wall
accommodation groove
groove
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CN201710170864.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106836067A (en
Inventor
杨道瑞
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Anhui Zhuohang Display Co Ltd
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Anhui Zhuohang Display Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201710170864.1A priority Critical patent/CN106836067B/en
Publication of CN106836067A publication Critical patent/CN106836067A/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01FADDITIONAL WORK, SUCH AS EQUIPPING ROADS OR THE CONSTRUCTION OF PLATFORMS, HELICOPTER LANDING STAGES, SIGNS, SNOW FENCES, OR THE LIKE
    • E01F15/00Safety arrangements for slowing, redirecting or stopping errant vehicles, e.g. guard posts or bollards; Arrangements for reducing damage to roadside structures due to vehicular impact
    • E01F15/02Continuous barriers extending along roads or between traffic lanes
    • E01F15/025Combinations of at least two of the barrier member types covered by E01F15/04 - E01F15/08, e.g. rolled steel section or plastic strip backed up by cable, safety kerb topped by rail barrier

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Architecture (AREA)
  • Civil Engineering (AREA)
  • Structural Engineering (AREA)
  • Refuge Islands, Traffic Blockers, Or Guard Fence (AREA)

Abstract

The present invention proposes that a kind of anticollision barrier, pedestal set groove, and bottom portion of groove is the first rotation accommodation groove, and the first rotation accommodation groove opening is sequentially connected the first skew wall, side wall and the second skew wall;First rotates the first rotating ball built in accommodation groove, sets up column in the first rotating ball;Column divides into the second rotation accommodation groove;Second rotating ball built in second rotation accommodation groove, the second rotating ball connect support rod;Sliding groove is opened on first skew wall;Support rod lower end is placed in sliding groove and sets inner spring between sliding groove bottom end;Outer spring is covered on the support rod outside sliding groove;Wirerope stretching device is set in column, connects railing between upper wirerope and lower wirerope;Railing includes two arc panels and semicircle mounting plate, sets buffer layer between upper wirerope or lower wirerope and mounting plate;Separator spring and separation layer are set on upper wirerope or lower wirerope.The impact force of accident vehicle can be carried out buffering release by the present invention, reduce guardrail to the shocking damage of accident vehicle and occupant.

