CN106481676A - Hub bearing end-play matching machine - Google Patents

Hub bearing end-play matching machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106481676A
CN106481676A CN201611090279.2A CN201611090279A CN106481676A CN 106481676 A CN106481676 A CN 106481676A CN 201611090279 A CN201611090279 A CN 201611090279A CN 106481676 A CN106481676 A CN 106481676A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
defective products
trap
assembled
control system
product
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201611090279.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106481676B (en
Inventor
仇亚洲
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Jiangsu Kangsite Intelligent Equipment Co Ltd
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Jiangsu Kangsite Intelligent Equipment Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201611090279.2A priority Critical patent/CN106481676B/en
Publication of CN106481676A publication Critical patent/CN106481676A/en
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Publication of CN106481676B publication Critical patent/CN106481676B/en
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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16CSHAFTS; FLEXIBLE SHAFTS; ELEMENTS OR CRANKSHAFT MECHANISMS; ROTARY BODIES OTHER THAN GEARING ELEMENTS; BEARINGS
    • F16C43/00Assembling bearings
    • F16C43/04Assembling rolling-contact bearings
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07CPOSTAL SORTING; SORTING INDIVIDUAL ARTICLES, OR BULK MATERIAL FIT TO BE SORTED PIECE-MEAL, e.g. BY PICKING
    • B07C5/00Sorting according to a characteristic or feature of the articles or material being sorted, e.g. by control effected by devices which detect or measure such characteristic or feature; Sorting by manually actuated devices, e.g. switches
    • B07C5/02Measures preceding sorting, e.g. arranging articles in a stream orientating
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07CPOSTAL SORTING; SORTING INDIVIDUAL ARTICLES, OR BULK MATERIAL FIT TO BE SORTED PIECE-MEAL, e.g. BY PICKING
    • B07C5/00Sorting according to a characteristic or feature of the articles or material being sorted, e.g. by control effected by devices which detect or measure such characteristic or feature; Sorting by manually actuated devices, e.g. switches
    • B07C5/04Sorting according to size
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07CPOSTAL SORTING; SORTING INDIVIDUAL ARTICLES, OR BULK MATERIAL FIT TO BE SORTED PIECE-MEAL, e.g. BY PICKING
    • B07C5/00Sorting according to a characteristic or feature of the articles or material being sorted, e.g. by control effected by devices which detect or measure such characteristic or feature; Sorting by manually actuated devices, e.g. switches
    • B07C5/36Sorting apparatus characterised by the means used for distribution
    • B07C5/361Processing or control devices therefor, e.g. escort memory
    • B07C5/362Separating or distributor mechanisms

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of hub bearing end-play matching machine,Preselection mechanism can be to by inner ring to be assembled、The bearing that outer ring to be assembled and standard retainer are fitted together carries out end-play and measures and be messaging in control system,Ball storehouse is used for placing the retainer to be assembled combination of the different margins of tolerance,Fit body can be by inner ring to be assembled、Outer ring to be assembled and a set of retainer to be assembled combine the pre- set product to be formed and carry out pressurization fit,The carrying mechanism product after fit that can pressurize is transported in measuring mechanism,And by product in measuring mechanism be transported to defective products discharge station and by defective products discharge station product be transported at follow-up output station,Measuring mechanism can carry out end-play to product and measure and be messaging in control system,Defective products can be discharged defective work at station and be discharged by defective products output mechanism,The control system controls each mechanism action,The present invention improves trap rate,In the middle of not a large amount of, product are detained,Improve production efficiency and yields.

Description

Hub bearing end-play matching machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of Bearing testing assembles equipment, more particularly to a kind of hub bearing end-play matching machine.
Background technology
If bearing is being to use the inner ring axis that may result in bearing excessive with the end-play of outer ring to exist using process Notable sedimentation, causes vibration much in use, produces a large amount of noises, low to bearing accuracy during bearing rotary, easily goes out Now abrasion and fatigue, bearing capacity can be greatly affected, and when current bearing is assembled in the factory, bearing internal external circle is pre- Choosing, sorting are carried out separately, and after having selected, assembling finished product is also to be measured by another equipment, divides needed for causing Select the size of lasso many, material storehouse is big, and trap rate is low, due to being not together, when subsequent detection machine finds sorting deviation, in Between product more, cause a large amount of ultra-poor products, follow-up repair project amount is big, and good damage gold is not high.
Content of the invention
In order to overcome drawbacks described above, the invention provides a kind of hub bearing end-play matching machine, the hub bearing axle The measurement entire exercise after lasso Pre-sorting and trap can be realized to clearance matching machine, it is not necessary to the sorting of sizes, not have There are product in the middle of a large amount of to be detained, trap rate is improve, full-automatic operation, production efficiency are high, save artificial.
