CN106825763B - Without the wiring board cutting processing technology of the nail of pin on the table, numerical control gong machine - Google Patents

Without the wiring board cutting processing technology of the nail of pin on the table, numerical control gong machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106825763B
CN106825763B CN201710019052.7A CN201710019052A CN106825763B CN 106825763 B CN106825763 B CN 106825763B CN 201710019052 A CN201710019052 A CN 201710019052A CN 106825763 B CN106825763 B CN 106825763B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
presser feet
cylinder
flitch
wiring board
cutting
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CN201710019052.7A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106825763A (en
Inventor
黄任龙
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Xuelong Numeral Control Equipment (shenzhen) Co Ltd
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Xuelong Numeral Control Equipment (shenzhen) Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201710019052.7A priority Critical patent/CN106825763B/en
Publication of CN106825763A publication Critical patent/CN106825763A/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23DPLANING; SLOTTING; SHEARING; BROACHING; SAWING; FILING; SCRAPING; LIKE OPERATIONS FOR WORKING METAL BY REMOVING MATERIAL, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23D79/00Methods, machines, or devices not covered elsewhere, for working metal by removal of material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q3/00Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine
    • B23Q3/02Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine for mounting on a work-table, tool-slide, or analogous part
    • B23Q3/06Work-clamping means
    • B23Q3/08Work-clamping means other than mechanically-actuated
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q2703/00Work clamping
    • B23Q2703/02Work clamping means
    • B23Q2703/04Work clamping means using fluid means or a vacuum

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of wiring board cutting processing technologys without the nail of pin on the table, numerical control gong machine.The cutting processing technology is the following steps are included: position and fix flitch using gas folder, wherein the first positioning pin column of gas folder is fixed pin, and the second positioning pin column of gas folder can be mobile flitch to be fixedly clamped relative to the first positioning pin column;Carry out first time cutting processing at the edge of flitch ascender line road plate using numerical control gong machine, and reserved between assist side and flitch it is multiple interrupt position, multiple circumferential edges for interrupting bit interval distribution assist side, wiring board and flitch are connected by interrupting position;Second of cutting processing is carried out separating wiring board with flitch to each position of interrupting using numerical control gong machine, flitch and wiring board are pressed on the workbench of numerical control gong machine simultaneously using the foot device of numerical control gong machine.It applies the technical scheme of the present invention and solves the problems, such as that process is tedious and location difficulty for location and installation in wiring board cutting process in the prior art.

Description

Without the wiring board cutting processing technology of the nail of pin on the table, numerical control gong machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to wiring board processing technique fields, and in particular, to a kind of line followed closely without pin on the table Road plate cutting processing technology, numerical control gong machine.
Background technique
Wiring board manufacturer requires according to technique or customer demand processes the shape of finished product, half-finished product plate.Traditional The organic gong of forming method, beer plate, hand gong, hand are cut.Numerical control gong machine because of safe operation, efficiently, the features such as formed precision is high existing quilt It is widely applied.
During producing wiring board, in order to improve efficiency, save the cost, being all will be each on one big area plate After the wiring board of a small area completes, then passes through numerical control gong machine and cut the wiring board of small area from flitch.For It avoids generating relative displacement by the wiring board of cutting the cutting wiring board during, and influences wiring board cutting processing essence Degree, it is necessary to many shop bolts are set by the wiring board of cutting for each on the workbench of numerical control gong machine, and It is arranged on each wiring board accordingly for the pin hole of shop bolt insertion, it then will be on the pin hole Alignment stage on wiring board The shop bolt fixed, thus by shop bolt by wiring board location and installation on the table, then carry out wiring board The operation of cutting processing technology to produce the wiring board of respective model.
Make positioning, the course of work of cutting processing line plate on flitch very complicated in this way, also very waste of time.? When replacing the product of different model, staff needs to remove the shop bolt laid for a upper model, and on the table It resets shop bolt and bores corresponding pin hole on the wiring board of new model again to meet cutting processing novel number The positioning operation of wiring board.Requirement with the increase and terminal client of the production costs such as material, artificial to process requirements mentions Height can no longer meet these requirements by the positioning method of shop bolt and pin hole cooperation.In addition, the gong of some small wiring boards It cuts in process, pin hole can not be reserved on slight route Board position at all, thus the technical issues of location difficulty occur.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of wiring board cutting processing technologys without the nail of pin on the table, numerical control Gong machine, it is intended to solve the problems, such as that process is tedious and location difficulty for location and installation in wiring board cutting process in the prior art.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the technical scheme is that provide it is a kind of without pin on the table nail Wiring board cutting processing technology under at least one wiring board cutting, should will not have to working using numerical control gong machine on flitch The wiring board cutting processing technology that pin is followed closely on platform is the following steps are included: position and fix flitch using gas folder, wherein Gas folder includes the first positioning pin column and the second positioning pin column, and the first positioning pin column is fixed pin, and the second positioning pin column being capable of phase For the movement of the first positioning pin column flitch to be fixedly clamped, and the edge part of flitch corresponds to the first positioning pin column and second and determines Position pin offers the first dowel hole and the second dowel hole;It is carried out using numerical control gong machine at the edge of flitch ascender line road plate First time cutting processing, in first time cutting process, reserved between assist side and flitch it is multiple interrupt position, it is multiple to beat The circumferential edge of disconnected bit interval distribution assist side, wiring board and flitch are connected by interrupting position;In first time, cutting is processed At later, second of cutting processing is carried out to separate wiring board with flitch, second to each position of interrupting using numerical control gong machine In secondary cutting process, number is pressed on by the wiring board of cutting by flitch and currently simultaneously using the foot device of numerical control gong machine On the workbench for controlling gong machine, wherein gas folder is installed on the workbench.