Description

Anticollision barrier
Technical field
The present invention relates to highway barrier technical field, specifically a kind of anticollision barrier.
Background technique
As economic construction continues to develop, communications and transportation is increasingly busy.Traffic accident is current highway location or highway bridge Beam location occurs the most frequent.In order to reduce traffic accident, various protective fences are separately installed in highway both sides, Since guard rail rod is nonelastic by irony structure, the protective capacities of this kind of guardrail of stiff safety fence is strong, but automobile and guardrail bump against When, under the action of moment impact load, guardrail does not move substantially, is indeformable, and the energy absorption touched during covering is first is that lean on The plastic deformation of automobile itself, second is that by CONTACT WITH FRICTION between automobile and guardrail, third is that by automobile along guardrail climb and The change of vehicle traveling direction.It is past especially in the bend section of some minor radius to the shocking damage of accident vehicle and occupant Toward the disintegration that will cause oversize vehicle to which out of control or grievous injury is even dead.
Summary of the invention
The present invention proposes a kind of anticollision barrier, solve guardrail in the prior art rigidity it is strong caused by accident vehicle and The problem of shocking damage of occupant.
The technical scheme of the present invention is realized as follows:
A kind of anticollision barrier, including the pedestal that left and right is oppositely arranged, the pedestal is equipped with a groove to lower recess, institute The bottom for stating groove is the first rotation accommodation groove, and the opening of the first rotation accommodation groove connects the first skew wall;Described first The inner end of skew wall is connect with the opening of the first rotation accommodation groove, and the outer end of first skew wall is to prolonging on the outside of the pedestal Stretch and be higher than the inner end of first skew wall;The lower end of the outer end connection side wall of first skew wall, the upper end of the side wall connects Connect the second skew wall;The inner end of second skew wall is connect with the upper end of the side wall, and the outer end of second skew wall is to the bottom The outside of seat extends and is higher than the inner end of second skew wall;
The first rotating ball is equipped in the first rotation accommodation groove, the top of first rotating ball exposes described first Accommodation groove is rotated, the top of first rotating ball is provided with column;The lower end of the column sets to rotate there are two second and accommodate Slot, two the second rotation accommodation grooves are located at front side and the rear side of the column;
It is equipped with the second rotating ball in the second rotation accommodation groove, second rotating ball is connected with support rod, described Expose the second rotation accommodation groove in the part that second rotating ball is connect with the support rod;
Sliding groove is offered on first skew wall, before the sliding groove is from first skew wall surface to the pedestal Side or rear side oliquely downward extend;
The lower end of the support rod is placed in the sliding groove, the bottom end of the lower end of the support rod and the sliding groove Between be provided with inner spring;Outer spring is arranged on the support rod outside the sliding groove;
The column is hollow tube, and the column inner upper end is equipped with upper runner, is provided with below the upper runner Fixed board, the upper fixed board lower section are provided with upper moving plate, are connected with upper spring between the upper fixed board and the upper moving plate;It is described vertical Column interior lower end is equipped with lower runner, and lower fixed board is provided with above the lower runner, is provided with lower moving plate above the lower fixed board, institute It states and is connected with lower spring between lower fixed board and the lower moving plate;The upper fixed board and lower fixed board are fixed with the column, it is described on Movable plate and lower moving plate can be slided along the column inner wall;
It is provided with upper opening above the column, is provided under shed below the column;
The both ends of upper wirerope respectively penetrate the upper opening of left and right two root posts, bypass the upper runner, pass through on described Fixed board is fixed on the upper moving plate;
The both ends of lower wirerope respectively penetrate the under shed of left and right two root posts, bypass the lower runner, under described Fixed board is fixed on the lower moving plate;
Several railings are connected between upper wirerope and lower wirerope;The railing includes two arc panels, described in two The convex surface of arc panel is oppositely arranged outwardly;The both ends of the arc panel are respectively equipped with half circular mounting plate, two arcs The mounting plate of plate is opposite to clamp upper wirerope or lower wirerope, and the mounting plate of two arc panels is bolted one It rises;Buffer layer is provided between the upper wirerope or lower wirerope and the mounting plate;
It is arranged with separator spring on upper wirerope or lower wirerope between two neighboring railing and railing and column, it is described Separation layer is enclosed on the outside of separator spring.
Further, first skew wall surrounds the column one week.
Further, second skew wall surrounds the column one week.
Further, the lower end of the column is provided with protrusion, and the protrusion has towards first skew wall Third skew wall, the second rotation accommodation groove are opened on the third skew wall.
Further, the upper end of the support rod is provided with block, and the outer spring is located at the block and described first Between skew wall.
The invention has the benefit that
Anticollision guardrail structure of the invention is simple, and design is reasonable;It is connected between column and pedestal by the first rotating ball, then Column can be tilted with respect to pedestal any direction;Support rod is set in column front and rear sides, column is played a supporting role;When vertical When column inclination is larger, the second skew wall plays a supporting role column;Arc panel and buffer layer can buffer impact force;Column Bar stress can be moved along upper wirerope and lower wirerope, while separator spring plays the role of buffering to railing;It is hit when by vehicle When hitting, wirerope both ends pull movable plate, and compressed spring provides buffering, and when external force removes, spring stretching, extension is realized and resetted;This hair It is bright that the impact force of accident vehicle can be carried out to buffering release, reduce guardrail to the shocking damage of accident vehicle and occupant.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to more clearly explain the embodiment of the invention or the technical proposal in the existing technology, to embodiment or will show below There is attached drawing needed in technical description to be briefly described, it should be apparent that, the accompanying drawings in the following description is only this Some embodiments of invention for those of ordinary skill in the art without creative efforts, can be with It obtains other drawings based on these drawings.