The present invention in order to solve the technical scheme adopted by its technical problem is:A kind of hub bearing end-play apolegamy Machine, including table top, preselection mechanism, standard retainer combination, ball storehouse, fit body, carrying mechanism, measuring mechanism, defective products row Go out mechanism, defective products collecting region and control system, the preselection mechanism, fit body and measuring mechanism order is fixed positioned in platform On face, preselection mechanism can be to being combined and being fitted together by two inner rings to be assembled, an outer ring to be assembled and standard retainer Bearing carry out end-play and measure and be messaging in control system, some ball storehouses are used for placing the guarantor to be assembled of the different margins of tolerance Frame combination is held, fit body can be treated a set of in the inner ring to be assembled of advance for process mechanism measurement, outer ring to be assembled and ball storehouse Assembling retainer combines the pre- set product to be formed carries out pressurization fit, and carrying mechanism can be by after pressurization fit on fit body Product is transported in measuring mechanism, and the defective products that the product for measuring end in measuring mechanism is transported to table top discharges station, The product that defective products can also be discharged station by carrying mechanism is transported at follow-up output station, and measuring mechanism can be to pressure cuffs After conjunction, product carries out end-play and measures and be messaging in control system, and defective products output mechanism can be discharged defective products at station Defective work is transported to defective products collecting region, the control system control preselection mechanism, fit body, carrying mechanism, measuring machine Structure and defective products output mechanism action.
As a further improvement on the present invention, the fit body includes that trap framework, trap workbench, trap drive dress Put, trap guide rod, trap polishing head and trap guide head, the trap workbench is fixedly installed on trap framework, and trap is led It is fixedly installed on trap framework to head, trap guide rod can longitudinally slide and be inserted in trap guide head, trap polishing head is solid Dingan County is located at loaded on trap lower end of the guide rod and just directly over trap workbench, and trap driving means drive trap guide rod longitudinally sliding Dynamic, control system controls trap driving means action.
As a further improvement on the present invention, feed mechanism is additionally provided with, including connecting gear, feeding block, has material sensing Device, push rod and pusher driving means, described connecting gear one end near ball storehouse, the fit of the connecting gear other end and fit body Workbench alignment linking, feeding block is fixedly installed in above the connecting gear other end, and feeding block be able to stop transmission The product of mechanism surface moves on, have material inductor be fixedly installed on feeding block, have material inductor can sense by The product of feeding block stop is simultaneously messaging in control system, and push rod can be slidingly positioned in conveyer along connecting gear width Structure dorsad fit body side, pusher driving means can driving push rod linear reciprocation slide the product of another for connecting gear one end Product are pushed on fit body workbench, and control system controls pusher driving means action.
As a further improvement on the present invention, discharging opening is equipped with each ball storehouse described, discharge outlet is provided with can be certainly The dynamic cover plate that opens and close, control system control the cover plate in each ball storehouse to open and close.
As a further improvement on the present invention, the preselection mechanism is identical with measuring mechanism structure, all include workbench, on Support, lower carriage, longitudinal lifting drive, outer ring locating ring, upper inner ring platen, lower inner ring platen, upper pressurized cylinder structure, Lower pressurized cylinder structure, first and second magnetic valve and measuring pen, form the bearing locating platform of annular on the workbench, upper and lower Support is fixed positioned in the upper and lower both sides of workbench respectively, and the fixing end of longitudinal lifting drive is fixed on upper bracket, longitudinal direction The tache motorice of lifting drive can drive outer ring locating ring to decline and compress the outer ring to be assembled on bearing locating platform, on Pressurized cylinder structure is fixedly connected with outer ring locating ring, and the piston-rod lower end of upper pressurized cylinder structure is fixed with upper inner ring platen and connected Connect, the first magnetic valve can control gas circuit to drive the piston rod and thereon of upper pressurized cylinder structure to upper pressurized cylinder structure supply Upper inner ring platen decline compression inner ring upper surface to be assembled, lower pressurized cylinder structure is fixed on lower carriage, lower pressurized cylinder The piston rod upper end of structure is fixedly connected with lower inner ring platen, and the second magnetic valve can control gas circuit to supply to lower pressurized cylinder structure Gas drive moves the piston rod of lower pressurized cylinder structure and lower inner ring platen thereon rises compression inner ring lower surface to be assembled, measuring pen To the continuous value of the piston rod upper surface of upper pressurized cylinder structure height and control system can be messaging in, control system control is vertical To lifting drive, first and second magnetic valve and measuring pen action.
As a further improvement on the present invention, preselection mechanism and measuring mechanism also include rotating driving device and lower rotation Driving means, upper rotating driving device can drive the piston rod of pressurized cylinder structure to rotate, and lower rotating driving device can Drive the piston rod rotation of lower pressurized cylinder structure, the upper rotating driving device of control system control and lower rotating driving device dynamic Make.
As a further improvement on the present invention, preselection mechanism and measuring mechanism also include an automatic alignment device, including solid Due to the sleeve pipe on lower carriage, can rotate be inserted in sleeve pipe to positive axis, be sheathed on to the elastomer on positive axis and can Rotate and be inserted in the ejector pin in positive axis upper end, the ejector pin upper end is tight against the piston-rod lower end face of lower pressurized cylinder structure, right Positive axis is in upper end external diameter more than the T-shaped structure of lower end external diameter, elastomer two ends step surface respectively tight against the T-shaped structure and sleeve pipe Lower end inside wall.
As a further improvement on the present invention, the upper bracket is provided with a safety stop, and longitudinal direction lifting drives dress The tache motorice uper side surface backstop that puts is in the safety stop downside surface.
