CN106585559A - Public bicycle monitoring anti-theft system based on RFID (Radio Frequency Identification Devices) - Google Patents

Public bicycle monitoring anti-theft system based on RFID (Radio Frequency Identification Devices) Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106585559A
CN106585559A CN201611092483.8A CN201611092483A CN106585559A CN 106585559 A CN106585559 A CN 106585559A CN 201611092483 A CN201611092483 A CN 201611092483A CN 106585559 A CN106585559 A CN 106585559A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
rfid
public bicycles
monitor controllers
mentioned
management platform
Prior art date
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Granted
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CN201611092483.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106585559B (en
Inventor
吴元锡
边郁
戴智远
夏曙东
韩婧
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Beijing Polytron Technologies Inc
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Beijing Polytron Technologies Inc
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Priority to CN201611092483.8A priority Critical patent/CN106585559B/en
Publication of CN106585559A publication Critical patent/CN106585559A/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60RVEHICLES, VEHICLE FITTINGS, OR VEHICLE PARTS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60R25/00Fittings or systems for preventing or indicating unauthorised use or theft of vehicles
    • B60R25/10Fittings or systems for preventing or indicating unauthorised use or theft of vehicles actuating a signalling device
    • B60R25/102Fittings or systems for preventing or indicating unauthorised use or theft of vehicles actuating a signalling device a signal being sent to a remote location, e.g. a radio signal being transmitted to a police station, a security company or the owner
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60RVEHICLES, VEHICLE FITTINGS, OR VEHICLE PARTS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60R25/00Fittings or systems for preventing or indicating unauthorised use or theft of vehicles
    • B60R25/30Detection related to theft or to other events relevant to anti-theft systems
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B62LAND VEHICLES FOR TRAVELLING OTHERWISE THAN ON RAILS
    • B62HCYCLE STANDS; SUPPORTS OR HOLDERS FOR PARKING OR STORING CYCLES; APPLIANCES PREVENTING OR INDICATING UNAUTHORIZED USE OR THEFT OF CYCLES; LOCKS INTEGRAL WITH CYCLES; DEVICES FOR LEARNING TO RIDE CYCLES
    • B62H5/00Appliances preventing or indicating unauthorised use or theft of cycles; Locks integral with cycles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60RVEHICLES, VEHICLE FITTINGS, OR VEHICLE PARTS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60R2325/00Indexing scheme relating to vehicle anti-theft devices
    • B60R2325/10Communication protocols, communication systems of vehicle anti-theft devices
    • B60R2325/105Radio frequency identification data [RFID]

Abstract

The embodiment of the invention provides a public bicycle monitoring anti-theft system based on RFID (Radio Frequency Identification Devices), which relates to the technical field of intelligent public equipment. The public bicycle monitoring anti-theft system based on the RFID comprises a public bicycle station, public bicycles and a background management platform, wherein the public bicycle station comprises an RFID monitoring controller and an area, which corresponds to a virtual fence; and the public bicycles comprise unique passive RFID labels. The RFID monitoring controller comprises a transmitting module, a comparing module and an alarm transmitting module. The background management platform comprises an alarming module. According to the public bicycle monitoring anti-theft system based on the RFID, alarm information can be transmitted at the time, when the public bicycles are stolen, by using the RFID monitoring controller to check states of the public bicycles, and the alarm information is transmitted to the social security network in time; therefore, a purpose of reducing the number of stolen bicycles is achieved.

Description

A kind of public bicycles monitoring anti-theft system based on RFID
Technical field
The present invention relates to the technical field of intelligent common equipment, more particularly to a kind of public bicycles based on RFID Monitoring anti-theft system.
Background technology
With the development in serious restriction city the problems such as the extension in city, traffic congestion, air pollution and to resident's Trip brings greatly puzzlement with life.And public bicycles system is used as the last extension of urban mass-transit system, not only greatly Facilitate the trip of resident, more meet the trend of green and health, all have very much to improving urban traffic blocking and air pollution Significant effect.
At present, city public bicycle be by carrying out unifying to tint to bicycle, to be different from home-use bicycle, Reduce stolen quantity.
Inventor has found when using such scheme, when bicycle is stolen, it is impossible to which the information for losing bicycle is timely Send to urban security management department, it is impossible to play good anti-theft function.
The content of the invention
In view of the above problems, it is proposed that the present invention is to provide a kind of the problems referred to above or to solve above-mentioned asking at least in part Topic based on RFID (Radio Frequency Identification:RF identification) public bicycles monitoring anti-theft side The device of method and the corresponding public bicycles monitoring anti-theft based on RFID.
According to one aspect of the present invention, there is provided a kind of method of the public bicycles monitoring anti-theft based on RFID, should For the public bicycles with RFID tag, it is characterised in that methods described includes:
A kind of method of the public bicycles monitoring anti-theft based on RFID, be applied to RFID tag it is public voluntarily Car, it is characterised in that said method includes:
RFID monitor controllers send at set intervals a radiofrequency signal in virtual fence it is above-mentioned public voluntarily The RFID tag of car;
Above-mentioned RFID tag wakes up after above-mentioned radiofrequency signal is received, and response signal is sent to into above-mentioned RFID monitorings Controller;Above-mentioned response signal includes the facility information of above-mentioned public bicycles;
Above-mentioned RFID monitor controllers by the facility information of the above-mentioned public bicycles in above-mentioned response signal be stored in Above-mentioned public bicycles facility information in above-mentioned RFID monitor controllers is contrasted;
If exist in the above-mentioned above-mentioned public bicycles facility information being stored in above-mentioned RFID monitor controllers not including The facility information of the above-mentioned public bicycles in above-mentioned response signal, then above-mentioned RFID monitor controllers send warning message to Back-stage management platform;
Above-mentioned back-stage management platform receives above-mentioned warning message, and above-mentioned back-stage management platform is reported to the police.