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of one embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 2 is the side structure schematic diagram that column is connect with pedestal;
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram of railing.
Wherein:
1, pedestal;2, groove;3, the first rotation accommodation groove;4, the first skew wall;5, side wall;6, the second skew wall;7, first turn Dynamic ball;8, column;9, the second rotation accommodation groove;10, the second rotating ball;11, support rod;12, sliding groove;13, inner spring;14, Outer spring;15, upper runner;16, upper fixed board;17, upper moving plate;18, upper spring;19, lower runner;20, lower fixed board;21, lower moving plate; 22, lower spring;23, upper opening;24, under shed;25, upper wirerope;26, lower wirerope;27, railing;28, arc panel;29, pacify Loading board;30, bolt;31, buffer layer;32, protrusion;33, third skew wall;34, block;35, separator spring;36, separation layer.
Specific embodiment
Following will be combined with the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and technical solution in the embodiment of the present invention carries out clear, complete Site preparation description, it is clear that described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.It is based on Embodiment in the present invention, it is obtained by those of ordinary skill in the art without making creative efforts every other Embodiment shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
In the present embodiment, the left side in Fig. 1 is set as a left side, and right side is the right side, before being towards paper outside, towards paper inside It is rear.
As shown in Figure 1-3, the anticollision barrier in the present embodiment, including the pedestal 1 that left and right is oppositely arranged, on the pedestal 1 Equipped with one to lower recess groove 2, the bottom of the groove 2 is the first rotation accommodation groove 3, the first rotation accommodation groove 3 Opening connects the first skew wall 4;The inner end of first skew wall 4 is connect with the opening of the first rotation accommodation groove 3, and described the The outer end of one skew wall 4 extends and is higher than the inner end of first skew wall 4 to the outside of the pedestal 1;Outside first skew wall 4 The lower end of end connection side wall 5, the upper end of the side wall 5 connect the second skew wall 6;The inner end of second skew wall 6 and the side wall 5 Upper end connection, the outer end of second skew wall 6 extends and is higher than the inner end of second skew wall 6 to the outside of the pedestal 1.
The first rotating ball 7 is equipped in the first rotation accommodation groove 3, described in the top of first rotating ball 7 is exposed First rotation accommodation groove 3, the top of first rotating ball 7 is provided with column 8;The lower end of the column 8 is set there are two second Accommodation groove 9 is rotated, two the second rotation accommodation grooves 9 are located at front side and the rear side of the column 8;Second rotation Be equipped with the second rotating ball 10 in accommodation groove 9, second rotating ball 10 is connected with support rod 11, second rotating ball 10 with Expose the second rotation accommodation groove 9 in the part that the support rod 11 connects.
Offer sliding groove 12 on first skew wall 4, the sliding groove 12 is from 4 surface of the first skew wall to the bottom The front side or rear side of seat 1 oliquely downward extends.The lower end of the support rod 11 is placed in the sliding groove 12, the support rod Inner spring 13 is provided between 11 lower end and the bottom end of the sliding groove 12;Support rod 11 outside the sliding groove 12 On be arranged with outer spring 14.
The column 8 is hollow tube, and 8 inner upper end of column is equipped with upper runner 15, sets below the upper runner 15 It is equipped with fixed board 16, upper moving plate 17 is provided with below the upper fixed board 16, is connected between the upper fixed board 16 and the upper moving plate 17 It is connected to upper spring 18;8 interior lower end of column is equipped with lower runner 19, is provided with lower fixed board 20, institute above the lower runner 19 It states and is provided with lower moving plate 21 above lower fixed board 20, be connected with lower spring 22 between the lower fixed board 20 and the lower moving plate 21;Institute It states fixed board 16 and lower fixed board 20 and the column 8 is fixed, the upper moving plate 17 and lower moving plate 21 can be sliding along 8 inner wall of column It is dynamic.
The top of the column 8 is provided with upper opening 23, and the lower section of the column 8 is provided under shed 24;Upper wirerope 25 both ends respectively penetrate the upper opening 23 of left and right two root posts 8, bypass the upper runner 15, pass through the upper fixed board 16, Gu It is scheduled on the upper moving plate 17;The both ends of lower wirerope 26 respectively penetrate the under shed 24 of left and right two root posts 8, under described Runner 19 passes through the lower fixed board 20, is fixed on the lower moving plate 21.
Several railings 27 are connected between upper wirerope 25 and lower wirerope 26;The railing 27 includes two arc panels 28, the convex surface of two arc panels 28 is oppositely arranged outwardly;The both ends of the arc panel 28 are respectively equipped with half circular mounting Plate 29, the mounting plate 29 of two arc panels 28 is opposite to clamp upper wirerope 25 or lower wirerope 26, two arcs The mounting plate 29 of shape plate 28 is fixed together by bolt 30;The upper wirerope 25 or lower wirerope 26 and the mounting plate 29 it Between be provided with buffer layer 31;On upper wirerope 25 or lower wirerope 26 between two neighboring railing 27 and railing 27 and column 8 It is arranged with separator spring 35, the outside of the separator spring 35 is enclosed with separation layer 36.
In the present embodiment, first skew wall 4 is surrounded the column 8 one weeks, and second skew wall 6 surrounds the column 8 One week.
The lower end of the column 8 is provided with protrusion 32, and the protrusion 32 has the third towards first skew wall 4 Skew wall 33, the second rotation accommodation groove 9 are opened on the third skew wall 33.The second rotation accommodation groove 9 is opened in institute It states on third skew wall 33, can be convenient the relative rotation of support rod 11 Yu column 8.