As a further improvement on the present invention, the carrying mechanism includes fork material driving means, cross sliding driving device and material Fork, the cross sliding driving device are fixed on table top, and cross sliding driving device can drive material fork driving means edge in the horizontal plane Table top bearing of trend moves along a straight line, and pitches material driving means and can drive material fork in the horizontal plane along vertical perpendicular to table top bearing of trend Straight direction linear motion, on material fork along table top bearing of trend interval setting two and bearing periphery surface matching fork material Pawl.
As a further improvement on the present invention, the defective products output mechanism includes defective products passing away, defective products row Go out base, defective products and discharge lifting drive, pushing block and the horizontal pusher driving means of defective products, the defective products passing away It is fixedly installed in below the follow-up output station of table top, the follow-up output station of table top forms hollow-out parts, and defective products discharges bottom Seat longitudinal direction can be lifted immediately below the follow-up output station of table top, and defective products is discharged base and moves upwards and be able to stretch into In the follow-up output station of table top and concordant with its uper side surface, defective products is discharged base and moves downward and be able to be arranged with defective products Go out passage end alignment linking, defective products is discharged lifting drive and drives defective products that base lifting is discharged, and pushing block can be along not Non-defective unit passing away bearing of trend is slidingly positioned on the downside of table top, and the horizontal pusher driving means of defective products can drive the pushing block will not The product that non-defective unit is discharged on base is pushed on the uper side surface of defective products passing away one end, and control system control defective products is discharged and risen Drop driving means and the horizontal pusher driving means action of defective products.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows:Lasso Pre-sorting is placed on same equipment certainly by the present invention with the measurement after trap Move and complete, as the sorting of sizes is not needed, sorting material storehouse is avoided the need for, Pre-sorting, can be timely together with detection It was found that dimensional discrepancy, not a large amount of middle product delays, while improve trap rate, reduce the amount of reprocessing, while which enters to bearing The full-automatic trap of row and detection, it is not necessary to artificial trap, save in a large number manually, effectively increase production efficiency and yields, Reduce production cost.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the stereogram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural principle stereogram of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the preselection mechanism stereogram of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the preselection mechanism front view of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is for A-A in Fig. 4 to sectional view;
Fig. 6 is feed mechanism stereogram of the present invention;
Fig. 7 is feed mechanism top view of the present invention;
Fig. 8 is trap mechanism of the present invention front view;
Fig. 9 is the measuring mechanism front view of the present invention;
Figure 10 is B-B direction sectional view in Fig. 9;
Figure 11 is the carrying mechanism stereogram of the present invention;
Figure 12 is the carrying mechanism front view of the present invention;
Figure 13 is the carrying mechanism top view of the present invention;
Figure 14 is the defective products output mechanism stereogram of the present invention;
Figure 15 is the defective products output mechanism front view of the present invention;
Figure 16 is for C-C in Figure 15 to sectional view;
Figure 17 is the defective products output mechanism top view of the present invention.
Specific embodiment
Embodiment:A kind of hub bearing end-play matching machine, combine including table top 1, preselection mechanism 2, standard retainer, Ball storehouse 3, fit body 4, carrying mechanism 5, measuring mechanism 6, defective products output mechanism 7, defective products collecting region and control system, institute State preselection mechanism 2, fit body 4 and 6 order of measuring mechanism to be fixed positioned on table top 1, preselection mechanism 2 can be to being treated by two The bearing that assembling inner ring, an outer ring to be assembled and standard retainer are fitted together carries out end-play and measures and pass letter In control system, some ball storehouses 3 are used for placing the retainer to be assembled combination of the different margins of tolerance, fit body 4 can by through Cross a set of retainer to be assembled in inner ring to be assembled, outer ring to be assembled and the ball storehouse 3 of advance mechanism's measurement and combine to be formed pre- group Product carries out pressurization fit, and carrying mechanism 5 can be transported to the product after pressurization fit on fit body 4 in measuring mechanism 6, And the product for terminating measurement in measuring mechanism 6 is transported to the defective products discharge station of table top 1, carrying mechanism 5 can also be by not Non-defective unit is discharged the product of station and is transported at follow-up output station, and measuring mechanism 6 can carry out axial direction to product after the fit that pressurizes Clearance measures and is messaging in control system, and defective products can be discharged defective work at station and is transported to by defective products output mechanism 7 Defective products collecting region, the control system control preselection mechanism 2, fit body 4, carrying mechanism 5, measuring mechanism 6 and defective products 7 action of output mechanism.