Preferably, the method for the above-mentioned public bicycles monitoring anti-theft based on RFID, it is characterised in that above-mentioned RFID tag Wake up after above-mentioned radiofrequency signal is received, and response signal is sent to after above-mentioned RFID monitor controllers, also include:
Above-mentioned RFID monitor controllers receive above-mentioned response signal;
Whether effectively above-mentioned RFID monitor controllers judge above-mentioned response signal, if above-mentioned RFID monitor controllers judge Effectively, then above-mentioned response message is sent to above-mentioned back-stage management platform to above-mentioned response signal by above-mentioned RFID monitor controllers.
Preferably, the method for the above-mentioned public bicycles monitoring anti-theft based on RFID, it is characterised in that using the shooting Head shoots the public bicycles website running status, and photographed data is uploaded to into the back-stage management platform;
Charged to the RFID monitor controllers and the photographic head using the solar charging panel.
A kind of public bicycles monitoring anti-theft system of RFID, including:
Public bicycles park website, public bicycles, back-stage management platform;Above-mentioned public bicycles park website to be included The region of RFID monitor controllers and correspondence virtual fence;Above-mentioned public bicycles include unique passive RFID tags;
Above-mentioned RFID monitor controllers include:
Transmitter module:A radiofrequency signal is sent at set intervals to above-mentioned virtual for above-mentioned RFID monitor controllers The RFID tag of the above-mentioned public bicycles in fence;
Contrast module:For by the facility information of the above-mentioned public bicycles in above-mentioned response signal be stored in it is above-mentioned Above-mentioned public bicycles facility information in RFID monitor controllers is contrasted;
Warning sending module:For the above-mentioned above-mentioned public bicycles equipment letter being stored in above-mentioned RFID monitor controllers When there is the facility information of the above-mentioned public bicycles being not included in above-mentioned response signal in breath, above-mentioned RFID monitor controllers Send warning message and give back-stage management platform;
Above-mentioned back-stage management platform includes:
Alarm module:For receiving above-mentioned warning message, above-mentioned back-stage management platform is reported to the police.
Preferably, the above-mentioned public bicycles monitoring anti-theft system based on RFID, it is characterised in that above-mentioned RFID monitorings control Device processed also includes:
Receiver module:Above-mentioned RFID monitor controllers receive above-mentioned response signal;
The effective judge module of signal:Whether effectively above-mentioned RFID monitor controllers judge above-mentioned response signal, if above-mentioned RFID monitor controllers judge above-mentioned response signal effectively, then above-mentioned RFID monitor controllers are sent to above-mentioned response message State back-stage management platform.
Preferably, the above-mentioned public bicycles monitoring anti-theft system based on RFID, it is characterised in that also include:
Photographic head:For shooting public bicycles website running status using photographic head, and after photographed data is uploaded to Platform management platform;
Solar charging panel:For being filled to above-mentioned RFID monitor controllers and above-mentioned photographic head using solar charging panel Electricity.
Public bicycles monitoring anti-theft system based on RFID of the invention can be in the bicycle stolen time Warning message can be sent, warning message is sent in time and is given to social security network, be thus achieved and reduce the stolen number of bicycle The purpose of amount.
Described above is only the general introduction of technical solution of the present invention, in order to better understand the technological means of the present invention, And can be practiced according to the content of description, and in order to allow the above and other objects of the present invention, feature and advantage can Become apparent, below especially exemplified by the specific embodiment of the present invention.
Description of the drawings
By the detailed description for reading hereafter preferred implementation, various other advantages and benefit is common for this area Technical staff will be clear from understanding.Accompanying drawing is only used for illustrating the purpose of preferred implementation, and is not considered as to the present invention Restriction.And in whole accompanying drawing, it is denoted by the same reference numerals identical part.In the accompanying drawings:
Fig. 1 shows the monitoring anti-theft step exemplary plot of the public bicycles according to one embodiment of the invention one;
Fig. 2 shows the monitoring anti-theft step exemplary plot of the public bicycles according to one embodiment of the invention two;
Fig. 3 shows the installation drawing of the public bicycles system according to one embodiment of the invention three;
Fig. 4 shows the installation drawing of the public bicycles system according to one embodiment of the invention four;
The step of Fig. 5 shows the embodiment of the method returned the car according to the rent of one embodiment of the invention five flow chart.
Specific embodiment
The exemplary embodiment of the disclosure is more fully described below with reference to accompanying drawings.Although showing the disclosure in accompanying drawing Exemplary embodiment, it being understood, however, that may be realized in various forms the disclosure and should not be by embodiments set forth here Limited.On the contrary, there is provided these embodiments are able to be best understood from the disclosure, and can be by the scope of the present disclosure Complete conveys to those skilled in the art.