The upper end of the support rod 11 is provided with block 34, and it is oblique that the outer spring 14 is located at the block 34 and described first Between wall 4.Block 34 for fixing outer spring 14, while when support rod 11 along 12 slid inward of sliding groove farther out when, block 34 Also function to limit fixed function.
The present embodiment is in use, when there is Vehicular impact, and arc panel 28 and buffer layer 31 generate the shock of vehicle first Buffer function;Railing 27 is whole can be moved in stress along upper wirerope 25 and lower wirerope 26, realize buffering, while being spaced bullet Spring 35 plays the role of buffering to railing 27;When by Vehicular impact, upper wirerope 25 and lower 26 both ends of wirerope pull and move Plate 17 and lower moving plate 21 compress upper spring 18 and lower spring 22, then upper wirerope 25 and lower wirerope 26 can with shock and Generate the deformation outwardly protruded, further buffering percussive force;When external force removes, upper spring 18 and the stretching, extension of lower spring 22 are realized It resets;When by Vehicular impact, after 8 stress of column, the rotation of the first rotating ball 7, then 8 tiltable of column, meanwhile, the support of side 11 stress of bar is slided into sliding groove 12, and 11 stress of support rod of the other side slides in and out from sliding groove 12, corresponding two sides Inner spring 13 and outer spring 14 are compressed and are extended respectively, are played column 8 and are applied power in the direction opposite Vehicular impact power, when hitting It hits after power removes, the inner spring 13 and outer spring 14 of two sides push support rod 11 to reset, so that column 8 resets.The present embodiment The impact force of accident vehicle can be carried out to buffering release, reduce guardrail to the shocking damage of accident vehicle and occupant.
The foregoing is merely illustrative of the preferred embodiments of the present invention, is not intended to limit the invention, all in essence of the invention Within mind and principle, any modification, equivalent replacement, improvement and so on be should all be included in the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of anticollision barrier, which is characterized in that including the pedestal that left and right is oppositely arranged, the pedestal is equipped with one to lower recess Groove, the bottom of the groove is the first rotation accommodation groove, and the opening of the first rotation accommodation groove connects the first skew wall; The inner end of first skew wall is connect with the opening of the first rotation accommodation groove, and the outer end of first skew wall is to the pedestal Outside extend and be higher than first skew wall inner end;The lower end of the outer end connection side wall of first skew wall, the side wall Upper end connect the second skew wall;The inner end of second skew wall is connect with the upper end of the side wall, the outer end of second skew wall Extend and be higher than the inner end of second skew wall to the outside of the pedestal;
The first rotating ball is equipped in the first rotation accommodation groove, first rotation is exposed on the top of first rotating ball The top of accommodation groove, first rotating ball is provided with column;The lower end of the column set there are two second rotation accommodation groove, two A second rotation accommodation groove is located at front side and the rear side of the column;
The second rotating ball is equipped in the second rotation accommodation groove, second rotating ball is connected with support rod, and described second Expose the second rotation accommodation groove in the part that rotating ball is connect with the support rod;
Offer sliding groove on first skew wall, the sliding groove from first skew wall surface to the front side of the pedestal or Rear side oliquely downward extends;
The lower end of the support rod is placed in the sliding groove, between the lower end of the support rod and the bottom end of the sliding groove It is provided with inner spring;Outer spring is arranged on the support rod outside the sliding groove;
The column is hollow tube, and the column inner upper end is equipped with upper runner, is provided with fixed board below the upper runner, It is provided with upper moving plate below the upper fixed board, is connected with upper spring between the upper fixed board and the upper moving plate;In the column Subordinate end is equipped with lower runner, and lower fixed board is provided with above the lower runner, lower moving plate is provided with above the lower fixed board, under described Lower spring is connected between fixed board and the lower moving plate;The upper fixed board and lower fixed board are fixed with the column, the upper moving plate It can be slided along the column inner wall with lower moving plate;
It is provided with upper opening above the column, is provided under shed below the column;
The both ends of upper wirerope respectively penetrate the upper opening of left and right two root posts, bypass the upper runner, pass through the upper fixed board, It is fixed on the upper moving plate;
The both ends of lower wirerope respectively penetrate the under shed of left and right two root posts, bypass the lower runner, pass through the lower fixed board, It is fixed on the lower moving plate;
Several railings are connected between upper wirerope and lower wirerope;The railing includes two arc panels, two arcs The convex surface of plate is oppositely arranged outwardly;The both ends of the arc panel are respectively equipped with half circular mounting plate, two arc panels Mounting plate is opposite to clamp upper wirerope or lower wirerope, and the mounting plate of two arc panels is bolted together; Buffer layer is provided between the upper wirerope or lower wirerope and the mounting plate;
Separator spring, the interval are arranged on upper wirerope or lower wirerope between two neighboring railing and railing and column Separation layer is enclosed on the outside of spring.
2. anticollision barrier as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that first skew wall surrounds the column one week.
3. anticollision barrier as claimed in claim 2, which is characterized in that second skew wall surrounds the column one week.
4. anticollision barrier as claimed in claim 3, which is characterized in that the lower end of the column is provided with protrusion, described convex Portion has the third skew wall towards first skew wall out, and the second rotation accommodation groove is opened on the third skew wall.
5. anticollision barrier as claimed in claim 4, which is characterized in that the upper end of the support rod is provided with block, described outer Spring is between the block and first skew wall.
CN201710170864.1A 2017-03-21 2017-03-21 Anticollision barrier Active CN106836067B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710170864.1A CN106836067B (en) 2017-03-21 2017-03-21 Anticollision barrier