Optionally, number is pressed on by the wiring board of cutting by flitch and currently simultaneously in the foot device using numerical control gong machine During controlling on the workbench of gong machine, numerical control gong machine includes backboard and the main shaft that is fixed on backboard, and foot device connects On backboard, wherein foot device includes that sealing cover, presser feet cup, presser feet pad and the first cylinder, sealing cover are connected on backboard, First cylinder body of the first cylinder is fixedly connected with sealing cover, and the first cylinder axis of the first cylinder is connect with presser feet cup, on presser feet cup Equipped with prop hole, the first cylinder axis passes through prop hole, and the aperture of prop hole is greater than the diameter of axle of the first cylinder axis, by stretching the first cylinder axis First cylinder body out, so that the presser feet pad connecting with presser feet cup simultaneously compresses flitch and wiring board on the table, and main shaft It is mobile to carry out cutting processing relative to presser feet cup.
Optionally, foot device further includes the second cylinder, and the second cylinder body of the second cylinder is fixedly connected on backboard, and second Second cylinder axis of cylinder is connect with sealing cover;In carrying out first time cutting process, the first cylinder axis is retracted first In cylinder body, and the second cylinder axis is retracted in the second cylinder body, so that the end for the cutting gong knife being mounted on main shaft and presser feet pad The distance between end is more than or equal to the thickness of flitch;During carrying out second of cutting processing, the first cylinder axis is stretched First cylinder body out, and the second cylinder axis is stretched out into the second cylinder body, so that presser feet pad compresses flitch and wiring board, and presser feet simultaneously It can be relatively moved between cup and sealing cover.
Optionally, sealing cover or presser feet cup are equipped with the tracheae blown inwards for external device (ED) and the gas communicated with tracheae Slot, the end of presser feet cup and the matching ends of sealing cover;During carrying out second of cutting processing, to tracheal gas insufflation It generates pressure after into air drain to blow, to increase presser feet pad to the pressure of wiring board, and in the end of sealing cover and presser feet cup End between formed one layer of air film to reduce the frictional force between sealing cover and presser feet cup.
Optionally, sealing cover and presser feet cup cooperatively form accommodating space, and sealing cover is equipped with first through hole, the bottom of presser feet pad Portion is equipped with the second through-hole, and the cutting gong knife being mounted on main shaft sequentially passes through first through hole and the second through-hole and carries out gong to position is interrupted It cuts processing, the dust suction pipe fitting being connected with accommodating space is provided on the side wall of presser feet cup or presser feet pad, in first time cutting In processing and second of cutting process, air-breathing is carried out to dust suction pipe fitting producing cutting flitch by external dust exhaust apparatus Raw clast detaches accommodating space.
Optionally, in first time cutting processing and second of cutting process, numerical control gong machine is with the first positioning pin The movement routine that the position of column is work zero point main shaft is arranged.
According to another aspect of the present invention, a kind of numerical control gong machine is provided, at least one route of cutting on flitch Plate, numerical control gong machine include controller, backboard, main shaft and foot device, and main shaft is fixed on backboard, and controller controls backboard and moves It is dynamic, wherein foot device includes sealing cover, presser feet cup, presser feet pad, the first cylinder and the second cylinder, the first cylinder and the second gas Cylinder is electrically connected with the controller, and the second cylinder body of the second cylinder is fixedly connected on backboard, the second cylinder axis of the second cylinder with Sealing cover connection, the first cylinder body of the first cylinder are fixedly connected with sealing cover, and the first cylinder axis and presser feet cup of the first cylinder connect It connects, presser feet cup is equipped with prop hole, and the first cylinder axis passes through prop hole, and the aperture of prop hole is greater than the diameter of axle of the first cylinder axis, workbench On be provided with gas folder, gas folder includes the first positioning pin column and the second positioning pin column, and the first positioning pin column is fixed pin, second Positioning pin column can be mobile flitch to be fixedly clamped relative to the first positioning pin column, and the edge part of flitch corresponds to first and determines Position pin and the second positioning pin column offer the first dowel hole and the second dowel hole.
Optionally, sealing cover and presser feet cup cooperatively form accommodating space, and sealing cover is equipped with first through hole, the bottom of presser feet pad Portion is equipped with the second through-hole, and the cutting gong knife being mounted on main shaft sequentially passes through first through hole and the second through-hole, presser feet cup or presser feet The dust suction pipe fitting being connected with accommodating space is provided on the side wall of pad.
Optionally, sealing cover or presser feet cup are equipped with the tracheae blown inwards for external device (ED) and the gas communicated with tracheae Slot, the end of presser feet cup and the matching ends of sealing cover, are provided with sealing strip in air drain, sealing strip towards presser feet cup end Or towards being provided with multiple stomatas identical with air drain on the side wall of sealing cover end.
Using cutting processing technology of the invention, flitch is positioned by the first positioning pin column and the second positioning pin column And it is fixed, then in cutting process, while flitch and wiring board are carried out together by the foot device in numerical control gong machine When position and fix, with the side positioned and fixed in the prior art by additional shop bolt on flitch and wiring board Formula compares, and can simplify the positioning operation process in cutting process so that for flitch location and installation process quickly, It is convenient, to simplify the cumbersome process of entire cutting manufacturing procedure, improve production efficiency.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the cutting schematic diagram of big flitch provided in an embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the first view stereo figure of numerical control gong machine provided in an embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the top view of big flitch provided in an embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the schematic diagram of numerical control gong machine first time cutting provided in an embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the enlarged drawing of a-quadrant in Fig. 4;
Fig. 6 is the schematic diagram of second of cutting of numerical control gong machine provided in an embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 7 is the enlarged drawing of B area in Fig. 6;
Fig. 8 is the exploded view of foot device provided in an embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 9 is the exploded view of sealing cover provided in an embodiment of the present invention;
Figure 10 is the second view stereo figure of the numerical control gong machine of the embodiment of the present invention;
Figure 11 is the perspective view of installation gas folder on the workbench of the embodiment of the present invention;
Figure 12 is to carry out numerical control processing route using traditional numeric-control gong machine after being positioned in the prior art using pin The flow diagram of plate;
Figure 13 is the flow diagram that numerical control processing route plate is carried out using numerical control gong machine provided by the invention.