The equipment is used for selecting suitable hub bearing inner ring, outer ring and retainer component to be assembled and carried out positive clearance Grouping system certified products, the total motion flow of equipment are as follows:
Step one:Manually take two inner rings and an outer ring, load standard retainer component (using the margin of tolerance for ± The special retainer of 0 standard steel ball and standard is assembled, and its Plays specialized separator is to remove tooth opening retainer, Easy to disassemble), it is put into preselection mechanism 2 and measures the positive clearance of the product and is sorted;
Step 2:After preselection mechanism 2 is sorted, two sets are taken out according to separation results workman from specified 3 ball case of ball storehouse and treat The retainer component of assembling replaces standard retainer component;
Step 3:The to be assembled inside and outside circle for fitting together is sent to trap station with retainer component to be assembled;
Step 4:Trap mechanism to be fitted together to be assembled inside and outside circle and retainer component to be assembled pressurize trap;
Step 5:Bearing after trap, is transported to measurement station by carrying mechanism 5;
Step 6:Measuring mechanism 6 carries out end-play measurement to bearing, and after end-play measurement, carrying mechanism 5 is by bearing It is transported to defective products and discharges station;
Step 7:If end-play measurement judges that the bearing of measurement is defective products, the meeting action of defective products output mechanism 7, The bearing that defective products is discharged on station is discharged;If end-play measurement judges that the bearing of measurement is certified products, defective products is arranged Going out mechanism 7 will not action;
Step 8:Certified products are discharged station from conveyance defective products and are transported to follow-up output station by carrying mechanism 5, after carrying out Continuous flow operations.
The equipment is placed on the measurement after lasso Pre-sorting and trap on same equipment and completes, due to not needing multiple chis Very little sorting, avoids the need for sorting material storehouse, and Pre-sorting can find dimensional discrepancy together with detection in time, in not having in a large number Between product be detained, while improve trap rate, reduce the amount of reprocessing, while the mechanism carries out trap automatically, it is not necessary to artificial trap, Reduce manually, production cost is reduced, improves trap yields.
The fit body 4 include trap framework 41, trap workbench 2142, trap driving means 43, trap guide rod 44, Trap polishing head 45 and trap guide head 46, the trap workbench 2142 are fixedly installed on trap framework 41, and trap is oriented to 46 are fixedly installed on trap framework 41, and 44 longitudinal direction of trap guide rod can be slided and is inserted in trap guide head 46, and trap adds Pressure head 45 is fixedly installed in 44 lower end of trap guide rod and is just located at directly over trap workbench 2142, and trap driving means 43 drive 44 longitudinal sliding motion of trap guide rod, 43 action of control system control trap driving means.
Trap mechanism motion flow is as follows:
Step one:Bearing enters trap station, is placed on trap workbench 2142;
Step 2:Trap driving means 43 (most preferably cylinder, or motor powered leading screw and nut mechanism etc.) are promoted Trap guide rod 44 and trap polishing head 45 are pressurizeed downwards;
Step 3:Trap polishing head 45 is pressed into two inner rings of bearing in outer ring, completes trap action;
Step 4:Trap driving means 43 pull trap guide rod 44 and trap polishing head 45 to be lifted up, and return to original position;
Step 5:Carrying mechanism 5 will be transported to the measuring mechanism 6 of measurement station with the bearing of trap, trap station etc. Treat down that a set of bearing for treating trap is sent into.
The mechanism achieves the bearing pressurization trap to man-made assembly together, it is ensured that bearing is assembled into position, while avoiding Workman expends larger muscle power, is easy to improve production efficiency, and trap polishing head 45 is common in trap guide rod 44 and trap guide head 46 Under guide effect, stable to bearing pressing position and plus-pressure, it is ensured that bearing is assembled into position, be conducive to improving yields.
Feed mechanism 8 is additionally provided with, including connecting gear 81, feeding block 82, has material inductor 83, push rod 84 and pusher to drive Dynamic device 85,81 one end of the connecting gear near ball storehouse 3, the fit workbench of 81 other end of connecting gear and fit body 4 21 alignment linkings, feeding block 82 is fixedly installed in above 81 other end of connecting gear, and feeding block 82 be able to stop biography Send the product on 81 surface of mechanism to move on, have material inductor 83 to be fixedly installed on feeding block 82, have material 83 energy of inductor Enough sense the product for being fed the stop of block 82 and control system is messaging in, push rod 84 can be along 81 width of connecting gear Dorsad 4 side of fit body of connecting gear 81 is slidingly positioned in, pusher driving means 85 being capable of 84 linear reciprocation of driving push rod cunning Move and the product of another for connecting gear 81 one end is pushed on 4 workbench 21 of fit body, control system controls pusher driving means 85 actions, are placed in 8 end surface of feed mechanism through the bearing of man-made assembly, and bearing is delivered to the other end by connecting gear 81 It is fed block 82 to block, after having material inductor 83 to sense that bearing puts in place, 85 driving push rod 84 of pusher driving means is released, and is entered And shift bearing on the trap workbench 2142 of trap mechanism onto, feed mechanism 8 can will be delivered to automatically fit body 4 and pass through In the inner ring to be assembled of mechanism's measurement in advance, outer ring to be assembled and ball storehouse 3, a set of retainer to be assembled combines the pre- group of product to be formed Product are delivered at fit body 4, it is to avoid artificial operation, improve production efficiency, it is to avoid trap mechanism weighs work wounded when pushing Staff, improves the processing safety of whole equipment.