Embodiment one
With reference to Fig. 1, a kind of public bicycles monitoring anti-theft based on RFID according to an embodiment of the invention is shown Embodiment of the method the step of flow chart, specifically may include steps of:
The embodiment of the present invention is, based on the public bicycles with RFID tag, to deposit the bicycle parking of the public bicycles Point, the RFID monitor controllers being arranged on the bicycle website, effective search coverage of RFID monitor controllers is virtually enclosed Hurdle;
The back-stage management platform communicated wirelessly with RFID monitor controllers.
Above-mentioned wireless communication mode is included:2G(2-Generation wireless telephone technology:The Secondary mobile communication technical specification), 3G (3-Generation wireless telephone technology:Third generation handss Machine communication technology specification), 4G (4-Generation wireless telephone technology:Forth generation mobile communication Technical specification), Wi-Fi (WIreless-Fidelity:Wireless Fidelity) etc. mode carry out.
S101:RFID monitor controllers send at set intervals a radiofrequency signal to described in the virtual fence The RFID tag of public bicycles.
The radiofrequency signal that above-mentioned RFID monitor controllers send has strong anti-interference ability;Above-mentioned RFID monitor controllers With the device name for representing the detector position and coding, the device name of each detector is unique, i.e. site information.
The RFID tag of above-mentioned public bicycles be passive RFID tags, the RFID tag have it is corresponding it is public voluntarily The device name of car.The device name of each public bicycles is unique.
S102:The RFID tag wakes up after the radiofrequency signal is received, and response signal is sent to described RFID monitor controllers;The response signal includes the facility information of the public bicycles.
The RFID tag receives above-mentioned radiofrequency signal, and the energy needed for its work is extracted from above-mentioned radiofrequency signal Amount, RFID monitor controllers are sent to using the facility information of public bicycles as response signal in reflection modulation mode.
S103:The RFID monitor controllers by the facility information of the public bicycles in the response signal with deposit The public bicycles facility information of the storage in the RFID monitor controllers is contrasted.
The above-mentioned public bicycles facility information being stored in RFID monitor controllers is referred to:Controller noted above is connecing Receive after above-mentioned public bicycles are rented, the back-stage management platform is by the facility information of above-mentioned public bicycles and above-mentioned RFID The binding relationship of monitor controller is cancelled, and the message that above-mentioned binding relationship is cancelled is sent to above-mentioned RFID by the back-stage management platform Monitor controller, above-mentioned RFID monitor controllers are according to the information updating that above-mentioned binding relationship is cancelled is stored in RFID Public bicycles facility information.
The public bicycles being stored in described in the RFID monitor controllers contrast in the RFID monitor controllers The result of the facility information of the public bicycles in facility information and the response signal is:
If the facility information of the public bicycles in the response signal is present being not included in described in described being stored in The public bicycles facility information in RFID monitor controllers, the RFID monitor controllers are by the public bicycles for including Facility information is sent to the back-stage management platform, and the back-stage management platform checks whether the public bicycles equipment is returned In the corresponding virtual fence of RFID monitor controllers, if so, then the public bicycles facility information is sent to above-mentioned RFID monitor controllers, above-mentioned RFID monitor controllers are stored the public bicycles facility information.
If exist in the public bicycles facility information being stored in the RFID monitor controllers not including The facility information of the public bicycles in the response signal, expression should be in the corresponding virtual fences of the RFID Public bicycles do not exist, then it represents that the public bicycles leave extremely, and the RFID monitor controllers send warning message to rear Platform management platform, into step S104.Facility information of the above-mentioned warning message comprising the abnormal public bicycles for leaving.
S104:The back-stage management platform receives the warning message, and the back-stage management platform is reported to the police.
The back-stage management platform is reported to the police, and quick warning has bicycle to lose.
Public bicycles monitoring anti-theft system based on RFID according to embodiments of the present invention can be in public bicycles quilt The time of robber can send warning message, warning message is sent in time and is given to social security network, thus achieve reduction voluntarily The purpose of the stolen quantity of car.
For embodiment of the method, in order to be briefly described, therefore it is all expressed as a series of combination of actions, but this area Technical staff should know that the embodiment of the present invention is not limited by described sequence of movement, because according to present invention enforcement Example, some steps can adopt other orders or while carry out.Secondly, those skilled in the art also should know, description Described in embodiment belong to preferred embodiment, necessary to the involved action not necessarily embodiment of the present invention.
Embodiment two
With reference to Fig. 2, a kind of public bicycles monitoring anti-theft based on RFID according to an embodiment of the invention is shown Embodiment of the method the step of flow chart, specifically may include steps of:
The embodiment of the present invention is, based on the public bicycles with RFID tag, to deposit the bicycle parking of the public bicycles Point, the RFID monitor controllers being arranged on the public bicycles website, the void of effective search coverage of RFID monitor controllers Intend fence;Monitor the photographic head of the bicycle website running status;
The back-stage management platform communicated wirelessly with RFID monitor controllers, photographic head.
Above-mentioned wireless telecommunications are included:2G(2-Generation wireless telephone technology:The second filial generation Mobile communication technical specification), 3G (3-Generation wireless telephone technology:Third generation mobile phone leads to Letter technical specification), 4G (4-Generation wireless telephone technology:Forth generation mobile communication technology Specification), Wi-Fi (WIreless-Fidelity:Wireless Fidelity) etc..
S201:RFID monitor controllers send at set intervals a radiofrequency signal to described in the virtual fence The RFID tag of public bicycles.
The radiofrequency signal that above-mentioned RFID monitor controllers send has strong anti-interference ability;Above-mentioned RFID monitor controllers With the device name for representing the detector position and coding, the device name of each detector is unique.