In the accompanying drawings:
100 Flitch 2525 First through hole
101 Interrupt position 2526 First conical surface
200 Wiring board 253 Presser feet cup
20 Numerical control gong machine 2531 Prop hole
21 Workbench 2532 Dust suction pipe fitting
22 Backboard 254 Accommodating space
23 Main shaft 255 First cylinder
24 Cutting gong knife 2551 First cylinder body
25 Foot device 2552 First cylinder axis
251 Second cylinder 256 Supporting plate
2511 Second cylinder body 2561 Second conical surface
2512 Second cylinder axis 257 Presser feet pad
252 Sealing cover 2571 Second through-hole
2521 Tracheae 258 Soft hairbrush
2522 Air drain 259 Floating junction
2523 Sealing strip 260 Connecting rod
2524 Stomata 300 Air film
10 Gas folder 11 First positioning pin column
12 Second positioning pin column
Specific embodiment
In order to make the objectives, technical solutions, and advantages of the present invention clearer, with reference to the accompanying drawings and embodiments, right The present invention is further elaborated.It should be appreciated that the specific embodiments described herein are merely illustrative of the present invention, and It is not used in the restriction present invention.
It should be noted that it can be directly another when element is referred to as " being fixed on " or " being set to " another element On one element or indirectly on another element.When an element referred to as " is connected to " another element, it can be with It is directly to another element or is indirectly connected on another element.
It should also be noted that, the positional terms such as left and right, upper and lower in the present embodiment, be only each other relative concept or It is reference with the normal operating condition of product, and should not be regarded as restrictive.
It is each on cutting flitch 100 the present invention also provides a kind of numerical control gong machine 20 referring to Figure 1 to Figure 11 Wiring board 200, numerical control gong machine 20 include the workbench 21 for being fixed with flitch 100, control system (not shown), by control system control The backboard 22 of its movement is made, is fixed on backboard 22 and drives and is used for for the main shaft 23 of cutting flitch 100, by main shaft 23 The cutting gong knife 24 of cutting flitch 100 and for compressing wiring board 200 so that the foot device that wiring board 200 is kept fixed 25, foot device 25 is including being fixed on the second cylinder 251 of backboard 22, connecting with the second cylinder 251 and by the second cylinder 251 Drive the sealing cover 252 to move up and down, positioned at the lower section of sealing cover 252 and be fastened on sealing cover 252 with 252 shape of sealing cover Sealing cover 252, which is fixed on, at the presser feet cup 253 of accommodating space 254, one end connects presser feet cup 253 with the other end with support presser feet cup 253 the first cylinder 255 and it is fixed on 253 bottom of presser feet cup and for compressing the presser feet pad 257 of wiring board 200, the first gas Cylinder 255 includes the second cylinder body 2551 and first cylinder axis flexible by the driving of the second cylinder body 2551 for being fixed on sealing cover 252 2552, presser feet cup 253 is equipped with the prop hole that diameter is greater than 2552 diameter of the first cylinder axis and passes through for the first cylinder axis 2552 2531, the first cylinder axis 2552 is equipped with far from one end of the second cylinder body 2551 and is held in presser feet cup 253 to hold up presser feet cup 253 Supporting plate 256.As shown in Figure 10 and Figure 11, gas folder 10 is installed, gas folder 10 includes 11 He of the first positioning pin column on workbench 21 Second positioning pin column 12, wherein the first positioning pin column 11 is fixed pin, the second positioning pin column 12 is by driving cylinder (not scheme Show) driving can be mobile relative to the first positioning pin column 11, and the driving cylinder is electrically connected with the controller.Used in the present invention Flitch 100 edge part position at, offer the first dowel hole corresponding to the first positioning pin column 11, correspond to second positioning Pin 12 offers the second dowel hole.