Discharging opening is equipped with each ball storehouse 3 described, discharge outlet is provided with the cover plate for being capable of automatically open and close, control System controls the cover plate in each ball storehouse 3 to open and close, and ball storehouse 3 is all closure in conventional sense, when preselection mechanism 2 is measured After the completion of by measurement feedback to control system, control system calculates suitable retainer component, and root according to measurement result Open according to each suitable ball storehouse 3 of default retainer component tolerances scope control of ball storehouse 3, workman is directly in the ball storehouse 3 that opens Inside take retainer component, without the need for voluntarily judging and selecting, it is ensured that the accuracy that retainer component is selected, greatly improve The yields of finished product and packaging efficiency, its cover plate can drive push-pull structure, or by motor by cylinder Drive convertible structure etc..
The preselection mechanism 2 is identical with 6 structure of measuring mechanism, all includes workbench 21, upper bracket 22, lower carriage 23, indulges To lifting drive 24, outer ring locating ring 25, upper inner ring platen 26, lower inner ring platen 27, upper pressurized cylinder structure 28, add down Calm the anger cylinder structure 29, first and second magnetic valve and measuring pen 30, the bearing locating platform of annular on the workbench 21, is formed, upper, Lower carriage 23 is fixed positioned in workbench respectively, and about 21 both sides, and the fixing end of longitudinal lifting drive 24 is fixed on upper bracket On 22, the tache motorice of longitudinal lifting drive 24 can drive outer ring locating ring 25 to decline and compress on bearing locating platform Outer ring to be assembled, upper pressurized cylinder structure 28 are fixedly connected with outer ring locating ring 25, under the piston rod of upper pressurized cylinder structure 28 End is fixedly connected with upper inner ring platen 26, the first magnetic valve gas circuit can be controlled to drive to upper pressurized cylinder structure 28 supply plus Calm the anger the piston rod of cylinder structure 28 and upper inner ring platen 26 thereon declines compression inner ring upper surface to be assembled, lower pressurized cylinder knot Structure 29 is fixed on lower carriage 23, and the piston rod upper end of lower pressurized cylinder structure 29 is fixedly connected with lower inner ring platen 27, and second Magnetic valve can control gas circuit to supply the piston rod that drives lower pressurized cylinder structure 29 and thereon to lower pressurized cylinder structure 29 Lower inner ring platen 27 rises compression inner ring lower surface to be assembled, and measuring pen 30 can be on the piston rod of upper pressurized cylinder structure 28 The continuous value of face height is simultaneously messaging in control system, the longitudinal lifting drive 24 of control system control, first and second magnetic valve With 30 action of measuring pen.
The work flow of preselection mechanism 2 and measuring mechanism 6 is as follows:
1. bearing is placed on bearing locating platform;
2. longitudinal lifting drive 24 drives outer ring locating ring 25 to decline and the outer ring of bearing to be detected is positioned simultaneously Compression, now goes up 26 lower surface of inner ring platen and 25 lower surface position consistency of outer ring locating ring;
3. the first magnetic valve is connected, and upper pressurized cylinder structure 28 supply is driven under the piston rod of upper pressurized cylinder structure 28 Drop, and then make inner ring platen 26 apply thrust to the inner ring of bearing, it is close to bearing outer ring, bearing inner race and steel ball, eliminates Upper clearance;
4. measuring pen 30 reads the piston rod upper surface height number of upper pressurized cylinder structure 28, and is stored in control system In case calculating;
5. the first magnetic valve disconnects, and the piston rod pressure of upper pressurized cylinder structure 28, upper inner ring platen 26 are returned to and axle The corresponding initial position of bearing outer-ring, the second magnetic valve are connected, and drive upper pressurized cylinder structure to lower pressurized cylinder structure 29 supply Push up on 28 piston rod, thrust is applied to bearing inner race lower end by lower inner ring platen 27, makes bearing outer ring, bearing inner race and steel Ball is close to, and eliminates lower clearance;
6. measuring pen 30 again reads off the piston rod upper surface height number of pressurized cylinder structure 28, and is stored in control System is in case calculate;
7. control system subtracts each other to obtain a difference to value during upper and lower pressurization, as positive clearance value.
The device structure is simple, applies pressure by air pressure, is calculated by upper and lower pressure twice and obtains accurately positive clearance Value, it is achieved that intelligence, at a high speed, accurate detection, save artificial, improve detection efficiency.
Preselection mechanism 2 and measuring mechanism 6 also include rotating driving device 31 and lower rotating driving device 32, and upper rotation is driven Dynamic device 31 can drive the piston rod of pressurized cylinder structure 28 to rotate, and lower rotating driving device 32 can drive lower pressurization gas The piston rod rotation of cylinder structure 29, the upper rotating driving device 31 of control system control and lower 32 action of rotating driving device, pass through Upper and lower rotating driving device 32 drives the piston rod of upper and lower pressurized cylinder structure 29 to drive upper and lower inner ring platen 27 to revolve respectively Turn, while the continuous value of measuring pen 30 average computation, are obtained in that exact numerical, reduce detection error, it is ensured that testing result Accurately.