The RFID tag of above-mentioned public bicycles be passive RFID tags, the RFID tag have it is corresponding it is public voluntarily The device name of car.The device name of each public bicycles is unique.
S202:The RFID tag wakes up after the radiofrequency signal is received, and response signal is sent to described RFID monitor controllers;The response signal includes the facility information of the public bicycles.
The RFID tag receives above-mentioned radiofrequency signal, and the energy needed for its work is extracted from above-mentioned radiofrequency signal Amount, RFID monitor controllers are sent to using the facility information of public bicycles as response signal in reflection modulation mode.
S203:The RFID monitor controllers are received after response signal, judge that response signal is effective.
The radiofrequency signal that above-mentioned RFID monitor controllers send out is received by various passive RFID tags, all can be subject to swash Send out, frequency close RFID tag meeting reflex response signal in part needs RFID monitor controllers to be identified, and judges the response Whether signal is the signal of the RFID tag reflection of above-mentioned public bicycles;If the RFID tag of above-mentioned public bicycles is anti- The response signal penetrated, then into step S204;
If not the response signal that the RFID tag of above-mentioned public bicycles reflects, then the response signal is abandoned.
S204:The RFID monitor controllers by the facility information of the public bicycles in the response signal with deposit The public bicycles facility information of the storage in the RFID monitor controllers is contrasted.
The above-mentioned public bicycles facility information being stored in RFID monitor controllers is referred to:Controller noted above is connecing Receive after above-mentioned public bicycles are rented, the back-stage management platform is by the facility information of above-mentioned public bicycles and above-mentioned RFID The binding relationship of monitor controller is cancelled, and the message that above-mentioned binding relationship is cancelled is sent to above-mentioned RFID by the back-stage management platform Monitor controller, above-mentioned RFID monitor controllers are according to the information updating that above-mentioned binding relationship is cancelled is stored in RFID Public bicycles facility information.
The public bicycles being stored in described in the RFID monitor controllers contrast in the RFID monitor controllers The result of the facility information of the public bicycles in facility information and the response signal is:
If the facility information of the public bicycles in the response signal is present being not included in described in described being stored in The public bicycles facility information in RFID monitor controllers, the RFID monitor controllers are by the public bicycles for including Facility information is sent to the back-stage management platform, and the back-stage management platform checks whether the public bicycles equipment is returned In the corresponding virtual fence of RFID monitor controllers, if so, then the public bicycles facility information is sent to above-mentioned RFID monitor controllers, above-mentioned RFID monitor controllers are stored the public bicycles facility information.
If exist in the public bicycles facility information being stored in the RFID monitor controllers not including The facility information of the public bicycles in the response signal, expression should be in the corresponding virtual fences of the RFID Public bicycles do not exist, then it represents that the public bicycles leave extremely, and the RFID monitor controllers send warning message to rear Platform management platform, into step S205.Facility information of the above-mentioned warning message comprising the abnormal public bicycles for leaving.
S205:The back-stage management platform receives the warning message, and the back-stage management platform is reported to the police.
The back-stage management platform is reported to the police, and quick warning has bicycle to lose.
Public bicycles monitoring anti-theft system based on RFID according to embodiments of the present invention can be in public bicycles quilt The time of robber can send warning message, warning message is sent in time and is given to social security network, thus achieve reduction voluntarily The purpose of the stolen quantity of car.
Preferably, after the back-stage management platform sends warning message, and the station that the website photographic head is shot Point running status sends and extracts, and sends to background work personnel.
Preferably, in the embodiment of the present invention, the public bicycles website running status is shot using the photographic head, and Photographed data is uploaded in the way of wireless network the back-stage management platform;
Charged to the RFID monitor controllers and the photographic head using the solar charging panel.
Public bicycles based on RFID according to embodiments of the present invention be able to can send in the bicycle stolen time Warning message, sends in time warning message and is given to social security network, thus achieves the mesh for reducing the stolen quantity of bicycle 's;Meanwhile, the state of bicycle website is shot and is sent to back-stage management platform by photographic head, can find bicycle and lose Video state during mistake, contributes to staff and quickly gives the bicycle for change.
For embodiment of the method, in order to be briefly described, therefore it is all expressed as a series of combination of actions, but this area Technical staff should know that the embodiment of the present invention is not limited by described sequence of movement, because according to present invention enforcement Example, some steps can adopt other orders or while carry out.Secondly, those skilled in the art also should know, description Described in embodiment belong to preferred embodiment, necessary to the involved action not necessarily embodiment of the present invention.
Embodiment three
With reference to Fig. 3, a kind of public bicycles monitoring anti-theft based on RFID according to an embodiment of the invention is shown The structured flowchart of system, specifically can include such as lower module:
Public bicycles website 100, public bicycles 400, back-stage management platform 500;The public bicycles parking station Point includes the region of RFID monitor controllers 200 and correspondence virtual fence 300;The public bicycles 400 include unique Passive RFID tags 401;
The RFID monitor controllers 200 include:
Transmitter module 201:A radiofrequency signal is sent at set intervals to described for the RFID monitor controllers The RFID tag of the public bicycles in virtual fence.
Contrast module 202:For by the facility information of the public bicycles in the response signal be stored in institute The public bicycles facility information stated in RFID monitor controllers is contrasted.