Numerical control gong machine 20 provided in an embodiment of the present invention is for getting off 200 cutting of small wiring board on flitch 100.Mainly Including following operating process:
First flitch 100 is fixed on the workbench 21 of numerical control gong machine 20, staff positions first on flitch 100 Pin hole, the second dowel hole respectively correspond the first positioning pin column 11 and the second positioning pin column 12, and flitch 100 is then placed on work Make on platform 21, is moved by opposite first positioning pin column 11 of the second positioning pin column of starting controller control driving cylinder driving 12 It is dynamic, so that flitch 100 be completed to position and be fixedly clamped, cutting processing line just can be carried out on flitch 100 later Plate 200.Then first time cutting is carried out, specifically, the first cylinder axis 2552 of control is shunk, so that sealing cover 252 and presser feet cup 253 link closely, and the blade end for being mounted on the cutting gong knife 24 of main shaft 23 at this time exceeds presser feet pad 257 to carry out gong to flitch 100 It cuts, backboard 22 is controlled by controller and is moved down, and presser feet pad 257 is made to be held in flitch 100 and wiring board 200, at this point, will Before flitch 100 is mounted on workbench 21, a block protection backing plate (not shown) is placed on workbench 21 first, is then existed again It protects and flitch 100 is installed on backing plate, and protect the thickness of backing plate in 2mm or more, the present embodiment is preferably 2.5mm, is existed in this way During main shaft 23 drives cutting gong knife 24 to carry out cutting processing line plate 200 to flitch 100, cutting gong knife 24 is by flitch 100 cuttings pass through after is accepted by protection backing plate, generally cutting gong knife 24 pass through flitch 100 after gong into protection backing plate Depth no more than 0.5mm, such cutting gong knife 24 can ensure cutting gong knife 24 during carrying out cutting to flitch Blade will not collide with workbench 21 and damage cutter.Then driving spindle 23 is highly mobile in same water and makes cutting gong knife 24 Carry out cutting along the outer rim of wiring board 200, need to reserve during cutting it is multiple connect with flitch 100 interrupt position 101.By It is fixed with flitch 100 by multiple positions 101 of interrupting always during first time cutting in wiring board 200, therefore, in flitch Under the premise of 100 is fixed, wiring board 200 is equally also fixed without generating displacement, to protect during first time cutting The machining accuracy in first time cutting is demonstrate,proved.Then the first cylinder axis 2552 is extended so that presser feet cup 253 loses to pop-up Power, due to the effect of gravity, the presser feet pad 257 that is connected on presser feet cup 253 by flitch 100 and wiring board 200 while can be pressed Tightly on workbench 21, second of cutting is then carried out, 101 gong of position will be interrupted and broken.During gong breaks and interrupts position 101, by Flitch 100 and wiring board 200 have been compressed in presser feet pad 257, wiring board 200 will not be still subjected to displacement relative to flitch 100, Hereby it is ensured that the machining accuracy of second of cutting.
After cutting twice, the separation of wiring board 200 Yu flitch 100 is realized.It should be noted that in second of gong During cutting, after the presser feet pad 257 on presser feet cup 253 compresses flitch 100 and wiring board 200 simultaneously, presser feet cup 253 is opposite Wiring board 200 is static, since the diameter of prop hole 2531 is greater than the diameter of the first cylinder axis 2552, and prop hole 2531 with will be into Row cutting processing interrupts the setting of 101 face of position, and therefore, main shaft 23 and sealing cover 252 opposite can press in the horizontal direction Footed glass 253 is mobile, therefore may be implemented to carry out second of cutting to the position 101 of interrupting between flitch 100 and wiring board 200.This It avoids during the cutting of inventive embodiments assist side 200 using positioning pin fixing circuit board 200, to simplify processing Positioning operation in program, while ensure that machining accuracy.
Refer to Fig. 4 to Fig. 9, further, sealing cover 252 be equipped with the tracheae 2521 blown inwards for external device (ED) with And the air drain 2522 communicated with tracheae 2521, the opening of air drain 2522 (are supplied towards presser feet cup 253 alternatively, presser feet cup 253 is equipped with The tracheae 2521 that external device (ED) is blown inwards and the air drain 2522 communicated with tracheae 2521, the opening direction sealing of air drain 2522 Lid 252, the present embodiment is arranged for sealing cover 252 by tracheae 2521, air drain 2522 to be illustrated).Air drain 2522 is provided with On the end of sealing cover 252 contacted with presser feet cup 253 (alternatively, air drain 2522 be provided with presser feet cup 253 with sealing cover 252 On the end of contact, at this point, tracheae 2521 be arranged on presser feet cup 253), sealing cover 252 and presser feet cup 253 assembly complete and After the end face of the two contacts with each other, which can form complete airflow channel;The embodiment of the present invention is in sealing cover 252 Upper setting tracheae 2521, and blown using external equipment into tracheae 2521, gas flowing gas full of after in flow channel Pressure rises, so that the end to contact with each other between sealing cover 252 and presser feet cup 253 separates and in sealing cover 252 and presser feet cup A thin layer of air film 300 is formed between 253, it in this way can be in the premise for the pressing force for increasing 253 pairs of wiring boards 200 of presser feet cup Under be more convenient for during second of cutting, due to forming a thin layer of air film between sealing cover 252 and presser feet cup 253 300, when sealing cover 252 is moved relative to presser feet cup 253, so that the frictional force between them substantially reduces, reduce sealing cover 252 and presser feet cup 253 abrasion, improve the service life of sealing cover 252 and presser feet cup 253.
Fig. 9 is referred to, further, sealing cover 252 further includes in air drain 2522 and bottom is equipped with and air drain 2522 The sealing strip 2523 of the multiple stomatas 2524 communicated, multiple stomatas 2524 are in the side towards presser feet cup 253 of sealing strip 2523 It is uniformly distributed.When external equipment is blown inwards by tracheae 2521, gas enters air drain 2522 by tracheae 2521, and leads to The end that multiple stomatas 2524 are discharged and blow to presser feet cup 253 is crossed, so that the air film 300 between sealing cover 252 and presser feet cup 253 It is more uniform, be conducive to sealing cover 252 and float on presser feet cup 253, not only reduces between sealing cover 252 and presser feet cup 253 Frictional force (forming Serpentine Gallery Pavilion between sealing cover 252 and presser feet cup 253), and make cutting more smooth.
Fig. 2 to Fig. 8 is referred to, further, sealing cover 252 is equipped with for main shaft 23 across and into accommodating space 254 First through hole 2525, presser feet pad 257 bottoms be equipped with for cutting gong knife 24 pass through with to flitch 100 carry out cutting the second through-hole 2571, the dust suction pipe fitting 2532 being connected with accommodating space 254 is additionally provided on presser feet cup 253, dust suction pipe fitting 2532 is used Accommodating space 254 is sucked out with the clast for generating cutting in connection external air suction device;The embodiment of the present invention is on presser feet cup 253 Dust suction pipe fitting 2532 is set, and during cutting, by the outside air-breathing of external equipment, cutting process can be generated Clast be sucked out in time so that cutting process is more smooth, and cutting precision can be improved.
