CN106665418B - Breeding method for increasing grass carp yield - Google Patents

Breeding method for increasing grass carp yield Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN106665418B
CN106665418B CN201611056779.4A CN201611056779A CN106665418B CN 106665418 B CN106665418 B CN 106665418B CN 201611056779 A CN201611056779 A CN 201611056779A CN 106665418 B CN106665418 B CN 106665418B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
parts
water
water quality
prepared
fish
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN201611056779.4A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN106665418A (en
Inventor
王宏祥
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Quanjiao Minzu Aquaculture Specialized Cooperatives
Original Assignee
Quanjiao Minzu Aquaculture Specialized Cooperatives
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Quanjiao Minzu Aquaculture Specialized Cooperatives filed Critical Quanjiao Minzu Aquaculture Specialized Cooperatives
Priority to CN201611056779.4A priority Critical patent/CN106665418B/en
Publication of CN106665418A publication Critical patent/CN106665418A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN106665418B publication Critical patent/CN106665418B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • Y02A40/818Alternative feeds for fish, e.g. in aquacultures

Abstract

The invention discloses a feeding method for improving the yield of grass carps, which comprises the following steps: (1) feeding granulated feed accounting for 2-3% of the total weight of the fish at 3 pm every day; (2) adding water quality improving solution into water every seven days at an amount of 0.6-0.8g/m3. By adopting the method, the growth speed of the grass carps can be effectively improved, the grass carps of 1 year can reach 80-100g, the grass carps of 2 years can reach 1000g, and the grass carps of 3 years can reach 4.0-5.0kg, the immunity of the grass carps can be improved, and the death rate of the grass carps in the culture process can be reduced.