Warning sending module 203:Set for the public bicycles being stored in the RFID monitor controllers When there is the facility information of the public bicycles being not included in the response signal in standby information, the RFID monitorings control Device processed sends warning message and gives back-stage management platform.
The back-stage management platform 500 includes:
Alarm module 501:For receiving the warning message, the back-stage management platform is reported to the police.
Public bicycles monitoring anti-theft system based on RFID according to embodiments of the present invention can be in public bicycles quilt The time of robber can send warning message, warning message is sent in time and is given to social security network, thus achieve reduction voluntarily The purpose of the stolen quantity of car.
For embodiment of the method, in order to be briefly described, therefore it is all expressed as a series of combination of actions, but this area Technical staff should know that the embodiment of the present invention is not limited by described sequence of movement, because according to present invention enforcement Example, some steps can adopt other orders or while carry out.Secondly, those skilled in the art also should know, description Described in embodiment belong to preferred embodiment, necessary to the involved action not necessarily embodiment of the present invention.
Example IV
With reference to Fig. 4, a kind of public bicycles monitoring anti-theft based on RFID according to an embodiment of the invention is shown The structured flowchart of system, specifically can include such as lower module:
Public bicycles website 100, public bicycles 400, back-stage management platform 500;The public bicycles parking station Point includes the region of RFID monitor controllers 200 and correspondence virtual fence 300;The public bicycles 400 include unique Passive RFID tags 401;
Transmitter module 201:A radiofrequency signal is sent at set intervals to described for the RFID monitor controllers The RFID tag of the public bicycles in virtual fence.
Contrast module 202:For by the facility information of the public bicycles in the response signal be stored in institute The public bicycles facility information stated in RFID monitor controllers is contrasted.
Warning sending module 203:Set for the public bicycles being stored in the RFID monitor controllers When there is the facility information of the public bicycles being not included in the response signal in standby information, the RFID monitorings control Device processed sends warning message and gives back-stage management platform.
The back-stage management platform 500 includes:
Alarm module 501:For receiving the warning message, the back-stage management platform is reported to the police.
Preferably, send radiofrequency signal in radio-frequency module 202 to wake up RFID tag 401, the reflex response of RFID tag 401 After signal, the RFID monitor controllers 200 also include:
Receiver module 204:The RFID monitor controllers 200 receive the response signal.
The effective judge module 205 of signal:Whether effectively the RFID monitor controllers 200 judge the response signal, such as Really described RFID monitor controllers 200 judge the response signal effectively, then the RFID monitor controllers 200 are by the response Information is sent to the back-stage management platform 500.
Preferably, above-mentioned public bicycles system, it is characterised in that also include:
Photographic head 102:For shooting the running status of public bicycles website 100 using photographic head, and by photographed data Reach back-stage management platform 500.
Solar charging panel 101:For giving the RFID monitor controllers 200 and the shooting using solar charging panel 102 chargings.
Public bicycles monitoring anti-theft system based on RFID according to embodiments of the present invention can be stolen in bicycle Time can send warning message, warning message is sent in time and is given to social security network, thus achieve reduction bicycle quilt The purpose of the quantity of robber;Meanwhile, the state of bicycle website is shot and is sent to back-stage management platform, Ke Yicha by photographic head Video state when bicycle is lost is found, is contributed to staff and is quickly given the bicycle for change.
For embodiment of the method, in order to be briefly described, therefore it is all expressed as a series of combination of actions, but this area Technical staff should know that the embodiment of the present invention is not limited by described sequence of movement, because according to present invention enforcement Example, some steps can adopt other orders or while carry out.Secondly, those skilled in the art also should know, description Described in embodiment belong to preferred embodiment, necessary to the involved action not necessarily embodiment of the present invention.
Embodiment five
With reference to Fig. 5, a kind of public bicycles monitoring anti-theft based on RFID according to an embodiment of the invention is shown Rent return the car embodiment of the method the step of flow chart, specifically may include steps of:
The embodiment of the present invention is, based on the public bicycles with RFID tag, to deposit the bicycle parking of the public bicycles Point, the RFID monitor controllers being arranged on the public bicycles website, the void of effective search coverage of RFID monitor controllers Intend fence;Monitor the photographic head of the bicycle website running status;
The back-stage management platform communicated wirelessly with RFID monitor controllers, photographic head.
Above-mentioned wireless telecommunications are included:2G(2-Generation wireless telephone technology:The second filial generation Mobile communication technical specification), 3G (3-Generation wireless telephone technology:Third generation mobile phone leads to Letter technical specification), 4G (4-Generation wireless telephone technology:Forth generation mobile communication technology Specification), Wi-Fi (WIreless-Fidelity:Wireless Fidelity) etc..
Wherein step S501 to S506 is flow process of hiring a car:
S501:The public bicycles to the back-stage management platform sends request of hiring a car;The request bag of hiring a car is containing described The device name and subscriber identity information of public bicycles.
The device name of described public bicycles is the unique mark for recognizing the public bicycles.
S502:The back-stage management platform records request of hiring a car described in reception, records initial time of hiring a car.
Above-mentioned back-stage management platform when request is hired a car in reception, this moment hired a car for storage by time, the i.e. subscriber identity information Begin the moment, facilitate follow-up computational costs.
S503:The back-stage management platform is according to the corresponding RFID prisons of the device name of public bicycles inquiry Survey the device name of controller.