Fig. 7 is referred to, further, presser feet pads 257 bottoms and is equipped with the soft hairbrush 258 for being surrounded on the second through-hole 2571. During cutting, flitch 100, wiring board 200 soft hairbrush 258 and flitch 100 while compression by soft hairbrush 258, There is gap between wiring board 200, in this way, dust suction pipe fitting 2532 is under the action of external equipment outside air-breathing, air-flow from The gap of soft hairbrush 258 is by forming air flow, so that the clast that cutting process is generated is sucked out.
In the present embodiment, cutting complete one interrupt position 101 after, then main shaft 23 is moved to and next interrupts position During 101, need to shrink the first cylinder axis 2552 of the first cylinder 255 into the first cylinder body 2551 of meeting, so that presser feet cup 258 It is promoted by the first cylinder axis 2552, to make soft hairbrush 258 be detached from flitch 100 and wiring board 200, to which main shaft 23 to be moved to Next to interrupt position 101 and then stretch out the first cylinder axis 2552 from the first cylinder body 2551, presser feet cup 253 is from recast Compress flitch 100 and wiring board 200 again under, then main shaft 23 drives the progress gong of cutting gong knife 24 is disconnected to interrupt position 101.When So, cutting complete one interrupt position 101 after, then by main shaft 23 be moved to it is next interrupt position 101 during, Ke Yibao The first cylinder axis 2552 for holding the first cylinder 255 stretches out the first cylinder body 2551, and soft hairbrush 258 still can be in presser feet cup 253 at this time It keeps supporting on flitch 100 and wiring board 200 under self gravitation effect, in this way, soft hairbrush 258 can interrupt position at two Clast is subjected to Mobile cleaning during mobile main shaft 23 between 101, to clast be cleaned, and in Mobile cleaning mistake Soft hairbrush 258 can also remove a part of burr on 200 edge of wiring board in journey.
Fig. 7 and Fig. 8 are referred to, further, prop hole 2531 is equipped with first conical surface 2526 far from one end of sealing cover 252, Supporting plate 256 is equipped with second conical surface 2561 for fitting in first conical surface 2526 towards the side of prop hole 2531.The embodiment of the present invention is logical It crosses two conical surface fittings and realizes that the first cylinder 255 holds up presser feet cup 253, such conical surface fitting can be very good to guarantee sealing The concentricity of lid 252 and presser feet cup 253 prevents presser feet cup 253 and sealing cover 252 from interfering the processing of cutting gong knife 24 when fastening.
Fig. 2 is referred to, further, the second cylinder 251 includes first cylinder body 2511 fixed with backboard 22 and by the The second flexible cylinder axis 2512 of one cylinder body 2511 driving, foot device 25 further includes that floating junction 259 and one end are fixed on Sealing cover 252 and the other end extend to the second cylinder axis 2512 and are connect by floating junction 259 with the second cylinder axis 2512 Connecting rod 260.The embodiment of the present invention is by floating junction 259 by connecting rod 260 and the connection of the second cylinder axis 2512 so that the second gas When cylinder shaft 2512 and not coaxial connecting rod 260, the lifting of the workpiece such as presser feet cup 253 and sealing cover 252 still can be smoothly driven.
In the present invention, it provides and carries out cutting processing line plate 200 on flitch 100 using above-mentioned numerical control gong machine 20 The wiring board cutting processing technology followed closely without pin on the table.The following steps are included:
It presss from both sides 10 pairs of flitch 100 using gas to position and fix, wherein gas folder 10 includes the first positioning pin column 11 and second Positioning pin column 12, the first positioning pin column 11 are fixed pin, and the second positioning pin column 12 can be moved relative to the first positioning pin column 11 It moves so that flitch 100 to be fixedly clamped, and the edge part of flitch 100 corresponds to the first positioning pin column 11 and opens with the second positioning pin column 12 Equipped with the first dowel hole and the second dowel hole;
First time cutting processing is carried out at the edge of 100 ascender line road plate 200 of flitch using numerical control gong machine 20, for the first time In cutting process, reserved between assist side 200 and flitch 100 it is multiple interrupt position 101, it is multiple to interrupt the interval point of position 101 The circumferential edge of cloth assist side 200, wiring board 200 are connect with flitch 100 by interrupting position 101;
After cutting completes the process in first time, second of cutting is carried out to each position 101 of interrupting using numerical control gong machine 20 Processing is to separate wiring board 200 with flitch 100, in second of cutting process, is filled using the presser feet of numerical control gong machine 20 It sets 25 to be pressed on the workbench 21 of numerical control gong machine 20 by flitch 100 and currently by the wiring board of cutting 200 simultaneously, wherein gas Folder 10 is mounted on workbench 21.
Using cutting processing technology of the invention, by the first positioning pin column 11 and the second positioning pin column 12 to flitch 100 It is positioned and fixed, then in cutting process, while by the foot device 25 in numerical control gong machine 20 to flitch 100 It is positioned and fixed simultaneously with wiring board 200, and passes through additional shop bolt on flitch and wiring board in the prior art The mode positioned and fixed compares, and can simplify the positioning operation process in cutting process, and no longer need to It punched, drilled on flitch 100 and wiring board 200, maintain the integrality of wiring board 200 in process, while this hair Bright positioning method foot device 25 during cutting remain the impaction state to flitch 100 and wiring board 200 and It does not move, (pin positioning is easy to happen flitch and wiring board because of pin pine for middle pin positioning compared with the prior art Move and move, influence cutting machining accuracy), the precision of cutting processing is higher.