Preselection mechanism 2 and measuring mechanism 6 also include an automatic alignment device, including the sleeve pipe being fixed on lower carriage 23 33rd, can rotate be inserted in sleeve pipe 33 to positive axis 34, be sheathed on the elastomer on positive axis 34 and can rotating be inserted in To the ejector pin 35 in 34 upper end of positive axis, 35 upper end of the ejector pin is aligned tight against the piston-rod lower end face of lower pressurized cylinder structure 29 Axle 34 is in upper end external diameter more than the T-shaped structure of lower end external diameter, elastomer two ends step surface respectively tight against the T-shaped structure and sleeve pipe 33 lower end inside walls, automatic alignment device are capable of the piston-rod lower end face of the lower pressurized cylinder structure 29 of elasticity abutting, make lower inner ring The upper surface of platen 27 is concordant with test desk, and when carrying, bearing will not be produced and be blocked, and in upper pressurization, realizes lower pressurization Piston rod shrink back after quick playback.
The upper bracket 22 is provided with a safety stop 36, the tache motorice uper side surface of longitudinal lifting drive 24 In 36 downside surface of safety stop, safety stop 36 is used for the displacement for controlling measurement mo(u)ld top half upper and lower to backstop, leads to Cross minimizing space, it is ensured that the hand of operating personnel will not be put into during Pre-sorting just in the equipment of action, it is ensured that Detection security.
The carrying mechanism 5 includes fork material driving means 51, cross sliding driving device 52 and material fork, the cross sliding driving device 52 are fixed on table top 1, and cross sliding driving device 52 can drive material fork driving means straight along 1 bearing of trend of table top in the horizontal plane Line moves, and fork material driving means 51 can drive material fork in the horizontal plane along straight perpendicular to the vertical direction of 1 bearing of trend of table top Line moves, and material fork is upper along 1 bearing of trend interval setting of table top two and the fork material pawl 53 of bearing periphery surface matching, pitches and expects Driving means 51 are advanced, and bearing to be measured is forked by fork material pawl 53, and then cross sliding driving device 52 is traversing, and a fork material pawl 53 will be closed The workpiece handling of set station is measured to measuring mechanism 6, while bearing is removed from measuring mechanism 6 by another fork material pawl 53 It is transported to defective products and station wait is discharged, then cross sliding driving device 52 is further continued for a traversing segment distance, a fork expects pawl 53 by axle Hold and defective products discharge station wait is carried to from measuring mechanism 6, while defective products is discharged station by another fork material pawl 53 Workpiece handling is easy to operation, naturally it is also possible to grip using manipulator to follow-up discharge station, 5 simple structure of carrying mechanism Mode carries bearing, or realizes the single-station conveying of bearing by multiple delivery devices, this be those skilled in the art according to The equivalent constructions that this patent is readily conceivable that.
The defective products output mechanism 7 includes that defective products passing away 71, defective products is discharged base 72, defective products and discharges liter Drop driving means 73, pushing block 74 and the horizontal pusher driving means 75 of defective products, the defective products passing away 71 are fixedly installed in Below the follow-up output station of table top 1, the follow-up output station of table top 1 forms hollow-out parts, and defective products discharges 72 longitudinal direction of base Can lift immediately below the follow-up output station of table top 1, and defective products discharge base 72 moves upwards and be able to stretch into platform In the follow-up output station in face 1 and concordant with its uper side surface, defective products discharge base 72 is moved downward be able to be with defective products The alignment linking of 71 one end of passing away, defective products are discharged lifting drive 73 and drive defective products discharge base 72 to lift, pushing block 74 can be slidingly positioned in 1 downside of table top, the horizontal pusher driving means 75 of defective products along 71 bearing of trend of defective products passing away Can drive pushing block 74 that defective products is discharged the product on base 72 to be pushed on 71 one end uper side surface of defective products passing away, control System control defective products processed discharges lifting drive 73 and horizontal 75 action of pusher driving means of defective products.
Defective products discharges program work flow process:
Step one:The bearing that has crossed after testing is transported to defective products from detection station and discharges station by carrying mechanism 5, is placed Discharge on base 72 in defective products;
Step 2:If detection judge the bearing be certified products, defective products output mechanism 7 will not action, wait carrying implement Certified products are sent equipment and are sent to subsequent work stations by structure 5;If detection judges that the bearing is defective products, defective products is discharged lifting and is driven Device 73 (most preferably cylinder, or motor drive screw screw mechanism) can drive defective products discharge base 72 drop to 71 sustained height of defective products passing away;
Step 3:Defective products is discharged not conforming on base 72 by the horizontal pusher driving means 75 (most preferably cylinder) of defective products On lattice bearing propulsion defective products passing away 71, bearing is discharged to defective products collecting region and is collected, defective products passing away 71 can be conveyer belt can also be the inclined ramp being made up of multiple cylinders;
Step 4:After the horizontal pusher driving means 75 of defective products withdraw, defective products discharges lifting drive 73 will be bad Product discharge base 72 be up-shifted to and 1 sustained height of table top, wait carrying mechanism 5 by under a set of detection after bearing carried Come.
Wherein, defective products passing away 71 arranges block 76 with the both sides of 71 flush position of defective products passing away, bad 71 both sides of product passing away can arrange rib 77, sideslip when rib can effectively prevent defective products from discharging, and have guide effect.
Buffering backstop 78 can be set in 71 end of defective products passing away, when defective products product enter defective products passing away 71 forward impact when, can both prevent impulsive force excessive, break defective products, can prevent again due to impulsive force excessive, no Non-defective unit product are gone out defective products passing away 71 and injure operating personnel by a crashing object.
