CN106416718A - Dendrocalamus latiflorus forest under interplanting tetrapanax papyriferus method - Google Patents

Dendrocalamus latiflorus forest under interplanting tetrapanax papyriferus method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106416718A
CN106416718A CN201610889914.7A CN201610889914A CN106416718A CN 106416718 A CN106416718 A CN 106416718A CN 201610889914 A CN201610889914 A CN 201610889914A CN 106416718 A CN106416718 A CN 106416718A
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China
Prior art keywords
bamboo
rice
dendrocalamus latiflorus
paper plant
stem
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CN201610889914.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
黄保成
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黄保成
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Priority to CN201610889914.7A priority Critical patent/CN106416718A/en
Publication of CN106416718A publication Critical patent/CN106416718A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for

Abstract

The invention discloses dendrocalamus latiflorus forest under interplanting tetrapanax papyriferus method, including the step of field selection, field reparation, plantation, management, pesticide prevention, collection and more, the process is brief, the application is easy, the method utilizes fully dendrocalamus latiflorus garden idle field, raises the occupation rate of soil, raises unit land product output rate, satisfies tetrapanax papyriferus scale plantation field apply requirement, settles the issues of diminishing wild tetrapanax papyriferus resource, short raw medicinal material supply, cultivates totally the dendrocalamus latiflorus forest before etrapanax papyriferus planting time, improves soil quality structure, benefits dendrocalamus latiflorus root and stem growth, absorbs nutrients, promotes dendrocalamus latiflorus forest growth and development, raises dendrocalamus latiflorus shoot production quantity.