Preferably, being monitored according to the corresponding RFID of the device name of public bicycles inquiry in above-mentioned steps The method of the device name of controller is included:
S5031:RFID monitor controllers send at set intervals a radiofrequency signal to the institute in the virtual fence State the RFID tag of public bicycles.
S5032:The RFID tag wakes up after the radiofrequency signal is received, and response signal is sent to described RFID monitor controllers;The response signal includes the facility information of the public bicycles.
S5033:The RFID monitor controllers are received after response signal, judge that response signal is effective.
S5034:The RFID monitor controllers by the facility information of the public bicycles in the response signal with The public bicycles facility information being stored in the RFID monitor controllers is contrasted.
Controller noted above receiving after above-mentioned public bicycles are rented, the back-stage management platform by it is above-mentioned it is public voluntarily The facility information of car is cancelled with the binding relationship of above-mentioned RFID monitor controllers, and the back-stage management platform takes above-mentioned binding relationship The message for disappearing is sent to above-mentioned RFID monitor controllers, the message that above-mentioned RFID monitor controllers are cancelled according to above-mentioned binding relationship Renewal is stored in the public bicycles facility information in RFID.
The public bicycles being stored in described in the RFID monitor controllers contrast in the RFID monitor controllers The result of the facility information of the public bicycles in facility information and the response signal is:
If the facility information of the public bicycles in the response signal is present being not included in described in described being stored in The public bicycles facility information in RFID monitor controllers, the RFID monitor controllers are by the public bicycles for including Facility information is sent to the back-stage management platform, and the back-stage management platform checks whether the public bicycles equipment is returned In the corresponding virtual fence of RFID monitor controllers, if so, then the public bicycles facility information is sent to above-mentioned RFID monitor controllers, above-mentioned RFID monitor controllers are stored the public bicycles facility information.
If exist in the public bicycles facility information being stored in the RFID monitor controllers not including The facility information of the public bicycles in the response signal, expression should be in the corresponding virtual fences of the RFID Public bicycles do not exist, then it represents that the public bicycles leave extremely, and the RFID monitor controllers send warning message to rear Platform management platform.
S5035:The back-stage management platform stores facility information, the RFID monitor controllers of the public bicycles Facility information and the public bicycles facility information and the RFID monitor controllers facility information corresponding relation Table.
It is corresponding that above-mentioned back-stage management platform inquires about above-mentioned public bicycles device name according to above-mentioned mapping table The device name of above-mentioned RFID monitor controllers.
S504:The back-stage management platform determines the authority of hiring a car of the public bicycles and the subscriber identity information Afterwards, the public bicycles device name is released into corresponding relation with the RFID monitor controllers device name.
The back-stage management platform in above-mentioned steps determines that the authority of hiring a car of the public bicycles is referred to:
Above-mentioned back-stage management platform determines whether above-mentioned public bicycles have the authority rented;
If the public bicycles are rented or during rental or in the rear in platform management platform without not Available record, then step of hiring a car terminates.
If during i.e. above-mentioned public bicycles are not rented, are not in renting, not having in above-mentioned back-stage management platform Disabled record;Then above-mentioned back-stage management platform determines that above-mentioned public bicycles have the authority rented;Then,
Above-mentioned back-stage management platform determines whether above-mentioned subscriber identity information has authority of hiring a car;
If above-mentioned subscriber identity information not in public bicycles system registration non-delivery cash pledge or with it is above-mentioned Public bicycles set up corresponding relation, then EP (end of program) of hiring a car.
If cash pledge is registered and paid to above-mentioned subscriber identity information and without with public bicycles system Stating public bicycles has corresponding relation, then above-mentioned back-stage management platform supervises above-mentioned public bicycles device name with above-mentioned RFID Survey controller device name and release corresponding relation;
S505:The information of license of hiring a car is returned to the public bicycles by the control service;And by public bicycles Facility information and user identity set up corresponding relation.
Above-mentioned back-stage management platform confirms that above-mentioned public bicycles and above-mentioned user identity have authority of hiring a car, then will hire a car The information of license returns to the public bicycles, and described license the inside of hiring a car is containing the information for untiing lock device.
Above-mentioned back-stage management platform sets up the mapping table of above-mentioned public bicycles and above-mentioned user identity, determines above-mentioned The use state of public bicycles can be looked into.
S506:The lock device of the public bicycles is opened.
Above-mentioned public bicycles according to hire a car License Info open lock device, user can freely use it is above-mentioned it is public voluntarily Car.
Wherein step S507 to S512 is flow process of returning the car:
S507:The lock device locking of the public bicycles.
Above-mentioned public bicycles are entered after virtual fence, above-mentioned lock device locking.
S508:The public bicycles send request of returning the car to the back-stage management platform.
Above-mentioned public bicycles confirm after lock device locking that transmission returns the car request to above-mentioned back-stage management platform.
S509:The back-stage management platform checks that the public bicycles are according to the facility information of the public bicycles It is no in the virtual fence region of the RFID monitor controllers.
Table is answered according to the relation pair of above-mentioned back-stage management platform storage, if above-mentioned public bicycles are controlled in above-mentioned RFID monitorings In the above-mentioned virtual fence region of device processed, then into step S510.
If the public bicycles in the virtual fence region of the RFID monitor controllers, do not illustrate above-mentioned Public bicycles geographic location is in invalid area, and user is by above-mentioned public bicycles position adjustment.