Wherein, the position of related features requirement between the first positioning pin column 11 and the second positioning pin column 12 and main shaft 23 of gas folder 10 Within 0.01mm, and the precision that gas folder 10 repeat clamping for flitch 100 necessarily requires within 0.02mm (i.e. gas Position of related features between the first positioning pin column 11 and the second positioning pin column 12 and main shaft 23 of folder 10 requires within 0.02mm).
In first time cutting processing and second of cutting process, numerical control gong machine 20 is with the first positioning pin column 11 The movement routine that position is work zero point main shaft 23 is arranged.In this way, enabling staff to being placed on workbench 21 The flitch 100 for carrying out the different model of cutting processing is uniformly taken work zero point, so that the main shaft 23 of staff's design Cutting is mobile always using the work zero point as cutting point, reduces staff and carries out numerical control in the controller of numerical control gong machine 20 The difficulty of programming.
The foot device 25 using numerical control gong machine 20 simultaneously by flitch 100 with currently compressed by the wiring board of cutting 200 During on the workbench 21 of numerical control gong machine 20, numerical control gong machine 20 includes backboard 22 and the main shaft being fixed on backboard 22 23, and foot device 25 is connected on backboard 22, wherein foot device 25 includes sealing cover 252, presser feet cup 253, presser feet pad 257 and first cylinder 255, sealing cover 252 be connected on backboard 22, the first cylinder body 2551 and sealing cover 252 of the first cylinder 255 It being fixedly connected, the first cylinder axis 2552 of the first cylinder 255 is connect with presser feet cup 253, and presser feet cup 253 is equipped with prop hole 2531, First cylinder axis 2552 passes through prop hole 2531, and the aperture of prop hole 2531 is greater than the diameter of axle of the first cylinder axis 2552, by by first Cylinder axis 2552 stretches out the first cylinder body 2551, so that the presser feet pad 257 connecting with presser feet cup 253 is simultaneously by flitch 100 and route Plate 200 is pressed on workbench 21, and main shaft 23 is mobile to carry out cutting processing relative to presser feet cup 253.At this point, passing through backboard 22 drive the building block of remaining numerical control gong machine 20 to carry out up and down direction, horizontal direction movement, to control the feed of main shaft 23 Path, and in carrying out the second cutting process, the first cylinder body 2551 is stretched out so that presser feet cup by the first cylinder axis 2552 253 are detached from sealing cover 253, and presser feet cup 253 declines flitch 100 in self gravitation effect and wiring board 200 compresses simultaneously, due to At this time there are gap between the first cylinder axis 2552 and prop hole 2531, sealing cover 252 can be mobile (i.e. relative to presser feet cup 253 At this time backboard 22 can driving spindle 23 it is mobile relative to presser feet cup 253), to carry out cutting processing.
Further, foot device 25 further includes the second cylinder 251, and the second cylinder body 2511 of the second cylinder 251 is fixed to be connected It connects on backboard 22, the second cylinder axis 2512 of the second cylinder 251 is connect with sealing cover 252;Carrying out first time cutting processing In the process, the first cylinder axis 2552 is retracted in the first cylinder body 2551, and the second cylinder axis 2512 is retracted the second cylinder body 2511 It is interior, so that the end for the cutting gong knife 24 being mounted on main shaft 23 and presser feet, which pad the distance between 257 ends, is more than or equal to flitch 100 thickness;During carrying out second of cutting processing, the first cylinder axis 2552 is stretched out into the first cylinder body 2551, and will Second cylinder axis 2512 stretches out the second cylinder body 2511, so that presser feet pad 257 compresses flitch 100 and wiring board 200 simultaneously, and presses It can be relatively moved between footed glass 253 and sealing cover 252.At this point, being still the group for driving remaining numerical control gong machine 20 by backboard 22 Up and down direction, horizontal direction movement are carried out at component, so that the feed path of main shaft 23 is controlled, in the backboard 22 of numerical control gong machine 20 Control move up and down during, can by the second cylinder 251 to sealing cover 252 relative to flitch 100 vertical distance carry out Individually adjust.When sealing cover 252 needs to carry out the adjusting of small distance relative to flitch 100, then it can pass through the second cylinder 251 are adjusted (the driving precision of the servo motor of driving backboard 22 is lower than the driving precision of the second cylinder 251).
Preferably, sealing cover 252 or presser feet cup 253 be equipped with the tracheae 2521 blown inwards for external device (ED) and with gas The air drain 2522 (the present embodiment is arranged for sealing cover 252 by tracheae 2521, air drain 2522 to be illustrated) that pipe 2521 communicates, The end of presser feet cup 253 and the matching ends of sealing cover 252;During carrying out second of cutting processing, to tracheae It blows in 2511 and generates pressure after entering air drain 2522 and blow, to increase the pressure that presser feet pads 257 pairs of wiring boards 200, and in One layer of air film 300 is formed between the end of sealing cover 252 and the end of presser feet cup 253 to reduce sealing cover 252 and presser feet cup 253 Between frictional force.In this way, the first cylinder axis 2552 stretches out after the first cylinder body 2551, presser feet cup 253 can not only be at itself Flitch 100 and wiring board 200 are compressed under gravity simultaneously, while blowing to presser feet cup from the pressure that air drain 2552 is blown out 253 end, so that the pressure using air-flow carries out force effect to presser feet cup 253, so that presser feet cup 253 is further pressed Tight flitch 100 and wiring board 200.