Description

A kind of method of the sinocalamus latiflorus forest interplanting stem pith of the rice-paper plant
Technical field
The invention belongs to agricultural plantation technology field is and in particular to a kind of method of the sinocalamus latiflorus forest interplanting stem pith of the rice-paper plant.
Technical background
The stem pith of the rice-paper plant another name bandit take off, from south, live, lean on business, rice-paper plant, careless, the white stem pith of the rice-paper plant of green onion etc., be Lardizabalaceae Akebia fallen leaves wood The stem marrow of matter liana rice-paper plant, is common Chinese medicine material, and it is sweet, light, cold nature, attaches to the lung and stomach meridians, and is used as medicine with heat-clearing profit Urine, effect of the lower breast of ventilation, have reducing fever and causing diuresis, and effect of the lower breast of ventilation is usually used in treating damp-heat gonorrhoea, oedema oliguria, milk Not inferior, it is a kind of extensive, the nontoxic excellent Chinese medicine of pharmacological action, main product is in Jiangsu, Hubei, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan etc. Ground.With continually developing of the new product with the stem pith of the rice-paper plant as raw material, increasing to its demand, due to economic development needs, greatly Amount mountain region is used for planting cereal crops, leads to wild resource to be destroyed, causes raw medicinal material in short supply, therefore, the stem pith of the rice-paper plant There is boundless plantation DEVELOPMENT PROSPECT.The wild stem pith of the rice-paper plant is frequently grown in low altitude area hillside sylvan life thick grass, light, and happiness is warm, Well-grown on moistening, fertile soil, because of stem pith of the rice-paper plant light weight, produces demand when needing establishing in large scale could meet, exists The problem of " striving ground with grain ".
Sinocalamus latiflorus is large-scale Sympodial bamboos class, high 20~25m, thick 15~25cm, is distributed in Sichuan, Guizhou, Guangdong, wide The southern provinces and regions such as west, Fujian and Taiwan, are the bamboo shoot material that the distribution of Chan Zhu area of China is the widest, cultivated area is maximum, products export is most Dual-purpose bamboo kind.Typically every mu planting density is 30~33 plants, enter stay in the sinocalamus latiflorus garden after the phase of abounding with substantial amounts of idly, mesh Front utilization rate is less than 20%, and other economic forests just do not have sinocalamus latiflorus woods to be suitable for planting the condition of the stem pith of the rice-paper plant.Sinocalamus latiflorus sylvan life sunlight Sufficient, ground moistening, is matched with the habit of the stem pith of the rice-paper plant, if in the interplanting stem pith of the rice-paper plant, can solve that stem pith of the rice-paper plant plantation exists " with Grain strive ground " problem.
Content of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, provides a kind of method of the sinocalamus latiflorus forest interplanting stem pith of the rice-paper plant, to fill Divide using sinocalamus latiflorus sylvan life free time soil, solve stem pith of the rice-paper plant plantation land used contradictory problems, meet the demand to the stem pith of the rice-paper plant for the market.
For reaching above-mentioned purpose, the present invention adopts the following technical scheme that:
A kind of method of the sinocalamus latiflorus forest interplanting stem pith of the rice-paper plant, comprises the following steps:
1. selection of land:Select that physical features is open, the gradient below 30 degree, be in limes marginis, soil layer is loose, fertile, the sinocalamus latiflorus that moistens Forest land.
2. site preparation:Surgery the disease pest harm bamboo in bamboo grove, old bamboo 2 months, germinate branch and weeds, then bamboo plantation is carried out entirely Cultivate, depth is 15~201cm.
3. kind of plant:3~April select overcast and rainy carry out digging cave plantation, 1~2 seed is put in every cave, and kind method is past from the edge of a field Under, line-spacing is 25~30cm, and spacing in the rows is 6~10cm, to be advisable apart from bamboo clump surrounding 50~60cm, sowing then earthing 2~3cm It is compacted.
4. field management:The stem pith of the rice-paper plant after planting keeps ground moistening, after coming up, timely weeding, thinning;When first piece is true After Ye Quanzhan, that is short of seedling can dig seedling polishing from the place having two young plants;In growth period, every mu is spread fertilizer over the fields composite fertilizer's farm manure 5 every year ~10kg, fertilizer application frequency is 2~3 times.
5. insect pest preventing and controlling:Growth period stem pith of the rice-paper plant disease is less, and Major Pests are swallowtail butterfly larva and aphid, and swallowtail butterfly larva stings food Blade and stem, aphid damage blade.Prevent and treat these insects and can not use chemical method, in order to avoid causing environmental pollution, bamboo shoot produce for impact Product edible safety, takes a certain amount of chilli or Chinese prickly ash, with boiling in boiling water to water variable color, after waiting water cool, impurity is taken out, then Capsicum (Chinese prickly ash) water is sprayed on aggrieved plant, effectiveness comparison is obvious.
6. harvesting is reserved seed for planting:Autumn and winter extract stem pith of the rice-paper plant base portion, remove end to end and sprout, are chopped to the long segment of 60cm, use thickness Stem marrow is extruded from pin matter by moderate hard waddy, dries, will be straight for rattan reason in dry run, at ordinary times, presses to very likely Diameter thickness stepping lashes, be further continued for being dried.Reserve seed for planting and select that grain is big, full, no disease and pests harm seed.
Compared with prior art, the present invention have the advantage that as follows with effect:
1. sinocalamus latiflorus garden can be made full use of idly, improve land utilization ratio, improve unit labor productivity.
2. can achieve the needs of stem pith of the rice-paper plant large-scale planting land used, solve wild stem pith of the rice-paper plant resource and reduce, raw medicinal material supply is tight Problem, meet that raw medicinal material is in short supply, meet the demand to the stem pith of the rice-paper plant for the market.
3. before stem pith of the rice-paper plant plantation, bamboo grove is cultivated entirely, improves soil structure, be conducive to bamboo root, bamboo whip to outgrowth, Absorb nutrient, enter to promote bamboo grove and preferably grow, develop, improve bamboo shoot output.
Specific embodiment
With reference to embodiment, the method for invention is described further:
1. selection of land:Select that physical features is open, the gradient below 30 degree, be in limes marginis, soil layer is loose, fertile, the sinocalamus latiflorus that moistens Forest land.
2. site preparation:Surgery the disease pest harm bamboo in bamboo grove, old bamboo 2 months, germinate branch and weeds, then bamboo plantation is carried out entirely Cultivate, depth is 15~201cm.
3. kind of plant:3~April select overcast and rainy carry out digging cave plantation, 1~2 seed is put in every cave, and kind method is past from the edge of a field Under, line-spacing is 25~30cm, and spacing in the rows is 6~10cm, to be advisable apart from bamboo clump surrounding 50~60cm, sowing then earthing 2~3cm It is compacted.
4. field management:The stem pith of the rice-paper plant after planting keeps ground moistening, after coming up, timely weeding, thinning;When first piece is true After Ye Quanzhan, that is short of seedling can dig seedling polishing from the place having two young plants;In growth period, every mu is spread fertilizer over the fields composite fertilizer's farm manure 5 every year ~10kg, fertilizer application frequency is 2~3 times.
5. insect pest preventing and controlling:Growth period stem pith of the rice-paper plant disease is less, and Major Pests are swallowtail butterfly larva and aphid, and swallowtail butterfly larva stings food Blade and stem, aphid damage blade.Prevent and treat these insects and can not use chemical method, in order to avoid causing environmental pollution, bamboo shoot produce for impact Product edible safety, takes a certain amount of chilli or Chinese prickly ash, with boiling in boiling water to water variable color, after waiting water cool, impurity is taken out, then Capsicum (Chinese prickly ash) water is sprayed on aggrieved plant, effectiveness comparison is obvious.
6. harvesting is reserved seed for planting:Autumn and winter extract stem pith of the rice-paper plant base portion, remove end to end and sprout, are chopped to the long segment of 60cm, use thickness Stem marrow is extruded from pin matter by moderate hard waddy, dries, will be straight for rattan reason in dry run, at ordinary times, presses to very likely Diameter thickness stepping lashes, be further continued for being dried.Reserve seed for planting and select that grain is big, full, no disease and pests harm seed.
By above-mentioned technology, every mu of sinocalamus latiflorus woods can harvest the dry stem pith of the rice-paper plant 4~5kg, realize mu and increase income more than 500 yuan.