71 initiating terminal of defective products passing away can also arrange the full inductor 79 of material, when in defective products passing away 71 not Non-defective unit is excessive, triggers inductor, equipment alarm, stopping action.Alert device operator processes defective products in time, searches defective products Excessive the reason for.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of hub bearing end-play matching machine, it is characterised in that:Keep including table top (1), preselection mechanism (2), standard Frame combination, ball storehouse (3), fit body (4), carrying mechanism (5), measuring mechanism (6), defective products output mechanism (7), defective products are received Ji Qu and control system, the preselection mechanism, fit body and measuring mechanism order are fixed positioned on table top, preselection mechanism energy Enough axial play is carried out to combining, by two inner rings to be assembled, an outer ring to be assembled and standard retainer, the bearing for fitting together Gap measures and is messaging in control system, and some ball storehouses are used for placing the retainer to be assembled combination of the different margins of tolerance, assembling machine In inner ring to be assembled, outer ring to be assembled and the ball storehouse that advance for process mechanism can be measured by structure, a set of retainer to be assembled combines shape The pre- set product for becoming carries out pressurization fit, and the product after pressurization fit on fit body can be transported to measuring machine by carrying mechanism In structure, and the defective products that the product for measuring end in measuring mechanism is transported to table top discharges station, and carrying mechanism can also be by Defective products is discharged the product of station and is transported at follow-up output station, and measuring mechanism can carry out axial direction to product after the fit that pressurizes Clearance measures and is messaging in control system, and defective products can be discharged defective work at station and is transported to not by defective products output mechanism Non-defective unit collecting region, the control system control preselection mechanism, fit body, carrying mechanism, measuring mechanism and defective products discharge machine Structure action.
2. hub bearing end-play matching machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The fit body includes to close Set framework (41), trap workbench (42), trap driving means (43), trap guide rod (44), trap polishing head (45) and trap Guide head (46), the trap workbench are fixedly installed on trap framework, and trap guide head is fixedly installed on trap framework, Trap guide rod can longitudinally slide and be inserted in trap guide head, and trap polishing head is fixedly installed in trap lower end of the guide rod proper position Directly over trap workbench, trap driving means drive trap guide rod longitudinal sliding motion, and control system controls trap driving means Action.
3. hub bearing end-play matching machine according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:Feed mechanism (8) is additionally provided with, Including connecting gear (81), feeding block (82), there are material inductor (83), push rod (84) and pusher driving means (85), described Near ball storehouse, the connecting gear other end is alignd with the fit workbench of fit body and is connected for connecting gear one end, and feeding block is solid Dingan County is loaded on above the connecting gear other end, and feeding block be able to stop that the product on connecting gear surface moves on, and have Material inductor is fixedly installed on feeding block, has material inductor sense the product for being fed block stop and be messaging in Control system, push rod can be slidingly positioned in connecting gear dorsad fit body side along connecting gear width, and pusher is driven Dynamic device can driving push rod linear reciprocation slide the product of another for connecting gear one end is pushed on fit body workbench, control System processed controls pusher driving means action.
4. hub bearing end-play matching machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is all provided with each ball storehouse described There is discharging opening, discharge outlet is provided with the cover plate for being capable of automatically open and close, control system controls the cover plate in each ball storehouse to open Open and close.
5. hub bearing end-play matching machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The preselection mechanism and measurement Mechanism structure is identical, all includes workbench (21), upper bracket (22), lower carriage (23), longitudinal lifting drive (24), outer ring Locating ring (25), upper inner ring platen (26), lower inner ring platen (27), upper pressurized cylinder structure (28), lower pressurized cylinder structure (29), first and second magnetic valve and measuring pen (30), form the bearing locating platform of annular on the workbench, upper and lower support divides Workbench upper and lower both sides are not fixed positioned in, the fixing end of longitudinal lifting drive is fixed on upper bracket, longitudinal direction lifting is driven The tache motorice of dynamic device can drive outer ring locating ring to decline and compress the outer ring to be assembled on bearing locating platform, upper pressurization gas Cylinder structure is fixedly connected with outer ring locating ring, and the piston-rod lower end of upper pressurized cylinder structure is fixedly connected with upper inner ring platen, the One magnetic valve can control gas circuit to drive piston rod and thereon upper of upper pressurized cylinder structure to upper pressurized cylinder structure supply Inner ring platen declines compression inner ring upper surface to be assembled, and lower pressurized cylinder structure is fixed on lower carriage, lower pressurized cylinder structure Piston rod upper end be fixedly connected with lower inner ring platen, the second magnetic valve can control gas circuit to supply gas drive to lower pressurized cylinder structure The piston rod of dynamic lower pressurized cylinder structure and lower inner ring platen thereon rise compression inner ring lower surface to be assembled, and measuring pen can To the continuous value of the piston rod upper surface of upper pressurized cylinder structure height and control system is messaging in, control system control longitudinal direction rises Drop driving means, first and second magnetic valve and measuring pen action.