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710170864.1A CN106836067B (en) 2017-03-21 2017-03-21 Anticollision barrier

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CN106836067A CN106836067A (en) 2017-06-13
CN106836067B true CN106836067B (en) 2019-05-28

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Families Citing this family (9)

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CN107165093A (en) * 2017-06-23 2017-09-15 李雨林 A kind of safety guard fence for super highway
CN108273216A (en) * 2017-12-27 2018-07-13 三汽车制造有限公司 A kind of buffer unit and fire fighting truck
CN112030827B (en) * 2018-07-17 2021-12-17 东营金丰正阳科技发展有限公司 Highway guardrail that municipal works were used
CN108867235B (en) * 2018-08-14 2020-07-14 四川双果公路工程有限公司 Highway construction method
CN110029611B (en) * 2019-05-17 2021-05-14 连乐强 Railing is kept apart to trouble of town road
CN110042785B (en) * 2019-05-17 2023-11-24 招商局重庆交通科研设计院有限公司 Traffic anti-collision guardrail
CN111979956B (en) * 2020-08-31 2021-10-26 合肥森印科技有限公司 Road protection guardrail for buffering collision of automobile
CN112144447B (en) * 2020-09-23 2021-12-07 山东新福德金属科技有限公司 Automobile anti-collision guardrail based on friction buffering
CN112482279B (en) * 2020-11-26 2022-02-01 吉林建筑科技学院 Vehicle control device and method for hybrid traffic intersection

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CN2809000Y (en) * 2005-05-26 2006-08-23 重庆宏奥交通设施有限公司 Flexible safety traffic guardrail
KR20110087653A (en) * 2010-01-26 2011-08-03 김동선 A guide rail of triple sheet of steel structure having a crash suction ability and method of guide rail
KR20130142535A (en) * 2012-06-19 2013-12-30 백훈 Guardrail device
CN203947434U (en) * 2014-06-10 2014-11-19 浙江师范大学 A kind of crashproof highway barrier

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2809000Y (en) * 2005-05-26 2006-08-23 重庆宏奥交通设施有限公司 Flexible safety traffic guardrail
KR20110087653A (en) * 2010-01-26 2011-08-03 김동선 A guide rail of triple sheet of steel structure having a crash suction ability and method of guide rail
KR20130142535A (en) * 2012-06-19 2013-12-30 백훈 Guardrail device
CN203947434U (en) * 2014-06-10 2014-11-19 浙江师范大学 A kind of crashproof highway barrier

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