Carry out in the production line batch production route plate 200 before, it is necessary to the first piece of line that numerical control gong machine 20 is processed Road plate 200 is detected, and when the only first piece wiring board 200 completed the process fully meets quality requirement, can utilize the number Control gong machine 20 carries out batch production route plate 200 to flitch 100.If the first piece of wiring board 200 completed the process does not meet quality It is required that this block wiring board 200 is then scrapped processing or reworked processing, meet the requirements in 20 assembly precision of numerical control gong machine and without reason In the case where barrier, adjustment is modified (the numerical control programming zero defect the case where to numerical control programming designed by numerical control gong machine 200 Under, then maintenance adjustment is carried out to numerical control gong machine 20), and complete the process one piece of wiring board 200 again and carry out quality testing, until inspection After survey result conforms to quality requirements, batch production route plate 200 is then carried out.
As shown in figure 12, in the prior art, using conventional machining process carry out wiring board production and processing, need by 19 processes, cumbersome technique process step cause production and processing efficiency to be decreased obviously, and are carried out using pin to flitch 100 Positioning, the drilling numerical control machine used that drills is inevitably present loss of accuracy, so as to cause under the machining accuracy of wiring board Drop.It in conventional machining process, needs to transfer numerical control information twice, i.e., once takes borehole data (step 1, feeding twist drill hole money Material) and once transfer the numerical control programming data (9, transfer the numerical control programming data of numerical control gong machine) of numerical control gong machine.Traditional processing In technique, drilling numerical control machine and numerical control gong machine be the same main shaft on same numerically-controlled machine tool realize bore, gong is processed.? It is that will be arranged the corresponding drill of required drilling according to set drilling tool parameter in step 5 (i.e. 5, row hole drilling bit) In the tool magazine of numerically-controlled machine tool, is then successively drilled according to the drilling tool sequence arranged and (similarly, arrange gong in step 12 The principle of knife is as row hole drilling bit).In step 13 (i.e. 13, set according to numerical control programming data, gong knife and on flitch Fixed work zero point determines real work zero point), it is parameter and step 6 so that the work zero point being arranged in numerical control programming data The position of the work zero point of middle setting is completely the same and final determining work zero point, and actually real work zero point is still flitch On setting work zero point.
As shown in figure 13, obvious in the process for carrying out production and processing route plate using numerical control gong machine provided by the invention 12 processes seen by ground, compared with the existing technology in traditional processing technology significantly simplify process flow, process obtains To optimization, so that production efficiency is obviously improved.Technique manufacturing procedure step of the invention as shown in fig. 13 that, the processing step is only The numerical control programming data of a numerical control gong machine need to be transferred, wiring board processing work then can be completed according to the numerical control programming data Skill.In processing step 9, the process of examination gong plate include 9.1 cutting circuit edges and it is reserved interrupt the gong of position 101 and 9.2 and break interrupt After being completed to two processing technology steps, wiring board is examined with forming two processing steps of finished product wiring board position 101 It surveys, to judge whether wiring board processing is qualified.Judge to carry out in terms of two, first, judge from the cutting edge of wiring board Whether the processing quality of step 9.1 is qualified, and second, whether closed from the processing quality of the cutting edge judgment step 9.2 of wiring board Lattice.The wiring board of first piece of processing is judged in the detection of first plate if it is unqualified, then correspondingly judgement is step 9.1 or step 9.2 is unqualified, after targetedly correct, then does over again again, then carries out examination gong plate operation, until examination gong plate processing Testing result it is qualified and then carry out batch production route plate.
The above is merely preferred embodiments of the present invention, be not intended to limit the invention, it is all in spirit of the invention and Made any modifications, equivalent replacements, and improvements etc., should all be included in the protection scope of the present invention within principle.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of wiring board cutting processing technology followed closely without pin on the table, will at least on flitch using numerical control gong machine One wiring board cutting is got off, which is characterized in that should not have to the wiring board cutting processing technology that pin is followed closely on the table includes Following steps:
The flitch is positioned and fixed using gas folder, wherein the gas folder includes the first positioning pin column and the second positioning Pin, first positioning pin column are fixed pin, and second positioning pin column can be moved relative to first positioning pin column It moves so that the flitch to be fixedly clamped, and the edge part of the flitch corresponds to first positioning pin column and second positioning Pin offers the first dowel hole and the second dowel hole;
First time cutting processing is carried out along the edge of the wiring board on the flitch using the numerical control gong machine, for the first time In cutting process, reserved between assist side and the flitch it is multiple interrupt position, it is multiple described to interrupt bit interval and be distributed in The circumferential edge of the wiring board, the wiring board interrupt position described in the flitch and connect;
After in first time, cutting is completed the process, using the numerical control gong machine to it is each it is described interrupt position carry out second of cutting add Work is to separate the wiring board with the flitch, in second of cutting process, utilizes the presser feet of the numerical control gong machine Device is pressed on the workbench of the numerical control gong machine simultaneously by the flitch and currently by the wiring board of cutting, wherein The gas folder is installed on the workbench.
2. the wiring board cutting processing technology as described in claim 1 for not having to pin nail on the table, which is characterized in that The number is pressed on by the wiring board of cutting by the flitch and currently simultaneously using the foot device of the numerical control gong machine During controlling on the workbench of gong machine, the numerical control gong machine includes backboard and the main shaft that is fixed on the backboard, and described Foot device is connected on the backboard, wherein and the foot device includes sealing cover, presser feet cup, presser feet pad and the first cylinder, The sealing cover is connected on the backboard, and the first cylinder body of first cylinder is fixedly connected with the sealing cover, and described First cylinder axis of one cylinder is connect with the presser feet cup, and the presser feet cup is equipped with prop hole, and first cylinder axis passes through institute State prop hole, the aperture of the prop hole is greater than the diameter of axle of first cylinder axis, by will first cylinder axis stretching described the One cylinder body, so that the flitch and the wiring board are pressed on the workbench simultaneously by the presser feet pad connecting with the presser feet cup On, and the main shaft is mobile to carry out cutting processing relative to the presser feet cup.