Preferably, public bicycles step not in the virtual fence region of the RFID monitor controllers Afterwards, also include:
S5091:The RFID monitor controllers send at set intervals a radiofrequency signal in the virtual fence The public bicycles RFID tag.
S5092:The RFID tag wakes up after the radiofrequency signal is received, and response signal is sent to described RFID monitor controllers;The response signal includes the facility information of the public bicycles.
S5093:The RFID monitor controllers by the facility information of the public bicycles in the response signal with The public bicycles facility information being stored in the RFID monitor controllers is contrasted.
The above-mentioned public bicycles facility information being stored in RFID monitor controllers is referred to:Controller noted above is connecing Receive after above-mentioned public bicycles are rented, the back-stage management platform is by the facility information of above-mentioned public bicycles and above-mentioned RFID The binding relationship of monitor controller is cancelled, and the message that above-mentioned binding relationship is cancelled is sent to above-mentioned RFID by the back-stage management platform Monitor controller, above-mentioned RFID monitor controllers are according to the information updating that above-mentioned binding relationship is cancelled is stored in RFID Public bicycles facility information.
The public bicycles being stored in described in the RFID monitor controllers contrast in the RFID monitor controllers The result of the facility information of the public bicycles in facility information and the response signal is:
If the facility information of the public bicycles in the response signal is present being not included in described in described being stored in The public bicycles facility information in RFID monitor controllers, the RFID monitor controllers are by the public bicycles for including Facility information is sent to the back-stage management platform, and the back-stage management platform checks whether the public bicycles equipment is returned In the corresponding virtual fence of RFID monitor controllers, if so, then the public bicycles facility information is sent to above-mentioned RFID monitor controllers, above-mentioned RFID monitor controllers are stored the public bicycles facility information.
If exist in the public bicycles facility information being stored in the RFID monitor controllers not including The facility information of the public bicycles in the response signal, expression should be in the corresponding virtual fences of the RFID Public bicycles do not exist, then it represents that the public bicycles leave extremely, and the RFID monitor controllers send warning message to rear Platform management platform, into step S2094.Facility information of the above-mentioned warning message comprising the abnormal public bicycles for leaving.
S5094:The back-stage management platform receives the warning message, and the back-stage management platform is reported to the police.
The back-stage management platform sends warning message, and quick warning has bicycle to lose.
Preferably, after the back-stage management platform sends warning message, and the station that the website photographic head is shot Point running status sends and extracts, and sends to background work personnel.
S510:If the public bicycles are in the virtual fence region of the RFID monitor controllers, the backstage Management platform releases the relation of the public bicycles and the subscriber identity information.
Above-mentioned subscriber identity information is at most bound with an above-mentioned public bicycles facility information, if after binding, the use Family identity information can continue to rent other public bicycles.
S511:Back-stage management platform record is hired a car finish time, and according to initial time of hiring a car, hire a car finish time And unit interval expense of hiring a car, car rental cost is calculated, and the car rental cost is returned to into the public bicycles payment module.
S512:The public bicycles payment module is paid.
Preferably, in the embodiment of the present invention, the public bicycles website running status is shot using the photographic head, and Photographed data is uploaded in the way of wireless network the back-stage management platform;
Charged to the RFID monitor controllers and the photographic head using the solar charging panel.
Public bicycles based on RFID according to embodiments of the present invention be able to can send in the bicycle stolen time Warning message, sends in time warning message and is given to social security network, thus achieves the mesh for reducing the stolen quantity of bicycle 's;Meanwhile, the state of bicycle website is shot and is sent to back-stage management platform by photographic head, can find bicycle and lose Video state during mistake, contributes to staff and quickly gives the bicycle for change.
For embodiment of the method, in order to be briefly described, therefore it is all expressed as a series of combination of actions, but this area Technical staff should know that the embodiment of the present invention is not limited by described sequence of movement, because according to present invention enforcement Example, some steps can adopt other orders or while carry out.Secondly, those skilled in the art also should know, description Described in embodiment belong to preferred embodiment, necessary to the involved action not necessarily embodiment of the present invention.
For device embodiment, due to itself and embodiment of the method basic simlarity, so description is fairly simple, it is related Part is illustrated referring to the part of embodiment of the method.
Provided herein algorithm and display be not inherently related to any certain computer, virtual system or miscellaneous equipment. Various general-purpose systems can also be used together based on teaching in this.As described above, construct required by this kind of system Structure be obvious.Additionally, the present invention is also not for any certain programmed language.It is understood that, it is possible to use it is various Programming language realizes the content of invention described herein, and the description done to language-specific above is to disclose this Bright preferred forms.
In description mentioned herein, a large amount of details are illustrated.It is to be appreciated, however, that the enforcement of the present invention Example can be put into practice in the case of without these details.In some instances, known method, structure is not been shown in detail And technology, so as not to obscure the understanding of this description.
Similarly, it will be appreciated that in order to simplify the disclosure and help understand one or more in each inventive aspect, exist Above in the description of the exemplary embodiment of the present invention, each feature of the present invention is grouped together into single enforcement sometimes In example, figure or descriptions thereof.However, the method for the disclosure should be construed to reflect following intention:I.e. required guarantor The more features of feature that the application claims ratio of shield is expressly recited in each claim.More precisely, such as following Claims reflect as, inventive aspect is all features less than single embodiment disclosed above.Therefore, Thus the claims for following specific embodiment are expressly incorporated in the specific embodiment, wherein each claim itself All as the separate embodiments of the present invention.