6. hub bearing end-play matching machine according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:Preselection mechanism and measuring mechanism Also include rotating driving device (31) and lower rotating driving device (32), upper rotating driving device can drive pressurized cylinder The piston rod rotation of structure, lower rotating driving device can drive the piston rod of lower pressurized cylinder structure to rotate, control system control Rotating driving device and lower rotating driving device action in system.
7. hub bearing end-play matching machine according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:Preselection mechanism and measuring mechanism Also include an automatic alignment device, including be fixed on lower carriage sleeve pipe (33), can rotate and be inserted in aligning in sleeve pipe Axle (34), it is sheathed on to the elastomer on positive axis and the ejector pin (35) being inserted in in positive axis upper end, the ejector pin can be rotated T-shaped structure of the end external diameter more than lower end external diameter, bullet are presented tight against the piston-rod lower end face of lower pressurized cylinder structure in upper end to positive axis Gonosome two ends step surface respectively tight against the T-shaped structure and its lower end madial wall.
8. hub bearing end-play matching machine according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:The upper bracket is provided with one Safety stop (36), the tache motorice uper side surface backstop of longitudinal lifting drive table on the downside of the safety stop Face.
9. hub bearing end-play matching machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The carrying mechanism includes fork Material driving means (51), cross sliding driving device (52) and material fork, the cross sliding driving device are fixed on table top, and traversing driving fills Put and material fork driving means can be driven to move along a straight line along table top bearing of trend in the horizontal plane, fork material driving means can drive material Fork is set along table top bearing of trend interval on material fork in the horizontal plane along perpendicular to table top bearing of trend vertical direction linear motion Put fork material pawl (53) of two and bearing periphery surface matching.
10. hub bearing end-play matching machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The defective products discharges machine Structure includes that defective products passing away (71), defective products are discharged base (72), defective products and discharge lifting drive (73), pushing block (74) and defective products is horizontal pusher driving means (75), the defective products passing away is fixedly installed in the follow-up output work of table top Position lower section, the follow-up output station of table top form hollow-out parts, and defective products is discharged base and can longitudinally be lifted after table top Immediately below continuous output station, and defective products discharge base move upwards be able to stretch in the follow-up output station of table top and and its Uper side surface is concordant, and defective products is discharged base and moves downward to be alignd with defective products passing away one end and is connected, defective products Discharging lifting drive drives defective products to discharge base lifting, and it is fixed that pushing block can be slided along defective products passing away bearing of trend On the downside of table top, the horizontal pusher driving means of defective products can drive pushing block that defective products is discharged the product on base and be pushed into not On the uper side surface of non-defective unit passing away one end, control system control defective products discharges lifting drive and the horizontal pusher of defective products Driving means action.
CN201611090279.2A 2016-12-01 2016-12-01 Hub bearing end-play matching machine Active CN106481676B (en)

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106763240A (en) * 2016-12-15 2017-05-31 宁波慈兴轴承有限公司 Bearing axial play matching machine
CN107570923A (en) * 2017-10-30 2018-01-12 李大德 Construction(al)steel template corner block welds automatic charging device
CN108745932A (en) * 2018-05-25 2018-11-06 上海天安轴承有限公司 A kind of end-play self-operated measuring unit of micro rolling ball bearing
CN109139720A (en) * 2018-11-04 2019-01-04 江苏康斯特智能装备有限公司 Retainer ball adding device applied to hub bearing
CN109443285A (en) * 2018-12-27 2019-03-08 宁波中亿自动化装备有限公司 Bearing clearance measurement method and its equipment
CN111420891A (en) * 2020-03-13 2020-07-17 浙江屹立机器人科技有限公司 Automatic wheel hub roundness detection and distribution device

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CN105716562A (en) * 2014-12-01 2016-06-29 昆山康斯特精密机械有限公司 Device for detecting positive clearance of bearing
CN206221521U (en) * 2016-12-01 2017-06-06 江苏康斯特智能装备有限公司 Hub bearing end-play matching machine

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JPH0276647A (en) * 1988-09-13 1990-03-16 Toyota Motor Corp Bearing installing method
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CN102635639A (en) * 2012-04-16 2012-08-15 浙江五洲新春集团有限公司 Deep groove ball bearing assembly production line
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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106763240A (en) * 2016-12-15 2017-05-31 宁波慈兴轴承有限公司 Bearing axial play matching machine
CN107570923A (en) * 2017-10-30 2018-01-12 李大德 Construction(al)steel template corner block welds automatic charging device
CN108745932A (en) * 2018-05-25 2018-11-06 上海天安轴承有限公司 A kind of end-play self-operated measuring unit of micro rolling ball bearing
CN109139720A (en) * 2018-11-04 2019-01-04 江苏康斯特智能装备有限公司 Retainer ball adding device applied to hub bearing
CN109443285A (en) * 2018-12-27 2019-03-08 宁波中亿自动化装备有限公司 Bearing clearance measurement method and its equipment
CN109443285B (en) * 2018-12-27 2023-08-22 宁波中亿自动化装备有限公司 Bearing play measuring method and equipment thereof
CN111420891A (en) * 2020-03-13 2020-07-17 浙江屹立机器人科技有限公司 Automatic wheel hub roundness detection and distribution device

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