3. the wiring board cutting processing technology as claimed in claim 2 for not having to pin nail on the table, which is characterized in that institute Stating foot device further includes the second cylinder, and the second cylinder body of second cylinder is fixedly connected on the backboard, and described second Second cylinder axis of cylinder is connect with the sealing cover;
It, will be in first cylinder axis retraction, first cylinder body, and by described the in carrying out first time cutting process Two cylinder axis are retracted in second cylinder body, so that the end for the cutting gong knife being mounted on the main shaft and presser feet pad end The distance between portion is more than or equal to the thickness of the flitch;
During carrying out second of cutting processing, first cylinder axis is stretched out into first cylinder body, and by described the Two cylinder axis stretch out second cylinder body, so that the presser feet pad compresses the flitch and the wiring board simultaneously, and described It can be relatively moved between presser feet cup and the sealing cover.
4. not having to the wiring board cutting processing technology of pin nail on the table as claimed in claim 2 or claim 3, feature exists In the sealing cover or the presser feet cup are equipped with the tracheae blown inwards for external device (ED) and the gas communicated with the tracheae Slot, the end of the presser feet cup and the matching ends of the sealing cover;
During carrying out second of cutting processing, Xiang Suoshu tracheal gas insufflation generates pressure air blowing after entering the air drain, To increase the presser feet pad to the pressure of the wiring board, and in the end of the end of the sealing cover and the presser feet cup it Between formed one layer of air film to reduce the frictional force between the sealing cover and the presser feet cup.
5. the wiring board cutting processing technology as claimed in claim 4 for not having to pin nail on the table, which is characterized in that institute It states sealing cover and the presser feet cup cooperatively forms accommodating space, the sealing cover is equipped with first through hole, the bottom of the presser feet pad Portion is equipped with the second through-hole, and the cutting gong knife being mounted on the main shaft sequentially passes through the first through hole and second through-hole pair The position of interrupting carries out cutting processing, is provided on the side wall of the presser feet cup or the presser feet pad and is connected with the accommodating space Logical dust suction pipe fitting, in first time cutting processing and second of cutting process, by external dust exhaust apparatus to described Dust suction pipe fitting carries out air-breathing and detaches the accommodating space with the clast for generating flitch described in cutting.
6. the wiring board cutting processing technology as claimed in claim 5 for not having to pin nail on the table, which is characterized in that In first time cutting processing and second of cutting process, the numerical control gong machine is with the position of first positioning pin column Work zero point is arranged the movement routine of the main shaft.
7. a kind of numerical control gong machine, at least one wiring board of cutting on flitch, which is characterized in that the numerical control gong machine includes Controller, backboard, main shaft and foot device, the numerical control gong machine further include the workbench for being fixed with flitch, and the main shaft is fixed In on the backboard, it is mobile that the controller controls the backboard, wherein the foot device includes sealing cover, presser feet cup, pressure Foot pad, the first cylinder and the second cylinder, first cylinder are electrically connected with the controller with second cylinder, and described Second cylinder body of two cylinders is fixedly connected on the backboard, and the second cylinder axis and the sealing cover of second cylinder connect Connect, the first cylinder body of first cylinder is fixedly connected with the sealing cover, the first cylinder axis of first cylinder with it is described The connection of presser feet cup, the presser feet cup are equipped with prop hole, and first cylinder axis passes through the prop hole, and the aperture of the prop hole is greater than The diameter of axle of first cylinder axis, gas folder is provided on the workbench, and gas folder includes the first positioning pin column and the second positioning Pin, first positioning pin column are fixed pin, and second positioning pin column can be moved relative to first positioning pin column It moves so that the flitch to be fixedly clamped, and the edge part of the flitch corresponds to first positioning pin column and second positioning Pin offers the first dowel hole and the second dowel hole.
8. numerical control gong machine as claimed in claim 7, which is characterized in that the sealing cover and the presser feet cup cooperatively form accommodating Space, the sealing cover are equipped with first through hole, and the bottom of the presser feet pad is equipped with the second through-hole, is mounted on the main shaft Cutting gong knife sequentially passes through the first through hole and second through-hole, is arranged on the side wall of the presser feet cup or the presser feet pad There is the dust suction pipe fitting being connected with the accommodating space.
9. numerical control gong machine as claimed in claim 8, which is characterized in that the sealing cover or the presser feet cup are equipped with for outside The tracheae that device is blown inwards and the air drain communicated with the tracheae, the end of the presser feet cup and the end of the sealing cover Match, be provided with sealing strip in the air drain, the sealing strip towards presser feet cup end or towards the sealing cover The multiple stomatas communicated with the air drain are provided on the side wall of end.
CN201710019052.7A 2017-01-11 2017-01-11 Without the wiring board cutting processing technology of the nail of pin on the table, numerical control gong machine Active CN106825763B (en)

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CN109397370A (en) * 2017-08-15 2019-03-01 惠州中京电子科技有限公司 Splice screen board cutting method
CN109561584A (en) * 2017-09-27 2019-04-02 维嘉数控科技(苏州)有限公司 A kind of processing method of PCB circuit board tooling and PCB circuit board
CN111660479A (en) * 2020-06-09 2020-09-15 杭州稠璇科技有限公司 Trimming and stripping equipment for automobile foot mat production

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