Description

Breeding method for increasing grass carp yield
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the field of grass carp breeding, and particularly relates to a breeding method for improving the yield of grass carps.
Background
Grass carp is a typical herbivorous fish, and adult fish in a natural state mainly eats water grass. The favorite food is herba Swertiae Dilutae, hydrilla verticillata, herba Spirodelae, etc. Feeding various favorite aquatic weeds, terrestrial grass and various concentrated feeds under the condition of artificial feeding. Young fishes in the early stage of fry breeding eat small protozoa, and large zooplankton such as cladocera and the like is changed to eat duckweed and tender water and land grass in the summer flower stage. The artificial concentrated feed is favored in each growth stage. Grass carp belongs to large economic fish with fast growth. The growth is fastest at 2-3 years. Under the pond culture condition, the population growth speed is 50-60 g for 1 year old fish, 2-750 g for 2 years old and 2-3 kg for 3 years old, so the culture period of the grass carp is 2.5-3 years. However, the aquaculture industry is concerned about high return and high yield, so that how to continuously improve the yield of the grass carps is always a hot point of research in the aquaculture industry.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a feeding method for improving the yield of grass carps.
The invention is realized by the following technical scheme.
A feeding method for improving the yield of grass carps comprises the following steps:
(1) feeding the fish with pellet feed accounting for 2-3% of the total weight of the fish at 3 pm every day, wherein the pellet feed is prepared from the following components in parts by weight: 40-60 parts of carrot powder, 50-70 parts of fish meal, 8-10 parts of egg yolk powder, 18-20 parts of lily, 24-26 parts of melastoma dodecandrum fruit, 15-19 parts of morchella esculenta, 17-20 parts of fructus rosae rugosae, 22-26 parts of common claw fern herb, 19-23 parts of Japanese chikusetaria herb and 3-5 parts of rapeseed oil;
(2) adding water quality improving solution into water every seven days at an amount of 0.6-0.8g/m3Wherein the water quality improving liquid is prepared from the following components in parts by weight: 49-51 parts of pyroligneous, 20-30 parts of bamboo leaves, 22-24 parts of orange eggplant, 15-18 parts of oak bark, 12-15 parts of Chinese gall and 110 parts of water.
Specifically, the pellet feed in the step (1) is prepared by the following method: putting lily, melastoma dodecandrum lour fruit, morchella esculenta, red nux vomica, salicornia europaea and rhizoma smilacis glabrae into a pot, stir-frying for 15-20min with medium fire, taking out, crushing to 220 meshes, adding carrot powder, fish meal, yolk powder and rapeseed oil, mixing and stirring uniformly, and preparing the pellet feed through a granulator, wherein the particle size of the pellet feed is 40-60 meshes.
Specifically, the water quality improving solution in the step (2) is prepared by the following method: decocting folium Bambusae, fructus Litseae, cortex Querci Acutissimae, and herba Lamii Amplexicaulis in water with middle fire for 2-3 hr, filtering to obtain filtrate, cooling to room temperature, adding wood vinegar, mixing, and stirring to obtain water quality improving solution.
According to the technical scheme, the beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:
by adopting the method, the growth speed of the grass carps can be effectively improved, the grass carps of 1 year can reach 80-100g, the grass carps of 2 years can reach 1000g, and the grass carps of 3 years can reach 4.0-5.0kg, the immunity of the grass carps can be improved, and the death rate of the grass carps in the culture process can be reduced. Wherein, the granulated feed is fed at 3 pm every day, so that the nutrition can be supplemented for the grass carp, and the growth speed of the grass carp is improved; the effective components in the lily and melastoma dodecandrum lour fruit in the pellet feed are synergistic, so that mycotoxin in the feed can be effectively removed, the safety of the feed is improved, and the quality guarantee period of the feed is prolonged; the synergistic effect of the morchella and the effective components in the red clover can improve the digestion capability of the grass carp, increase the feed intake of the grass carp, improve the conversion capability of the grass carp to nutrient substances and reduce the feed conversion ratio; the effective components in the Chinese wild rye grass and the Japanese mustard herb act synergistically, so that the immunity of the grass carp can be improved, and the death rate of the grass carp in the growth process can be reduced; the wood vinegar is added into the water quality improving solution, and the effective components in the rest bamboo leaves have synergistic effect, so that various parasites in water can be effectively killed, the morbidity of the grass carp is reduced, and the growth performance of the grass carp is not influenced; the effective components in the litsea cubeba, the oak bark and the Chinese gall grass and the related components in the wood vinegar act synergistically, so that the planktonic biomass in the water body can be increased, the activity of the water body can be further improved, the dissolved oxygen can be increased, and the grass carp can be stimulated to grow rapidly.
Detailed Description
The present invention is described in detail below with reference to specific examples, but the use and purpose of these exemplary embodiments are merely to exemplify the present invention, and do not set forth any limitation on the actual scope of the present invention in any form, and the scope of the present invention is not limited thereto.
Example 1
A feeding method for improving the yield of grass carps comprises the following steps:
(1) feeding the fish with pellet feed accounting for 2 percent of the total weight of the fish at 3 pm every day, wherein the pellet feed is prepared from the following components in parts by weight: 40 parts of carrot powder, 50 parts of fish meal, 8 parts of yolk powder, 18 parts of lily, 24 parts of melastoma dodecandrum fruit, 15 parts of morchella esculenta, 17 parts of red nux vomica, 22 parts of common claw herb, 19 parts of Japanese chikuseti and 3 parts of rapeseed oil;
(2) adding water quality improving solution into water every seven days at an amount of 0.6g/m3Wherein the water quality improving liquid is prepared from the following components in parts by weight: 49 parts of pyroligneous, 20 parts of bamboo leaves, 22 parts of orange eggplant, 15 parts of oak bark, 12 parts of Chinese gall bladder herb and 100 parts of water.
Specifically, the pellet feed in the step (1) is prepared by the following method: putting lily, melastoma dodecandrum lour fruit, morchella esculenta, red nux vomica, salicornia europaea and rhizoma smilacis glabrae into a pot, stir-frying for 15min with medium fire, taking out, crushing into 200 meshes, adding carrot powder, fish meal, egg yolk powder and rapeseed oil, mixing and stirring uniformly, and preparing the granulated feed by a granulator, wherein the granularity of the granulated feed is 40 meshes.
Specifically, the water quality improving solution in the step (2) is prepared by the following method: decocting folium Bambusae, fructus Litseae, cortex Querci Acutissimae, and herba Lamii Amplexicaulis in water with middle fire for 2 hr, filtering to obtain filtrate, cooling to room temperature, adding wood vinegar, mixing, and stirring to obtain water quality improving solution.
Example 2
A feeding method for improving the yield of grass carps comprises the following steps:
(1) feeding the fish with pellet feed accounting for 3 percent of the total weight of the fish at 3 pm every day, wherein the pellet feed is prepared from the following components in parts by weight: 50 parts of carrot powder, 60 parts of fish meal, 9 parts of yolk powder, 19 parts of lily, 25 parts of melastoma dodecandrum fruit, 17 parts of morchella esculenta, 18 parts of red nux vomica, 24 parts of common claw fern herb, 21 parts of Japanese chikuseti and 4 parts of rapeseed oil;
(2) adding water quality improving solution into water every seven days at an amount of 0.7g/m3Wherein the water quality improving liquid is prepared from the following components in parts by weight: 50 parts of pyroligneous, 25 parts of bamboo leaves, 23 parts of orange eggplant, 17 parts of oak bark, 13 parts of Chinese gall bladder herb and 105 parts of water.
Specifically, the pellet feed in the step (1) is prepared by the following method: putting lily, melastoma dodecandrum lour fruit, morchella esculenta, red nux vomica, salicornia europaea and rhizoma smilacis glabrae into a pot, stir-frying for 17min with medium fire, taking out, crushing into 210 meshes, adding carrot powder, fish meal, egg yolk powder and rapeseed oil, mixing and stirring uniformly, and preparing the granulated feed through a granulator, wherein the granularity of the granulated feed is 50 meshes.
Specifically, the water quality improving solution in the step (2) is prepared by the following method: decocting folium Bambusae, fructus Litseae, cortex Querci Acutissimae, and herba Lamii Amplexicaulis in water with middle fire for 2.5 hr, filtering to obtain filtrate, cooling to room temperature, adding wood vinegar, mixing, and stirring to obtain water quality improving solution.
Example 3
A feeding method for improving the yield of grass carps comprises the following steps:
(1) feeding the fish with pellet feed accounting for 3 percent of the total weight of the fish at 3 pm every day, wherein the pellet feed is prepared from the following components in parts by weight: 60 parts of carrot powder, 70 parts of fish meal, 10 parts of yolk powder, 20 parts of lily, 26 parts of melastoma dodecandrum fruit, 19 parts of morchella esculenta, 20 parts of red nux vomica, 26 parts of common claw fern herb, 23 parts of Japanese chikuseti and 5 parts of rapeseed oil;
(2) adding water quality improving solution into water every seven days at an amount of 0.8g/m3Wherein the water quality improving liquid is prepared from the following components in parts by weight: 51 parts of pyroligneous, 30 parts of bamboo leaves, 24 parts of orange eggplant, 18 parts of oak bark, 15 parts of Chinese gall bladder herb and 110 parts of water.
Specifically, the pellet feed in the step (1) is prepared by the following method: putting lily, melastoma dodecandrum lour fruit, morchella esculenta, red nux vomica, salicornia europaea and rhizoma smilacis glabrae into a pot, stir-frying for 20min with medium fire, taking out, crushing into 220 meshes, adding carrot powder, fish meal, egg yolk powder and rapeseed oil, mixing and stirring uniformly, and preparing the granulated feed by a granulator, wherein the granularity of the granulated feed is 60 meshes.
Specifically, the water quality improving solution in the step (2) is prepared by the following method: decocting folium Bambusae, fructus Litseae, cortex Querci Acutissimae, and herba Lamii Amplexicaulis in water with middle fire for 3 hr, filtering to obtain filtrate, cooling to room temperature, adding wood vinegar, mixing, and stirring to obtain water quality improving solution.
And (3) testing:
four adjacent fishponds are selected in an aquaculture farm in Anqing, the water quality conditions of the fishponds are the same, the same variety of grass carps with the same quantity are respectively raised in the four fishponds, the growth conditions of grass carp fries are completely the same, the fishponds 1, 2 and 3 are respectively raised by adopting the methods of the embodiments 1, 2 and 3, the fishpond 4 is raised by adopting a conventional raising method, except the conditions described in the embodiments, the rest raising management methods of the four fishponds are completely the same, the test time is 3 years, and the growth conditions of the grass carps in the four fishponds are shown in Table 1:
TABLE 1 Effect verification of a method for increasing grass carp yield
Item Average weight of 1-year-old grass carps per gram Average weight of grass carp of 2 years old/g Average weight of grass carp of 3 years old per kg Grass carp survival rate/%)
Fish pond 1 98 1010 4.3 95
Fishpond 2 95 1005 4.0 98
Fish pond 3 102 1019 4.4 96
Fish pond 4 61 760 3.2 87
As can be seen from Table 1, the method for increasing the yield of the grass carps, provided by the invention, can effectively increase the growth speed of the grass carps, can also increase the survival rate of the grass carps, and greatly improves the economic benefit of farmers.