Claims (1)

1. a kind of method of the bamboo forest interplanting stem pith of the rice-paper plant, comprises the following steps:
(1) selection of land:Select that physical features is open, the gradient below 30 degree, be in limes marginis, soil layer is loose, fertile, the sinocalamus latiflorus woods that moistens Ground.
(2) site preparation:Surgery the disease pest harm bamboo in bamboo grove, old bamboo 2 months, germinate branch and weeds, then bamboo plantation is cultivated entirely, Depth is 15~20lcm.
(3) plant:3~April select overcast and rainy carry out digging cave plantation, 1~2 seed is put in every cave, and kind method is from the edge of a field down, OK Away from for 25~30cm, spacing in the rows is 6~10cm, to be advisable apart from bamboo clump surrounding 50~60cm, sowing and then earthing 2~3cm compacting ?.
(4) field management:The stem pith of the rice-paper plant after planting keeps ground moistening, after coming up, timely weeding, thinning;Work as rough leaf Quan Zhanhou, that is short of seedling can dig seedling polishing from the place having two young plants;In growth period, every year every mu spread fertilizer over the fields composite fertilizer's farm manure 5~ 10kg, fertilizer application frequency is 2~3 times.
(5) insect pest preventing and controlling:Growth period stem pith of the rice-paper plant disease is less, and Major Pests are swallowtail butterfly larva and aphid, and swallowtail butterfly larva stings food leaf Piece and stem, aphid damage blade.Preventing and treating these insects and can not use chemical method, in order to avoid causing environmental pollution, affecting bamboo shoot product Edible safety, takes a certain amount of chilli or Chinese prickly ash, with boiling in boiling water to water variable color, after waiting water cool, impurity is taken out, then Capsicum (Chinese prickly ash) water is sprayed on aggrieved plant, and effectiveness comparison is obvious.
(6) harvesting is reserved seed for planting:Autumn and winter extract stem pith of the rice-paper plant base portion, remove end to end and sprout, are chopped to the long segment of 60cm, moderate with thickness Hard waddy stem marrow is extruded from pin matter, dry, will be straight for rattan reason in dry run, to very likely at ordinary times, by diameter Thickness stepping lashes, be further continued for being dried.Reserve seed for planting and select that grain is big, full, no disease and pests harm seed.
CN201610889914.7A 2016-10-08 2016-10-08 Dendrocalamus latiflorus forest under interplanting tetrapanax papyriferus method Pending CN106416718A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107047051A (en) * 2017-06-19 2017-08-18 湖州师范学院 The bionic cultivation method of the mao bamboon forest interplanting root of Chinese clematis

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CN103141260A (en) * 2013-03-18 2013-06-12 湖州师范学院 Method for ecologically interplanting sarcandra glabra under phyllostachys edulis forest
CN103283440A (en) * 2013-05-13 2013-09-11 福建万家药业有限公司 Method of planting Polygonatum cyrtonema under moso bamboo
CN104255218A (en) * 2014-08-08 2015-01-07 丽水五养堂农业发展有限公司 Bag type cultivation method for bionic interplanting of Tetrastigma hemsleyanum Diels et Gilg on bamboo forest land
CN105248138A (en) * 2015-11-19 2016-01-20 杨登新 Herba andrographis planting method

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101990816A (en) * 2009-08-19 2011-03-30 文山三七研究院 Pseudo-ginseng wildlife tending and planting method
CN103141260A (en) * 2013-03-18 2013-06-12 湖州师范学院 Method for ecologically interplanting sarcandra glabra under phyllostachys edulis forest
CN103283440A (en) * 2013-05-13 2013-09-11 福建万家药业有限公司 Method of planting Polygonatum cyrtonema under moso bamboo
CN104255218A (en) * 2014-08-08 2015-01-07 丽水五养堂农业发展有限公司 Bag type cultivation method for bionic interplanting of Tetrastigma hemsleyanum Diels et Gilg on bamboo forest land
CN105248138A (en) * 2015-11-19 2016-01-20 杨登新 Herba andrographis planting method

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CN107047051A (en) * 2017-06-19 2017-08-18 湖州师范学院 The bionic cultivation method of the mao bamboon forest interplanting root of Chinese clematis

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Application publication date: 20170222