Those skilled in the art are appreciated that can be carried out adaptively to the module in the equipment in embodiment Change and they are arranged in one or more equipment different from the embodiment.Can be the module or list in embodiment Unit or component are combined into a module or unit or component, and can be divided in addition multiple submodule or subelement or Sub-component.In addition at least some in such feature and/or process or unit is excluded each other, can adopt any Combine to all features disclosed in this specification (including adjoint claim, summary and accompanying drawing) and so disclosed Where all processes or unit of method or equipment are combined.Unless expressly stated otherwise, this specification is (including adjoint power Profit is required, summary and accompanying drawing) disclosed in each feature can it is identical by offers, be equal to or the alternative features of similar purpose carry out generation Replace.
Although additionally, it will be appreciated by those of skill in the art that some embodiments described herein include other embodiments In included some features rather than further feature, but the combination of the feature of different embodiments means in of the invention Within the scope of and form different embodiments.For example, in the following claims, embodiment required for protection appoint One of meaning can in any combination mode using.
The present invention all parts embodiment can be realized with hardware, or with one or more processor operation Software module realize, or with combinations thereof realization.It will be understood by those of skill in the art that can use in practice Microprocessor or digital signal processor (DSP) are supervised realizing the public bicycles based on RFID according to embodiments of the present invention The some or all functions of some or all parts in control burglary-resisting system equipment.The present invention is also implemented as holding Some or all equipment or program of device (for example, computer program and computer of row method as described herein Program product).It is such realize the present invention program can store on a computer-readable medium, or can have one or The form of the multiple signals of person.Such signal can be downloaded from internet website and obtained, or be provided on carrier signal, or Person provides in any other form.
It should be noted that above-described embodiment the present invention will be described rather than limits the invention, and ability Field technique personnel can design without departing from the scope of the appended claims alternative embodiment.In the claims, Any reference markss between bracket should not be configured to limitations on claims.Word "comprising" is not excluded the presence of not Element listed in the claims or step.Word "a" or "an" before element does not exclude the presence of multiple such Element.The present invention can come real by means of the hardware for including some different elements and by means of properly programmed computer It is existing.If in the unit claim for listing equipment for drying, several in these devices can be by same hardware branch To embody.The use of word first, second, and third does not indicate that any order.These words can be explained and be run after fame Claim.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of method of the public bicycles monitoring anti-theft based on RFID, is applied to the public bicycles with RFID tag, Characterized in that, methods described includes:
RFID monitor controllers send at set intervals a radiofrequency signal to the public bicycles in virtual fence RFID tag;
The RFID tag wakes up after the radiofrequency signal is received, and response signal is sent to into the RFID Monitoring and Controlling Device;The response signal includes the facility information of the public bicycles;
The RFID monitor controllers by the facility information of the public bicycles in the response signal be stored in it is described The public bicycles facility information in RFID monitor controllers is contrasted;
If existing in the public bicycles facility information being stored in the RFID monitor controllers and being not included in institute The facility information of the public bicycles in response signal is stated, then the RFID monitor controllers send warning message to backstage Management platform;
The back-stage management platform receives the warning message, and the back-stage management platform is reported to the police.
2. method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the RFID tag is called out after the radiofrequency signal is received Wake up, and response signal is sent to after the RFID monitor controllers, also include:
The RFID monitor controllers receive the response signal;
Whether effectively the RFID monitor controllers judge the response signal, if the RFID monitor controllers judge described Effectively, then the response message is sent to the back-stage management platform to response signal by the RFID monitor controllers.
3. method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that also include:
The public bicycles website running status is shot using the photographic head, and photographed data is uploaded to into the backstage pipe Platform;
Charged to the RFID monitor controllers and the photographic head using the solar charging panel.
4. the public bicycles monitoring anti-theft system of a kind of RFID, including:
Public bicycles park website, public bicycles, back-stage management platform;The public bicycles park website including RFID The region of monitor controller and correspondence virtual fence;The public bicycles include unique passive RFID tags;
The RFID monitor controllers include:
Transmitter module:A radiofrequency signal is sent at set intervals to the virtual fence for the RFID monitor controllers The RFID tag of the interior public bicycles;
Contrast module:For the facility information of the public bicycles in the response signal to be supervised with the RFID is stored in The public bicycles facility information surveyed in controller is contrasted;
Warning sending module:For in the public bicycles facility information being stored in the RFID monitor controllers When presence is not included in the facility information of the public bicycles in the response signal, the RFID monitor controllers send Warning message gives back-stage management platform;
The back-stage management platform includes:
Alarm module:For receiving the warning message, the back-stage management platform is reported to the police.
5. public bicycles system according to claim 5, it is characterised in that the RFID monitor controllers also include:
Receiver module:The RFID monitor controllers receive the response signal;
The effective judge module of signal:Whether effectively the RFID monitor controllers judge the response signal, if the RFID Monitor controller judges the response signal effectively, then the RFID monitor controllers by the response message be sent to it is described after Platform management platform.
6. public bicycles system according to claim 5, it is characterised in that also include:
Photographic head:For shooting public bicycles website running status using photographic head, and photographed data is uploaded to into backstage pipe Platform;
Solar charging panel:For being charged to the RFID monitor controllers and the photographic head using solar charging panel.
CN201611092483.8A 2016-11-29 2016-11-29 A kind of public bicycles monitoring anti-theft system based on RFID Active CN106585559B (en)

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