Claims (1)

1. A raising method for improving the yield of grass carps is characterized by comprising the following steps: (1) feeding the fish with pellet feed accounting for 2-3% of the total weight of the fish at 3 pm every day, wherein the pellet feed is prepared from the following components in parts by weight: 40-60 parts of carrot powder, 50-70 parts of fish meal, 8-10 parts of egg yolk powder, 18-20 parts of lily, 24-26 parts of melastoma dodecandrum fruit, 15-19 parts of morchella esculenta, 17-20 parts of fructus rosae rugosae, 22-26 parts of common sowthistle herb, 19-23 parts of Japanese bunchy vegetable and 3-5 parts of rapeseed oil, wherein the pellet feed is prepared by the following method: putting lily, melastoma dodecandrum lour fruit, morchella esculenta, red nux vomica, salicornia europaea and rhizoma smilacis glabrae into a pot, stir-frying for 15-20min with medium fire, taking out, crushing to 220 meshes, adding carrot powder, fish meal, yolk powder and rapeseed oil, mixing and stirring uniformly, and preparing a granulated feed by a granulator, wherein the granularity of the granulated feed is 40-60 meshes; (2) adding water quality improving solution into water every seven days at an amount of 0.6-0.8g/m3Wherein the water quality improving liquid is prepared from the following components in parts by weight: 49-51 parts of wood vinegar, 20-30 parts of bamboo leaves, 22-24 parts of litsea cubeba, 15-18 parts of oak bark, 12-15 parts of Chinese gall and 110 parts of water, and the water quality improving solution is prepared by the following method: decocting folium Bambusae, fructus Litseae, cortex Querci Acutissimae, and herba Lamii Amplexicaulis in water with middle fire for 2-3 hr, filtering to obtain filtrate, cooling to room temperature, adding wood vinegar, mixing, and stirring to obtain water quality improving solution.
CN201611056779.4A 2016-11-26 2016-11-26 Breeding method for increasing grass carp yield Active CN106665418B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201611056779.4A CN106665418B (en) 2016-11-26 2016-11-26 Breeding method for increasing grass carp yield

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201611056779.4A CN106665418B (en) 2016-11-26 2016-11-26 Breeding method for increasing grass carp yield

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN106665418A CN106665418A (en) 2017-05-17
CN106665418B true CN106665418B (en) 2020-09-11

Family

ID=58866568

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201611056779.4A Active CN106665418B (en) 2016-11-26 2016-11-26 Breeding method for increasing grass carp yield

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN106665418B (en)

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108308395A (en) * 2018-02-12 2018-07-24 平南县亿翔环保能源有限公司 A kind of wood vinegar feed addictive for Rofe fish culture

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104521833A (en) * 2014-12-24 2015-04-22 徐泽润 Efficient culturing method for grass carp
CN104705501A (en) * 2013-12-14 2015-06-17 明光市永言水产食品有限公司 Grass carp feed formulation
CN105230540A (en) * 2015-10-29 2016-01-13 苏州市美人半岛齐力生态农产品专业合作社 High-yield culture method for grass carps
CN105494179A (en) * 2015-11-24 2016-04-20 张均强 Grass carp breeding method
CN105495040A (en) * 2015-12-15 2016-04-20 苏州市阳澄农业科技有限公司 Aquatic plant fish granulated feed and preparation method thereof
CN105918170A (en) * 2016-04-27 2016-09-07 纪生机 Grass carp cultivation method

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104705501A (en) * 2013-12-14 2015-06-17 明光市永言水产食品有限公司 Grass carp feed formulation
CN104521833A (en) * 2014-12-24 2015-04-22 徐泽润 Efficient culturing method for grass carp
CN105230540A (en) * 2015-10-29 2016-01-13 苏州市美人半岛齐力生态农产品专业合作社 High-yield culture method for grass carps
CN105494179A (en) * 2015-11-24 2016-04-20 张均强 Grass carp breeding method
CN105495040A (en) * 2015-12-15 2016-04-20 苏州市阳澄农业科技有限公司 Aquatic plant fish granulated feed and preparation method thereof
CN105918170A (en) * 2016-04-27 2016-09-07 纪生机 Grass carp cultivation method

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN106665418A (en) 2017-05-17

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN103548765B (en) The feeding method of chicken is raised scattered in a kind of Fructus Jujubae woods
CN103734532B (en) Feed for grass carps in breeding season
CN105393951A (en) Carp breeding method
CN103598402B (en) A kind of bright and beautiful carp feed
CN106070004A (en) The cultural method of ecological goat
CN102805205A (en) Kudzu feed and production method thereof
CN103250914B (en) Special feed additive for grown-up rex rabbits at age of above 90 days
CN106213054A (en) A kind of environmental-protecting type black carp feed
CN102742550A (en) Method for raising chickens with fresh pine needles
CN106665418B (en) Breeding method for increasing grass carp yield
CN104171617A (en) Grass carp fry feed capable of increasing survival rate
CN105901315A (en) Feed for promoting growth of meat duckling
CN108200884A (en) The new method that Dabie Mountain chicken genetic quality continues
CN107296175A (en) A kind of formula of big squama Barb health-care feeds
CN102246902A (en) Method for preparing muscovy duck feedstuff
CN106614136A (en) Method for ecological breeding of grass carps by using mountain spring water
CN106343246A (en) Polyculture fish feed capable of preventing gill rot and preparation method thereof
CN104187198A (en) Compound feed special for yellow mealworms and preparation method of compound feed
CN108835378A (en) A kind of agricultural fish meal used for aquiculture and preparation method thereof
CN103875945A (en) Litsea coreana meat duck feed
CN104381162A (en) Ecological folium cortex eucommiae fish culture method
CN103907789A (en) Compound feed for broiler chicken
CN104171486B (en) Polyodonspathala fry feed for improving survival rate
CN106721626A (en) A kind of fry feed
CN106719385A (en) A kind of woodland raises the cultural method of Radix phytolaccae scattered

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant